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HUNGARY

ORIGO 14. TÉTEL:
 Magyarország természeti értékei
 tájak, egy-egy város leírása, turisztikai nevezetességek
 a főváros és/vagy szülővárosa legfontosabb nevezetességei
 hagyományos és nemzeti ünnepek
 szokások
 nemzetiségek Magyarországon, magyar nemzetiségek más
országokban
 kulturális értékeink
- Hungary is situated in Central Europe at approximately an equal
distance from the Equator(Egyenlítő) and the North Pole.
- The country occupies a territory of about 93,000 square kilometres.
Almost two thirds of this territory consists of fertile plains no more
than 200 metres above sea level.
- Hungary is divided into the capital, 19 counties and 22 towns of
county rank. Our country can be divided into three large regions:
Transdanubia, the Great Plain and Northern Hungary.
- The Transdanubian part is mainly hilly with the exception of the
northern region, which is called the Small Plain. The soil is
exceptionally good there for crops and vegetables.
- A similar area is the Great Plain, where most of Hungary's crops are
grown.
- Northern Hungary is fairly mountainous and the country's highest
peak can also be found there. Kékes tető
- Hungary belongs to the drainage system of Europe's second largest
river, the Danube. The Tisza is another long river and Lake Balaton is
the second largest freshwater lake in Central and Western Europe.
- Hungary is in the temperate zone and has a continental climate. This
means that tere are big differences between the weather in the four
seasons: spring, summer, autumn and winter.
- Because of the Carpathian Basin, Hungary is protected from the
extremes of weather by the mountains surrounding her from almost
all sides. Her climate is influenced by both moderate maritime and
mild Mediterranean air currents(áramlat).

but even then the average temperature does not fall below minus 5°C. part of the Finno-Ugric language family. on the east Romania. It’s the official position. but quite a few other languages are spoken as native languages by the several ethnic minorities living near the country's borders.Northern Hungary .As a result of the latest elections.Some of Historians think that the language of Hungarian is a Uralic language. January and February are the coldest months. .Western Hungary (Kisalföld.. . I think that the Hungarian language is a unique which doesn’t belong to any family of languages.The official language of Hungary is Hungarian. Croatia and Slovenia while on the west the country borders on Austria.Temperatures above 30°C may occur in July and August but generally do not last long.On the north Hungary is bordered by the Czech and Slovak Republic. but it doesn’t mean that we are a language family. .Alföld. But I think it’s not true.Transdanubia: . the Christian Democratic People's Party (KDNP). .Southern Transdanubia .Central Transdanubia and Lake Balaton . on the north-east by The Ukraine. the Little Hungarian . The president is elected by the parliament every five years. The government consists of representatives of the parties that are in majority.Hungary is a parliamentary republic. on the south by Serbia. These are the FIDESZ—Hungarian Civic Alliance (FIDESZ). five parties have seats in the Hungarian Parliament. There are parliamentary elections every four years. These are German and the Slavonic languages spoken in the countries around us. Regions . The Finns and the Hungarians perhaps lived together in our original homeland. the Great Hungarian Plain . and the leader of the winning party is asked by the president to form the government. .

. Újpest is the largest. . These effects can be felt even today. Slightly more than 80% of Roma children complete primary education. Visitors can enjoy the wonderful sights of Budapest. . . There are three opposition parties in Hungarian parliament. 3.The Roma minority and the illegal immigrants has caused the biggest source of problems in Hungary till today. go and see the lovely Hungarian villages where traditions of folk art are preserved and treasured or visit some of the smaller but beautiful . . but only one third continue studies into the intermediate (secondary) level. but the district also includes Megyer. There has been some emigration since Hungary joined the EU.These two parties are coalition and they govern the country.I think one reason for so many tourists coming to our country is the hospitality of the Hungarians.Tourism also plays an important role in our economy as millions of tourists come to Hungary from year to year. The MSZP and LMP are the political left wing. the KDNP and the Jobbik Movement are political right wing. . Hungary also has various tourist attractions.After World War I there was the Treaty of Trianon of 1920.I live in Budapest. Istvántelek. Most of the Roma people live in significantly worse conditions than others. who left Hungary at various times for example the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. I live in a detached house in the 4th district in the North of Budapest. Káposztásmegyer. The FIDESZ. The victorious forces redrew the borders of Hungary so that it runs through Hungarian majority areas. It is located on the left bank of the Danube River. The district is composed of six parts.3 million Hungarians found themselves outside the new borders. the Democratic Party(DK) and the Politics Can Be Different (LMP). .I have lived here all my life. the Together Party(Együtt). The other main group are the emigrants. relax on one of the numerous beaches of Lake Balaton. It is also difficult to put an end to inflation. Újpest.Hundreds of thousands of Hungarians live below the poverty line as living standards are declining and unemployment is growing. The Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP). Székesdűlő and the northern tip of the island Népsziget. the capital city of Hungary. Nowadays they have bad chances for work because of their education. the Jobbik Movement. As a consequence. especially to countries such as Germany or England although this has not been as drastic.

Budapest is the capital and the largest city of Hungary and one of the largest cities in the European Union. Christmas Eve (24 th December). The city is extremely rich in historical and cultural monuments(emlékmű). New Year’s Day (1 st January). Eger or Szentendre. because this is the best point from which to see the panorama of the city. Easter Monday. New Year’s Eve (31st December). Next to the church we can see the bronze statue of King Stephen I. Standing high above the city on the highest point of the hill is the Statue of Liberty. The Boxing Day (26 th December). stands the famous Matthias Church. Mother’s Day (first Sunday in May). name-day. This day is Labour Day in EU and Hungary. -It is also called the Coronation Church and several kings of Hungary were buried(temetni) here. diamond jubilee. the Trinity Square. Good Friday (Friday before Easter Sunday). In its central square. silver. the Day of the Dead (early in November). It was built in the thirteenth century in Gothic style so it is more than 700 years old. the Great Hungarian Plain. May 1st is a spring holiday when maypoles are put up in gardens. There is also a fortress(erőd) on the top of the hill called the Citadel. Kőszeg. It is the country's principal political. commercial. golden.towns like Veszprém.Today Budapest is a busy metropolis with a population of 2 million people. wedding anniversary. graduation day. August 20th is the day of king Stephen I. . .Where would you take tourists? . which was built in 1851. Christmas Day (25 th December).(Pünküsd) . On this day we commemorate the founding of our state almost a thousand years ago. Easter Sunday. where they can see the famous Hungarian stud farms. and that of Janos Hunyadi. and transportation centre.Then I would take the visitor to the centre of Buda where we can find the Castle Hill. Valentine’s Day (14 th February). .I think I would start the tour of Budapest by taking the tourist up to the Gellért Hill. Pentecost. On its top the Royal Castle District was built. On October 23rd we celebrate the declaration of the Hungarian Republic and commemorate the revolution of 1956. cultural. FAMILY CELEBRATIONS IN HUNGARY: We celebrate our birthday. They can go for outings to the romantic 'Puszta'. a new-born baby’s christening. works of art and natural beauties. industrial.(ménes) TRADITIONAL AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS: On March 15th we commemorate the Hungarian Revolution and War of Independence of 1848-49. .

such as the Open-air Theatre of the State Opera House. or the Palatinus Medicinal and Open-air Baths.The most popular park for the people living in Budapest is the beautiful Margaret Island.Behind the church the Fishermen's Bastion can be found. the National Sport Swimming Pool.Today a lot of different establishments provide recreation facilities for the inhabitants of the capital. . which is right in the middle of the Danube. . It was erected in 1896 to commemorate the 1000th anniversary of the founding of Hungary. . the Grand Hotel.. .One of the best-known monuments in Pest is the one in Heroes' Square. from which there is a magnificent view of the Danube with the Houses of Parliament on the opposite bank.