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Recruitment (hiring) is a core function of human resource management.

[1]
Recruitment refers to the overall process of attracting, selecting and appointing
suitable candidates for jobs (either permanent or temporary) within an
organization.[2] Recruitment can also refer to processes involved in choosing
individuals for unpaid positions, such as voluntary roles or unpaid trainee roles.
Managers, human resource generalists and recruitment specialists may be
tasked with carrying out recruitment, but in some cases public-sector
employment agencies, commercial recruitment agencies, or specialist search
consultancies are used to undertake parts of the process. Internet-based
technologies to support all aspects of recruitment have become widespread.

Process
Job analysis
In situations where multiple new jobs are created and recruited for the first time or vacancies
are there or the nature of a job has substantially changed, a job analysis might be undertaken
to document the knowledge, skills, abilities and other characteristics (KSAOs) required or
sought for the job. From these the relevant information is captured in such documents as job
descriptions and job specifications. Often, a company already has job descriptions for
existing positions. Where already drawn up, these documents may require review and
updating to reflect current requirements. Prior to the recruitment stage, a person specification
should be finalized to provide recruiters with the project's requirements and objectives.[5]

Sourcing
Sourcing is the use of one or more strategies to attract or identify candidates to fill job
vacancies. It may involve internal and/or external recruitment advertising, using appropriate
media, such as job portals,local or national newspapers, specialist recruitment media,
professional publications, window advertisements, job centers, or in a variety of ways via the
internet.
Alternatively, employers may use recruitment consultancies or agencies to find otherwise
scarce candidates—who, in many cases, may be content in their current positions and are not
actively looking to move. This initial research for candidates—also called name generation—
produces contact information for potential candidates, whom the recruiter can then discreetly
contact and screen.[5]

Screening and selection
Various psychological tests can assess a variety of KSAOs, including literacy. Assessments
are also available to measure physical ability. Recruiters and agencies may use applicant
tracking systems to filter candidates, along with software tools for psychometric testing and
performance-based assessment.[6] In many countries, employers are legally mandated to
ensure their screening and selection processes meet equal opportunity and ethical standards.[5]
In order to significantly improve the candidate evaluation and selection process, Buettner
proposed a recruitment framework for searching online social networks.[2]

Online resources have developed to help find niche recruiters.[13] Niche firms tend to focus on building ongoing relationships with their candidates. engage and convert candidates. Research has shown that employer biases tend to improve through first-hand experience and exposure with proper supports for the employee[9] and the employer making the hiring decisions. the expanding generation is people from ages 55–64. The U. money and job stability are two of the contributing factors to the productivity of a disabled employee.[11] Approaches Internal recruitment (not to be confused with internal recruiters!) refers to the process of a candidate being selected from the existing workforce to take up a new job in the same organization.[7] Many companies. as the same candidates may be placed many times throughout their careers. which in return equates to the growth and success of a business. Advantages include the organization's familiarity with the employee and their competencies insofar as they are revealed in their current job.[12] An employee referral program is a system where existing employees recommend prospective candidates for the job offered. It can be quicker and have a lower cost to hire someone internally. IRS grants companies Disabled Access Credit when they meet eligibility criteria. or to meet a specific or urgent organizational need.[8] Disabled candidates The word disability carries few positive connotations for most employers. the fastest-growing age group is 45–54. and their willingness to trust said employee.g..[10] There is no difference in the daily production of a disabled worker.Employers are likely to recognize the value of candidates who encompass soft skills such as interpersonal or team leadership. including multinational organizations and those that recruit from a range of nationalities. On Twitter.[14] Niche firms also develop knowledge on specific employment trends within their industry of focus (e.[1] Given their situation.[15] Social recruiting is the use of social media for recruiting including sites like Facebook and Twitter or career-oriented social networking sites such as LinkedIn and XING."[19] . the energy industry) and are able to identify demographic shifts such as aging and its impact on the industry. especially with middle-aged people. the employee receives a cash bonus. Hiring disabled workers produce more advantages than disadvantages. enabling them to solve problems and overcome adversity as with other employees. are also often concerned about whether candidate fits the prevailing company culture. As for most companies.S. they are more likely to adapt to their environmental surroundings and acquaint themselves with equipment. perhaps as a promotion.[3][16][17] It is a rapidly growing sourcing technique.[18] Mobile recruiting is a recruitment strategy that uses mobile technology to attract. Mobile recruiting is often cited as a growing opportunity for recruiters to connect with candidates more efficiently with "over 89% of job seekers saying their mobile device will be an important tool and resource for their job search. and in some organizations if the suggested candidate is hired. or to provide career development opportunity. On Google+.

This is illegal in some countries.Some recruiters work by accepting payments from job seekers. Such recruiters often refer to themselves as "personal marketers" and "job application services" rather than as recruiters. in which recruiters must not charge candidates for their services (although websites such as LinkedIn may charge for ancillary job-search-related services). such as in the United Kingdom. . and in return help them to find a job.