You are on page 1of 7

Software Verification

SAP2000
0

PROGRAM NAME:
REVISION NO.:

AISC LRFD-99 Example 002
WIDE FLANGE MEMBER UNDER COMBINED COMPRESSION & BIAXIAL BENDING
EXAMPLE DESCRIPTION
A check of the column adequacy is checked for combined axial compression and flexural loads.
The column is 14 ft tall and loaded with an axial load, Pu  1400 kips and bending, M ux , M uy =
200k-ft and 70k-ft, respectively. It is assumed that there is reverse-curvature bending with equal
end moments about both axes and no loads along the member. The column demand/capacity
ratio is checked against the results of Example 6.2 in the 3 rd Edition, LRFD Manual of Steel
Construction, pages 6-6 to 6-8.
GEOMETRY, PROPERTIES AND LOADING

Member Properties
W14X176
E = 29000 ksi
Fy = 50 ksi

Loading
Pu = 1,400 kips
Mux = 200 kip-ft
Muy = 70 kip-ft

Geometry
H = 14.0 ft

TECHNICAL FEATURES TESTED
 Section Compactness Check (Compression & Bending)
 Member Compression Capacity
 Member Bending Capacity
 Demand/Capacity Ratio, D/C

AISC LRFD-99 Example 002 - 1

Software Verification
SAP2000
0

PROGRAM NAME:
REVISION NO.:

RESULTS COMPARISON
Independent results are hand calculated and compared with the results from
Example 6.2 in the 3rd Edition, LRFD Manual of Steel Construction, pages 6-6 to
6-8.

SAP2000

Independent

Percent
Difference

Compactness

Compact

Compact

0.00%

c Pn (kips)

1937.844

1937.839

0.00%

b M nx (k-ft)

1200

1200

0.00%

b M ny (k-ft)

600.478

600.478

0.00%

0.974

0.974

0.00%

Output Parameter

D/C
COMPUTER FILE: AISC-LRFD99 EX002
CONCLUSION

The results show an acceptable comparison with the independent results.

AISC LRFD-99 Example 002 - 2

Software Verification
SAP2000
0

PROGRAM NAME:
REVISION NO.:

HAND CALCULATION
Properties:
Material: ASTM A992 Grade 50 Steel
Fy = 50 ksi, E = 29,000 ksi
Section: W14x176
A = 51.8 in2,
bf = 15.7 in, tf = 1.31 in, d = 15.2 in, tw = 0.83 in
hc  d  2t f  15.2  2 1.31  12.58 in
Ix = 2,140 in4, Iy = 838 in4, rx = 6.4275 in, ry = 4.0221 in
Sx = 281.579 in3, Sy = 106.7516 in3, Zx = 320.0 in3 , Zy = 163.0 in3.
Member:
Kx = Ky = 1.0
L = Lb = 14 ft
Other
c  0.85
b  0.9
Loadings:
Pu = 1400 kips
Mux = 200 k-ft
Muy = 70 k-ft
Section Compactness:
Localized Buckling for Flange:
bf / 2  15.7 / 2  5.99

tf
1.31

 p  0.38

E
29000
 0.38
 9.15
Fy
50

   p , No localized flange buckling
Flange is Compact.
Localized Buckling for Web:
h 12.58
 c 
 15.16
tw 0.83
b Py  b Ag Fy  0.9  51.8  50  2331kips

AISC LRFD-99 Example 002 - 3

Software Verification
SAP2000
0

PROGRAM NAME:
REVISION NO.:

Pu
1400

 0.601
b Py 2331
Since

Pu
 0.601  0.125
b Py


P 
E
 2.33  u   1.49
b Py 
Fy

29000
29000
 p  1.12
 35.884
 2.33  0.601  46.647  1.49
50
50
   p , No localized web buckling
Web is Compact.

 p  1.12

E
Fy

Section is Compact.
Member Compression Capacity:
For braced frames, K = 1.0 and KxLx = KyLy = 14.0 ft, From AISC Table 4-2,

c Pn  1940 kips
Or by hand,

c 

KyL

Fy

ry

E

Since c  1.5,

Fcr  Fy 0.658c

2

1.0  14  12
50
 0.552
4.022   29000

  50  0.658

0.5522

 44.012 ksi

c Pn  c Fcr Ag  0.85  44.012  51.8
c Pn  1937.84 kips
From LRFD Specification Section H1.2,

Pu
1400

 0.722  0.2
c Pn 1937.84

AISC LRFD-99 Example 002 - 4

Software Verification
PROGRAM NAME:
REVISION NO.:

SAP2000
0

Therefore, LRFD Specification Equation H1-1a governs.
Section Bending Capacity
50  310
M px  Fy Z x 
 1333.333 k  ft
12
M py  Fy Z y
However,

Zy
Sy

163
 1.527  1.5,
106.7516

So
Z y  1.5 S y  1.5 106.7516  160.1274 in3
M py 

50 160.1274
 667.198 k  ft
12

Member Bending Capacity
From LRFD Specification Equation F1-4,

L p  1.76ry

E
Fyf

Lp  1.76  4.02

29000 1

 14.2 ft  Lb  14 ft
12
50

b M nx  b M px
b M nx  0.9 1333.333
b M nx  1200 k  ft
b M ny  b M py
b M ny  0.9  667.198

b M ny  600.478 k  ft

AISC LRFD-99 Example 002 - 5

Software Verification
PROGRAM NAME:
REVISION NO.:

SAP2000
0

Interaction Capacity: Compression & Bending
From LRFD Specification section C1.2, for a braced frame, Mlt = 0.
M ux  B1x M ntx , where M ntx  200 kip-ft; and
M uy  B1 y M nty , where M nty  70 kip-ft

B1 

Cm

P 
1  u 
 Pe1 

1

For reverse curvature bending and equal end moments:

M1
 1.0
M2
M 
C m  0.6  0.4 1 
 M2 
Cm  0.6  0.41.0  0.2

pe1 

 2 EI

 KL 

pe1x 
pe1 y 

B1x 

2

 2  29000  2140

14.0 12 

2

 2  29000  838

14.0 12
C mx

P 
1  u 
 Pe1x 

2

 21, 702 kips

 8, 498

1

AISC LRFD-99 Example 002 - 6

Software Verification
PROGRAM NAME:
REVISION NO.:

SAP2000
0

0.2
 0.214  1
1400 

1 

 21702 
1
C my

1


P
1  u 
 P 
e1 y 

0.2

 0.239  1
 1400 
1 

 8498 
1

B1x 
B1x

B1 y

B1 y
B1 y

M ux  1.0  200  200 kip-ft;
and
M uy  1.0  70  70 kip-ft

From LRFD Specification Equation H1-1a,

1400 8  200
70 
 

  0.974  1.0 , OK
1940 9  1200 600.478 
D
 0.974
C

AISC LRFD-99 Example 002 - 7