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Omphalos

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

An omphalos (ὀμφαλός) is a religious stone artifact, or baetylus. In Greek, the word omphalos means
"navel". In Greek lore, Zeus sent two eagles across the world to meet at its center, the "navel" of the
world.[1] Omphalos stones marking the centre were erected in several places about the Mediterranean Sea;
the most famous of those was at Delphi. Omphalos is also the name of the stone given to Cronus. In the
ancient world of the Mediterranean, it was a powerful religious symbol.[2] Omphalos Syndrome refers to the
misguided belief that a place of geopolitical power and currency is the most important place in the
world.[3][4]

Contents
1 Symbolism
2 Delphi
3 Jerusalem
4 Art
5 Literature
6 Geographical references
7 See also
8 Sources
9 References

Symbolism
The omphalos was not only an object of Hellenic religious symbolism and world centrality; it was also
considered an object of power. Its symbolic references included the uterus, the phallus, and a cup of red wine
representing royal blood lines.

Delphi
Most accounts locate the Delphi omphalos in the adyton (sacred part of the temple) near the Pythia (oracle).
The stone sculpture itself (which may be a copy), has a carving of a knotted net covering its surface, and a
hollow center, widening towards the base. The omphalos represents the stone which Rhea wrapped in
swaddling clothes, pretending it was Zeus, in order to deceive Cronus. (Cronus was the father who
swallowed his children so as to prevent them from usurping him as he had deposed his own father, Uranus).

Jerusalem The omphalos at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.to set up there a national fertilising farm to be named Omphalos with an obelisk hewn and erected after the fashion of Egypt and to offer his dutiful yeoman services for the fecundation of any female of what grade of life soever who should there direct to him with the desire of fulfilling the functions of her natural. Holland (1933) suggested that the stone was hollow to allow intoxicating vapours breathed by the Oracle to channel through it." (chapter 14). Will you be as gods? Gaze in your omphalos. For example. it will be relocated to Rockport. Jerusalem. Authors who have used the term include: Homer. The omphalos has a collection box chained next to it. Jerusalem. Massachusetts. Pausanias. That is why mystic monks. In Indiana Jones and the Peril at Delphi (1991). in Christian mediaeval tradition. understanding of the use of the omphalos is uncertain due to destruction of the site by Theodosius I and Arcadius in the 4th century CE. the word. the sculpture has been deinstalled.H. James Joyce. Cambridge. which rested on the Foundation stone marking the centre of the world."" (chapter 1). the omphalos (the MacGuffin). "One of her sisterhood lugged me squealing into life. Massachusetts under the Arts on the Line The omphalos in museum of Delphi. a Fafhrd and the Gray Mouser story by Fritz Leiber. The cords of all link back.." Buck Mulligan said.[8] Literature In literature. Ulysses. the navel of the world (the spiritual and cosmological centre of the world). represents.Omphalos stones were believed to allow direct communication with the gods. However. D." (chapter 3) Other examples include.[7] As of 2014. Lawrence.[6] This tradition may have stemmed from the similar one at Delphi. hushed in ruddy wool. and Jacques Derrida.[5] Jewish tradition held that God revealed himself to His people through the Ark of the Covenant in the Temple in Jerusalem. Joyce uses the term in the novel. Creation from nothing. In Thieves' House. Omphalos in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. is described as a small smooth black cone with a knotted petrified net covering its surface. ""Billy Pitt had them built. It allows the holder to see into the future. Erwin Rohde wrote that the Python at Delphi was an earth spirit. What has she in the bag? A misbirth with a trailing navelcord. omphalos has held various meanings but usually refers to the stone at Delphi. program. Omphal is the name of a set of . "when the French were on the sea but our's is the omphalos. (See picture) Art Omphalos is a public art sculpture by Dimitri Hadzi formerly located in the Harvard Square. ". strandentwining cable of all flesh.. who was conquered by Apollo and buried under the Omphalos.

Dick. Greek Religion. Philip Henry Gosse published Omphalos: an Attempt to Untie the Geological Knot and thereby created what has been called the Omphalos hypothesis. Black Sun. Inc.[9] A line in Seamus Heaney's poem. Walter (1985).) by Philip K. built into the cliffs along the Indus River in Punjab India. Hyōgo Mexico (among others. Mansur. Pawn of the Omphalos is a novel by E. stands vibrant as you pass. Inside. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Omphalos. republished as Lies. describes the descent of a man to the center of the world.reads: " O charioteers. Look up omphalos in Wiktionary. Thailand. Sources Burkert. Gangwon Foundation Stone of the Jewish Temple. Jerusalem. The Cults of the Greek States. describes Glastonbury Abbey as an omphalos. in the middle of which they find a carved omphalos that replicates the one at Delphi. Farnell. In Dead Sky. a world of darkness and mystery. Dehoqu (1925). Lewis R. those of a long-dead master thief.000 fantasy novel by Graham McNeill. found in the Dome of the Rock mosque on the Temple Mount. See also Axis mundi Benben stone Lia Fáil Lingam Stone of Scone Umbilicus urbis Romae Omphalos of Chiang Rai." In Chapter 14 of James Rollins' SIGMA Force novel The Last Oracle. it stands here still. the Omphalos Daemonium is trapped in Chaos armour.bejeweled bones. Gray and his entourage explore a replica of the Temple at Delphi. above your dormant guns. Tubb. one supposed etymology states the word means "the navel of the Moon") Tenri. . C. Black Stone Nishiwaki. Omphalos is the name of a ship. a Warhammer 40. In The Unteleported Man (1966. they find a secret passageway that leads downstairs to a sacred room. Thailand Yanggu County. (1896). the invisible untoppled omphalos. the free dictionary. Nara Wat Phra That Doi Chom Thong. The band Krux's song "Omfalos" (2002). the character. In Grave Goods by Ariana Franklin. Dishi. Geographical references Cusco Göbekli Tepe Hill of Uisneach Kaaba. which mentions the darkness and the light within the Omphalus. The musician Michael Idehall has a song "Omphalos" on his Ant-Zen Records album Deep Code Sol (2015). "The Toome Road".

The omphalos and the cross. Winther. (2000). 8. p. p. 6. Psyche. American Journal of Archaeology 37 (14): 204–214. a non-profit organization. Volume 2. ISBN 9780618742226. "Hadzi sculpture in Harvard Square to get fixed. Mercian Mysteries 14. 3. Literary Identity in the Omphalos Periplus. Order and History. you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. p.php?title=Omphalos&oldid=730572174" Categories: Classical oracles Stones Phallic symbols Yonic symbols This page was last modified on 19 July 2016. Pawn of the Omphalos. Kedoshim paragraph 10.C. (2007). (2011). Ma website. "The Secret Teachings of All Ages: Greek Oracles". Joseph R. University of Missouri Press. a homily on the phrase.. Ciholas P. Priestesses. Tubb. 9. 396.12. Jane Ellen (1912). Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. the nations. "The Black Stone . (1928).Goodrich. Inc. Voegelin E. Guthrie. Sacred texts. ISBN 9780826263933. Pierre Jean & Kitsikis. "Homeric Hymn to Pythian Apollo"..the Omphalos of the Goddess". Retrieved 28 December 2013. Geoff (November 11. By using this site. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation. Trubshaw. Edgers. Leicester B. Harrison. (1955). E. 6. 2. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. (1990). at 21:42. 7. The Greeks and their Gods. (1933). 4.org/archive/WINWN. Hachette UK. p. Paris. Ezekial 38. Boston Globe. Omphalos. Rasmus Grønfeldt (2014) World Navels. Manly P. W. "The Mantic Mechanism at Delphi". 44. Erwin (1925). 31. "Public art". Bob (February 1993). Are We Rome?: The Fall of an Empire and the Fate of America. ISBN 9780575107663. additional terms may apply. (2003).pdf 5.that dwell in the middle of the earth. OMACL. (2011).org/w/index.wikipedia. Shafer. Retrieved from "https://en. Retrieved 15 July 2012. Tanhuma Buber. Hall. Oswald. References 1. 2013).K. Rohde. Dimitri (1977). "Themis: A Study of the Social Origins of Greek Religion". Murphy C. . Norma L. Holland. C. Cambridge. Cartouche 89: 15-21 http://philpapers.. then moved". ISBN 9780865547834. Mercer University Press.

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