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Location: Peloponnese, Greece.

Grid Reference: 37° 39' N, 22° 52' E.

Oracle Centres.
Earth Navels.
Eleusian Mysteries.
Antikythera Device.
Phaistos Disc.
Greek Automata.

Ancient Greece Homepage.
Index of Ancient Sites.

Mycenae: (Capital of the Mycenaean Empire).
The period of Greek history from about 1600 BC to about 1100 BC is called
Mycenaean in reference to Mycenae.
In the second millennium BC Mycenae was one of the major centres of
Greek civilization and a military stronghold which would have dominated
much of southern Greece. The Mycenaean civilization filled the vacuum of
the Minoans following the Santorini disaster in the 16th cent BC. There are
several indications that they originated from the middle east (Phrygia).
The fact that both Greek and Roman travelers used to measure 1 degree of
latitude at 600 Greek Stadia or 75 Roman miles, a measure which is only
correct at the latitude of Mycenae, adds to the suggestion that their
system of calculation traces back to their Mycenaean ancestors.
(Click here for map of Citadel)


Ancient Wisdom Jewelry

Article: May. 2013: 'Mysterious Mayans Were European According to DNA'
The Minoans, the builders of Europe's first advanced civilization, really were European, new research suggests.
The conclusion, published today (May 14) in the journal Nature Communications, was drawn by comparing DNA
from 4,000-year-old Minoan skeletons with genetic material from people living throughout Europe and Africa in
the past and today.
(Link to Full Article)

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Article: Oct. 2009: 'The Worlds Oldest Submerged Town' Archaeologists surveying the world’s oldest submerged town have found ceramics dating back to the Final
Neolithic. Their discovery suggests that Pavlopetri, off the southern Laconia coast of Greece, was occupied some
5,000 years ago — at least 1,200 years earlier than originally thought.
(Link to Full Article)

Mycenaea: The Mycenaean's
Greek legend always maintains that the Pelopidae of Mycenae came from Phyrgia, which is corroborated by
archaeology. The objects found in excavations, and the sculptured ornament on the doorways of the
"Treasuries" and over the Lion Gate, all point to foreign influence and particularly to Asia Minor. The same type
of the two lions and the column has been recently found over the entrance to a colossal sepulchre in the rocks
near the south-western corner of the Sangarius valley in Phyrgia. Legend and remains alike show that a rich
and powerful dynasty of foreign origin ruled at Mycenae; the only early remains in the Greek world that equal
them in interest are the ruins of ancient Troy. It is precisely these two cities which are described in the
Homeric poems as the two great cities of the Greek world.
The city is surrounded by two walls, built of cyclopean blocks on the lower and older courses.
The Lion-Gate.
The primary entrance to the city is flanked on either side by the city
wall. Over the entrance is placed a triangular slab of stone into
which the now famous carved lions face one another, separated by
an upright column.
(Note the similarity in design to the entrance at the 'Treasury of Atreus')
The art of this relief shows no resemblance to archaic Greek art; in is foreign in character, the work of immigrant race,
which brought with it a well-developed civilization.
The same art can be seen in Mesopotamian art of the same period, as seen in this Phrygian Lion Gate, below.

and are generally assigned to the 14th and 13th centuries BCE. In the 19th and early 20th centuries some scholars ascribed many of these walls and buildings to the ancient Pelasgians. 'Cyclopean' Walls. where the hero/king Gilgamesh was always portrayed in such a way. In fact it appears that the term Mycenaeans was invented to replace these hard to trace Pelasgians . Flanking lions are also found at the gates of Important Middle eastern cities such as Boghazkoy and Alaja Hüyük . At most. but their history was so hard to unravel most modern works make almost no reference to them.The classic symbol of two flanking lions has middle eastern roots tracing back to Sumeria. A superb example at Paleo Kastro-Agios Adrianos. following the tradition of the Minoan (Cretan) snake-goddess. modern textbooks consider them to be the earliest inhabitants of Greece before the invasion of the Mycenaeans. Mycenaean snake-goddess. The renowned cyclopean walls of Tiryns and Mycenae are attributed to the noted by Professor William Ridgeway in The Early Age of Greece. mythical one-eyed giants. . also called the Achaeans or Pelasgians. Greek tradition asserts that they were built by the Cyclopes.

-. weighing around 120 tons. The ultimate origin of this architectural technique can be seen in both the Neolithic cultures of Tell Halaf (Syria and Turkey). as often as the area of the chamber or the tholos became crowded with corpses.. not covered with earth nor placed in a coffin of wood or stone. 136-7 The inside space creates a negative-space 'Omphalos'.. The blocks were cut to fit together perfectly. so as to make room for the new interments. The 'Treasury' of Atreus. As both the great tholoi at Mycenae were provided with rich façades and had their wooden doors overlaid with metals. . with echoes in the Neolithic Western-Atlantic passage-mounds. the earlier remains were gathered in heaps in the corners. . . Sardinia). and proof that skeletons found inside the tholoi do not belong to the period of the original builders is found in the observation that: As a rule. but in some cases they were used for other purposes such as homes (Cyprus). For repeated observations prove that. it is the fact that the walls. . or buried in shallow trenches. . . with the so-called 'Treasury of Atreus' being the most impressive. where they were commonly used for burial. are not of the same material as the tombs themselves'. the body was simply laid on the floor of the tholos or the chamber. ritual (Syria). and even fortification (Spain. Irving Manatt (1897). with the largest (the lintel). Nine significant Tholoi have been discovered in ancient Mycenae.. normally referred to as 'Beehive-shaped'. it appears to me more probable that they were not forthwith blocked up. were once closed. the only question is when it was done. (Link to the Top-50 Megaliths) According to Wilhelm Dorpfeld it is true that: '. xxvi-xxvii This means that the skeletons found in some tholoi could date from a later period. great as well as small.all these tombs. Tholoi are characterised by their internal domed chamber.A Study of the Monuments and Culture of Prehomeric Greece by Chrestos Tsountas and J. pp.Dorpfeld's Introduction to The Mycenaean Age -. of which not a trace has yet been found. Numerous other 'Tholoi' are recorded around the Mediterranean and the Middle-east.(Other examples of 'cyclopean' masonry) Tholoi: Omphalos-shaped chambers. No cement was used with the masonry. built to block up the two great tholoi. pp. .Ibid. -.

Atreus invited him to dinner where he offered Thyestes the flesh of his sons. the two sons of Pelops. was found carved onto a stone at Stonehenge. the name commonly applied to dome-shaped graves (such as the ‘Treasury of Atreus’ at Mycenae. who was also his lover. Atreus won their favour and ascended the throne of Mycenae. Aerope. the Stonehenge sarsen's were erected around 600 years earlier and the debate has now been been laid to rest. (More about Omphalos) The Tragedy of Atreis: A Mycenaean Myth.100 BC.600 BC 1. the date for the erection of the bluestones at Stonehenge has since been revised. (0-09-927875-8). at the inside more than 600 years earlier .Pennick (28). the Mycenaean's went to the oracle at Delphi. but no more. which have no precedent in British prehistoric architecture. Following the death of the last member of the Perseid dynasty. It also seems to place these carvings well after the bluestone circle & oval. At best then. is of interest as we are told that the site was ‘Treasury’ was built on the site of the old oracle of the earth goddess herself. the dagger might represent a Mycenaean visit to Stonehenge. This discovery raised the suggestion that the stones were raised by Mycenaean architects as the nearest artefacts with any similarity to this dagger are those found in Mycenae. said to date from between 2267 & 1983 bce. The curved Mycenaean lintels have been compared to the Stonehenge lintels. notes that the Roman author Varro compared the omphalos shape with a ‘treasury’. Current dating suggests that while the Mycenaean civilisation existed from around 1. In 1953. who plotted against him with the help of Atreus' wife. with legends stating that Python... however. he quarrelled with his brother. in order to choose on of them as a king. as pointed out in the book Hengeworld by Mike Pitts. left). on page 341 he states that the "large sarsen structures" of Stonehenge have been dated with 95% confidence to between 2461 & 2205 bce. a carving of what appears to be a Mycenaean dagger (below. (More about Stonehenge) . The Mycenaean tombs or Tholos all had curved lintels over the entrances. lays buried there having been killed by Apollo the sun god. so described by Pausanias). The suggestion that the Treasury of Atreus may be an omphalos of ‘negative space’.. who told them to summon Atreus and Theyestes. thus bringing upon himself a curse blighting his destiny and that of all the offspring. A Mycenaean Connection with Stonehenge? For a while it was debated as to whether or not there may have been a connection between the builders of Stonehenge and the Mycenaean's. However. To avenge himself. the serpent spirit of the earth. (page 342).

975 € 10.900 € About Us | Homepage | A-Z Site Index | Gift Shop | Contact-Us 6.990 € 14. an alloy of gold and silver. (Jaennie Hall) (Passage Mounds) (Other Greek locations) References: 1). he set the plate into the blade. and he made the men's hair. Then the artist took a separate sheet of bronze for his design. This sheet he enamelled. 'It would take a very skilful man to-day. and the rims of the shields. If you could turn this dagger over. pp 158-163. http://74. and on it he inlaid his design. One lion is pouncing upon a hunter.125. The artist used pure gold for the bodies of the hunters and the lions. M and Klauss Heinmann.450 € 19.890 € 7.77.Mycenaean daggers. On one of these daggers we see five hunters fighting three lions. the lions' manes. 103-148. of some black substance. a man who was both goldsmith and artist. you would see a lion chasing five gazelles.132/search?q=cache:czCzAbRH7P0J:www.250 € 9. 8. Beyond Worlds Publishing. for the hunters' shields and their trousers. First the blade was made. he used electron.999 € . The Orb Project.790 € 15. to make such daggers as men found at Mycenae. On the smaller dagger we see three lions running'.100 € 15.PDF+delphi+prehistoric&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=3&gl=uk 2). Two of the lions are running away. Ledworth.geo.399 € 13. but his friends are coming to help him. and riveted on the handle. When the picture was finished on the plate.