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BUSINESS UNIT “PETROCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES”

HISTORY
ZAVKOM was founded in 1933 as a chemical machinery plant.
The following milestones in the company’s history are noteworthy:

1933
The first equipment for the chemical industry was manufactured: units for separating coke cooling and distillers.

1946
Large apparatus from corrosion-resistant and heat-resistant steels were produced.

1948
Distilling plants and heat-exchange equipment were first manufactured for the shipbuilding industry,
including equipment for the nuclear-powered icebreaker Lenin.

1966
By Decree of the Praesidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, for ensuring high growth rates in the
production of complex chemical apparatus, the enterprise was awarded the Red Flag Order of Labour.

1970
Technology was developed for the manufacture of equipment from bi- and tri-metal for especially aggressive
products and research in nuclear physics.

1992
The first turnkey projects in biotechnologies were implemented.

2000
The production of installations for gas purification and treatment was mastered. The company developed
active collaboration with OJSC Gazprom.

2001
The production of equipment for nuclear power stations was mastered. Equipment was designed,
manufactured and delivered for the Kola Nuclear Power Station.

2007
The company engaged in scientific research in the design and production of innovative nano-materials,
investing its own funds in the venture.

2014
The company was restructured and rebranded.

Throughout its entire history, ZAVKOM has continually expanded its engineering, science, technical and
production potential, uncovering new lines of business and developing the company.

INTRODUCTION
ZAVKOM is a leading Russian industrial holding company. Since 1933 the company has been known in the world
market as an EPC contractor and manufacturer of equipment for oil, gas and petrochemical industries.
More than 1500 professional employees (400 engineers), the company’s own manufacturing plant and R&D center
– all these makes it possible to execute complex high-tech industrial projects.
The company provides clients with the innovative solutions and helps them to establish profitable business.
We use state-of-the-art technologies and quality management systems to create competitive products and
services.
ZAVKOM with its extensive experience in engineering, procurement and construction guarantees its customers
high services and professional management at all stages of project implementation.
The company's business grows rapidly and constantly develops production level extending market share and
geography of sales. ZAVKOM cooperates with 92 companies from 25 countries. The company's head office is in
Tambov city (Russia), representative offices are located in Moscow, Prague (Czech Republic), Minsk (Belarus),
Dubai (UAE), Tehran (Iran) and Hanoi (Vietnam).
ZAVKOM collaborates with leading Russian and international research centres and engineering companies
including Toyo Engineering Corporation, Maire Tecnimont, Linde, Moscow State University, Prague University of
Technology. The company's R&D centre successfully carries out research and development work in nanomaterial
sphere operates pilot plants for chemical processes testing.
Nowadays the company's business consists of seven business units engaged in different sectors of industry.

In recent years there has been much discussion of the need to develop high-tech production and inhouse expertise. however. and collaboration with leading Russian and international research institutes and engineering companies. is engaged in scientific research and experimental design work and is elaborating new technologies and engineering solutions. ZAVKOM main priorities today are to satisfy the interests of our customers at the highest possible level. without relying on any historical experience and without an understanding of market trends. is often a matter of trial and error. international markets included. it is important to remember that in the creation of new facilities.OWNER'S ADDRESS DEAR CLIENTS. COLLEAGUES AND PARTNERS. uncovering new sales markets. and always put quality first. We should not forget. the interests of the state and private investors actually coincide. The creation of a new production facility and new technology from scratch. that creating anything totally new is a costly process. and accumulated by Soviet industry as a whole. the company is developing new lines of business. At the same time we do not rest on our laurels. We are helped in this by a clear vision of market trends. its uniqueness and leading positions will be secured through developing our own. an understanding of the needs of our clients. We tap into the colossal engineering experience of both in-house development. I am convinced that Russian future. Since 1933 we have been engaged in the design and production of engineering equipment. Thanks to an active dialogue with clients and partners. Vladimir Artemov  . I believe that our country has significant potential in the development and creation of new technologies. ensure industrial safety and continually move forward. That said. production and design discipline. powerful production base. and to create and promote new engineering solutions for international markets.

additives for concrete. whiskey • Soft drinks: kvass and carbonated water • Water treatment units • Vacuum Evaporators BUSINESS UNIT “INTERNATIONAL TRADING AND SUPPLY” • Sales of promoter for gasoline octane boosters TAG-SDS and octane boosting mixes • Commodities and industrial equipment trading in ZAVKOM presence regions • Supply ZAVKOM overseas EPC projects with raw material Manufacturing of: • Reactors • Columns • Heat exchangers • Capacity equipment • Oil and gas filters • Tanks and storages • Polymerizers • Nuclear facilities equipment • Metallurgical industry equipment BUSINESS UNIT “R&D CENTER” Research activities in development and production of innovative nanomaterials: • Nano carbon material TAUNIT and its modifications • Promoter for gasoline octane boosters TAG-SDS • Nanographite • Gasoline octane boosting mixes • Additives for motor oil . formaldehyde resin.ZAVKOM STRUCTURE BUSINESS UNIT “PETROCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES” EPC projects: • Refineries (up to 2 mln tonnes per year). vodka. Benzene.3 • Aniline. isopropanol. additives for gasoil • Butadiene-1. dry building mixtures • Construction of pilot plants BUSINESS UNIT “GAS TECHNOLOGIES” Manufacturing of gas processing units and equipment: • Fuel gas filters coalescers • Horizontal filter separators • Multicyclone scrubbers • Two staged scrubbers • Two stage separators • Dust-catchers BUSINESS UNIT “MONTAGE” Services for installation of equipment during construction of new plants and modernization of industrial enterprises BUSINESS UNIT BUSINESS UNIT “BIOTECHNOLOGIES” “MACHINERY CONSTRUCTION” EPC projects: • Deep processing of grains • Aminoacids (Lysin) • Ethanol • Fuel ethanol • Glucose-fructose syrup • Starch • Gluten • DDGS • Enzymes • Feed for livestock and poultry • Beverages: beer. N-Methylaniline. heavy oil processing • Formaldehyde. brandy. glue production units • ETBE / MTBE. Naphthalene • Rectification packaged plants • Epoxy resins. bitumen plants.

BUSINESS UNIT “PETROCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES” .

BUSINESS UNIT “PETROCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES” ZAVKOM is a leading Russian EPC company that constructs turnkey facilities for oil.  5 . manufacture equipment and perform construction and installation work. to reduce the cost of the equipment made at ZAVKOM facilities. We support our clients in getting project financing and loans on privileged conditions from European banks for construction of petrochemical plants. This enables us. ZAVKOM has all certificates and licenses required to render engineering services. and accelerate the process of project implementation when conforming design documentation. which leads to a reduction in capital costs for the customer. including PCS • Procurement of equipment • Construction and installation works • Automation of production lines • Installation supervision • Commissioning ZAVKOM runs 3D-modelling of construction facilities during design plans & specifications preparation. chemical and petrochemical industries in the following areas: • OIL REFINING • CATALYTIC PROCESSES • DISTILLATION AND EVAPORATION PROCESSES • CHEMISTRY FOR TIMBER PROCESSING AND CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS • PROCESSING OF COAL TAR • PILOT PLANTS THE COMPANY PROVIDES A FULL RANGE OF ENGINEERING SERVICES. OUR SERVICES WHEN IMPLEMENTING PROJECTS: • Front end engineering design • Selection of technology licensor • Feasibility study • Basic engineering • Detailed engineering including Plant Control Systems (PCS) • Receipt of permits from government authorities • Manufacture of process equipment on the basis of our own plant • Procurement and assembly of of standartized and custom equipment of local and foreign origin. BEING THE ONLY LEGALLY AND FINANCIALLY RESPONSIBLE ENTITY FOR THE CUSTOMER. An undoubted advantage of our company is the availability of our own fixed equipment manufacturing plant. We collaborate with leading international engineering companies and when implementing projects we are ready to offer advanced engineering solutions from leading licensors. when implementing turnkey projects.

  . if the initial parameters of the oil allow it. allowing for climatic conditions. kerosene becomes the main component of aviation fuel. Oil refineries are designed in accordance with the relevant norms and regulations. may be used as car petrol. The engineering solutions applied in designing a refinery depend directly on the key parameters: 1. guaranteeing reliable operation in the set engineering regimes.6 BUSINESS UNIT “PETROCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES” OIL REFINING OIL REFINERIES ZAVKOM IMPLEMENTS HIGH-TECH EPC PROJECTS FOR REFINING OF OIL AND GAS CONDENSATE. When selecting the process flow and the configuration of equipment. obtained at the crude unit. the following main products may be obtained: gasoline fraction (naphtha). Fuel oil is used as furnace or marine fuel. fuel oil. Diesel is used as a motor fuel if the sulphur content does not exceed the norm. Assortment of goods In line with the customer's requirements. including units for the preliminary and secondary distillation of the oil. Secondary distillation units enhance the quality of the final products and increase oil processing depth. kerosene and others. diesel fraction. after mixing with octane boosters. Capacity 3. In line with customer demand. company specialists elaborate process flow for oil refineries. we offer the most cost-effective and advanced engineering solutions for oil and gas-condensate refining. Naphtha. As a result of the preliminary distillation. emergency protection and automatic process control system. Characteristics of feedstock 2. Process equipment is fitted with the necessary control devices. ZAVKOM collaborates with leading Russian and international engineering companies and R&D facilities. After purification. Crude unit for the preliminary distillation of oil is the first stage in raw hydrocarbons refining.

BUSINESS UNIT “PETROCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES” MINI OIL REFINERIES MINI OIL REFINERIES ARE INSTALLATIONS FOR REFINING RAW HYDROCARBONS WITH A CAPACITY OF UP TO 1 MILLION TONNES OF OIL A YEAR. These units are designed for the production of: • Straight-run petrol • Diesel fuel • Industrial fuel oil Most frequently such installations are located at sites of oil and gas condensate extraction or sites where the consumers of oil products are based. kerosene and motor fuel may be produced at such units. In addition. standards and climatic conditions of the region of construction. ZAVKOM and its partners are prepared to supply oil and gas condensate refining modular instalations. ZAVKOM specialists are prepared to offer several process flows for the most cost-effective and innovative oil refining solutions. The process equipment of the units is designed and manufactured in accordance with existing norms. helping to minimise service per- sonnel.  7 . Configuration of refinery is customized according to customer's demands and depends primarily on the quality of the primary raw material. All units are configured with automatic process control systems. The units offered are made quickly and without significant costs on capital construction. the assumed capacity and the end products required.

waterproofing of housing foundations. • Production of road bitumen from low-resin oil with low content of asphaltenes During design ZAVKOM performs 3D modelling of the sites under construction.  . which allow to reach the high quality level of products with optimal capital expenses. One of the technologies for liquid mixtures separation into components with different boiling temperatures is rectification. calculation and selection of mass-transfer equipment. The field of application of this material is extensive: construction and repair of roads.  In collaboration with leading Russian and international research and engineering companies. This lets us to offer our clients the most energyefficient solutions.8 BUSINESS UNIT “PETROCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES” OIL REFINING BITUMEN PLANTS The increased level of construction in the world means annual growth of bitumen consumption. develops and supplies mass-transfer equipment. production of roofing materials and filling cracks when laying pipelines. Together with leading Russian and foreign R&D institutes ZAVKOM designs. Our company has years of experience in designing and producing column equipment for different technological processes both for upgrading the existing facilities and for newly constructed installations. Bitumen binds the necessary components into a unified structure while preserving the necessary strength and plasticity. ZAVKOM offers a full range of services to provide your business with separation technologies of maximum efficiency including pilot rectification plants for separation processes adjustment. we are prepared to offer turn-key solutions to offer advanced bitumen production technologies: • Production of residual asphalt under technology for the high-vacuum distillation of fuel oil • Production of unoxidised compounded bitumen from asphalts of deasphalting process • Production of oxidised bitumen under the latest energy-saving and environmentally safe technologies with high performance and improved quality indicators for the produced bitumen RECTIFICATION PLANTS The majority of chemical processes for obtaining a highly-enriched product cannot be accomplished without treatment systems.

which is easily transported and may be processed at the oil refinery.BUSINESS UNIT “PETROCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES” HEAVY OIL PROCESSING Geological exploration data indicate that reserves of light oil are decreasing each year. This reduces the value of commodity mix and as result profit of oil companies is decreasing. and road asphalt. which is a stand alone high-demand commercial product. the qualitative parameters of the resulting mix deteriorate. MAIN PROCESS FLOW OF HEAVY OIL PROCESSING AT THE SITE OF EXTRACTION Oil Light distillate Synthetic oil Crude unit Fuel oil Deasphalting Asphalt-free oil Solvent Asphalt Plasticising agent Bitumen production unit Road bitumens 9 . Traditionally. when adding cheaper heavy oil to expensive light oil. two methods are currently used to transport it to sites where it is refined: For heavy oil processing at site of extraction. The refinery produces synthetic oil. a special heavy crude refining complex can be installed. heavy oil is defined as oil with a density of less than 20° API.  • Mixing with light petroleum to reduce viscosity for subsequent transportation and refining • Processing of heavy crude at the site of extraction while synthetic oil obtained as a result The first option is the least cost effective. while the share of refined crude oil is increasing. As heavy crude cannot be transported by pipelines given its viscosity and can not be refined at existing oil refineries.

The conditions and equipment for obtaining ETBE are the same as for MTBE. hydrocarbons by 7-8%). which significantly enhances the safety of its storage and use. The advantage of ETBE over MTBE is that ethyl alcohol is used to produce ETBE. ETBE has a high research octane number – 109-113. improves the economic and power characteristics of engines and reduces harmful emissions (carbon monoxide by 15-30%. ETBE is a so-called oxygenic additive for gasoline.  . During heating it can decompose into isobutylene and ethyl alcohol. MTBE is produced by using isobutylene or a butane-butylene fraction obtained from the reforming stage at refinery and methanol in the presence of acid catalysts. The introduction of this additive is especially effective for straight-run petrols and catalytic cracking petrols. ZAVKOM possesses latest technologies for the production of octane booster additives. our R&D centre designs cost-effective and advanced engineering solutions. Its use decreases the volatility of the petrol mixture and reduces the carbon monoxide content in exhaust gases. plant-based raw material.10 BUSINESS UNIT “PETROCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES” CATALYTIC PROCESSES MTBE AND ETBE Methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) is an effective. unlike many other simple ethers. which is obtained from a renewable. Additives such as MTBE enable the production of high-octane petrol using base gasoline. Isobutylene and ethyl alcohol are synthesized at a temperature lower than 100°C and a pressure of 1-2 MPa in the presence of acid catalysts. it does not form peroxide compounds. Ethyl-tert-butyl ether (ETBE) is a simple ether. Together with our partners we are well placed to offer the turnkey construction of MTBE and ETBE production plants in accordance with customer requests. The introduction of MTBE into petrol in the amount of 10-15% by volume significantly raises the antiknock rating of petrols. non-toxic and high-octane component that is added to gasoline. The speed of the decomposing increases in the presence of acid catalysts. Its chemical properties are typical for this class of compounds but.

  ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL Isopropyl alcohol (propanol-2. whose first priority is to find the most economically feasible solution for the customer. MMA is also used as a raw material for organic synthesis and as an interim product for dyes. • The reaction produces no byproducts (polymers). dimethylcarbinol. some synthetic resins and others) and is used in the synthesis of isopropyl benzene. Taking into account the technical regularion of Eurasia Economic Union which limits the use of MMA in Euro 4 and Euro 5 fuels.5-2. has developed an innovative technology for the synthesis of isopropyl alcohol from acetone. ZAVKOM. The key industrial method for obtaining isopropanol is sulphuric acid hydration of propylene.  11 . ADVANTAGES OF THE PROPOSED TECHNOLOGY: • Degree of conversion – 100%. Mixing monomethylaniline with straight-run petrol produces high-quality unleaded petrol with the required octane number. 2-propanol. • Process selectivity – 98% • The synthesis takes places in a medium of hydrogen in a tube reactor • Softer process conditions (the pressure in the process is 70% lower) compared with older technologies. It is widely used as a technical alcohol (in glass and office equipment cleaning agents. A special catalyst was developed for this technology with the optimum engineering conditions to optimise the costs. IPA) is an elementary secondary monatomic alcohol of the aliphatic series. as an industrial solvent (it dissolves many ether oils. together with its partners. many companies endeavour to find solutions to optimise the process of producing high-octane petrol. isopropanol. our specialists have designd an alternative additive 'ZAVKOM Premium' which is no less effective than MMA. The propane-propylene fraction with a 30-90% propylene content (fraction of pyrolysis and cracking of oil) and pure propylene are both used as a raw material.). MMA. alkaloids. specifically by: • Enhancing the stability of the petrol. The engineering solution for the construction of an MMA production line is selected with the assistance of our top specialists. N-MA) is an octane booster widely used in the production of petrol. isopropyl toluene and acetone. N-MA improves the operational properties of the petrol. including during transportation and storage • Reducing the cost of petrol storage tank maintenance • Reducing petrol consumption by 5-7% • Reducing the toxicity of exhaust gases (CO and CH) by 20-30% ZAVKOM has innovative technologies for the production both of N-MA and integrated petrol additives based on N-MA and oxygenates. both as a standalone component and for the production of multifunctional compositions of petrol additives. making savings with no loss of quality. On the addition of just 1. etc.5% to petrol. depending upon the hydrocarbon composition of the initial fuel and other additives used.BUSINESS UNIT “PETROCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES” N-METHYLANILINE N-methylaniline (monomethylaniline. In the age of state-of-the-art technologies. In addition to this. monomethylaniline increases its octane number on average by 6 points.

g/cm3 960 − 970 Viscosity (100оС) mm2/s 1. during the course of which nitric acid is used with a concentration of about 60%. which has to be regenerated.1.6 mg/L . developed by ZAVKOM applies an adiabatic continuous process of nitration.05% Acidity. number Not more than 1. ZAVKOM and its' partners can offer a modern 2-EHN extraction technology which is superior to the existing traditional technologies. The dosage of the additives depends on the fractional composition and the properties of the fuel that have to be achieved.  Some important shortcomings of this technology are the presence of a large amount of effluent that has to be reclaimed.5 Humidity Not more than 0. The presence of 2-EHN in fuel. QUALITATIVE INDICATORS OF THE 2-EHN OBTAINED INDICATOR Appearance Colourless or transparent yellow liquid Purity At least 98% Density (20°С).70 .12 BUSINESS UNIT “PETROCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES” CATALYTIC PROCESSES ADDITIVES FOR DIESEL FUELS 2-ETHYLHEXYLNITRATE (2-EHN) 2-ethylhexylnitrate is an additive for diesel fuels. makes it easier to ignite. reduces the hardness of the diesel. which increases the cetane number. reduces fuel consumption and improves the environmental performance: it reduces the smokiness of exhaust gases and the content of toxic components. where the reaction is hard to manage. A common industrial technology for the production of 2-EHN is nitration of 2-ethylhexanol with a mixture of sulphuric and nitric acids. the process of synthesis may be stopped and then restarted at any moment. the process is carried out not in tank reactors. and also the presence of sulphuric acid. but in dynamic equipment.80 Flash point At least 76 Colority. with the target product first being washed with water and then with an alkali solution. When using this technology. which ensures the requisite level of manageability and safety. At the same time. in addition to improving the combustibility. The technology. ZAVKOM technology enables a 95% drop in the volume of runoff water and avoids the need for treatment facilities for spent acids that have to be regenerated and concentrated. mg KOH/100 mL Not more than 6 Solubility in water at 20°С 12.

At the second stage. The traditional industrial method for obtaining butadiene in the petrochemical industry is dehydrogenation of butane on chromia-alumina catalysts. butadiene (the closest equivalent is the Lebedev process. It is used in the production of methyl diisocyanates (MDI) and to make artificial rubbers. butadiene rubbers still maintain stable demand. ZAVKOM selects the most cost-effective and advanced engineering solution as per the customer's request. ADVANTAGES OF THE PROPOSED TECHNOLOGY: • The developed catalyst helps to achieve a selectivity of 82% in terms of the target product.BUSINESS UNIT “PETROCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES” DIVINYL Divinyl (1. herbicides.3-butadiene) is a key semi-product in the production of synthetic rubbers and ABS plastics. the entire process is conducted in a single stage • The process is performed at a fairly low temperature. We have designed a catalyst and selected optimal technological conditions which allowed to optimize expences due to the fact that 95% of vynilethilen is prepared as a subproduct of ethylene sythesis. which gives a selectivity of under 60%) • Using the new polyfunctional catalyst. thus considerably reducing energy costs compared with the nearest equivalents • The proposed technology uses a renewable raw material instead of a petrochemical one. which reduces the consumer's dependence on the oil price. ZAVKOM specialists have developed a technology of butadien synthesis for industrial application. explosives and medicines (sulphanilamide preparations). as a result of which there is a deficit of butadiene on the market.  13 . dyes and semiproducts in the production of dyes. At the first stage. This process makes butadien-ethanol synthesis more competitive. The reorientation toward a lighter raw material during ethylene synthesis causes a drop in the quantity of the butadiene produced. an elemental aromatic amine. Aniline is industrially obtained in two stages. the nitrobenzene is hydrated in the presence of catalysts until aniline is obtained. ZAVKOM specialists have designed industrial technology for liquid and vapor phase hydrogenation.  ANILINE Aniline (phenylamine) is an organic compound. Nitrobenzene hydrogenation is performed both during vapor and liquid phases. At the same time. We are well placed to offer the turnkey construction of aniline production plants. benzene is nitrated by a mix of concentrated nitric and sulphuric acids. and new ways of obtaining it need to be sought. forming nitrobenzene as a result.

carbamide. otherwise unachievable when using traitional resins.14 BUSINESS UNIT “PETROCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES” CHEMISTRY FOR TIMBER PROCESSING FORMALDEHYDE RESINS Formaldehyde resins (phenol-formaldehyde resin. modified with carbamide. developed in line with the individual requirements of the customer. carbamide. KEY ADVANTAGES OF THE PROPOSED TECHNOLOGY: • Stable quality of products from batch to batch due to the use of highly effective equipment and PCS • Synthesis of low-toxic resins with high water resistance and with a spatial structure of polymers • High product quality • Production of laminated chipboard of E1-E0 emission class • Precision dosing of components with an error margin of less than 1% • Highly effective mixing of components • Automated production process control • Human factor is wholly excluded • Programmed setting of formulae (the number of formulae is not limited programmatically) and data archiving • All stages of the process are under the technologist's control We are well placed to additionaly provide formulae for resins. melamine resins. structure and properties of phenol-formaldehyde resins are determined by nature. hybrid resins) are synthetic resins with the properties of thermosetting materials or duroplastics. etc. aminoformaldehyde resins. etc. melamine-formaldehyde resins. phenol-formaldehyde resins.). temperature. It will allow to generate extra income and increase the quality of resins as well as secure stable supply for resin production facilities. melamine). The quality of the resin depends on the modifier (for example phenol. carbamide.). type and quantity of catalyst. melamine. They are liquid or solid oligomeric products of the polycondensation of phenol.  . ZAVKOM also offers the construction of installations for the production of formaldehyde and carbamideformaldehyde concentrate to provide raw material in the production of resins and achieve the optimal technical and economic indicators. carbamide-formaldehyde resin. The composition. by the ratio of the initial components and by the conditions of the synthesis (medium. and formaldehyde mixtures respectively. ZAVKOM performs the design and turnkey construction of process lines for the production of formaldehyde resins and units for the production of adhesive compositions on their basis for the timber processing and construction industries. These types of resins allow to guarantee specific demands. Modified and hybrid formaldehyde resins are formaldehyde resins in the synthesis of which modifiers are used at various stages (phenol.

for the production of polymer thermosetting materials (phenol-formaldehyde. from 1 to 6 loose components and up to 4 liquid components) • Fully automated control of the production process (raw material is loaded into the installation once a day) • Human factor is excluded • Automation of the process of filling the holding tanks on rolls with an adhesive composition. etc. etc.) for the preservation of biological materials (the creation of anatomical and other preparations). carbamide-formaldehyde and melamine-formaldehyde resins) and is used in industrial organic synthesis for the production of pentaerithritol. as a tanning agent in leather production. return of excess adhesive • Precision dosing of components with an error margin of less than 1% • Programmed setting of formulae for preparing adhesive compositions (the number of formulae is not limited programmatically) and data archiving • Highly effective mixing of components of adhesive compositions in a specially designed dissolving tank • All stages of the adhesive composition preparation process are under the technologist's control  • Embedded system for cooling the resins to 15-200ºС in order to improve the quality indicators of the end adhesive product FORMALIN AND UREA-FORMALDEHYDE CONCENTRATE (UFC) Formalin is an aqueous solution of formaldehyde. It is also used to treat urea against caking and in the timber processing and furniture industry for the production of composite board. It is one of the most important sources of formaldehyde and urea in the production of urea-formaldehyde and melamine-urea-formaldehyde resins.BUSINESS UNIT “PETROCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES” GLUE PRODUCTION UNITS ZAVKOM performs the turnkey construction of installations for the preparation of adhesive compositions based on various adhesive resins. UFC is an aqueous solution of formaldehyde. THE PROPOSED INSTALLATIONS HAVE THE FOLLOWING FEATURES: • Ability to work with different formulae (under agreement. It is used as an antiseptic (formidron. stabilised with urea. chipboard. stabilised with methanol. Urea-formaldehyde concentrate is obtained in practically the same way as formalin. only the formaldehyde-containing gas is absorbed by a solution of urea. trimethylol propane and others. formagel. 15 . not by water as in the case of formalin. ZAVKOM together with its european partner offers the turnkey construction of formalin and UFC production plants.

melamine sulpho-acids with formaldehyde (SMF). Super-plasticising agents are usually divided into four groups: the products of the condensation of Sulphonated Naphthalene Formaldehyde (polynafthalenesulphonate – PNS). If neccesary it is possible to design and transfer recipes for a full set of additives. modified lignosulphonates (MLS) and other substances. carbohydrates. columns and bridge spanning structures) and reinforced concrete items • when manufacturing structural and heatinsulation light concretes simultaneously with air-entraining additives to reduce the water content under optimum hardness and tempering moisture of concrete prepared on fine aggregates (ash and ash-slag mixture of heat and power plants. pumpability. reduction of water. the manufacture on stands of solid. including the ethers of sulpho-acids. to reduce the number of movement joints • in the production of assembled structures from high-strength concrete. The most effective of them are PNS which produced in the form of sodium salts.and solution-separation. etc. • when erecting all types of constructions (including hydrotechnical structures. THE ADDITIVES PRODUCED FOR CONCRETE AND SOLUTIONS CAN BE APPLIED AS FOLLOWS: • in the production of commercial-grade concrete to obtain high-mobility and cast concrete mixes with greater lifetime used in erecting cast-in-place structures with a high degree of reinforcement and complex configuration • in the construction of all types of cast-inplace structures from heavy and fine-grained concrete. road and airport surfaces) from cast-in-place concrete under enhanced requirements for frost resistance.  . expanded perlite sand and others) for manufacturing coatings with high operating properties etc. beams. etc. and concretes on porous aggregate for long-term transportation and laying of the concrete mix. waterproofing and corrosion resistance • when erecting solid cast-in-place structures from high-strength concrete when the heat emission during hardening of the concrete has to be reduced or slowed to avoid the accumulation of internal stresses • when erecting flat and long structures.16 BUSINESS UNIT “PETROCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES” CHEMISTRY FOR CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS ADDITIVES FOR CONCRETE Additives for concrete (plasticising and super-plasticising agents) are additives used to change the characteristics of the concrete mixture: workability. adjustment of losses in the mobility of the mix over time. high-density reinforced structures (such as girders. ZAVKOM together with its european partner offers turnkey construction of plants for the production of entry-level additives for concrete.

which conform to the EPOXY RESINS Epoxy resins are oligomeric products of the polycondensation of epichlorohydrin with polyatomic phenols. alcohols. water and chemical resistance and excellent dielectric indicators. Current demand for dry building mixes is growing.BUSINESS UNIT “PETROCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES” DRY BUILDING MIXES Modern dry building mixes are a high-tech product. which cannot be achieved using regular cement and sand mixes. oligomers and polymers. with mineral and organic fillers. Their use not only significantly increases labour efficiency. glass. The engineering. and by mechanical strength. A distinguishing feature of these installations is their reliability and the release of highquality products that satisfy all modern requirements.   17 .  ZAVKOM designs and manufactures installations for the production of dry building mixes. resins vary due to their combination with different monomers. adhesives and fillers. lacquers and expanded foam. limestone flour and powdery chalk. The newest high-tech equipment from leading international manufacturers. polyamines. The basis of dry building mixes is often sand or powdery quartz. sealants. containing at least two olefinic bonds. Epoxy resins are used as the basis for high-strength bonds. heat. helps to achieve the very best quality of dry building mixes at ZAVKOM facilities. and many construction organisations try to make dry building mixes independently. procuring inexpensive equipment with the required output capacity for this purpose. Hardened epoxy resins are characterised by high adhesion to metals. combined with ongoing research. and for treating electrical insulation compounds. concrete and other materials. needs of the market. polybasic acids and products of the epoxidation (meaning the introduction of epoxy groups) of compounds. physical and mechanical properties of compositions on the basis of epoxy ZAVKOM together with its european partner (patent holder of resin receipts) is prepared offer a turn-key construction of facilites for epoxy resins production. but helps to achieve excellent qualitative results.

including coal tar. In accordance with customer requirements. Derivatives of naphthalene are used to obtain dyes and explosives. in medicine. Benzene forms part of the composition of petrol. Depending on the further use. as an insecticide.18 BUSINESS UNIT “PETROCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES” PROCESSING OF COAL TAR BENZENE ZAVKOM offers a package of services for the turnkey construction of production installations for high quality benzene from feed stock. THE KEY ADVANTAGES OF ZAVKOM'S INSTALLATIONS FOR PURIFICATION AND REPROCESSING OF NAPHTHALENE ARE: • High output of commercial naphthalene • High reliability of equipment • High quality of commercial naphthalene • Low energy consumption • Automated process  . on an industrial scale it is synthesised from other components thereof. The separation unit installation allows to effectively solve such tasks as desulfurization. and refined naphthalene extraction technology by using fraction crystallization method provided by ZAVKOM partner. Currently ZAVKOM posesses a separation technology for preparing commercial products (solvents. Separation method is based on high-efficient rectification. cumene.  NAPHTHALENE Naphthalene is one of the most important components in the chemical industry. It is obtained at domestic coke and chemical plants by way of compression moulding and partially with rectification. nitorbenzene. chlorobenzene and others. Although benzene forms part of the composition of crude oil. it is widely used in industry and is a primary raw material in the production of medicines. we offer the most cost-effective and advanced engineering solution for the production of benzene. Benzene is also used for the synthesis of ethyl benzene. cyclohexane. various plastics. naphthalene is devided into technical naphthalene with 98. synthetic rubber and dyes.5% of concentration to receive polynaphthalenesulphate and refined naphthalene with concentration above 99% for coloring agent sythesis and pharmacology. and for other purposes. The extact technology for benzene extraction may be adjusted to the specifics of raw material. to produce additives for concrete. etc. Pure naphthalene is a product of the reprocessing of technical-grade pressed naphthalene or concentrated naphthalene fraction. Benzene is an elemental aromatic hydrocarbon. ZAVKOM offers turnkey construction of installations for reprocessing naphthalene fraction into technical naphthalene by rectification with the use of propietary technology. linear alkyl benzenes. benzene) from coal naftha. toluene.

ZAVKOM OFFERS THE FOLLOWING SERVICES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF PILOT INSTALLATIONS: • Development and optimisation of process flow • Design and optimization of key machines • Elaboration of control automation chart • Elaboration of design • 3D chart visualisation • Equipment manufacture • Procurement • Assembly 3D-visualisation of the experimental installations significantly simplifies subsequent assembly and avoids design errors.BUSINESS UNIT “PETROCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES” CONSTRUCTION OF PILOT PLANTS ADVANTAGES OF PILOT INSTALLATIONS: • THE PROCESS FLOW OF A PILOT PLANT IS EASY TO AMEND • THE DESIGN OF THE PLANT ENSURES UNIMPEDED ACCESS TO ALL UNITS • THE EQUIPMENT USED ENSURES PROCESS FLEXIBILITY A pilot plant is a critical element in the large-scale transition from a "test-tube" process to a full industrial installation. Conducting experiments and processing experimental data at pilot installations enables the process to be scaled and optimised for full-scale industrial installation.  19 . Successful tests performed at pilot installations guarantee the successful introduction of technical and engineering innovations on an industrial scale.

20 BUSINESS UNIT “R&D CENTER” .

• Nano carbon material TAUNIT and its modifications • Promoter for gasoline octane boosters TAG-SDS • Nanographite • Gasoline octane boosting mixes and "ZAVKOMPremium" agents • Additives for motor oil The principal objective of the business unit is the development of technologies for the broad industrial introduction of nano-materials.  . The division collaborates with research centres and production companies. significantly improving the features of various materials and promoting the advent of completely new capabilities in different fields and the appearance of a whole range of new facilities. production and introduction of nano-materials and products that are synthesised on their basis. The research results show that unique properties of nano-materials can find a broad practical application in science and industry.21 ZAVKOM "R&D Center" conducts successful scientific research work in the development. facilitating the development of new-generation technology. The quality of the developed technologies and equipment is supported by patents. We do everything possible to ensure that nano-materials and products that are synthesised on their basis increase the effectiveness of the modern production process and yield a qualitatively new result in different sectors of industry. Approbation of the developed nano-materials and products is carried out at various levels of the research in more than 150 scientific and production organisations in Russia and abroad.

22 BUSINESS UNIT “INTERNATIONAL TRADING AND SUPPLY” .

Asia and the Middle East. casing. IT IS ENGAGED IN THE FOLLOWING LINES OF BUSINESS: 1) Sales of the following ZAVKOM R&D Centre products: • Promoter for gasoline octane boosters TAG-SDS • Gasoline octane boosting mixes • Additives for motor oils 2) Commodities and industrial equipment trading in ZAVKOM presence regions: • Crude oil • Oil products (gasoline. fuel oil. kerosene) • Petrochemical products • Metals • Coal • Grain and biotechnology products • Equipment for oil and gas industry (pipes.  . CIS countries. upstream equipment) 3) Supply ZAVKOM overseas EPC projects with raw material Business Unit "International Trading and Supply" operates through the company's representative offices in the European Union. guaranteeing product quality and timely supply.23 Business Unit "International Trading and Supply" is one of the main drivers in the development of the company's international business. gasoil. Since 1933 ZAVKOM has been collaborating with leading Russian and international commodities companies.

. commissioning and repair of equipment and certificates of conformity for all equipment produced. installation. manufacture. we use advanced manufacturing technologies and implement quality management in accordance with the requirements of ISO 9001:2000. ZAVKOM has licences for design. We design and manufacture pressure vessels and apparatus in accordance with the requirements of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).24 PRODUCT QUALITY ASSURANCE In order to create equipment that is competitive on the international market.

25 OUR CLIENTS JOINT STOCK COMPANY KAZANORGSINTEZ .

26 OUR COMPANY .

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com REPRESENTATIVE OFFICES IN ASIA: People's Republic of China Beijing. 32 E-mail: eu@zavkomgroup. 7 E-mail: china@zavkomgroup. E-mail: vietnam@zavkomgroup. Liberty House E-mail: uae@zavkomgroup. Xueqing street.com REPRESENTATIVE OFFICE IN EUROPE: Czech Republic Prague. 2 E-mail: cis@zavkomgroup.com Islamic Republic of Iran Tehran. Kovaku street. 408 . Sadr alley. Vali Asr street.REPRESENTATIVE OFFICES 3 OFFICE IN MOSCOW: The Russian Federation 117105. Moscow.com REPRESENTATIVE OFFICE IN THE CIS: Republic of Belarus Minsk. Melnikaite street.com REPRESENTATIVE OFFICES IN THE MIDDLE EAST: United Arab Emirates Dubai. Varshavskoe highway.com . Dai La Street.com Vietnam Hanoi. 62 E-mail: iran@zavkomgroup. 1 E-mail: moscow@zavkomgroup.A1.

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Sovetskaya Street. The Russian Federation.CONTACTS HEADQUARTERS 392000. Tambov city. 51 Tel: +7 4752 79 35 45 Fax: +7 4752 70 35 25 E-mail: petrochem@zavkomgroup.com WWW.ZAVKOMGROUP.COM .