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AUTO METRO TRAIN TO SHUTTLE BETWEEN STATIONS

ABSTRACT
Everyone in the metro cities like Kolkata, Delhi enjoying the luxuries of the metro
train ever spared a thought about the train? No, then let me give you a brief idea about the
driverless automatic driven and controlled train. But before that let us have a brief recall
about types of metro automation.
The Driver Controlled Mode: In conventional modes, its the manual driver who drives the
train and controls the train motion using the stationary light signals.
The Partially Automatic Mode: In this mode, the driver drives the train while an external
control system is used to constantly monitor the speed and acceleration of the train and
provide required feedback to the driver.
Driverless Mode: The whole operation and maintenance of the train is done automatically
without any human intervention. The train stops and starts automatically and the doors are
closed and opened automatically.
So, now let us fix our attention to the last mode i.e. The Driverless Mode
The design will include the following components:
o

A sliding door motor prototype

A train engine motor

A couple of IR LED and photodiode arrangement

A control circuitry using a Microcontroller

Buzzer driver circuit with buzzer

9/12 battery for power supply

Working of the Basic Prototype:


Whenever the train arrives at the station it stops automatically, as sensed by an IR sensor.
Then the door is opens automatically so that the passengers can go inside the train. The door
then closes after a prescribed time set in the controller by the program.
Displaying the status of the train over an LCD screen for the convenience

BLOCK DIAGRAM

Buzzer driver
circuit with
buzzer

Advantages:
1. Easy way of transport from and to remote area
2. Fully air conditioning trains
3. By using the automatic train systems we can travel a safe journey
4. High speed technology
5. Modernity
6. Accessibility

Disadvantages:
1.

Expensive

2.

Disturbance

3.

Loss of control
Conclusion:
So, now I have given a basic prototype design, just spare a thought for how the actual
automatic metros trains in our country are controlled?