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FINAL REPORT

Kent Hills Wind Farm Expansion


2012 (Year 2) Post-Construction
Monitoring Program

Prepared for:
TransAlta Corporation
110-12TH Avenue SW
PO Box 1900 Station M
Calgary AB T2P 2M1

Project No. 121810629


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KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

In 2012, Stantec Consulting Ltd. (Stantec) was retained by TransAlta Corporation (TransAlta) to
undertake Year 2 of the bird and bat post-construction monitoring program (the Program) for the
Kent Hills Wind Farm Expansion Project (the Expansion) near Prosser Brook, in Albert County,
New Brunswick. Post-construction monitoring was completed in 2009 and 2010 on the initial
phase of the wind farm which began commercial operation in December 2008 (Stantec
Consulting Ltd. 2010, 2011). The Expansion phase of the wind farm began commercial service
in December 2010 and consists of 18, 3.0 megawatt (MW) wind turbines. A protocol for the
Program was developed by TransAlta in consultation with the New Brunswick Department of
Natural Resources (NBDNR) and the Canadian Wildlife Service, as required by one of the
Conditions of Approval following completion of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
registration of the Expansion. Year 1 (2011) results are documented in Kent Hills Wind Farm
Expansion 2011 Post-Construction Monitoring Program report (Stantec Consulting Ltd. 2012).
Year 2 of the Program consisted of bird and bat casualty surveys and bird monitoring, a repeat
of the previous years program. Casualty surveys were conducted for 27 weeks in spring,
summer and fall, and consisted of casualty searches, searcher efficiency trials and scavenger
impact trials. Bird monitoring consisted of breeding bird surveys conducted twice in June.
Casualty searches were undertaken weekly during spring (mid-April to mid-June), summer (midJune to mid-August) and fall (mid-August to mid-October) periods. A sample of 10 of the 18
expansion wind turbines were selected for surveying, which was representative of the spatial
extent of the wind farm expansion, lit and unlit turbines and habitat types. Casualty searches
were conducted in a spiral search pattern using two searchers and a 57 metre (m) length of
rope attached to the turbine tower. Each casualty encountered was identified and retained for
future examination and species confirmation. Casualties in good condition were also used for
searcher efficiency and scavenger removal trials. Information recorded for each casualty
included its locations, recorded by a handheld Global Positioning System (GPS), distance and
direction from the tower, substrate on which it was found, and the condition of the casualty.
Searcher efficiency trials were carried out once per season for each search team, and were
designed to correct for carcasses that may be overlooked by searchers during the survey
periods. The results were used to estimate the number of bird and bat casualties and correct for
detection bias. Searcher efficiency trials were conducted in a blind manner, whereby the search
team did not know which search plot contained the trial carcass or how many trial carcasses
were deployed. Carcasses were placed by someone other than the searchers within one of the
circular plots prior to the search team completing the casualty searches. After the casualty
search was complete the number of test carcasses remaining in the search plot was
determined to establish the searcher efficiency rate.
Scavenger impact trials were carried out in order to determine the rate at which bat and bird
carcasses were removed by local scavenging wildlife, insects and/or decomposition. These
trials were conducted once in each of the three seasons. Typically, one each of quail or silver-

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KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

laced wyandottes chick and rat were placed at five locations in representative habitat.
Scavenger impact trials were carried out for a maximum of seven days. A scavenger impact trial
form was completed in order to record weather data, the day of carcass placement and level of
scavenging or removal during each subsequent daily check.
Bird monitoring consisted of breeding bird surveys conducted twice in June 2012. The 20 sites
surveyed during pre-construction conditions during the EIA process were resurveyed in 2011
and again in 2012. The 2012 surveys were conducted using the same methodology, thus
allowing for direct comparison of the results between pre-construction and two years of postconstruction conditions. The use of each area by breeding birds were determined during 10minute point counts.
The results of the 2012 casualty searches yielded low mortality rates, similar to rates recorded
in 2009 and 2010 for the initial phase of the wind farm, and in 2011 for the Expansion. In 2012,
a total of four bird carcasses and one bat carcass were located during the 27-week monitoring
period. The bat observed during 2012 casualty searches was an eastern red bat (Lasiurus
borealis), potentially a species of conservation concern (S2? with undetermined general status;
AC CDC 2012, CESCC 2011); all bird species as casualties are common and widespread in the
region. When the mortality estimate correction equation is applied to these numbers, taking into
account scavenger impact trial and searcher efficiency trial results, the estimated number of bird
and bat mortalities for the 27-week monitoring program in 2012 is 1.01 birds per turbine (or 0.34
birds per MW) and 0.25 bats per turbine (or 0.08 bats per MW).
Observations made during the breeding surveys are comparable to those made during preconstruction surveys in 2009 and post-construction surveys in 2011, and are typical of the area.
During the breeding bird surveys of 2012, 32 bird species were observed, compared to
41 species observed during the breeding bird surveys carried out during pre-construction
surveys in June 2009, and 34 species in 2011. A cumulative total of 47 species over the three
years were recorded and of which 24 species were encountered all three years.
Changes in bird density (i.e., actual change in density and percent change in density) from preconstruction (2009) to post-construction (2012), based on distance to nearest turbine
(i.e., separately by actual distance in metres and by distance category: near 0 to 250 m,
medium 251 to 500 m, far >500 m), were examined using an analysis of variance (ANOVA).
Results of the ANOVA examining the changes in densities between the 2009 and 2012
breeding bird survey results indicate that there was a significant difference in the absolute and
percent change in bird density (2012 compared to 2009 results) with distance to nearest turbine
(p<0.01), by actual distance, but not by distance category (p=0.08). Results of an ANOVA of
changes in densities of the four most common species (Black-throated Blue Warbler, Blackthroated Green Warbler, Ovenbird and Red-eyed Vireo) from pre-construction to postconstruction, based on the distance to nearest turbine, found a significant increase (p<0.05) in
the density of Black-throated Green Warbler and Ovenbird between 2009 and 2012.
The only Endangered or Threatened bird species as listed in the Species at Risk Act (SARA)
encountered during 2012 surveys was a single Chimney Swift (Threatened under SARA;

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KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM
DRAFT FOR REGULATORY REVIEW

Government of Canada 2012) recorded as a flyover (i.e., no breeding evidence) during a


breeding bird point count survey. The bat recorded during the casualty surveys is a tree roosting
bat (Lasiurus sp), which have an S-Rank of S2? and undetermined general status. No other
species of conservation concern (i.e. ranked by the Atlantic Canada Conservation Data Centre
(AC CDC 2012) as S1, S2, or S3 and ranked as Sensitive or May Be At Risk by the Canadian
Endangered Species Conservation Council (CESCC 2011)) were identified during the 2012
casualty surveys.
Impacts to birds and migrating bats were expected to be low following the results of the preconstruction monitoring work at the Kent Hills Wind Farm Expansion; the results of the postconstruction monitoring results from 2011 and 2012 (Expansion) as well as from the two
previous years for the first 32 turbines support that conclusion. The National Wind Coordinating
Collaborative (NWCC) provides a summary of studies conducted at more than 60 wind farms
throughout North America. Results from this summary report show that estimates of bird
casualties have been found to be fairly consistent in that 42 of the 63 studies report casualties
of 3 casualties per MW per year (Strickland et al., 2011). In comparison, the estimated
casualty rate of birds in 2011 at the Kent Hils Expansion was found to be low at 0.34 birds per
MW for the 27-week monitoring period. With respect to bats, of the 66 studies reported in
Strickland et al. (2011) that provided estimates of bat casualties, most wind farms (54) report
bat casualties <10 casualties per MW per year, and range from 0.07 to 39.7 bat casualties per
MW per year. In comparison, the estimated casualty rate of bats at the Kent Hills Expansion in
2012 is 0.08 bats per MW for the 27-week monitoring period.

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KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

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KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

TABLE OF CONTENTS
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

E.1

1.0 INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................ 1


1.1 BACKGROUND .................................................................................................................. 1
1.1.1
Location and Habitat ............................................................................................ 1
1.1.2
Birds ..................................................................................................................... 2
1.1.3
Bats ...................................................................................................................... 2
1.2 MONITORING PROGRAM ................................................................................................. 2
2.0 METHODOLOGY................................................................................................................ 5
2.1 CASUALTY SURVEYS ....................................................................................................... 5
2.1.1
Casualty Searches ............................................................................................... 5
2.1.2
Searcher Efficiency Trials ..................................................................................... 9
2.1.3
Scavenger Impact Trials ......................................................................................11
2.2 BIRD MONITORING ..........................................................................................................12
2.2.1
Breeding Bird Surveys .........................................................................................12
3.0 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION...........................................................................................14
3.1 CASUALTY SURVEYS ......................................................................................................14
3.1.1
Searcher Efficiency Trials ....................................................................................14
3.1.1.1 Spring..................................................................................................................14
3.1.1.2 Summer ..............................................................................................................14
3.1.1.3 Fall ......................................................................................................................14
3.1.1.4 Overall.................................................................................................................14
3.1.2
Scavenger Impact Trials ......................................................................................15
3.1.2.1 Spring..................................................................................................................15
3.1.2.2 Summer ..............................................................................................................15
3.1.2.3 Fall ......................................................................................................................16
3.1.2.4 Overall.................................................................................................................16
3.1.3
Casualty Searches ..............................................................................................17
3.1.3.1 Birds ....................................................................................................................17
3.1.3.2 Bats .....................................................................................................................19
3.1.4
Time Period .........................................................................................................20
3.1.5
Per Turbine .........................................................................................................20
3.1.6
Distance from Turbines .......................................................................................20
3.2 BIRD MONITORING ..........................................................................................................21
3.2.1
Breeding Bird Surveys .........................................................................................21
3.3 SPECIES OF CONSERVATION CONCERN .....................................................................27
4.0 CONCLUSION ...................................................................................................................29
5.0 REFERENCES ..................................................................................................................32
5.1 LITERATURE CITED .........................................................................................................32
5.2 PERSONAL COMMUNICATIONS .....................................................................................33

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KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

LIST OF TABLES
Table 2.1
Table 3.1
Table 3.2
Table 3.3
Table 3.4
Table 3.5
Table 3.6
Table 3.7
Table 3.8
Table 3.9
Table 3.10
Table 3.11
Table 3.12
Table 4.1

Carcass Condition Categories.............................................................................. 6


Number of Carcasses Remaining at Each Visit Spring Trial ............................ 15
Number of Carcasses Remaining at Each Visit Summer Trials ....................... 15
Number of Carcasses Remaining at Each Visit Fall Trial ................................ 16
Overall Proportion of Carcasses Not Removed by Scavengers.......................... 16
Carcasses Found During the Program, 2012 ..................................................... 17
Corrected Estimates for Bird Casualties ............................................................. 18
Corrected Estimates for Bat Casualties.............................................................. 19
Distance Range of 2012 Casualties from Turbines (m) ...................................... 20
Maximum Number and Density of Birds Recorded at Point Counts in
2009, 2011, and 2012. ....................................................................................... 23
Number and Density of Birds in 2009, 2011, and 2012 by Distance from
Turbines ............................................................................................................. 25
Results of ANOVA of Breeding Bird Densities (2009 compared to 2012) ........... 26
Results of ANOVA of Change in Densities of Selected Bird Species.................. 27
Mortality Rates Comparison within Kent Hills Wind Farm ................................... 29

LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1.1
Figure 2.1

Project Location ................................................................................................... 3


Searched Turbines and Breeding Bird Survey Locations ..................................... 7

LIST OF APPENDICES
Appendix A
Appendix B
Appendix C
Appendix D
Appendix E
Appendix F
Appendix G

ii

Protocol
Wildlife Collection Permits
Detailed Calculations
Field Data Collection Forms
Mortality Surveys Results
Breeding Bird Surveys Results
Breeding Bird Summary of Species by Point Count Location

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KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

1.0

INTRODUCTION

In December 2010, TransAlta Corporation (TransAlta) began operation of the Kent Hills Wind
Farm Expansion Project (the Expansion) near Prosser Brook, in Albert County, New Brunswick
(Figure 1.1). The Expansion facility consists of 18, 3.0 MW Vestas V90 wind turbine generators
with a combined nameplate capacity of 54 megawatt (MW). The initial phase of the wind farm
consists of 32 3.0 MW wind turbines, with the Expansion bringing the overall Kent Hills Wind
Farm to a combined nameplate capacity of 150 MW.
The Expansion was subject to the Clean Environment Act, and an Environmental Impact
Assessment (EIA) registration was completed prior to construction. TransAlta received a
Certificate of Determination for this EIA on December 18, 2009. One of the conditions of
approval of the Expansion was the undertaking of bird and bat post-construction monitoring at
the site over two years. A protocol for the required monitoring was developed in consultation
with the New Brunswick Department of Natural Resources (NBDNR) and the Canadian Wildlife
Service (CWS), and is provided as Appendix A. The following provides the results of Year 2
(2012) of the post-construction monitoring program (the Program) for the Expansion facility.
Year 1 (2011) results are documented in Kent Hills Wind Farm Expansion 2011 PostConstruction Monitoring Program (Stantec Consulting Ltd. 2012).

1.1

BACKGROUND

For the New Brunswick EIA registrations for both phases of the wind farm, and the
Environmental Assessment (EA) Report to support a Screening under the Canadian
Environmental Assessment Act (CEAA) of the initial phase, extensive fieldwork, consultation
and analysis were undertaken. This included a thorough characterization of the natural
environment at the site of the Kent Hills Wind Farm, including vegetation, birds and other
vertebrate species. Specifically, bird surveys were carried out onsite for seven seasons (spring,
summer and fall of 2006; winter, spring, summer and fall of 2007) for the initial phase, and for
three seasons (spring, summer and fall of 2009) for the Expansion. Beyond what was required
and reported in the EIA and EA Reports, TransAlta undertook bat monitoring using Anabats
detectors positioned on site at both ground level and at 30 metres (m) above ground level (agl)
during the summer and fall of 2007. These data provide good baseline knowledge of preconstruction conditions for bird and bat activity at the Kent Hills Wind Farm.
1.1.1

Location and Habitat

The Kent Hills Wind Farm is located in the Southern New Brunswick Uplands Ecoregion of the
Atlantic Maritime Ecozone in eastern New Brunswick. Kent Hills is located 5 kilometres (km)
northeast of Fundy National Park. The site is situated on a plateau, and the turbines are
strategically placed over an area approximately 12 km long and 6 km wide. The land is owned
by the province of New Brunswick (Crown Land), and there are logging roads to and through the
site which are frequently used by all-terrain vehicle (ATV) drivers. The area is located between
elevation 350 m and 400 m above sea level (asl).

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KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

The habitat within the Expansion boundaries is predominately mixed or hardwood forest, with
some nursery/plantation areas. Much of the forest habitat is immature, with numerous clear cuts
at various stages of regeneration.
1.1.2

Birds

Based on a review of available information, including consultation with government agencies,


local naturalists and on-site surveys, the Kent Hills Wind Farm site hosts few species of
conservation concern (e.g., Rusty Blackbird Euphagus carolinus during migration). The site
does not host large concentrations of staging or wintering birds, is not likely located on a major
migration route, and is not near any nesting bird colonies (e.g., heronries). The sites forest
habitat supports a breeding population of forest bird species that are typical of the variety of
habitats of this and the surrounding areas, including some birds considered species of
conservation concern (i.e., ranked by the Atlantic Canada Conservation Data Centre (AC CDC
2012) as S1, S2, or S3 and ranked as Sensitive or May Be At Risk by the Canadian
Endangered Species Conservation Council (CESCC 2011)).
1.1.3

Bats

Monitoring of bat activity in 2007, using Anabats located onsite, found that most activity was
restricted to low flight heights, with very little activity at 30 m agl. Only 17 individual bat passes
were noted at a height of 30 m agl in a total of 103 nights sampled. Of those 17 bat passes, 11
were Myotis species (either little brown myotis (Myotis lucifugus), or northern myotis (M.
septentionalis)), four were hoary bats (Lasiurus cinereus), one was either big brown bat
(Eptesicus fuscus) or silver-haired bat (Lasionycteris noctivagans), and one was not identified to
species.

1.2

MONITORING PROGRAM

As a condition of approval of the Expansion under the EIA Regulation, TransAlta is required to
undertake a minimum of two years of post-construction monitoring, in consultation with
Environment Canada and NBDNR. In keeping with the protocol developed for the postconstruction monitoring program at the Expansion, and with due consideration of the low bird
and bat mortality rates observed during the previous two years at the first phase of the wind
farm, the spatial extent of the monitoring was limited to a subset of 10 of the 18 Expansion
turbines. The post-construction monitoring program was designed and implemented to assess
both direct (casualty rate) and indirect (habitat avoidance, displacement) effects to birds and
bats from operating wind turbines in the Expansion area. Indirect effects were assessed by
repeating the breeding bird surveys that were conducted during pre-construction conditions to
allow a comparison to post-construction conditions. The direct effects were assessed through
regular casualty searches around the bases of operating wind turbines.
Temporally, these surveys (breeding bird and casualty) were undertaken over a 27-week period
during the spring, summer and fall of 2012, as outlined below.

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PROJECT NO.:

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2.2

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

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KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

2.0

METHODOLOGY

The survey methodology outlined below was considered to be appropriate for the Expansion,
and is based on the standardized and tested survey methodology used for the initial phase of
the Kent Hills Wind Farm, at other TransAlta operational projects and at other wind energy
facilities, and was approved by CWS and NBDNR prior to implementation. Consideration was
given for Environment Canadas protocol guidance document (Environment Canada 2007)
during the drafting of the protocol.
The 2012 Program consisted of bird and bat casualty surveys, and bird monitoring. Casualty
surveys consisted of casualty searches, searcher efficiency trials and scavenger impact trials.
Bird monitoring consisted of breeding bird surveys. The following provides detailed descriptions
of the casualty survey methodology and bird monitoring components of the Program.

2.1

CASUALTY SURVEYS

Casualty surveys were made up of three components; casualty searches, searcher efficiency
trials, and scavenger impact trials.
2.1.1

Casualty Searches

Casualty searches were undertaken for 27 weeks during spring (mid-April to mid-June), summer
(mid-June to mid- August) and fall (mid-August to mid-October) periods. Surveys were
completed weekly during each period. An increase in frequency was not warranted as carcass
removal by scavenging was not particularly high at the site, though higher than has been
previously recorded at the Kent Hills Wind Farm. The frequency of casualty searches would
have been increased had all test carcasses used in the scavenger trails been removed in seven
days.
A sample of 10 of the 18 wind turbines (Figure 2.1) were selected in 2011 for surveying, which
was representative of the spatial extent of the expanded wind farm, lit versus (vs.) unlit turbines,
and habitat types. The same turbines were surveyed in 2012. At each turbine, a circular plot
was searched, with a radius of 50 m centered on the base of the turbine. All open area within
this circular plot was searched for casualties. In densely vegetated areas within the 50 m radius
where searcher efficiency was compromised, the approximate unsearchable area was mapped
and used in determining the percent area searched correction factor.
Casualty surveys began on April 16, 2012, and continued for six months (27 weeks) with the
final survey conducted on October 15, 2012. The initial plan was to initiate surveys one week
earlier as done in 2011 (at the request of NBDNR); however, when staff went to the site on
April 10, roads were still snow covered and not passible. Therefore, surveys in 2012
commenced one week later when roads were clear. Surveys of the 10 turbines were completed
over one day each week, either Monday (typically) or Tuesday (when Monday was a holiday).
From time to time, alternate turbines were surveyed when a turbine normally searched was
inaccessible due to maintenance activities. Alternate turbines were chosen in the same area as

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KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

the regularly searched turbine, and were the same alternates as used in 2011 where necessary.
Due to improvements in coordination of searching and maintenance schdules, fewer alternates
were required in 2012 than the previous year. An alternate (E6) for only two turbines (E3 and
E5) was required on four occasions.
Searching was undertaken through the use of two people and a rope 57 m in length. This has
been done very effectively in casualty searches at TransAltas Summerview, Ardenville and
Blue Trails wind farms, and was the approach used in the first two years of monitoring at the
Kent Hills Wind Farm, and in 2011 for the Expansion. One observer was positioned at the end
of the rope and another was positioned 7 m from the end of the rope (57 m and 50 m from the
turbine base, respectively). As the observers walk together in a circle around the base of the
turbine, keeping the rope taut, the rope wraps around the turbine base (7 m in circumference),
thus creating a spiral search path, which continues until the observers are at the base of the
turbine. This method allows the observers to focus on searching for bird and bat casualties
without having to maintain a standard grid pattern.
Each casualty found was identified to species, aged and sexed in the field (if possible). All
unidentified carcasses were retained for future identification or confirmation, ageing and sexing
using Pyle (1997) (in the case of birds). Scientific collection permits were obtained from
Environment Canada and NBDNR (Appendix B). The location of each carcass was recorded
using a handheld Global Positioning System (GPS) and by measuring distance and direction
from the turbine base. The condition of the carcass (Table 2.1) and the probable cause of death
(with rationale for the determination) were noted. Carcasses of bats and birds were removed
from the sampling area to avoid attracting scavengers. Specimens not used for searcher
efficiency and/or scavenger trials were made available to New Brunswick Museum of Natural
History (NB Museum) staff for examination and/or necropsy.
Table 2.1
Code
M
F
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Carcass Condition Categories


Description
Injured or moribund.
Freshly dead with little or no decay or scavenging by insects; probably died within 48 hours.
Recently dead but with noticeable decay or scavenging by insects; probably died within 1-7
days.
Decomposed carcass, barely recognizable or not recognizable to species; probably dead
more than 7 days.
Residual remains, such as feathers, bones, blood or other scraps of tissue.

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#
0

"

Expansion Turbine
Original Turbine

Lit Turbine

Building

Wind Farm
Road and Collection

19

Substation

Transmission Line Easement

E8
/E8
"

Road
Dobson Trail
Watercourse
Waterbody

Wetland (DNR)
Silviculture
Clearcut

!
.

Expansion Turbine Alternate Searched

^ Met Tower

21

Partial Cut

Older Hardwood Forest

Older Mixedwood Forest


Older Forest Softwood
Younger Forest

Fi
v

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ty

NBDNR
SNB

!
.

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oad

# 9 11
0
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H7 15
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H8 17 13
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#
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E7

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.

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F8

C5
C5

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0

27

F7
F7

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Bog

#
0

23

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"

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F6
F6

B4
B4

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.

Mo

#
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DATA SOURCES:

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.

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ve
r

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"

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E4 !

25

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.

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33

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.

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.

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F5

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PRO SSER BRO OK

Nonforest

0 0.2750.55

Figure 2.1
Searched Turbines
and Breeding Bird Survey Locations
Kent Hills Wind Farm Expansion
2012 Post Construction Monitoring Program

1.1
1.65
Kilometers
PROJECT NO.:

121810629

2.2

McFa
Lake

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

February 7, 2013

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

The actual number of bird and bat carcasses found does not necessarily reflect the number of
mortalities occurring at a wind farm. A correction equation used to determine the estimated
number of mortalities at a wind farm, modified from an equation provided by Environment
Canada (Denise Fell, pers. comm., 2009), is as follows:

C = (c / (Se x Sc x Ps)) x (K/n),


Where:

C
c
Se
Sc
Ps
n
K

is the corrected number of bird or bat mortalities for the entire expansion;
is the number of carcasses found;
is the proportion of carcasses expected to be found by search teams
(searcher efficiency);
is the proportion of carcasses not removed by scavengers over the search
period; and,
is the percent of the area searched.
is the number of turbines searched
is the total number of turbines in the wind farm

According to Environment Canada, most bird and bat fatalities due to turbine mortality are likely
to fall within 50 m of the turbine (Denise Fell, pers. comm. 2009). The percent of the area
searched during the casualty surveys must be calculated in order to factor into the estimated
mortality correction equation. Percent area searched (Ps) is calculated as follows:

Ps = area searched
r2

where r = 50 m

In this equation, area searched refers to the unvegetated, searchable areas within the 50 m
radius searched, and r is the radius corresponding to the size of the area Environment Canada
identified as most likely to find the carcasses (50 m). The searchable area varied for each
turbine. The weighted average Ps of all searched turbines (weighted by total number of
searches for each turbine) was used in the correction equation to provide an estimate of the
total number of bird and bat mortalities associated with the Expansion. The area searched
around each turbine was determined in the field using a GPS to map out the approximate limits
of the area searched. The percent area searched for each turbine was calculated using
Geographic Information System (GIS; ArcInfo).
Overall, the corrected estimate of bird and bat casualties for the entire Expansion is presented
as the number of casualties per turbine, or casualties per MW for the 27-week monitoring
period.
2.1.2

Searcher Efficiency Trials

Searcher efficiency trials were carried out once per season for each search team, and were
designed to correct for carcasses that may be overlooked by searchers during the survey
periods. The results were used to estimate the number of bird and bat casualties and correct for
detection bias. Searcher efficiency trials were conducted in a blind manner, whereby the search

February 7, 2013

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

team did not know which search plot contained the trial carcass or how many trial carcasses
were deployed. Carcasses were placed by someone other than the searchers within one of the
circular plots prior to the search team completing the casualty searches. After the casualty
search was complete, the number of test carcasses remaining in the search plot was
determined to establish the searcher efficiency rate. This provides a measure of variability
between search teams and of search success by the study team, providing an overall estimate
of the efficiency of the searching methodology.
These trials were repeated for each search team in each season of sampling to address interseasonal variability in searcher efficiency due to vegetation cover differences.
Test carcasses (i.e., control carcasses) were quail chicks in spring (leftover from the previous
year) and silver-laced wyandotte chicks (after June 1), as well as coloured rats (typically light to
dark gray) to represent bat carcasses. Where available and in good condition, previously
collected birds and bats were used for the searcher efficiency trials. Between 10 and 20 test
carcasses per search team were distributed within the 50 m search radius during each seasonal
searcher efficiency trial. One to three carcasses were placed at each selected turbine.
Carcasses not found during the searcher efficiency trials were retrieved at the end of the day to
ensure that they were overlooked and not scavenged.
For each searcher efficiency trial, the following information was recorded:

date;

weather conditions;

carcass type (native bird, quail chick, rat, or bat);

turbine number;

location description; and

confirmation of whether carcass was located, overlooked or scavenged.

If the carcass was not found, it was not included in searcher efficiency calculations. A copy of
the forms completed in the field can be found in Appendix D.
Searcher efficiency (Se) was calculated for each search team using the following equation:
Se =

10

number of test carcasses found


(number of test carcasses placed) (number of test carcasses cavenged)

February 7, 2013

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Because search teams searched varying numbers of turbines over the course of the casualty
surveys, it was necessary to find a weighted average which reflected the proportion of turbines
searched by each team. This weighted average, or overall searcher efficiency, was calculated
as follows:

Seo = Se1(n1/T) + Se2(n2/T) + Se3(n3/T) + Se...(n.../T)...


Where:

Seo

is the overall searcher efficiency;

Se1 and 2 and 3...

are individual searcher efficiency ratings;

n1 and 2 and 3...

are number of turbines searched by each search team; and

is the total number of turbines searched by all searchers.

The overall searcher efficiency was calculated separately for each of the three seasons that the
casualty surveys were conducted, as well as for the overall Program.
These Se values contribute to the correction equation used to provide an estimate of the total
number of bird and bat casualties associated with the Expansion.
2.1.3

Scavenger Impact Trials

In addition to being overlooked by searchers, casualties may also go unaccounted for because
they may have been scavenged or removed by local wildlife before searchers have a chance to
locate them. To adjust for this, scavenger impact trials were carried out. To assess the influence
of scavenging in each season, a sample of carcasses (such as quail chicks, silver-laced
wyandotte chicks, and rats obtained from suppliers) were placed in similar habitat at least 500 m
away from any casualty search area and checked daily for a period of seven days or until all of
the carcasses had been scavenged, whichever was less. Typically, one each of chick and rat
were placed at five locations.
Results of these trials were used to correct for the removal of carcasses by scavengers in
estimating overall mortality.
The information recorded for each carcass placement is listed below (see Appendix D). This
information aided searchers in locating the carcasses during the daily checks over the trial
period. Information recorded included:

date scavenger impact trial carcass was placed;

Universial Transverse Mercator (UTM) coordinates and closest turbine number; and

description of carcass location.

To monitor the scavenging rate, a scavenger impact trial daily check form was filled out during
each search (Appendix D). Information collected included:

date of monitoring;

February 7, 2013

11

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

an indication of whether the carcass had been scavenged or not-scavenged; and

condition of the carcass.

Carcasses that differentiated between those which were untouched by scavengers and those
showing evidence of varying levels of scavenging, but were not removed from the search area,
were noted. This approach provided a method by which to determine the time frame for a
carcass to be completely removed by scavengers. Scavenging rates were calculated using the
following formula;

Sc =

nvisit1 + nvisit2 + nvisit3 + nvisit4 + nvisit5 ++ nvisit7


nvisit0 + nvisit1 + nvisit2 + nvisit3 + nvisit4 ++ nvisit6

Where:

Sc

is the proportion of carcasses not removed by scavengers over


the search period;

nvisit0

is the total number of carcasses placed; and

nvisit1 nvisit7

is the numbers of carcasses remaining on visits 1 through 7.

These values contribute to the correction equation used to provide an estimate of bird and bat
mortalities associated with the Expansion.
Searcher efficiency in locating scavenger trial carcasses is assumed to be 100%, as carcasses
were recorded using a GPS unit at the time of placement, and location was carefully noted.

2.2

BIRD MONITORING

2.2.1

Breeding Bird Surveys

Breeding bird surveys were undertaken in late spring/early summer (June to early July). Survey
methodology followed that which was used during pre-construction surveys in order to allow
comparisons between pre- and post-construction breeding bird diversity and abundance. Two
visits were completed, one early in the period and one late in the period, separated by 10 to 14
days. The 20 sites surveyed during the pre-construction fieldwork (Figure 2.1) and in 2011 (year
1 of post-construction monitoring) were revisited and surveys were conducted using similar
methodology. The 20 sites are located between 150 and 770 m from the closest wind turbines.
The distance from turbine was taken into consideration during analysis of the results. Surveys
began at the site in the early morning, at or just after daybreak (usually 30 minutes before
scheduled sunrise).
Unlimited distance point counts of ten minutes in duration (separated into two 5-minute periods)
were conducted at each of the survey stations. All birds observed, either by sight or sound, were
noted, including both species and number. Three distance categories were used to note birds:
0 to 50 m from the observer, 50 to 100 m and greater than 100 m. Birds flying over were noted
separately from other observations. The date, start time and weather were recorded at each
survey station. Recorded weather data included approximate temperature, wind speed and

12

February 7, 2013

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

direction, precipitation, and visibility. Point count surveys were not done in heavy rain or in
strong winds (e.g., greater than 20 km/h).
Incidental observations of species in the area were noted outside of the set point count surveys.
For any species of conservation concern encountered, the observer noted specific details of the
observation, including location and behaviour.
All bird records were used to determine the overall species richness for the site. Species
diversity was calculated using the Shannon-Wiener Diversity Index (H):

Where :

is the total number of species; and

pi

is the frequency of the i th species.

Population densities for each species were presented as birds per hectare (ha), calculated by
first determining the maximum number of birds detected within 100 m between the first and
second survey for each point count location and summing up across all 20 sites. Density is
calculated using the following equation:

Density (# territories/ha) = sum of all territories counted within 100 m x 0.3183a


number of points surveyed
a

The factor of 0.3183 represents the number of point count circles within a hectare,
assuming a standard count radius of 100 m, which has an area of 3.1416 ha.

Changes in breeding bird density were analyzed using an Analysis of Variance (ANOVA;
STATA version 10.0 (StataCorp LP, College Station, Texas, USA)).

February 7, 2013

13

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

3.0

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

3.1

CASUALTY SURVEYS

3.1.1

Searcher Efficiency Trials

Searcher efficiency (Se) can vary between individuals/teams and the season, as factors such as
weather, searcher level of experience and vegetation growth affects the visibility of carcasses,
and the searchers ability to locate them. Searcher efficiency ratings at other wind farms in North
America range, on average, from 30% to 85% (Morrison 2002). The following sections provide a
discussion of searcher efficiencies for each season, as well as overall searcher efficiency for the
2012 monitoring period. Searcher efficiency calculations for each search team are provided in
Appendix C.
3.1.1.1 Spring
Searcher efficiency for the four search teams, comprised of four individuals, during spring
monitoring ranged from 60% to 80%. Two search teams responsible for searches earlier in the
season conducted the searcher efficiency trials on April 30, and the two teams responsible for
the later surveys conducted trials on June 4. By weighting individual team searcher efficiency
ratings with regard to the proportion of the turbines surveyed, the overall searcher efficiency
was calculated to be 76.7% for the spring search period.
3.1.1.2 Summer
A single searcher efficiency trial was conducted during the summer period, as there was only
one search team conducting all of the casualty surveys. The searcher efficiency trial was
conducted on June 25, resulting in a searcher efficiency of 75.0% for the summer search period.
3.1.1.3 Fall
A single searcher efficiency trial was conducted during the fall period, as there was only one
search team conducting all of the casualty surveys. The searcher efficiency trial was conducted
on September 3, resulting in a searcher efficiency of 45.0% for the fall search period.
3.1.1.4 Overall
The overall searcher efficiency was calculated to be 65.6%. There was no notable pattern
observed in the searcher efficiencies over the monitoring period. The searcher efficiency in
2012 was an improvement compared to monitoring in 2011, but similar to trials in the initial
phase of Kent Hills Wind Farm conducted in 2010. Differences may have been due to the types
of trial carcasses used between years. Although much of the search area is a uniform gravel
pad with little vegetation growth, portions of most turbine search areas were vegetated in 2011
and 2012. An improvement in searcher efficiency in search areas that have increased
vegetation cover, however, was unexpected..

14

February 7, 2013

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

3.1.2

Scavenger Impact Trials

The following section discusses the results of the scavenger impact trials by season (i.e., spring,
summer and fall) and overall.
3.1.2.1 Spring
The spring scavenger impact trial ran from April 25 to May 2, 2012. Carcasses were typically
placed along access roads or other cleared areas that had similar substrate conditions as the
turbine search areas. Five quail chicks and five rats were placed initially, with eight carcasses
remaining at the end of the trial. Two remaining carcasses had evidence of scavenging, but
enough of the carcasses remained to make it possible to locate and identify them. Table 3.1
presents the number of carcasses remaining during each of the visits following initiation of the
spring trial, as well as the proportion of carcasses not removed by scavengers over the spring
trial period (the Sc value).
Table 3.1
Date Placed
25-Apr
10

Number of Carcasses Remaining at Each Visit Spring Trial


Visit 1
26-Apr
9

Visit 2
27-Apr
9

Visit 3
28-Apr
9

Visit 4
29-Apr
9

Visit 5
30-Apr
9

Visit 6
1-May
9

Visit 7
2-May
8

Sc (spring)
0.9524

A chick was scavenged/removed over the first day, however the second chich was not removed
until Day 7. The two partially scavenged carcasses included a rat and a chick.. The proportion of
carcasses not removed by scavengers over the trial period (Sc) for the spring was 0.9524, or
95.2%.
3.1.2.2 Summer
The summer scavenger impact trial ran from June 25 to July 2, 2012, and had a noticeable
increase in scavenging compared to spring. As was done in spring, carcasses were placed
along access roads or other cleared areas with substrate conditions similar to those within the
turbine search areas. Five poultry chicks and five rats were placed. Scavenging was high
relative to the spring trial, with three carcasses missing after the first day, and three more
missing over Days 3, 4 and 5. Four carcasses remained at the last visit. Table 3.2 presents the
number of carcasses remaining during each of the visits for the summer trial, as well as the
proportion of carcasses not removed by scavengers over the summer trial period (the Sc value).
Table 3.2
Date Placed
25-Jun
10

Number of Carcasses Remaining at Each Visit Summer Trials


Visit 1
26-Jun
7

Visit 2
27-Jun
7

Visit 3
28-Jun
6

Visit 4
29-Jun
5

Visit 5
30-Jun
4

Visit 6
1-Jul
4

Visit 7
2-Jul
4

Sc (summer)
0.8605

The proportion of carcasses not removed by scavengers over the trial period (Sc) for the
summer was 0.8605, or 86.0%.

February 7, 2013

15

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

3.1.2.3 Fall
The fall scavenger impact trial ran from August 27 to September 3, 2012. As with the spring and
summer scavenger impact trials, carcasses were placed along access roads or other cleared
areas with substrate conditions similar to those within the turbine search areas. Five poultry
chicks and five rats were placed. Table 3.3 presents the number of carcasses remaining during
each of the visits following initiation of the fall trial, as well as the proportion of carcasses not
removed by scavengers over the fall trial period (the Sc value).
Table 3.3

Number of Carcasses Remaining at Each Visit Fall Trial

Date Placed
27-Aug
10

Visit 1
28-Aug
9

Visit 2
29-Aug
9

Visit 3
30-Aug
7

Visit 4
31-Aug
5

Visit 5
1-Sep
4

Visit 6
2-Sep
3

Visit 7
3-Sep
3

Sc (fall)
0.8511

The trend was similar to the summer trial, with carcasses missing with most visits, and only 3
carcass remaining at visit 7. One remaining chick carcass had evidence of scavenging. The
proportion of carcasses not removed by scavengers over the seven visit trial period for the fall
was 0.8511, or 85.1%.
3.1.2.4 Overall
The overall Sc was calculated by adding up the carcass numbers by visit number, as shown in
Table 3.4, and completing the equation.
Table 3.4
Season
Spring

Overall Proportion of Carcasses Not Removed by Scavengers.


Visit 0
10

Visit 1
9

Visit 2
9

Visit 3
9

Visit 4
9

Visit 5
9

Visit 6
9

Visit 7
8

Summer

10

Fall

10

Overall

30

25

25

22

19

17

16

15

Sc (overall)

0.9026

Morrison (2002) reported that the average persistence of carcasses varied depending on the
season, but was shorter in the spring and longer in the summer/fall. In the case of the Kent Hills
Wind Farm Expansion Post-construction Monitoring Program, the opposite was noted, with
higher carcass persistence in the spring, and a decrease in persistence time noted in the
summer and fall. In the summer and fall of 2011, the presence of fox and coyote on site was
noted, and may have been a factor in the reduced carcass persistence time in 2011, whearas in
2012, fox and coyote were not noted on the site. The overall Sc is less than the spring value and
higher than the summer and fall values.

16

February 7, 2013

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

3.1.3

Casualty Searches

In all, only four bird and one bat carcasses were found during the 27 weeks of post-construction
casualty searches at the Kent Hills Wind Farm Expansion in 2012. Bird casualties were
observed in all seasons, while only one bat casualty was observed during the fall. The 2012
numbers are similar to the number of casualties recorded in 2011, when four bird and three bat
casualties were found (Stantec Consulting Ltd. 2012).
Table 3.5 provides a summary of carcasses found during 2012, including their provincial
ranking. None of the species found are listed in the Species at Risk Act (SARA). The following
sub-sections discuss findings, and provide the corrected mortality estimates for both birds and
bats.
Table 3.5

Carcasses Found During the Program, 2012

Date

Turbine

Type

Common Name

Scientific Name

14-May-12
18-Jun-12
30-Jul-12
7-Aug-12
20-Aug-12

I1
I1
E3
I1
H8

Bird
Bird
Bird
Bat
Bird

Northern Parula
Red-eyed Vireo
Great Blue Heron
eastern red bat
Unidentified Vireo

Parula americana
Vireo olivaceus
Ardea herodias
Lasiurus borealis.
Vireo sp.

SRank
S5
S5
S4
S2?
n/a

NBDNR Rank
Secure
Secure
Secure
Undetermined
Secure

3.1.3.1 Birds
During the 27-week post-construction monitoring period in 2012 four bird carcasses were
located during the regularly scheduled casualty searches. All carcasses were observed
individually, on separate days. Each of the four different species observed are considered
secure species in New Brunswick (CESCC 2011). Two of these species (Northern Parula and
Red-eyed Vireo) had been previously recorded as casualties at the Kent Hills Wind Farm in
2011. Great Blue Heron had not been previously recorded as a casualty at Kent Hills.
Bird casualties were found at three different turbines, including two at I1, one at E3 and one at
H8. No casualties had previously been recorded in the I Row. Two of the three turbines with bird
casualties are lit. Given the low number of collisions, an attempt at discerning patterns based on
weather, habitat and/or turbine lights is not possible or warranted.
Table 3.6 presents the seasonal and overall corrected estimates for bird casualties, as well as
the correction factors used to determine the casualty estimates (refer to Section 2.1.1). The
corrected estimates were calculated using the correction equation provided by Environment
Canada, which takes scavenging, searcher efficiency and percent area searched calculations
into consideration. The corrected estimates for bird casualties are calculated, and presented,
as casualties per turbine, and casualties per MW for the 27-week monitoring program
(Table 3.6).

February 7, 2013

17

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Table 3.6

Corrected Estimates for Bird Casualties

Period

Se

Sc

Ps

Spring
Summer
Fall
Overall

1
2
1
4

0.7667
0.7500
0.4500
0.6556

0.9688
0.8605
0.8511
0.9026

0.6668
0.6681
0.6704
0.6684

3.63
8.35
7.01
18.20

Casualties
Per Turbine
0.20
0.46
0.39
1.01

Casualties
Per MW
0.07
0.15
0.13
0.34

Note:
c = number of carcasses found;
Se = searcher efficiency
Sc = proportion of carcasses not removed by scavengers over the search period
Ps = percent of the area searched
C = corrected number of bird casualties for the entire expansion.

Spring monitoring was undertaken weekly from April 16 to June 11, 2012, for a total of nine
weeks. one avian carcass was located by searchers, for a corrected total estimate of 3.63 bird
casualties for the spring season, which equates to 0.20 bird casualties per turbine or 0.07 bird
casualties per MW for spring.
Summer monitoring was undertaken weekly from June 18 to August 13, 2012, for a total of nine
weeks. Two avian carcasses were located by searchers, for a corrected total estimate of
8.35 bird casualties for the summer season, which equates to 0.46 bird casualties per turbine or
0.15 casualties per MW for summer.
Fall monitoring was undertaken weekly from August 20 to October 15, 2012, for a total of nine
weeks. One avian carcass was located by searchers, for a corrected estimated total of 7.01 bird
casualties for the fall season; which equates to 0.39 bird casualties per turbine or 0.13 bird
casualties per MW for fall.
Bird species located during the 2012 Program are ranked as S5 (widespread abundant and
secure) or S4 (usually widespread, fairly common) by the Atlantic Canada Conservation Data
Centre (AC CDC). The S5 passerine species are common within the Expansion area and
surrounding region; however, there are no known Great Blue Heron colonies in the vicinity of
the Expansion.
Casualty searches were conducted during both spring and fall migration periods and throughout
the breeding season. Searches were not conducted from January to mid-April and from midOctober until end of December. However, during these winter months activity levels of birds in
the area are known to significantly drop, thus the casualty estimate is not expected to be much
greater, if any, for the whole year. The corrected causality estimates for the Program were
calculated to be 1.01 bird casualties per turbine, or 0.34 bird casualties per MW, reduced from
calculated values in 2011.

18

February 7, 2013

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

3.1.3.2 Bats
During the 27-week post-construction monitoring period in 2012, an eastern red bat carcass
was found during the casualty searches, recorded in the summer season, on August 7. The
identification was confirmed by NB Museum staff.
The bat casualty was reported at turbine I1, a lit turbine, located at the northern end of the row.
As there was only a single bat carcass recorded, an attempt at discerning patterns based on
weather and/or habitat is not possible. Eastern red bat has a questionable status, with an S-rank
of S2? (AC CDC 2012) and an undetermined general status rank (CESCC 2011).
Table 3.7 presents the seasonal and overall corrected estimates for bat casualties, as well as
the correction factors used to determine the casualty estimates (refer to Section 2.1.1). The
corrected estimates were calculated using the correction equation provided by Environment
Canada, which takes scavenging, searcher efficiency and percent area searched calculations
into consideration. The corrected estimates for bat casualties are calculated, and presented,
as casualties per turbine, and casualties per MW for the 27-week monitoring period (Table 3.7).
Table 3.7

Corrected Estimates for Bat Casualties

Period

Se

Sc

Ps

Spring
Summer
Fall
Overall

0
1
0
1

0.7667
0.7500
0.4500
0.6556

0.9688
0.8605
0.8511
0.9026

0.6668
0.6681
0.6704
0.6684

0
4.18
0
4.25

Casualties
Per Turbine
0
0.23
0
0.25

Casualties
Per MW
0
0.08
0
0.08

Note:
c = number of carcasses found;
Se = searcher efficiency
Sc = proportion of carcasses not removed by scavengers over the search period
Ps = percent of the area searched
C = corrected number of bird casualties for the entire expansion.

Spring monitoring was undertaken weekly from April 16 to June 13, 2012, for a total of nine
weeks. No bat carcasses were located by searchers.
Summer monitoring was undertaken weekly from June 18 to August 13, 2012, for a total of nine
weeks. One bat carcass was located by searchers, for a corrected total estimate of 4.18 bat
fatalities for the summer season (0.23 bat casualties per turbine or 0.08 bat casualties per MW).
Fall monitoring was undertaken weekly from August 20 to October 15, 2012, for a total of nine
weeks. No bat carcasses were located by searchers.
Casualty searches were conducted during both the spring and fall migration periods for bats, as
well during summer. Although monitoring was not conducted during the winter, activity levels in
bats are known to drop to zero during winter months in New Brunswick. Therefore, it is expected
that these values represent total bat casualties for the year. As such, the corrected causality

February 7, 2013

19

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

estimates for the Program were calculated to be 0.25 bat casualties per turbine, or 0.08 bat
casualties per MW.
3.1.4

Time Period

The incidence of bird or bat mortality could vary for each of the seasons, as usage of the area
changes over the course of the year. During spring, it would be expected that bird casualties
would reflect spring migrating species and species known to breed in the region. Conversely, as
bat activity levels increase throughout the summer months and more notably during the fall
migratory season, an increase in bat casualties could be expected. However, given the low
numbers of both bat and bird carcasses and the relatively even temporal distribution of the
casualties, little can be concluded with regards to timing of mortalities.
3.1.5

Per Turbine

In 2011, four of the seven casualties were recorded at the northwestern end of the Expansion
portion of the wind farm, with turbines H1 and H3 each having a bird and bat casualty recorded.
In 2012, three of the five casulaties were recorded at turbine I1, where there had been no
casulaties the previous year. The other two turbines with casulaties in 2012 are located at the
southwest end (H8), and in the middle of the wind farm (E3). Both I1 and H8 are lit turbines.
3.1.6

Distance from Turbines

Recording and reporting data on the distance at which a carcass was found from a turbine can
aid in future design of post-construction monitoring protocols. Environment Canada has noted
that birds and bats tend to be concentrated within certain distances from turbines, with the
majority of bird and bat carcasses typically landing within 50 m from the turbine (Denise Fell,
personal communication, February 25, 2009). In collecting and providing the distances at which
carcasses were found, Environment Canada is better able to design monitoring protocols that
reflect variations in the distance carcasses are found from turbines, thus aiding in determining
appropriate search areas.
Table 3.8 presents the number of bird and bat carcasses found at ranges of 5 m increments
from the turbine, up to 50 m from the turbine (the extent of the casualty search area employed)
for 2012.
Table 3.8

Distance Range of 2012 Casualties from Turbines (m)

0
0

10 to
14
0
0

15 to
19
1
0

20 to
24
0
1

25 to
29
0
0

30 to
34
0
0

35 to
39
0
1

40 to
44
0
0

45 to
50
0
0

0 to 4

5 to 9

Bats
Birds

0
2

Total

Total
1
4
5

The bat carcass was found at 15.9 m of the turbine base. Of the four bird casualties that were
recorded, two (50%) were within 4 m of the turbine base.

20

February 7, 2013

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

3.2

BIRD MONITORING

The following section describes the findings of the breeding bird surveys. Species of
conservation concern that were observed during the bird monitoring program are further
discussed in subsection 3.2.2. The raw data containing the breeding bird records is provided in
Appendix F.
3.2.1

Breeding Bird Surveys

During the post-construction breeding bird surveys of 2012, 37 bird species were observed, as
compared to 34 species recorded in 2011, and 41 species observed during the breeding bird
surveys carried out during pre-construction surveys in June 2009, for a cumulative total of
47 species over the three years. These numbers include incidental observations. Considering
only species recorded within 100 m, which are included in density estimates, 32 were recorded
in 2012, 29 in 2011, and 34 in 2009 for a total of 38 different species over the three years.
Twenty-four species were recorded in all three years. Species recorded in only one of the two
years were found in low numbers (3 or fewer). Overall species diversity among the three years
was similar, with a Shannon-Weiner Diversity Index value of 2.71 in 2012, 2.79 in 2011, and
2.88 in 2009.
The breeding bird community observed in the study area is typical of environments in southern
New Brunswick. The relatively low species diversity reflects the relatively low diversity and
quality of breeding bird habitat found within and adjacent to the Kent Hills Wind Farm
Expansion, and most of the species are common forest or forest edge species.
Table 3.9 presents the total maximum number and density (# of individuals per ha) of birds
observed during the two breeding bird survey visits (using point counts with a 100 m detection
radius) for each of the three years of surveys (2009, 2011 and 2012). The maximum of the two
visits is used because the individuals recorded during the second survey are likely the same
ones that were recorded during the first survey, so it is assumed that individuals of the same
species are recorded during both visits. Observations that were either more than 100 m from the
observer or had no evidence of breeding, were not used in density calculations. Species not
included in density calculations over the three years of survey included Ruffed Grouse, Barred
Owl, Chimney Swift, Northern Flicker, Pileated Woodpecker, Common Raven, Common
Grackle, and Wilsons Snipe.
While numbers and densities between 2009 and 2011 were relatively unchanged, with
275 individuals (4.36 per ha) recorded in 2009 and 274 individuals (4.34 per ha) in 2011, the
overall number/density increased to 343 individuals (5.44 per ha) in 2012. Red-eyed Vireos, the
second most numerous species, followed this trend, with 41 recorded in 2009, 42 in 2011, and
50 in 2012. Other species with relatively high overall numbers, in addition to being detected at a
high frequency of point count locations, included Ovenbird (49 in 2009 and 75 in 2012; a 53%
increase), Black-throated Blue Warbler (33 and 37; a 12% increase), and Black-throated Green
Warbler (22 and 36; a 64% increase).

February 7, 2013

21

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Table 3.10 lists the maximum number and density of birds for each individual point count
location (100 m detection radius) in 2009, 2011 and 2012, sorted by distance to nearest turbine.
For the four point count locations within 200 m of a turbine, there was a decrease in total
numbers and density between 2009 and 2011, ranging from 12% to 56%, however decreases of
greater than 20% were also recorded at survey points located 350, 410 and 770 m from wind
turbines, suggesting these differences may be attributed to survey variability or natural variation.
However, from 2009 to 2012 there was an increase in numbers for three of the four points
located within 200 m of turbines. Beyond the 200 m distance, there is no obvious trend between
2009 and 2011, with changes ranging from a 33% decrease to a 100% increase. At 11 of the
20 breeding bird point count locations, either no change or an increase in total numbers and
density was recorded in 2011 compared to data collected during the 2009 surveys. In
comparison, beyond 200 m, the percent change ranged from -14% and +123% between 2009
and 2012. From 2009 to 2012, 16 of the 20 point counts registered no change or an increase in
total number of birds observed.

22

February 7, 2013

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Table 3.9

Maximum Number and Density of Birds Recorded at Point Counts in 2009, 2011, and 2012.

Common Name

Scientific Name
(AC CDC 2012 nomenclature)

Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
Downy Woodpecker
Hairy Woodpecker
Northern Flicker
Eastern Wood-Pewee
Alder Flycatcher
Least Flycatcher
Blue-headed Vireo
Red-eyed Vireo
Blue Jay
Black-capped Chickadee
Red-breasted Nuthatch
White-breasted Nuthatch
Brown Creeper
Winter Wren
Golden-crowned Kinglet
Swainson's Thrush
Hermit Thrush
American Robin
Cedar Waxwing
Northern Parula
Chestnut-sided Warbler
Black-throated Blue Warbler
Yellow-rumped Warbler
Black-throated Green Warbler
Blackburnian Warbler
Black-and-white Warbler
American Redstart
Ovenbird

Archilochus colubris
Sphyrapicus varius
Picoides pubescens
Picoides villosus
Colaptes auratus
Contopus virens
Empidonax alnorum
Empidonax minimus
Vireo solitarius
Vireo olivaceus
Cyanocitta cristata
Poecile atricapillus
Sitta canadensis
Sitta carolinensis
Certhia americana
Troglodytes troglodytes
Regulus satrapa
Catharus ustulatus
Catharus guttatus
Turdus migratorius
Bombycilla cedrorum
Parula americana
Dendroica pensylvanica
Dendroica caerulescens
Dendroica coronata
Dendroica virens
Dendroica fusca
Mniotilta varia
Setophaga ruticilla
Seiurus aurocapilla

February 7, 2013

S-Rank

NBDNR Status
Rank

S5B
S5B
S5
S5
S5B
S5B
S5B
S5B
S5B
S5B
S5
S5
S5
S5
S5B
S5B
S5B
S5B
S5B
S5B
S5B
S5B
S5B
S5B
S5B
S5B
S5B
S5B
S5B
S5B

Secure
Secure
Secure
Secure
Secure
Secure
Secure
Secure
Secure
Secure
Secure
Secure
Secure
Secure
Secure
Secure
Secure
Secure
Secure
Secure
Secure
Secure
Secure
Secure
Secure
Secure
Secure
Secure
Secure
Secure

Maximum Number of
Individuals Observed
within 100m
2009
2011
2012
2
2
13
3
7
5
2
1
2
5
7
1
5
2
2
6
2
7
13
6
4
5
2
41
42
50
1
2
1
5
1
1
2
2
2
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
3
4
4
9
6
7
11
1
5
7
7
9
12
14
33
28
37
1
1
22
29
36
5
5
3
1
1
10
18
16
49
45
75

23

Average Density (#/ha)


2009
2011
2012
0.03
0.03
0.21
0.05
0.11
0.08
0.03
0.02
0.03
0.08
0.11
0.02
0.08
0.03
0.03
0.10
0.03
0.11
0.21
0.10
0.06
0.08
0.03
0.65
0.67
0.79
0.02
0.03
0.02
0.08
0.02
0.02
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.05
0.05
0.03
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.14
0.10
0.11
0.17
0.02
0.08
0.11
0.11
0.14
0.19
0.22
0.53
0.45
0.59
0.02
0.02
0.35
0.46
0.57
0.08
0.08
0.05
0.00
0.02
0.02
0.16
0.29
0.25
0.78
0.72
1.19

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Table 3.9

Maximum Number and Density of Birds Recorded at Point Counts in 2009, 2011, and 2012.

Common Name

Scientific Name
(AC CDC 2012 nomenclature)

Mourning Warbler
Common Yellowthroat
Song Sparrow
Lincoln's Sparrow
White-throated Sparrow
Dark-eyed Junco
Rose-breasted Grosbeak
Purple Finch

Oporornis philadelphia
Geothlypis trichas
Melospiza melodia
Melospiza lincolnii
Zonotrichia albicollis
Junco hyemalis
Pheucticus ludovicianus
Carpodacus purpureus

S-Rank
S5B
S5B
S5B
S5B
S5B
S5B
S5B
S4B

NBDNR Status
Rank
Secure
Secure
Secure
Secure
Secure
Secure
Secure
Secure
Total
Richness

Maximum Number of
Individuals Observed
within 100m
2009
2011
2012
8
9
17
5
4
5
2
2
2
1
3
7
11
8
12
4
7
1
3
1
275
274
343
34
29
32

AC CDC S-Ranks:
S1 = Extremely rare throughout its range in the province (typically 5 or fewer occurrences or very few remaining
individuals). May be especially vulnerable to extirpation.
S2 = Rare throughout its range in the province (6 to 20 occurrences or few remaining individuals). May be vulnerable to
extirpation due to rarity or other factors.
S3 = Uncommon throughout its range in the province, or found only in a restricted range, even if abundant at some
locations (21 to 100 occurrences).
S4 = Usually widespread, fairly common throughout its range in the province, and apparently secure with many
occurrences, but the species is of long-term concern (e.g., watch list) (100+ occurrences).
S5 = Widespread, abundant, and secure, under present conditions

24

Average Density (#/ha)


2009
2011
2012
0.13
0.14
0.27
0.08
0.06
0.08
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.02
0.05
0.11
0.18
0.13
0.19
0.06
0.11
0.02
0.05
0.02
4.38
4.36
5.46
-

S Rank Qualifiers:
B = Breeding (Migratory species)
N = Non-breeding (Migratory species)
? = Inexact or uncertain
C = Captive or cultivated

February 7, 2013

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Table 3.10 Number and Density of Birds in 2009, 2011, and 2012 by Distance from Turbines
Maximum Number

%Change

Density (#/ha)

Point Count Location

Distance to Nearest
Turbine (m)

2009

2011

2012

2009-2011

2009-2012

2011-2012

2009

2011

2012

KHE34

150

18

13

21

-28%

17%

62%

5.73

4.14

6.68

KHE21

160

16

13

-56%

-19%

86%

5.09

2.23

4.14

KHE27

160

16

10

18

-38%

13%

80%

5.09

3.18

5.73

KHE25

170

17

15

19

-12%

12%

27%

5.41

4.77

6.05

KHE19

210

15

18

14

20%

-7%

-22%

4.77

5.73

4.46

KHE32

210

15

14

20

-7%

33%

43%

4.77

4.46

6.37

KHE35

230

13

18

17

38%

31%

-6%

4.14

5.73

5.41

KHE07

240

13

21

13

62%

0%

-38%

4.14

6.68

4.14

KHE33

330

17

19

20

12%

18%

5%

5.41

6.05

6.37

KHE15

350

15

10

14

-33%

-7%

40%

4.77

3.18

4.46

KHE09

380

14

16

14

14%

0%

-13%

4.46

5.09

4.46

KHE05

400

10

17

14

70%

40%

-18%

3.18

5.41

4.46

KHE23

410

15

10

15

-33%

0%

50%

4.77

3.18

4.77

KHE03

440

10

11

18

10%

80%

64%

3.18

3.50

5.73

KHE17

520

12

12

13

0%

8%

8%

3.82

3.82

4.14

KHE01

560

12

10

23

-17%

92%

130%

3.82

3.18

7.32

KHE11

580

16

14

100%

75%

-13%

2.55

5.09

4.46

KHE29

620

13

14

29

8%

123%

107%

4.14

4.46

9.23

KHE28

710

12

12

22

0%

83%

83%

3.82

3.82

7.00

KHE13

770

14

11

12

-21%

-14%

9%

4.46

3.50

3.82

275

274

343

-0.4

25%

25%

4.38

4.36

5.46

Total Number/% Change and Average Density

February 7, 2013

25

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Changes in bird density (i.e., actual change in density and percent change in density) from preconstruction (2009) to post-construction (2012), looking at overall differences (regardless of
distance to nearest turbine) and on distance to nearest turbine by distance category (i.e., : near
0 to 250 m, medium 251 to 500 m, far >500 m), were examined using an analysis of variance
(ANOVA), with the results presented in Table 3.11. Results of the ANOVA examining the
changes in densities between the 2009 and 2012 breeding bird survey results indicate that there
was a significant decrease in the overall absolute and percent change in bird density with
increasing distance to nearest turbine (p<0.01), by actual distance, but not by distance category
(Table 3.11). In 2011, there were no significant differences in the absolute or percent change in
bird density by actual distsance or by distance category (Stantec Consulting 2012).
Table 3.11

Results of ANOVA of Breeding Bird Densities (2009 compared to 2012)


Mean

Change in Density by Distance


Actual Change
Overall*
1.08
20
Near
0.48
8
Medium
0.75
6
Far
2.23
6
Percent Change
Overall*
28.92
20
Near
10.00
8
Medium
21.95
6
Far
61.12
6

Std. Dev.

SE of
Mean

Lower 95% CI
for Mean

Upper 95% CI
for Mean

1.54
0.85
1.08
2.13

0.34
0.30
0.44
0.87

0.36
-0.23
-0.38
-0.01

1.80
1.19
1.88
4.46

40.41
17.84
33.22
52.74

9.04
6.31
13.56
21.53

10.01
-4.91
-12.91
5.77

47.84
24.92
56.81
116.48

P-value

8.93

0.005** ()

2.90

0.08

10.24

0.003** ()

3.68

0.05

Note:
* ANOVA conducted based on all samples regardless of distance.
** there was a significant increase in the overall density of birds detected between 2009 and 2012. Similarly, there was a
significant increase in the overall percent change in density between 2009 and 2012.

Appendix G provides a summary of species observations by point count, sorted by the distance
to the nearest turbine. Additional analyses were undertaken for the four most common species,
which are discussed below.
Red-eyed Vireo had a reduction in numbers within 160 m of turbines in 2011 and 2012, but
showed an increase in numbers at greater distances, most notably in 2012, though this trend
was not consistent.
While Ovenbird had its greatest decrease at one of the sites within 160 m of a turbine in both
2011 and 2012, there was no change at the other turbine within 160 m or the 170 m site in
2011, and at greater distances there was no noticeable trend in 2011. That changed in 2012,
when there was no change or an increase in numbers at all of the remaining turbines, with an
overall increase of 53%.
In 2011 Black-throated Blue Warbler numbers were down for the point counts near turbines
(160-170 m), and also decreased at further distances (e.g., 230 to 560 m); the species
rebounded in 2012, with no change overall or increases at 80% of the turbines.

26

February 7, 2013

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Black-throated Green Warbler numbers increased from 2009 to 2012 at 12 point counts at
varying distances from turbines, and were unchanged at 7 point counts. Overall, Black-throated
Green Warbler numbers increased by 32% in 2011 and 64% in 2012, as compared to 2009.
Lesser common species such as Yellow-bellied Sapsucker and Dark-eyed Junco had overall
reductions in density, whether they were close or far from turbines.
Table 3.12 presents the results of an ANOVA of changes in densities of the four most common
species from pre-construction to post-construction. There were significant changes in density
estimates between 2009 and 2012 for Black-throated Green Warblers and Ovenbirds. The
density of both these species increased between 2009 and 2012. In 2011, there was only a
significant difference (p<0.05) in the change in density of Black-throated Blue Warbler.
Table 3.12

Results of ANOVA of Change in Densities of Selected Bird Species


Mean

Black-throated
0.06
Blue Warbler
Black-throated
0.22
Green Warbler
Ovenbird
0.44
Red-eyed
0.14
Vireo
* significant increase

3.3

Std. Dev.

SE of
Mean

Lower 95% CI for


Mean

Upper 95% CI
for Mean

P-value

20

0.27

0.06

-0.06

0.19

0.52

0.47

20

0.28

0.06

0.09

0.35

8.10

0.007*

19

0.48

0.11

0.21

0.67

7.31

0.01*

20

0.39

0.08

-0.04

0.33

2.50

0.12

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION CONCERN

No SARA listed Endangered or Threatened species with evidence of breeding were observed
during surveys, nor were any bird species considered Endangered, Threatened, or Special
Concern by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC), but
not yet added to Schedule 1 of SARA. Chimney Swift, Threatened under SARA (Schedule 1),
was observed calling and flying through during a point count on July 2, 2011 (Point count #21;
see Figure 2.1). As the observation was a flyover, it was not counted as a potential breeder at
the point count; however the individual was likely breeding in the area, as there is potential
breeding habitat in mature hardwood forest stands surrounding the turbines. Chimney Swift was
confirmed as breeding in 2007 during area searches in the mature hardwood forest between
turbines F5 and E4 (Jacques Whitford 2007). Chimney Swifts have been noted incidentally in
the area during the monitoring program (i.e. in June 2011 and 2012), including near potential
breeding and roosting habitat near nearby homesteads in 2012.
Bird species of conservation concern that have been noted during the monitoring program
include Rose-breasted Grosbeak (Sensitive; CESCC 2011) recorded as a single individual
during the baseline survey and not recorded since, and Eastern Wood-pewee (Special Concern;
COSEWIC 2012). Eastern Wood-pewee was recorded in low numbers in 2009 (five individuals,
each at five points between 170 m and 620 m from turbines), absent in 2011, and had an
individual observation at two turbines in 2012 (greater than 330 m from a turbine).

February 7, 2013

27

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

The eastern red bat casualty recorded in 2012 is ranked S2? by AC CDC (2012), and has a
general status rank of Undetermined (CESCC 2011).

28

February 7, 2013

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

4.0

CONCLUSION

The 2012 Kent Hills Wind Farm Expansion Post-Construction Monitoring Program was
undertaken to assess the direct and indirect effects of operating wind turbines in the Expansion
area on birds and bats, during the second year of operations. Direct effects were assessed
through weekly casualty surveys at 10 turbines over a 27-week period from mid-April to midOctober. Indirect effects (i.e., displacement or habitat avoidance) were assessed by repeating
the breeding bird point count surveys that were conducted in 2009 during pre-construction
conditions and 2011 in the first year of operation.
The results of Year 2 monitoring of the Expansion yielded low mortality rates. Similar numbers
were recorded for the initial phase of the wind farm and first year of the Expansion. In total, four
bird carcasses and one bat carcass were found during the 2012 casualty searches. As
discussed in Section 3.3, the bat found during casualty searches, an eastern red bat (Lasiurus
borealis), has an undetermined general status, with an S-Rank of S2?; whereas the bird species
found as casualties are common in the region. No raptors were recorded as casualties. When
the mortality estimate correction equation was applied to these numbers, taking into account
scavenger impact data, searcher efficiency trial results, and percent area searched calculations,
the estimated number of bird and bat mortalities for the 27-week monitoring period in 2012 was
1.01 birds per turbine, or 0.34 birds per MW; as well as 0.23 bats per turbine, or 0.08 bats per
MW. These numbers are similar to the estimated mortality rates in 2009 and 2010 for the Kent
Hills Wind Farm, but lower as compared to 2011 results (Table 4.1).
Table 4.1

Mortality Rates Comparison within Kent Hills Wind Farm

Program
Initial Phase
Expansion

Year
2009
2010
2011
2012

Casualties Per Turbine


Birds
Bats
0.96
0.41
0.39
0.10
1.41
0.95
1.01
0.23

Casualties Per MW
Birds
Bats
0.33
0.14
0.13
0.03
0.47
0.32
0.34
0.08

The National Wind Coordinating Collaborative (NWCC) provides a summary of studies


conducted at more than 60 wind farms throughout North America. Results from this summary
report show that estimates of bird casualties have been found to be fairly consistent in that 42 of
the 63 studies report casualties of 3 casualties/MW/year (Strickland et al., 2011). In
comparison, the estimated casualty rate of birds in 2012 at the Kent Hills Expansion was found
to be low at 0.34 birds per MW for the 27-week monitoring period. With respect to bats, of the
66 studies reported in Strickland et al., (2011) that provided estimates of bat casualties, most
wind farms (54) report bat casualties <10 casualties per MW per year, and range from 0.07 to
39.7 bat casualties per MW. In comparison, the estimated casualty rate of bats at the Kent Hills
Expansion in 2012 is 0.08 bats per MW for the 27-week monitoring period.

February 7, 2013

29

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Avian mortality studies from 14 North American facilities were reviewed by Arnett et al. (2007).
Corrected avian mortality estimates ranged from 0.63 to 7.7 birds per turbine or 0.95 to 11.7 bird
casualties per MW. Arnett et al. (2008) reviewed bat studies from 22 North American wind
facilities, and found that corrected estimates of bat mortality rates ranged from 0.1 to 69.6 bats
per turbine or 0.2 to 53.3 bats per MW across North America.
The Mars Hill Wind Farm is situated approximately 240 km west-southwest of the Kent Hills
Wind Farm. Fatalities at the Mars Hill Wind Farm were 2.04 birds per turbine and 0.68 bats per
turbine (Stantec Consulting Inc. 2009a). It should be noted, however, that methodologies
differed between the Expansion 2012 monitoring protocol and the Mars Hill 2008 monitoring
protocol.
The Stetson Mountain Windfarms (Stetson I and Stetson II), also located approximately 240 km
west in Maine, have undergone similar post-construction monitoring programs since 2009.
Monitoring of Stetson I in 2009 and 2011, involved weekly surveys at 19 of the 38 turbines over
27 consecutive weeks. Estimates of fatalities were 2.68 birds and 1.40 bats per MW per year in
2009 (Stantec Consulting Inc. 2009b) and 1.18 birds and 0.28 bats per MW per year in 2011
(Normandeau Associates, Inc. 2011). Monitoring of the 17-turbine Stetson II facility in 2010
produced fatatlity estimates of 1.42 birds and 1.65 bats per MW per study year (Normandeau
Associates, Inc. 2010).
With regards to the breeding bird surveys, observations made during the breeding season are
comparable to those made during pre-construction surveys in 2009 and the operation surveys in
2011, and are typical of the area. Overall bird numbers and species diversity remained fairly
consistent, although there was a notable increase in overall numbers in 2012.
Changes in bird density (i.e., actual change in density and percent change in density) from preconstruction (2009) to post-construction (2011 and 2012), based on distance to nearest turbine
(i.e., separately by actual distance in metres and by distance category: near 0-250m, medium
251-500m, far >500m), were examined using an analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results of the
ANOVA examining the changes in densities between the 2009 and 2012 breeding bird survey
results indicate that there was a significant difference in the absolute and percent change in bird
density with distance to nearest turbine (p<0.01), by actual distance, differing from the results
from 2011 where there were no significant differences. Results of an ANOVA of changes in
densities of the four most common species (Black-throated Blue Warbler, Black-throated Green
Warbler, Ovenbird and Red-eyed Vireo) from pre-construction to post-construction (2012),
based on the distance to nearest turbine, found a significant increase (p<0.05) in the density of
Black-throated Green Warbler and Ovenbird between 2009 and 2012.
Impacts to birds and migrating bats were expected to be low following the results of the preconstruction monitoring work at the Kent Hills Wind Farm Expansion; the results of the postconstruction monitoring program in 2011 and 2012 support that conclusion. The total estimated
annual mortality rates for 2011 and 2012 fall within the lower end of the reported range of
estimated mortalities at wind farms throughout North America and Canada.

30

February 7, 2013

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

This report has been prepared on behalf of and for the exclusive use of TransAlta and its
representatives for the Expansion. This review only represents the literature available at the
time of its preparation. The conclusions presented herein represent the best judgment of
Stantec based on current knowledge and standards. Stantec attests that to the best of our
knowledge, the information presented in this report is accurate.
Sincerely,
STANTEC CONSULTING LTD.
(Draft not signed)

(Draft not signed)

Greg A, M, Johnson, M.Sc. Senior


Associate, Project Manager
Environmental Services

Derek Ebner, M.Sc., P.Biol.


Senior Reviewer, Senior Wildlife Biologist

February 7, 2013

31

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

5.0

REFERENCES

5.1

LITERATURE CITED

Arnett, E.B., D.B. Inkley, D.H. Johnson, R.P. Larkin, S. Manes, A.M. Manville, J.R. Mason, M.L.
Morrison, M.D. Strickland, and R. Thresher. 2007. Impacts of Wind Energy Facilities on
Wildlife and Wildlife Habitats. Wildlife Society Technical Review 07-2. The Wildlife Society,
Bethesda, Maryland.
Arnett, E.B., Brown, W.K., Erickson, W.P., Fiedler, J.k., Hamilton, B.L., Henry, T.H., Jain, A.,
Johnson, G.D., Kerns, J., Koford, R.R., Nicholson, C.P., OConnell, T.J., Piorkowski, M.D.,
Tankersley, R.D. Jr. 2008. Patterns of Bat Fatalities at Wind Energy Facilities in North
America. The Journal of Wildlife Management, 72(1).
Atlantic Canada Conservation Data Centre (AC CDC). 2012. Rarity Ranks and Legal Status
New Brunswick Vertebrates URL: http://accdc.com/webranks/NBVERT.htm last updated
August 2012. Accessed December 15, 2012.
Canadian Endangered Species Conservation Council (CESCC). 2011. Wild Species 2010: The
General Status of Species in Canada. National General Status Working Group.
Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC). 2012. COSEWIC
Wildlife Species Assessments (detailed version), November 2012.
URL:
http://www.cosewic.gc.ca/rpts/Detailed_Species_Assessments_e.pdf.
Downloaded
December 17, 2012.
Environment Canada. 2007. Recommended Protocols for Monitoring Impacts of Wind Turbines
on Birds. April 2007.
Government of Canada. 2012. Speceis at Risk Public Registry Species List (Schedule 1).
URL: http://www.sararegistry.gc.ca/species/schedules_e.cfm?id=1. Last updated 2012-0706. Last accessed: 2012-12-21.
Jacques Whitford. 2007. EIA Registration File Number 4561-3-1128: Kent Hills Wind Farm,
TransAlta Wind Response to Comments. Letter report to New Brunswick Department of
Environment, Project Assessment Branch, dated August 20, 2007.
Morrison, M. 2002. Searcher Bias and Scavenging Rates in Bird/Wind Energy Studies. National
Renewable Energy Laboratories, Colorado.
Normandeau Associates, Inc. 2010. Stetson Mountain II Wind Project Year 1 Post-Construction
Avian and Bat Mortality Monitoring Study, T8 R4 NBPP, Maine. Prepared By: Normandeau
Associates, Inc., Falmouth, ME. December 2, 2010.
Normandeau Associates, Inc. 2011. Year 3 Post- Construction Avian and Bat Casualty
Monitoring at the Stetson I Wind Farm, T8 R4 NBPP, Maine. Prepared By: Normandeau
Associates, Inc., Falmouth, ME. December 2011.
Pyle, P. 1997. Identification guide to North American birds - part 1. Slate Creek Press, Bolinas,
CA.

32

February 7, 2013

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Stantec Consulting Inc. 2009a. Post-construction Monitoring at the Mars Hill Wind Farm, Maine
Year 2. 2008. Prepared For: First Wind Management, LLC. Prepared By: Stantec
Consulting, Topsham, ME. January 2009.
Stantec Consulting Inc. 2009b. Stetson I Mountain Wind Project Year 1 Post-Construction
Monitoring Report, 2009 for the Stetson Mountain Wind Project In Penobscot and
Washington
Counties,
Ma.
URL:
http://www.batsandwind.org/pdf/Stetson%20I,%20ME%20Post%20Construction%202009.p
df accessed November 27, 2012.
Stantec Consulting Ltd. 2010. Kent Hills Wind Farm 2009 Post-Construction Monitoring
Program. Final Report. Prepared For: TransAlta Corporation. Prepared By: Stantec
Consulting Ltd, Saint John, NB. February 24, 2010.
Stantec Consulting Ltd. 2011. Kent Hills Wind Farm 2010 Post-Construction Monitoring
Program. Final Report. Prepared For: TransAlta Corporation. Prepared By: Stantec
Consulting Ltd, Saint John, NB. January 24, 2011.
Stantec Consulting Ltd. 2012. Kent Hills Wind Farm Expansion 2011 Post-Construction
Monitoring Program. Final Report. Prepared For: TransAlta Corporation. Prepared By:
Stantec Consulting Ltd, Saint John, NB. March 6, 2012.
Strickland, M.D., E.B. Arnett, W.P. Erickson, D.H. Johnson, G.D. Johnson, M.L. Morrison, J.A.
Shaffer, and W. Warren-Hicks. 2011. Comprehensive Guide to Studying Wind
Energy/Wildlife Interactions. Prepared for the National Wind Coordinating Collaborative,
Washington, D.C., USA. 289 pp.

5.2

PERSONAL COMMUNICATIONS

Fell, Denise. Personal Communication, via email. February 25, 2009.

February 7, 2013

33

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

34

February 7, 2013

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

APPENDIX A
Protocol

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Protocol
Kent Hills Wind Farm Expansion
Post-Construction
Bird and Bat Monitoring
April 2011

TransAlta Corporation
110 - 12th Avenue S.W.
Box 1900, Station M
Calgary, Alberta
T2P 2M1

(403) 267-2000
www.transalta.com

Introduction
TransAlta Corp. (TransAlta) has developed the Kent Hills Wind Farm Expansion (the
Project) in Albert County, New Brunswick. This Project was subject to the Clean
Environment Act, and an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) registration was
undertaken. TransAlta received a Certificate of Determination for this EIA on December
18, 2009. One of the conditions of approval was the undertaking of post-construction
monitoring of bird and bat resources at the site. This document presents a protocol for
this follow-up program, incorporating comments from Environment Canada/Canadian
Wildlife Service (EC) and the New Brunswick Department of Natural Resources
(NBDNR), following their review of an earlier draft dated January 2010.

Background
For the Kent Hills Wind Farm New Brunswick EIA registration, and subsequent
Environmental Assessment (EA) Report to support a Screening under the Canadian
Environmental Assessment Act (CEAA), extensive fieldwork, consultation and analysis
was undertaken. This included a thorough characterization of the natural environment at
the site of the original Kent Hills Wind Farm and Expansion, including vegetation, birds
and other vertebrate species. Specifically, for the original application, bird surveys were
carried out onsite for seven seasons (spring, summer and fall of 2006; winter, spring,
summer and fall 2007). For the Expansion Project application, a 2008 fall bird migration
study was completed focusing on the Expansion (G-row and H-Row) part of the Study
Area, to supplement the 2006 and 2007 data.

Habitat
The Kent Hills Wind Farm Expansion is located in the Southern New Brunswick Uplands
Ecoregion of the Atlantic Maritime Ecozone, in eastern New Brunswick. Kent Hills is
located 5 km northeast of Fundy National Park. The site is situated on a plateau and is
irregularly shaped, approximately 12 km long and as much as 5.5 km wide. The land is
currently owned by the province (Crown Land), and there are logging roads to and
through the site which are frequently used by ATV drivers. The Study Area is located
between elevation 350 m and 400 m. The habitat within the Project boundaries is
predominately mixed or hardwood forest, with some nursery/plantation areas. Much of
the habitat is young, with numerous clear-cuts at various stages of regeneration.

Birds
As part of the original EIA Report a field program was employed to collect data on birds
in the Primary Study Area, with emphasis on migrating birds. A migration monitoring
program was undertaken in the spring (April/May) and autumn (September/October) of
2006. Additionally, breeding bird surveys were conducted within the Primary Study Area
in June 2006. The results of these surveys were presented in the original EIA report.
Supplemental surveys were also conducted in the breeding and fall migration seasons in
2007. A migration and breeding bird monitoring report for the 2007 surveys was
provided in the response to TRC Comments.

Post-Construction Monitoring Protocol


Kent Hills Wind Farm Expansion

April 2011

Page 2

As follow up to the 2006 and 2007 bird monitoring programs, a 2008 fall bird migration
study was completed focusing on the Expansion (G-row and H-Row) part of the Study
Area, to supplement the 2006 and 2007 data.
Post-construction bird and bat monitoring was conducted at the Kent Hills Wind Farm in
2009 and 2010. Indirect effects (i.e. displacement, habitat avoidance) were assessed in
2009 by replication of the breeding bird point count surveys that were undertaken during
pre-construction (baseline) conditions. Direct effects (mortality) to birds and bats were
assessed in 2009 and 2010 through carcass searches around a subset of 20 of the 32
wind turbines during the 26 week monitoring period.

Scope of Monitoring
TransAlta has committed to undertaking up to two years of focused post-construction
monitoring, with a commitment to assess the results of the first year of monitoring in
cooperation with EC and NBDNR to determine the need for the second year.
Monitoring will focus on the assessment of direct effects to birds and bats and indirect
effects to birds of operating wind turbines in the Kent Hills Wind Farm Expansion.
Indirect effects will be assessed through repeating the breeding bird point count surveys
to compare pre-construction conditions with those during the first year or two years of
Project operation. Direct effects to birds and bats will be monitored by carcass searches
at 10 wind turbine sites in the Expansion area.
The spatial extent of the post-construction monitoring will include the extent of the Kent
Hills Wind farm Expansion as constructed. Temporally, bird and bat casualty surveys will
be undertaken during the spring, summer and fall, as outlined below.

Survey Methodology
The survey methodology outlined below is considered appropriate for this Project, and is
based on standardized and tested methodology of surveys completed at other TransAlta
operational projects and other wind energy facilities. Consideration was given to
Environment Canadas protocol guidance document (Environment Canada 2007) during
the drafting of this protocol.

Direct Effects - Casualty Surveys


Casualty surveys will be undertaken during spring (mid-April to mid-June), summer (midJune to mid-August) and fall (mid-August to mid-October) for a 26 week survey period.
Frequency of surveys will be weekly, but this may be increased if carcass
removal/scavenging frequency is high at the site (see below).
A representative sample of 10 of the 18 wind turbines will be selected for surveying, and
will be representative of spatial extent of the wind farm, lit vs. unlit, and habitat found in
the Project area. At each turbine, a circular plot will be searched, with a radius of 50 m
centered on the base of the turbine. All open area within this circular plot will be
searched for casualties, and an assessment completed on a site-by-site basis as to the
efficacy of searching in vegetated areas within the plot. If searcher efficiency is
compromised in certain areas, the approximate area compromised will be mapped and

Post-Construction Monitoring Protocol


Kent Hills Wind Farm Expansion

April 2011

Page 3

noted for later use in correcting for the percent area searched in estimating the total
mortality.
Searching will be efficient through the use of two people and a rope 57 m in length. This
methodology has proven very effective for casualty searches at TransAltas
Summerview Wind Farm. One observer is situated at the end of the rope and another is
situated 7 m from the end of the rope (57 m and 50 m from the turbine base,
respectively). As the observers walk together in a circle around the base of the turbine,
keeping the rope taut, the rope wraps around the turbine base, thus creating a spiral
search path, which continues until the observers are at the base of the turbine. This
method allows the observers to focus on searching for bird and bat casualties without
being distracted by following flagged paths or prescribed search areas. This method was
used during the casualty searches in 2009 and 2010 at the Kent Hills Wind Farm.
Each carcass detected will be identified to species, aged and sexed in the field if
possible (using Pyle (1997) or other sources), or retained for future identification, ageing
and sexing. (Note: appropriate federal and provincial scientific collection permits will be
obtained from EC and NBDNR if specimens are to be retained.) The location of each
carcass will be recorded using a handheld GPS, and the condition of the carcass (Table
1) and probable cause of death (with rationale for the determination) will be noted.
Carcasses of bats and birds will be removed from the sampling area to avoid attracting
scavengers, and assuming the appropriate permits are obtained, specimens will be
made available to NB Museum and university staff for examination and/or necropsy.
In light of the recent discovery of White-nose Syndrome in Albert County NB, all bat
carcasses discovered during the 2011 monitoring program will be delivered to the NB
Museum. Subsequent analyses (conducted by Museum staff) may help to further the
understanding of the distribution or spatial extent of bats infected with the White-nose
disease.
Table 1. Carcass condition categories.
Code

Description

M
F
R
D

Injured or moribund.
Freshly dead with little or no decay or scavenging by insects; probably died within 48 hours.
Recently dead but with noticeable decay or scavenging by insects; probably died within 1-7 days.
Decomposed carcass, barely recognizable or not recognizable to species; probably dead more
than 7 days.
Residual remains, such as feathers, bones, blood or other scraps of tissue.

In addition to bird and bat carcasses, any injured or moribund individuals will be
recorded in the same fashion as above for fatalities. These moribund individuals will be
humanely euthanized (the appropriate permit will be obtained from the relevant agency).
Circumstantial evidence of bird or bat casualty (e.g., feathers, blood spots) will be noted,
geo-referenced and identified to species if possible (in the case of bird feathers).
To assess the influence of scavenging on carcass removal in each season, a sample of
carcasses (such as chicks, quails and chickens obtained from suppliers) will be placed in
similar habitat at least 500m away from any sample station and checked daily for a
period of a week, or until all of the carcasses have been scavenged. Results of this test
will be used to correct mortality estimates for the effect of carcass removal by
scavengers.

Post-Construction Monitoring Protocol


Kent Hills Wind Farm Expansion

April 2011

Page 4

Searcher efficiency trials are designed to correct for carcasses that may be overlooked
by searchers during the survey periods. To facilitate this correction, trial carcasses will
be placed within the search area prior to the regular search by someone other than
searchers. Searcher efficiency trials will be done blindly, in that searchers will not know
they are being tested. After the regular search, the person doing the trial will return to
the search areas and retrieve any overlooked trial carcasses. Collected trial carcasses
will be removed from the actual mortalities during calculations of the total mortality
estimate. Searchers will walk following the searching method noted above. Each
searcher will walk the search path noting the location of carcasses. This test will provide
a measure of variability between searchers and searching success for the study team,
offering an overall estimate of the efficiency of the searching methodology.
These trials will be repeated in each season of sampling to address inter-seasonal
variability in scavenging removal and searcher efficiency rates (due to vegetation cover
differences).

Indirect Effects Breeding Bird Point counts


In order to allow for an assessment of indirect effects to birds (habitat avoidance,
displacement), breeding bird surveys will be undertaken in 2011. The 20 point count
locations surveyed during the EIA fieldwork will be re-surveyed using the same
methodology to facilitate a direct comparison between pre-construction and postconstruction breeding bird diversity and abundance. Two surveys will be conducted, one
in early June and one in late June using 10 minute point counts. All birds (species and
number) observed, either by sight or song will be noted. Three distance categories will
be used for recording: 0-50 m from the observer, 50-100 m and greater than 100 m.
Birds flying overhead will be noted separately from the point count observations. Data
will also be collected on weather conditions during the point count surveys, including
temperature, wind speed and direction, precipitation and visibility. Point counts will not
be conducted in heavy rain or strong winds.
Incidental observations will be recorded of species in the area during each survey day
outside of the point count surveys conducted in the early morning hours. The observer
will note specific details, including location and behaviour for any species of
conservation concern noted through incidental observation.

Data Analysis and Reporting


A final report will be produced that will provide raw data and results analysis of the postconstruction monitoring program. The report will be shared with EC and NBDNR for
review and discussion. Based on the results of the 2011 monitoring work, and
consultation with EC and NBDRN, requirements for subsequent monitoring in 2012 will
be determined.

Post-Construction Monitoring Protocol


Kent Hills Wind Farm Expansion

April 2011

Page 5

Literature Cited
Environment Canada. 2007. Recommended Protocols for Monitoring Impacts of Wind
Turbines on Birds. April 2007.
Pyle, P. 1997. Identification guide to North American birds - part 1. Slate Creek Press,
Bolinas, CA.

Post-Construction Monitoring Protocol


Kent Hills Wind Farm Expansion

April 2011

Page 6

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

APPENDIX B
Wildlife Collection Permits

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

APPENDIX C
Detailed Calculations

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

CALCULATIONS SUMMARIES
The methodologies for calculating Scavenger Impact Trial value, the overall weighted Searcher
Efficiency values, the Percent Area Searched and the final Corrected Mortality Estimate value
are illustrated below.
SEARCHER EFFICIENCY TRIAL CALCULATION
Searcher efficiency (Se) was calculated for each search team using the following equation:

Se =

number of test carcasses found


(number of test carcasses placed) (number of test carcasses cavenged)

Searchers searched varying numbers of turbines over the course of the casualty surveys, and it
was necessary to find a weighted average which reflected the proportion of turbines each
search team searched. This weighted average, or overall searcher efficiency, was calculated as
follows:

Seo = Se1(n1/T) + Se2(n2/T) + Se3(n3/T) + Se...(n.../T)...


Where:

Seo
Se1 and 2 and

is the overall searcher efficiency;


are individual searcher efficiency ratings;

3...

N1 and 2 and 3...

are number of turbines searched by each searcher; and

is the total number of turbines searched by all searchers.

The overall searcher efficiency was calculated separately for each season that the casualty
surveys ran (Table C1).

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Table C1

Weighted Searcher Efficiency Trial Results Seasonal and Overall

Date

Survey
Team

Number of
Carcasses
Placed

Number
Scavenged

Number
overlooked

Number of
carcasses
found

Se(team)

T1

Avg

30-Apr
30-Apr
4-Jun
4-Jun

HF/TJK
JAB/TJK
RB/JAB
RB/TJK

10
10
10
10

0
0
0
0

2
4
2
2

8
6
8
8

0.800
0.600
0.800
0.800

15
15
15
45
90

0.1667
0.1667
0.1667
0.5000
1.0000

Season

Spring
(mid-Apr to
mid-Jun)

Total
Summer
(mid-Jun to mid-Aug)
Trial conducted 25-Jun
Fall
(mid-Aug to mid-Oct)
Trial conducted 3-Sept

Overall

(1)

Se (Season)
0.1333
0.1000
0.1333
0.4000
0.7667

RB/TJK

20

15

0.750

90

0.7500

RB/TJK

20

11

0.450

90

0.4500

HF/TJK
JAB/TJK
RB/JAB
RB/TJK
RB/TJK
RB/TJK

10
10
10
10
20
20

0
0
0
0
0
0

2
4
2
2
5
11

8
6
8
8
15
9

0.800
0.6000
0.800
0.800
0.7500
0.4500

15
15
15
45
90
90
270

Total
T1
Total turbines searched per team for Season
Avg(1)
Total turbines searched per team/Total turbines searched per season
Se (team) = the searcher efficiency of each team
Se (season) = the searcher efficiency for the season.
Se (season) [Avg(1)][Se(team)]

0.0556
0.0556
0.0556
0.1667
0.3333
0.3333
0.675

0.0444
0.0333
0.0444
0.1333
0.2500
0.1500
0.6556

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

PERCENT AREA SEARCHED CALCULATION


Percent area searched methodology is discussed in section 2.2.1 of the Report. Below provides
the calculations for percent area searched by season.
Percent area searched (Ps) is calculated as follows:

Ps = area searched
r2

where r = 50 m

In this equation, area searched refers to the unvegetated, searchable areas within the 50 m
radius searched, and r is the radius corresponding to the size of the area Environment Canada
identified as most likely to find the carcasses.
Since the searchable area around a turbine varied per turbine, the weighted average Ps of all
searched turbines (weighted by total number of searches for each turbine) was used in the
correction equation. The area searched around each turbine was determined using a GPS to
map out the approximate limits of the area searched. Using ArcInfo, this area was calculated for
each turbine, and is presented in Table C2, along with the percent area searched for each
turbine.
Table C2 Searchable Area and Percent Area Searched for Each Turbine
Turbine

Searchable Area (m )

E3
5905.3
E5
5595.2
E6**
4622.9
E8
5329.6
G1
5462.5
H1
5400.9
H3
5597.7
H5
4876.3
H7
4828.3
H8
5636.6
I1
3885.9
* Ps (turbine) is the percent area searched for a particular turbine.
** alternate turbine

Ps (turbine)*
0.7539
0.7143
0.5902
0.6804
0.6973
0.6895
0.7146
0.6225
0.6164
0.7196
0.4961

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Table C3
Season

Spring

Summer

Fall

S1
Avg(1)
Ps

Calculation of Percent Area Searched by Season


S1
7
9
2
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
90

Avg
0.0778
0.1000
0.0222
0.1000
0.1000
0.1000
0.1000
0.1000
0.1000
0.1000
0.1000
1.0000

(1)

Ps
0.0586
0.0714
0.0131
0.0680
0.0697
0.0689
0.0715
0.0623
0.0616
0.0720
0.0496
0.6688

Total

9
8
2
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
90

0.1000
0.0889
0.0222
0.1000
0.1000
0.1000
0.1000
0.1000
0.1000
0.1000
0.1000
1.0000

0.0754
0.0635
0.0131
0.0605
0.0697
0.0689
0.0715
0.0623
0.0616
0.0720
0.0496
0.6681

Total

9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
90

0.1000
0.1000
0.1000
0.1000
0.1000
0.1000
0.1000
0.1000
0.1000
0.1000
1.0000

0.0754
0.0714
0.0680
0.0697
0.0689
0.0715
0.0623
0.0616
0.0720
0.0496
0.6704

Turbine
E3
E5
E6
E8
G1
H1
H3
H5
H7
H8
I1
Total
E3
E5
E6
E8
G1
H1
H3
H5
H7
H8
I1
E3
E5
E8
G1
H1
H3
H5
H7
H8
I1

Total Searches per turbine for season


S1/Total Searches for season
[Avg(1)][Ps(turbine)]

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

ESTIMATED MORTALITY CORRECTION EQUATION CALCULATION


Mortality Correction Equation:

C = (c / (Se x Sc x Ps)) x (K/n),


Where:

is the corrected number of bird or bat mortalities for the entire expansion;

is the number of carcasses found;

Se

is the proportion of carcasses expected to be found by searchers (searcher


efficiency);

Sc

is the proportion of carcasses not removed by scavengers over the search


period; and,

Ps

is the percent of the area searched.

is the number of turbines searched

is the total number of turbines in the wind farm

Corrected bird mortality estimates and bat mortality estimates are calculated separately per
season, and are provided below in Tables C4 and C5. Because different searchers worked for
differing lengths of time, their efficiencies are weighted by season, then added together for the
overall 27-week monitoring period. Searcher efficiency and scavenger trials, and percent area
searched are all used for the correction of bird and bat mortality estimates.

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Table C4

Estimated Bird Mortality Correction Results

3.63
8.35
7.01

Casualties
per turbine
0.20
0.46
0.39

Casualties
Per MW
0.07
0.15
0.13

18.20

1.01

0.34

Casualties
Per MW
0.00
0.08
0.00
0.08

Season

Se

Sc

Ps

K/n

Spring
Summer
Fall

0.7667
0.7500
0.4500

0.9688
0.8605
0.8511

0.6668
0.6681
0.6704

1.8000
1.8000
1.8000

1
2
1

Overall

0.6556

0.9026

0.6684

1.8000

n=10; K=18
Note:
Se = searcher efficiency
Sc = proportion of carcasses not removed by scavengers over the search period
Ps = percent of the area searched
K = number of turbines in the Expansion
n = number of turbines searched in any given week
c = number of carcasses found;
C =corrected number of bird casualties for the entire expansion

Table C5

Estimated Bat Mortality Correction Results

Season

Se

Sc

Ps

K/n

Spring
Summer
Fall

0.7667
0.7500
0.4500

0.9688
0.8605
0.8511

0.6668
0.6681
0.6704

1.8000
1.8000
1.8000

0
1
0

0.00
4.18
0.00

Casualties
Per Turbine
0.00
0.23
0.00

Overall

0.6556

0.9026

0.6684

1.8000

4.55

0.25

n=10; K=18
Note:
Se = searcher efficiency
Sc = proportion of carcasses not removed by scavengers over the search period
Ps = percent of the area searched
K = number of turbines in the Expansion
n = number of turbines searched in any given week
c = number of carcasses found;
C = corrected number of bird casualties for the entire expansion

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

APPENDIX D
Field Data Collection Forms

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

2012 Kent Hills Wind Turbine casualty search

Date

, 2012

Turbine ID ______
Temp: ______ C

Job # 121810629

Observers:

Time Start: ____________


Precipitation: ________________

Cloud Cover _______% Visibility ________km

Time End: ___________


Wind Direction: ______ Wind Speed: ______
Anything Found: Yes ____ No ____

Comments:_________________________________________________________________________

Turbine ID ______
Temp: ______ C

Time Start: ____________


Precipitation: ________________

Cloud Cover _______% Visibility ________km

Time End: ___________


Wind Direction: ______ Wind Speed: ______
Anything Found: Yes ____ No ____

Comments:____________________________________________________________________________

Turbine ID ______
Temp: ______ C

Time Start: ____________


Precipitation: ________________

Cloud Cover _______% Visibility ________km

Time End: ___________


Wind Direction: ______ Wind Speed: ______
Anything Found: Yes ____ No ____

Comments:_____________________________________________________________________________

Turbine ID ______
Temp: ______ C

Time Start: ____________


Precipitation: ________________

Cloud Cover _______% Visibility ________km

Time End: ___________


Wind Direction: ______ Wind Speed: ______
Anything Found: Yes ____ No ____

Comments:_____________________________________________________________________________

Turbine ID ______
Temp: ______ C

Time Start: ____________


Precipitation: ________________

Cloud Cover _______% Visibility ________km

Time End: ___________


Wind Direction: ______ Wind Speed: ______
Anything Found: Yes ____ No ____

Comments:_____________________________________________________________________________

2012 Kent Hills Wind Turbine casualty search

Date

, 2012

Turbine ID ______
Temp: ______ C

Job # 121810629

Observers:

Time Start: ____________


Precipitation: ________________

Cloud Cover _______% Visibility ________km

Time End: ___________


Wind Direction: ______ Wind Speed: ______
Anything Found: Yes ____ No ____

Comments:_________________________________________________________________________

Turbine ID ______
Temp: ______ C

Time Start: ____________


Precipitation: ________________

Cloud Cover _______% Visibility ________km

Time End: ___________


Wind Direction: ______ Wind Speed: ______
Anything Found: Yes ____ No ____

Comments:____________________________________________________________________________

Turbine ID ______
Temp: ______ C

Time Start: ____________


Precipitation: ________________

Cloud Cover _______% Visibility ________km

Time End: ___________


Wind Direction: ______ Wind Speed: ______
Anything Found: Yes ____ No ____

Comments:_____________________________________________________________________________

Turbine ID ______
Temp: ______ C

Time Start: ____________


Precipitation: ________________

Cloud Cover _______% Visibility ________km

Time End: ___________


Wind Direction: ______ Wind Speed: ______
Anything Found: Yes ____ No ____

Comments:_____________________________________________________________________________

Turbine ID ______
Temp: ______ C

Time Start: ____________


Precipitation: ________________

Cloud Cover _______% Visibility ________km

Time End: ___________


Wind Direction: ______ Wind Speed: ______
Anything Found: Yes ____ No ____

Comments:_____________________________________________________________________________

Bird/Bat Mortality Monitoring Form - 2012


Date and Time_________________________

Project Number___121810629__________

Study Area and Site: Kent Hills Wind Farm Expansion


Observer _____________________________________

Temperature ___________________

Weather

Wind Condition_______________________

Wind Direction :
N

NNE

Precipitation
None Fog

NE

ENE

ESE

SE

SSE

SSW

SW

Cloud Cover (%) ________


Drizzle

WSW

WNW

NW

NNW

Visibility _______________

Lt Rain Hvy Rain

Carcass Information:
Carcass ID example (Year-Month-Day)-(Searcher Initials)-(Turbine Number-Carcass Letter)
Carcass ID #
Turbine Tower #
UTM of Specimen Location
Distance and Direction to Nearest Turbine
Substrate Specimen Found In
Adjacent Structures (i.e. fence, power line,
substation) and Approximate Distance from
Specimen
Sex
Age Class
Carcass Condition Code
Keeled Calcar Present?
YES
NO
Toe Hairs Longer than Toes Nails?
YES
NO
Dorsal Tail Membrane Densely Furred?
YES
NO
Measurements (in mm)
Tragus:
Forearm:
Foot:
Species ID
Categories of Carcass Condition
CODE
M

Description
Injured or moribund

Freshly dead with little or no decay or scavenging by insects; probably died within 48 hours

Recently dead but with noticeable decay or scavenging by insects; probably died within 1-7 days

Decomposed carcass, barely recognizable or not recognizable to species; probably dead more than 7 days

Residual remains, such as feathers, bones, blood or other scraps of tissue

Comments:_________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________

Searcher Efficiency Carcass Form


Date Placed________________________________________________________________________________
Project Number, Study Area & Site 121810629 Kent Hills Expansion
Observer ______________________________Searchers____________________________________________

Weather Conditions When Placed

Temperature ______________Wind Condition____________________

Wind Direction :
N

NNE

NE

Precipitation
None Fog

Carcass Type

Native Bird
Poultry
Rat
Native Bird
Poultry

ENE

ESE

SE

SSE

SSW

Cloud Cover (%) ________


Drizzle

Poultry

Turbine
Number

Location Description
(cleared area, grassy area, on gravel
access road, within crops, etc)

Carcass clearly visible?


Carcass not clearly visible?
Description of carcasses location:
TIME:

Poultry

Poultry
Rat

WNW

NW

NNW

Visibility ______________________

Carcass Located During


Mortality Search? Yes or No.
If No, Confirm Whether
Carcass was Scavenged or
Overlooked
Yes, carcass located
No, carcass was not located
If no, carcass was:
Scavenged
Overlooked
Yes, carcass located
No, carcass was not located
If no, carcass was:
Scavenged
Overlooked

Carcass clearly visible?


Carcass not clearly visible?
Description of carcasses location:
TIME:

Yes, carcass located


No, carcass was not located
If no, carcass was:
Scavenged
Overlooked

Carcass clearly visible?


Carcass not clearly visible?
Description of carcasses location:
TIME:

Yes, carcass located


No, carcass was not located
If no, carcass was:
Scavenged
Overlooked

Carcass clearly visible?


Carcass not clearly visible?
Description of carcasses location:
TIME:

Yes, carcass located


No, carcass was not located
If no, carcass was:
Scavenged
Overlooked

Rat
Native Bird

Carcass clearly visible?


Carcass not clearly visible?
Description of carcasses location:
TIME:

Rat
Native Bird

WSW

Lt Rain Hvy Rain

Rat
Native Bird

SW

Scavenger Trials - Kent Hills 2012 - Job # 121810629


Kent Hills Wind Farm Expansion - 2012 Scavenger Trials
1

10

Site name
easting

35

35

35

35

35

35

35

35

35

35

northing

507

507

507

507

507

507

507

507

507

507

bait type
Date
SO

Scavenger Codes
SO - Set out
NC - No Change
PB - Partially buried
P - Partial remains
R - Remnants
G - Gone

SO

SO

SO

SO

SO

Notes

* barely recognizable
** beetles or slugs present

SO

SO

SO

SO

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

APPENDIX E
Mortality Surveys Results

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Table E1

Mortality Surveys Results


Turbine
#

Carcass ID#

UTM Coordinates
(NAD83 Zone 20;
Easting, Northing)

Bird/
Bat

Species

Carcass
Condition

Distance from
turbine (m)

Direction
to Turbine

Substrate Type

14-May-12

I1

2012-05-14-RB,JB-I1-A

348642, 5071459

Bird

Northern Parula

23.2

SSW

gravel

18-Jun-12

I1

2012-06-18-RB,TK-I1-A

354116, 5010609

Bird

Red-eyed Vireo

0.23

SSW

concrete base

30-Jul-12

E3

2012-07-30-RB,TK-E3-A

352819, 5072681

Bird

Great Blue Heron

35.1

ENE

gravel

7-Aug-12

I1

2012-08-07-RB,TL-I1-A

348628, 5072325

Bat

eastern red bat

15.9

SE

gravel

20-Aug-12

H8

2012-08-20-RB,TK-H8-A

349335, 5068538

Bird

unidentified vireo

1.15

SW

concrete base

Date

Carcass Condition Categories


M
Injured or moribund.
F
Freshly dead with little or no decay or scavenging by insects; probably died within 48 hours.
R
Recently dead but with noticeable decay or scavenging by insects; probably died within 1-7 days.
D
Decomposed carcass, barely recognizable or not recognizable to species; probably dead more than 7 days.
X
Residual remains, such as feathers, bones, blood or other scraps of tissue.

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

APPENDIX F
Breeding Bird Surveys Results

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

50 to 100m

>100m

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #

Table F1

01

6/15/2009

8:52

20

100

Fog

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

01

6/15/2009

8:52

20

100

Fog

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

01

6/15/2009

8:52

20

100

Fog

Least Flycatcher

Empidonax minimus

01

6/15/2009

8:52

20

100

Fog

Northern Parula

Parula americana

01

6/15/2009

8:52

20

100

Fog

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

01

6/15/2009

8:52

20

100

Fog

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

01

6/15/2009

8:52

20

100

Fog

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

01

6/15/2009

8:52

20

100

Fog

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

01

7/1/2009

6:54

15

100

Fog

Blue-headed Vireo

Vireo solitarius

01

7/1/2009

6:54

15

100

Fog

Least Flycatcher

Empidonax minimus

01

7/1/2009

6:54

15

100

Fog

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

01

7/1/2009

6:54

15

100

Fog

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

01

7/1/2009

6:54

15

100

Fog

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

01

6/7/2011

8:21

100

Fog

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

01

6/7/2011

8:21

100

Fog

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

01

6/7/2011

8:21

100

Fog

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

01

6/7/2011

8:21

100

Fog

Hairy Woodpecker

Picoides villosus

01

6/7/2011

8:21

100

Fog

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

01

6/7/2011

8:21

100

Fog

Least Flycatcher

Empidonax minimus

01

6/7/2011

8:21

100

Fog

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

Counts

>100m

50 to 100m

<50m

Common Name

2nd 5 Minutes

<50m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)

1
1
2

1
1
1

1
1
1
1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
01

6/7/2011

8:21

100

Fog

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

01

6/28/2011

6:43

14-20

None

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

01

6/28/2011

6:43

14-20

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

01

6/28/2011

6:43

14-20

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

01

6/28/2011

6:43

14-20

None

Hairy Woodpecker

Picoides villosus

01

6/28/2011

6:43

14-20

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

01

6/28/2011

6:43

14-20

None

Least Flycatcher

Empidonax minimus

01

6/28/2011

6:43

14-20

None

Northern Parula

Parula americana

01

6/28/2011

6:43

14-20

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

01

6/28/2011

6:43

14-20

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

01

6/28/2011

6:43

14-20

None

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

01

6/15/2012

7:05

12

None

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

01

6/15/2012

7:05

12

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

01

6/15/2012

7:05

12

None

Brown Creeper

Certhia americana

01

6/15/2012

7:05

12

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

01

6/15/2012

7:05

12

None

Least Flycatcher

Empidonax minimus

01

6/15/2012

7:05

12

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

01

6/15/2012

7:05

12

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

01

6/15/2012

7:05

12

None

White-breasted Nuthatch

Sitta carolinensis

01

6/29/2012

8:44

14

None

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

Counts

>100m

50 to 100m

2nd 5 Minutes

>100m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)

<50m

Table F1

1
1
1
1

1
1
1

1
1

1
1
1
1

1
1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
01

6/29/2012

8:44

14

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

01

6/29/2012

8:44

14

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

01

6/29/2012

8:44

14

None

Blue-headed Vireo

Vireo solitarius

01

6/29/2012

8:44

14

None

Least Flycatcher

Empidonax minimus

01

6/29/2012

8:44

14

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

01

6/29/2012

8:44

14

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

03

6/15/2009

8:19

20

100

Fog

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

03

6/15/2009

8:19

20

100

Fog

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

03

6/15/2009

8:19

20

100

Fog

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

03

6/15/2009

8:19

20

100

Fog

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

03

6/15/2009

8:19

20

100

Fog

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Archilochus colubris

03

6/15/2009

8:19

20

100

Fog

Swainson's Thrush

Catharus ustulatus

03

6/15/2009

8:19

20

100

Fog

Winter Wren

Troglodytes troglodytes

03

7/1/2009

7:26

15

100

Fog

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

03

7/1/2009

7:26

15

100

Fog

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

03

7/1/2009

7:26

15

100

Fog

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

03

7/1/2009

7:26

15

100

Fog

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

03

7/1/2009

7:26

15

100

Fog

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

03

7/1/2009

7:26

15

100

Fog

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

03

6/7/2011

8:47

100

Fog

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

Counts

>100m

50 to 100m

2nd 5 Minutes

<50m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)
>100m

Table F1

1
1

1
1
1

1
2
1
1
2

1
1

1
1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #

Table F1

03

6/7/2011

8:47

100

Fog

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

03

6/7/2011

8:47

100

Fog

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

03

6/7/2011

8:47

100

Fog

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

03

6/7/2011

8:47

100

Fog

Swainson's Thrush

Catharus ustulatus

03

6/7/2011

8:47

100

Fog

Yellow-rumped Warbler

Dendroica coronata

03

6/28/2011

6:16

14-20

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

03

6/28/2011

6:16

14-20

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

03

6/28/2011

6:16

14-20

None

Brown Creeper

Certhia americana

03

6/28/2011

6:16

14-20

None

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

03

6/28/2011

6:16

14-20

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

03

6/28/2011

6:16

14-20

None

Northern Parula

Parula americana

03

6/28/2011

6:16

14-20

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

03

6/28/2011

6:16

14-20

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

03

6/15/2012

7:33

12

40

None

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

03

6/15/2012

7:33

12

40

None

Blackburnian Warbler

Dendroica fusca

03

6/15/2012

7:33

12

40

None

Black-capped Chickadee

Poecile atricapillus

03

6/15/2012

7:33

12

40

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

03

6/15/2012

7:33

12

40

None

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

03

6/15/2012

7:33

12

40

None

Least Flycatcher

Empidonax minimus

03

6/15/2012

7:33

12

40

None

Northern Parula

Parula americana

Counts

1
1

1
1
1

>100m

50 to 100m

<50m

2nd 5 Minutes

>100m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

<50m

50 to 100m

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
03

6/15/2012

7:33

12

40

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

03

6/15/2012

7:33

12

40

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

03

6/15/2012

7:33

12

40

None

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

03

6/29/2012

8:22

14

None

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

03

6/29/2012

8:22

14

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

03

6/29/2012

8:22

14

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

03

6/29/2012

8:22

14

None

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

03

6/29/2012

8:22

14

None

Least Flycatcher

Empidonax minimus

03

6/29/2012

8:22

14

None

Northern Parula

Parula americana

03

6/29/2012

8:22

14

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

03

6/29/2012

8:22

14

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

03

6/29/2012

8:22

14

None

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Archilochus colubris

03

6/29/2012

8:22

14

None

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

05

6/15/2009

7:50

14

Fog

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

05

6/15/2009

7:50

14

Fog

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

05

6/15/2009

7:50

14

Fog

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

05

6/15/2009

7:50

14

Fog

Pileated Woodpecker

Dryocopus pileatus

05

6/15/2009

7:50

14

Fog

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

05

6/15/2009

7:50

14

Fog

Winter Wren

Troglodytes troglodytes

05

6/15/2009

7:50

14

Fog

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

Counts

>100m

50 to 100m

Common Name

2nd 5 Minutes

<50m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)
>100m

Table F1

1
1
1

1
1
1

2
1

1
1
1
1
1

2
1

1
1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
05

7/1/2009

7:50

15

100

Fog

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

05

7/1/2009

7:50

15

100

Fog

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

05

7/1/2009

7:50

15

100

Fog

Brown Creeper

Certhia americana

05

7/1/2009

7:50

15

100

Fog

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

05

7/1/2009

7:50

15

100

Fog

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

05

7/1/2009

7:50

15

100

Fog

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

05

7/1/2009

7:50

15

100

Fog

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

05

6/7/2011

9:15

100

Fog

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

05

6/7/2011

9:15

100

Fog

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

05

6/7/2011

9:15

100

Fog

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

05

6/7/2011

9:15

100

Fog

Blue-headed Vireo

Vireo solitarius

05

6/7/2011

9:15

100

Fog

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

05

6/7/2011

9:15

100

Fog

Least Flycatcher

Empidonax minimus

05

6/7/2011

9:15

100

Fog

Northern Parula

Parula americana

05

6/7/2011

9:15

100

Fog

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

05

6/28/2011

5:50

14-20

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

05

6/28/2011

5:50

14-20

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

05

6/28/2011

5:50

14-20

None

Downy Woodpecker

Picoides pubescens

05

6/28/2011

5:50

14-20

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

05

6/28/2011

5:50

14-20

None

Least Flycatcher

Empidonax minimus

Counts

>100m

50 to 100m
1

1
1

<50m

<50m

Common Name

2nd 5 Minutes

>100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)
50 to 100m

Table F1

1
1

1
1

2
1

1
1
1
1
1

1
1
1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

<50m

50 to 100m

>100m

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
05

6/28/2011

5:50

14-20

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

05

6/28/2011

5:50

14-20

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

05

6/28/2011

5:50

14-20

None

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

05

6/15/2012

7:56

12

30

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

05

6/15/2012

7:56

12

30

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

05

6/15/2012

7:56

12

30

None

Common Yellowthroat

Geothlypis trichas

05

6/15/2012

7:56

12

30

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

05

6/15/2012

7:56

12

30

None

Northern Parula

Parula americana

05

6/15/2012

7:56

12

30

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

05

6/15/2012

7:56

12

30

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

05

6/15/2012

7:56

12

30

None

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

05

6/29/2012

7:55

14

None

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

05

6/29/2012

7:55

14

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

05

6/29/2012

7:55

14

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

05

6/29/2012

7:55

14

None

Least Flycatcher

Empidonax minimus

05

6/29/2012

7:55

14

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

05

6/29/2012

7:55

14

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

05

6/29/2012

7:55

14

None

Swainson's Thrush

Catharus ustulatus

05

6/29/2012

7:55

14

None

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

05

6/29/2012

7:55

14

None

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

Counts

1
2

3
1
1

2
1

>100m

Common Name

2nd 5 Minutes

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)

<50m

Table F1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
07

6/15/2009

6:51

14

Fog

Alder Flycatcher

Empidonax alnorum

07

6/15/2009

6:51

14

Fog

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

07

6/15/2009

6:51

14

Fog

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

07

6/15/2009

6:51

14

Fog

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

07

6/15/2009

6:51

14

Fog

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

07

6/15/2009

6:51

14

Fog

Downy Woodpecker

Picoides pubescens

07

6/15/2009

6:51

14

Fog

Least Flycatcher

Empidonax minimus

07

6/15/2009

6:51

14

Fog

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

07

6/15/2009

6:51

14

Fog

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

07

6/15/2009

6:51

14

Fog

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

07

7/3/2009

6:11

14

30

Light Fog

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

07

7/3/2009

6:11

14

30

Light Fog

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

07

7/3/2009

6:11

14

30

Light Fog

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

07

7/3/2009

6:11

14

30

Light Fog

Cedar Waxwing

Bombycilla cedrorum

07

7/3/2009

6:11

14

30

Light Fog

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

07

7/3/2009

6:11

14

30

Light Fog

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

07

7/3/2009

6:11

14

30

Light Fog

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

07

6/7/2011

6:25

(blank)

Fog

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

07

6/7/2011

6:25

(blank)

Fog

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

07

6/7/2011

6:25

(blank)

Fog

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

Counts

>100m

50 to 100m

2nd 5 Minutes

<50m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)
>100m

Table F1

1
1

1
1
1

1
1

1
1

1
1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
07

6/7/2011

6:25

(blank)

Fog

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

07

6/7/2011

6:25

(blank)

Fog

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

07

6/7/2011

6:25

(blank)

Fog

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

07

6/7/2011

6:25

(blank)

Fog

Least Flycatcher

Empidonax minimus

07

6/7/2011

6:25

(blank)

Fog

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

07

6/7/2011

6:25

(blank)

Fog

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

07

6/7/2011

6:25

(blank)

Fog

Purple Finch

Carpodacus purpureus

07

6/7/2011

6:25

(blank)

Fog

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

07

6/28/2011

8:30

14-20

None

Alder Flycatcher

Empidonax alnorum

07

6/28/2011

8:30

14-20

None

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

07

6/28/2011

8:30

14-20

None

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

07

6/28/2011

8:30

14-20

None

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

07

6/28/2011

8:30

14-20

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

07

6/28/2011

8:30

14-20

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

07

6/28/2011

8:30

14-20

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

07

6/28/2011

8:30

14-20

None

White-breasted Nuthatch

Sitta carolinensis

07

6/28/2011

8:30

14-20

None

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

07

6/15/2012

6:53

10

60

None

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

07

6/15/2012

6:53

10

60

None

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

07

6/15/2012

6:53

10

60

None

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

Counts

>100m

50 to 100m

2nd 5 Minutes

<50m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)
>100m

Table F1

2
1

1
1

1
1
1
1
1

1
2
1
1
1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
07

6/15/2012

6:53

10

60

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

07

6/15/2012

6:53

10

60

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

07

6/15/2012

6:53

10

60

None

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

07

7/1/2012

6:02

17

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

07

7/1/2012

6:02

17

None

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

07

7/1/2012

6:02

17

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

07

7/1/2012

6:02

17

None

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

07

7/1/2012

6:02

17

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

07

7/1/2012

6:02

17

None

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

09

6/16/2009

7:55

15

None

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

09

6/16/2009

7:55

15

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

09

6/16/2009

7:55

15

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

09

6/16/2009

7:55

15

None

Blue Jay

Cyanocitta cristata

09

6/16/2009

7:55

15

None

Eastern Wood-Pewee

Contopus virens

09

6/16/2009

7:55

15

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

09

6/16/2009

7:55

15

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

09

7/9/2009

6:05

10

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

09

7/9/2009

6:05

10

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

09

7/9/2009

6:05

10

None

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

09

7/9/2009

6:05

10

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

Counts

1
2

1
1

1
1

1
1

2
1
2
1

>100m

50 to 100m

2nd 5 Minutes

<50m

50 to 100m

Common Name

<50m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)
>100m

Table F1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

<50m

50 to 100m

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
09

7/9/2009

6:05

10

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

09

7/9/2009

6:05

10

None

Red-breasted Nuthatch

Sitta canadensis

09

7/9/2009

6:05

10

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

09

7/9/2009

6:05

10

None

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

09

6/8/2011

7:48

None

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

09

6/8/2011

7:48

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

09

6/8/2011

7:48

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

09

6/8/2011

7:48

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

09

6/8/2011

7:48

None

Purple Finch

Carpodacus purpureus

09

6/8/2011

7:48

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

09

6/8/2011

7:48

None

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

09

6/29/2011

7:03

14-17

90

None

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

09

6/29/2011

7:03

14-17

90

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

09

6/29/2011

7:03

14-17

90

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

09

6/29/2011

7:03

14-17

90

None

Hairy Woodpecker

Picoides villosus

09

6/29/2011

7:03

14-17

90

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

09

6/29/2011

7:03

14-17

90

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

09

6/29/2011

7:03

14-17

90

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

09

6/18/2012

6:27

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

09

6/18/2012

6:27

None

Common Raven

Corvus corax

Counts

>100m

50 to 100m

Common Name

2nd 5 Minutes

<50m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)
>100m

Table F1

2
1
2

1
1

1
1
1

2
1

1
1

1
1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
09

6/18/2012

6:27

None

Hairy Woodpecker

Picoides villosus

09

6/18/2012

6:27

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

09

6/18/2012

6:27

None

Northern Parula

Parula americana

09

6/18/2012

6:27

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

09

6/18/2012

6:27

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

09

7/1/2012

6:58

17

None

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

09

7/1/2012

6:58

17

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

09

7/1/2012

6:58

17

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

09

7/1/2012

6:58

17

None

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

09

7/1/2012

6:58

17

None

Northern Parula

Parula americana

09

7/1/2012

6:58

17

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

09

7/1/2012

6:58

17

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

09

7/1/2012

6:58

17

None

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

11

6/16/2009

6:45

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

11

6/16/2009

6:45

None

Downy Woodpecker

Picoides pubescens

11

6/16/2009

6:45

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

11

6/16/2009

6:45

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

11

7/6/2009

6:16

12

100

Light Fog

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

11

7/6/2009

6:16

12

100

Light Fog

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

11

7/6/2009

6:16

12

100

Light Fog

Blue-headed Vireo

Vireo solitarius

Counts

>100m

50 to 100m

2nd 5 Minutes

<50m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)
>100m

Table F1

1
1

1
1
1

1
1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
11

7/6/2009

6:16

12

100

Light Fog

Common Yellowthroat

Geothlypis trichas

11

7/6/2009

6:16

12

100

Light Fog

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

11

7/6/2009

6:16

12

100

Light Fog

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

11

7/6/2009

6:16

12

100

Light Fog

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

11

7/9/2009

7:12

10

None

(blank)

(blank)

11

7/9/2009

7:12

10

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

11

7/9/2009

7:12

10

None

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

11

7/9/2009

7:12

10

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

11

7/9/2009

7:12

10

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

11

7/9/2009

7:12

10

None

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

11

6/8/2011

6:40

None

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

11

6/8/2011

6:40

None

Blackburnian Warbler

Dendroica fusca

11

6/8/2011

6:40

None

Black-capped Chickadee

Poecile atricapillus

11

6/8/2011

6:40

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

11

6/8/2011

6:40

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

11

6/8/2011

6:40

None

Common Raven

Corvus corax

11

6/8/2011

6:40

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

11

6/8/2011

6:40

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

11

6/29/2011

7:55

14-17

90

None

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

11

6/29/2011

7:55

14-17

90

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

Counts

>100m

<50m

2nd 5 Minutes

>100m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)

50 to 100m

Table F1

1
1

1
1

1
1

1
1

1
2

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
11

6/29/2011

7:55

14-17

90

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

11

6/29/2011

7:55

14-17

90

None

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

11

6/29/2011

7:55

14-17

90

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

11

6/29/2011

7:55

14-17

90

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

11

6/13/2012

6:28

10

None

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

11

6/13/2012

6:28

10

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

11

6/13/2012

6:28

10

None

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

11

6/13/2012

6:28

10

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

11

6/13/2012

6:28

10

None

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

11

6/13/2012

6:28

10

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

11

6/13/2012

6:28

10

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

11

6/13/2012

6:28

10

None

(blank)

(blank)

11

6/29/2012

6:05

13

None

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

11

6/29/2012

6:05

13

None

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

11

6/29/2012

6:05

13

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

11

6/29/2012

6:05

13

None

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

11

6/29/2012

6:05

13

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

11

6/29/2012

6:05

13

None

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

11

6/29/2012

6:05

13

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

11

6/29/2012

6:05

13

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

Counts

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
2
1

1
2

>100m

50 to 100m

2nd 5 Minutes

>100m

50 to 100m

Common Name

<50m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)

<50m

Table F1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
11

6/29/2012

6:05

13

None

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

13

6/16/2009

5:58

None

(blank)

(blank)

13

6/16/2009

5:58

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

13

6/16/2009

5:58

None

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

13

6/16/2009

5:58

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

13

6/16/2009

5:58

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

13

6/16/2009

5:58

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

13

6/16/2009

5:58

None

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

13

7/9/2009

6:50

10

None

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

13

7/9/2009

6:50

10

None

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

13

7/9/2009

6:50

10

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

13

7/9/2009

6:50

10

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

13

7/9/2009

6:50

10

None

Hairy Woodpecker

Picoides villosus

13

7/9/2009

6:50

10

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

13

7/9/2009

6:50

10

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

13

7/9/2009

6:50

10

None

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

13

6/8/2011

5:44

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

13

6/8/2011

5:44

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

13

6/8/2011

5:44

None

Blue Jay

Cyanocitta cristata

13

6/8/2011

5:44

None

Blue-headed Vireo

Vireo solitarius

Counts

>100m

50 to 100m

2nd 5 Minutes

<50m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)
>100m

Table F1

1
1
1

1
2
1

1
1

1
1
1

2
1
2
1
1

1
1
1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
13

6/8/2011

5:44

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

13

6/8/2011

5:44

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

13

6/8/2011

5:44

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

13

6/8/2011

5:44

None

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

13

6/29/2011

8:43

17

90

None

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

13

6/29/2011

8:43

17

90

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

13

6/29/2011

8:43

17

90

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

13

6/29/2011

8:43

17

90

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

13

6/29/2011

8:43

17

90

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

13

6/13/2012

5:38

10

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

13

6/13/2012

5:38

10

None

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

13

6/13/2012

5:38

10

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

13

6/13/2012

5:38

10

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

13

6/13/2012

5:38

10

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

13

6/29/2012

6:52

14

None

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

13

6/29/2012

6:52

14

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

13

6/29/2012

6:52

14

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

13

6/29/2012

6:52

14

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

13

6/29/2012

6:52

14

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

13

6/29/2012

6:52

14

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

Counts

>100m

50 to 100m

2nd 5 Minutes

>100m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)

<50m

Table F1

1
1

1
1
1

1
1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
15

6/16/2009

7:08

None

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

15

6/16/2009

7:08

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

15

6/16/2009

7:08

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

15

6/16/2009

7:08

None

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

15

6/16/2009

7:08

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

15

6/16/2009

7:08

None

Least Flycatcher

Empidonax minimus

15

6/16/2009

7:08

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

15

6/16/2009

7:08

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

15

6/16/2009

7:08

None

Rose-breasted Grosbeak

Pheucticus ludovicianus

15

7/6/2009

5:53

12

100

Light Fog

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

15

7/6/2009

5:53

12

100

Light Fog

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

15

7/6/2009

5:53

12

100

Light Fog

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

15

7/6/2009

5:53

12

100

Light Fog

Downy Woodpecker

Picoides pubescens

15

7/6/2009

5:53

12

100

Light Fog

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

15

7/6/2009

5:53

12

100

Light Fog

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

15

7/6/2009

5:53

12

100

Light Fog

White-breasted Nuthatch

Sitta carolinensis

15

7/9/2009

7:36

10

None

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

15

7/9/2009

7:36

10

None

Black-capped Chickadee

Poecile atricapillus

15

7/9/2009

7:36

10

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

15

7/9/2009

7:36

10

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

Counts

>100m

50 to 100m

<50m

<50m

Common Name

2nd 5 Minutes

>100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)
50 to 100m

Table F1

1
1

1
1
2

1
2
1
2

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
15

7/9/2009

7:36

10

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

15

7/9/2009

7:36

10

None

Northern Flicker

Colaptes auratus

15

7/9/2009

7:36

10

None

Northern Parula

Parula americana

15

7/9/2009

7:36

10

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

15

7/9/2009

7:36

10

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

15

7/9/2009

7:36

10

None

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

15

6/8/2011

7:07

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

15

6/8/2011

7:07

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

15

6/8/2011

7:07

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

15

6/8/2011

7:07

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

15

6/8/2011

7:07

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

15

6/29/2011

7:33

14-17

90

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

15

6/29/2011

7:33

14-17

90

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

15

6/29/2011

7:33

14-17

90

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

15

6/29/2011

7:33

14-17

90

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

15

6/13/2012

7:46

10

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

15

6/13/2012

7:46

10

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

15

6/13/2012

7:46

10

None

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

15

6/13/2012

7:46

10

None

Hairy Woodpecker

Picoides villosus

15

6/13/2012

7:46

10

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

Counts

>100m

50 to 100m

2nd 5 Minutes

>100m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)

<50m

Table F1

1
1

1
1

2
1

2
1
1
1

1
1
1
1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
15

6/13/2012

7:46

10

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

15

6/13/2012

7:46

10

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

15

6/13/2012

7:46

10

None

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

15

6/29/2012

5:42

13

None

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

15

6/29/2012

5:42

13

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

15

6/29/2012

5:42

13

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

15

6/29/2012

5:42

13

None

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

15

6/29/2012

5:42

13

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

15

6/29/2012

5:42

13

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

15

6/29/2012

5:42

13

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

17

6/16/2009

6:21

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

17

6/16/2009

6:21

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

17

6/16/2009

6:21

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

17

6/16/2009

6:21

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

17

6/16/2009

6:21

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

17

6/16/2009

6:21

None

Wilson's Snipe

(blank)

17

6/16/2009

6:21

None

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

17

7/9/2009

6:30

10

None

(blank)

(blank)

17

7/9/2009

6:30

10

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

17

7/9/2009

6:30

10

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

Counts

1
2

>100m

50 to 100m

2nd 5 Minutes

<50m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)
>100m

Table F1

1
1

1
1

1
3
1

1
1

1
3

1
1
1
1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
17

7/9/2009

6:30

10

None

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

17

7/9/2009

6:30

10

None

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

17

7/9/2009

6:30

10

None

Downy Woodpecker

Picoides pubescens

17

7/9/2009

6:30

10

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

17

7/9/2009

6:30

10

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

17

7/9/2009

6:30

10

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

17

7/9/2009

6:30

10

None

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

17

6/8/2011

6:12

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

17

6/8/2011

6:12

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

17

6/8/2011

6:12

None

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

17

6/8/2011

6:12

None

Hairy Woodpecker

Picoides villosus

17

6/8/2011

6:12

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

17

6/8/2011

6:12

None

Northern Flicker

Colaptes auratus

17

6/8/2011

6:12

None

Northern Parula

Parula americana

17

6/8/2011

6:12

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

17

6/8/2011

6:12

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

17

6/29/2011

8:20

17

90

None

(blank)

(blank)

17

6/29/2011

8:20

17

90

None

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

17

6/29/2011

8:20

17

90

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

17

6/29/2011

8:20

17

90

None

Northern Parula

Parula americana

Counts

50 to 100m

<50m

2nd 5 Minutes

>100m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)

>100m

Table F1

1
2

2
1
1
1

1
1

1
1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
17

6/29/2011

8:20

17

90

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

17

6/29/2011

8:20

17

90

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

17

6/13/2012

6:02

10

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

17

6/13/2012

6:02

10

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

17

6/13/2012

6:02

10

None

Northern Parula

Parula americana

17

6/13/2012

6:02

10

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

17

6/13/2012

6:02

10

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

17

6/29/2012

6:30

14

None

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

17

6/29/2012

6:30

14

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

17

6/29/2012

6:30

14

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

17

6/29/2012

6:30

14

None

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

17

6/29/2012

6:30

14

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

17

6/29/2012

6:30

14

None

Northern Flicker

Colaptes auratus

17

6/29/2012

6:30

14

None

Northern Parula

Parula americana

17

6/29/2012

6:30

14

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

17

6/29/2012

6:30

14

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

19

6/18/2009

5:44

10

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

19

6/18/2009

5:44

10

None

Brown Creeper

Certhia americana

19

6/18/2009

5:44

10

None

Cedar Waxwing

Bombycilla cedrorum

19

6/18/2009

5:44

10

None

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

Counts

>100m

50 to 100m

2nd 5 Minutes

>100m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)

<50m

Table F1

1
2

1
1

1
1

1
2
1
1
1
1
1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
19

6/18/2009

5:44

10

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

19

6/18/2009

5:44

10

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

19

6/18/2009

5:44

10

None

Swainson's Thrush

Catharus ustulatus

19

6/18/2009

5:44

10

None

Winter Wren

Troglodytes troglodytes

19

7/8/2009

7:37

13

20

None

Blackburnian Warbler

Dendroica fusca

19

7/8/2009

7:37

13

20

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

19

7/8/2009

7:37

13

20

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

19

7/8/2009

7:37

13

20

None

Common Raven

Corvus corax

19

7/8/2009

7:37

13

20

None

Downy Woodpecker

Picoides pubescens

19

7/8/2009

7:37

13

20

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

19

7/8/2009

7:37

13

20

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

19

7/8/2009

7:37

13

20

None

Ruffed Grouse

Bonasa umbellus

19

7/8/2009

7:37

13

20

None

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

19

6/11/2011

7:44

5-8

None

Blackburnian Warbler

Dendroica fusca

19

6/11/2011

7:44

5-8

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

19

6/11/2011

7:44

5-8

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

19

6/11/2011

7:44

5-8

None

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

19

6/11/2011

7:44

5-8

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

19

6/11/2011

7:44

5-8

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

19

6/11/2011

7:44

5-8

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

Counts

>100m

50 to 100m

<50m

<50m

Common Name

2nd 5 Minutes

>100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)
50 to 100m

Table F1

1
1
1

1
1

1
1
2
1

1
1

1
2
2
1
1
1
1
2

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
19

6/11/2011

7:44

5-8

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

19

6/11/2011

7:44

5-8

None

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

19

7/2/2011

6:05

15

100

Fog

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

19

7/2/2011

6:05

15

100

Fog

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

19

7/2/2011

6:05

15

100

Fog

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

19

7/2/2011

6:05

15

100

Fog

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

19

7/2/2011

6:05

15

100

Fog

Downy Woodpecker

Picoides pubescens

19

7/2/2011

6:05

15

100

Fog

Hairy Woodpecker

Picoides villosus

19

7/2/2011

6:05

15

100

Fog

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

19

7/2/2011

6:05

15

100

Fog

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

19

7/2/2011

6:05

15

100

Fog

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

19

6/12/2012

7:43

11

None

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

19

6/12/2012

7:43

11

None

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

19

6/12/2012

7:43

11

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

19

6/12/2012

7:43

11

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

19

6/12/2012

7:43

11

None

Common Grackle

Quiscalus quiscula

19

6/12/2012

7:43

11

None

Hairy Woodpecker

Picoides villosus

19

6/12/2012

7:43

11

None

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

19

6/12/2012

7:43

11

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

19

6/12/2012

7:43

11

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

Counts

1
1
2
1

1
2
1
1

2
1

>100m

50 to 100m

2nd 5 Minutes

<50m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)
>100m

Table F1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
19

6/25/2012

5:54

13

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

19

6/25/2012

5:54

13

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

19

6/25/2012

5:54

13

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

19

6/25/2012

5:54

13

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

21

6/18/2009

6:47

10

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

21

6/18/2009

6:47

10

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

21

6/18/2009

6:47

10

None

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

21

6/18/2009

6:47

10

None

Downy Woodpecker

Picoides pubescens

21

6/18/2009

6:47

10

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

21

6/18/2009

6:47

10

None

Least Flycatcher

Empidonax minimus

21

6/18/2009

6:47

10

None

Northern Parula

Parula americana

21

6/18/2009

6:47

10

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

21

6/18/2009

6:47

10

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

21

7/8/2009

6:41

13

20

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

21

7/8/2009

6:41

13

20

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

21

7/8/2009

6:41

13

20

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

21

7/8/2009

6:41

13

20

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

21

7/8/2009

6:41

13

20

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

21

7/8/2009

6:41

13

20

None

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

21

6/11/2011

6:45

5-8

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

Counts

50 to 100m

<50m

2nd 5 Minutes

>100m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)

>100m

Table F1

1
2

1
1

1
1
1
1

2
1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
21

6/11/2011

6:45

5-8

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

21

6/11/2011

6:45

5-8

None

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

21

6/11/2011

6:45

5-8

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

21

6/11/2011

6:45

5-8

None

Purple Finch

Carpodacus purpureus

21

6/11/2011

6:45

5-8

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

21

7/2/2011

6:50

15

100

Fog

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

21

7/2/2011

6:50

15

100

Fog

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

21

7/2/2011

6:50

15

100

Fog

Chimney Swift

Chaetura pelagica

21

7/2/2011

6:50

15

100

Fog

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

21

7/2/2011

6:50

15

100

Fog

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

21

6/12/2012

6:51

11

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

21

6/12/2012

6:51

11

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

21

6/12/2012

6:51

11

None

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

21

6/12/2012

6:51

11

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

21

6/12/2012

6:51

11

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

21

6/12/2012

6:51

11

None

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

21

6/25/2012

6:45

13

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

21

6/25/2012

6:45

13

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

21

6/25/2012

6:45

13

None

Blue-headed Vireo

Vireo solitarius

21

6/25/2012

6:45

13

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

Counts

>100m

50 to 100m

2nd 5 Minutes

<50m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)
>100m

Table F1

1
1
1

1
1

2
1

1
2

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
21

6/25/2012

6:45

13

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

21

6/25/2012

6:45

13

None

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

23

6/18/2009

7:14

10

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

23

6/18/2009

7:14

10

None

Blue-headed Vireo

Vireo solitarius

23

6/18/2009

7:14

10

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

23

6/18/2009

7:14

10

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

23

6/18/2009

7:14

10

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

23

7/8/2009

6:17

13

20

None

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

23

7/8/2009

6:17

13

20

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

23

7/8/2009

6:17

13

20

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

23

7/8/2009

6:17

13

20

None

Common Raven

Corvus corax

23

7/8/2009

6:17

13

20

None

Downy Woodpecker

Picoides pubescens

23

7/8/2009

6:17

13

20

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

23

7/8/2009

6:17

13

20

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

23

7/8/2009

6:17

13

20

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

23

7/8/2009

6:17

13

20

None

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Archilochus colubris

23

7/8/2009

6:17

13

20

None

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

23

6/11/2011

6:20

5-8

None

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

23

6/11/2011

6:20

5-8

None

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

23

6/11/2011

6:20

5-8

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

Counts

>100m

50 to 100m

2nd 5 Minutes

>100m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)

<50m

Table F1

1
1

1
1

1
1
1

1
1
1
1
1
1

1
2

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

<50m

50 to 100m

>100m

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
23

6/11/2011

6:20

5-8

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

23

7/2/2011

7:12

15

100

Fog

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

23

7/2/2011

7:12

15

100

Fog

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

23

7/2/2011

7:12

15

100

Fog

Brown Creeper

Certhia americana

23

7/2/2011

7:12

15

100

Fog

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

23

7/2/2011

7:12

15

100

Fog

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

23

6/12/2012

6:25

11

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

23

6/12/2012

6:25

11

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

23

6/12/2012

6:25

11

None

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

23

6/12/2012

6:25

11

None

Eastern Wood-Pewee

Contopus virens

23

6/12/2012

6:25

11

None

Hairy Woodpecker

Picoides villosus

23

6/12/2012

6:25

11

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

23

6/12/2012

6:25

11

None

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

23

6/12/2012

6:25

11

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

23

6/12/2012

6:25

11

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

23

6/25/2012

7:10

13

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

23

6/25/2012

7:10

13

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

23

6/25/2012

7:10

13

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

23

6/25/2012

7:10

13

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

23

6/25/2012

7:10

13

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

Counts

50 to 100m

Common Name

2nd 5 Minutes

<50m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)

>100m

Table F1

1
1
4
1

1
1
2

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
25

6/18/2009

7:40

10

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

25

6/18/2009

7:40

10

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

25

6/18/2009

7:40

10

None

Blue-headed Vireo

Vireo solitarius

25

6/18/2009

7:40

10

None

Northern Parula

Parula americana

25

6/18/2009

7:40

10

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

25

6/18/2009

7:40

10

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

25

6/18/2009

7:40

10

None

Swainson's Thrush

Catharus ustulatus

25

6/18/2009

7:40

10

None

White-breasted Nuthatch

Sitta carolinensis

25

7/8/2009

5:55

13

20

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

25

7/8/2009

5:55

13

20

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

25

7/8/2009

5:55

13

20

None

Common Raven

Corvus corax

25

7/8/2009

5:55

13

20

None

Downy Woodpecker

Picoides pubescens

25

7/8/2009

5:55

13

20

None

Eastern Wood-Pewee

Contopus virens

25

7/8/2009

5:55

13

20

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

25

7/8/2009

5:55

13

20

None

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

25

7/8/2009

5:55

13

20

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

25

7/8/2009

5:55

13

20

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

25

7/8/2009

5:55

13

20

None

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

25

6/11/2011

5:55

5-8

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

25

6/11/2011

5:55

5-8

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

Counts

50 to 100m

<50m

2nd 5 Minutes

>100m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)

>100m

Table F1

2
1

1
1
1
1

1
1

1
1
2

1
2

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
25

6/11/2011

5:55

5-8

None

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

25

6/11/2011

5:55

5-8

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

25

6/11/2011

5:55

5-8

None

Northern Parula

Parula americana

25

6/11/2011

5:55

5-8

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

25

6/11/2011

5:55

5-8

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

25

6/11/2011

5:55

5-8

None

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

25

7/2/2011

7:37

15

100

Fog

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

25

7/2/2011

7:37

15

100

Fog

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

25

7/2/2011

7:37

15

100

Fog

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

25

7/2/2011

7:37

15

100

Fog

Hairy Woodpecker

Picoides villosus

25

7/2/2011

7:37

15

100

Fog

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

25

7/2/2011

7:37

15

100

Fog

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

25

7/2/2011

7:37

15

100

Fog

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

25

7/2/2011

7:37

15

100

Fog

White-breasted Nuthatch

Sitta carolinensis

25

6/12/2012

5:53

10

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

25

6/12/2012

5:53

10

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

25

6/12/2012

5:53

10

None

Hairy Woodpecker

Picoides villosus

25

6/12/2012

5:53

10

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

25

6/12/2012

5:53

10

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

25

6/12/2012

5:53

10

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

Counts

1
1

1
1
1

1
1
1

>100m

50 to 100m

2nd 5 Minutes

<50m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)
>100m

Table F1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
25

6/25/2012

7:35

13

None

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

25

6/25/2012

7:35

13

None

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

25

6/25/2012

7:35

13

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

25

6/25/2012

7:35

13

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

25

6/25/2012

7:35

13

None

Brown Creeper

Certhia americana

25

6/25/2012

7:35

13

None

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

25

6/25/2012

7:35

13

None

Downy Woodpecker

Picoides pubescens

25

6/25/2012

7:35

13

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

25

6/25/2012

7:35

13

None

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

25

6/25/2012

7:35

13

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

25

6/25/2012

7:35

13

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

25

6/25/2012

7:35

13

None

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

27

6/18/2009

6:17

10

None

Blackburnian Warbler

Dendroica fusca

27

6/18/2009

6:17

10

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

27

6/18/2009

6:17

10

None

Brown Creeper

Certhia americana

27

6/18/2009

6:17

10

None

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

27

6/18/2009

6:17

10

None

Golden-crowned Kinglet

Regulus satrapa

27

6/18/2009

6:17

10

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

27

6/18/2009

6:17

10

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

27

6/18/2009

6:17

10

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

Counts

1
1
1
1

1
1

1
1
1

>100m

50 to 100m

2nd 5 Minutes

<50m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)
>100m

Table F1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
27

6/18/2009

6:17

10

None

Yellow-rumped Warbler

Dendroica coronata

27

7/8/2009

7:10

13

20

None

Blackburnian Warbler

Dendroica fusca

27

7/8/2009

7:10

13

20

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

27

7/8/2009

7:10

13

20

None

Golden-crowned Kinglet

Regulus satrapa

27

7/8/2009

7:10

13

20

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

27

7/8/2009

7:10

13

20

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

27

7/8/2009

7:10

13

20

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

27

7/8/2009

7:10

13

20

None

White-breasted Nuthatch

Sitta carolinensis

27

6/11/2011

7:14

5-8

None

Blackburnian Warbler

Dendroica fusca

27

6/11/2011

7:14

5-8

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

27

6/11/2011

7:14

5-8

None

Golden-crowned Kinglet

Regulus satrapa

27

6/11/2011

7:14

5-8

None

Northern Parula

Parula americana

27

6/11/2011

7:14

5-8

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

27

7/2/2011

6:27

15

100

Fog

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

27

7/2/2011

6:27

15

100

Fog

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

27

7/2/2011

6:27

15

100

Fog

Golden-crowned Kinglet

Regulus satrapa

27

7/2/2011

6:27

15

100

Fog

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

27

7/2/2011

6:27

15

100

Fog

Northern Parula

Parula americana

27

7/2/2011

6:27

15

100

Fog

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

27

7/2/2011

6:27

15

100

Fog

Yellow-rumped Warbler

Dendroica coronata

Counts

2
1

1
1
1
1

2
1
2

1
1
1

>100m

50 to 100m

2nd 5 Minutes

<50m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)
>100m

Table F1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
27

6/12/2012

7:16

11

None

Blackburnian Warbler

Dendroica fusca

27

6/12/2012

7:16

11

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

27

6/12/2012

7:16

11

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

27

6/12/2012

7:16

11

None

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

27

6/12/2012

7:16

11

None

Golden-crowned Kinglet

Regulus satrapa

27

6/12/2012

7:16

11

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

27

6/12/2012

7:16

11

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

27

6/12/2012

7:16

11

None

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

27

6/25/2012

6:21

13

None

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

27

6/25/2012

6:21

13

None

Blackburnian Warbler

Dendroica fusca

27

6/25/2012

6:21

13

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

27

6/25/2012

6:21

13

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

27

6/25/2012

6:21

13

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

27

6/25/2012

6:21

13

None

Northern Parula

Parula americana

27

6/25/2012

6:21

13

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

27

6/25/2012

6:21

13

None

Red-breasted Nuthatch

Sitta canadensis

27

6/25/2012

6:21

13

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

27

6/25/2012

6:21

13

None

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

28

6/16/2009

8:11

15

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

28

6/16/2009

8:11

15

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

Counts

1
1
1

1
1
1

1
1

>100m

<50m

2nd 5 Minutes

>100m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)

50 to 100m

Table F1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

<50m

50 to 100m

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
28

6/16/2009

8:11

15

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

28

6/16/2009

8:11

15

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

28

7/4/2009

6:39

14

100

Fog

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

28

7/4/2009

6:39

14

100

Fog

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

28

7/4/2009

6:39

14

100

Fog

Blue-headed Vireo

Vireo solitarius

28

7/4/2009

6:39

14

100

Fog

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

28

7/4/2009

6:39

14

100

Fog

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

28

7/4/2009

6:39

14

100

Fog

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

28

6/8/2011

8:15

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

28

6/8/2011

8:15

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

28

6/8/2011

8:15

None

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

28

6/8/2011

8:15

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

28

6/8/2011

8:15

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

28

6/29/2011

6:44

14-17

90

None

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

28

6/29/2011

6:44

14-17

90

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

28

6/29/2011

6:44

14-17

90

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

28

6/29/2011

6:44

14-17

90

None

Hairy Woodpecker

Picoides villosus

28

6/29/2011

6:44

14-17

90

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

28

6/29/2011

6:44

14-17

90

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

28

6/29/2011

6:44

14-17

90

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

Counts

>100m

50 to 100m

Common Name

2nd 5 Minutes

>100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)

<50m

Table F1

1
1

1
1

1
1

1
1
1

1
1
2
2

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
28

6/18/2012

6:47

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

28

6/18/2012

6:47

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

28

6/18/2012

6:47

None

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

28

6/18/2012

6:47

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

28

6/18/2012

6:47

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

28

6/18/2012

6:47

None

Red-eyed Vireo

28

7/1/2012

7:17

17

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

28

7/1/2012

7:17

17

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

28

7/1/2012

7:17

17

None

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

28

7/1/2012

7:17

17

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

28

7/1/2012

7:17

17

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

28

7/1/2012

7:17

17

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

29

6/16/2009

8:35

15

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

29

6/16/2009

8:35

15

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

29

6/16/2009

8:35

15

None

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

29

6/16/2009

8:35

15

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

29

6/16/2009

8:35

15

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

29

7/4/2009

6:11

14

100

Fog

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

29

7/4/2009

6:11

14

100

Fog

Eastern Wood-Pewee

Contopus virens

29

7/4/2009

6:11

14

100

Fog

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

Counts

>100m

50 to 100m

<50m

<50m

Common Name

2nd 5 Minutes

>100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)
50 to 100m

Table F1

1
2

Vireo olivaceus

Dendroica caerulescens

1
1
1

1
1
1

3
2

2
1

1
1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
29

7/4/2009

6:11

14

100

Fog

Northern Parula

Parula americana

29

7/4/2009

6:11

14

100

Fog

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

29

7/4/2009

6:11

14

100

Fog

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

29

6/8/2011

8:36

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

29

6/8/2011

8:36

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

29

6/8/2011

8:36

None

Brown Creeper

Certhia americana

29

6/8/2011

8:36

None

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

29

6/8/2011

8:36

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

29

6/8/2011

8:36

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

29

6/29/2011

6:25

14-17

90

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

29

6/29/2011

6:25

14-17

90

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

29

6/29/2011

6:25

14-17

90

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

29

6/29/2011

6:25

14-17

90

None

Least Flycatcher

Empidonax minimus

29

6/29/2011

6:25

14-17

90

None

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

29

6/29/2011

6:25

14-17

90

None

Northern Parula

Parula americana

29

6/29/2011

6:25

14-17

90

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

29

6/29/2011

6:25

14-17

90

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

29

6/18/2012

7:06

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

29

6/18/2012

7:06

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

29

6/18/2012

7:06

None

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

Counts

1
1

1
1

2
1
1
1
1
2

>100m

50 to 100m

2nd 5 Minutes

<50m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)
>100m

Table F1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
29

6/18/2012

7:06

None

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

29

6/18/2012

7:06

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

29

6/18/2012

7:06

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

29

6/18/2012

7:06

None

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

29

7/1/2012

7:39

17

None

Black-capped Chickadee

Poecile atricapillus

29

7/1/2012

7:39

17

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

29

7/1/2012

7:39

17

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

29

7/1/2012

7:39

17

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

29

7/1/2012

7:39

17

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

29

7/1/2012

7:39

17

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

29

7/1/2012

7:39

17

None

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

32

6/15/2009

10:04

20

100

Fog

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

32

6/15/2009

10:04

20

100

Fog

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

32

6/15/2009

10:04

20

100

Fog

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

32

6/15/2009

10:04

20

100

Fog

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

32

6/15/2009

10:04

20

100

Fog

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

32

6/15/2009

10:04

20

100

Fog

Eastern Wood-Pewee

Contopus virens

32

6/15/2009

10:04

20

100

Fog

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

32

6/15/2009

10:04

20

100

Fog

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

32

6/15/2009

10:04

20

100

Fog

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

Counts

>100m

50 to 100m

2nd 5 Minutes

<50m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)
>100m

Table F1

1
1

1
1

1
1
1

1
1
1
1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
32

6/15/2009

10:04

20

100

Fog

Ruby-crowned Kinglet

Regulus calendula

32

6/15/2009

10:04

20

100

Fog

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

32

6/15/2009

10:04

20

100

Fog

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

32

7/1/2009

6:06

15

100

Fog

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

32

7/1/2009

6:06

15

100

Fog

Blackburnian Warbler

Dendroica fusca

32

7/1/2009

6:06

15

100

Fog

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

32

7/1/2009

6:06

15

100

Fog

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

32

7/1/2009

6:06

15

100

Fog

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

32

7/1/2009

6:06

15

100

Fog

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

32

7/1/2009

6:06

15

100

Fog

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

32

7/1/2009

6:06

15

100

Fog

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

32

7/1/2009

6:06

15

100

Fog

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

32

7/1/2009

6:06

15

100

Fog

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

32

6/7/2011

5:55

Fog

Alder Flycatcher

Empidonax alnorum

32

6/7/2011

5:55

Fog

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

32

6/7/2011

5:55

Fog

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

32

6/7/2011

5:55

Fog

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

32

6/7/2011

5:55

Fog

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

32

6/7/2011

5:55

Fog

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

32

6/7/2011

5:55

Fog

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

Counts

1
1

1
1
1

1
1

1
1
1

1
1

>100m

50 to 100m

2nd 5 Minutes

>100m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)

<50m

Table F1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
32

6/7/2011

5:55

Fog

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

32

6/7/2011

5:55

Fog

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

32

6/28/2011

8:55

14-20

None

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

32

6/28/2011

8:55

14-20

None

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

32

6/28/2011

8:55

14-20

None

Black-and-white Warbler

Mniotilta varia

32

6/28/2011

8:55

14-20

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

32

6/28/2011

8:55

14-20

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

32

6/28/2011

8:55

14-20

None

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

32

6/28/2011

8:55

14-20

None

Least Flycatcher

Empidonax minimus

32

6/28/2011

8:55

14-20

None

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

32

6/28/2011

8:55

14-20

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

32

6/28/2011

8:55

14-20

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

32

6/28/2011

8:55

14-20

None

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

32

6/15/2012

5:33

10

60

None

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

32

6/15/2012

5:33

10

60

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

32

6/15/2012

5:33

10

60

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

32

6/15/2012

5:33

10

60

None

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

32

6/15/2012

5:33

10

60

None

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

32

6/15/2012

5:33

10

60

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

32

6/15/2012

5:33

10

60

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

Counts

50 to 100m

>100m

2nd 5 Minutes

<50m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)
>100m

Table F1

1
2
2
1
1
1

1
1

1
2
1

1
1

1
1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
32

6/15/2012

5:33

10

60

None

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Archilochus colubris

32

6/15/2012

5:33

10

60

None

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

32

7/1/2012

6:25

17

None

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

32

7/1/2012

6:25

17

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

32

7/1/2012

6:25

17

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

32

7/1/2012

6:25

17

None

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

32

7/1/2012

6:25

17

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

32

7/1/2012

6:25

17

None

Least Flycatcher

Empidonax minimus

32

7/1/2012

6:25

17

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

32

7/1/2012

6:25

17

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

32

7/1/2012

6:25

17

None

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

33

6/15/2009

6:23

14

Fog

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

33

6/15/2009

6:23

14

Fog

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

33

6/15/2009

6:23

14

Fog

Cedar Waxwing

Bombycilla cedrorum

33

6/15/2009

6:23

14

Fog

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

33

6/15/2009

6:23

14

Fog

Eastern Wood-Pewee

Contopus virens

33

6/15/2009

6:23

14

Fog

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

33

6/15/2009

6:23

14

Fog

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

33

6/15/2009

6:23

14

Fog

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

33

6/15/2009

6:23

14

Fog

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

Counts

>100m

50 to 100m

2nd 5 Minutes

<50m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)
>100m

Table F1

1
2
1
1

1
1

1
1
1
1

1
1

1
1
1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
33

7/3/2009

6:35

14

30

Light Fog

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

33

7/3/2009

6:35

14

30

Light Fog

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

33

7/3/2009

6:35

14

30

Light Fog

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

33

7/3/2009

6:35

14

30

Light Fog

Common Yellowthroat

Geothlypis trichas

33

7/3/2009

6:35

14

30

Light Fog

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

33

7/3/2009

6:35

14

30

Light Fog

Eastern Wood-Pewee

Contopus virens

33

7/3/2009

6:35

14

30

Light Fog

Least Flycatcher

Empidonax minimus

33

7/3/2009

6:35

14

30

Light Fog

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

33

7/3/2009

6:35

14

30

Light Fog

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

33

7/3/2009

6:35

14

30

Light Fog

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

33

7/3/2009

6:35

14

30

Light Fog

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

33

6/7/2011

6:55

(blank)

Fog

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

33

6/7/2011

6:55

(blank)

Fog

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

33

6/7/2011

6:55

(blank)

Fog

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

33

6/7/2011

6:55

(blank)

Fog

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

33

6/7/2011

6:55

(blank)

Fog

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

33

6/7/2011

6:55

(blank)

Fog

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

33

6/28/2011

8:03

14-20

None

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

33

6/28/2011

8:03

14-20

None

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

33

6/28/2011

8:03

14-20

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

Counts

1
1
1
2
1
1

2
1
1
1

>100m

50 to 100m

2nd 5 Minutes

<50m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)
>100m

Table F1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
33

6/28/2011

8:03

14-20

None

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

33

6/28/2011

8:03

14-20

None

Common Yellowthroat

Geothlypis trichas

33

6/28/2011

8:03

14-20

None

Downy Woodpecker

Picoides pubescens

33

6/28/2011

8:03

14-20

None

Least Flycatcher

Empidonax minimus

33

6/28/2011

8:03

14-20

None

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

33

6/28/2011

8:03

14-20

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

33

6/28/2011

8:03

14-20

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

33

6/28/2011

8:03

14-20

None

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

33

6/15/2012

6:17

10

60

None

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

33

6/15/2012

6:17

10

60

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

33

6/15/2012

6:17

10

60

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

33

6/15/2012

6:17

10

60

None

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

33

6/15/2012

6:17

10

60

None

Eastern Wood-Pewee

Contopus virens

33

6/15/2012

6:17

10

60

None

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

33

6/15/2012

6:17

10

60

None

Northern Parula

Parula americana

33

6/15/2012

6:17

10

60

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

33

6/15/2012

6:17

10

60

None

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

33

7/1/2012

5:40

16

None

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

33

7/1/2012

5:40

16

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

33

7/1/2012

5:40

16

None

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

Counts

1
1
1

2
1
1

1
1

>100m

<50m

2nd 5 Minutes

>100m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)

50 to 100m

Table F1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
33

7/1/2012

5:40

16

None

Common Yellowthroat

Geothlypis trichas

33

7/1/2012

5:40

16

None

Eastern Wood-Pewee

Contopus virens

33

7/1/2012

5:40

16

None

Hairy Woodpecker

Picoides villosus

33

7/1/2012

5:40

16

None

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

33

7/1/2012

5:40

16

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

33

7/1/2012

5:40

16

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

33

7/1/2012

5:40

16

None

White-breasted Nuthatch

Sitta carolinensis

33

7/1/2012

5:40

16

None

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

34

6/15/2009

7:20

14

Fog

Alder Flycatcher

Empidonax alnorum

34

6/15/2009

7:20

14

Fog

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

34

6/15/2009

7:20

14

Fog

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

34

6/15/2009

7:20

14

Fog

Blue-headed Vireo

Vireo solitarius

34

6/15/2009

7:20

14

Fog

Common Yellowthroat

Geothlypis trichas

34

6/15/2009

7:20

14

Fog

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

34

6/15/2009

7:20

14

Fog

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

34

6/15/2009

7:20

14

Fog

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

34

6/15/2009

7:20

14

Fog

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

34

6/15/2009

7:20

14

Fog

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

34

6/15/2009

7:20

14

Fog

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

34

7/3/2009

5:45

14

30

Light Fog

Alder Flycatcher

Empidonax alnorum

Counts

>100m

50 to 100m

2nd 5 Minutes

>100m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)

<50m

Table F1

1
1

2
1
1
1
1

1
1
1

1
1

1
2

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
34

7/3/2009

5:45

14

30

Light Fog

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

34

7/3/2009

5:45

14

30

Light Fog

Cedar Waxwing

Bombycilla cedrorum

34

7/3/2009

5:45

14

30

Light Fog

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

34

7/3/2009

5:45

14

30

Light Fog

Common Yellowthroat

Geothlypis trichas

34

7/3/2009

5:45

14

30

Light Fog

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

34

7/3/2009

5:45

14

30

Light Fog

Lincoln's Sparrow

Melospiza lincolnii

34

7/3/2009

5:45

14

30

Light Fog

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

34

7/3/2009

5:45

14

30

Light Fog

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

34

7/3/2009

5:45

14

30

Light Fog

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

34

7/3/2009

5:45

14

30

Light Fog

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

34

6/7/2011

7:25

Fog

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

34

6/7/2011

7:25

Fog

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

34

6/7/2011

7:25

Fog

Common Yellowthroat

Geothlypis trichas

34

6/7/2011

7:25

Fog

Lincoln's Sparrow

Melospiza lincolnii

34

6/7/2011

7:25

Fog

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

34

6/7/2011

7:25

Fog

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

34

6/28/2011

7:35

14-20

None

Alder Flycatcher

Empidonax alnorum

34

6/28/2011

7:35

14-20

None

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

34

6/28/2011

7:35

14-20

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

34

6/28/2011

7:35

14-20

None

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

Counts

>100m

50 to 100m

2nd 5 Minutes

>100m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)

<50m

Table F1

1
2
1
2

2
2

2
1
1
1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

<50m

50 to 100m

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
34

6/28/2011

7:35

14-20

None

Common Yellowthroat

Geothlypis trichas

34

6/28/2011

7:35

14-20

None

Lincoln's Sparrow

Melospiza lincolnii

34

6/28/2011

7:35

14-20

None

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

34

6/28/2011

7:35

14-20

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

34

6/28/2011

7:35

14-20

None

Song Sparrow

Melospiza melodia

34

6/28/2011

7:35

14-20

None

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

34

6/14/2012

6:15

14

100

MIST

Alder Flycatcher

Empidonax alnorum

34

6/14/2012

6:15

14

100

MIST

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

34

6/14/2012

6:15

14

100

MIST

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

34

6/14/2012

6:15

14

100

MIST

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

34

6/14/2012

6:15

14

100

MIST

Lincoln's Sparrow

Melospiza lincolnii

34

6/14/2012

6:15

14

100

MIST

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

34

6/14/2012

6:15

14

100

MIST

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

34

6/14/2012

6:15

14

100

MIST

Song Sparrow

Melospiza melodia

34

6/14/2012

6:15

14

100

MIST

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

34

6/29/2012

7:41

15

None

Alder Flycatcher

Empidonax alnorum

34

6/29/2012

7:41

15

None

Black-and-white Warbler

Mniotilta varia

34

6/29/2012

7:41

15

None

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

34

6/29/2012

7:41

15

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

34

6/29/2012

7:41

15

None

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

Counts

50 to 100m

<50m

Common Name

2nd 5 Minutes

>100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)

>100m

Table F1

1
1

1
1

1
1

1
2
1

1
2
1

1
2
1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
34

6/29/2012

7:41

15

None

Common Yellowthroat

Geothlypis trichas

34

6/29/2012

7:41

15

None

Hairy Woodpecker

Picoides villosus

34

6/29/2012

7:41

15

None

Lincoln's Sparrow

Melospiza lincolnii

34

6/29/2012

7:41

15

None

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

34

6/29/2012

7:41

15

None

Northern Parula

Parula americana

34

6/29/2012

7:41

15

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

34

6/29/2012

7:41

15

None

Song Sparrow

Melospiza melodia

34

6/29/2012

7:41

15

None

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

35

6/15/2009

9:21

20

100

Fog

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

35

6/15/2009

9:21

20

100

Fog

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

35

6/15/2009

9:21

20

100

Fog

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

35

6/15/2009

9:21

20

100

Fog

Common Yellowthroat

Geothlypis trichas

35

6/15/2009

9:21

20

100

Fog

Eastern Wood-Pewee

Contopus virens

35

6/15/2009

9:21

20

100

Fog

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

35

6/15/2009

9:21

20

100

Fog

Least Flycatcher

Empidonax minimus

35

6/15/2009

9:21

20

100

Fog

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

35

6/15/2009

9:21

20

100

Fog

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

35

6/15/2009

9:21

20

100

Fog

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

35

6/15/2009

9:21

20

100

Fog

White-throated Sparrow

35

7/1/2009

6:37

15

100

Fog

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Counts

50 to 100m

<50m

2nd 5 Minutes

>100m

50 to 100m

Common Name

<50m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)

>100m

Table F1

1
1

1
1

1
3

1
1

1
1
1
1
1
2

Zonotrichia albicollis

Dendroica pensylvanica

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
35

7/1/2009

6:37

15

100

Fog

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

35

7/1/2009

6:37

15

100

Fog

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

35

7/1/2009

6:37

15

100

Fog

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

35

7/1/2009

6:37

15

100

Fog

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

35

7/1/2009

6:37

15

100

Fog

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

35

6/7/2011

7:52

Fog

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

35

6/7/2011

7:52

Fog

Blue-headed Vireo

Vireo solitarius

35

6/7/2011

7:52

Fog

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

35

6/7/2011

7:52

Fog

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

35

6/7/2011

7:52

Fog

Least Flycatcher

Empidonax minimus

35

6/7/2011

7:52

Fog

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

35

6/7/2011

7:52

Fog

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

35

6/28/2011

7:08

14-20

None

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

35

6/28/2011

7:08

14-20

None

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

35

6/28/2011

7:08

14-20

None

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

35

6/28/2011

7:08

14-20

None

Common Yellowthroat

Geothlypis trichas

35

6/28/2011

7:08

14-20

None

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

35

6/28/2011

7:08

14-20

None

Least Flycatcher

Empidonax minimus

35

6/28/2011

7:08

14-20

None

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

35

6/28/2011

7:08

14-20

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

Counts

>100m

50 to 100m

2nd 5 Minutes

<50m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)
>100m

Table F1

1
1

1
1

1
2

1
1

1
1
1
2

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Survey Date

Survey #

Survey Start

Temp. (C)

Wind Speed (beaufort-low)

Wind Speed (beaufort


high)

Cloud Cover (%)

Precipitation

Results of 2009/2011/2012 Breeding Bird Surveys

Site #
35

6/28/2011

7:08

14-20

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

35

6/28/2011

7:08

14-20

None

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

35

6/15/2012

6:43

11

60

None

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

35

6/15/2012

6:43

11

60

None

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

35

6/15/2012

6:43

11

60

None

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

35

6/15/2012

6:43

11

60

None

Common Yellowthroat

Geothlypis trichas

35

6/15/2012

6:43

11

60

None

Least Flycatcher

Empidonax minimus

35

6/15/2012

6:43

11

60

None

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

35

6/15/2012

6:43

11

60

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

35

6/15/2012

6:43

11

60

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

35

6/15/2012

6:43

11

60

None

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

35

6/29/2012

9:02

14

None

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

35

6/29/2012

9:02

14

None

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

35

6/29/2012

9:02

14

None

Cedar Waxwing

Bombycilla cedrorum

35

6/29/2012

9:02

14

None

Common Yellowthroat

Geothlypis trichas

35

6/29/2012

9:02

14

None

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

35

6/29/2012

9:02

14

None

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

35

6/29/2012

9:02

14

None

Purple Finch

Carpodacus purpureus

35

6/29/2012

9:02

14

None

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

35

6/29/2012

9:02

14

None

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

Counts

2
2
1

1
1

1
1

>100m

<50m

2nd 5 Minutes

>100m

<50m

Common Name

50 to 100m

1st 5 Minutes
Scientific Name (AC CDC
2012 nomenclature)

50 to 100m

Table F1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

APPENDIX G
Breeding Bird Summary of Species by Point Count Location

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Table G1

Breeding Bird Summary of Species by Point Count Location (Within 100 m, Excluding Flyovers)
Total
Count

Number of Individuals Recorded within 100 m by Distance to Turbine (m) and Site Number
Bird Species Common
Name
Ruby-throated
Hummingbird

Year

150

160

160

170

210

210

230

240

330

350

380

400

410

440

520

560

580

620

710

770

34

21

27

25

19

32

35

33

15

23

17

11

29

28

13

2009
2012

2009
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
Downy Woodpecker

2011

2012

2009

2011

Hairy Woodpecker
Northern Flicker
Eastern Wood-Pewee

Alder Flycatcher

White-breasted Nuthatch

5
2
1
2

2012

1
1

2012

2011

2012

2
2

6
2

2011

2012

2
3
1

2011

2012

13
6

1
3

2011

1
2

2
7

1
1

2009

4
1

1
2
2

41

42

50

2009

2011

1
2

2009
1

2009

1
3

2012

2012

2012
2009

2011

13
3

1
1

2012
Red-breasted Nuthatch

2009
Black-capped Chickadee

2
1

2009

Blue Jay

1
1

2011

2012
Red-eyed Vireo

2009

2009
Blue-headed Vireo

2009
Least Flycatcher

2012

5
1
1

1
1

2
1

2
1

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Table G1

Breeding Bird Summary of Species by Point Count Location (Within 100 m, Excluding Flyovers)
Total
Count

Number of Individuals Recorded within 100 m by Distance to Turbine (m) and Site Number
Bird Species Common
Name

Year

150

160

160

170

210

210

230

240

330

350

380

400

410

440

520

560

580

620

710

770

34

21

27

25

19

32

35

33

15

23

17

11

29

28

13

2009
Brown Creeper

Golden-crowned Kinglet

2011
2012

Winter Wren

1
1
1

2011

2012

2011

1
1

2009

1
1

2012
2009

2009

Black-throated Green
Warbler

Black-and-white Warbler

American Redstart

1
2

2009

2011

2012

6
7

1
2

11
1

1
1

2012

7
7
9

2011

28

37

2009

2011

2009

14

2
1

2009

2011

2012

2
3

2
1

1
2

22

29

36
5

2011

2012

2009

2011

2012

33

2011

12

2009

2012
Blackburnian Warbler

4
4

2011

2012
Yellow-rumped Warbler

1
1

1
1

2011

2009

Black-throated Blue
Warbler

2012

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Hermit Thrush

Northern Parula

2009

2009

Cedar Waxwing

2009

Swainson's Thrush

American Robin

1
1

1
2
1

10

18
16

KENT HILLS WIND FARM EXPANSION 2012 (YEAR 2) POST-CONSTRUCTION MONITORING PROGRAM

Table G1

Breeding Bird Summary of Species by Point Count Location (Within 100 m, Excluding Flyovers)
Total
Count

Number of Individuals Recorded within 100 m by Distance to Turbine (m) and Site Number
Bird Species Common
Name

150

160

160

170

210

210

230

240

330

350

380

400

410

440

520

560

580

620

710

770

34

21

27

25

19

32

35

33

15

23

17

11

29

28

13

2009

49

2011

45

75

17

Year

Ovenbird

2012
Mourning Warbler

Common Yellowthroat

Song Sparrow

Lincoln's Sparrow

White-throated Sparrow

Dark-eyed Junco

2009

2011

2012

2009

2011

2012

2011

2012

2009

2011

2012

2009

2011

2012

2009

11

2012

1
1

8
1

2009

2012

4
7
1

2009 subtotal

18

2011 subtotal

13

10

15

18

14

18

21

19

10

16

17

10

11

12

2012 subtotal

21

13

18

19

14

20

17

13

20

14

14

14

15

18

13

Grand Total

52

36

44

51

47

49

48

47

56

39

44

41

40

39

37

45

16

16

17

15

15

13

12

2011
Purple Finch

2011

Rose-breasted Grosbeak

13

17

15

14

10

15

10

12

12

13

12

14

275

10

16

14

12

11

274

23

14

29

22

12

343

38

56

46

37

892