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NORMAL POSITION

OPERATION OF SINGLE ACTING CYLINDER USING DCV


EXPT NO:

DATE:

AIM:
To operate a single acting cylinder using the Directional Control Valve (DCV)
in Pneumatic Trainer Kit.
APPARATUS REQUIRED:
FLUIDSIM Software
Single Acting Cylinder
3/2 Hand Levered Spring Return DCV
FRL Unit

PROCEDURE:
Draw the circuit in FLUIDSIM software and check the connections.
Connect the FRL unit to the main air supply.
The various components are connected as per circuit.
Block the valve openings if necessary.
Check the leakage of air supply and correct it.
Open the valve and operate the cylinder.

31

ACTUATED POSITION

RESULT:
Thus the single acting cylinder was operated using DCV in Pneumatic Trainer
Kit.

33

NORMAL POSITION

34

OPERATION OF DOUBLE ACTING CYLINDER USING


DCV
EXPT NO: 3

DATE:

AIM:
To operate a double acting cylinder using the Directional Control Valve (DCV) in
Pneumatic Trainer Kit.
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

FLUIDSIM Software
Double Acting Cylinder
4/2 Hand Levered Spring Return DCV
FRL Unit

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit in FLUIDSIM software and check the connections.


Connect the FRL unit to the main air supply.
The various components are connected as per circuit.
Block the valve openings if necessary.
Check the leakage of air supply and correct it.
Open the valve and operate the cylinder.

35

ACTUATED POSITION

36

RESULT:
Thus the double acting cylinder was operated using DCV in Pneumatic Trainer Kit.

37

NORMAL POSITION

38

IMPLUSE PILOT OPERATION OF SINGLE ACTING


CYLINDER
EXPT NO: 4

DATE:

AIM:
To operate a single acting cylinder using an impulse pilot valve in Pneumatic Trainer
Kit.
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

FLUIDSIM Software
Single Acting Cylinder
3/2 Hand Levered Spring Return DCV
3/2 Pilot Operated Spring Return DCV
FRL Unit

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit in FLUIDSIM software and check the connections.


Connect the FRL unit to the main air supply.
The various components are connected as per circuit.
Block the valve openings if necessary.
Check the leakage of air supply and correct it.
Open the valve and operate the cylinder.

39

ACTUATED POSITION

40

RESULT:
Thus the single acting cylinder was operated using an impulse pilot valve in
Pneumatic Trainer Kit.

41

NORMAL POSITION

42

CONTROLLING THE SPEED OF THE CYLINDER USING


METERING
IN VALVE CIRCUIT
EXPT NO: 5

DATE:

AIM:
To control the speed of double acting cylinder using Metering In valve circuit in
Pneumatic Trainer Kit.
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

FLUIDSIM Software
Double Acting Cylinder
Flow Control Valve
4/2 Hand Levered Spring Return DCV
FRL Unit

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit in FLUIDSIM software and check the connections.


Connect the FRL unit to the main air supply.
The various components are connected as per circuit.
Block the valve openings if necessary.
Check the leakage of air supply and correct it.
Open the valve and operate the cylinder.

43

ACTUATED POSITION

44

RESULT:
Thus the speed of double acting cylinder was controlled using Metering In valve
circuit in Pneumatic Trainer Kit.

45

NORMAL POSITION

46

CONTROLLING THE SPEED OF THE CYLINDER USING


METERING OUT VALVE
CIRCUIT EXPT NO: 6 DATE:
AIM:
To control the speed of double acting cylinder using Metering Out valve circuit in
Pneumatic Trainer Kit.
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

FLUIDSIM Software
Double Acting Cylinder
Flow Control Valve
4/2 Hand Levered Spring Return DCV
FRL Unit

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit in FLUIDSIM software and check the connections.


Connect the FRL unit to the main air supply.
The various components are connected as per circuit.
Block the valve openings if necessary.
Check the leakage of air supply and correct it.
Open the valve and operate the cylinder.

47

ACTUATED POSITION

48

RESULT:
Thus the speed of double acting cylinder was controlled using Metering Out valve
circuit in Pneumatic Trainer Kit.

49

NORMAL POSITION

50

OPERATION OF DOUBLE ACTING CYLINDER WITH AND


LOGIC
CIRCUIT
EXPT NO: 7

DATE:

AIM:
To operate a double acting cylinder using AND logic circuit in Pneumatic Trainer Kit.
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

FLUIDSIM Software
Double Acting Cylinder
4/2 Pilot Operated DCV
3/2 Hand Levered DCV
Two Pressure Valve
FRL Unit

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit in FLUIDSIM software and check the connections.


Connect the FRL unit to the main air supply.
The various components are connected as per circuit.
Block the valve openings if necessary.
Check the leakage of air supply and correct it.
Open the valve and operate the cylinder.

51

ACTUATED POSITION

52

RESULT:
Thus the double acting cylinder using AND logic circuit was operated in Pneumatic
Trainer Kit.

53

NORMAL POSITION

54

OPERATION OF DOUBLE ACTING CYLINDER WITH OR


LOGIC
CIRCUIT
EXPT NO: 8

DATE:

AIM:
To operate a double acting cylinder using OR logic circuit in Pneumatic Trainer Kit.
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

FLUIDSIM Software
Double Acting Cylinder
4/2 Pilot Operated DCV
3/2 Hand Levered DCV
Shuttle Valve
FRL Unit

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit in FLUIDSIM software and check the connections.


Connect the FRL unit to the main air supply.
The various components are connected as per circuit.
Block the valve openings if necessary.
Check the leakage of air supply and correct it.
Open the valve and operate the cylinder.

55

ACTUATED POSITION

56

RESULT:
Thus the double acting cylinder using OR logic circuit was operated in Pneumatic
Trainer Kit.

57

NORMAL POSITION

58

SINGLE CYCLE AUTOMATION OF DOUBLE ACTING


CYLINDER
USING LIMIT SWITCH
EXPT NO: 9

DATE:

AIM:
To operate automatic operation of a double acting cylinder in a single cycle using
limit switch in Pneumatic Trainer Kit.
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

FLUIDSIM Software
Double Acting Cylinder
3/2 Roller Operated Spring Return DCV
4/2 Pilot Operated DCV
Limit Switch
FRL Unit

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit in FLUIDSIM software and check the connections.


Connect the FRL unit to the main air supply.
The various components are connected as per circuit.
Block the valve openings if necessary.
Check the leakage of air supply and correct it.
Open the valve and operate the cylinder.

59

ACTUATED POSITION

60

RESULT:
Thus the single cycle automation of double acting cylinder was operated by using
limit switch in Pneumatic Trainer Kit.

61

NORMAL POSITION

62

MULTI CYCLE AUTOMATION OF DOUBLE ACTING


CYLINDER
USING LIMIT SWITCH
EXPT NO: 10

DATE:

AIM:
To operate automatic operation of a double acting cylinder in a multi cycle using limit
switch in Pneumatic Trainer Kit.
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

FLUIDSIM Software
Double Acting Cylinder
3/2 Roller Operated Spring Return DCV
4/2 Pilot Operated DCV
Limit Switch
FRL Unit

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit in FLUIDSIM software and check the connections.


Connect the FRL unit to the main air supply.
The various components are connected as per circuit.
Block the valve openings if necessary.
Check the leakage of air supply and correct it.
Open the valve and operate the cylinder.

63

ACTUATED POSITION

64

RESULT:
Thus the multi cycle automation of double acting cylinder was operated by using limit
switch in Pneumatic Trainer Kit.

65

NORMAL POSITION

66

SINGLE CYCLE AUTOMATION OF MULTIPLE CYLINDERS


IN
+ + - SEQUENCE (A B A B )
EXPT NO: 11

DATE:

AIM:
+ + - -

To operate single cycle automation of multiple cylinders in sequence (A B A B )


in Pneumatic Trainer Kit.
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

FLUIDSIM Software
Double Acting Cylinder
3/2 Roller Operated Spring Return DCV
3/2 Push Button Spring Return DCV
4/2 Pilot Operated DCV
Limit Switch
FRL Unit

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit in FLUIDSIM software and check the connections.


Connect the FRL unit to the main air supply.
The various components are connected as per circuit.
Block the valve openings if necessary.
Check the leakage of air supply and correct it.
Open the valve and operate the cylinder.

67

ACTUATED POSITION

68

RESULT:
Thus the single cycle automation of multiple cylinders was operated
+ + - -

sequence (A B A B ) in Pneumatic Trainer Kit.

69

NORMAL POSITION

70

SINGLE CYCLE AUTOMATION OF MULTIPLE CYLINDERS


USING
+ + - CASCADING METHOD (A B B A )
EXPT NO: 12

DATE:

AIM:
To operate a single cycle automation of multiple cylinders in cascading method
+ + - -

(A B B A ) in Pneumatic Trainer Kit.


APPARATUS REQUIRED:

FLUIDSIM Software
Double Acting Cylinder
3/2 Roller Operated Spring Return DCV
3/2 Push Button Spring Return DCV
4/2 Pilot Operated DCV
Limit Switch
FRL Unit

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit in FLUIDSIM software and check the connections.


Connect the FRL unit to the main air supply.
The various components are connected as per circuit.
Block the valve openings if necessary.
Check the leakage of air supply and correct it.
Open the valve and operate the cylinder.

71

ACTUATED POSITION

72

RESULT:
Thus the single cycle automation of multiple cylinders was operated by cascading
+ + - -

method (A B B A ) in Pneumatic Trainer Kit.

73

NORMAL POSITION

74

OPERATION OF SINGLE ACTING CYLINDER USING


SINGLE
SOLENOID VALVE
EXPT NO: 13

DATE:

AIM:
To operate a single acting cylinder using the single solenoid valve in Electro
Pneumatic Trainer Kit.
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

FLUIDSIM Software
Single Acting Cylinder
Input / Output Relay Box
3/2 Solenoid Operated Spring Return Valve
FRL Unit

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit in FLUIDSIM software and check the connections.


Connect the FRL unit to the main air supply.
The various components are connected as per circuit.
Block the valve openings if necessary.
Check the leakage of air supply and correct it.
Open the valve and operate the cylinder.

75

ACTUATED POSITION

76

RESULT:
Thus the single acting cylinder was operated using single solenoid valve in Electro
Pneumatic Trainer Kit.

77

NORMAL POSITION

78

OPERATION OF DOUBLE ACTING CYLINDER USING


SINGLE
SOLENOID VALVE
EXPT NO: 14

DATE:

AIM:
To operate a double acting cylinder using the single solenoid valve in Electro
Pneumatic Trainer Kit.
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

FLUIDSIM Software
Double Acting Cylinder
Input / Output Relay Box
4/2 Solenoid Operated Spring Return Valve
FRL Unit

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit in FLUIDSIM software and check the connections.


Connect the FRL unit to the main air supply.
The various components are connected as per circuit.
Block the valve openings if necessary.
Check the leakage of air supply and correct it.
Open the valve and operate the cylinder.

79

ACTUATED POSITION

80

RESULT:
Thus the double acting cylinder was operated using single solenoid valve in Electro
Pneumatic Trainer Kit.

81

NORMAL POSITION

82

OPERATION OF DOUBLE ACTING CYLINDER USING


DOUBLE
SOLENOID VALVE
EXPT NO: 15

DATE:

AIM:
To operate a double acting cylinder using the double solenoid valve in Electro
Pneumatic Trainer Kit.
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

FLUIDSIM Software
Double Acting Cylinder
Input / Output Relay Box
4/2 Solenoid Operated Valve
FRL Unit

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit in FLUIDSIM software and check the connections.


Connect the FRL unit to the main air supply.
The various components are connected as per circuit.
Block the valve openings if necessary.
Check the leakage of air supply and correct it.
Open the valve and operate the cylinder.

83

ACTUATED POSITION

84

RESULT:
Thus the double acting cylinder was operated using double solenoid valve in Electro
Pneumatic Trainer Kit.

85

NORMAL POSITION

86

SINGLE CYCLE AUTOMATION OF DOUBLE ACTING


CYLINDER
USING ELECTRICAL SWITCH
EXPT NO: 16

DATE:

AIM:
To operate automatic operation of a double acting cylinder in a single cycle using
electrical switch in Electro Pneumatic Trainer Kit.
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

FLUIDSIM Software
Double Acting Cylinder
Input / Output Relay Box
4/2 Solenoid Operated DCV
Electrical Switch
FRL Unit

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit in FLUIDSIM software and check the connections.


Connect the FRL unit to the main air supply.
The various components are connected as per circuit.
Block the valve openings if necessary.
Check the leakage of air supply and correct it.
Open the valve and operate the cylinder.

87

ACTUATED POSITION

88

RESULT:
Thus the single cycle automation of double acting cylinder was operated by using
electrical switch in Electro Pneumatic Trainer Kit.

89

NORMAL POSITION

90

MULTI CYCLE AUTOMATION OF DOUBLE ACTING


CYLINDER
USING ELECTRICAL SWITCH
EXPT NO: 17

DATE:

AIM:
To operate automatic operation of a double acting cylinder in a multi cycle using
electrical switch in Electro Pneumatic Trainer Kit.
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

FLUIDSIM Software
Double Acting Cylinder
Input / Output Relay Box
4/2 Solenoid Operated DCV
Electrical Switch
FRL Unit

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit in FLUIDSIM software and check the connections.


Connect the FRL unit to the main air supply.
The various components are connected as per circuit.
Block the valve openings if necessary.
Check the leakage of air supply and correct it.
Open the valve and operate the cylinder.

91

ACTUATED POSITION

92

RESULT:
Thus the multi cycle automation of double acting cylinder was operated by using
electrical switch in Electro Pneumatic Trainer Kit.

93

NORMAL POSITION

94

SINGLE CYCLE AUTOMATION OF MULTIPLE CYLINDERS


IN
+ + - SEQUENCE (A B A B ) USING ELECTROPNEUMATIC
KIT
EXPT NO: 18

DATE:

AIM:
+ + - -

To operate single cycle automation of multiple cylinders in sequences (A B A B ) in


Electro Pneumatic Trainer Kit.
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

FLUIDSIM Software
Double Acting Cylinder
Input / Output Relay Box
4/2 Solenoid Operated DCV
Electrical Switch
FRL Unit

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit in FLUIDSIM software and check the connections.


Connect the FRL unit to the main air supply.
The various components are connected as per circuit.
Block the valve openings if necessary.
Check the leakage of air supply and correct it.
Open the valve and operate the cylinder.

95

ACTUATED POSITION

96

RESULT:
Thus the single cycle automation of multiple cylinders was operated
+ + - -

sequence (A B A B ) in Electro Pneumatic Trainer Kit.

97

NORMAL POSITION

98

SINGLE CYCLE AUTOMATION OF MULTIPLE CYLINDERS


IN
+ + - SEQUENCE (A B B A ) USING ELECTROPNEUMATIC
KIT
EXPT NO: 19

DATE:

AIM:
+ + - -

To operate single cycle automation of multiple cylinders in sequences (A B B A ) in


Electro Pneumatic Trainer Kit.
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

FLUIDSIM Software
Double Acting Cylinder
Input / Output Relay Box
4/2 Solenoid Operated DCV
Electrical Switch
FRL Unit

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit in FLUIDSIM software and check the connections.


Connect the FRL unit to the main air supply.
The various components are connected as per circuit.
Block the valve openings if necessary.
Check the leakage of air supply and correct it.
Open the valve and operate the cylinder.

99

ACTUATED POSITION

100

RESULT:
Thus the single cycle automation of multiple cylinders was operated
+ + - -

sequence (A B B A ) in Electro Pneumatic Trainer Kit.


101

NORMAL POSITION

102

ACTUATION OF SINGLE ACTING CYLINDER WITH ON


DELAY
TIMER USING PLC
EXPT NO: 20

DATE:

AIM:
To simulate the single acting cylinder with ON Delay Timer using PLC
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

Compressor
FRL Unit
3/2 Solenoid Operated DCV
Single Acting Cylinder
PLC
Versa Pro Software.

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit diagram.


Provide +24V and 24V from PLC trainer to panel.
Open the versa pro software in desktop.
Interface PLC with PC using RS232 cable.
Write a ladder diagram.
Output of PLC (Q1) is direct connecting to input of solenoid coil.
Following the opening procedure of versa pro software.
Check the ladder diagram.
Connect the air supply to FRL unit.
Run the PLC.
Sometimes delay the cylinder should be activated.

103

ACTUATED POSITION

104

RESULT:
Thus the actuation of single acting cylinder with ON Delay Timer was done using
PLC.

105

NORMAL POSITION

106

ACTUATION OF SINGLE ACTING CYLINDER WITH OFF


DELAY
TIMER USING PLC
EXPT NO: 21

DATE:

AIM:
To simulate the single acting cylinder with OFF Delay Timer using PLC
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

Compressor
FRL Unit
3/2 Solenoid Operated DCV
Single Acting Cylinder
PLC
Versa Pro Software.

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit diagram.


Provide +24V and 24V from PLC trainer to panel.
Open the versa pro software in desktop.
Interface PLC with PC using RS232 cable.
Write a ladder diagram.
Output of PLC (Q1) is direct connecting to input of solenoid coil.
Following the opening procedure of versa pro software.
Check the ladder diagram.
Connect the air supply to FRL unit.
Run the PLC.
Sometimes delay the cylinder should be activated.

107

ACTUATED POSITION

108

RESULT:
Thus the actuation of single acting cylinder with OFF Delay Timer was done using
PLC.
109

NORMAL POSITION

110

CONTROL OF DOUBLE ACTING CYLINDER WITH UP


COUNTER
USING PLC
EXPT NO: 22

DATE:

AIM:
To simulate the double acting cylinder with UP Counter using PLC
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

Compressor
FRL Unit
5/2 Solenoid Operated DCV
Single Acting Cylinder
PLC
Versa Pro Software.

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit diagram.


Provide +24V and 24V from PLC trainer to panel.
Open the versa pro software in desktop.
Interface PLC with PC using RS232 cable.
Write a ladder diagram.
Output of PLC (Q1) is direct connecting to input of solenoid coil.
Following the opening procedure of versa pro software.
Check the ladder diagram.
Connect the air supply to FRL unit.
Run the PLC.

111

ACTUATED POSITION

112

RESULT:
Thus the double acting cylinder is actuated with UP Counter using PLC.

113

NORMAL POSITION

114

CONTROL OF DOUBLE ACTING CYLINDER WITH DOWN


COUNTER USING PLC
EXPT NO: 23

DATE:

AIM:
To simulate the double acting cylinder with DOWN Counter using PLC
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

Compressor
FRL Unit
5/2 Solenoid Operated DCV
Single Acting Cylinder
PLC
Versa Pro Software.

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit diagram.


Provide +24V and 24V from PLC trainer to panel.
Open the versa pro software in desktop.
Interface PLC with PC using RS232 cable.
Write a ladder diagram.
Output of PLC (Q1) is direct connecting to input of solenoid coil.
Following the opening procedure of versa pro software.
Check the ladder diagram.
Connect the air supply to FRL unit.
Run the PLC.

115

ACTUATED POSITION

116

RESULT:
Thus the double acting cylinder is actuated with DOWN Counter using PLC.

117

NORMAL POSITION

118

OPERATION OF SINGLE ACTING CYLINDER WITH AND


LOGIC
USING PLC
EXPT NO: 24

DATE:

AIM:
To simulate the single acting cylinder with AND logic using PLC
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

Compressor
FRL Unit
3/2 Solenoid Operated DCV
Single Acting Cylinder
PLC
Versa Pro Software.

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit diagram.


Provide +24V and 24V from PLC trainer to panel.
Open the versa pro software in desktop.
Interface PLC with PC using RS232 cable.
Write a ladder diagram.
Output of PLC (Q1) is direct connecting to input of solenoid coil.
Following the opening procedure of versa pro software.
Check the ladder diagram.
Connect the air supply to FRL unit.
Run the PLC.
When two inputs (1i, 2i) are high, the output is high.

119

ACTUATED POSITION

120

RESULT:
Thus the single acting cylinder is actuated with AND logic using PLC.

121

NORMAL POSITION

122

OPERATION OF SINGLE ACTING CYLINDER WITH OR


LOGIC
USING PLC
EXPT NO: 25

DATE:

AIM:
To simulate the single acting cylinder with OR logic using PLC
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

Compressor
FRL Unit
3/2 Solenoid Operated DCV
Single Acting Cylinder
PLC
Versa Pro Software.

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit diagram.


Provide +24V and 24V from PLC trainer to panel.
Open the versa pro software in desktop.
Interface PLC with PC using RS232 cable.
Write a ladder diagram.
Output of PLC (Q1) is direct connecting to input of solenoid coil.
Following the opening procedure of versa pro software.
Check the ladder diagram.
Connect the air supply to FRL unit.
Run the PLC.
When any one input (1i, 2i) is high, the output is high

123

ACTUATED POSITION

124

RESULT:
Thus the single acting cylinder is actuated with OR logic using PLC.

125

NORMAL POSITION

126

AUTOMATION OF SINGLE ACTING CYLINDER USING


PLC
EXPT NO: 26

DATE:

AIM:
To simulate the automatic sequence of single acting cylinder using PLC
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

Compressor
FRL Unit
3/2 Solenoid Operated DCV
Single Acting Cylinder
PLC
Versa Pro Software.

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit diagram.


Provide +24V and 24V from PLC trainer to panel.
Open the versa pro software in desktop.
Interface PLC with PC using RS232 cable.
Write a ladder diagram.
Output of PLC (Q1) is direct connecting to input of solenoid coil.
Following the opening procedure of versa pro software.
Check the ladder diagram.
Connect the air supply to FRL unit.
Run the PLC.
Observe the working of single acting cylinder is automatic reciprocating.

127

ACTUATED POSITION

128

RESULT:
Thus the automation of single acting cylinder is done by using PLC.

129

NORMAL POSITION

130

AUTOMATION OF DOUBLE ACTING CYLINDER USING


PLC
EXPT NO: 27

DATE:

AIM:
To simulate the automatic sequence of double acting cylinder using PLC
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

Compressor
FRL Unit
5/2 Solenoid Operated DCV
Flow Control Valve
Single Acting Cylinder
PLC
Versa Pro Software.

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit diagram.


Provide +24V and 24V from PLC trainer to panel.
Open the versa pro software in desktop.
Interface PLC with PC using RS232 cable.
Write a ladder diagram.
Both Outputs of PLC (Q1 and Q2) are direct connecting to inputs of solenoid coils.
Following the opening procedure of versa pro software.
Check the ladder diagram.
Connect the air supply to FRL unit.
Run the PLC.
Observe the working of double acting cylinder is automatic reciprocating.

131

ACTUATED POSITION

132

RESULT:
Thus the automation of double acting cylinder is done by using PLC.

133

NORMAL POSITION

134

AUTOMATION OF MULTIPLE CYLINDERS IN


SEQUENCE
+ +

(A B A B ) USING PLC
EXPT NO: 28

DATE:

AIM:
+ + - -

To operate single cycle automation of multiple cylinders in sequence (A B A B )


using PLC
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

Compressor
FRL Unit
5/2 Solenoid Operated DCV
Flow Control Valve
Single Acting Cylinder
PLC
Versa Pro Software.

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit diagram.


Provide +24V and 24V from PLC trainer to panel.
Open the versa pro software in desktop.
Interface PLC with PC using RS232 cable.
Write a ladder diagram.

Both Outputs of PLC (Q1, Q2, Q3 and Q4) are direct connecting to inputs of
solenoid coils.
Following the opening procedure of versa pro software.
Check the ladder diagram.

135

ACTUATED POSITION

136

Connect the air supply to FRL unit.


Run the PLC.

Observe the working of double acting cylinder is automatic reciprocating using the
+ + - circuit A B A B .

RESULT:
Thus the single cycle automation of multiple cylinders is operated in sequence
+ + - -

(A B A B ) using PLC.

137

NORMAL POSITION

138

AUTOMATION OF MULTIPLE CYLINDERS IN


SEQUENCE
+ + -

(A B B A ) USING PLC
EXPT NO: 29

DATE:

AIM:
+ +

- -

To operate single cycle automation of multiple cylinders in sequence (A B B A )


using PLC
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

Compressor
FRL Unit
5/2 Solenoid Operated DCV
Flow Control Valve
Single Acting Cylinder
PLC
Versa Pro Software.

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit diagram.


Provide +24V and 24V from PLC trainer to panel.
Open the versa pro software in desktop.
Interface PLC with PC using RS232 cable.
Write a ladder diagram.

Both Outputs of PLC (Q1, Q2, Q3 and Q4) are direct connecting to inputs of
solenoid coils.
Following the opening procedure of versa pro software.
Check the ladder diagram.

139

ACTUATED POSITION

140

Connect the air supply to FRL unit.


Run the PLC.

Observe the working of double acting cylinder is automatic reciprocating using the
+ + - circuit A B B A .

RESULT:
Thus the single cycle automation of multiple cylinders is operated in sequence
+ + - -

(A B B A ) using PLC.

141

NORMAL POSITION

142

OPERATION OF SINGLE ACTING CYLINDER WITH DCV


EXPT NO: 30

DATE:

AIM:
To operate a single acting cylinder using DCV in Hydraulic Trainer Kit.
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

HYDROSIM Software
Single Acting Cylinder
Flow Control Valve
3/2 Solenoid DCV
Pump

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit in HYDROSIM software and check the connections.


The various components are connected as per circuit.
Block the valve openings if necessary.
Check the leakage and correct it.
Open the valve and operate the cylinder.

143

ACTUATED POSITION

144

RESULT:
Thus the single acting cylinder was operated using DCV in Hydraulic Trainer Kit

145

NORMAL POSITION

146

OPERATION OF DOUBLE ACTING CYLINDER WITH DCV


EXPT NO: 31

DATE:

AIM:
To operate a double acting cylinder using DCV in Hydraulic Trainer Kit.
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

HYDROSIM Software
Double Acting Cylinder
Flow Control Valve
4/2 Hand Levered DCV
Pump

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit in HYDROSIM software and check the connections.


The various components are connected as per circuit.
Block the valve openings if necessary.
Check the leakage and correct it.
Open the valve and operate the cylinder.

147

ACTUATED POSITION

148

RESULT:
Thus the double acting cylinder was operated using DCV in Hydraulic Trainer Kit

149

NORMAL POSITION

150

OPERATION OF HYDRAULIC MOTOR WITH DCV


EXPT NO: 32

DATE:

AIM:
To operate a hydraulic motor using DCV in Hydraulic Trainer Kit.
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

HYDROSIM Software
Hydraulic Motor
Flow Control Valve
4/2 Hand Levered DCV
Pump

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit in HYDROSIM software and check the connections.


The various components are connected as per circuit.
Block the valve openings if necessary.
Check the leakage and correct it.
Open the valve and operate the motor.

151

ACTUATED POSITION

152

RESULT:
Thus the hydraulic motor was operated using DCV in Hydraulic Trainer Kit
153

NORMAL POSITION

154

SINGLE CYCLE AUTOMATION OF DOUBLE ACTING


CYLINDER
USING LIMIT SWITCH
EXPT NO: 33

DATE:

AIM:
To operate automatic operation of a double acting cylinder in a single cycle using
limit switch in Hydraulic Trainer Kit.
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

HYDROSIM Software
Double Acting Cylinder
3/2 Push Button Operated Spring Return DCV
4/2 Pilot Operated DCV
Limit Switch
FRL Unit

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit in HYDROSIM software and check the connections.


The various components are connected as per circuit.
Block the valve openings if necessary.
Check the leakage and correct it.
Open the valve and operate the cylinder.

155

ACTUATED POSITION

156

RESULT:
Thus the single cycle automation of double acting cylinder was operated by using
limit switch in Hydraulic Trainer Kit.

157

NORMAL POSITION

158

MULTI CYCLE AUTOMATION OF DOUBLE ACTING


CYLINDER
USING LIMIT SWITCH
EXPT NO: 34

DATE:

AIM:
To operate automatic operation of a double acting cylinder in a multi cycle using limit
switch in Hydraulic Trainer Kit.
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

HYDROSIM Software
Double Acting Cylinder
3/2 Push Button Operated DCV
4/2 Pilot Operated DCV
Limit Switch
FRL Unit

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit in HYDROSIM software and check the connections.


The various components are connected as per circuit.
Block the valve openings if necessary.
Check the leakage and correct it.
Open the valve and operate the cylinder.

159

ACTUATED POSITION

160

RESULT:
Thus the multi cycle automation of double acting cylinder was operated by using limit
switch in Hydraulic Trainer Kit.

161

NORMAL POSITION

162

SIMULATION OF SINGLE CYCLE AUTOMATION OF


MULTIPLE
+ + - CYLINDERS IN SEQUENCE (A B A B ) USING
HYDROSIM
SOFTWARE
EXPT NO: 35

DATE:

AIM:
To simulate a Single Cycle Automation of Multiple Cylinders in Sequence (A+B+A-B-) using
HYDROSIM software.

APPARATUS REQUIRED:

HYDROSIM Software
Double Acting Cylinder
3/2 Roller Operated Spring Return DCV
3/2 Push Button Spring Return DCV
4/2 Pilot Operated DCV
Limit Switch
Pump

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit in HYDROSIM software and check the connections.


The various components are connected as per circuit.
Block the valve openings if necessary.
Check the leakage and correct it.
Open the valve and operate the cylinder.

163

ACTUATED POSITION

164

RESULT:
Thus the Simulation of Single Cycle Automation of Multiple Cylinders in Sequence (A+B+A-

B ) Using HYDROSIM Software was done.

165

NORMAL POSITION

166

SIMULATION OF SINGLE CYCLE AUTOMATION OF


MULTIPLE
+ + - CYLINDERS IN SEQUENCE (A B B A ) USING
HYDROSIM
SOFTWARE
EXPT NO: 36

DATE:

AIM:
To simulate a Single Cycle Automation of Multiple Cylinders in Sequence (A+B+B-A-) using
HYDROSIM Software.

APPARATUS REQUIRED:

HYDROSIM Software
Double Acting Cylinder
3/2 Roller Operated Spring Return DCV
3/2 Push Button Spring Return DCV
4/2 Pilot Operated DCV
Limit Switch
Pump

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit in HYDROSIM software and check the connections.


The various components are connected as per circuit.
Block the valve openings if necessary.
Check the leakage and correct it.
Open the valve and operate the cylinder.

167

ACTUATED POSITION

168

RESULT:
Thus the Simulation of Single Cycle Automation of Multiple Cylinders in Sequence (A+B+B-

A ) Using HYDROSIM Software was done.

169

NORMAL POSITION

170

SIMULATION OF SINGLE CYCLE AUTOMATION OF


MULTIPLE
+ + + - - CYLINDERS IN SEQUENCE (A B C A B C ) USING
HYDROSIM
SOFTWARE
EXPT NO: 37

DATE:

AIM:
To simulate a Single Cycle Automation of Multiple Cylinders in Sequence (A +B+C+A-B-C-) using
HYDROSIM Software.

APPARATUS REQUIRED:

HYDROSIM Software
Double Acting Cylinder
3/2 Roller Operated Spring Return DCV
3/2 Push Hand Levered Spring Return DCV
4/2 Pilot Operated DCV
Limit Switch
Pump

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit in HYDROSIM software and check the connections.


The various components are connected as per circuit.
Block the valve openings if necessary.
Check the leakage and correct it.
Open the valve and operate the cylinder.

171

ACTUATED POSITION

172

RESULT:
Thus the Simulation of Single Cycle Automation of Multiple Cylinders in Sequence (A+B+C+A-B-

C ) Using HYDROSIM Software was done.

173

NORMAL POSITION

174

SIMULATION OF SINGLE CYCLE AUTOMATION OF


MULTIPLE
+ + - - + CYLINDERS IN SEQUENCE (A B B A C C ) USING
HYDROSIM
SOFTWARE
EXPT NO: 38

DATE:

AIM:
To simulate a Single Cycle Automation of Multiple Cylinders in Sequence (A +B+ B-A-C+C-) using
HYDROSIM Software.

APPARATUS REQUIRED:

HYDROSIM Software
Double Acting Cylinder
3/2 Roller Operated Spring Return DCV
3/2 Push Hand Levered Spring Return DCV
4/2 Pilot Operated DCV
Limit Switch
Pump

PROCEDURE:

Draw the circuit in HYDROSIM software and check the connections.


The various components are connected as per circuit.
Block the valve openings if necessary.
Check the leakage and correct it.
Open the valve and operate the cylinder.

175

ACTUATED POSITION

176

RESULT:
Thus the Simulation of Single Cycle Automation of Multiple Cylinders in Sequence (A+B+ B-A+ -

C C ) Using HYDROSIM Software was done.

177

HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT

178

ACTUATION OF HYDRAULIC CYLINDER AND TO FIND


OUT
PRESSURE VS FORCE
EXPT NO: 39

DATE:

AIM:
To actuate the hydraulic cylinder and find out the Pressure VS Force.
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

Oil Tank
Single Phase Motor
Gear Pump
Pressure Relief Valve
4/3 Double Solenoid Valve
Double Acting Cylinder
Load Cell
Data Actuation Card than Lab View Software.

FORMULA:
P=F/A
A = ( / 4) * D

2
2

Pressure

Kg/cm

Force

Kg

Area

cm

Diameter of Cylindercm

Cylinder diameter

= 50mm

Cylinder rod diameter

= 30mm

Cylinder stroke length

= 150mm

179

TABULATION:

S.No

Pressure
Kg/cm

Displayed Force

Calculated Force

Kg

Kg

% of Error

1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
MODEL CALCULATION:

180

Error = Displayed Force Calculated Force / Displayed Force


% of Error = Error * 100
PROCEDURE:

Switch on the electrical power supply with motor.


Switch on the power supply to the control unit.
Open the lab view software in the system.
Inter face hydraulic trainer with system using RS-232.
Open the force. Go to operate, click the run. Than power on (below).
Now extend the system by pressing the up button.
Load cell indicate the force value in the monitor.

Now adjust the pressure regulator and set the maximum pressure as 25kg/cm2.
Retract the cylinder.
Once again forward the cylinder; you have adjusted the pressure in pressure regulator.
You have seen the force value in monitoring.
Repeat the force value for different pressure.

GRAPH:
Pressure VS Force

181

MODEL GRAPH:

182

RESULT:

The actuation of double acting cylinder was carried out and the curve
between
pressure and force is been obtained.