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International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET)

Volume 7, Issue 2, March-April 2016, pp. 226233, Article ID: IJCIET_07_02_020


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ISSN Print: 0976-6308 and ISSN Online: 0976-6316
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AN EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION ON
MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF MORTAR
WITH ADMIXTURE
Prof. Ganesh V Tapkire
Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering,
R. C. Patel Institute of Technology, Shirpur, Maharashtra, India
Prof. Hemraj R Kumavat
Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering,
R. C. Patel Institute of Technology, Shirpur, Maharashtra, India
Prof. Vikram J Patel
Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering,
R. C. Patel Institute of Technology, Shirpur, Maharashtra, India
ABSTRACT
In regular Practice During the plastering work there is no admixture used
in ordinary mortar but actual situation on site is the labour can mix the
material at time 10 am and used this material whole day till the end of day
time 5.30 pm during this period mortar loss the physical properties of mortar
because in mortar consist of cement, sand, water. But cement has its own
limitation like initial setting time not less than 30 min & final setting time not
more than 10 hrs. But actual practice, material mixing time and actual placing
time are varying due to this reason our research focus on the physical
properties on mortar and compare with admixture mix mortar. For this
experimental study we prepare the ordinary mortar and to check the
Properties of mortar in Plastic Stage. Like flow table test and Properties of
mortar in Harden Stage like compressive strength and same material mix with
admixture in 2% & 5% against the weight of cement. And compare with IS
standard.
Keywords: Admixture Mix Mortar, Compressive Strength of Cement,
Ordinary Mortar
Cite this Article: Prof. Ganesh V Tapkire, Prof. Hemraj R Kumavat and Prof.
Vikram J Patel, An Experimental Investigation on Mechanical Properties of
Mortar with Admixture, International Journal of Civil Engineering and
Technology, 7(2), 2016, pp. 226233.
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An Experimental Investigation on Mechanical Properties of Mortar with Admixture

1. INTRODUCTION
In regular Practice plastering work is lengthy process in actual practice there is no
admixture used in ordinary mortar but actual situation on site is the labour can mix the
material at morning time and used this material whole day means 8 hours during this
period mortar loss the physical properties of mortar because in mortar consist of
cement, sand, water. But cement has its own limitation like initial setting time not less
than 30 min & final setting time not more than 10 hrs. Material mixing time and
actual placing time are varying due to this time laps or delay the use of mortar its
reduced the plastic stage and hardened stage property of material and our research
basically focus on the physical properties on mortar and compare with admixture mix
mortar. Here we used the accelerating admixture for this experimental study we
prepare the ordinary mortar and to check the Properties of mortar in Plastic Stage.
Like flow table test and Properties of mortar in Harden Stage like compressive
strength and same material mix with admixture in 2% & 5% mix in mortar.

2. LITERTURE REVIEW
Martin C, Lawrence P , Erick R suggest that, the part of an overall project the aim of
which was the development of general mix design rules for concrete containing
different kinds of mineral admixtures. The two first parts presented the separation and
quantification, by means of an empirical model based on semi-adiabatic calorimetry
measurements, of the different physical effects responsible for changes in cement
hydration (short terms) when chemically inert quartz powders were used in mortars.
Part three dealt with an intensive experimental program, presenting and commenting
more than 2000 compressive strength measurements. This program concerned 1 day
to 6 months old mortars containing up to 75% of inert and pozzolanic admixtures. All
these compressive strength results are analyzed in this fourth part and the influence of
three effects, namely dilution, heterogeneous nucleation and the pozzolanic effect, are
discriminated and quantitatively evaluated [1].
Wagner E.F describes that, an experimental study conducted on fresh mortars and
concretes made with crushed sand. The aim of this research was to assess the effect of
aggregate particle shape and surface texture as well as dust content on mortar and
concrete rheology. The experimental programme also addressed the impact of angular
grains on chemical admixture performance and concrete on chemical admixture
performance and concrete bleeding [2].
Bartos, P.J.M suggest that, objective of the experimental study is to investigate the
effect of mineral admixtures, different SPs and different VMAs on the fresh
properties of SCMs. In this context four mineral admixtures, both pozzolanic and nonpozzolanic, namely, fly-ash, limestone powder, brick powder and kaolinite are
utilized. Two of the SPs were poly carboxylate based and one was melamine
formaldehyde based admixtures. The VMAs, an aqueous dispersion of microscopic
silica based and a high molecular weight hydroxylated polymer based admixtures [3].

3. EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAMME
3.1. Specification and direction for use of admixture
Asian Paints Smart Care Vitalia is an integral liquid waterproofing compound with
advanced formulation and superior plasticizing additives for cement concrete, mortar
and plaster.

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Prof. Ganesh V Tapkire, Prof. Hemraj R Kumavat and Prof. Vikram J Patel
1. Charge cement and aggregates to concrete mixture as per the mix design, mix in dry
state for 1-2 minute.
2. Start addition of 50% to 60% of mixing/gauging water and mix for2-3 minute.
3. Stir the Vitalia container well before use.
4. Vitalia needs to be added as per the recommended dosage into the remaining mixing /
gauging water, then add to concrete mixer and mix for another 2-3 minutes.
5. Place the concrete or apply plaster, as needed.
6. Cure the applied mortar or concrete as per good construction practices.
7. Do not add Vitalia directly to cement . Always add to gauging water.
8. Maintain the water cement ratio as low as possible.

3.2. Casting procedure


Take the material as per the proportion (1:3) of cube size 7.06cmx7.06cmx7.06cm
and water content (P/4) +3 prepare the mix of mortar before place in cube apply the
oil layer on cube surface and vibrate in vibrating table. Fill up with layer by layer
these is the ordinary mortar and same material proportion mix with admixture mix
mortar similarly conduct the floe table test on material. Casting process of mortar is
shown in figure no1.

Figure1 Methodology of flow table test

3.3. Flow Table Test


The flow through test (Bartos, Tamimi 2002) is used to measure the workability of
highly flowable concretes. It was originally developed for measuring repair concretes.
The test apparatus consists of a 230 mm wide, 1000 mm long horizontal steel trough.
Approximately 6 liters of concrete is placed in a conical hopper and allowed to fall
from the hopper onto one end of the trough. The mortar spread on flow table is shown
in figure no 2. The time required for concrete to flow a certain distance (typically 750

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An Experimental Investigation on Mechanical Properties of Mortar with Admixture

mm) down the trough is recorded. The test is conducted three times immediately after
mixing and another three times thirty minutes after mixing. The set of tests is
conducted at thirty minutes in order to characterize the workability of the concrete at
the time of placement. The concrete is agitated every five minutes in the thirty
minutes between the initial and final sets of tests.

4. RESULT AND DISCUSSION


4.1. Material properties
Table 1 Properties of Ordinary Portland Cement: (OPC 53 grade)
Test
Standard consistency
Compressive strength Mpa (3 days)
Compressive strength Mpa (7 days)
Initial Setting time
Final Setting time
Fineness

Result
33%
16.4
23.5
53minutes
240 minutes
7.50%

4.2. Test on Mortar in Plastic stage


Table 2 Flow table test results with proportion
Proportion
(1:3)

(1:6)

% of
admixture
0%
2%
5%
0%
2%
5%

Diameter (cm)
Initial
Final
10
21
10
22.5
10
23.9
10
19.5
10
18.6
10
16.2

Workability
110
125
139
95
86
62

The initial and final diameters of the mortar sample are used to calculate flow.
Flow is defined as the increase in diameter divided by the original diameter multiplied
by 100. Laboratory mixed mortar, where conditions are more controlled, should have
a flow of approximately 110. In the field, mortar is usually mixed to a flow of about
130-150. As mortar sits, its flow decreases, to maintain workability. From the above
observation we seen that as the admixture % is increase up to 5% the workability also
increase and within limit as per IS. But in 7% Workability suddenly decrease or
below the IS Limit. Hence for the above Proportion of this admixture is suitable for
plastic stage in Mortar up to 5% of weight of cement.
From the above observation we seen that as the admixture % is increase with
respect to decrease workability and below the IS Limit due to change in proportion of
cement and sand for this proportion admixture is not suitable for plastic stage in
Mortar. But actual practice in construction field this proportion of mortar is not used
for plastering work.

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Prof. Ganesh V Tapkire, Prof. Hemraj R Kumavat and Prof. Vikram J Patel

Figure 2 Flow table test with mortar specimen

Figure 3 Compressive strength test and Failure of mortar cube specimen

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An Experimental Investigation on Mechanical Properties of Mortar with Admixture


Table 3 Flow table test results with proportion

Age

Maximu
m Load
in (KN)

1:3 Proportion
0 % Admixture
90.00
3
85.00
Days 80.00
115.00
7
120.00
Days
110.00
2 % Admixture
99.20
3
76.00
Days 64.00
109.40
7
119.50
Days
95.30
5 % Admixture
139.40
3
71.10
Days
66.70
79.70
7
135.50
Days
91.80

Compressive
strength
N/mm2

18.04
17.03
16.03
23.05
24.05
22.04
19.90
15.20
12.85
21.90
24.80
19.10
27.90
14.10
13.30
15.90
27.10
18.40

Average
compressive
Strength
N/mm2

17.03

23.05

15.98

21.93

18.43

20.46

Age

Maximum
Load in
(KN)

1:6 Proportion
0 % Admixture
74.65
60.65
3 Days
72.01
84.61
7 Days 74.65
94.02
2 % Admixture
41.0
24.60
3 Days
32.60
43.0
7 Days 37.0
49.0
5 % Admixture
24.80
3 Days 47.50
45.10
41.8
7 Days 36.10
43.10

Compressiv
e strength
N/mm2

14.99
12.18
14.46
16.99
14.99
18.88
8.23
4.93
6.54
8.63
7.43
9.84
4.98
9.54
9.06
8.39
7.24
8.65

Average
compressiv
e Strength
N/mm2

13.87

16.95

6.56

8.63

7.86

8.09

5. CONCLUSION
1. Based on experimental results, we found the properties of Mortar (1:3) in Plastic
stage as shown in table 3. Percentage of Admixture is increase up to 5% and the
workability also increase and within limit as per IS. But in 7% Workability suddenly
decrease or below the IS Limit. Hence for the above Proportion of this admixture is
suitable for plastic stage in Mortar up to 5% of weight of cement.
2. Mortar (1:6) in Plastic stage admixture % is increase with respective workability
decrease and below the IS Limit due to change in proportion of cement and sand for
this proportion admixture is not suitable for plastic stage in Mortar.
3. As per IS 269(1967) for ordinary Portland cement the compressive strength at 3 days
should not be less than 16.3 N/mm2 and at 7 days should not be less than 22.4 N/mm2
for the standard sand but using other river sand the result should be 66% of the
standard sand. Means the required strength for 3 days is 10.75 N/mm2 and for 7 days
14.78 N/mm2 from the above observation table we seen that the use of this admixture
is affects the compressive strength of cement mortar but not less than the required
limit as per IS 269(1967) so here we conclude that this type of admixture is used for
increase the workability of cement mortar.
4. As per IS 269(1967) for ordinary Portland cement the compressive strength at 3 days
should not be less than 16.3 N/mm2 and at 7 days should not be less than 22.4 N/mm2
for the standard sand but using other river sand the result should be 66% of the
standard sand. Means the required strength for 3 days is 10.75 N/mm2 and for 7 days
14.78 N/mm2 from the above observation table we seen that the use of this admixture

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Prof. Ganesh V Tapkire, Prof. Hemraj R Kumavat and Prof. Vikram J Patel
is more affects the compressive strength of cement mortar is less than the required
limit As per IS 269(1967) so here we conclude that this type of admixture is not used
for the workability of cement mortar (1:6) in plastic stage. And it is not suitable for
hardened stage also.

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An Experimental Investigation on Mechanical Properties of Mortar with Admixture

AUTHOR DETAILS
Prof. GANESH V. TAPKIRE, Completed B.E. in civil Engineering 2008 and MTech (Building Construction &Technology) 2015. Author presented and Publish
paper 04 Research paper in National conference and 01 International Journal along
with publication author had attended 06 workshop sponsored by ISTE. Also he has
associate life member of ISTE. Have two years site experience in NH-3 Pimpalgaon Dhule BOT Project. From last 4.6 year Assistant professor in civil Engineering
department in R.C. Patel. Institute of Technology Shirpur.
Prof. HEMRAJ R. KUMAVAT, Completed B.E. in Civil
Engineering in 2003 and M.E. in Building Science and Technology
in 2009 from North Maharashtra University, Jalgaon (MS).
Published 13 research papers in international journal and presented
10 papers in international conference, 01 paper in national
conference. Along with the publication author had attended 12
workshops sponsored by ISTE. Also he has associate member of
IEI & LMISTE. Have 2.5 year industrial experience of construction
of various civil engineering projects like Building, Roads and Canals. From last 10
years he is working as Assistant Professor in Civil Engineering Department in R. C.
Patel Institute of Technology, Shirpur, Dist. Dhule (MS)
Prof. VIKRAM J. PATEL completed B.E. in Civil Engineering
in 2011 and M.E.Civil (Transportation Engineering) in 2013 from
Parul Institute of Engineering & Technology, Waghodia,
Vadodara. Presented 05 research papers in National conference
and published 04 research papers in International journal. Along
with the presentations author had attended 08 workshops
sponsored by ISTE. Author has 4.6 years teaching Experience &
from last 2.6 years he is working as Assistant Professor in Civil
Engineering Department at R. C. Patel Institute of Technology, Shirpur, and Dist.
Dhule (MS).

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