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# Engineering 12

Relevant Equations

Vector Algebra
?? ∙ ?? = ???? cos ??

??̂
??̂
??
?? × ?? = � ???? ???? ???? � = ???? sin ??
???? ???? ????
???? ???? ????
S
P
?? ∙ (?? × ??) = � ???? ???? ???? �
Q
???? ???? ????

Moments
???? = ?? × ??
????′ = ???? + ?? × ??
?????? = ?? ∙ (?? × ??)
??∥ ?? ∙ ??????
=
?? =
??
?? 2

Centroids/Moments of Area
Polar Coordinates

Cartesian Coordinates
???? = ??�?? = � ??̅el ????

??̅???? =

???? = ??�?? = � ??�el ????

??�???? =

2??
cos ??
3
2??
sin ??
3

???? =

?? 2
????
2

Centroids/Moments of Lines
Cartesian Coordinates
Polar Coordinates
???? 2

???? = � ??̅ ???? ; ???? = ???? 1 + � �
????
??�?? = � ??�???? ; ???? = ????�1 + �

???? = ????�1 + �

???? 2

????

???? 2

????

Theorems of Pappus-Guldinus
?? = 2????�??
???? = ????

Friction
tan ?? = ??

?? = 2????�??
ln

??2
= ???? ??
??1

45 Newtons 1 ton = 2000 lbs 1 metric ton = 1000 kg Gravitational acceleration.4 µm ???? = � ????2 = ????2 + ????2 ?? = ?? ̅ + ????2 Moments of Mass ?? = ?? ̅ + ????2 ???? = �(?? 2 + ?? 2 )???? ?? = � ???? = �(?? 2 + ?? 2 )???? c A ???? ?? ?? ?? B a b C Mass/Weight: 1 kg = 0.48 cm 1 mil = 25. g = 9. = 0. ?? ???? = � ?? 2 ???? ???? = ???? + ???? ?? = � ?? 2 ???? ???? = �(?? 2 + ?? 2 )???? Trigonometric Equations ?? ?? ?? = = sin ?? sin ?? sin ?? ??2 = ?? 2 + ?? 2 − 2???? cos ?? Conversion Factors: Length: 1 meter = 3.278 Newtons 1 lb = 4.Moment of Areas ???? = � ?? 2 ???? ???? ???? = � .2 ft/s2 Volume: 1 liter = 1.0688 slugs 1 oz.54 cm 1 foot = 30.056 quarts 1 gal = 3.8 m/s2 = 32.61 km 1 meter = 1. = 29. Oz.57 mL 1 mL = 1 cm3 .093 yds 1 inch = 2.28 ft 1 mile = 5280 ft 1 mile = 1.785 liters 1 fl.