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31, Sund
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(8639)

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Zlvkdif 31? 2016

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Zlvkdif 31? 2016

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&S d o l r sm;? Action Aid? World
Vision? Plan International? UN
Habitat? Myanmar Environment
Association? RIMES
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Zlvkdif 31? 2016

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tay: vTrf;rdk;Edkifjcif;? Ekdifvdkrif;xufjyKrlEkdifjcif;
(Tyranny)? tcsKd;rnDzuf'&,fpepfwGif vkyfydkifcGihf
enf;yg;aom jynfe,frsm;ESifh o,HZmw avmbouf
aom jynfe,frsm;u cGx
J u
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kH oH;k oyf&ygrl
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onfvnf;aumif; xl;cRe
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tu,f A[dt
k pd;k &u wefc;dk Bu;D ygu jynfe,ftpd;k &
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wefc;kd Bu;D yguvnf; jynfaxmifpEk idk if o
H nf t"dym ,f

uif;rJhrnfjzpfonf/
jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHrsm;udkyif
oPmefaqmif jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHESihf jynfaxmifpk
ppfppfEkdifiH[l cGJjcm;avhvmMujyefonf/ xdkodkY
cGJjcm;&mwGif A[dktpdk;&ESihf jynfe,ftpdk;&rsm;\
tmPmudk rnfokdY cGJa0ydkif;jcm;xm;oenf;/
A[dktpkd;&ESifh jynfe,ftpkd;& odkYr[kwf jynfe,f
tpdk;&csif; jyemjzpfvQif rnfonhftzGJUu rnfol
rsm;yg0ifvsuf udkifwG,fajz&Sif;ay;oenf;/ tajccH
Oya'udk rnfodkYjyifqifMuoenf;/ A[dktpdk;&\
Oya'jyKu@odkY jynfe,ftoD;oD;u udk,fpm;vS,f
rsm;udk rnfodkY apvTwfMuoenf;/ tcGefukd
rnfoaYkd umufco
H enf;/ (jynfe,ftpd;k &rsm;u rdrw
d Ykd
oabmtavsmufaumufcHoHk;pGJoavm odkYr[kwf
A[dktpdk;&u wm0ef,laumufcHNyD; jynfe,ftpdk;&
rsm;odkY cGJa0ay;jcif;avm)/ rnfonfhyk*dKvfonf
pDrcH efcY aJG &; (tkycf sKyaf &;)u@\ tBu;D tuJ (orw
odrYk [kwf 0efBu;D csKy)f jzpf rnfoaYkd &G;cs,w
f ifajrm uf
Muoenf;[l cGJjcm;avhvmMuonf/
xdkYtjyif jynfaxmifpkpepfudk (1) oDtkd&Dt&
jynfaxmifp?k (2)oPmefaqmifjynfaxmifpk (Quasi
Federal)? (3) jynfaxmifpkppfppf (True Federal)?
(4) wpfjynfaxmifqefaom jynfaxmifp?k (5) jynfe,f
rsm;u tcGihfta&;omvGefonfh jynfaxmifpk
(Highly Federalised State)? (6) jynfe,frsm;u
tcGihfta&;enf;yg;onfh jynfaxmifpk (Not Highly
Federalised State) [lvnf;aumif;? vdt
k yfcsut
f &
tcsKdUjynfe,ftpdk;&udk jynfaxmifpktpdk;&ESihf ndEIdif;
um vkyyf ikd cf iG fh ydrk adk y;xm;&aom tcsK;d rnDzuf'&,f
(Asymmetrical Federal) ESihf jynfe,ftpdk;&rsm;
tMum; tcGihftvrf;ESihf tkyfcsKyfrItcGihftmPm
wpfajy;nD&Sdaom tcsKd;nDzuf'&,f (Symmetrical
Federal) [lvnf;aumif;? A[dkxdef;csKyfrIuJaom
jynfaxmifpkpepf (Centralized Federalism) ESihf
A[dkxdef;csKyfrIavQmhcsxm;aom jynfaxmifpkpepf
(Decentralized Federalism) [lvnf;aumif;
cGJjcm;avhvmMuygonf/
wpfzefif;wdkYrS cGJxGuf tcsKyftjcmtmPm
oD;jcm;pDykdifqdkifaom EkdifiHawmfrsm; (jynfe,frsm;)
pkzUJG xm;onfh uGezf uf'a&;&Si;f pepf (Confederation)
ESihf "eo[m, EkdifiHrsm;tzGJU (Commonwealth
of Nations) (Oyrm-,cifu NAdwdoQudkvdkeDEkdifiH
a[mif;rsm;udk NAdwdefu OD;pD;zGJUxm;aom tusKd;wl
Ekid if rH sm;tzGUJ ESifh qdAk ,
D ufjynfaxmifpNk yKd uNJG y;D aemuf
oD;jcm;vGwfvyfvmonfh EkdifiH 15 ckteuf 11 EkdifiH
wdkY pkzGJUonfh vGwfvyfaom "eo[m,EkdifiHrsm;)
[l wnfaxmifMuaom EkdifiHrsm;vnf;&Sdygonf/
jynfaxmifpk[laom a0g[m&udkyif tar&duefESihf
tm&yfjynfaxmifpEk ikd if w
H u
Ykd United [kvnf;aumif;?
,cifqAdk ,
D ufjynfaxmifpu
k Union [kvnf;aumif;?
*smreDESpfEkdifiH raygif;pnf;rDu taemuf*smreDu
Federal [kvnf;aumif; oHk;EIef;Muygonf/ uGefzuf
'a&;&Sif;ESihf ywfouf A Dictionary of Politics
(Fourth Edition) wGif ''The essential difference
between a federation and a confederation is that
the organs of a federation have a direct power
over the citizens of its component provinces or
states. Thus Switzerland is officially called a
confederation but is really a federation.'' [k qdkyg

onf/ odkYtwGuf qGpfZmvefjynfaxmifpk (uGefzuf


'a&;&Sif;)ukd avhvmvQif Canton [kac:onfh
jynfe,faygif; 26 ck&SdNyD; jynfe,ftoD;oD;wGif
udk,fydkiftajccHOya'&SdaMumif;?
rsm;jym;vSaom
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qEc,
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H trnf
udk zuf'a&;&Sif;[k roHk;bJ uGefzuf'a&;&Sif;[k
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aom oabmqEtwdik ;f jynfaxmifpt
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a&G;cs,fMu&ayrnf/
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rsm; (Oyrm- zJGUpnf;yHktajccHOya'? EdkifiHjcm;a&;?
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jrefrmEdik if \
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cJhonf/ xdkYaemufrS 1947 tajccHOya'ay:ayguf
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w&m;0ifqdkxm;aomfvnf; vufawGUwGif ]]wpfjynf
axmif}}oabmjzpfae &Sr;f jynfe,frS wifoiG ;f aom
tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;(&Srf;rl)udk 1961
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nDvmcHtNy;D &Sr;f jynfe,fu,
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em;vnfygaMumif;? yk*dKvfa&; rauseyfrIrsm;rSponf
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ajz&Sif;&mwGif zJGUpnf;tkyfcsKyfyHktajccHOya'BuD;
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pdwf"mwfjzifh ajz&Sif;vQifajyvnfEdkifygaMumif;}}?
EdkifiHawmforwBuD; OD;0if;armifu ]]zuf'&,frludk
nEd iId ;f aqG;aEG;Mu&mwGif pdw&f n
S &f n
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toGirf sK;d jzifh ajz&Si;f Muapvdak Mumif;}} ajymqdak qG;aEG;
MuNyD; 0efBuD;csKyfOD;Eku (11-7-1961) owif;pm
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udk,fvkyf? vlrsKd;pkawGuvnf; udk,fBudKufwm
udk,fvkyfMur,fqdk&if
jynfaxmifpkBuD;uJGr,f/
jynfaxmifpkBuD; cdkifNrJwnfwHhapcsif&if igwaum
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taeeJY &Sif;oGm;r,f}}[k aqG;aEG;oGm;aMumif;wdkYudk
q&mausm0f if;\ zuf'&,fro
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,aeYurmay:wGif EkdifiHtcsKdUonf rdrdEkdifiH\
yx0Dtaetxm;? ,Ofaus;rI"avhxHk;pH? vlrsKd;pk
wnf&SdrI? tajccHOya'taetxm;? orkdif;a&;&m
tuefYtowfrsm;tay:rlwnf zuf'&,fpepfudk
usihfoHk;aeMuonf/ tcsKdUuvnf; pum;vHk;ynwf
tay: pdk;&drfpdwfjzihf zuf'&,fjynfaxmifpkpepfudk
usihfoHk;Mu&ef zihfaES;aeMuonfqdk\/ ae&mwGif
Adv
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d &dk iS ;f xda&mufaom pum;
ukd wifjyvdkonf/ 1947 yifvHkpmcsKyfjzpfajrmufa&;
BudK;yrf;&mwGif aemif 10 ESpf Mumonfhtcg cGJxGuf
vdku cGJxGufcGihfjyKxm;onfh udptay:ar;jref;&m
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pma&;oltaejzihf aqmif;yg;udk q&mausm0f if;
\ pmom;tcsKUd jzihf ed*;kH csKyv
f ykd gonf/ (q&mausm0f if;
cGihfjyKygcifAsm;)/ 21 &mpkyifvHkaqG;aEG;yGJwGif wuf
a&mufvmolrsm;u jynfoludk rsufESmrlvsuf rdrdwdkY
\ arQmv
f ihw
f efz;kd rsm; (Expected Values) udk tao
rudkif? vuf&Sdtajctaexufydkaumif;a&; (Better
off) udk ESvHk;oGif;NyD; jynfaxmifpkta&; aqG;aEG;Mu
vdrfhrnf[k ,HkMunfarQmfvihfaerdygaMumif;/
/

Zlvdkif 31? 2016

uarm'D;,m;? vmtdk? jrefrm? xdkif;ESifh AD,uferfEdkifiHwdkYrS tEkokckrynm&Sifrsm;yg0if,SOfNydKifMuonfh 2016 ckESpf tqdk? tu? twD;yGJawmf( Festival of Song, Dance and Music 2016) udk AD,uferfEdkifiH
uGrfxGD;jynfe,f 'Gef[mNrdKU&Sd jyZmwfkH Zlvdkif 18 &ufrS 25 &ufxd usif;ycJhonf/
tqdkygNydKifyGJwGif jrefrmEdkifiHu a&TwHqdyfwpfckESifh aiGwHqdyf av;ck&&SdcJhaMumif; od&Sd&onfhtwGuf NydKifyGJodkYoGm;a&muf,SOfNydKifcJhonfh tzGJUacgif;aqmifESifh tEkynmOD;pD;XmerS qk&tEkynm&Sifrsm;\ pum;oHrsm;udk
azmfjyvdkufygonf/

OD;atmifqef;OD;

roif;oif;rdk;

reDvmodef;

rZmenfatmif

OD;aZ,smvif;

rrmvmjrifhatmif

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NrdKUe,f(jyef^quf)

Zlvdkif 31? 2016

MACCS
pDrHudef;ESifhb@ma&;0efBuD;Xme? taumufcGefOD;pD;XmerS *syefEdkifiH
tpdk;&\ b@ma&;tultnD(Grant Aid)jzifh taumiftxnfazmf aqmif
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aqG;aEG;yGJudk atmufygtwdkif; ESpf&ufcGJ usif;yrnfjzpfygonf/
usif;yrnfhaeY&uf
- 4-8-2016&ufESifh 11-8-2016&uf
usif;yrnfhtcsdef
- eHeuf 9;00em&DrS nae 5;00em&Dtxd
usif;yrnfhae&m
- yxrxyf? r*Fvmcef;r? UMFCCI vrf;rawmf
NrdKUe,f? &efukefNrdKU/
taumufcGef 0efaqmifrIvkyfief; aqmif&GufaeonfhtzGJU(Agency)
toD;oD;&Sd Private Users rsm;? yef;a&mifuwfudkifaqmifonfh vkyfom;rsm;?
Importer & Exporter rsm;wufa&mufoifa
h omaqG;aEG;yGJ wpfcjk zpfygonf/
wufa&mufvdkaom Importer & Exporter rsm;taejzifh rdrdwdkYwuf
a&mufvo
kd nfh aeY&ufwu
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aemufqHk;xm; ukefonfpufrItoif;csKyf
toif;om;a&;&mXme
Ph:01-2314344~49 Ext:118,140 Fax;2314484(od)Yk Email:ma@umfcci.
com.mmodkY trnf? tzGJUtpnf;? ukrPDtrnf? Email? zkef;eHygwfwdkYtm;
ukefonfpufrItoif;csKyf
ay;ydkYEdkifyg&ef zdwfMum;tyfygonf/

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B.A,M.A(F1),H.G.P.,R.L

B.A(Paint;)(Q),LL.B,LL.M (Civil)

w&m;vTwfawmfa&SUae(pOf-5039) txufwef;a&SUae(pOf-29394)
trSwf(1526)? jrifawmfomvrf;? (1)xlygHk&yfuGuf? omauwNrdKUe,f?
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qufo,
G &f efzek ;f -09-30051000? 09-33377763?
09-33377720

Zlvkdif 31? 2016

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Zlvdkif 31? 2016

Zlvkdif 31? 2016

Zlvdkif 31? 2016

Visolux Myanmar Private Ltd.


(Business Opportunity/Local Business Partner)
We are Malaysian Coffee Machine and Beverages Distributor
Currently looking for individual capable person to be local business
partner to manage Business operation in Yangon.
1. Any bachelor degree holder and age below 35. Male of Female
2. Familiar in food services outlet and beverages distribution network
in Yangon area.
3. Driving License Holder and vehicale availability
Interested candidate, pleases contact to Ms.Crystal
Email : crystal@visolux.com.my
Tel : 09 979498211

Zlvkdif 31? 2016

Zlvkdif 31? 2016

Zlvkdif 31? 2016

1/ jyefMum;a&;0efBu;D Xme? yHEk ydS af &;ESihf xkwaf 0a&;OD;pD;XmetwGuf H;k oH;k pufu&d d
,mypn;f (7)rsK;d udk jynfwiG ;f oH;k jrefrmusyaf iG atmufygtwdik ;f 0,f,v
l ykd gonf/
pOf

ypnf;trsKd;trnf

ta&twGuf

4Hi x2Tower Web Offset Printing M/C

1No

Air Con 1.5 HP(Split Type)

6Nos

Diesel Generator (350KVA)3Phase

1No

Conference SystertwGuf qufpyfypnf;rsm;

1Lot

EDMS System Version.2 twGuf qufpyfypn;f rsm;

1Lot

Recorder

2Nos

Digital Camera

2Nos

2/ tdwfzGifhwif'grsm;udk 28-7-2016&ufrS 18-8-2016&uftxd aeYpOf 9;30


em&DrS 16;30em&DtwGif; jyefMum;a&;0efBuD;Xme? yHkESdyfa&;ESifhxkwfa0a&;OD;pD;
Xme? Hk;trSwf(7)? aejynfawmfwGif vma&mufxkwf,lEdkifygonf/
3/ aps;EIef;rygaom Specification & Catalogue rsm;udk 18-8-2016&ufrS
19-8- 2016&uf eHeuf 9;30 em&DrS 16;00em&DtwGif; jyefMum;a&;0efBuD;Xme?
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dS ykd gu zke;f 067-412374? 067-412375? 067-412390 wdkYudk Hk;csdeftwGif; qufoG,f
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wif'gyHkpHrsm;xkwf,l&efvdyfpm
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jyefMum;a&;0efBuD;Xme
zkef;-067-412374?
Hk;trSwf(7)? aejynfawmf
067-412375
zkef;-067-412390

Zlvdkif 31? 2016

Zlvkdif 31? 2016

bk&m;? &[ef;? ausmif; 'g,dumrBuD;


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B.E Mech, F.MES, FRINA (UK) ASEAN Engr

(pufrIpD;yGm;xl;cRefyxrqihf)
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B.E Mech, F.MES, FRINA (U.K) ASEAN
ASEAN Engr

(pufrIpD;yGm;xl;cRefyxrqifh)
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B.E Mech, F.MES, FRINA (U.K) ASEAN
ASEAN Engr

(pufrIpD;yGm;xl;cRefyxrqifh)
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