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# KINEMATICS

PREVIOUS EAMCET BITS
ENGINEERING PAPER

1.

A body is projected vertically upwards at time t = 0 and is seen at a height ‘H’ at time t1 and t2
seconds during its flight. The maximum height attained is [g = acceleration one to gravity]
[EAMCET 2009E ]

g ( t 2 − t1 )
g ( t1 + t 2 )
g ( t1 + t 2 )
g ( t 2 − t1 )
2)
3)
4)
1)
8
4
8
4
Ans: 2
Sol: When a body is projected vertically upwards it occupies the same position while going up and
coming down after time of t1 and t2
1
∴ H = ut − gt 2
2
2

2

gt 2 − 2ut + 2H = 0

g ( t1 + t 2 )
2u
⇒u=
g
2

u 2 g [ t1 + t 2 ]
=
=
2g
8

di

Sum of roots = t1 + t 2 =

A body thrown vertically up to reach its maximum height in ‘t’ seconds. The total time from the
time of projection to reach a point at half of its maximum height while returning (in seconds) is
[EAMCET 2008 E]

1 ⎞

2) ⎜1 +
⎟t
2⎠

21

3)

w

1)

.N

2.

et
Ba

2

∴ H max

2

.in

2

3t
2

4)

t
2

w

Ans: 2
Sol: Time taken to reach the maximum height = time of ascent = t
2

2

w

⎛ t ⎞
h ⎛t ⎞
h
∴ as h ∝ t ⇒ 1 = ⎜ 1 ⎟ ⇒
=⎜ ⎟
h2 ⎝ t2 ⎠
h / 2 ⎝ t2 ⎠
t
⇒ t2 =
2
2

∴ Time taken to reach half distance of its maximum height =

t
2

t
1 ⎞

= ⎜1 +
⎟t
2 ⎝
2⎠
A body is projected from the earth at angle 30° with the horizontal with some velocity. If its
range is 20m, the maximum height reached by it is [ in metres]
[EAMCET 2006 E]
5
10
2)
1) 5 3
3)
4) 10 3
3
3
Ans 2:
37

∴ Total time t +

3.

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6m g 10 6.Kinematics Sol: h max = R u 2 sin 2 θ tan θ = 2 2u sin θ cos θ 4 2g × g h max tan 30° 5 = ⇒ h max = m 20 4 3 4.9. The equations of motion of a projectile are given by x = 36t metre and 2y = 96t. The maximum height attained is [g = acceleration due to gravity] [EAMCET 2005 E] g ( t 2 − t1 ) g ( t1 + t 2 ) g ( t1 + t 2 ) g ( t 2 − t1 ) 2) 3) 4) 1) 8 4 8 4 Ans: 3 Sol: When a body is projected vertically upwards it occupies the same position while going up and coming down after time of t1 and t2 1 ∴ H = ut − gt 2 2 2 2 2 di .2 4) 38.com to remove the waterma .6 2) 10.4 Ans: 1 w w 5. u sin θ = 8 2 2 [ u cos θ][ u sin θ] 2 × 6 × 8 ∴ Range = = = 9. The angle of projection is [EAMCET 2003 E] ⎛4⎞ ⎛3⎞ ⎛4⎞ ⎛3⎞ 1) sin −1 ⎜ ⎟ 2) sin −1 ⎜ ⎟ 3) sin −1 ⎜ ⎟ 4) sin −1 ⎜ ⎟ ⎝5⎠ ⎝5⎠ ⎝3⎠ ⎝4⎠ Ans: 1 Sol: Comparing x = 36t with x = ( u cos θ ) t. u cos θ = 36 …. ..(1) 2y − 96t − 9.in 2 gt 2 − 2ut + 2H = 0 g ( t1 + t 2 ) 2u ⇒u= g 2 et Ba Sum of roots = t1 + t 2 = u 2 g [ t1 + t 2 ] = = 2g 8 2 The horizontal and vertical displacement x and y of a projectile at a give time ‘t’ are given by x = 6t metres and y = 8t – 5t2 metres. u cos θ = 6 1 y = 8t − 5t 2 with y = ( u sin θ ) t − gt 2 .6 3) 19.N ∴ H max w Sol: Comparing x = 6t with x = ( u cos θ ) t. The range of the projectile in metres is [EAMCET 2004 E] 1) 9. A body is projected vertically upwards at time t = 0 and is seen at a height ‘H’ at time t1 and t2 seconds during its flight.8t 2 ⇒ y = 48t − 4.8t2 metre.9t 2 38 PDF Watermark Remover DEMO : Purchase from www.PDFWatermarkRemover.

It touches the ground at a distance of 10 m from the foot of the tower.PDFWatermarkRemover. Initial velocity of the projectile in m/s is 1) 15 2) 30 3) 45 4) 6 0 Ans: 4 Sol: comparing the equation x = 36t with x = ( u cos θ ) t u cos θ = 36 …………(1) . 45° and 60° with the horizontal respectively. The equation for the trajectory is ‘h = Ax – Bx2’ where ‘h’ is height .. ‘x’ is horizontal distance. g 2u cos 2 θ 2 gx 2 2u 2 cos 2 θ w tan θ = A. The initial velocity of the body is : (g = 10 ms–2) [EAMCET 2000 E ] –1 –1 –1 2) 5 ms 3) 10 ms 4) 20 ms–1 1) 2.9t 2 with y = ( u sin θ ) t − gt 2 2 ∴ u sin θ = 48 ……. A body is thrown horizontally from the top of a tower of 5m height.Kinematics 1 Comparing the equation with y = ( u sin θ ) t − gt 2 2 u sin θ = 48 ………(2) 4 u sin θ 48 4 ⎛4⎞ = ⇒ tan θ = (or) sin θ = (or) θ = sin −1 ⎜ ⎟ ∴ 5 u cos θ 36 3 ⎝5⎠ 7. 1 y = 48t − 4.5 ms Ans: 3 39 PDF Watermark Remover DEMO : Purchase from www. B = . The ratio A : B is (g = 10 m/s2) 1) 1 : 5 2) 5 : 1 3) 1 : 40 4) 40 : 1 Ans: 4 w A = B Sol: As Range = 10.N Sol: h = Ax − Bx 2 compared with h = x tan θ − u 2 sin 2θ ⇒ R ∝ sin 2θ g ∴ As θ increases sin2θ also increases ∴ Shortest range is for P .9t2 [EAMCET 2002 E] respectively. The horizontal and vertical displacement of a projectile at time ‘t’ are x = 36t and y = 48t-4. R and S are projected with equal velocities having angles of projection 15°.in di et Ba 8. 30°. The body having shortest range is [EAMCET 2000 E] 1) P 2) Q 3) R 4) S Ans: 1 ∴ 9.(2) Squaring (1) and (2) and adding u = 60 ms–1 An object is projected with a velocity of 20 m/s making an angle of 45° with horizontal. w tan θ A 2u 2 sin θ cos θ 40 ⇒ = = g B g 1 2 2 2u cos θ Four bodies P. A and [EAMCET 2001 E] B are constants.com to remove the waterma . Q.

N 12.com to remove the waterma . the change in momentum in kg ms–1 during the time [EAMCET 2006 M] ( t2 − t1 ) is . 2) 40 3 w 1) 40 Ans :2 3) 50 3 4) 60 w G Sol: Initial velocity u = ( u cos θ ) ˆi + ( u sin θ ) ˆj G Final velocity v = ( u cos θ ) ˆi + ( u sin θ ) −ˆj w ( ) G G ∴ Change in velocity = v − u = 2u sin θ ( −ˆj) Magnitude of change in momentum = 2musinθ as θ = 30° with the vertical. A body is thrown vertically upwards with an initial velocity ‘u' reaches maximum height in 6 seconds. A body is projected vertically upwards with a velocity ‘u’. The ratio of distances travelled by the body in the first second and seventh second is [EAMCET 2000 E] 1) 1 : 1 2) 11 : 1 3) 1 : 2 4) 1 : 11 Ans: 2 Sol: As time of ascent = 6 s u ∴ t = ⇒ u = gt = 6g g ∴ h1 = distance travelled by the body in the first et Ba di . The value of u in ms–1 is : ( g = 10 ms–2) [EAMCET 2006 M] 1) 50 2) 40 3) 30 4) 20 Ans: 2 Sol: As the body is projected upwards we can write the equation as Δp = 2 × 2 × 20 × 40 PDF Watermark Remover DEMO : Purchase from www.in 1 1 11g 2 Second ut − gt 2 = 6g (1) − g (1) = 2 2 2 h2 = distance travelled in the seventh second is same as distance travelled in 1st second in downward motion = g/2 h ∴ 1 = 11:1 h2 MEDICAL A body of mass 2 kg is projected from the ground with a velocity 20 ms −1 at an angle 30°C with the vertical. It crosses a point in its journey at a height ‘h’ twice. ∴with the horizontal θ = 60° 3 = 40 3 2 13. just after 1 and 7 seconds.Kinematics ⎛ 2u 2 ⎞ –2 Sol: x = ⎜ ⎟ y given x = 10 m. If t1 is the time in seconds at which the body is projected and t2 is the time in seconds at which it reaches the ground. y = 5 m.PDFWatermarkRemover. g = 10 ms ⎝ g ⎠ 2 ∴ u = 10ms −1 11.

the path of one ball as seen from the position of other ball is [EAMCET 2006 M] g 2 Ans: 1 2) 3 1) 5 u 2 sin 2 θ tan θ = 2 2u sin θ cos θ 4 2g × g 1 g 3 2 4) 1 g 5 2 . Hence the relative velocity between them is zero. Two stones are projected with the same speed but making different angles with the Horizontal. Velocity of project in ms–1 is (g – acceleration due to gravity) [EAMCET 2004 M] w w 4 tan θ 4 4 = ⇒ tan θ = (or) sin θ = 12 4 3 5 2 ⎡4⎤ u ⎢ ⎥ g 5 =4= ⎣ ⎦ ⇒u=5 2g 2 2 ∴ h max 16.in 1) Parabola 2) Horizontal straight line 3) Vertical straight line 4) Straight line making 45° with the vertical Ans:3 Sol: It is given that v1 cos θ1 = v 2 cos θ2 . The horizontal range is 12 metres.Kinematics 1 h = ut − gt 2 2 ⇒ gt 2 − 2ut + 2h = 0 ∴ t1 + t 2 are the roots of the equation ⎛ 2u ⎞ g ∴ t 1 + t 2 = ⎜ ⎟ ⇒ u = ( t1 + t 2 ) 2 ⎝ g ⎠ ∴ u = 40ms −1 14. The path of one ball as seen from the position of the other ball is vertical straight line.N h max = R 3) w Sol: g 2 et Ba di . 15. The maximum height reached by a projectile is 4 metres. Their horizontal ranges are equal. If V1 cos θ1 = V2 cos θ2 . the angles of projection are θ and 90 – θ One angle is 60° ∴ the other angle is 30° 41 PDF Watermark Remover DEMO : Purchase from www. The angle of projection of one is π/3 and the maximum height reached by it is 102 metres.com to remove the waterma . Two balls are projected simultaneously in the same vertical plane from the same point with velocities V1 and V2 with angles θ1 and θ2 respectively with the horizontal. Then the maximum height reached by the other in metre is [EAMCET 2003 M] 1) 336 2) 224 3) 56 4) 34 Ans: 4 Sol: As ranges are equal.PDFWatermarkRemover.

di h max = 80 = w Ans: 2 Sol: For same range two angles of projection are θ and 90 .N 18. If the maximum height reached by it is 80 m then the angle of projection is : (g = 10 ms–2) [EAMCET 2002 M ] ⎛3⎞ ⎛4⎞ ⎛4⎞ 2) tan −1 ⎜ ⎟ 3) tan −1 ⎜ ⎟ 4) sin −1 ⎜ ⎟ 1) tan −1 3 ⎝2⎠ ⎝9⎠ ⎝9⎠ Ans: 3 Sol: v = u + at = 0 + 3 × 30 = 90ms −1 u 2 sin 2 θ ⇒ u sin θ = 40 …………. a = 0. 2 ⎡ 2u 2 sin θ cos θ ⎤ 2R ⎥= g g ⎢⎣ g ⎦ The initial velocity of a particle. Its velocity after 10 seconds is [EAMCET 2001 M] 1) 3 units 2) 4 units 3) 5 units Ans: 4 G G G Sol: From v = u + at = 4iˆ + 3jˆ + 0. A projectile has initially the same horizontal velocity as it would acquire if it had moved from rest with uniform acceleration of 3 ms–2 for 0.5 minutes. t2 = ∴t1 = = g g g ∴ t1t 2 = 19.PDFWatermarkRemover.4iˆ + 0.4 i + 0. u = 4 i + 3 j .3jˆ × 10 ( G ∴ v = 10 units ) ( 4) 10 units ) = 8iˆ + 6ˆj 42 PDF Watermark Remover DEMO : Purchase from www.3 j .θ 2u sin ( 90 − θ ) 2u cos θ 2u sin θ .(2) 2 ×10 dividing (2) and (1) u sin θ 4 = tan θ = u cos θ 9 ⎛4⎞ θ = tan −1 ⎜ ⎟ ⎝9⎠ .in u cos θ = 90ms −1 ………(1) et Ba It is possible to project particle with a given speed in two possible ways so that it has the same horizontal range ‘R’. It is moving with uniform acceleration.Kinematics h1 = h2 u 2 sin 2 60° sin 2 60 = u 2 sin 2 30° sin 2 30 2g × 2g 102 3 4 = × ⇒ h 2 = 34m h2 4 1 17.com to remove the waterma . The product of the times taken by it in the two possible ways is (g = acceleration due to gravity) [EAMCET 2001 M] R 2R 3R 4R 2) 3) 4) 1) g g g g w w .

For a projectile the ratio of maximum height reached to the square of time of flight is [g = 10 ms–2] [EAMCET 2000 M] 1) 5 : 4 2) 5 : 2 3) 5 : 1 4) 10 : 1 Ans: 1 Sol: h max u 2 sin 2 θ g2 g 10 5 = × = = = 2 2 2 T 2g 4u sin θ 8 8 4 43 PDF Watermark Remover DEMO : Purchase from www.in 21. ⎛π ⎞ When it is projected with velocity u at an angle ⎜ − θ ⎟ with the horizontal reaches maximum ⎝2 ⎠ height H2. u2 h = = 2h [from (1)] 2g sin θ sin 30° 2) R = 4 ( H1 − H 2 ) Ans: 1 3) R = 4 ( H1 + H 2 ) 4) H12 H 22 2u 2 sin θ cos θ g w but R = .N u 2 sin 2 ( 90 − θ ) u 2 cos 2 θ u 2 sin 2 θ .PDFWatermarkRemover. A body of mass m1 projected vertically upwards with an initial velocity u reaches a maximum height h.h1 ∴ h1 = A stone projected with a velocity u at an angle θ with the horizontal reaches maximum height H1.(1) 2g From the equation v 2 − u 2 = 2as ( 0) 2 − u 2 = −2 ( g sin θ ) . The relation between horizontal range. Another body of mass m2 is projected along an inclined plane making an angle 30° with the horizontal and with speed u. H2 = = Sol: H1 = 2g 2g 2g w ∴ on solving R = 4 H1H 2 w 22.com to remove the waterma .Kinematics 20. R of the projectile H1 and H2 is [EAMCET 2000 M] 1) R = 4 H1H 2 et Ba di . The maximum distance travelled along the incline is [EAMCET 2001 M] 1) 2h 2) h 3) h/2 4) h/4 Ans: 1 Sol: h = u2 ………….

t ⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎝ 2 ⎠ = 3.34 ) × t ⇒ t = v − u 0.03 ms 4) 0.06m is 0.02 ms −2 t 9 w w w .PDFWatermarkRemover.com to remove the waterma . If the change in velocity of the body is 0.06 = ⎜ ⎟ .06 = ( 0.01 m/s Ans: 2 ⎛u+v⎞ ⎛u+v⎞ Sol: s = ⎜ ⎟ t ⇒ 3.02 ms 3) 0.in but a = 306 = 93 34 44 PDF Watermark Remover DEMO : Purchase from www.34 ms–1.04 ms–2 1) 0.Kinematics 23. The average velocity of a body moving with uniform acceleration after traveling a distance of 3.18 = = 0.18 ms–1 during this time its uniform [EAMCET 2000 M] acceleration is 2 –2 –2 2) 0.N et Ba di UUU .