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TianzhengYe

Sociology001
7/30/2016
UnderstandingRace:WittCh.13

1.Whatisracialprofiling?Provideexamplesofhowlawenforcement,governmentofficialsand/or
ordinarycitizensuseracialprofilingintheaftermathof9/11.(reviewArizonacase).Howmightthe
contacthypothesis
remedyprofiling?

Racialprofilingreferstoasocialphenomenathatpeoplejudgeifapersonacriminalbylookingat
theirrace.Eventhoughapersondoesnotdoanythingwrong,heorshecouldstillbeconsideredto
beguiltyjustbecauseheorsheisincertainrace.The9/11Eventwouldbeoneoftheexamplefor
racialprofilin.Afterthisevent,theArabcommunityissuspectedtobecriminalandthesocietytreat
themdifferently.Thecontacthypothesiswouldbeagoodwaytohelppeoplehavethiskindof
discrimination.Bycommunicatingandsharing,peoplegettoknowmoreaboutothersandmayfind
outracialprofilingisnotright.

2.Discussvariousethnocentricpracticeshistoricallyusedbythoseinpowerthathavecontributedto
prejudicialattitudestowardsracialandminoritygroups.

TherearemanyexamplesofethnocentricpracticesinthehistoryoftheUnitedStates.Wehavethe
historyofslavery,thewhiteoldrichmenhadthemostpowerduringthetimeandtheycanbuyor
sellslavestoworkforthem.AfricanAmericansweretreatedunequallyandsomeofthewhitepeople
eventhinktheyowntheblackandtheycantreattheslaveswhatevertheywant.Also,duringWWII,
theJapaneseweretreatedbadlyandpeoplehadprejudicialattitudesonthem.

3.Whatisthesocialconstructionofrace?Provideasymbolicinteractionistperspective.Howcanthis
concept(socialconstructionofrace)beappliedtoAmericansfrommultipleracialbackgrounds?

Thesocialconstructionofracereferstothefactthatracedoesnothavebasisintheworldbutthe
societygivesdifferentlookstopeoplebasedontheirrace.Thesocialconstructionofracestillexists
intherealitythesedays.Wehavetheinclinationthatwhitesaresuperiorandcangetjobseasier.In
theUnitedStates,peoplecomefromallovertheworldandhavedifferentraces.Thesocial
constructionwouldgivesinequalitybutthefactisthatthissocialphenomenaexists.

4.Definetheterm
modelminority
.Discusswhichminoritygroupisperceivedaslivinguptothat
image.Discussadvantagesanddisadvantagesofbeingamodelminority.

Modelminorityreferstotheminoritygroup(includereligious,ethnicityandrace)thatachievehigher
accomplishmentordegreethantheaveragepopulation.Oneexampleofthemodelminoritywould
betheAsianAmerican.PeopleevenhavethestereotypethatAsiansaremoregoodatmath.Many
Asiangaintheirdegreeincollegeandmakecontributiontothecountry.Theadvantagesofbeinga
modelminoritywouldbehavetheopportunitytofindjobsandhaveabetterlife,also,giveagood
exampleforotherminoritygroupthatworkinghardcanachievegoals.Thedisadvantageswouldbe

lettingpeopleinthemajoritygroupgetjealousabouttheopportunityandmaybediscriminatedby
themajority.