You are on page 1of 7

Control of ‘Network Mode of Operation I’ behaviour

Description
NMO-I (Network Mode of Operation I) enables a device to perform combined attach towards the
packet switched domain. Otherwise, the device will perform individual attaches to the circuit
switched and packet switched domains.
The use of combined attach reduces the signalling load on the serving network. However, this
might not be beneficial for the operator to apply for all categories of devices.

[3gpp] Network operation mode
http://bruceKIM.egloos.com/3379009

[ref: 3gpp TS 23.060]
[ref: 3gpp TS 24.008]
NMO1
- Use combined GPRS attach and periodic RAU procedures instead of IMSI attach, normal and
periodic LAU procedure
- RAU and LU are performed at the same time
NMO2
- CS paging and PS paging sent using the same channel(CCCH)
- GPRS attach/RAU and LU are performed independently
NMO3
- CS and PS paging are sent independently on their own physical channels (CCCH-PCH and PCCHPPCH)

-6.3.3.1 Paging Co-ordination in A/Gb mode
The network may provide co-ordination of paging for circuit-switched and packet-switched services. Paging
co-ordination means that the network sends paging messages for circuit-switched services on the same
channel as used for packet-switched services, i.e. on the GPRS paging channel oron the GPRS traffic
channel, and the MS needs only to monitor that channel. Three network operation modes are defined:
- Network operation mode I: the network sends a CS paging message for a GPRS-attached MS, either on
the same channel as the GPRS paging channel (i.e. the packet paging channel or the CCCH paging
channel), or on a GPRS traffic channel. This means that the MS needs only to monitor one paging channel,

unless BSS paging co-ordination as described in 8.Network operation mode III: the network sends a CS paging message for a GPRS-attached MS on the CCCH paging channel. CS paging continues on this paging channel even if the MS has been assigned a packet data channel.g. This means that the MS needs only to monitor the CCCH paging channel. . See. The core network performs no paging co-ordination.6 is active. cn-DRX-CycleLengthCoeff 7 }.Network operation mode II: the network sends a CS paging message for a GPRS-attached MS on the CCCH paging channel.039 [00] 0x412F WCDMA Signaling Messages -.Complete SIB (254) Channel Type = Complete SIB (254). but that e. and sends a GPRS paging message on either the packet paging channel (if allocated in the cell) or on the CCCH paging channel.and that it receives CS paging messages on the packet data channel when it has been assigned a packet data channel.6 for description of paging co-ordination on BSS level. cn-Type gsm-MAP : '0501'H. . however. Radio Bearer ID = 40. cn-DRX-CycleLengthCoeff 7 } }. ------2012 Oct 5 04:44:48.1. Message Length = 23 Interpreted PDU: value SysInfoType1 ::= { cn-CommonGSM-MAP-NAS-SysInfo '0003'H. and this channel is also used for GPRS paging. if the packet-paging channel is allocated. cn-Type gsm-MAP : '0A01'H.1. cn-DomainSysInfoList { { cn-DomainIdentity cs-domain. { cn-DomainIdentity ps-domain. This means that anMS that wants to receive pages for both circuit-switched and packet-switched services shall monitor both paging channels in the cell. . also 8.

102 [112] Bit 2 0 Network Mode of Operation indicated in Bit 1 (NMO.1. The coding of the information element identifier and lengthinformation is defined in the 3GPP TS 25.1.3/3GPP TS 24. The length of this elementcontent is two octets. NMO. The MS shall ignore any additional octets received.3 PS domain specific system information The purpose of the CN domain specific GSM-MAP NAS system information element. 8 RAC Spare 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 octet 1 NMO I NMO octet 2 Figure 10. .5.1.008: PS domain specific system informationelement RAC.5.368 [135] or 3GPP TS 31.--- 10.12.5. For PS domain.5.331 [23c].1. is to provide the MS with actual parameter settings ofparameters relevant only for GMM functionality.12.008. Routing Area Code (8 bit field) This field is the binary representation of the Routing Area Code. the content of the CN domain specific GSM-MAP NAS systeminformation element is coded as shown in figure 10.12.3/3GPP TS 24.008 and table 10. Only the coding of thecontent is in the scope of the present document. Bit 8 in octet 1 is the most significant bit and bit 1 in octet 1 is the least significant bit. see 3GPP TS 24.008 PS domain specific system informationelement Table 10. see 3GPP TS 23.3/3GPP TS 24.1. whenused for the PS domain.3/3GPP TS24. Network Mode of Operation (1 bit field) This field is the binary representation of the Network Mode of Operation.12.003 [10]. Network Mode of Operation I (1 bit field) This field is the binary representation of whether the Network Mode of Operation I is applicable for the MS configured for NMO_I_Behaviour.5.12.060 [74] Bit 1 0 Network Mode of Operation I 1 Network Mode of Operation II NMO I. Network Mode of Operation) is used for MS configured for NMO_I_Behaviour 1 Network Mode of Operation I is used for MS configured for NMO_I_Behaviour The bits 3 – 8 of octet 2 are spare and shall be coded all zeros. see 3GPP TS 23.

k. The Network Modes have different values and interpretation in UTRAN and GERAN In both the cases the Operation modes is decided based on the Gs interface between the CS CN (core network) a.Network Mode of Operation (NMO) Picture Source: Tektronix The Network Mode of Operation (NMO) is also sometimes referred to as Network Operation Mode (NOM).k.a. MSC and the PS CN a.a. SGSN In UTRAN: .

The GERAN part above is extract from the book Convergence Technologies for 3G Networks. In GERAN: Network operation mode 1. In Network Operation Mode II (NMO-II) the GS Interface is not present. The Gs interface is not present. CS paging will be transferred over the CCCH paging channel. Basic air interface signalling in case of NMO2 is shown here. Upon completion of this procedure. A network which has the Gs interface implemented is referred to as being in network operation mode 1. If the mobile device has been assigned a data traffic channel then CS paging will take place over this data channel rather than the paging channel (CS or PS). This causes additional signalling. Network operation mode 3. MM Status is IMSI Attached and GMM State is Attached. So the GMM attach procedure and the IMSI Attach (via Location Update) has to be performed seperately. CS and PS paging is coordinated in this mode of operation on either the GPRS or the GSM paging channel. In this case during the registration a Combined Attach (includes GPRS Attach & IMSI Attach procedures) procedure can be performed. Network operation mode 2. In this case. A GMM Attach Request message with the attach type set to Combined Attach is used.Network Operation Mode I (NMO-I) is used when the Gs interface is present. CS paging will continue to take place over the CCCH paging channel and thus monitoring of this channel is still required. Even if the mobile device has been assigned a packet data channel. if it exists in the cell. In this case the mobile device needs to monitor both the paging channels. PS paging will be transferred over the packet CCCH (PCCCH) paging channel. The Gs interface is not present and there is no GPRS paging channel present. paging for CS and PS devices will be transferred over the standard GSM common control channel (CCCH) paging channel. From Martin Sauter's Blog: .

the circuit switched part of the network . In NMO-1. Whithout NOM-1 an Inter RAT (Radio Access Technology) cell reselection with Location and Routing Area update requires around 10 to 12 seconds. The packet switched network (the SGSN) then forwards the location update to the circuit switched part of the network (to the MSC) which spares the mobile from doing it itself. mobiles can't detect incoming voice calls and SMS messages as they are focused on receiving packets and thus can not observe the paging channel.. "During an ongoing GPRS / EDGE data transfer (TBF established). With NOM-1 the time is reduced to around 5 to 6 seconds. This is especially important for ongoing data transfers as these are interrupted for a shorter period of time. mobiles can't detect incoming voice calls and SMS messages as they are focused on receiving packets and thus can not observe the paging channel. interrupt the session and accept the voice call or SMS. the circuit switched part of the network forwards the paging message to the packet switched side of the network which then forwards the paging message between the user data blocks while a data transfer is ongoing.an additional benefit that should not be underestimated. Cell reselections from UMTS to GPRS can be executed much faster due to the same effect as described in the previous bullet. ongoing data transfers are interrupted for a shorter time. Location/Routing area updates when moving to a cell in a different location/routing area are performed much faster as the mobile only communicates with the packet switched part of the network. An important difference as this reduces the chance to miss an incoming call during the change of the radio network. has a number of subtle but important advantages: During an ongoing GPRS / EDGE data transfer (TBF established). UMTS Reaction s: 2 comments: Anonymous said. Mobiles can thus receive the paging message despite the ongoing data transfer. In NMO-1. GSM. Network Architecture..The Gs interface. Signalling. Posted by Zahid Ghadialy at 09:15 Email ThisBlogThis!Share to TwitterShare to FacebookShare to Pinterest Labels: GPRS. Also.

for smartphones such as the iPhone. by Vodafone UK and actually the main (but not the only one) reason to upgrade the network to DTM was not simultaneous call and data (which is nice.forwards the paging message to the packet switched side of the network which then forwards the paging message between the user data blocks while a data transfer is ongoing. This is the case if DTM (Dual Transfer Mode) is supported in the network.g. 19 July 2011 at 10:53 Anonymous said.. too) but instead to enable CS calls to come through during GPRS/EDGE data transfer." This is not entirely true. This was due to increasing amount and frequency of data usage e. interrupt the session and accept the voice call or SMS. devices in packet transfer mode can be provided with the CS paging on the PS data channel. As far as I know. Look for bssPagingCoordination at system information type 13 . Also in NMO2. Mobiles can thus receive the paging message despite the ongoing data transfer.g. DTM is supported e..