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Grids, Clouds and NGN

S. M. Sabale

Head, Computer Engg.
Institute of Petrochemical Engg. (DBATU)


IT Evolution – Distributed Computing High Performance Computing Cluster Computing Internet Computing Virtual Organizations Grid Computing Utility Computing Cloud Computing Next Generation Networks .

Grid Computing Model  Grid : Run a program X.  Problem 2 (Systems problem): How to coordinate the use of resources at sites Y and Z under the various restrictions on their usage as defined by policies P and Q.  Problem 1: X has to be able to work in heterogeneous and geographically dispersed environment. using resources at site Y. . according to policy Q. providing access to data at Z. using VO communication policy P.

and existing trust relationship . assuming the absence of central location/control.Grid… Grid Computing enables VOs to share geographically distributed resources as they purchase common goals. omniscience.

Grid… To achieve these Goals. Grid Environment must be: • • • • • • • Large Scale Dynamic Scalable Inter-operable Extensible Secure Heterogeneous .

Grid… • • • • • • Enabling Usable Manageable Federated Geographically distributed Reliable .

Cloud Grid and Cloud: Concepts are Independent and complimentary Cloud characteristics: • • • • • Flexibility Abstracted resources featuring scalability Pay as you use model Reliability Performance .

Comparison between Grid and Cloud .

NGN • Latest evolution of global telecommunications networks (ETSI and ITU-T). the Next generation Networks (NGNs). and hence increased revenue opportunities for the n/w providers. • Further. is designed to support converged fixed and wireless networks carrying both voice and data traffic. . it incorporates a richer set of features to provide more services to customers.

Why Telco’s are interested in IT?  Attributes provided: • • • • • • • • • Enterprise sales capability Lifecycle service and support Reliable operations at scale SLAs Full enterprise solutions portfolio Integrated hosting and network services Vendor independence Global Footprint Financial stability and market commitment .

timeto-revenue • Rapidly manage configuration. change management and services assurance with automation.Convergence of NGN. . Grid and Cloud  Telco operators are more and more driving SOA implementations in order to: • Decouple applications via middleware from IT server/storage/network resources • Flexibly compose new services using standards-based technologies and protocols • Reuse architectural components to lower costs.

ETSI Conceptual Model Of a Grid And Associative Roles Customer .Client Interface Consumer Security Application Management Computing Virtualized Resource Services Data Operational Management S/W Applications Storage Networks Information Management Supplier Management Offer Manageme nt Execution Management Resource Management Business Management Provider Fig.

Scenarios for integration of Grid with NGN Grid-enabled NGN application NGN subsystems offering Grid and Cloud services Combining Grid and Networking resources in a new architecture Grid and Cloud technology for implementing NGN functionality .

Grid-enabled NGN Application Other Networks Core IMS .Applications Service Layer Grid AS/Grid-enabled Applications ISC/MA Other Subsystem User Profiles User Equipment PSTN / ISDN Emulation Subsystem Transport Layer Network Attachment Subsystem Resource And Admission Control Subsystem Transport Processing Function Fig.

Option A Applications Grid AS/Grid-enabled Applications Service Layer Grid Services PSTN / ISDN Emulation Subsystem User Equipment Option B Core IMS Transport Layer Network Attachment Subsystem Resource And Admission Control Subsystem Transport Processing Function Fig. NGN Subsystems Offering Grid And Cloud Services Option C Other Networks User Profiles .

Grid Enabled Applications Service Layer ……. User Profiles User Equipment PSTN / ISDN Emulation Subsystem Transport Layer Network Attachment Subsystem Other Networks Core IMS Resource And Admission Control Subsystem Grid Enabled Transport Processing Function Fig. Grid And Cloud Technology For Implementing NGN Functionality Grid Services Grid-Enabled Application Management Equipment .

Transport management. NGN – functional architecture . Scheduling. Policy Using Grid/Cloud services to support NGN • Grid/Cloud – SOA. Advance reservation. Authentication and authorization. Brokering. Metering and accounting.Implications of combining Using NGN to deliver Grid/Cloud Services • Grid Services requirements are (OGSA): Discovery. Monitoring. Data sharing and management.

Standards for Grid and NGN  OGF: SOA based Web services Resource Framework (WSRF)  Distributed Management Task Force: Common Information Model and enterprise system modeling.509. Task Force: X.  W3C: Original XML/web based RPC. PKI. monitoring and control  European Telecommunications Standards Institute: Thr’ TISPAN (Telecommunications & Internet converged Services & Protocols for Advanced Networking) NGN architecture and IMS (IP Multimedia Subsystem)  Internet Engg. SOAP etc  Storage Network Industry Association . TLS/SSL  Organization for Advancement of Structured Information (OASIS): XML and Web services.

specific • Standardization: OGF group – GIN (Grid Interoperability Now) .Interoperability • Gateway/adapter approach: short term solution.

Standardization Gaps Gaps and overlaps are likely to be encountered in several different situations: • Applications composing of services making use of various networks (NGN?) • Relationship between grid and underlying n/w • Diversity allowed in individual standards • Use of dynamic working • Transition to new version of specs • Lack of implementations .

Classification of Gaps  Architecture  Security  SLA and QoS  Charging  Service Discovery  High-level issues contributing to gaps.come from human processes. composition of services or architectural layers and the life-cycle of composite systems .

Applications .

and social sciences (including business and law) with the purpose of creating new technology and market for providing high value service. technological.Grid-Cloud: IT Platform for Service Science • Service Science is proposed as an integrative discipline of engineering. .

flexible composite service QoS guaranteed Cloud (industry service centre) Virtual application environment Service with simple business logic Service composition (High level virtualization) Resource provision Grid (service component) Large-scale sharing of resource Resource provision Low-level virtualization Physical resource Data resource Computing resource Software resource Network resource … : Main technology road Fig. easy to use. classification Business and System level separation Effective. Technical architecture of Grid-Cloud for Service Science .Modern service industries Business processes analysis Business processes Business processes decomposition: service feature extraction.

Peng. Thomas Rings. Jens Grabowski. Aug 2009 Tatiana . “Comparing Grid and Cloud Computing”. conference on Future Computer and Communications 2010. Stephan Schulz and Ian Stokes-Rees. Julian Gallop. “Grid and Cloud Computing Integration with NGN”.Grid. Volume 3-144. ETSI Grid Technical committee report. Second Intl. Stephan Schulz and Ian Stokes-Rees. 13th WSEAS International Conference on Communications Geoff Caryer. www. The Israeli Association of Grid Technologies (IGT). “Grid-Cloud: IT Platform for Service Science”.org Thomas Rings. Lin and H. Julian 2009. Tatiana Kovacikova. IEEE 2009 P. Geoff Caryer. “Grid and Cloud Computing Interoperability. Springer science + Business Media. Jens Grabowski. Tatiana Kovacikova.Bibliography • • • • • • “Grid and Cloud Computing Technology: Interoperability and Standardization for the Telecommunications Industry”. www. Standardization and the Next Generation Network (NGN)”. “Grid and Cloud Computing: Opportunities for integration with the Next Generation Network”. P. Huang.