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64 Work, Energy, Power and Collision

1.

2.

3.

How much work does a pulling force of 40 N do on
the 20 kg box in pulling it 8 m across the floor at a
constant speed. The pulling force is directed at 60°
above the horizontal
(a) 160 J
(b) 277 J
(c) 784 J
(d) None of the above
A horizontal force of 5 N is required to maintain a
velocity of 2 m/s for a block of 10 kg mass sliding
over a rough surface. The work done by this force
in one minute is
(a) 600 J
(b) 60 J
(c) 6 J
(d) 6000 J
Work done in time t on a body of mass m which is
accelerated from rest to a speed v in time t1 as a
function of time t is given by
(a)

(c)

1 v 2
m t
2 t1
1  mv 


2  t1 

(b) m

8.

The slope of kinetic energy displacement curve of
a particle in motion is
(a) Equal to the acceleration of the particle
(b) Inversely proportional to the acceleration
(c) Directly proportional to the acceleration
(d) None of the above

9.

The energy required to accelerate a car from 10
m/s to 20 m/s is how many times the energy
required to accelerate the car from rest to 10 m/s

10.

v 2
t
t1

t2

(d)

1 v 2
m t
2 t12

What is the shape of the graph between the speed
and kinetic energy of a body
(a) Straight line
(b) Hyperbola
(c) Parabola
(d) Exponential
5.
When a body moves with some friction on a
surface
(a) It loses kinetic energy but momentum is
constant
(b) It loses kinetic energy but gains potential
energy
(c) Kinetic energy and momentum both decrease
(d) Mechanical energy is conserved
6.
A bullet of mass m moving with velocity v strikes a
suspended wooden block of mass M. If the block
rises to a height h, the initial velocity of the block
will be

(c)
7.

2gh

m
2gh
M m

(c) 2 times

(d) 3 times

A body of mass 2 kg slides down a curved track
which is quadrant of a circle of radius 1 metre. All
the surfaces are frictionless. If the body starts
from rest, its speed at the bottom of the track is

(b) 2 m/sec
1
m

(c) 0.5 m/sec
(d) 19.6 m/sec

4.

(a)

(b) 4 times

(a) 4.43 m/sec

2

2

(a) Equal

11.

12.

13.

The kinetic energy of a body decreases by 36%.
1m
The decrease in its momentum is
(a) 36%

(b) 20%

(c) 8%

(d) 6%

A bomb of mass 3m kg explodes into two pieces of
mass m kg and 2m kg. If the velocity of m kg mass
is 16 m/s, the total kinetic energy released in the
explosion is
(a) 192 mJ

(b) 96 mJ

(c) 384 mJ

(d) 768 mJ

Which one of the following statement does not
hold good when two balls of masses m1 and m2
undergo elastic collision

(b)

M m
2gh
m

(a) When m1  m2 and m2 at rest, there will be
maximum transfer of momentum

(d)

M m
2gh
M

(b) When

There will be decrease in potential energy of the
system, if work is done upon the system by
(a) Any conservative or non-conservative force
(b) A non-conservative force
(c) A conservative force
(d) None of the above

m1  m2

and

m2

at rest, after

collision the ball of mass m2 moves with four
times the velocity of m1
(c) When m1  m2 and m2 at rest, there will be
maximum transfer of K.E.
(d) When collision is oblique and m2 at rest with

m1  m2 , after collision the balls move in
opposite directions

The loss of kinetic energy in this process is (a) One ball from the right rolls out with a speed 2v and the remaining balls will remain at rest (a) 1 mv2 2 (b) 1 1 mv2  2 M m (b) Two balls from the right roll out with speed v each and the remaining balls will remain stationary (c) 1 M mv2  2 m (d) 1 M   mv2  2 M  m  . m1 is m2 (a) 0. A bullet of mass m moving in the horizontal direction strikes and gets embedded in it.0 18. The combined system covers a distance x on the surface.65 Work.33 (c) 3.0 (d) 4. The two balls stick together after collision. Power and Collision 14. the speed of the bullet at the time of striking the block is (where m is mass of the bullet) (a) 2Mg m (b) 2mg Mx (c)  M  m 2gx  m   (d) 2mx M m A ball moving with speed v hits another identical ball at rest. E collides perfectly elastically head on with the nucleus of an atom of mass number A at rest. A bullet of mass m is fired at it with velocity v and gets embedded into it. If the coefficient of friction between wood and the surface is  . A neutron travelling with a velocity v and K.75 (b) 1. Two similar balls each moving with a velocity v collide elastically with the row of 6 balls from left. (d)  A body of mass m1 moving with uniform velocity of 40 m/s collides with another mass m2 at rest and then the two together begin to move with uniform velocity of 30 m/s. The ratio of their masses 16. the temperature rise resulting from the collision is [Roorkee 1999] (a) v2 8S (b) v2 4S (c) v2 2S (d) v2 S A bag of sand of mass M is suspended by a string. If specific heat of the material of the balls is S. (d) The colliding balls will come to rest and no ball rolls out from right A wooden block of mass M rests on a horizontal surface. Energy. Six identical balls are lined in a straight groove made on a horizontal frictionless surface as shown.  A  1   A  1 2 (c) All the six balls in the row will roll out with speed v/6 each and the two colliding balls will come to rest 17. The fraction of total energy retained by neutron is  A  1   A  1 2  A  1  A   2 (a)   A  1  A   2 (b)  (c)  15.E. What will happen  v 19.

)I 150m  3 (K .)II 50m v Due to this K.E. (a)  W  F . it decreases momentum and kinetic energy both.e. Power and Collision 66 (SET -6) 1. becomes 64% of the original value. (c) second  1 (m M )V 2 2 7.  K. Its potential energy = (m M )gh.r. condition (K . (b) P   2  9.E. By the law of conservation of energy (c) E  = In given problem K.6  4. 2 v  t1  (c) Kinetic energy k   1 1 m v22  v12  m 202  102 = 150mJ 2 2 12. mAvA  mBvB 1 mv2. (a) W  F  s  F  v t 3.  1 mv2  k  v2 2 10. we get 2  m 16  2m vB  vB  8 m/s Kinetic energy of system = 1 1 mAv2A  mBvB2 2 2 .E. Differentiating w.   1 m102  02  50mJ 2 t2 It means the graph between the speed and kinetic energy will parabola 5. decrease in momentum is 20%.Work.43 m/s E E2 64E   0. 2gh  11. of block when bullet strikes to it 1 (m  M ) V 2  (m  M )gh  V 2 for  (c) Friction is a non-conservative external force to the system.E.E. (d) Kinetic energy for first condition  1 2  froms  ut  2 at    W=  1 1  v  ma2t2  m 2  t1  2  As a   4. = 6.8  P2  0. mgh (a) Initial K. i. Energy. 8.8 P E1 100E  P2  80% of the original value.  (a) By conservation of energy. (a) vA 2gh By the m 2m A B conservation vB of momentum. x.8  1  2 mE P2  P1  1 mv2 2  P 19. block will rise to a height h.E.s  40 8  cos60  160J 2.t. (d) Work  5  2  60  600J = F  s  ma done 1 2 at 2 dE 1 dv dv dt a  m 2v  mv   mv  ma dx 2 dx dt dx v 9.

will increase the temperature . 2 2 2gx   v Neutron retained  m M   m   m2 = A m1 = 1  k     k  = This kinetic energy goes against friction work done by friction = R  x   (m  M )g  x incorrect. 1 1 mv   (M  m) V 2  (m  M )   2 2  M  m the mv 2mV  V momentum of the system = conservation of momentum. Power and Collision  13.  1 1 1 mv2  mv2  mv2 2 4 4 This loss in K. (b) Momentum and kinetic energy is conserved only in this case.67 Work.E.E. acquired by the system K. Energy. So option (b) is 14.d) When  at rest. v 2 (m1  m2)  30 *** By the law of conservation of momentum m1  40  m2  0  (m1  m2 )  30  40m1  30m1  30m2  10m1  30m2 = m1 3 m2 16. after collision the ball moves in 1 m2v2   (m  M )g  x  2 (m  M ) perpendicular direction. of the system after the collision = 1  2m  v  2  2 2  loss in K. (a) 2 1 m2v2 2 (m  M ) double the velocity of u1 . (c) v m M V x Let speed of the bullet = v Speed of the system after the collision = V By conservation of momentum mv  (m  M )V  V mv M m So the initial K. 1 1  m (16)2   (2m)  8 2  192m J 2 2 m1  m2 and m2 (b. after collision the ball of mass m2 moves with By the law of conservation of energy When collision is oblique and m2 at rest with m1  m2 . 17.E. v2  2gx  15. (c) m1 Nucleus at rest  m1  m2     m1  m2  2    1 A    1 A  (a) At rest v m  m Before collision 30m/ m1+m2 s m2 At rest 2m V After collision momentum of the system Final momentum = 2mV By = m1  40  m2  0 Final  M  m  m   Initial momentum = mv 40m/s Initial 18.E. So option (d) is also incorrect.

Energy.Work. 1 v2 mv2  t  4 8s (d) m v V M m+M At rest Initial kinetic energy of bullet = 1 mv2 2 After inelastic collision system moves with velocity V By the conservation of momentum mv 0  (m  M ) V  V  Kinetic energy of system = = 1 mv   (m  M )   2  m M  Loss of 1 1  mv  mv2  (m  M )   2 2  m M  = 1 M   mv2   2  m M  1 (m M ) V 2 2 2 kinetic 2 mv m M energy = 68 . Power and Collision  2m s  t  19.