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Arabic

ARABIC
GENERAL OBJECTIVES
The aim of the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) syllabus in Arabic is to
prepare candidates for admission into tertiary institutions through the Board’s examination. It is
designed to test their achievement of the course objectives, which are to:
1.

answer comprehension questions correctly in standard Arabic;

2.

translate simple texts from English to Arabic and vice versa;

3.

apply the rules of Arabic grammar functionally;

4.

appreciate Arabic literary texts within the contexts of their environment and eras;

5.

use Arabic as a living world language in communication where necessary.
DETAILED SYLLABUS

TOPICS/CONTENTS/NOTES
SECTION A: COMPREHENSION
It consists of two passages of seventy (70) words
each. Five multiple-choice questions are to be set on
each passage. The contents should be within the
experience of the candidates e.g. current affairs,
sports, education, politics, economy, health, culture
and ethic. The themes of the two passages should
vary.

OBJECTIVES
Candidates should be able to:
i. use appropriate words or phrases for specific
thought;
ii. deduce the lesson in the passage;
iii. determine the main theme of the passage;
iv. give an appropriate title of a passage;
v. interpret the meanings of particular words.

SECTION B: TRANSLATION
This section consists of ten (10) questions. Five of
them are on translation from English into Arabic
while the other five are on translation from Arabic
into English.

Candidates should be able to:
i. use an appropriate Arabic word or phrase to convey
the meaning of an English word or phrase;
ii. determine an appropriate English word or phrase for
an Arabic statement;
iii. interpret idiomatic expressions in both Arabic and
English;
iv. transfer ideas expressed in Arabic to English and
vice versa;
v. communicate effectively in Arabic and English.

Translation into English includes key words and
phrases in a sentence.
Translated questions are to be based on standard
Arabic and English usages.

SECTION C: GRAMMAR
Major grammatical features in Arabic to be
examined include:
.‫ أسماء اإلشارة و الموصولة‬.1
1. Demonstrative and relative pronouns.
.‫ المذكر و المؤنث‬.2
2. Gender (Masculine and Femine).

Candidates should be able to:
i. identify the various forms of demonstrative and
relative pronouns;
ii. compare gender markers in Arabic;

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ix. :‫ النواسخ‬. Characteristics of noun. the jussive.14 14. iv. the permutative. .5 iii.Arabic .‫ الفعل الالزم والفعل المتعدي‬. :‫ المشتقات‬.6 6.‫ عالمات االسم‬. vi. Construct phrases. :‫ الفعل المضارع‬. v. . x. Prepositions. 7.‫ب – العطف‬ c.7 Separable and inseparable pronouns. The perfect verb. . viii. the indicative.‫أ – النعت‬ b.16 xv. conjunction. Derivatives: . xiii.‫ج – اسما الزمان و المكان‬ 18 and derived . adjective. Dual. emphasis . differentiate between separable and inseparable pronouns. Kana and its associates ‫ب – إن و أخواتها‬ b. 5. between trilateral xvi. ‫ب – المنصوب‬ c.‫ب – اسم اآللة‬ b. identify the kinds of modifiers and apply them in Arabic usage. detect correct usage of adjectives.‫أ – اسم التفضيل‬ a.9 .13 vii.8 Appendants: a. ‫ الضمائر المنفصلة و المتصلة‬. sound masculine plural ‫ب – جمع المؤنث السالم‬ b. the comparative/superlative. differentiate between transitive and intransitive verbs and use them in sentences.4 :‫ الجموع‬. ‫أ – كان و أخواتها‬ a. . ‫أ – المرفوع‬ b.‫ج – المجزوم‬ . The imperfect verb: a. Inna and its associates ‫ج – ظن و أخواتها‬ c. construct plural forms of singular nouns. Zanna and its associates .‫ الفعل الثالثى المجرد و المزيد فيه‬. identify the three basic characteristics of Arabic nouns. xi.‫د – التوكيد‬ 9. . conjunctions and the permutative in Arabic sentences. 8.15 15.‫ المضاف و المضاف إليه‬.12 12. detect the imperative verbs and their forms. detect the perfect verbs and their forms. identify the types of derivatives. The imperative verb. xii. . broken plural .10 10.3 3. identify construct phrases and their usages.‫ الفعل األمر‬. apply correct preposition in a given sentence. 13.‫أ – جمع المذكر السالم‬ a. ‫ الفعل الماضى‬. sound femine plural ‫ج – جمع التكثير‬ c. ‫ حروف الجر‬. Transitive & Intransitive verbs. the subjunctive. :‫ التوابع‬.11 11. differentiate between singular and dual forms of nouns. Plurals: . nouns of instrument. Trilateral and derived verbs.‫ المثنى‬. The modifiers: xiv. differentiate verbs. 16. 4. .‫ج – البدل‬ d. detect the imperfect verbs and their grammatical words in sentences.

identify different types of adverbial clause.20 20. detect them in sentences. the vocative.)‫ب – المفعول فيه (ظرف‬ b. education.‫ تماضر الخنساء ورثاؤها‬. express ideas clearly in Arabic. . the exempted. xvii. iii.‫د – اسم النسبة‬ d. "‫ قس بن ساعدة و خطبته "من عاش مات‬. sports and current affairs. apply the rules governing conditional sentences. e.Arabic c. use correct idiomatic expressions in Arabic.)‫م‬1798 – 610( ‫ب – العصر اإلسالمي‬ b) The Islamic Period (610 – 1798 C. Specification. identify pre-Islamic poetic traditions and conventions. adverb of circumstance. .)‫م‬610 – 500 ‫أ – العصر الجاهلي (حوالى‬ a) The Pre-Islamic Period (500 – 610 C.‫ الفاعل و نائب الفاعل‬. 18. recognise and count Arabic numerals from 1 to 3000 and identify the intricacies involved in their usage. culture. Candidates should be able to: SECTION E: ARABIC LITERATURE This section consists of ten (10) questions on notable literary figures and their works cutting across the various periods which include the following: . 19.‫ حسان بن ثابت وقصيدته في فتح مكة‬.17 17. .‫أ – المفعول به‬ xx. identify and analyze the style of figurative expressions contained in a given Islamic literature. the exempted with illa. economy.‫ التمييز‬. Active and passive voice. :‫ منصوبات األسماء‬.‫ج – الحال‬ c. Conditional sentences. v.‫هـ‬ e. ii.‫د – المستثنى بإال‬ d. nouns of time and place. distinguish between active and passive voice and apply them in sentences. Nouns in the accusative .E. . ‫ الجملة الشرطية‬. communicate effectively in Arabic. . demonstrate the use of common Arabic idioms and proverbs. a. health.). specification and the vocative as well as detect and use them in standard Arabic. Candidates should be able to: i. direct object.19 xix. Numerals (1 – 3000).E. adverbs of place and time. . relative adjectives. iv."‫ "أشجان الهوى‬:‫ جرير وشعره‬- i. . ii. )‫ فقط‬3000 – 1( ‫ العدد‬. use appropriate words for specific thoughts. . 19 .‫و – المنادى‬ f.18 xviii. politics. SECTION D: COMPOSITION This section consists of five (5) questions on subjects relating to the lives and environment of the candidates.). construct them and differentiate them in normal sentences."‫ "لنا العزة الغلباء‬:‫ الفرزدق ومدحه لزين العابدين‬.g.

)‫م إلى اليوم‬1798( ‫ج – العصر الحديث‬ The Modern Period (1978 to date). evaluate areas of successful use of Arabic as a medium of West African novel and drama."‫ "ادفع بالتى هى أحسن‬:‫ جميل عبد هللا الكنوى‬- iii. analyse their contents and describe their major characteristics and plots. iv."‫ "الطبقة العليا‬:‫ زكريا إدريس حسين ومسرحيته‬.Arabic c) . 20 . describe the aesthetic features in literary texts and assess their modern cultural values.‫د – أدب غرب إفريقيا بالعربية‬ d) West African Literature in Arabic. ."‫"قصة الحجاب‬: ‫ المنفلوطي وكتابه العبرات‬. ."‫ "لم تشتكي‬:‫ إيليا أبو ماضي وشعره‬- .

1‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪ARABIC LITERATURE‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬زكراي حسني‪ :‬املأدبة األدبية للطالب العربية يف إفريقيا أوتثى‪ :‬دار النور‬ ‫‪2004‬م‬ ‫‪NECO/WAEC‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬زكراي حسني‪ :‬الطبقة العليا‪ :‬دار النور أوتثى‬ ‫‪2006‬م ‪NECO/WAEC‬‬ ‫‪ -3‬مصطفى لطفي املنفلوطي‪ :‬العربات بريوت والقاهرة‬ ‫(‪WAEC/NECO )2004‬‬ ‫‪ -4‬مجيل عبد هللا الننو‪ ::‬ادف لال ي هي أحس منتبة احلنمة اإلسالمية كنو‬ ‫‪NECO/WAEC‬‬ ‫‪21‬‬ ‫(‪)2013‬‬ ‫‪2.‬‬ ‫‪9.‫‪Arabic‬‬ ‫‪RECOMMENDED TEXTS‬‬ ‫‪.3 – 1‬القاهرة‪ :‬دار المعارف‪.‬الكتاب ‪ 3 – 1‬إكيجا‪ :‬لونغمان‪.‬‬ ‫‪11.‬‬ . Malik. Balogun. London: Lund Humphries.‬‬ ‫‪12.M (1965).‬كنو‪ :‬شركة طن المى و أبنائه‪. Arabic newspapers. I.1‬على الجارم و مصطفى أمين‪ :‬النحو الواضح لمدارس المرحلة األولية‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ .6‬‬ ‫‪. I. A.‬القاهرة‪.‬الجزء ‪ 4 – 1‬القاهرة‪ :‬دار المعارف‪. L. A. Adekilekun. A.‬‬ ‫عبد الفتاح صبرى و علي عمر بك‪ :‬القراءة الرشيدة‪ .‬س‪2005 .‬‬ ‫‪3.‬بيروت‪ :‬دار الفكر‪. A. Haywood.2‬محمد أجروم الصنهاجى‪ :‬متن األجرومية‪ .3‬محمد محيي الدين عبد الحميد‪ :‬التحفة السنية بشرح المقدمة األجرومية‪ .B.2‬‬ ‫‪. B.‬إبادن‪ :‬دار سبكترم للطباعة و النشر‪. Books I & II.‬‬ ‫عبد هللا الطيب‪ :‬سمير التالميذ الجزء ‪ 2 – 1‬الخرطوم‪ :‬مكتب النشر‪. Ilorin. H.‬‬ ‫‪1.7‬‬ ‫‪COMPREHENSION.‬‬ ‫سيد حمرة مالك‪ :‬اإلنشاء العربى المتوسط (للمدارس الثانوية) إبادن مطبعة الجامعة ب‪ .3‬‬ ‫‪. J. (1982) A Modern Arabic Course Book 1 Lagos: Islamic‬‬ ‫‪Publications Bureau. M.P. and Nahmad. Haywood. H.‬‬ ‫غرب ط‪ .5‬‬ ‫‪.‬ل‪ . J.‬زاريا (‪1999‬م)‪ :‬كيف تكتب اإلنشاء‪ :‬كنو مطبعة جامعة بايرو‪.‬‬ ‫‪10.‬‬ ‫محمد األول أبوبكر و اآلخرون‪ :‬العربية الميسرة الجديدة للمرحلة الثانوية‪ .‬‬ ‫محمد بديع شريف و سليم حكيم و الحاج حسين آدمو‪ :‬العربية الجديدة فى نيجيريا‪ .‬‬ ‫‪GRAMMAR‬‬ ‫‪ .‬م‪. A New Arabic Grammar of the Written‬‬ ‫‪Language. and Oseni Z.: Learning Arabic Language. (1965). London: Lund Humphries.‬‬ ‫‪4. A New Arabic Grammar of the Written‬‬ ‫‪Language.‬‬ ‫‪ .4‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪8. COMPOSITION AND TRANSLATION‬‬ ‫بشير أحمد محيي الدين و المرضي مختار المرضي‪ :‬المطالعة الواضحة‪ . A. magazines and journals. S.‬الجرء ‪ . Lagos I.A and Nahmad. (1982) A Guide to Arabic Composition. H.

ZAKARIYAU I.JAMIL ABDULLAHI ALKANAWI: IDFA’A BIL LATI HIYA AHSAN. 2. OSENI: AL-MA’DUBAT AL-ADABIYYAH.MUSTAPHA LUTFI AL-MANFALUTI: AL-ABARAT. 22 . 4.AHMAD AL-ASKANDARI WAL AKHARUN: ALMUFASSAL FI TARIKH AL-ADABUL ARABI.ZAKARIYAU I. 5. OSENI: AL-TABAQATAL-ULYA (THE UPPER CLASS) 3.Arabic NECO/WAEC ‫ املفصل يف اتريخ األدب العريب‬:‫ واآلخرون‬:‫ أمحد االسنندر‬-5 TRANSLITERATION OF THE ABOVE BOOKS 1.