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Biology 1983

Root hairs are developed from the …
A. root apex
B. epidermis of roots
C. vascular bundles
D. endodermis
E. pericycle

A. a protein B. a carbohydrate, C. a fat
D. a fatty acid and glycerol
E. an amino acid.

Which of the following elements are necessary for the
formation of chlorophyll in a plant?
A. Magnesium and iron B. Calcium and potassium
C. Calcium and sulphur D. Potassium and sulphur
E. Phosphorus and potassium.


Which of the following statements is NOT true of
mammalian erythrocytes?
A. They have haemoglobin B. They appear yellow
when looked at singly C. They are disc-shaped
D. The cells are more numerous than leucocytes
E. They have nuclei at maturity.


In woody plants, gases and water vapour are
transported across the stems by the
A. xylem fibres B. medullary fibres C. medullary rays
D. phloem fibres E. phloem parenchyma.


Which of the following substances is NOT found in
A. Water B. Sodium chloride C. Nitrogenous compounds
D. Calcium chloride E. Nitrogenous salts.


The kidneys of all vertebrates act as osmo
regulators. This means that they
A. keep the composition of the plasma constant
B. regulate osmotic processes C. Control the volume of
blood entering the kidneys D. decrease the osmotic
pressure of blood E. increase the osmotic pressure of


The movement of part of a plant in response to
external stimulus of no particular direction is
A. taxism B. tropism C haptotropic movement
D nastic movement E. phototropism


The part of the mammalian brain responsible for
maintaining balance is the
A. medulla oblongata B. olfactory lobe
C. cerebellum, D. cerebrum E. frontal lobe.

Use Fig. 1 to answer questions 2-4
Fig 1



Fig 1 represents a cross-section of a part of a
dicot plant.
Which of the following features can be used to
identify Fig 1?
A. Position of 7 B. Its circular nature C. Number of 5
D. Presence of 3 E. Width of 2.
The main function of 6 is to
A. separate 5 from 7 B. produce more of 5 and 7.
C. produce cork D. translocate water and mineral salt
E. conduct carbon dioxide to the other parts.


The main function of 4 is to
A. surround the inner tissues B. produce cork
C. produce root hairs D. produce lateral roots
E. produce more of 3.


In a dicot leaf, guard cells differ from other
epidermal cells because they
A. have no definite shape B. lack nuclei
C. are smaller D. contain chloroplasts E. lack vacuole.


Which of the following structures is NOT found in the
female agama lizard?
A. Pre-anal pads B. Eardrum C. Gular fold
D. Nasal scale
E. Nuchal crest.


Herbs differ from shrubs because they
A. do not produce fruits B. are useful to herbalists
C. do not become woody D. are only annuals E. are
only perennials.


If an isolated living cell is left in distilled water for two
hours, it is likely to
A. lose some of its water to the surrounding water
B. lose all of its water to the surrounding water
C. reproduce by binary fission D. become more turgid.
E. die due to excess water.


Fig vertical section of onion bulb.
Which of the labelled parts in Fig 2 will develop into a
new bulb?
A. 1 B. 4 C. 2 D. 3 E. 5.


If an organic compound has its Hydrogen: Oxygen
ratio as 2:1, it is likely to be

In the onion bulb, food is stored in the
A. stem
B. lateral buds C. cotyledons
D. outer scale leaves E. leaf bases.


Groundnut is not really a ‘nut’ in the biological sense
A. it is harvested from inside the ground B. its pericarp
is not hard and tough. C. the fruit is succulent
E. it is an achene.


What type of fruit is formed from a single flower
having several free carpels?
A. multiple fruit
B. Simple fruit C. Aggregate fruit
D. Dehiscent fruit E. Indehiscent fruit.












A 28g soil sample was heated to a constant weight
of 24g. When further heated to red hot and cooled,
it weighed 18g. What is the percentage of hurmus
in the soil?
A. 22.2 B. 55.6 C. 75.0 D. 25.9 E. 35.7.
Which of the following diseases is NOT caused
by a virus?
A. Rinderpest B. Maize rust C. Newcastle disease
D. Swine fever E. Cassava mosaic disease.
A centipede differs from a millipede by its
A. colour B. numerous abdominal segments
C. paired legs on each abdominal segment
D. poison claws E. cylindrical body.
An organism having one pair of identical genes is
A. a heterozygote B. a hybrid C. an allelomorph
D. a homozygote E. a diploid
Plants which can survive in places where the water
supply is limited are
A .bryophytes B.mesophytes C. xerophytes
D.hydrophytes E.
Banana, plantain and pineapple can be grouped
together because they
A. produce small seeds B. are multiple fruits
C. produce suckers D. have runners E. have bulbils.
One disease NOT caused directly by bacteria is
A.malaria B. tuberculosis C. pneumonia D. tetanus
E. cholera.
In what order do the following structures develop
during the metamorphosis of the toad? 1. External gills
2. Internal gills 3. Forelimbs 4. Hindlimbs 5. Mouth.
A. 1 2 3 4 5 B.1 5 2 4 3 C. 1 3 4 5 D. 5 3 4 1 2
E. 5 4 3 2 1.
The dental formular i 3/3: c 1/1: pm4/4: m2/3 = 42
represents that of a
A. rabbit B. full grown man
C. young child
D. dog E. sheep.
Which of the following statements is NOT true of
insectivorous plants?
A. They obtain part of their food by trapping and
feeding on insects B. They attract insects simply
because of pollination. C. They can grow in soils poor
in nitrogenous salts. D. They can supplement the
nitrogen supply by feeding on insects E. Examples
include butterworts, sundews and pitcher plants.
Which of these worms is beneficial to man?
A. Hookworm B. Tapeworm C. Roundworm
D. Earthworm E. Guniea worm.


Starting from the skull end, the vertebrae are
arranged in the following order:
A. axis, atlas, cervical, thoracic and limbar
B. atlas, cervical, axis, thoracic and lumbar
C. atlas, axis, thoracic, cervical and lumbar
D. atlas, axis, cervical, thoracic and lumbar
E. atlas, thoracic, cervical axis and lumbar.


Which of the following diseases could be
exclusively associated with a river basin?
A. Malaria B. Syphilis C. Onchocerciasis
D. Cholera E. Poliomyelitis.


Which of the following represents the evolutionary
sequence in these plants? 1. Flowering plants, 2.
Ferns, 3. Mosses, 4. Algae, 5. Conifers.
A. 2à1à4à3à5 B. 5à4à3à2à1 C. 2à4à5à1à3
D. 3à2à4à5à1 E. 4à3à2à5à1


Which of the following will NOT allow osmosis to
take place?
A. pig’s bladder B. Cellophane C. Parchment paper
D. Transparent polythene E. Cow’s bladder.


Which of the following statements on the
mammalian circulatory system is Not true?
A. Blood in the pulmonary artery is richer in
oxygen content than blood in the pulmonary vein
B. The blood in the hepatic portal vein is the richest in
food substances. C. Blood flow is controlled by
valves in the veins D. Arteries are generally
thicker and larger than veins. E. Fibrin helps in the
formation of blood clot.
In a positive phototropic response of a coleoptile, the
region of greatest curvature is brought about by the
A. movement of auxins away from the region of
B. even distribution of auxins in all
parts of the coleoptile, C. inhibition of growth
by auxins in the region of smaller curvature
D. concetrationn of auxins in the region of curvature E.
absence of auxins in the coleptile.



The tuber of cassava is NOT a stem tuber because it
A. is distended with food reserve B. has an aerial
shoot portion
C. has other structures that
could be called roots
D. lacks axillary buds
E. has a bark over its stored food.


The function of the ossicles (maleus, incus and
stapes) in the mammalian ear is the
A. transmission of vibrations B. regulation of
C. support of the inner ear
D. maintenance of balance during motion
E. secretion of oil.


Which of the following instruments is used for
determining turbidity of water?
A. Thermometer B. Secchi Disc C. Rain gauge
D. Hygrometer E. Wind vane.


Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of
monocot plants?





A. occurrence of secondary thickening B. Parallel
venation C. Scattered vascular bundles
D. Floral parts arranged in threes, E. Periath is
usually insignifdicant
Which sequence represnts the correct order of
organism in a food chain? 1. Toad, 2.Mucuna, 3.
Grasshopper, 4.Snake, 5.Hawk.
A. 5 4 1 3 2 B. 1 2 3 4 5
C. 2 1 3 4 5 D. 2 3 1 5 4
E. 2 3 1 4 5
In Rhizopus, carbonhydrate is stored in the form of
A. glucose B. paramylon C. glycogen D. starch E. oil
Which of the following statements about the rate
of transpiration is INCORRECT? It is
A. dependent on temperature B. affected by changes in
light intensity C. unaffected by humidity
D. dependent on air movement E. affected by
availability of water.
‘Jointed skeleton’ is absent in the
A. cockroach B. spider C. millipede D. snail
E. dragon fly.


When a Spirogyra cell is immersed in a salt solution
more concentrated than its cell sap, it
A. remains unchanged B. takes up water and burst
C. absorbs a little water D. loses water and shrivel
E. becomes turgid.


Urea is produced in the
A. liver, B. Ladder, C. spleen, D. kidneys. E. gall bladder


What is the genetic ration of the F2 generation if members
of F generation are allowed to self-pollinate?
A. 1tall: 3short B. 3 tall:1 short C. 1 tall: 1 short
D. 4 shorts: 0 tall E. 4 tall:0 short
The path taken by glucose from the ileum to the heart is
A. ileum
hepatic portal vein hepatic artery vena
cava heart. B. ileum hepatic portal
artery hepatic artery venacave heart.
C. ileum hepatic portalvein vena cava heart
D. ileum hepatic vein vena cava heart.
E. ileum hepatic portal vein hepatic vein vena cava


Which of the following statements about the
definition of man is Incorrect? Man has
A. more molars than incisors B. no diastema
C. the same number of teeth on upper and lower jaws
D. a total of thirty-two teeth E. a total of six molars.

Biology 1984

The mouth part of the housefly are adapted for
A. lapping and sponging. B. sucking and chewing.
C. piercing and sucking. D. chewing and lapping.
E. biting and chewing.


The male toad differs from the female by having
A. vocal sacs.
B. shorter hind limbs.
C. longer fore limbs.
D. bulging eyes.
E. nictating membrane.




Mosses, liverworts and ferns can be grouped
together because they
A. are all equatic plants. B. all grow in deserts.
C. are seedless plants. D. have undifferentiated plant
bodies. E. all produce colourless flowers.
Spirogyra and Mucor can be grouped together as
Thallophyta because.
A. they are unicellular organism B. their spores
could be dispersed by wind C. they are capable
of living independent lives D. they reproduce sexually
E. their bodies are made up of thallus and
filaments alternatively.
Which of the following invertebrates does NOT
possess antennae?
A. Centipede
B. Crustacean C.Millipede
D. Insect
E. Spider


Which of the following is INCORRECT? The
prothallus of a fern
A. is a flattened heart-shaped structure.
B. is green because its cells contain chloroplasts
C. is the dominant plant D. bears the sexual organs
E. is attached to the ground by numerous rhizoids.


Which of the following cell constituents is NOT
common in both plants and animals?
A. Mitochondria B. Chloroplasts
C. Ribosomes
D. Golgi apparatus
E. Vacoules.


The character-producing factors in living organisms are
A. chromomeres B. alleles C. chromatids
D. chromosomes E. genes.


A mixture of mercurous and mercuric nitrates is added
to a food substance. A white precipitate is formed
which on gentle heating turns red. The food
substance is
A. protein
B. oil C. Carbohydrate
D. Fat
E.Fatty acid.


The mammalian organ through which nourishment
and oxygen diffuse into a developing embryo is called
A. amnion
B. chorion C. umbilical cord
D. oviduct
E. placenta




Fig 1 represents a quill feather. The structure labelled
“M” is the
A. quill B. rachis C. superior umbilicus
D. inferior umbilicus E. aftershaft

Osmosis can be defined as the movement of
A. molecules from solution of high concentration
to low concentration B. molecules from solution of
low concentration to ]high concentration
C. water from solution of high concentration to low
concentration D. Water across a semi-permeable
membrane from solution of low concentration to high
concentration E. water across a semi-permeable
membrane from solution of high concentration
to low concentration


A man with a normal haemoglobin (AA) marries a
woman who has sickle-cell haemoglobin (SS).
They have a child who has sickle-cell trait. Which
of the following genotypes could be associated
with the child’s haemoglobin ?


In a Biuret test, some protein was mixed with sodium
hydroxide solution. Which of the following
chemicals should be added to the mixture for a
positive result?
A. Mercurous nitrate B. Copper sulphate
C. Mercuric nitrate
D. Sodium carbonate
E. Ammonium hydroxide


The removal of a man’s pancreas by surgical
operation can affect only the digestion of
A. starch B. starch, protein and fats
C. oils and fats D. proteins
E. carbohydrate and fats.


The parts used by tapeworm to fasten itself to the
host’s intestine are the
A. neck and suckers B. hooks and suckers
C. rostellum and suckers
D. young proglottis and neck E. rostellum,
hooks and suckers.

Which of the following statements is NOT true of
enzymes? They
A. are proteins B.need cofactors to activate them
C. are sensitive to hydrogen ion concentration
D. are specific in their action
E. can withstand high temperatures.


The dorsal and anal fins of fish are used for
A. upward movements B. controlling rolling
movements C. downward movements
D. steering
E. buoyancy.


Exoskeleton is NOT found in the
A. maggot B. mosquito larva C. earthworm
D. caterpillar F. termite

Use Fig 2 to answer questions 24 - 25

Fig 2. transverse section of a fowl’s egg

The young chick is formed from
A. 3 B. 3 and 4 C. 1,3 and 5

D. 2

E. 4

16. Blood clotting is initiated by
A. leucocytes B. platelets C. haemolymph
D. haemoglobin E. erythrocytes


Which parts provide food for the developing chick?
A. 2 and 3 B. 4 and
C. 3 and 4
D. 2 and 5 E. 1 and 2


Pepsin is a digestive enzyme which breaks
A. cellulose into glucose molecules
B. carbohydrates into simple sugars
C. protein into peptones D. fats into glycerol
and fatty acids E. sucrose into glucose and
Anaerobic respiration in yeast produces
A. carbondioxide and ethanol B. carbondioxide and
water C. carbondioxide and oxygen
D. carbondioxide and glucose E. ethanol and water


Which of the following types of vertebrate occur
in equal numbers in the rabbit, rat and man?
A. Caudal B. Thoracic C. Lumbar
D. Cervical E. Sacral


Which of the following statements is NOT true of
the piliferous layer of a root? It
A. has a very thin cuticle B. is the outermost
layer of the cortex
C. may bear root hairs
D. breaks down as the root ages
E. is replaced by cork in old roots.

Underground stems which grow horizontally
through the soil are
A. blubs B. rhizomes C. runners
D. corms E. stolons


A flowering plant is monoecious if
A. the androecium is found on one plant
B. the gynoecium is monocarpous
C. it produces essential organs D. the gynoecium
and androecium are on the same plant
E. the flowers are unisexual



Temperature. If a handful of soil is shaken with water and left to settle. soil insect C. washing away of humus from the soil surface B. Leaching is A. The axial skeleton of a mammal does not include the bones of the A. ammonium salts B. optic lobes D. Green plants are important in the ecosystem because they are A. neck. silt. cerebral hemispheres C. 7 30. Reduced body weight D. decomposers D. virus. warmed or heated with a complex solution E. sand. humidity. 42. headaches and dozing. capillaries to venules D. If an animal is very active and has good muscular control. Rhizopus. 3. soil nitrites E. salinity. Spirogyra and Paramecium B. washing out of chalk and limestone from upper layers of soil by heavy rains 50. Which of the following lists of diseases. 4. Fibrin forms a network of threads 2 Red blood cells are caught and a clot is formed 3. tsetse fly bite 46. 43. tiredness. sheet rill gully E. How many nuclei are found in a pollen tube during fertilization? A. Heat produced in tissue respiration in plants is A. a chemical from of energy B. severe diarrhoea. a waste from of energy. scavengers.1. protozoan. 1. mixed with sugar solution in the cold B.3. Broad sternum E. stones C. water. Fibrinogen in plasma changes into solube fibrin 4. stones B. thunderstorms D. Mucor. sand. clay. spinal cord Which of the following adaptations is NOT concerned with the flight of birds? A. Smoke C. 39. Ascaris and Amoeba. number of young plants across a forest. pH. B. virus. plankton. Erosion can be reduced along a slope by A. 33. Noise B. 32. 35. turbidity E. Paramecium and Amoeba C. humus. The process of soil erosion is usually from A. infected water. sand D. mixed with reducing sugar in the cold D. A. venules to the vein 38. 3. Webbed feet. Amoeba. rainfall E. Which of the following sequences represents the process of blood clotting? 1. silt. their causes and transmission is CORRECT? A. warmed with a solution of reducing sugar. 5 D. veneral disease. the main form of energy D. it is likely to have well-developed A. humus. Sleeping sickness. salinity 45. producers C. Asexual reproduction does NOT occur in A. loss of organic matter due to exposure to direct sunlight E. pH. warmed or heated by itself C. distribution of organisms along a line D. limbs D. Mucor. arterioles to the artery E. sheet gully rill D. the only form of energy C. ridging across slope B. salinity. 47. 41. 6 E. gully rill sheet C. Oxygen C. back E.4 E. clay silt. Normally the flow of blood is NEVER from A. Wind. ridging down slope D. secondary consumers E. 3 C. Carbon monoxide E. contact with infected person C. primary consumers B. 34. stones. Soil. silt. spirogyra and Mucor E. 4. high fever. a useful form of energy E. number of plants and animals in a habitant B. Rhizopus and penicillium D. bacteria. humus. Tannis B. altitude C. Which of the following is NOT regarded as a pollutant on land or in the air? A. Denitrifying bacteria in nature liberate gaseous nitrogen directly from A.4.3.1 B. artery to arterioles B. The transect method can be used in ecology to show the A.2. stones. crop rotation E. Syphilis. Nitrogen 44. E.2 D. soil erosion by means other than rainfall D. arterioles to capillaries C. Sap E. tail C.1. Which of the following groups of factors is completely abiotic? A. light D. Which of the following is NOT a waste product of plants? A. An anenometer is an instrument for measuring A. sexual intercourse D. Alkaloids 31. the soil particles will settle from light to heavy particles as follows: A. plant and animal proteins. Carbondioxide D. ridging up slope C. reduction of soil aeration by pressure C. silt. 37. 2 B.29.3. clay. virus. Smallpox. relative humidity B. winds.2. wind speed D.4.2. turbidity B. skin with blister. bacteria. Conifers. heights of trees in a section of a forest E. Presence of powerful muscles C.2 C. cerebellum E. stones E. rill gully sheet . Fehling’s solution will readily change colour from blue to a reddish colour when it is A. 40. Penicillium. soil nitrates C. population of a plant species C. 49.1. tide. Sulphur dioxide D. sand. humus. 48. Cholera. Streamlined shape B. altitude. olfactory lobes B. Blood is exposed to air. close contact with infected person. rill sheet gully B. Malaria. clay. skull B. bush fallowing system. clay. humus. sand.

3à4à2à1 D. rootlets C. Central pith C. starch D. beside the phloem B. reproduce sexually and a sexually D. superior vena cava D. Internal gill stage E. Milk bacteria produce lactic acid D. If a child can receive blood from all donors. Livewort E. the structure which performs the functions of roots of higher plants is called A. moves fast. usually contains starch E. sugar C. Wide cortex D. the xylem is A. have no vascular tissues. Coelenterates D. Larval stage. spider C. In which of the following groups of animals are flagella and cilia found? A. AB E. contains chlorophyll B. a tissue D. makes the plant slimly to touch. Nematodes 3. gills B. hyphae D. 16. Peptones A.Polypeptides 2. cellulose E. a system C. External gill stage C. produce antitoxins C. Annelids C. Which of the following events does NOT occur during anaerobic respiration of glucose? A. 9. Pericyclic fibres. millipede E. supply amino acids E. B D. 21. chyme B. Protozoa E. protein B. inferior vena cava C. Byrophytes are different from flower because they A. grows saprophytically C. O B. Narrow cortex E. thalli. lateral line. In an angiosperm leaf. live in moist habitats B. digest harmful bacteria E. 14. excrete waste products B. has flagella B. can manufacture its food E. pulmonary artery. Partially digested food ready to leave the stomach is referred to as A. has plant and animal features C. Which of the following is common to a dicotyledonous stem and a monocotyledonous root? A. Germinating seeds produce alcohol. bears spores in sporangium D. 3à1à2à4 B. glycogen D. he belongs to the blood group A. The function of lymph nodes is to A. Tadpole stage B. A C. curd C. 7. have small leaves E. an organ B. 13. filter out bacteria C. nostrils D. . aorta B. Proteins 4. Energy is not produced E. supply simple sugars 19. Fern fronds. in separate bundles from the phloem. Blood platelets are important because they A. roughage 18. surrounded by the phloem C. Muscle cell produce lactic acid B. Which of the following represents the sequence of protein hydrolysis? 1. release thrombin for blood clotting. 22. snail D. goitre E. Medullary rays B. Whistling pine C. around the phloem E. 20. anaemia B. AS. 11. rhizoids E. are amoeboid and nucleated B. Adult stage D. above the phloem D. an enzyme. is mainly used for respiration D. paste E. Each of the following is an arthropod EXCEPT the A. A food substance which produces red colouration with Sudan III contains A. In fish the sense organs which detect movements in the water are located within the A. is found in water D. retarded growth C. In lower plants like mosses. If calcium is deficient in food this may cause A. Flatworms B. produce antibodies D. consists of hyphae E. 4. is suspended by cytoplasmic strands C. 3à4à1à2 E. At what stage in the life history of a toad is its mode of breathing similar to that of a fish? A. fat. reproduces by conjugation 8. cockroach 5. Algal filamentsD. supply oxygen B. 6. Euglena is an autotrophic organism because it A. The vein which returns blood from the head and arms to the heart is called A. Which of the following is seed bearing? A. 3à1à4à2 15. 10. 2. an organelle E.Biology 1985 1. In Spirogyra. Which of the following is NOT true of Mucor? It A. beri-beri 17.Amino acids 3. operculum C. Mosses B. the pryrenoid A. Carbon dioxide is produced C. 3à2à4à1 C. 12. crab B. root hairs B. median fins E. sterility D. are small plants C. form red blood D. pulmonary vein E. A group of similar cells performing the same function is A.

Man Fish Beetles Tadpoles Weeds E. 24.2. Which of the following is NOT caused by bacteria? A. limbs B. A young plant showing yellow leaves is likely to be deficient in A. the manufacture of blood. man and dog C. Semipermeable 4. effector muscles C. potassium D. 31. secrete sodium C. Freelypermeable 5. 6 27. has an undeveloped anroecium C. 2. aqueous humour. RNA D. 45. Irish potato is a A. symbiosis E. hypocotyls B. secrete water D. Fish Beetles Tadpoles Weeds Tadpoles. 5 F. Use the diagram below to answer questions 26 and 27 Fig.4. dendrites D. phalanges D. The mammalian endocrine system is responsible for A. hypogeal E. regulating body temperature C. has no anroecium D. Liver C. Onchocerciasis E. must be unisexual B. In mammals. 2. magnesium C. 5 and 6 D. ADP B. optic nerves B. For pollen to be released in Crotalaria the insect must depress the A. molybdenum. 41. 42. DNA. ATP E. . physiology. tap root C. Tuberculosis D. C. If a flower is protandrous then it A. 1. semicircular canals E. 3 and 5 C. 36. girdles and limbs. produce an oily substance E. Re-absorption of useful materials takes place in the parts labeled. The appendicular skeleton is made up of the A. Kidney B. chemical co-ordination E. motor neurons B. An old man is likely to be long-sighted because age effects the A. 2 C. 1 and 3 B. 2 and 4 28. morphology D. wing B.Tadpoles Beetles Weeds Man Fish D. commensalisms. cochlea B. A relationship between living organisms which is of mutual benefit is A. ulna and radius E. regulating osmotic pressure of blood D. Moist 2. has no plumule and radicle E. Gonorrhoea C. Weeds Tadpoles Fish Beetles Man. dysentery. malaria C. skull and limbs C. CNS C. leprosy E.5 C. root tuber E. Spleen E. fish and man B. man and snail E. Germination which results in the cotyledons being brought above ground is called A.5. 38. Stomach. has a large endosperm B. is formed from an ovary C. Typhoid. river blindness B. Weeds Tadpoles Beetles Fish Man B. fish and snail 44.2. phenotype B. must be insect pollinated E. Movements and positions of the head in man are detected by the A. 1 B. boron E. plumule. In a mammal. 32. retina C. parasitism B. saprophytism C. genotype C. 3 D. The hereditary material in a cell is known as A. 6 and 7 E. 4 E.5 E. 35. keel C. the function of the sebaceous gland is to A. 37. Which of the following organs regulates the amount of amino acids and glucose in the body? A. 25. Identify which of the following are characteristics of the vertebrate respiratory surface 1. The primary and secondary hosts respectively of bilharzia are A. 40. Cholera B. antepetalous stamen E. 1.5 D. Tsetse fly is harmful to man because it is associated with the spread of A. stem tuber. The characters by which an organism is recognized are termed its A. ecosystem D. manufacture vitamin D for the skin. 39. Vascularized 3. bulb B. 30.3. anatomy E. standard D.3. cornea E. is a monocotyledon D. utriculus D. Dry A. sensory neurons E. 1 26. 33. rhizome D. epigeal D. A. 43.23. ciliary muscles D. sleeping sickness D. has a hypogeal germination. outer 29. snail and man D. can prevent selfpollination. antesepalous stamen. 34. malleus C. transmitting impulses B. The maize grain is a fruit and not a seed because it A. epicotyl C. produce sweat B.3 B. Pancreas D. stimulus is transferred from the receptor muscle to the central nervous system through the A. synapses. 1. Which of the following food chains is in the correct sequence? A. Bowman’s capsules are located in the part labelled A. calcium B.

humus B. some adult reproductives from the same colony C. Which of the following pairs are fully adapted to terrestrial life? A. Which of these is a trace element? A. 14. Consists of branched filaments D. mosquito D. but poor in clay 48. sand. clay and sand. rachis C. egestion. Calcium D. can neither respire nor excrete. 4. carbon dioxide B. burning of bush 47. organic matter Biology 1986 1. beriberi C. The stem differs from the root in having the xylem and phloem strands A. The male cockroach differs from the female by having A. Which of the following elements is essential for the formation of haemoglobin? A. 17. Sulphur. The severe deficiency of vitamin C leads to A. 49. Incomplete metamorphosis in the A. 13. planting cover crops B. death and decay 50.0 D. Snail D. can neither reproduce asexually nor sexually B. Iron. 58. Ferns and algae B. ventral and pelvic C. The percentage water content of the fully soaked soil is therefore A. poor in humus and devoid of sand E. barbs. kwashiorkor B. salts. cannot survive in their respective environments C. water C. Crab C. Copper C. towards the pith. Developing nymphs nurtured as secondary reproductives. D. butterfly B. the activities of nitrogen-fixing bacteria in root nodules E. Which of these animals is radically symmetrical? A. 2. pellagra D. the king and queen of another colony B. some adult workers which are specially fed to breed. regulated at will 15. vane B.7 B. a pair of cerci. Sand and humus. 12. carbohydrates and proteins D. Which of the following lacks chaetae. on the same radii B. constantly low B. Bryophyte . air C. 18. Angiosperm B. When the original king and queen of termites die. micro-organisms D. fats and carbohydrates. chlorophyll. weathered rock E. but poor in sand D. carbohydrates. Atmospheric nitrogen is directly replenished in nature through A. terracing of slopes D. For effective functioning of a bird’s quill feather. Sodium B. 10. Fishes are cold-blooded because their body temperature is A. grasshopper C. the activities of nitrifying bacteria D. they are replaced by A. dependent on that of their surroundings D. scurvy . pelvic and pectoral D. 11. scattered C. 30. The fins making up the limbs of the bony fish are A. Pteridophyte D. The origin of mineral particles in the soil is A. Ferns and mosses C. 16. Reproduces by fragmentation C. caudal and ventral B. Snail B. 3. water D. Water retention is highest in soils which are rich in A. fats and proteins C. Soil erosion CANNOT be controlled by A. Gymnosperm C. Calcium D. Potassium C. Hydra C. tentacles and antennae? A. 8. proteins and salts B. 6. Cockroach. Millipede D. laying of mulch E. housefly 9. poor in humus and devoid of clay B. Consists of unbranched filaments 7. the activities of denitrifying bacteria B. but poor in humus C. Viruses are regarded as non-living because they A. salts. a pair of styles C.0 E. Oxygen liberated during photosynthesis has been demonstrated to come from A. Squid B. barbules D.46. do not possess characteristics to the next D.0 C. spiracles D. pectoral and dorsal. hooks fit on the ridges of the A. fats. Which of the following is NOT true of Spirogyra? A. clay and humus.3. constantly high C. 46. Which of the following has cones? A. Bryophyte and flowering plants. D. on alternate radii D. Iron B. 25. 5. The initial volume of water poured into a bag of dry soil was 50ml and the amount that drained through was 35ml. mandibles B. Earthworm. clay. The main organic substances found in the human body are A. 20. Flowering plants and conifers. the breakdown of ammonium salts in the soil C. Reproduces by conjugation B. contouring of sloping ground C.

short neural spine and vertebraterial canal B. 26. A. 2 1 3 4 D. 22. The main function of the structure labelled 2 is to A. gall bladder. Which is the correct order of water loss from the leaf? 1 Mesophyll 2 Veins 3 Substomatal cavity 4 Stomata A. directional D. used in producing new cells B. Three B. 1 2 3 4. protect the inner parts of the seed B. radicle C. it passes twice through the heart in the complete circuit B. large centrum and cervical ribs D. The extract from a food substance reacting with sodium hydroxide and copper sulphate solutions will produce violet to purple coloration if A. wash the wound with water containing antiseptic C. The structure labelled 1 is the A. carbohydrate is present C. kidney B. non-directional C. seed coat 27. kidney. between the formation of the foetus and birth C. maintain the shape of the seed. The three important organs that are situated close to the stomach are A. it is advisable for the person If a woman who is a carrier of sickle cell trait (AS) married a man who is a sickler (SS) and they had four children how many of them would be normal A. 25. it measures the rate of water loss through the stem only D. intercostal muscles contract B. 35. melanin and keratin are contained in the A. protein is present D. C6H12O6 + 6O2 ’! 6CO2 + 6H2O+ energy D. 38. kidney and spleen D. In addition to the high calories derived from fats and oils. pressure of the thoracic cavity decreases. it measures the rate of water intake C. malpighian layer. If a person is bitten by a snake on the leg.19. 31. it circulates in both the heart and other organs D. 37. One D. prezygapophysis and cervical ribs C. auricular valve B. liver and gall bladder B. it moves in both arteries and veins C. 3 C. diaphragm is raised C. the movement of the air bubble in the potometer cannot be timed accurately. Deamination occurs in the A. 3 2 1 4 B. bicuspid valve. Which of the labelled parts will develop into a new maize plant? A. keep the inner parts moist D. cement D. cell membrane D. 21. 30. In the mammalian skin. 36. Two C. response to internal stimulus Use the figure below to answer questions 34 to 36 Vertical section of a maize grain A major limitation in the use of the potometer for measuring the rate of transpiration is that A. used as insulators from cold D. enamel. Evidence that a tooth is a living part of the mammalian body can be found within the A. The aperture between the left auricle and the left ventricle is guarded by the A. the heart contains auricles and ventricles 24. 29. 4 D. response to light stimulus B. Gestation in mammals is the period A. sebaceous gland B. 2 3 1 4 C. Nastic movement is A. pulp cavity C. 23. 32. liver and kidney C. sweat gland C. keep still and apply a tourniquet above the wound. 34. pancreas and spleen. pancreas. before the formation of the zygote. ventricular valve D. necessary for enzyme formation C. of development from zygote to birth D. 2 B. Which of the following statements is not correct with respect to inhalation in mammals? A. Two main distinguishing features of the cervical vertebra are the presence of A. they are A. plumule B. tricuspid valve C. required for growth 20. ribs are raised D. vertebraterial canal and large centrum 33. bandage the wound so that germs do not get in through it D. subcutaneous layer D. nourish the embryo and the growing parts C. it is made of breakable glass material B. spleen D. gum B. liver. C6H12O6 ’! 2C2H5OH + 2CO2 + energy. keep moving so that the venom will ooze out with bleeding B. 6CO2 + 6H2O ’! C6H12O6 + 6O2 C. pancreas C. The equation that can be used to summarize the process of anaerobic breakdown of sugar is A. liver. fats are present B. Blood circulation in a mammal is said to be double because A. None . required for growth after birth B. 5. reducing sugar is present. 28. C6H12O6+2C2H5OH + 2CO2 B.

an empiphyte B. Poliomyelitis. Tuberculosis C. decomposers C. Pellicle D. predators 43. producers D. every segment of its body carries a pair of appendages D. An instrument that can be used to demonstrate phototropism and geotropism in plants is the A. auxin C. holophyte D. prothalli D. light and wind B. crops. Which of these diseases CANNOT be prevented by immunization? A. Flagellum C. Hydra C. In an ecosystem. potometer C. Tides. virus B. loam C. rainfall and altitude D. absence of vascular tissues D. In most true ferns sporangia are grouped into A. B. 6. Ph. Earthworm D. prevent desiccation C. the biotic component consists of A. The following are methods of soil conservation EXCEPT A. Roundworm. scavengers D. If these tubes are suspended in a trough of water. a lichen C. bacterium D. contain large quantities of lime C. adrenalin B. crops. ability to reproduce asexually C. A characteristic that distinguishes bryophytes from flowering plants is the A. lose a high proportion of their organic matter to running water D. Skin coloration B. a fern. fonds C. Biology 1987 1. aid digestion B. Which of the following is an example of discontinuous variation? A. water and soil. bacteria and fungi are referred to as A. Height The hormone which regulates the amount of glucose in the blood is called A. lose lime and potash from the top soil through rain action 49. 3. Cholera D. Which of the following features of Euglena is found only in animals? A. contour terracing B. possession of true stems and leaves B. klinostat D. contain large quantities of potash B. crops. gametophyte B. its body is covered with an exoskeleton made of chitin. The swollen shoot disease of cocoa tree is caused by a A. A good example of a diploblastic organism is A. The function of the clitellum in the earthworm is to A. mixed grazing 50. pest and beneficial insects B. Body weight D. Onchocerciasis 45. indusium B. 5. strip cropping C. insulin D. 2. rainfall and humidity 46. auxanometer B. 40. Samples of different soil types are packed in glass tubes whose lower ends are plugged with cotton wool. consumers 47. producers B. its body consists of a cephalothorax and an abdomen B. temperature. sari. production of energy from glucose. a bryophyte D. salinity. is vacuolated D. Salinity. The crayfish is an arthropod because A. temperature and humidity C. digestion and destruction of foreign bodies D. B. The organism is A. photometer. In a community. 8. primary consumers C. thyroxine. In a plant exhibiting alternation of generations. 42. 10. An organism found on a bare rock surface has features of algae and fungi. wind. water will rise highest after a few hours in A. clay D. Amoeba B. protein synthesis B. fungus C. The function of endoplasmic reticulum is A. 7. 44. beneficial insects and water D. A large percentage of tropical soils tend to be acidic because they A. contour ploughing D. . 4. spermatophyte C. protozoan 48. sand B. the diploid multicelluar stage is known as A. intracellular transport of materials C. has no cross walls C. humus. Paramylum granules. secondary consumers B. 9. Left-handedness C. Which of the following ecological factors are common to both terrestrial and aquatic habitats? A. rainfall temperature and light C. assist locomotion D. In an agricultural ecosystem. it has a pair each of antennae and antennules C. The hypha of Rhizopus is said to be coenocytic because it A does not contain chlorophyll B. ability to grow in moist habitats.39. Rainfall. pests. sporophyte. stores oil globules. secrete cocoon. animals which feed directly on plants are called A. Pyrenoid. 41.

U B. stomach. vitamin B C.11. collenchyma and epidermis. incomplete. nerve cord and the excretory duct B. allow root growth C. complete. neutralize the acid in water B. vitamin D. prevent photosynthesis in the root. endodermis D. oesophagus. xylem. conduct water and salt D. prevent algal growth in culture solution B. 12. The oxidative part of the respiration process takes place in the A. The pineapple fruit is best described as A. collencyma and epidermis B. pharynx. pith. hermaphroditic with inferior ovary D. xylem. 14. T D. 28. In the standard experiment to show that oxygen is given off during photosynthesis. pith. R. ileum lungs and large intestine. Teeth. increase the volume of urine. stomach. In tapeworm. irregular. 22. liver. S C. succulent and indehiscent B. cambium. protect the plant from injury. the male gametes must swim to fertilize the ovum D. Oesophagus. pistillate with superior ovary. succulent and dehiscent. multiple. concentrate amino acids in the kidney tissue C. Sclerenchyma cells are lignified to A. phloem. duodenum. aggregate. cambium. hermaphroditic with inferior ovary B. 13. Spleen. U 26. cambium. The function of the loop of Henle is to A. Use the information in the graph below to answerquestion 25 and 26 25. strengthen and support the plant B. water is essential because A. Secondary thickening is initiated in a dicotyledonous stem by the A. incomplete. Kill micro-organism in water. they produce spores. sperm duct and the genital pore. endoplasmic reticulum D. secondary phloem C. ribosomes C. vitamin C D. cambium. concentrates sodium chloride in the medulla of the kidney D. succulent and indehiscent C. sperm duct and the nerve cord C. 15. they cannot reproduce without water C. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of snails? A. transport synthesized food C. . regular. excess protein D. endodermis. B. xylem. they live in moist habitats B. golgilbodies. 29. cambium. In the reproduction of mosses. genital pore and the excretory duct D.S D. Which of the following lists of organs is directly involved in nutrition? A. mitochondria B. regular. 24. 19. bronchus. succulent and indehiscent D. supply mineral salts to water plant. The flower shown above is A. parenchyma. One cubic centimeter of lymph is richer than an equal volume of blood A. 23. leucocytes C. Fatigue of leg muscles may occur after riding many kilometers on a bicycle because of A. Chitinous exoskeleton C. Salivary gland. Bilaleral symmetry B. collenchyma and epidermis C. 17. nymph C. D. In demonstrating the importance of mineral elements in the plants. insufficient oxygen. prevent breakdown of mineral elements D. excess carbon dioxide C. amino acid D. phloem. the two structures that run through the length of the body are the A. aggregate. The correct sequence of tissues in the anatomy of a young dicotlydonous stem from the inside to the outside is A. multiple. C. Soft unsegmented body in a mantle. phloem. 20. complete regular. parenchyma and epidermis D. 21.T C. increase the flow of urine B. destruction of crops is caused by the A. villi and colon. caterpillar D. jejunum and rectum. the culture bottle must be darkened to A. vitamin A B. 16. In the life history of a butterfly. xylem. C. glucose. Muscular foot D. The vitamin which is important in the formation of the retina pigments is A. phloem. pancreas and anus B. cortex. sodium bicarbonate is used to A. 27. Which of the plants is likely to be a desert species? A. supply carbondioxide for photosynthesis D. maggot B. erythrocytes B. endodermis. xylem parenchyma B. staminate with inferior ovary C. Which of the plants is likely to have broad leaves with thin cuticle? A R. 18. cortex. insufficient glucose B. collenchyma. pupa.

An example of monohybrid inheritance in man is A. the effect of geotropism D. colour blind mother x normal father C. The process by which lime is added to clay soils is known as A. cerebrum B. Growth can best be determined in a population of Spirogyra by measuring the A. malpighian cells D. wrinkled and yellow D. 41. fungus. cannot stimulate stem elongation D. 31. unequal distribution of auxin C. A severe deficiency of thyroxin results in A. flocculation C. parasitism B. commensalisms C. Nitrifying bacteria are important because they A. Epiphytes growing on the branches of trees provide an example of the relationship known as A. cretinism C. hypothalamus. A gene which expresses itself only in the homozygous condition is A. aprophytism D. Which of the following relates to edaphic factors? A. gigantism. induce the formation of adventitious roots B. total lengths of the filaments B. The centre for controlling body temperature in the brain is the A. 40. diabetes mellitus B. colour blind mother x colour blind father. carrier mother x colour blind father. oxidize ammonium salts to nitrates.30. improve the health and nutrition of children and nursing mothers D. If a plant. 45.3:1 B. malleus and incus. cretinism D. 39. medulla D. virus B. rainfall and humidity D. In which of the following crosses will all the female offspring be colour blind? A. do not affect leaf and fruit abscission C. 38. 33. recessive D. The influence of living organisms on each other. 42. a pericarp fused with the seed coat D. sexual underdevelopment C. prevent and control major diseases B. incus and mallcus D. 46. Most cells in higher animals retain their power of division EXCEPT A. 1:3 C. stapes and incus C. prevent disease outbreak by administering vaccines C. Unlike auxins. Poliomyelitis is an infectious disease caused by A. hyperthyroidism D.YY). incus and stapes B. A flower showing radial symmetry is said to be A. 34. stapes. bacterium D. release nitrogen to the atmosphere B. 32. rate of photosynthesis in the population D. lymphocytes B. the effect of photolysis. germ cells. The plantain reproduces asexually by A. holophytism. monitor environment pollution. pentamerous B. an exended pericarp B. some hairy outgrowths on the pericarp. buds C. protogynous D. round and greenish-yellow. suckers B. convert Atmosphere nitrogen to ammonia C. 49. 50. leaching D. malleus. B. C. The growth of a coleoptile towards unilateral light source is due to A. The sequence of ear ossicles from the fenestra ovalis is A. actinomorphic. Temperature. astigmatism B. is crossed with a wrinkled green type (rr. One of the functions of UNICEF is to A. nerve cells C. malleus. protozoan C. dominant C. A samara differs from a cypsela by having A. 48 36. total widths of the filaments C. a mutant B. spores. 2:1 D. round and yellow C. stapes. 43. rapid rate of photosynthesis B. cerebellum C. lethal. sedimentation B. D carrier mother x normal father. a hard pericarp C. manuring . The structure of the earth’s surface B. homozygous for round and yellow (RR. combine ammonia with nitrogen D. blue and wrinkled B. . protandrous C. The influence of soils on plants and animals. albinism. 37. 47. fragments D. dry weight of the organism. are quite effective as herbicides. gibberellins A. 1:2 44.yy) all of the resulting seed will be A. 35. The ratio of carriers to sicklers in the F1 generation derived from a parental cross of two carriers of haemoglobin S gene is A.

exchange of gases occurs in the A. The following organisms are hermaphrodites EXCEPT A. A. 2. The term ‘Thallophyta’ refers to A. . starch synthesis C. carnivorous diet C.5 D. insects C. 4. Which stage is found in the muscle of an infected pig? A. reproduction C. 8. white blood cell and Amoeba? A. 10. cannines C. premolars D. Euglena and Chlamydomonas share many characteristics EXCEPT A. platyhelminthes B. Spirogyra. Cork-like tissues found only in stems C. aquatic habitat D. water. 4 3 2 1 C. The long and coiled intestine of a young tadpole is an adaptation to its A. 6. protein synthesis B. If the phloem of a healthy plant is killed by heat treatment the A. Cilia D. alkaloids. is inconspicuous B. 5. 7. spiders B. algae and fungi C. jointed. The main waste products formed in plant are A. moluscs D. Which of the following sets of organism represents the correct trend from simple to complex structural organization? 1 Mollusca 2 Platyhelminthes 3 Nematoda 4 Protozoa A. insectivorous habit. Cod liver oil D. ferns and mosses B. The function of ribosomes in cells is A. Which of the following will be first digested if ingested at the same time? A. 9. nutrition B. taenia C. buoyancy C. mosses and liverworts D. earthworm. Movement B. Digestion of proteins. 20. whole plant will die immediately D. molars 19. In the transverse section of the leaf of maize vascular bundles are arranged in A. Use the diagram below to answer quetions 10 and 11 16. 17. it would NOT possess A. 2 At which stage in this cycle can man be infected? B. In the mammalian respiratory system. appendages C. has rhizoids C. 3 B. mobility D. Tissues outside the vascular cambium B. transport of materials D. breathing B. upward movement of salts will cease B. fungi and ferns. snail B. lungs B. herbivorous diet B. swimming D.6. Compound eyes D. Digestion of starch C. bears sexual organs D. 14. Defence C. 21. bronchi C. Insects and millipede have many features in common EXCEPT A. alveoli. Glycolysis B. 3. alternate positions D. Cell membrane. alkaloids and carbondioxide C. Parasitic forms are NOT found among A. Cell wall C. snails. millipedes D. Vacuole B. Digestion of fats and oils D. leaves of the plant will become yellow. Cork-like tissues of old trees. is multicellular. a row B.Biology 1988 1. What is the function of trichocyst in Paramecium? A. irritability.4 C. 23. carbondioxide and oxygen. 5 D. 4 2 3 1. segmented body 15. two circles. Reproduction. 11.4 C. lipid storage. exoskeleton B. Brown tissues never found in primary growth D. one circle C. which of the following will be most seriously affected? A. Cooked rice C. Cooked beans B. The major function of the swim-bladder in fishes is A. nematodes C. Roasted beef. 18. 4 1 2 3 B. If the gall bladder of a mammal is damaged. 13. 22. schistosoma D. diving Which of the following structures is common to Euglena. water. Lung hooks are used for respiration in A. The prothallus of a fern is equivalent to the gemaetophyte generation of a moss because it A. annelids. bronchioles D. Excretion D. food manufacture in the leaves will accumulate C. tannins and resins B. If an animal has diastema. 4 2 1 3 D.6 12. Which of the following statement gives the BEST description of bark? A. incisors B.

liver. 30. 33. helium C. The addition of fertilizer to farmland C. schizocarp B. through the sweat glads. of the root tip B. The turbidity of a pond can be measured using the A. 45. birds B. rubber and banana C. In the kidney the malpighian corpuscle is located in the A medulla B. magnesium D. heart and digestive system.24. hydrogen. Water current D. follicle D. D. it is said to be A. blending inheritance C. transmission of light C. kidneys and digestive system B. flaky barks. protection of the eye ball B. a protective organ. If an organism obtains its food by means of haustoria. 26. coffee and pineapple. Spinal cord. One of the characteristics of plant in the savanna is the A. Which of the following disease can be contracted areas with fast flowing rivers? A. how many of the children will be dark-skinned? A. 32. calcium C. Turbidity 43. nitrogen. heterophytic C. Blood worm. part of the organism is affected. functions as A an excretory organ B. Bulb C. Parasitism D. just above the root tip C. 39. nitrogen. Elephantiasis C. Rhizome D. possession of large tap roots C. oxygen A. Burning of refuse. The mineral nutrient that easily gets leached out of the soil is A. phosphorus B. 27. blood worm and ant-lion. The skin. Sucker 31. cassava . Cerebellum C. 29. interaction of genes D. soil and enzymes B. capsule C. Salinity C. Scion B. In vegetative propagation. 37. the whole organism is affected B. pelvis. Consumption of canned drinks. orange and banana. The radicle of a bean seedling grows most rapidly in the region A. Respiration of living organisms D. production of seedlings on mother plant D. A dry dehiscent fruit which breaks up into one seeded parts is a A. possession of thin. 41. lungs. D.0. back crossing. In a mammal. B. Banana. Onchocerciasis. Medulla oblongata D. Which of the following causes pollution? A. Which of these groups of animals is likely to be found in fresh water? A. heart and nervous system C. Which of these plant groups are normally propagated by asexual means? A Banana. 35. Cerebrum B. potassium. Parenchyma cells serve as supporting tissue when they A. . salt and water. 46. just below the root tip. water C. just around the root tip D. A red . This is an example of A. Airspaces are characteristic of seeds or fruits dispersed A. a respiratory organ C. wind D. Symbiosis. hydrogen . supply of nutrients to tissues of the eye D. Pond skates scorpion and dragonfly larva. pond skater and scorpion B. 47. 34. salt and soil D. contain chloroplasts B. smooth barks B. Saprophytic D. 25. 44. yam. theodolite D. pond skater and dragonfly larva C. complete dominance B. Blood worm.1 D. lungs. Pond skater. Taxism differs from tropism because A. a sensory organ D. hydrometer. What part of the central nervous system is concerned with answering an examination question? A. The most important substances necessary for the maintenance of life are carbon . nitrate. Which of the following has the greatest influence on the distribution of animals in marine and fresh water habitats? A. 38. Schistosomiasis B. it is a response to multi-directional stimuli D. salt and water C. explosive mechanism. cassava. which of the following requires part of another plant to develop? A. secchi disc C. converging light. pH. 40. 42. it is a directional movement C. 28. anaemometer B. B. become flaccid D.coloured flower when crossed with a whitecoloured one produced pink flowers. pineapple and cassava B. Yam. The mineral nutrient that is most bound to the soil is A. become turgid. have crystals C. the placenta performs functions similar to those of the A. Parasitic. Commensalism C. Saprophytism B. phosphorus B. 2 C. legume. cassava. iron D. 3 B. Syphilis D. 48. possession of thick. intestines. 36. If a dark-skinned woman (Bb) marries an albino man (bb) and they have four children. intestines and reproductive system D. cortex D. The main function of the choroid is A. Yam. holophytic B. Which of the following relationship involves only one organism? A. calcium C.

osmosis only B. Which structure is known as the power house of the cell? A. thorax and foot D.4 17. Double fertilization is a unique feature of A. labial palp. . feeling D. fungi C. mosquito D.3 D. Dead plants and animals are decomposed by bacteria and fungi into A. Walking C. mitochondrion vacuole abdomen C. sieve tube D. Possession of a pair of antennae B. C Each segment has a pair of walking legs D. imbibition only. housefly. phosphorus and potassium C. they possess a gut with a single opening C. iron and calcium B. Mollusca Mineral salts can be absorbed into the roots by A. visceral mass and The structure labelled 5 is the A. 2. pericyclic fibre. Which of the structure’s is the molar? A. 8. Which of the following phyla have members with both internal and external segmentation? A. calcium. Algae D.4 14. xylem vessel C. Use the diagram below to answer questions 16 to 17 16. ocellus C.2 C. When a virus is placed in a non-living medium it A. they possess numerous pores on their body D. Which of the labelled parts of the cell contains ribonucleic acid? A. Four pairs of walking legs on the cephalothorax. A characteristic of the phylum coelenterate is that A. osmosis and diffusion C. compound eye B. Web spinning. forms spores C. each companiosn cells is found beside the A. 15. diffusion and active transport D. 5. 4 D. neucleolus B. 3 4.49. angiosperms B. antenna D. The pedipalpi in spiders are used for A. algae. Golgi body C. 10. bryophytes C. What is the function of 3? A. The structure labelled 2 is the A. 6. 5 Use the diagram below to answer questions 13 to 14 3. 7. Biology 1989 Use the figure below to answer questions 1 to 3 1. nitrogen.1 B. A multinucleate body without internal cell boundaries is characteristic of A. The body of a snail is divided into head A. becomes dehydrated B. pteridophytes D. most of them are marine B. 12. grasping B. gymnosperms. Which of the following is a common characteristic of crustaceans? A. Sodium. copper and nitrogen D. 3 D. C. Platyhelminthes B. thorax and abdomen B. algae D. Which of the labelled parts is used for feeling? A.2 C. 13. grasshopper C. butterfly B. 3 D. sodium and phosphorus.1 B. 5 C. 50. 6 B. Tearing of flesh only B. In a dicotyledonous stem. 1 B. Nematoda C. Cutting off large pieces of food. 9. 11. forms flagella D. becomes crystallized. iron. bryophytes B. 2 C. Possession of two pairs of antennae. endodermal cell B. Seizure and tearing of prey Grinding of food D. Most commercial fertilizers are rich in salts of A. they are bilaterally symmetrical. visceral mass and foot.

homozygous D. number of plumules. number of cotyledons B. its stem is the main food storage organ B. sticky stigmas C. Group A serum mixes with Group B erythrocytes C. shed chemicals into the blood stream D. pepsin and trypsinogen B. vegetative propagation. liver C. The components of castor oil seed and the maize grain are similar EXCEPT for the A. binary fission B. evoke rapid responses. The lumbar vertebra when compared with a thoracic vertebra has a A. There will be agglutination when the A. Carries hormones round the body B. location of the embryo C. During cell division. pivot joint B. Distributes heat uniformly round the body D. shorter transverse process. sexual reproduction C. three of them will have group B B. 35. If parents with blood groups AB and OO produce six children A. Aged erythrocytes are destroyed in the A. steapsin and ptyalin. capillaries to the cells. 27. steapsin and trysinogen D. Group A serum mixes with Group A erythrocytes B. 19. 21. the two strands of chromosomes are joined at a point called A. spindle B. cerebellum B. 34. Condyle. hinge joint. budding D. Tongue rolling C. iron. adventitious roots are present 31. anabolism B. cytokinin. 32. Which of the labelled bones is the ulna? A. 28. 39. What is the name of the structure labelled 2? A. buds are absent in the axils of the leaves D. A. 22. Process C. abscisic acid and ethylene B. long styles. involve chemical transmission B. gibberellin. lymph nodes D.18. Patella D. aster. centromere D. development. two of them will have group A C. The irreversible life process by which new protoplasm is added to increase the size and weight of an organism can be termed A. more carbon dioxide and water are taken in C. medulla oblongata. small and short stigmas D. auxin. Colour blindness Use the figure below to answer questions 24 to 26 23. 37. cerebrum C. . 36.5 26. sulphur B. Group B serum mixes with Group B erythrocytes. have widespread effects C.4 D. 3 C. heterozygous B. 25. Wind-pollinated flowers usually have A. Sickle-cell anaemia B. Group AB serum mixes with Group O erythrocytes D. kidney. phosphorus C. 24. abscisic acid and ethylene D. The type of joint at the point labelled 5 is the A. cytokinin and gibberellin. the rate of respiration may equal that of photosynthesis B. A corm differs from a bulb in that A. 33. Conveys aminoacids and glucose from the small intestine to the liver. When the two alleles present in an organism are of the same type. Exponential increase in the population of an organism is a characteristic feature of A. homologous. This is because the soil lacks A. C. ball and socket D. rough pollen grains B. chromatid C. spinal cord D. Skin colour D. ethylene and abscisic acid C. all the offspring will h ave group O D. The seedlings in a rice field were found to have thin lanky growth with reddish leaves and poor root development. thicker centrum D. auxin. A fundamental similarity between nervous and hormonal system is that both A. respiration may be halted D. 1 B. Which of the following is the function of lymph? A. The pancreatic juice contains the enzymes amylopsin. the volume of oxygen released increases. The region that controls most of the unconscious processes of a mammalian body is the A. number of radicles D. 29. growth D. gliding joint C. Which of the following is a sex-linked character? A. If a healthy potted plant is continuously kept in dim of light A. Transport nutrient and oxygen from blood. heterogamous C. Odontoid process B. potassium D. longer neural spine B. Fruit enlargement can be induced by spraying young ovary with A. 30. none of them will have group A. catabolism C. Olecranon B. 38. pancreas B. it has a flattened disc-shaped stem C. 20. the genotype is described as A. wider neural canal C. rennin and steapsin C.

sun to producers C. explosive mechanism.P D. malaria D. 49. B. Coelenterata. 44. reduction in the number of stomata B. water C. syphilis. A physiological adaptation of plants to the problem of excessive water loss is A. 4. Arthropoda B. reversal of the normal stomatal rhythm C. means of a contractile vacuole D. 5g of oven dried soil was heated in a furnace for 24hours. an epiphytic plant D. 43.Q 45. Oral groove B.R C. it weighed 4. bryophytes and pteriodophytes are similar in that they A. producers to primary consumers B. Which of the following is a dangerous product of coal buming? A. ringworm B. Lichen is an example of A. poliomyelitis C. The spores of ferns are dispersed by A.0g per 100g dry soil D. the LEAST efficient energy transfer link is from A. Which of the ways of controlling bilharzia can result in pollution? A Clearing water weeds on which the snails feed. helps to prevent soil erosion B. passing it through the mouth C. sulphur dioxide B. Viruses are considered to be living organisms because they A. carbondioxide C. In which of the habitant will the plants show xeromorphic features most prominently? A. Treating infected people with drugs C. nitrogen. 40. Most irrigated lands often become unproductive in later years because of A.4g per 100g dry soil. Farmers practices crop rotation because it A. topographic B. is an alternative to shifting cultivation 41. a saprophytic organism B. Annelida C.8g what is the amount of humus in the soil? A. possession of shallow roots D. biotic D. 4. ingest food materials 2. . have no vascular tissues C. loss of fertility B. wind B. 3. 47. egesting it through the body surface. Preventing contamination of water by infected urine and faeces D.4g per 100g dry soil C. passing it through the anus B. are sea weeds B. increase in salinity C. Biology 1990 1. 0. Trichoyst C. soil erosion D. edaphic C. insects D. 50. Cilia Hydra removes undigested food by A. possession of waxy cuticle. possess transmittable characters B. Applying chemical to kill the snails. respond to stimulation D. are microscopic plants. carbon D. helps to conserve soil fertility D. Mollusca D. 6. The algae. a symbiotic association C. Which ecological factor exerts the greatest influence on the structure of the profiles? A. a carnivorous plants . primary consumers to secondary consumers D secondary consumers to decomposers.4.X B. loss of water 48. 46. after cooling. allows two crops to be planted at the same time C. require moisture for fertilization D.40.0g per 100g dry soil B. climatic. In an ecosystem. move from one place to another C. 5. Contractile vacuole D. 42. Which of the following characteristics is common to Amoeba and Paramecium? A. Which of the following diseases can be caused by a bacterium? A. Which of the following groups of invertebrates reproduces by budding A.

17. In the tapeworm. 26. During mammalian embryo development. C circulatory system D. amnion C. Starch C.1 29. excretory system. pancreas D. 11. photolysis of water C. movement of food is not affected D. carbondioxide D.2 D. tendons D. The organ which secretes digestive enzymes as well as hormone is the A. sultures. Etiolation is caused by the influence of A. sucking the blood of the host B. the A. light bones C. . respiratory system. A feature which adapts birds to flight is the possession of A.4 B. barometer. In bryophytes. The first step in the process of photosynthesis is the A. Use the figure below to answer questions 8 and 9 19. potometer D. a pointed beak.1 Which of the following animals has homodont dentition? A. Typhoid fever D. Which structure is the glomerulus? A. movement of mineral salts is hardly affected. Yellow fever B. assists in filtering undigested food. alkaloids B. Toad B. 15. 12. ligaments B. assists in mixing digested food D. If a ring of bark and phloem is removed from a stem. leaf scar B. auxiliary bud D. Glucose B. Rat B. The villus in the small intestine is significant because it A. holophytic B. Which of the following cells is thin-walled and living at maturity? A. 28. Which of the following food substances will produce a brick-red colour when warmed with Benedicts’s solution A. umbilical cord B. 22. increases the surface area for absorption B. Collenchyma B. Dysentery C. Which part of the twig produces auxins? A. water C. 5 B. holozoic D. tannims C. Poliomyelitis 16.3 C. Muscles are indirectly attached to bones by means of A. Sieve tube C. Egg white D. large amount of oestrogen and progesterone are produced in the A. Maltose. activation of the chlorophyll B. girdle scar 9. Pigeon. The part labelled 3 is the A. parasitic C. photometer B. Lizard D. formation of sugar.4 C. Sclerenchyma. 27. plant dies immediately B. If the blood is too concentrated. two walking legs D. 24. hygrometer C. Excretory products responsible for the red. 10. Which of the following diseases is rarely spread by a housefly? A. amniotic fluid. spleen. lenticel C. more water is absorbed from A. protonema D. salivary gland C. anthocyanins D. saprophytic. 25. locomotion 13. mineral salts B. the suckers on the scolex are used for A. The mode of nutrition in which digestion is extracelluar is A. placenta D. reduction of carbondioxide D. Lizard C.1. reproductive system B.3 C. reproduction D. scally legs B. The nephridia in the earthworm form part of the A. 5 B. gametophyte B. 21. liver B. increases the surface area for digestion C. holding fast to the host C. sporophyte 18. 14.7. Xylem vessel D. resins. In which of the following does external fertilization take place? A. Use the figure below to answer questions 27 and 28. light. 20. rhizoid C.3 D. Bird D. sex organs are produced in the A. 23. membranes C. 8. Cockroach. plant dies after two days C. 2 D. purple and blue colours of flowers are called A. Transpiration can be measured with a A. Man C.

parietal B. Praying mantis D. 31.winged flies of the gene for the normal wing is dominant? A. all the red blood cell carry antigen B D. the number of chromosomes in each gamete will be A. decreases with increase in micro-organisms D. What would be the result of the first filial generation (F1) and the second filial generation (F2) of a monohydrid cross between pure line normal-winged Disophila? flies and pure line short. Hawk. Hawk C. In a savanna ecosystem. 32. F1 flies all short –winged and F2 flies all normal –winged. increases immediately after rain B. A. compound What stage during cell division is represented in the figure above A.winged D. 42. the abiotic factors include A. B.2 C. In an organism where the 2nd number of chromosomes is 16. An individual in the AB blood group is a universal recipient for blood conation because A. Cowpea C. oxygen and reptile D. which control the formation of haemoglobin.30. water. The type of placentation shown in the figure above is A. all the red blood cells do not carry antigen B. The part of the ear that is concerned with balance is the A. soil and grasses. pathenocarpic C. temperature and soil C.8 D. 45. 4 37.3 D. Haemophilia results from the mutation of the genes A. impulse flows from A. legumes. prophase B. Praying mantis B. 43. rejuvenation D. in the sex chromosomes B. which control the mechanism for blood –clotting D. aggregate D.1 B. 44. 36. hibernation B. 40. 38. anaphase D. 4 to 2 35. telophase 39. Which organism is an omnivore? A. increases during the dry season. Physiological adaptation to very dry condition in animals is called A. The salinity of a brackish environment. F1 flies all normal –winged and F2 flies all short-winged. malleus D. minerals. Grasshopper. free-central. corms B. F1 flies all short-winged and three-quarters of F2 flies are short. Bastachian tube. 32 B. water. F1 flies all normal –winged and three –quarters of F2 flies are normal –winged. B. increases at the end of the rainy season C. Mouse D. 2 to 1 C. 16 C. Mouse. solons. semi-cirular canals B. aestivation C. all the red blood cells carry antigen A C. C. Fruits which develop without fertilization are described as A. 41. Which of the organims will have the lowest population in an ecosystem? A.4 34. All the cell bodies in the spinal cord are found in A. 4 to 1 D. temperature and sandy soil B. marginal C. xeromophism . incus C. The elephant grass is propagated vegetatively by means of A. In a reflex action. suckers D. which control skin colour C. Use the figure below to answer questions 27 and 28. axile D. 33. bulbs C. metaphase C. there are no anti-A and anti-B antibodies in the serum. 1 to 2 B. Use the figure below to answer questions 42 and 43. simple B.

cholera and river blindness. chaeta B. poliomyelitis. Sugar Use the figure below to answer questions 13 and 14. sunflower B. nitrogen fixing bacteria B. malaria. spore dispersal B. bryophyta C. 3. 10 In the earthworm. A pack of cigarettes D. Spirogyra D. bean D. walking B. 12. respiration. diffusion. As the tadpoles develops. Sedimentation B. 14. 49. Which of the following is formed immediately after the first product of photosynthesis? A. mantle C. The structure labelled 5 is used for A. pteridopyta D. remains unchanged.46. Droppings from birds B.. mitochondria C. tentacle D. Water and minerals. swimming D. Which of the following constitutes pollution? A. 13. Starch C. energy production C. 3 D. An acidic soil can be improved upon by A. respiration C. the structure labelled 5 A. 9 One of the features which adopts paramecium to its environment is the possession of A. Protection and carbohydrates. C. denitrifying bacteria D.peristomium D. Pteridophyta D. malaria and tuberculosis D. Bryophyta 7. Angiosperms and gymnosperms belong to the plant group known as A. Free nitrogen is released to the atmosphere by A. 4 5 Sting cells are normally found in A. prostomium C. Loud disco music C. 50. 47. . 8 The annulus of fern sporangium helps in A. flatworms B. Oxygen D. Schizophyta C. becomes shorter C. 15. snails D. swimming C. The structure labelled 4 is for A. attachment C. Which of the following are non-green plants? A Euglena B. water retention. The gill rakers of fishes take part in A. two nuclei C. radula B. clitellum. respiration. Which set of diseases is spread mainly by insect vectors? A. lenticels. Refuse in an incinerator. foot. Leaching C. secretion D. Angiosperms. A wide pith with a ring of conducting tissue is characteristic of the root of A. tuberculosis and sypillis. grows longer B. Biology 1991 Use the figure below to answer questions 1 and 2. The function of maxillipeds in crayfish is to aid A. C. paramecium. tomata B.1 B. cholera.4 2. Which of the following structures is associated with aerobic respiration? A. trapping of light energy D. feeding B. 6 Which of the following are differentiated into true roots. the cocoon is secreted by the A. 48. conduction of mineral salt C. B. breathing roots have A. becomes the hind legs D. Lipid B. excretion D. 11. 1. 16. spermatophyta. Flocculation D. 17. a regular shape B. saprophytic bacteria. To facilitate gaseous exchange. stems and leaves? A. protein synthesis B. What do bacteria in root nodules derive from the host plant? A. cholera. The respiratory organ in the land snail is the A. a pellicle. maize C. schizophyta B.2 C. Carbohydrates and water D. cilia D. Watering. okra. feeding D. tenia and gonorrhoea. Protection and minerals B. Algae B. Fungi C. feeding B. hydra C. cuticle D. excretion. nitrifying bacteria C.

a phototrophic movement. 30. Reduced humidity. vena cava C. carbohydrate and lipid is A. 6 B. Gregor Mendel C. a simple fruit. Thomas Morgan B. The exchange of genes between homologous chromosomes is called A. Charles Darwin D. spleen C. Which of the following characters is NOT sex-linked? A. groundnut. fall in Y. pulmonary vein B. 20. hydrogen B. 34. The greatest contribution to genetic studies was made by A. active diffusion D.4 C. Which of the following is a plant excretory product? A. lung. liver D. glycogen D. The movement of the whole organism to an external stimulus is termed A. Atlas B. Epigeal germination can be found in A. Lumbar Dissection showing the Abdominal Cavity of a rat 18. circulation of blood D. Vegetative propagation is described as asexual reproduction because A. rise in X only B. Reduced wind speed D. back cross C. storage of vitamins.2 D. 28. tropism B. be the same in X and Y D. In living cells. Amino acids. The process by which water moves from X to Y through the semi-permeable membrane is called A. cement B. deamination of proteins B. storage of sperms C. 33. millet D. 39. 23. the F2 generation only C. kinin. enamel. insufficient oxygen may cause a breakdown of glucose into A. fatty acids B. neither the F1 nor F2 generation. dentine C. Which of the following can bring about the greatest increase in the rate of transpiration? A. Use the figure below to answer questions 25 and 26. activation of sperms. When two heterozygotes mate. gibberellin C. Haemophilia D. 36. 38. sorghum B. the F1 generation only B. 25. carbondioxide. subclavian vein . osmosis C. insulin D. new individuals are not formed C. After 30 minutes. pulmonary artery D. lactic acids C. reproductive organs are not involved B.Use the figure below to answer questions 18 and 19. thyroxin B. 40. Cytokinin C. test cross B. Axis C. osmoregulation. 35. absorption of nutrients into the blood takes places in the part labeled A. a nastic movement D. A dwarf plant can be stimulated to grow to normal height by the application of A. many new plants are produced D. 27. maize C. crossing –over D. Deoxygenated blood flows into the right and left lungs through the A.3 D. expulsion of urine B. Oil B. Thoracic D. Which of the following vertebrate lays a centrum? A. detoxication of substances D. In the digestive system.1 B. Increased humidity B. 31. sulphur C. . The crown of the mammalian tooth is covered with A. The gland which produces trypsin. The element common to protein. a schizocarp D. The function of the epididymis in mammals is the A. both the F1 and F2 generations D. Fibriongen and prothrombin play important roles in the A. clotting of blood C. the level of sugar solution the above figure will A. nitrogen D phosphorus. 22. caries D. a multiple fruit B.2 C. 37. an aggregate fruit C. Resin D.1 32. there is no exchange of genetic materials. One of the accessory organs of the digestive system is the A. 21. Baldness. C. mutation. rise in Y only C.4 19. Colour Blindness . Reduced temperature C. 24. 26. amylase and lipase is labelLed A. A collection of achenes formed from several carpels of a flower is A. Robert Hooke. River blindness B. 29. the dominant trait will appear in A. diffusion B. a taxis C. kidney B.

2. II was wiped out from the environment at the end of the experiment. has tentacles. The population of I was higher than II at the beginning of the experiment. has a mouth. Possession of claws C.prey relationship D. A tissue can best be defined as. ribosome C. tapeworm is parasitic B. The most important factors which influence an organism’s way of life in its habitat are A. are multicellular B. tapeworm feeds by suckers D. temperature of the habitat. The above diagram represents a competitive interaction between organisms in communities I and II. 43. an aggregate of similar cells B. Nitrogen –fixing micro-organisms in leguminous plants live symbiotically in the A. Which of the following statement is CORRECT? A. acid rain and pesticides C. sewage. Spore thallus spermatozoa + ovumsporangium D. it contains more organisms B. 47. A. every organism has an alternative food source. Symphilis B. it has greater energy source C. reproduce sexually D. underground seepages and run-off C. C. have developed a mesoderm C. producers and saprophytes. endoplasmic reticulum B. light and predator. a mixture ofdifferent cell types performing the same function. C. leaching. tap roots C. tapeworm is triploblastic C. branch roots D. Fertilizers are lost from the soil through A. 46. water. Which of the following diseases can be prevented by innoculation? A. The undergrowth increases D. Which of the following is likely to occur in a deciduous forest during the dry season? A. duration of sunlight B. The ground becomes bare. Which of these is NOT an adaptive feature for arboreal life? A. it is not easy to destroy D. temperature. reproduce asexually. The essential structural difference between Hydra and tapeworm is that while Hydra. 45. industrial chimneys. Spore prothallus thalluss porangium. producers and consumers D. Organisms in an ecosystem are usually grouped according to their tropic level as A. root nodules B. B. The population of II was always lower than that of I D. an aggregate of cells performing a similar function C. New leaves are formed B . A. Possession of teeth D. 3. consumers and parasites C. carnivores and epiphytes B. A food web is more stable than a food chain because. 44. The organelle involved in tissue respiration is the A. the physical and biotic environment B. tapeworm has mesogloea. sulphur dioxide. intensity and duration of rainfall. has mesoderm. 4. 42. 50. B. Biology 1992 1. C. 5. Male and female gamentangia zygospore sporangium spores. Counter shading in coat colour. 6. Sources of air pollutants are A. vehicle exhausts and aerosols D. sheet erosion.41. A. A major difference between platyhelminthes and coelenterates is that platyhelminthes A. Which of the following correctly summarizes the life cycle of a fern plant? A. food and water availability C. . The population of I was lower at the end of the experiment than at the beginning. burning fossil oils and river dams B. competition for food and space. Prothallus spermatozoid + egg cell leafy plant sporangium spore. is diploblastic. mitochondrion. Tuberculosis D. smoke and old vehicles. root hairs. an aggregate of similar cells performing the same function D. The flowering period of plants in a habitat is determined by the A. sulphur mines. golgi body D. 48. wind erosion and heavy rainfall. gully erosion and wind erosion D. relative humidity of the atmosphere D. 49. sheet erosion and evaporation B. Possession of a long tail B. Acquired immuned Deficiency Syndrome. C. The trees die off. Malaria fever C.

The function of the part labeled 1 is to A. Double fertilization in higher plant is significant because it ensures the A. trachea C. lower epidermis. hepatic vein C. hepatic portal vein D. nerve fibre. 17. Melanin and kerantin are produced in the part labelled A. elongation of the epicotyl. Termite C. fat D. . 9. The structure labelled Y is the A. hepatic artery B. odontoid process B. 26. lipase and pepsin B. bend the bones at the joint D. nephirdium. bears many buds at the nodes. development of the seed D. malpighian tubule C. Gaseous exchange in Aves occurs in the A. development of the fruit. C. emergence of the plumule out of the ground B. secrete a fluid which lubricates the joint B. Ptyalin. 7. bronchi C. lack roots C. oesophagus B. marcronucleus D. Housefly D. guard cells. ligament C. cartilage B. blood vessel D. hold the joint in place.2 B. 16. protein. 11. sweat gland B. Rennin. synovial fluid D. lipase and trypsin. 8. 27. tracheoles B. 22. surcrase and lipase D. the pyruvic acid produced during glycolysis is converted to Co2 and A. The bone of the neck on which the skull rests is known as the A. The structure labeled X is used by the organism in the same way as man uses his A.. Maltase.3 C. ethanol D. 12. intestine. 23. Amylase. starch C. Use the figure below to answer questions 23 and 24. facilitate the process of excretion in the foetus. The blood vessel which carries blood from the alimentary canal to the liver is the A. The flow of air and water in or out of the mesophyll layer of a leaf is controlled by the A. The structure labelled 5 is the A. An onion is a bulb because it A. 10. 21. Use the figure below to answer questions19 and 20. 13. the function of the yolk is to A. attach muscles to the bones at the joint C. has a tuberous stem B. Which enzymes are contained in the pancreatic juice? A.4 D5. 18. 5cm3 dilute sodium hydroxide solution and 5cm3 one percent copper sulphate solution are added to a solution of food specimen. stomata B. citric acid. air spaces D. The major site of photosynthesis in the leaf is the A. has a reduced stem and thick fleshy leaves C. upper epidermis D. water B glycerol C. provision of nourishment by the endosperm C. acts as the shockabsorber to the foetus C. mosquito B. flame cell D. Moth. have no leaves B. stomach D. The purple colour which is observed shows the presence of A. bone. formation of a fertile embryo B. mesophyll parenchyma C. 14. supply air to the embryo D. mesenteric artery. In the absence of oxygen. erepsin and trypsin. 20. air sacs D. contractile vacuole. Hydrogeal germination scharacterized by the A. 15. kidney B. palisade parenchyma B. formation of a fertile embryo and the endosperm C. lack of chlorophyll. atlas D. food vacuole B. has adventitious roots D. axis C. glucose B. Which of the following insects undergoes incomplete metamorphosis? A. In mammalian development. occipital condyle. lenticels C. sebaceous gland C. 24. nucleolus C.Use the figure below to answer question 7 and 8. The part labeled 3 is the A. supply nutrients to the embryo B. The excretory organ in insect is the A. trachea. 25. 19. are filamentous D. Fungi are heterotrophic because they A. elongation of the hypocotyl D.

2Rr. the genes occur on both the X and Y chromosomes. RR. parasitized along the food chain as consumers get bigger. the organisms become progressively A. vegetataive propagation is the best form of reproducion for all crops D. Pawpaw seeds collected from a tree with many desirable agronomic qualities did not give rise to plants of desirable characters as the parent because A. parthenocarpic. multiple C. If the offspring had red fur and short ears. 31. Tadpole. Which of the following is true of a climax community? A. characters are linked B. parents are not related. N. H. A mammal with red fur and long ears was crossed with another having white fur and short ears. All their daughters will be carriers.rr B. Use the figure below to answer question 29 and 30 29. 37. AB D. the DNA D. efferent neurons C. uncontrolled out-crossing can introduce unwanted variability C. 2RR. 34. because the trait is sex-linked B. parents are related D. the offspring of the cross between RR and Rr are A. Which of the following is true of the children of a haemophilic man who marries a woman that is not haemophilic and does not carry the trait? A. 2RR. where a river meets the sea C. thick barks and broad leaves D. on a mud flat near the sea. It changes drastically from one year to the next C. then the A. 40. B. the invasion of the red blood cells by the trophozoiters D. B. A B. D. the multiplication of the malarial sporozoites in the liver. 45. Which part of the curve represents the fastest rate of growth? A. protein C. Fruits which develop without fertilization of the ovule are A. rough leaves and shallow root system. 4Rr. 36. characters are not linked C. It persists until the environment or climate changes. carbohydrate . Use the figure below to answer questions 35 and 36. L C. 43. Women do not suffer from colour blindness A. 2Rr D. A child with blood group genotype different from those of both parents and with a mother of genotype OO. 35. B. where two rivers meet. 42. The grand period of growth is represented by A. on a sea shore with flat terrain B. behave in the same way B. the genes are recessive and sex-linked D. All theirs sons will be carriers. Mangrove swamp can be found A. relay neurons. Algae. sand D. A population is defined as a collection of similar organisms that A. D. clay C. Neurons that receive stimuli from the body or internal organs are called A. All their sons will be haemophilic. 38. OO. 47. larger and fewer along the food chain D. motor neurons D. Shark. can only have a father of genotype A.28. It is the first stage in succession. D. N B.2rr C. eat the same food. aggregate D. D. toxins released into the blood as a result of the destruction of red blood cells B. 39. interbreed freely C. Tilapia. Which level of the pyramid has the least total stored energy? A. the R N A B. gravel. are found in the same habitat D. equal in number and size along the food chain C. false B. seeds were not physiologically mature at harvest. L. M C. C. 46. F C. Soil with the finest particles is called A. Malaria symptoms are caused by A. . K. B C. It is made up of the tallest trees and the smallest animals. fleshy tissues and reduced leaves B. The hereditary material of the cell is A. 33. Which organism in the pyramid functions as a tertiary consumer? A. If R and r denote the genes for a character. E B. C. smaller and more numerous along the food chain B. broad canopy and extensive surface root system C. 30. G D. C. seeds are not reliable for propagating plants B. D. sensory neurons B. 41. D. the development of merozoiters into gametocytes. In typical predator food chain involving secondary and tertiary consumers. silt B. 32. An example of plant adaptation to a xerophytic environment is represented by the development of A. only men are colour blind C. All their daughter will be haemophilic. K B. 44. M.

5. Darwin and Wallace C. Leaves. starch. Fossil records found in sedimentary rocks offer some explanation for the theory of evolution because A. 4. 16. only organisms with strong parts are fossilized D. Which of the labeled parts is the diastema? A. 12. Roots C. cortex. the deposits have remains of organisms characteristic of when they were formed B. 15. 4 D. 5à3à2à1à4. Stage 3 breathes A. D.48. Biology 1993 Use the figures below to answer questions 10 and 11 1. proteins C. C. Absence of flower B. it pollinates flower of crops and other plants. explosive mechanism. Which of the following factors is LEAST likely to affect the animals living in a fresh water habitat? A. 14. 3. with the external gills C. grasses B. In which of these features do bryophytes differ from pteridophytes? A. This indicated the presence of A. 8. 7. phoem C. 6. The most successful group of animals in terms of diversity of species is A. through the skin. calcium. Flame cells are the A. Chromosomes D. Which of the following organs or cell components are common to both the sporophyte and the gametophyte of a fern? A. most animals and plant fossils bear little resemblance to present day living specimens. Rhizoids B. Chloroplasts D. it sucks nectar from flowers C. excretion and photosynthesis? A. Amoeba. On what structures are the units of inheritance situated? A. mammalia D. . mollusca B. excretory and respiratory system of flatworms C. 50. Osmic acid boiled with a solution of food substance gave a black precipitate . B. different strata have remains of organisms of the same kind C. In which of the following organisms would glycogen be stored? A. Spirogyra. iron D. Mendel and Lamarck. Spirogyra. fats and oils B. cambium D. Wallace and Mendel D. Endoplasmic reticulum. 3 C. xylem B. 10. playthehelminthes. 9. nutrition. Interveinal chlorosis is normally associated with the deficiency of A. of its use in scientific studies B. legumes D. Chlamydomonas. Golgi bodies B. D. magnesium B. Turbidity B. pH. it adds to the beauty of the environment D. Ribosomes C. with the lungs B. 2à1à3à4à5 D. Magnifera. Manufactured food in the plants is transported through the A. growth. The theory of natural selection was developed by A. potassium C. insects D. 1 à2à3à4à5 B. Rattus D. Presence of a vascular system. Euglena C. arthropoda C. 2 B. with the internal gills D. 11. Which of the following is the correct order of the development stages? A. Temperature C. amino acids D. Dependence on water for reproduction D. 6. Alternation of generation C. water B. In which of the following organisms does a single cell perform all the function of movement . 13. The spores of mucus are dispersed by A. Paramecium B. palms. Lamarck and Darwin B. Salinity. excretory system of flatworms. 5à1à3à2à4 C. excretory system of flatworms D. conifers C. The butterfly is of great economic importance because A. 2. excretory system of worms B. 49. wind C. Production of naked seeds is a distinctive feature of the group of plant called? A.

digested food from all the body tissues. 35. The function of the structure labelled G is to A. 6. protect the young leaves form sunlight. constrict to reduce the amount of blood flowing to the skin. fatty acids and glycerin. spinal cord and spinal nerves. After circulation in the lungs. 24. the cotyledons are carried above the soil because A.17. C. both grow at the same rate D. 1 B. Carnivorous plants are usually found in area A. Members of the phylum Protozoa use the contractile vacuole A. D. 31. carry out initial photosynthesis for the seedling B. Ecosystem D. 33. In the mammal. constrict to increase the amount of blood flowing to the skin. The bright colours of the comb and feathers in the peacock are for A. for movement C. geotropism. rabbit C. C. Axis atlas thoracic lumbar cervical sacral B. the automonic nervous system consists of A. 22. C. the blood returns to the left auricle through A. D. C. The end products of the digestion of fats and oils in mammals are A. 25. serve as landing stage for insects D. Macronucleus undergoes division D. Which of the following is the correct order of the vertebrae along the spinal column? 4 A. excretory materials from tissues B. amino acids and glucose C. D. The main function of blood in mammals is to transport A. His blood pressure would decrease. 3 C5 D. His weight would increase appreciably. . Biome. phototropism C. with low pH D. the epicotyls out grows the radicle. Ecological niche. Oval window ossicles ear drum B. 32. sympathetic and parasympathetic systems. The response shown by the tips of the root and shoot of a plant to the stimulus of gravity is A. brain and spinal nerves C. The main function of the petal of a flower is to A. B. 6 21. Blood is pumped into the right ventricle by the contraction of the auricle wall through A. oxygen to the lungs. ear drum oval window ossicles. 34. to remove excess food B. Habitat. Micronucleus disintegrates. Each ex-conjugant divides only once. 23. 29. haptropism B. where insects are abundant. 4 D. carbondioxide from lungs to tissues C. dog 27. dilate to increase the amount of blood flowing to the skin B. to remove excess water. B. In H. C. the epicotyl grows faster than the hypocotyl B the hypocotyl grows faster than the epicotyl C. brain and cranial nerves D. B. B. 20. hydrotropism D. The lower jaw is typical of a A. Ear drum ossicles oval window. which are deficient in oxygen C. Ossicles ear drum oval window. C. When it is cold. Axis cervical thoracic sacral lumbar. protect the flower while still in bud C. dilate to reduce the amount of blood flowing to the skin D. protect the young leaves form insect. maltose and fatty acids B. which are deficient in nitrate B. B. attract pollination agents. 18. Which of the following is TRUE of the process of conjugation in Paramecium? A. 4 C. 28. sex differentiation B. beauty C. sheep B. the blood vessels of the skin A. protect the inner parts from desiccation. What is the term used to describe the sum total of biotic and abiotic factors in the environment of the organism? A. Atlas cervical axis thoracic lumbar sacral. defence. 26. fatty acids and fructose D. 1 B. protect the young leaves from mechanical damage C. courtship D. Atlas axis cervical thoracic lumbar sacral D. The glycogen content of the liver would increase. Use the diagram below to answer questions 19 and 20 Use the diagram below to answer questions 29 and 30 The mammalian heart 19. for digestion D. Each micronucleus divides twice. 5 D. 30. Which path does sound entering the human ear follow? A. cat. What would happen to a man whose pancreas has been surgically removed? A. The level of blood sugar would increase. D.

Two organisms of different species. Plants adapted for life in salty marsh are called A. protozoa. Important abiotic factors which affect all plants and animals in the habitat are A. Pigeon. The most important physical factor which affects an organism living in the intertidal zone of the seashore is A. Primary producers. Secondary consumers. homeostatic 50. nucleus. temperature and turbidity B. food vacuole C. D. constricting the blood vessels B. Frog D. combining with haemoglobin D. Tongue rolling C. Similar antigens react with C. salinity and wind direction D. Biology 1994 1. Green plants are distinguished from other living organisms by their ability to A. yearly mono cropping B. The soil swallowed by the earthworm to form the worm cast is ground up in the A. 2. make use of water B. rupturing the blood vessels. Which group plants would be the first colonizers in an ecological succession changing rocks to soil? A Mosses. Fish C. temperature. parasites B. Which is the correct order in an evolutionary sequence for the following plant groups? A. viruses D. 40. xerophytes B. 48. Grasses. homoiothermic C. Microscope B. Carbon monoxide poison tissues by A. manufacture their own food. B. What ecological condition favors the breeding of black flies? A. Fresh water habitat B. Which of the following is an example of discontinuous variation observed in man? A. symbiots D. B. avoiding artificial manures. 3 heterozygous smoo th : 1 wrinkled 49. 39. Thermometer C.36. poikilothermic B. 6. In Amoeba. Soil fertility can be conserved and renewed by A. Water in ponds and swamps C. 43. bacteria B. gizzard.rainfall and relative humidity C. 44. Bat B. At which trophic level would the highest accumulation of a non-biodegrable substance occur? A. pH B. 4. 38. Skin colours B. halophytes D. Primary consumers. Which of the following instruments is NOT used in measuring abiotic factors in any habitat? A. In the illustration above. autorophs . 5. two different antigens react with each other D. commensals C. agglutination may occur when A. 1 heterozygous smooth : 2 homozygous smooth: 1 wrinkled B. B. . nuclear membrane D. 2 homozygous smooth : 2 wrinkled D. 42. Bacteria mosses algae ferns seed plants. Contrasting antigens react with contrasting antibodies B. Bacteria ferns mosses algae seed plants C. Lichens D. living in close association but not dependent on each other are referred to as A. mouth D. Bacteria algae mosses ferns seed plants D. 45. the genotypes of the offsprings are A. Cold blooded animals are referred to as A. 46. Bacteria ferns algae mosses seed plant. 47. temperature and rainfall. polythermic D. respond to sunlight D. osmoregulation is carried out by the A. Body weight D. killing the cells C. tonoplast C. plasmalemma B. pseudopodium B. Water in small containers D. The membrane surrounding the vacuole in a plant cell is called the A. 37. The smallest living organisms which share the characteristics of both living and non-living matter are A. prostosium C. Height. wave action D. 3. endoplasmic reticulum. bush burning to remove unwanted debris D. make use of oxygen C. Hygrometer D. Wind vane. Fast flowing stream. hydrophytes B. Which of the organism has lost the pentadactyl limb structure? A. contractile vacuole D. crop rotation and cover crops C. two different antibodies react with each other. 1 homozygous smooth : 2 heterozygous smooth 1 wrinkled C. salinity C. 41. C. clitellium B. Tertiary consumers. During blood transfusion. Ferns C. epiphytes. fungi C.

nitrogen C. porosimeter B. Use the diagram below to answer questions 11 and 12 11. osmosis B. auxanometer. The dental formula I 3 C1 pm4 m2 is that of a 3 1 4 3 A. oxygen B. measurement of respiratory rates in living organisms C. I. Which of the following combinations differentiates a bony fish from a cartilaginous fish? I Presence of gills. haemocoelic C. III. The part labeled J is called A. J C. 19. II Absence of gill slits III Possession of bony skeleton IV Possession of laterally compressed body V Possession of dorso ventrally compressed body A. III and V. transporting water. Carbondioxide B. convert ammonia to A. The activity of ptyalin of ptyalin is likely to decrease with an increase in the concentration of A. The nitrifying bacteria. The phloem parenchyma is sometimes used for A. 1 B. B. B. manometer D. 18. dog 15. The most appropriate title for the set up is A. acid. The covering of the body by thin film of shine. 7 and 8. turgidity D. closed. comparison between photosynthesis and respiratory D. nitric acid C. nitrites B.II and II. D. biting and sucking D. single D. plasmolysis C. 8. III. Starch is usually stored in the part labelled A. quantitative measurement of respiration in plants and animals B. 16. 17. The failure of transport and respiratory systems in plants as well as the presence of reddish colour in stems and leaves result from the deficiency of A. 22. potassium D. open B. B. production of the sieve tube D. L. C. supporting the stem C. Alkaloids. The possession of a streamlined shape B. Which of the following waste products in plant is excreted through the stomata and lenticels? A. II. D. haemolysis. 10. protein D. Which of the labeled part allows for efficient absorption of water and mineral? A. man D. II. The possession of a caudalfin. 14. IV. The mouth part of the insect is adapted for A. 13. comparison of respiratory rates in plants and animals. Tannins D. phosphorus. biting and chewing B. magnesium B. 12. nitrous oxide. Head of a cockroach The part used for feeling is labelled A. Which is the most important adaptation of a bony fish to life in water? A. 9. . D. C. food storage B. II C. C. 20. III and IV. 21. suckling and chewing C. I. rabbit C. Nitrosomonas. A circulatory system that does not allow mixing of oxygenated and de-oxygenated blood in mammalian heart is referred to as A. D. The process by which a red blood cell placed in distilled water absorbs until it bursts and releases its contents into the surrounding is known as A. porometer C.Use the diagram below to answer questions 7. Anthocyanins. nitrates D. III and IV. I. I. IV. piercing and sucking. The presence of overlapping scales C. Use the diagram below to answer questions 19 and 20. K D. goat B. starch C. II.

after every mitotic division C. 2 C. caudal D. on the retina B. 1 4 5 3 2 D. Lizards are more likely to survive hazards than dogs. 25. Use the list of ecological constituents below to answer questions 30 and 31 1. meiosis comes A. In a drought situation. Items 1-4 can be regarded as A. III D. aeration level D. population C. What is the most appropriate deduction that could be made form the graph? A. Mango 2.8. 32. Rock 23. 3 2 4 5 1. In animals. Temperature 6. The differences and similarities among living things account for A. The neural arch is labelled A. fertility B. D. People who suck petrol with their mouths run the risk of increasing in their blood the concentration of A. 4 37. behind the retina D. The lizard’s body temperature varies with that of the dog. (4) Grasshopper. (5) Lizards is A.7. D. calyx B. evolution. The part of the brain that controls heart beat and breathing is the A. (3) Snakes. 5. 33. capillarity C. 3. reduced biochemical activities B. II C. climax community 38. C. iron B.6. 34. The fleshy base of a flower to which the different floral parts are attached is known as A. on the blind spot. IV. pH level. before every mitotic division. few scattered trees within dense layer of grasses and found in Kano and Katsina States is A. magnesium. cerebellum C. cerebral hemisphere D. a community C. 3 0. stability C. competition D. 4. an ecosystem D.5. D. olfactory lobe B. primary producers D. rhizopus and bacteria C. hypothalamus. The graph shows the relationship between the body and atmospheric temperatures for dog and lizard. a niche. Ecological sucession ends with the formation of a stable A. cervical. The physical factors are represented by A. Use the list of blomes below toanswer questions 35 and 36. B. thoracic C. 1 B. lumbar B. A biome with a low annual rainfall. 4. in front of the retina C. B. Speargrass 3. secondary consumers B. 4 36. enhanced microbial activities D. Which of the following sets is made up of decomposers? A. When a short-sighted person views a distant object without spectacles. The dog’s body temperature is independent of the external temperature. 27. 6. Earthworm. 35. calcium D.Use the diagram below to answer questions 23 and 24. plants suffer from water stress which could result in A. earthworm and protozoa B. 28. Desert 2. 1 B. Rain forest 3. I.7.1.7. The correct order in a food chain involving the organisms (1) Grasses. The vertebra illustrated is A. primary consumers. (2) Hawks. 24. 2 C. D. 41. after fertilization B. the image is formed A. Beans 7. thalamus D. Goat 5. Rhizopus. tertiary consumers C. 1. Southern Guinea savannah 4. The organisms with the least number of individuals in a pyramid of numbers are the A. reduced phototropic activities. Both animals maintain a constant body temperature C. 29. A biom where small mammals undergo aestivation for long periods is A. lead C. . 3. B. Water. earthworm and nematodes D. 26. 31. medulla oblongata. The water-retention capacity of a soil indicates its A. enhanced chemical activities C. 40. Sheep 8. Mushroom. 39. a population B. Northern Guinea savannah. nich B. pioneer community D.5. sepals C. diversity B. 1 2 3 4 5 B. 5 4 3 2 1 C..8. sedges and platyhelminthes. before fertilization D. Bacteria.

desert C. Nucleus B. Golgi apparatus and endoplasmic reticulum. tail D. Rat. Which of the following insects lays its eggs in horny. One common characteristic of fungi. 8. skin which conserves moisture D. TQR. incubation D. A man who has the trait for colour blindness marries a normal woman. Termite. Plague. Their father has blue eyes and their mother has brown eyes. purse-like cases? A. Use the diagram below to answer question 4 and 5 . veins which transport fluid of constant temperature to all body tissues. 25% and 25% D. Which of the following is transmitted through mosquito bite? A. 3. Filariasis. II C. TqR. If a homozygous brown-eyed girl has a brother with blue eyes . tQr D. Nucleolus and centrioles B. Which of the following organelles are likely to be present in cells that are actively respiring and photosynthesizing? A. 5.42. reproduce sexually by conjugation C. deactivation. anorexia C. thick skin B. Which of the following does a virus have in common with animal cells? A. arboreal habitat D. D. A phenomenon by which an animal goes into a state of dormancy during the dry season is called A. 44. what are the likely phenotypes of their parents’ eye colour? (Eye colour is not a sex-linked trait). In the gene locus for eye colour in humans. If a woman’s genotype is Tt Qq Rr. D. Fish D. DNA C. Birds maintain their body temperature with the help of their A. Typhus. 25%. carriers and normal respectively? A. show alternation of generations B. Breathing root is an adaptation for survival in the A. Secondary thickening in dicotyledonous stem is controlled by the A. Biology 1995 1. Cytoplasm. 4. what would be the gene content of her eggs? A. C. 10. V. phloem C. pentadactyl limb C. I B. 7. 2. 46. Butterfly. III C. Both parents have brown eyes. the allele for brown eyes is dominant over the allele for blue eyes. B. 50% and 25% C. hibernation B. D. Mosquito. Their mother has blue eyes and their father has brown eyes. blood which maintains constant temperature B. 50%. anaemia B. 9. Both parents have blue eyes. IV D. II B. aestivation C. B. secure its mate D. The anatomical evidence usually used in support of all evolutionary relationship among whales. 45. S and are heterozygous recessive D. humans.5%. tQr. Red coloration on the head of a male lizard helps it to A. C. defend itself. A. A and are heterozygous recessive C. Protein-like bodies are borne on the part labelled A. 37. mangrove swamp B. cambium D. People with sickle-cell anaemia have haemoglobin A. 25% and 50% B. C. The sexual reproductive functions is performed by the part labelled A. algae. TQr tqr B. Lizard. 49. V 6. C. B. birds and dogs is the possession of A. IV D. epidermal structures. xylem B. Mitochondria and chloroplast. S and are homozygous recessive B. 47. C. tqr C. possess chlorophyll II in their tissues. camouflage in the environment C. pericycle.5% and 37. Glycogen D. 25%. Cockroach. produce spores that are dispersed D. mark its territory B. savanna. A and are homozygous recessive. In which of the following vertebrates does the skin function as a respiratory surface? A. Lysosomes and ribosomes D. TQR. Schistosomiasis. Frog. The sex-linked defect in which very slight cut produces severe bleeding is known as A. B. 43. 50. haemolysis . mosses and ferns is that they A. What percentage of their children would be sufferers. feathers which cover the body C. haemophilia D. 48.

upper side of the shoot D. the sharing of trophic energy is in the form that the A. Vitamin K C. The excretory structure in the earthworm is the A. a primary consumer as well as a secondary consumer. the substrate should be a medium of A. Plasma C. 14. Use the diagram below to answer questions 28 and 29 19. contracts and the triceps muscle relaxes B. 20. secondary consumer takes up all the energy contents of the primary consumer C. protoplasm of an organism B. thyroid gland C. D. Which of the following must be present for this reaction to occur? A. 18. seed coat and fruit wall are impermeable. placentation. The end product of glycolysis in plants and animals is A. intercellular spaces. secondary consumer gets only a small portion of the energy contained in the primary producer. 13. Which of the following ions is involved in the conduction of the nerve impulse? A. relaxes and the triceps muscle contracts C. 27. adrenal gland B. the biceps muscle A. motor neurone. guard cells D. kidney. 17. aspartic acid D. citric acid C. flame cell C. The diagram represents A. marginal C. mammary gland D. sensory neurone C. copulation C. nephridium D. testa and pericarp are separate B. Vitamin C. 16. water lily D. 15. malic acid.11. Leucocytes D. hibiscus C. relay neurone D. clay soil. saw dust C. auxins accumulate on the A. optic lobe B. parathyroid gland. . Lymph B. Mg2+. C. central 22. 32. energy is shared equally between the three groups of organism. C a2+ B. Use the diagram below to answer questions 21 and 22. axon B. terminal dendrites D. fertilization D. malpighian tubule B. The part labelled X is the A. 29. 31. 23. The mammalian organ which acts both as a digestive and as an endocrine organ is the A. secchi disc C. Chlorophyll and enzyme. synapse. washed and sand B. H+ D. air circulates round plant tissues via the A. oesophagus B. The type of placentation shown is A. In an experiment to investigate the effect of nitrogen on the growth of plants. number of organisms C. 24. pyruvic acid B. The process of walking is under the control of the part of the brain called A. liver C. The equation above represents a part of the light stage of photosynthesis. An example of a plant having the placentation shown is A allamander B. 25. D. spleen. Vitamin B12. When a healthy shoot of a flowering plant is illuminated from one side. hydrometer D. pancreas D. primary consumer has more energy than the primary producer B. Which of the following is NOT involved in the transport of substances in the body? A. meiosis B. olfactory lobe C. 2H20 -2H2 + O2(g). cell body C. axial B. Vitamin A B. In a food chain involving a primary producer. anemometer. afferent neurone B. 28. testa and pericarp are fused D. non-illuminated side of the shoot B. cow dung D. lenticels B. Enzyme and light energy. lower side of the shoot. During the bending of the arm. photometer B. Erythrocytes. D. 30. The depth of illumination in a water body can be measured with a A. illuminated side of the shoot C. Which vitamin plays an important role in blood clotting? A. medulla oblongata. 12. parietal D. and the triceps muscle contract D. cerebellum D. and the triceps muscle relax. seed and endocarp are fused C. carbondioxide and light energy. development of form. The gland directly affecting metabolic rate. Light energy and chlorophyll II. 26. K+ C. size of an organism D. stomata C. pride of Barbados. The term caryopsis is used to describe a fruit in which the A. B. growth and development is known as A. During respiration. Biological growth refers strictly to an increase in the A. The sex of a foetus is determined during A. 21.

mitochondrion C. its amount remains more or less constant because A. 2. Birds. C. emergent species. B. C. carbon monoxide B.33. 60 C. 120.A. Which of the following is a measure for the control of bilharzias? A. it is absorbed in ocean water D. In spite of the removal of carbondioxide from the atmosphere. smoke. Golgi body B. gonorrhoea and syphills B. primary succession D. 37. shade-loving species D. an adaptation for moment B. 1. of a cross between a tall and a dwarf plant was tall The F was advanced to F2. 34. Cutting low bushes around homes B. AB. The structure labelled I is the A. an adaptation for camouflage C. it is produced by green plants during photosynthesis. III D. Meristem. Application of herbicides in water bodies. Epidermis. AB. nectar B. B. evolution B. conserving water B. A. AB. Poliomyelitis. genotype and phenotype B. B. How many of 120F2 plant will be dwarf? A. 48 The colour of the ventral surface of a fish is lighter than that of the dorsal. 2N B. A man with blood group A is married to a woman with blood group A. long and slightly curved beak of the sunbird is an adaptation for feeding on A. sons inherit the sex chromosomes of their mothers C. mother’s genotype and environmental factors.A. for regulating body temperature. tuberculosis. insects. The least evidence in support of the theory of evolution is provided by the study of A. geology D. 36. Amphibians. 43. IV. 90 D.tuberculosis. D. Which of the following group combinations is possible if the family has three children? A. Phloem C. lacks anti-A antibodies C. From which group of animals are the mammals generally believed to have most recently evolved? A. Fishes. cholera and tuberculosis. protecting the skin D. Application of molluscicides in water bodies C. D. nitrogenous bases C. small seeds C. O. 44. nucleosides B. ecology C. Screening windows and doors with mosquito nets. speciation C. sugar Sphosphates D. II C. lacks anti-B antibodies D. 3. B. embryology. big seeds D.8 50. B. for attracting mates D. has both anti-A and anti-B antibodi\s. green plants release it during the day. Environmental pollutants which can work through the media of water. noise C. This is mainly A. D. sulphur (IV) oxide D. In a tropical rain forest.B. The DNA molecules is a chain of repeating A. 30 B. Human height is an example of a feature which depends on both A. Reptiles. the egg determines the phenotype of the son B. middle storey species B. conserving food C. endoplasmic reticulum D. upper storey species C. 49. 42. D. Colonization of a bare rock surface is termed A. I B. Biology 1997 Use the diagram below to answer questions 1 and 2. 40. vacuole. B. it is produced during respiration by animals C. A. . syphilis and gonorrhoea D. The specific number of chromosomes in each somatic cell is represented by A. nucleotides. 47. Some of the diseases caused by bacteria are A. Xylem. AIDS. 23 C. D. 2N D N. 45 The sons of a colour-bind woman will be colour blind regardless of the state of the father because A. Scales on reptiles are a feature for A. A person with type O blood can donate to a patient with type A because the donor’s blood A. Which of the following is the youngest plants tissue? A. phenotipic and environmental factors. sex-linked traits express dominance in females. genetic and environmental factors C. gonorrhoea and AIDS C. anatomy B. Protein is synthesized in the part labelled A. secondary succession. non-epiphytic ferns and fern allies occur as A. 38. 46 The slender. The F. the father’s sex chromosome is weaker in sons D. 39. 41. 35.O. locomotion. lacks antigens B. soil and air include A.

manufacture of proteins. antipodal cells and ovum D. osmosis C. In which of the following groups of vertebrates would the largest amount of yolk be found in the egg? A. beetles and cockroaches B. Strobili and inflorescence. the saprophyte A. . 27. the exchange of nutrients and metabolic products occurs in the A. uric acid D. pericycle B. 15. potassium B. phosphorus D. Fishes. pelvic girdle. II C. 18. houseflies. The group of insects that undergoes complete metamorphosis is A. . Use the diagram below to answer questions 26 and 27.4. protein B. 10. guttation 6. gum 26. In ferns. 22. are metamerically segmented D. The female gamete is represented by A. feed on waste products of other organisms C. exhibit bilateral symmetry B. Greater amount of energy water. The element that is essential for the coagulation of blood is A. D. secretion of bile C. formation of urea D. starch C. urea C. 19. synovial membrane D. The food contained A. Oozing out of water from the leaves of plants in a humid environment is known as A. possess complete digestive system. C. houseflies. locomotion and nutrition D. root D. D. lumbar vertebrae. less amount of energy and alchohol. 11. 12. Use the diagram below to answer questions 14 and 15. II D. epiglottis B. 7. reproduction B. food collection. III D. mineral salt. Mammals B. 14. The parts labelled I and II constitute the A. Amphibians. IV B. formation of pigments and enzymes B . pith D. The endoblast cells found in Hydra are used for A. neck C. 23. 5. cockroaches. xylem 25. A food substance was treated with a few drops of Sudan III solution and a red coloration was obtained. grasshoppers and bees C. Annelids differ from nematodes in that they A. require other living cells to multiply. transpiration B. grasshoppers and butterflies 21. The companion cells are part of the A. liver. air. pinocytosis D. reproduces sexually to produce spores C. air. Virus differ from all forms of life because they A have a thick cell wall B. an increase in the sugar content of guard cells B. The part that is similar to bone is labelled A. B. C. III C. The nitrogenous substance that is excreted by birds in order to conserve water is A. less amount of energy and water B. heart D. 24. calcium C. is diploid and independent of the gametophy. production of energy and hormones C. D. lymph B. A band of connective tissue linking two bones in a joint is known as A. develops from a haploid zygote B. fore and hind limbs B pelvic girdle and fore limbs C. cartilage C. 9. In mammals. fore and hind limbs. 16. pollen tube and pollen nucleus B. antherozoids and rhizoid. is haploid and dependent on the gametophyte D. fat D. lungs C. beetles and butterflies D. crown B. phloem C. The function of the part labeled V is for the passage of A. Sorus and indusium. The appendicular skeleton is composed of the pectoral girdle A. duodenum D. a decrease in the sugar content of mesophyll cells d. 17. cardiac sphincter C. water and pollen nucleus C. greater amount of energy and alcohol C. 20 Stomata pores open when there is A. cause infectious diseases D. ligament. Ascospores and ascocarp. an increase in the sugar content of mesophyll cells. 8. The part of the stomach nearer the gullet is called the A. Anaerobic respiration differs aerobic respiration by the production of A. Reptiles. ammonia B. 13. I. synergids and egg cell. IV. tendon B. I B. offence and defence C. lumbar vertebrae and pelvic girdle D. Trace elements are required by plants mainly for the A. iron. The process of deamination is essential for the A. are triploblastic C. digestion of protein B. a decrease in the osmotic concentration of guard cells C. manufacture of carbohydrates D. aphids. Which of the following perform similar functions? A. pyloric sphincter. nitric acid. formation of antibody.

Colour blindness. well developed muscles and an acute sense of smell. mitosis B. queen and soldiers. thick barks. 34. succulent stems and sunken stomata B. image formation B. provision of portable drinking water. . The speed of wind can be measured with an instrument called A. 37. 29. auxin D. centrifugation C. 43. 42. olfactory lobe B. Adaptive features of plants to desert conditions include A. Rat. adventitious bud C. sucker D. 40. 30. less arboreal and burrowing animals. Sewage C. legume C. kinin. Baldness. filtration B. The Southern Guinea Savanna differs from the Northern Guinea Savanna in that it has A. big body and well developed limbs. selected two characteristics only at a time for study D. water lily – Spirogyra grass – Euglena C. The three classes in a termitarium are A. tannin C. grafting B. The part of the brain that regulates most biological cycles in humans is A. B. air floats on stems and sunken stomata D. soldiers. 41.28. anemometer D. Showy colour. After a heavy rainfall and the formation of a large pond. wind vane. succulent stems and sunken stomata C. public enlighten men campaigns. One reason for the success of Mendel’s work is that he A. D. The ability of the eye to focus on both near and distant objects is termed A. introduced quantitative and qualitative elements into his work C. Insecticides B. treating the disease B. secchi disc C. leathery curticle and the feathers. more rainfall and taller grasses D. well developled limbs and effective vision. parasitism B. workers and kings D. Camouflage. The type of vegetable reproduction illustrated in the diagram above is A. 38. 31.water lily –Spirogyra-grass B. hydrometer B. pineal body. 35. 1/8 D. accelerating rural development D. C. One of the most effective ways of controlling guinea worm is by A. ½ B. thin barks. less grasses and scattered trees C. soldiers and reproductives C. Water loss is regulated in plants and animals by both the A. 33. thin barks. Spirogyra – Euglena – grass – water lily D. meiosis C. 45. Euglena. aerial layering. Which organism in the food-web illustrated above is an omnivore? A. medulla oblongata D. C. D. the relative amounts of the different soil particles can best be determined by the process of A. the nucleus is known to undergo A. big body and effective vision. scales and the skin B. Inorganic fertilizers. interspecific competition. intraspecific competition C. kings. thick leaves and the feathers D. Show colour. Toads and lizards in an ecosystem depend on a limited quantity of food. Camouflage. lower rainfall and shorter grasses B. Haemophilia C. Capsule D. During binary fission in lower organisms. C. air spaces in tissues. 39. Which of the following characters is NOT sex-linked? A. Albinism B. optic lobe C. ¼ C. What combination of characters should a prey develop to survive in the environment of its predator? A. Weevils. 46. queen and workers B. 0. Oil D. fragmentation D. berry B. drupe. Euglena – Spirogyra – water lily – grass. Praying mantis. This is an example of A. The homozygo condition Hbs Hbs results in sickle cell anaemia whereas HbA Hbs has the sickling trait. What is the probability that a couple with the sickling trait will give birth to one normal child? A. 47. 44. sedimentation. The substance that is responsible for apical dominance in plants is known as A. 32. hypermetropia D. precipitation D. the most likely sequence of changes in the vegetation of the pond is A. workers. predation D. adventitious roots and thick barks. gibberellin B. Hawk. accommodation. Which is the most important pollutant of the marine environment in Nigeria? A. B. 36. refraction C. drew up his laws of inheritance based on his knowledge of chromosomes. 48. soldiers. mutation. In a soil sample. C. was the first to carry out research work on modern genetics B. Coconut and oil palm fruits can be grouped as A. scales and the hair C.

claws on the legs D. Unicellular organisms transport essential nutrients directly to all parts of their bodies by the process of diffusion because. lamellae. The manufacture of carbohydrates by plants takes place only in A. D. contains the nuclear sap C. a pair of nuclei D. Long neck in giraffes is used illustrate the theory of A. gemetangium B. different strata have remains of organisms of the same kind of only organisms with strong parts are fossilized D. pneumostome D. worker C. 8. contains the genetic material B. Which of the following structures is capable of producing more tissues in the stem of a herbaceous flowing plant? A. The structure labelled I is formed as a result of the fusion of A. magnesium D. Pericycle C. two pairs of nucleoli. 6. . B. The procaryotic cell type is characterized by a A. 11. flowering plants. liver. suspensor D. zygospore 7. The special name of the part labelled II is A. calcium. origin of species C. their bodies immersed in the nutrients D. is bounded by the nuclear membrane D. the green stems C. yellow on heating C. 14. they have A. one ventricle and two auricles. one auricle and one ventricle C. wings and segmented body B. the hard calcareous shells are secreted by the A. Xylem D. two auricles and two ventricles B. compound eyes C. 12. 3. 13. Biology 1998 1. green on heating D. Regulation of blood sugar level takes place in the A. the leaves B. 10. Epidermis B. ctendium C. Fossil records found in sedimentary rocks offer some explanation for the theory of evolution because A. solder D. two ventricles and one auricles D. pancreas B. when the reagent is added to a protein food item. hypha C. a plant showed poor growth and yellowing of the leaves. scale C. collection of organelles and macromolecular complexes D. several pairs of nucleis C. localization of differ regions of the cell into tissues. The ability of the cockroach to live in cracks and crevices is enhanced by the possession of A. rakers D. filaments C. two pairs of nuclei B. natural selection. A distinguishing feature of mammals is the possession of A. The nucleus is considered the control organelle of a cell because it A. the deposits have remains of organisms characteristic of when they were formed B. decrease in size B. one auricle and one ventiricle B. kidney. In snails. 17. copper B. 16. simple cytoplasm with well-defined regions. complex cytoplasm in which different regions are poorly defined . mantle 9. nail D. is located at the centre of the cell.49. origin of life D. Cambium. radula B. The natural tendency of organism as they evolve is to A. a large s urface area to volume ratio C. 4. a large volume to surface area ratio B. In million’s test. In a water culture experiment. queen. hair. use and disuse B. iron C. king B. These may be due to deficiency of A. The heat of the adult frog consists of A. develop specialized structures D. C. The structures that prevent food particles from escaping through the fish gills are called gill A. ileum C. 50. 5. feed indiscriminately. 15. their outer membrane made of cellulose. skin B. chlorophylous parts D. increase in number C. 2. dorso-ventrally flattened body. arches B. Use the diagram below to answer questions 5 and 6. a white precipitate is produced which turns A blue on heating B. most animal and plant fossils bear little resemblance to present day living specimens. The case of termites that lacks pigmentation is the A. red on heating.

36. 20. The diaphragm and intercostals muscles contract D. A. A decrease in the efficiency of energy conversion C. II. water-repelling epidermis. inferior C. 32. community C. A decrease in the resulting biomass. legume C. 25. low soil oxygen B. surface area D. The ovary represented is A. . 24. agglutination occurs when A. 21. I B. thin cell walls of the epidermis D. dissected leaves C. One of the ways in which body cells differ from gamete cells is in the A. 19. amnion B. The sequence of the biomes in Nigeria from Port Harcourt to Damaturu is A. The unrestricted pattern is presented by A. contrasting antigens and antibodies meet. Transportation D. Taeniasis. centipedes and scorpions D. estuarine ’! rain forest ’! Guinea savannah ’! Sahel savannah B. Support. type of centromeres they contain B. The most reliable estimate of growth is by measuring changes in A. IV . houseflies and grasshoppers C. ganglia D. dorsal roots B. yolk sac. II and V. I B. estuarine ’! Guinea savannah ’! rain forest ’! Sahel savannah D. Soil micro-organisms are beneficial because of their involvement in A. colony B. number of chromosome pairs they contain C. The thoracic cavity increases in volume C. synapses. snakes and frogs B. photosynthesis B. 34. The diaphragm contracts and the intercostals muscles to relax. follicle B. III D. two different antibodies meet C. Use the diagram below to answer question 23 and 22. Earthworms. An increase in the numbers of resulting individuals D. the diaphragm contracts and the intercostals muscles relax. 37. Use the diagram below to answer question 37 and 38. D. cycling of nutrients D.. Crickets. Millipedes. type of chromatids they contain D. In blood transfusion. Dracunculiasis IV. The alternate depletion patterns of mineral resources over time. A group of organisms of different species living in a particular area is described as a A. IV. Lizards. 22. rain forest ’! estuarine ’! Guinea savannah ’! desert. III and IV D. II. In which of the following groups of animals is the Malpighian tubule found? A. Which of the following groups of diseases are associated with water? I Onchocerciasis II Schistosomiasis III.II and III B. A freshwater plant such as water lily can solve the problem of buoyancy by the possession of A. rain forest ’! Guinea savannah ’! estuarine ’! desert C. high soil nitrogen C. capsule D. 23. 29. The condition that encourages denitrification is A. The corolla is partly represented by A. superior D. dry weight. Which of the following is not a function of the mammalian skeleton? A. allantois. IV and V C. translocation C. The small masses of nervous tissues in which many neurons have their nuclei are called A. Respiration C. In adult mammalian blood. 30. length B. number of chromosomes they contain. absence of soil bacteria D. ventral roots C. II C.18. An increase in biomass B. 33. II C. half-inferior. population D. The outermost embryonic membrane in the mammal is the A. Which of the following movement occur during exhalation? A. 26. 28. Which of the following is the direct consequence of transferring energy from one trophic level to another? 35. roundworms and flatworms. two different antigens meet D. niche. the cells which lack nucleus are the A The diaphragm and intercostals muscles relax B. lightning and thunderstorm. Protection B. chorion C. A dry fruit formed from two or more carpels containing several seeds is a A. volume C. 27. I. aerenchymarous tissues B. schizocarp. respiration using soil air. half-superior B. Elephantiasis V. white blood cells from two individuals meet B. 31. III D. A. I.

reducing transpiration. guard cell B. The phenotype of an individual can be summed up as the A. Which of the following is an organ? A. gametes B. The group of Arthropods that has no antennae is the A. Use the diagram below to answer questions 45 and 46. mitochondrion B. birds and molluscs 4. The biological association that contributes directly to succession in a community is A. 45. Hydra C. zygote. xylem bundle D. aphids and mosquitoes B. DNA gene nucleus chromosome. 49. Biology 1999 1. muscles of pig C. fishes and birds C. 41. This is an adaptation for A. chromosome DNA nucleus gene B. habitats allow only organisms that will not have to complete for survival. This is an example of A. The line that represents efficient recycling combined with stringent conservation is A. The best explanation for the theories of natural selection is that A all organisms have equal capacity for survival in their habitats B. After one week of life. liver C. The basic point of impact by changes which produce mutation is the A. II D. I. 40g 35g. alimentary canal of cattle B. cockroaches. aphids. Mosquito larva D. variation D. fertile males with well-developed mouth parts. houseflies and moths C. mother to daughter C. 44. III D. parasitism D. tsetse flies and aphids D. phenotype D. I B. laying of eggs with shells and bony structure of the head are characteristics s hared by A. The correct increasing order of size for the cell compoents responsible for heredity is A. Chromosome nucleus DNA gene D. Tilapia B. organisms compete or resources and better competitors survive and thrive D. 39. and 30g. the drones are A sterile males with reduced mouth parts B. diplopoda 5. 50. In the honey bee colony. 43. chromosomes C. IV. sterile ales with well-developed mouth parts C. individual’s physical appearance C. The structure that is most commonly identified in all living cells under the light microscope is the A. muscles of cattle 2. curved hook suitable for holding and tearing are most likely to belong to the bird with the bill in A. A sex-linked character cannot be passed on directly from A. mother to son D. crustacca B. ribosome 6. conserving nutrients C. 48. 40. IV. aphids. storing water D. chloroplast C. organisms have varying capacities for survival in their habitats C. Toes of the feet ending in a sharp. physiological traits of the individual. 42. nucleus D. III C. commensalism. natural selection C. growth rate B. father to son B. arachnida D. These possession of scales. competition B. father to daughter. birds and reptiles B. beetles and grasshoppers. In the whistling pine leaves are reduced to brown scale and young stems are green. II C. reptiles and fishes D. IV B. the weights of five chicks of the same sex hatched simultaneously from the eggs the same hen and fed on the same diet were 45g. Earthworm 3. individual’s entire genetical make-up D. The group of insects that have mouth parts adapted for both piercing and sucking is A. The habitat of the cysticercus of Taenia solium is A. 46. predation C. 47. fertile males with reduced mouth parts D. The bird’s bill adapted for fishing is labeled AI B. mosquitoes. II C. obtaining food B. totality of the expressed traits B. 33. III D. alimentary canal of pig D. DNA Gene chromosome nucleus D. The organism that has a hydrostatic skeleton is A. mutation. chilopoda C.38. blood Use the diagram below to answer questions 7 and 8 .

nitrogen and iron 22. companion cells C. In dissection. The lymphatic system of mammals rejoins the blood circulatory system at the A. outside the protoplasm C. sulphur and potassium C. pulmonary vein C. mandible B. possession of tympanic membrane Substances manufactured by the leaves are transported to other parts of the plant through the A. budding B. attraction between the water and xylem by osmotic force D. tasting B. 17. the stimulation of marrow to reduce the amount of erythrocytes produced B. feeling C. parasitic and holozoic C. longitudinal section 10. Rhizopus B. deposit pollen on the stigma C. The correct sequence for the operation of smell in mammals is A. Dryopteris C. The structure labelled III represents the A. sieve tubes D. fragmentation C. increasing the rate at which erythrocytes are destroyed C. Fertilization in humans usually takes place in the A. upper part of the oviduct 25.7. C D. feed on the nectar B. labium 20. fixation of carbon (IV) oxide with the help of oxygen . lower part of the oviduct D. radial symmetry D. reproduction and growth? A. oranges and carrots 8. lenticels D. dissolved chemicals à nasal sensory cell àbrain C. binary fission D. the rib cage of a mammal has to be opened in order to expose the A. fixation of carbon (IV) oxide to give a six-carbon sugar B. micropyles B. palm oil and carrots C. possession of webbed limbs C. dissolved chemicals à sensory cells àolfactory nerve à brain Use the diagram below to answer questions 29 and 30 9. hepatic portal vein D. replacement of the gills with lungs B. sternum In woody stems. lower part of the uterus B. upper part of the uterus C. magnesium. 14. Bacteria multiply rapidly by means of A. 16. diaphragm B. the stimulation of marrow to produce more erythrocytes D. pulled underground by the elongating hypocotyls C. proboscis D. pollinate the flowers D. Yellowing of leaves is a symptom associated with deficiency of A. Insects visit flowers in order to A. spore formation 28. increasing the breakdown of the protein portion of the erythrocytes 18. gaseous exchange take place through the A. normal flow of water from the ground with the help of gravitational force. chemicals àolfactory nerve endingsà brain B. liver C. palp C. carried above the ground by the elongating hypocotyls B. vessels 24. Spirogyra 11. heated D. force of gravity attracting the water molecules through the hydrogen bonds C. The modes of nutrition in Nitrobacteri Ascaris and Homo sapiens respectively are A. use of carbon (IV) oxide to produce glucose using ATP uhfixation of carbon (IV) oxide on chlorophyll using hydrogen Mammals acclimatize to reduced oxygen content at high altitudes by A. The key event in the transition of the amphibians from water to land is the A. limbs. chemicals àmucus membrane à sensory cells à brain D. renal vein D. phosphorus and iron D. holophytic and holozoic . The structure labelled II is used for A. Brachymenium D. nitrogen. 21. calcium and magnesium B. cohesion of water molecules to one another by hydrogen bonds B. The richest sources of vitamin A are A. transfer pollen from anthers 26. within the vacuole D. The force that holds water together in the form of a stream within the xylem tube is the A. D. photosynthetic B. biting D. The division of a body into two equal halves along a l ongitudinal plane is called A. development of long hind C. hepatic artery B. subclavian vein C. chemosynthetic. cambium After a meal of yam has been digested the highest concentration of glucose is to be found in the A. chemosynthetic. sulphur. posterior vena cava The dark reaction of photosynthesis involves A. xylem B. the cotyledons are A. iron. transverse section C. within the cytoplasm 23. pulled underground by the elongating epicotyl D. 15. 13. bilateral symmetry B. In epigeal germination. inside the cell wall B. photosynthetic. In which of the following organisms does each cell combine the function of nutrition. hepatic vein B. sucking 19. parasitic and heterophytic D. 12. palm oil and groundnut oil B. stomata C. common iliac vein In plant cells. rice and groundnut oil D. the chloroplasts are located A. carried above the ground by the elongating epicotyl 27.

36. hinge joint C. typhoid fever. all living organisms are constantly involved in a struggle for existence C. Which of the bones is the radius? A. Floating microscopic heterotrophs are mostly grouped as A. invertebrates as opposed vertebrates C. prop roots B. phytoplankton B.the size of a given population remains fairly constant D. development of a long tail D. The biological factor that is unique to each individual is the A. gastric gland D. predation B. An association indicated as + 0 is known as A. 1 à2à4à5 B. malaria. 1. new species originate through the inheritance of acquired traits. leprosy and typanosomiasis C. loamy soil B. angiosperms as opposed to algae D. 5à4à3à1 42. 2 B. indicate that they are very tasty C. lymph vessel C. 39. The sign + is used to indicate an association where an organism gains. laterite D. pancreas C. tuberculosis. how many different genotypes would result? A. pivot joint D. 3à5à6à7 D. liver B. The structure labelled II is known as A. ball-and-socket joint 34. calcium compounds B. nerve ending 31. podzol. increase the activity of white blood cells C. If the offspring of a cross between brown mouse (bb) and a black mouse (BB) are allowed to interbreed. blood vessel D. 49. blood group E. microbes D. The chitin in the exoskeleton of many arthropod is strengthened by A. sweat gland B. measles and yellow fever B. commensalism C. Vaccination is carried out in order to A. the older a fossilbearing rock is the more likely it is to contain A. In mammals. possession of claws C. Which of the following is one of Lamarck’s theories? A. increase the number of red blood cell D. The construction of dams may lead to an increase in the prevalence of A. malaria and tuberculosis D. 2. are a warning that they may be poisonous B. possession of four limbs B. while 0 is used where an organism is unaffected.2. guinea worm. 4 D. competition . DNA B. growth 30. vertebrates as opposed to invertebrates. stilt roots 43. perform the same function as bright colours in flowers 47. counter shading of coat colour 48. The part labelled III is for A. aves as opposed to amphibians B. 1à3à4à5 C. lipids D.29. sliding joint B. 2. lubrication D. Which of the following characterized the white mangrove? A. Primary consumers are found in A. The least adaptive feature for arboreal life is that A. clayey soil C. organic salts C. proteins Use the diagram below to answer questions 40 and 41 40. the organ which performs digestive and endocrine functions is the A. insulation C. eye colour C. salivary gland 32. From an evolutionary standpoint. stimulate the production of antibodies The very bright colours in some types of mushroom A.3 and 7 D. The loud cry made by a brooding hen when a predator is around is meant to 38. protection B. some variations are more favorable to existence in a given environment than others B. 3 C. I B. II C. check the production of poison B.and 3 B. A soil consisting of alumina and iron (II) oxide is known as A. zooplankton C. bilharziasis and onchocerciasis 45. The biomass is likely to increase in the sequence A. The structure labelled II articulates with III to form a A. breathing roots D. attract potential transporters of their spores D. 1.3 and 7 C. 37. parasitism D. 5 44. RNA Use the diagram below to answer questions 33 and 34 33.4 and 5 41. nekton 46. buttress roots C. IV 35. III D.

III C. In mammals. The substance labelled II originates from A. III C. The parts labelled I and II make up the A. root Use the diagram below to answer questions 14 and 15 14. schizophyta. arthropoda D. Fibrous root system. dorsal and anal B. In which part of the human body does the secretion of the growth hormone occur? A. feather 6. petals in threes or groups of threes and parallel venation of leaves D. thallophyta. silk thread B. III only B. One seed leaf. II D. schizophyta and bryophyta D. II D. The part labelled II is the A. The order in which organic evolution has progressed in plants is A. 10. The part of the brain that controls body posture in mammals is the A. the presence of pentadactyl limbs B. coelenterata 7. bryophyta. advertise the boundaries of its territory to intruders D. pteridophyta and spermatophyta C. gonads Use the diagram below to answer questions 10 and 11 1. petiole C. thallophyta. pteridophyta. bryophyta. re-absorption of salt takes place in A. IV only C. light D. Fibrous root system. waist region C. bowman’s capsule 11. I and IV D. Coelom is absent in the class of animals termed A. nutrient C. bryophyta. pteridophyata. The set of fins that controls steering. malpighian body D. net-veined leaves and petals in three or multiples of three 4. anchor 3. cerebrum 13. IV B. head region B. the possession of scrotum D. space Biology 2000 Use the diagram below to answer questions 1 and 2 9. leaf B. scale D. One seed leaf. reptilia C. attract cocks to come and fight the predator C. III and IV . spermatophyta. The most important environmental factor which epiphytes in the rain forest compete for is A. branched network of veins and one seed leaf B. IV B. The part that will develop into an organ for feeling is labelled A. I 2. water B. Which of the following features are all associated with monocots? A. parental care C. pulmonary circulation 8. fore wing D. neck region D. steam D. schizophyta. hair B. convoluted tubules C. thallophyta and schizophyta. cilium C. A characteristic of vertebrates that is unique to mammals is A. caudal and dorsal D. warn its chicks and other chickens of impending danger 50. thorax C. glomerulus B. thalamus B.A. pteridophyta and spermatophyta B. Peripheral arrangement of vascular tissues in dicots is a characteristic of the internal structure of the A. alert the poultry attendants B. anal and pelvic 5. pectoral and pelvic C. spinal cord D. spermatophyta. thallophyta. mollusca B. cerebrum C. two seed leaves and f loral parts in threes C. The most recently evolved structure in animals is the A. balancing and change of direction and pitch in fish is A. I 12.

left ventricle Use the graph below to answer questions 31 and 32. mesocarp B. r<p+q 28. From the data above. putrefaction and lighting C. II and III B. The part labelled II is the A. sugar D. synthesis of vitamins A and D D. The range at which soil essential element concentration is recorded for optimal plant growth is marked A. II D. IV B. 20. the A. Cell elongation D. namely. II D.15. conoave In an experiment to estimate the volume of air in a soil sample using a measuring cylinder. III C. Serum differs from blood plasma because it. birds 27. contains soluble food and mineral salts C. I 33. absorption of water. it was found that: Initial volume of water = p cm3 Volume of soil before mixing with water = q cm 3 Final volume of water after adding soil=r cm3. meat B. The inner ear contains two main organs. Short-sightedness can be corrected by lenses which are A. nitrification and combustion B. Atmospheric nitrogen is converted to soil nitrogen for plant use by A. Rapid cell division B. food storages must be low B. right ventricle B. The chamber of the mammalian heart with the thickest wall is the A. The gas occupying the space labelled I is A. biscuits 23. 24. Main stem elongation 34. Which of the following are adaptations of animals to aquatic habitats? A. pinna and cochlea An ecological succession often leads to A. an increase in species diversity B. I and III C. 17. 18. plano-convex D. The fruit represented is mainly dispersed by A. The scapula and the ischium are part of the A. the rate of A. Use the graph below to answer questions 25 and 26. carbohydrates C. 31. a decrease in species diversity C. For growth to occur in organisms. when dilute Na0H solution is added to a solution of food substance. pericarp C.oxygen 25. lacks blood cells and albumin The soil becomes toxic to plants when the concentration of its essential elements is in the range labelled A. protein B. wind D. left auricle C. Bacteria in the large intestine of man are important in the A. hind limb 26. appendicular skeleton D. oval window and ossicles D. nitrogen C. digestion of vegetables. pelvic girdle C. hydrogen D. eardrum and eustachinan tube B. food storage must be high 21. The greatest amount of energy will be obtained by the oxidation of 100kg of A. I and IV D. water C. animals B. carbon (IV) oxide B. followed by drops of 1 % CUSO4 solution while making indicates the presence of A. Which of the following growth activities in plants is brought about by gibberellins? A. right auricle D. synthesis of vitamins K and B2 B. q=r-p D. butter C. lacks the blood protein fibrinogen D. The production of violet colouration. I 32. catabolism must exceed that of anabolism C. C. combustion and putrefaction 30. lighting and nitrification D. streamlined bodies and lungs . endocarp D. anabolism must exceed that of catabolism D. the dispersal of species 29. Gills streamlined bodies and lateral line B. Lateral line. r>p+q C. Which combination of the above can cause rapid overcrowding in climaxbiotic communities and human settlements? A. r=p+q B. reducing sugar 22. I and II 19. cochlea and semi-circular canals C. pectoral girdle B. A. epicarp 16. an unstable community D. which of the following deductions is correct? A. biconvex C. III C. I High birth rate and high immigration rate II Low birth rate and high immigration rate III Low mortality rate and low emigration rate IV High mortality rate and high emigration rate. IV B. fats D. contains blood cell and fibrinogen B. convex B. Tropic response C.

humidity. grasshopper is frequently moulting 49. dracunculiasis and haemophilia 38. chlorofluorocarbons The surest way to combine the best qualities of both parents and the offspring is by A. snow. air and humidity D. aves D. Scales in a annals C. light. Examples of water-borne and sex-linked disease are A. antenna D. flowering plants rather than mosses D. typhoid and syphilis D. short leaves with many veinlets . Succulent stems B. are both birds C. invertebrates rather than birds C. dominant B. Hugo Vries C. an increase in the biomass of individuals D. oil spillage D. pure breeding Biology 2001 1. insects B. Thick bark C. both feed on fishes B. labium C. an increase in the number of individuals B. oldest D. Jean Lamarck D. light. Gills. 42. Charles Darwin 39. Thallophytes D. mammals B. grasshopper is avoiding predation D. on moist land D. oxides of sulphur C. 40. selective breeding D. reptiles rather that fishes 45. occupy similar niche D. Which of the following is an adaptation of forest species? A. The reason for these colour changes is that the A. mycorrhiza C. light. Gregor Mendel B. youngest C. grasshopper is getting older B. half albino and half normal A certain savanna grasshopper changes colour from green during the rainy season to brown during the dry season bush fires. three different alleles D. a gain in the total energy being transferred. smell and vibration is the A. all albino B. chemical pollution B. forest fires C. frost and dew 48. temperature. The pollutants that contribute to the depletion of the ozone layer in the atmosphere are A. inbreeding C. 37. the one brightest head colour is the A. temperature. maxilla B. on dry land and in water B. Reduced leaves In a food chain. in water and on moist land C. Feathers in birds 41. The disaster that would have the least destructive impact on animal life and balance in nature is A. long and sword-like leaves C. The factors that determine the distribution of vegetable zones are A. all genetically normally D. The jointed structure in insects that bears organs which are sensitive to touch. short leaves with petioles B. animals rather than plant remains B. Which of the following groups is the most advanced? A. scaly skin and lungs D. all phenotypically normal C. commensalism B. are more likely to contain A. four different alleles C. Most monocots are easily recognized by their A. air and mist C. in water 3. Gymnosperms 6. in contras to the more recent ones. taeniasis an malaria B. Which of the following structural features are adapted for uses other than water conservation? A. two different genes. parasitism D. two different alleles B. occupy the same trophic level 47. Complex social behaviou and organization are found mostly in A. largest 46. long and palm-like leaves D. abdomen 5. cross-breeding B. Gills. An association between the root nodule of a leguminous plants and rhizobium sp is known as A. Pteridophytes B. radioactive materials B. The mutation theory of organic evolution was propounded by A. Spines in plants D. grasshopper pests 43. The legs and beak of an egret resemble those of the heron because they A. symbiosis 2. rain and humidity B. amphibians 4. reptiles C. In a group of male Agama lizards. Blood grouping in human beings is derived from combination of A. A cross between an albino female and a genetically normal male will result in offspring that are A. 44. mammals 50. Bryophytes C. humidity. each succeeding level in a forward direction. reptiles D. birds C. represent? A. streamlined bodies and spiracles 35. Buttress roots D. oxides of carbon D. environment temperature is changing C. Amphibians are normally found A. Few stomata B.C. cholera and gonorrhoea C. a decrease in the number of individuals C. 36. The older fossil-bearing rocks. Viviparity occurs mainly in the A.

Amoeba D. water 20. The parts which function together to bring about hearing are labelled. Starch C. The veins of the leaf are formed by the A. gametophyte generation of a moss C. albumen B. The part labelled IV is the A. II. sturdy D. lung D. III B. autotrophic D. etiolated B. glycerol and fatty acid C. Volvox C. The structure above represents a A. alcohol D. thoracic vertebra D. When specimen X is mixed with few drops of iodine solution. male organs and rhizoid C. calcium carbonate D. olfactory lobe 13. heterotrophic B.7. cerebellum C. arachnida B. The transportation of oxygen and carbon (IV) oxide in mammals is carried out by A. internal auditory meatus D. The gas produced during tissue respiration can be identified by using A. glucose and fructose D. When yeast respires anaerobically. Chlamydomonas 18. III and IV D. cerebrum D. erythrocytes 21. copper sulphate C. sporophyte generation of a moss D. Urea formation occurs in the A. The structure that holds the yolk in position is labelled A. II B. sodium hydroxide A seedling grown in the dark is likely to be A. zygote of a moss B. symbiotic 9. II. 17. II C. Salts and water are absorbed in the roots and transported to the leaves by . stunted 16. vascular bundles B. middle ear canal C. The structures labelled II and III respectively are A. dormant C. sturdy D. I. sporophyte and sori D. chilopoda 8. Blood vessels usually pass through the structure labelled A. wood lice and barnacles belong to the group A. V and VI B. calcium hydroxide B. The mode of feeding in Amoeba and Hydra is A. Paramecium B. Sucrose D. holophytic C. palisade tissue D. I. The centre for learning and memory in the human brain is the A. spongy mesophyll Use the diagram below to answer questions 10 and 11 Use the diagram below to answer questions 22 and 23 10. I. IV. IV and VI C. it converts simple sugar to carbon (IV) oxide and A. Glucose Use the diagram below to answer questions 14 and 15 Use the diagram below to answer question 25 and 26 14. ear ossicles 24. fenestra ovalis B. heart B. the structure above is equivalent to the A. crustacea C. thrombocytes C. A. lumbar vertebra C. mannose and galactose 19. female organs and rhizoid B. IV D. Galactose B. annulus and stalk of sporangium 11. leucocytes B. caudal vertebra B. IV 27. acid C. oxygen B. maltose and glucose B. In ferns. sporophyte of a moss 12. Which of the following organisms does not exist as a single free living cell? A. I C. kidney 22. cervical vertebra 26. medulla oblongata B. The enzyme invertase will hydrolyze sucrose to give A. stunted 25. V D. liver C. insecta D. Water fleas. The part labelled II is the A. the appearance of a blue-black colour confirms that X is A. cambium cells C. germinal disc C. phagocytes D. II and IV 23. III 15.

(5). special creation B. 46. competition is leas caused by the inadequacy of A. nutrients 30. The role of the male adult honey bee is to A. q spp? 42. osmosis through the phloem tissues C. pond skater. shark and mosquito larva 36. salinity 37. Both recessive and dominant characters are found A. mother’s X chromosome 40. Group B can donate to group B only . A green snake in green grass is able to escape notice from predators because of its A. organic evolution 45. air cavities B. Which of the following is likely to encourage inbreeding in plants A. light D. relative humidity B. Group A can donate to group A only C. resistance B. 35% B. Tt C. terrestrial 32. fish. morphological 44. animals D. leeches and crab B. The epiphytic habitat can best be described as A. For heterotrophic organisms. The greatest influence on a stable ecosystem in nature is exerted by A. Carbon (IV) oxide content of the atmosphere is least affected by A. resist being damaged by loss of water B. The hygrometer is used for measuring A. water snail and water bug C. drought 31. water-conducting cells. mother’s sex cell D. mixed-cropping D. succession D. father’s sex cell B. structural D. osmosis through the xylem tissues 41. intercellular spaces C. estuarine C. store sugar and minerals in the vacuoles C. The most important adaptation of xerophytes is the ability of the protoplasm to A. plant and animal respiration In man. Ipomoeas SSP. man B. countershiping C. Group O is the universal recipient B. The stem of a typical aquatic plant usually has many A. pollution C. The highest percentage of energy in an ecosystem occurs at the level of the A. primary consumers 33. Tt A. Protandrous C. rainfall pattern 38. aquatic D. specific gravity C. disruptive colouration B. mate with the queen D. diffusion through the phloem tissues D. diffusion through the xylem tissues B. on different chromosomes in the cell B. Manoecious D. TT. 23% 43. mates B. 16% C. water lily. space C. competition C. father’s somatic chromosome C. spontaneous generation C. A. Tt. 46% D. cutting down and clearing of forest B. tadpole. Tt. A tall plant crossed with a dwarf on produces offspring of which half are tall and half are dwarf what are the genotypes of the parents? A. shrimps. at the same locus of a homologous chromosome C. mother’s sex cell D. Dioecious B. water boatman. Group AB is the universal recipient D. pests C. A freshwater pond may contain A. sida spp (7) and Imperata spp (23) What is the percentage of occurrence of Imperat. tt D. care for the young 47. clean the hive B. shrink from the cell wall 49. rainfall D. soil types C. secondary consumers B. mother’s X chromosome 39. The distribution of plants in a rain forest in governed mainly by A.28. TT. adaptation 48. Which of the following statements is true of blood groups and blood transfusion? A. The ability of an organism to live successfully in an environment is known as A. rainfall 34. use and disuse D. The factor that least affects food shortages in subSaharan Africa is A. producers D. TT B. the ability to roll the tongue is a variation classified as A. flooding B. Darwin is considered the first scientist who correctly explained the theory of A. The probability of a baby being a boy or a girl depends on the condition of the A. vegetation B. 29. burning of fossil fuels D. ventilate the hive C. forest fires C. water cavities D. warning colouration D. arboreal B. water lily. water beetle. Hermaphrodite The number of plant species obtained from a population study of a garden is as follows: Guinea grass (15). amount of sunlight D. anatomical B. water scorpion and dragontly larva D. cryptic colouration 50. decomposers C. physiological C. absorb water and swell D.

aid water retention B. One of the adaptations to life on trees by a monkey is its possession of digits which are A. II C. a student is likely to record the highest number of species in A. a primary consumer C. The correct evolutionary sequence of the organisms represented is A. an estuarine swamp 4. cell wall and chloroplast D. 9. submerged water plants D. slows down egg development. types of plants found in the area C. grasshopper and mouse D. a scavenger . grassland plants C. The addition of lime to clay soil serve to A. III D.6per m2 18. food chain B. pistillate C. What is the density of the plant in the field? A. Amoeba and Hydra D. climax vegetation 13. stems C. opposable D. single cell D. staminate B. leaves B. a sahel savanna D. The excessive use of agro-chemicals could lead to the pollution of A. IV Use the diagram below to answer questions 9 and 10 9. fresh water D. lizard and mouse B. The community of plants in which the same species occur from year to year is the A. kinds of animals inhabiting the area B. pyramid of numbers D. through blood transfusion C. long 3. mangrove swamp plants B. perennial species D. chromatin and nucleolus C. big C. buds 11. deprives the larvae of water B. community of organisms in the region 16. through sexual intercourse D. a tertiary consumer D. A flower that has both stamens and pistil is said to be A. trophic level C. The animals that move by means of flagella include A. water uptake B. the atmosphere C. through the sharing of needles 14. space 21. seed dispersal 15. roots D. organelles C. 4. I B. The physical and climatic factors of a region primarily determine the A. extensible B. seed germination C. imperfect 6. suffocates the pupae D. desert plants 19. IIàIIIàIVàI C. IàIIIàIIàIV B. The most common means of transmitting Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is A. IIIàIIàIVàIV D. it A. close up the texture C. snake and lizard C. In a field experiment the frequency of waterleaf was observed to be 48 after 20 tosses of a 2m2 quadrant. Planaria and Amoeba C. rabbit and snake 2. animal tissues B. Example of competitors are A. cell membrane and cytoplasm B. A step in the movement of energy through an ecosystem is a description that best fits the term A. nature of the soil in the region D. perfect D. The structures found only in plant cells are A. a tropical rain forest B. When oil is poured into the breeding site of mosquitoes. improve capillary action 20.. food web 17. IVàIIàIIIàI Ovoviparity is the type of fertilization exhibited by the organism labelled A. 1. prevent water-logging D. cell membrane and lysosome 5. from mother to child B.4per m2 C. annual species B. In the diagram. kills the adults C. a guinea savanna C. an omnivore B. Use the diagram below to answer questions 7 and 8 7. In corns food is usually stored in the A. Chlamydomonas and Euglena B. organisms 10. In a population study using the transect method. pollination D. the hawk is A. Paramecium a nd Planaria 12. the lithosphere B.2per m2 B. 8. pioneer vegetation C. 2. An Amoeba and an unlaid chicken eggs are A.8per m2 D.Biology 2002 1. The supporting tissue of xylem is most poorly developed in A. Plants tend to prevent overcrowding by means of efficient A.

The mammalian erythrocytes differ from erythrocytes are A. fish catchers C nectar feeders D. The carnassial teeth of a carnivorous animal consists of the A. saprophytic Use the diagram below to answer questions 32 and 33 32. amphibians. insect eaters B. Darwin implied that A. Lungs and hearts D. Fungus. gillslits 26. A feature of the caste systems of bees and termites is that A. amoeboid and enucleated 30. Tissue respiration is important for the A. cold and wet C. so the fish starved 35. eye B. margarine and butter C. Caustic soda can be replaced with distilled water C. there was no food in the tank. birds. . housefly and Hydra 29. The organ located within the duodental loop in the mammal is the A. The leaves outside the flask serve as control 33. beef and beans D. Kidneys and heart 36. pancreas C. nuptial fight is performed by all members 25. The enclosed leaf will lose its green colour D. organs of the body which are not regularly. Examples of organisms in which extracellular digestion occurs are A. invertebrata B. Which of the following statements is correct about the experiment? A. saprophytic C parasitic D. light is necessary for photosynthesis B. vertebrata C. carbon (IV) oxide is necessary for photosynthesis 34. first upper premolar and the first lower molar D. long necks and long legs are likely to be A. carrots and oranges B. In his theory of evolution. the tank was too small compared to the large ocean B. oxygen is necessary for photosynthesis C. Birds which are large with long straight pointed beaks. Rhizopus. symbiotic B. only the worker perform duties D. allantois B. The capture and digestion of insects by a pitcher plant is a special form of nutrition termed A. coelenterata 31.22. the kings are bigger than the queens C. the body cells of the fish shrank as their sap was hypertonic to be fresh water D. the most successful organisms are those that best adapt to their environment C. spleen B. release of energy for body use D. rice and yam 40. ny traits acquired by an organism during its lifetime can e passed on to its offspring 23. insecta D. discoid and nucleated B. Cypsela D. heterotrophic C chemosynthetic D. Which of the following pairs of organs is located in the anterior half of the mammalian body cavity? A. The mode of nutrition exhibited by a tapeworm is A. Roundworm. Nut B. tapeworm and Hydra D. last upper premolar and the first lower molar B. A person that is obese must avoid meals containing A. first upper molar and the first lower molar 24. Loranthus and housefly B. Kidneys and lungs B. holozoic 37. In which of the following groups of fruits is the pericarp inseparable from the seed coat? A. the body cells of the fish swelled and burst as a result of the hypotonic fresh water C. the struggled for existence among living organisms is sporadic B. hot and dry B. Cryopsis 39. The presence of endoskeleton is characteristic of A. used by an organism will disappear D. fishes and reptiles and which is an evidence of their common ancestry is the A. release of carbon (IV) oxide into the lungs C. Follicle C. it died after a short period because A. The experimental set-up can be used to demonstrate that A. absorption of oxygen into the alveoli B. photosynthesis occurs in the leaves of plants D. amoeboid and nucleated D. When a marine fish was taken from the ocean and put in a tank of fresh water. The flask must be of the conical type B. the workers are sterile B. liver D. Rhizopus. sponges and earthworm C. chorion C. warm and humid D. fruit eaters 28. The structure that is common in the embryos of mammals. autotraphic B. windy and snowy 27. gall bladder 38. Animals are restive when the environment in which they live becomes A. last upper molar and the last lower molar C. Heart and ovary C. exhalation of carbon (IV) oxide from lungs. discoid and enucleated C.

cross-breed his animals with a different herd C. weight and colour are example of A. pileus D. The umbrella-shaped fruiting body of a fully developed mushroom is the A. Rh woman and Rh man D. be a carrier of colour-blindness 48. mycelium B. continuous variations C. xylem C. The probability that the fifth will also be a girl is A. urination and diffusion . ¾ D.Use the diagram below to answer question 41 and 42 41. annelids and molluscs B. Hermaphroditic reproduction can be found among the A. ½ C. non-heritable variations 47. cortex D. The function of absorption is performed by the structure labelled A. be totally blind D. the parameters of size. large eyes 4. The processes of water loss and intake indicated by the arrows labelled I and II are respectively A. adrenal B. arthropods and nematodes 6. sexual reproduction D. four limbs C. Rh woman and Rh man 50. 1/5 B. height. the farmer needs to A. alternation of generation C. IV 42. a boy with the genotype YXn will A.I B. make the body react to emergencies Biology 2003 1. order B. 2. Genetic counselling is important when a marriage is planned between a A. ¼ B. basidium C. lower blood glucose level D. webbed digits B. ½ 49. If XN is the dominant allele for normal vision and Xn the recessive allele for colour-blindness. In a population of living things. stipe 3. 44. pisces and amphibians C. discontinuous variations B. family C. Rh woman and Rh man B. To select and retain the desirable trait of large body size with farmer has observed in his herd. raise the level of calcium ions in the blood C. coelenterates and platyhelminthes D. The similarity among organisms belonging to the same group will be least within each A. a wide mouth D. phloem B. What proportion of the offspring of a cross between two heterozygous parents will exhibit the recessive condition phenotypically? A. evaporation and osmosis B. inbreed the animals in his herd D. vegetative reproduction B. 4/4 Use the diagram below to answer questions 43 and 44 43. Rh woman and Rh man C. II C. have normal vision B. 1/3 D. III D. osmosis and diffusion D. species D. The first four children of a couple were all girls. kingdom 5. asexual reproduction Use the diagram above to answer question 2 and 3. facilitate the development of facial hairs B. The gland usually found in the position labelled is the A. One distinctive feature in the life history of liverworts is that they exhibit A. be colour-blind C. physiological variations D. feed the animals in the herd with more food B. pituitary A hormone secreted at IV serves to A. pericycle 45. ¼ C. A noticeable adaptation of the animal to its aquatic habitat is the possession of A. thyroid C. exhalation and osmosis C. pancreatic D. The structure labelled I represents the A. prevent diseases in his herd 46.

the presence of carbon (IV) oxide in exhaled air B. that in mammals gaseous exchange take place in the lungs C. water is necessary for photosynthesis 13. reduction of carbon (IV) oxide to organic compounds D. seed sowing C. phloem B. Metabolic production of urea is carried out in the A. vas deferens D. Cytokinin B. 1:3. testes C. nastic movement B. 1:4 and 1:5 respectively. II and III B. liver 23. nuclear envelope 10. tactic D. that a large amount of oxygen is absorbed by the lungs. The aim of the experiment is to demonstrate A. ureter B. The structures that are common to both plant and animal cell are labelled A. In the experimental set-up. IV C. I Use the diagram below to answer questions 17 and 18 7. Ethylene D. plants lose water through guttation C. transpiration occurs through the leaves B. the rubber sheet represents the organ called A. The organism that is likely to have the most complex transport system is A. 15. the embryo is located in the A. blackfly D. splitting of water into hydrogen ions 21. pancreas C. I D. saprophytic bacteria B. Gibberellin 22. Organisms I. layering D.Use the diagram above to answer questions 7 and 8 16. denitrifying bacteria D. In mammalian males. lungs C. it will appear as a red stain in the cells of the A. urethra 24. ribosome B. The response of plants to external stimuli in a nondirectional manner is known as A. the layer of oil serves to prevent water loss by A. Osmosis B. Food is stored in the structure labelled A. 18. IIII B. diaphragm B. xylem D. colon C. An insect whose economic importance is both harmful and benefit is the A. III and IV have surface/volume ratios of 1:2. chalaza D. kidney and malphigian tubule D. butterfly B. chloroplast D. The most important hormone that induces the ripening of fruit is A. parenchyma C. I and II 9. The experiment is used to demonstrate that A. embryo disc C. pleural cavity 19. geotropism Use the diagram below to answer question 12 and 13. mitochondrion C. the part played by the pleural cavity and diaphragm in respiration D. IV C. IV and I D. tsetsefly 17. intercostal D. nitrosomonas . II 8. release of oxygen and the splitting of water B. stem cuttings B. The best method of propagating sugarcane is by A. photropism C. In the experiment. Guttation 14. epidermis The stunted growth of a leguminous plant suffering from nitrogen deficiency may be corrected by inoculating the soil with A. mosquito C. the excretory and reproductive system share the A. The part of the mammalian digestive system where absorption of nutrients takes place is the A. II D. III B. If water that has been coloured red is poured at the base of a wilting plant. grafting 25. rhizobium C. III and IV C. Evaporation D. Transpiration C. ileum D. photolysis of water and the production of starch C. albumen 11. urinary bladder and kidney B. leaves are important to photosynthesis D. duodenum B. In the egg of a bird. Indole acetic acid C. 12. yolk B. The cell component that is present in a prokaryotic cell is the A. II. oesophagus 20 The dark reaction of photosynthesis involves the A.

biochemical similarities B. The pioneer organisms in ecological succession are usually the A. limestone C. GAT C. physical defence B. If a DNA strand has a base sequence TCA. mottled colours on moths that rest on lichens D. camouflage C. XBY 39. Homologous pairs of chromosomes separate during A. TAG 44. lichens B. A density-dependent factor that regulates the population size of organisms is A. If the pair of allelels for baldness is given as Bb. pH C. resting D. XBXB C. cytolysis C.acquired traits cannot be passed onto the offspring B. A man and his wife are both heterozygous for the sicklecell trait. sudden flood B. guinea savanna à sudan savanna à tropical rainforest à sahel savanna à estuarine 37. green colour of a plant 50. bacteria D. burying B. axon 28. earthwormsv C. rodents 36. XbY D. A limiting factor in a plant population near a chemical factory is likely to be A. central nervous system only 27. coconut B. The type of reproduction that leeds to variation in animal and plant populations is A. node of Ranvier D. dumping C. sahel savanna à tropical rain forest à estuarineà guinea savanna D. An argument against Lamarck’s heory of evolution is that A .bright marks on a poisonous tropical frog on variegated leaves B. myelin sheath B. mimicry 47. Musea domestica 40. Which of the following requires the use of carbon dating to prove that evolution has occurred? A. sahel savanna à sudan savannaà guinea savanna à tropical rainforest à estuarine C. An example of a caryopsis is A. maize grain 30. peripheral and central nervous systems B. molecular records C. An organism that has been extensively used to test the chromosome theory of heredity is A. sucking D. facial hairs B. ferns D. algae C. wind D. disused part is dropped off in the offspring D. peripheral nervous system only C.Use the diagram below to answerquestions 26 and 27 26. guava D. prominent fingernails C. The inactive state exhibited by an animal during hot dry seasons is termed A. microbes B. long eyelashes D. mitosis D. The structure can be found in the A. XBXb B. The likely percentage of their offspring that will be either carriers or sicklers is A. mosses 32. incineration D. A feature associated with the Y-chromosome in humans is A. ATG B. budding B. drought 34. light 31. Zea Mays D. coal 38. Soil fertility can best be conserved and renewed by the activities of A. disease C. its complementary strand must be A. vegetative C. a female carrier will be denoted by A. An example of cryptic colouration is the A. One example of fossil fuels is A. Spines and shells on animals are adaptations for A. fire outbreak D. The point marked I is referred to as A. remove excess water D. aestivation B. prevent guttation C. hibernation 48. protozoans 33. 50% B. bright colour of an insectpollinated flower C. . chewing and sucking C. man D. sympathetic and parasymapathetic nervous systems D. AGT D. asexual D. The presence of sunken stomata and the folding of leaves are adaptations to A. comparative anatomy 45. firewood D. Mycorrhiza is an association between fungi and A. meiosis B. chewing B. humidity B. 25% C. Homo sapiens B. traits cannot be acquired through constant use of body parts. fossil records D. coral B. The correct sequence of biomes from northern to southern Nigeria is A. chemical defence D. An insect with a mandibulate mouth part will obtain its food by A. prevent entry of pathogens B. estuarine à tropical rain forest à guinea savanna àsahel savanna B. 75% D. disuse of body part cannot weaken the part C. tomato C. reduce water loss 46. recycling 35. Drosophila melanogaster C. cleavage 29. sexual 43. ilamentous algae C. 100% 42. enlarged breast 41. dendrites C. dormancy C. The most effective method of dealing with nonbiodegradable pollution is by A. roots of higher plants B. biting and chewing 49.

her hormonal system is probably deficient in A. is a plant material 4. dicot stem and monocot roots D. dicot roots and monocot roots. peptidases B. 6. cervical vertebrae D. I . pancreas D. 5. presence of a pore. testosterone B. thyroxin C. prolactin Use the diagram below to answer questions 8 and 9 8. D. 38 ATP molecules C. suture joint C. thoracic vertebrae B. The opening of the stoma is controlled by the A. embryonic development is longer in birds B. carry blood and nitrogenous waste C. Decrease in the volume of water inside the yam. contract to pull the hair erect D. The type of joint between adjacent bones in the part labelled II is the A. Movement of water from the salt solution B. The gall bladder of a mammal has a duct connected to the A. 10. I to II 14. III C. dicot root and monocot stems B. produce oil for the skin B. Which of the following results is to be expected If the set-up is left for several hours? A. The two key cations involved in the action potential of nervous transmissions are A. Mg2 and K+ B. The breakdown of fats and oils into simpler absorbable compounds is catalyzed by the group of enzymes called A. IV to I C. is permeable to the salt solution D. liver C. birds are generally bigger in size D. The part labelled II is the A. III to IV B. increase in solute concentration in the guard cells D. The eggs of birds contain relatively larger quantities of yolk than those of amphibians and reptiles because A. 9. 7. a wide pith in the centre is common to A. conduct nervous impulses 16. stigma 13. style C. Fe2+ and Mg2+ D. water and carbon (IV) oxide D. birds lay shelled eggs C. Yam is used in this set-up because it A. II to III D. presence of guard cells B. lumbar vertebrae C. Na+ and K + Use the diagram below to answer questions 12 and 13 12. ball-and-socket joint 15. decrease in solute concentration in the guard cells C. The anaerobic fermentation of a glucose molecule yields A. Movement of the salt solution into the water D. The sweat gland is the structure labelled A. 2ATP molecules and alcohol In the internal structure of plants.Biology 2004 1. pyruvic acid and alcohol B. filament Use the diagram below to answer questions 3 and 4 3. duodenum B. amylases C. anther B. Use the diagram below to answer questions 15 and 16 If a nursing mother is not producing enough milk. The bones labelled II are called A. hinge joint B. Na+ and Fe2+ C. act as a storage organ C. those of birds are fertilized internally. The function of the part labelled III is to A. act as a semi-permeable membrane B. sliding joint D. lipases D. insulin D. Decrease in the size of the yam C. small intestine 2. II D. sacral vertebrae. hydrolases 11. The process of pollination involves the transfer of pollens from A. IV B. dicot stems and monocot stems C.

more rapid elongation of the hypocotyls than the epicotyl C. one egg and two sperms B. excretion D. possess exoskeletons D. 36. Identical twins inherit their genes from A. capillaries B. The most common characteristic of the fungal hyphae is the possession of A. blood group typing Sex-linked genes are located on A. Rodents gnaw on food with their A. is a medium for all metabolic reactions. 39. embryology C. 24. Which of the following is an example of intraspecific competition? A. prevents the development of diseases in cell D. white Insects are considered the most successful among the invertebrates because they A. Y. An evidence of the relationship between living organisms and their extinct relatives can best be obtained from A. cryptic colouration D. cells C. tongue-rolling D. A worker termite and a soldier in a limited space D. chisel-like front teeth D. feed the young D. Paternity disputes can most accurately be resolved through the use of A. more rapid elongation of the epicotyl than the hypocotyl D. protein synthesis C. protect the young B. 28. survive in various environmental conditions B. fingerprinting C. red D. venules 21 Nervous control differs from hormonal control in that the former A. palaeontology B. arteries C. A hawk and an eagle targeting the same chicken 37. Yam and potato shoots growing out through the same window B. A plant-likefeaturein Euglena is the A. organs B. cell-like partitions formed by cross-walls B. have teeth C. The spots and stripes of the leopard and tiger are examples of A. caterpillar B. strong jaws B.chromosome. VI C. countershading C. involves only chemical transmission C. disperse the population 35.chromosomes D. cell walls that are both rigid and chitinous All living cells require water because it A. have wing for flight The absence of special food and water-conducting systems restricts the body size in A the bryophytes and the pteridophyes B. equal growth rate of both the hypocotyl and epicotyl. comparative anatomy D. homologous chromosomes C. photosynthesis 33. 32.wriggler D. grafting B. is a slower process B. binary fission 18. arterioles D. the same egg and sperm D. tissues 30. produces short-term changes 22. The part labelled II is responsible for A respiration B. possess the ability to change their forms C. a multicellular mycelium in the substrate D. have sebaceous glands B. 27. liverworts and mosses. is a medium that neutralizes acids in cells B. different eggs and sperms 23. The endoplasmic reticulum is represented by the part labelled A. pigment spot 25. systems D. Use the diagram below to answer question 32 and 33. The rods in the retina of the eye are examples of A. II 34. gullet C. In a Mendelian cross of red and white varieties of the four o’clock plant.17. are warmblooded D. The larval stage of a mosquito is called A. cell-like compartments with one nucleus each C. the thallophytes and the pteridophytes C. 19. 20. A peculiar characteristic of mammals is that they A. liverworts. I D. A lizard and an ant-eater chasing an i nsect C. The type of reproduction that is common to both Hydra and yeast is A. two eggs and a sperm C. pellicle D. molar teeth. have lungs. pink C. algae. has no specific pathway D. The function of the long-winged reproductives in a termite colony is to A. . participate in swarming C. grub 31. Epigeal germination of a seed is characterized by A. X-and Y-chromosomes B. maggot C. lack of growth of the hypocotyls B. 29. DNA analysis B. the F1 generation expresses incomplete dominance by having flowers which are A. X. large vacuole B. The surface of an alveolus in a mammals is well supplied with tiny blood vessels known as A. conjugation D. comparative physiology. multicoloured B. mosses and ferns D. disruptive colouration 38. budding C. 26. III B. flat-ridged teeth C. warning colouration B. is the main source of energy for the cells C.

long sticky tongues C. be in similar microhabitats B. A farm practice that results in the loss of soil fertility is A. Plants survive hot dry conditions by A. saprophytism C. Kastina C. II and IV C. Which of the zones is likely to be a desert? A. minimizing the rate of competition B. I D. silty D. storing water in large parenchyma cells. One adaptation of reptiles to water loss is the presence of A. I and III 46. III B. having numerous stomata C. parasitism 49. II and III B. clayey Use the table below to answer questions 44 and 45 . bush fallowing D shifting cultivation. decreasing the reproductive rate 48. mutualism B. producing numerous leaves B. a decrease in biomass at each successive level B.40. an increase in biomass at each successive level 44. commensalism D. loamy C. keratinous scales D. raising the mortality rate C. 41. The soil type that will be most difficult to plough in a wet season is one that is A. Taraba 50. long tails B. occupy different ecological niches C. A caterpillar and an aphid living in different parts of the same plant can be said to A. Kwara D. The scarcity of food causes a sudden decrease in population size by A. having evergreen leave D. be in different habitats The progressive loss of energy at each level in a food chain leads to A. occupy the same ecological niche D. II 45. A state in Nigeria that is most susceptible to desert encroachment is A. continuous cropping B. bringing about immigration D. claws on limbs. an increase in the total weight of living matter at each successive level D. IV C. mixed farming C. The association between termites and the cellulosedigesting protozoan in their guts is an example of A. an increase in the number of organisms at each successive level C. 42. High relative humidity will be expected in zones A. 43. Kaduna B. I and IV D. sandy B. 47.