You are on page 1of 29

PLATE

TECTONICS

BY

IAN
LEO
FABIAN
RYAN

- WHAT ARE PLATE TECTONICS


- KEYWORDS RELATED TO THE TOPIC
- THE MOVEMENT OF THE PLATES &
WHAT IT CAUSES
- CONFIGURATION OF CONTINENTS
NOW, IN THE PAST, AND IN THE
FUTURE

WHAT
ARE
PLATE
TECTONICS

noun. a term used by


scientists to explain the
theory of global distribution
of geological phenomena.

KEYWORDS

CONTINENTS
they are the main areas of land,
that have been split up by
tectonic movement

PANGAEA
the most recent supercontinent
of land, which formed roughly
270 million years ago

EARTHQUAKES
they are natural disasters caused when
tectonic plates transform (when plates
grind against each other, in opposite
directions) and shakes the ground
violently

SLIP
two adjacent plates carrying
land move in opposite directions
without causing natural disasters

SUBDUCTION
when one of two colliding plates slips
under the other, as it carries thinner
pieces of land or it is denser than the
other plate.

SPREADING
when two adjacent plates
carrying pieces of land split
away or diverge.

MOVEMENT
OF
THE
PLATES

For the last 25 years, the leading


theory behind tectonic movement is
related to mantle dynamics.

CONSEQUENCES OF TECTONIC
MOVEMENT:

EARTHQUAKES
VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS
MOUNTAIN RANGES

EARTH:
PAST
PRESENT
FUTURE

RODINIA
1100 MILLION YEARS AGO

PANGAEA
250 MILLION YEARS AGO

CRETACEOUS
145 MILLION YEARS AGO

PRESENT
PRESENT

PANGAEA ULTIMA
250 MILLION YEARS HENCE

SUMMARY
- PLATE TECTONICS IS A THEORY EXPLAINING THE MOVEMENT AND FEATURES
OF THE EARTHS SURFACE
- THE CIRCULAR FLOW OF THE MANTLE CAUSES FRICTION IN THE
ASTHENOSPHERE, WHICH DRIVES THE PLATES
- THE PLATES MOVEMENT CAN CAUSE SOME UNFORESEEN EVENTS SUCH AS:
EARTHQUAKES, VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS, AND THE FORMATION OF MOUNTAIN
RANGES
- RODINIA WAS THE FIRST RECORDED SUPERCONTINENT, WHICH FORMED 1100
MILLION YEARS AGO
- PANGAEA WAS THE MOST RECENT SUPERCONTINENT WHICH FORMED 250
MILLION YEARS AGO
- PANGAEA ULTIMA IS A SUPERCONTINENT PREDICTED TO FORM IN 250
MILLION YEARS

REFERENCES
WIKIPEDIA.ORG
THEGEOGRAPHERONLINE.NET
BEVPEASE.FORCE9.CO.UK
YOUTUBE.COM

IAN
LEO
FABIAN
RYAN

THANKS !