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BEng/MEng Civil Engineering

CV2306 Part 2 Structural Design
Structural Steel Design
Introduction
A three storey steel framed small office building is required for a property developer client; the frame provides the
structure for a series of high specification offices that are intended to be built in the south of England.
The client requires the cheapest solution for the given frame with the following limits imposed to keep fabrication and
assembly costs to a minimum:



Three column section sizes should be used, two for the upper floors and one for the ground floor. Care will be
needed to ensure that an appropriate splice connection can be made.
Up to four beam sizes may be used although effort should also be made to keep these to a similar depth on
any given floor.
Only two beam connection details are required to avoid confusion over the size or type of bolts to be used.
A maximum of two bracing element sizes and connections are required.

Basis of Design
The structure is to be designed in accordance with the requirements of the latest editions of BS EN1990, BS EN1991
and BS EN1993, each with the appropriate National Annex.

Structural arrangement
The structural arrangement is shown in the attached drawing. It consists of two regions that are repeated for each of
the offices. The structure has two key features, a large opening in the first floor slabs to allow for a large entrance
atrium and a cantilevered second floor. The structure is to be designed as a simple frame using nominally pinned
connections. Bracing is hence required to resist lateral loads and provide structural stability.
Grades S275 or S355 steel may be used although the current price difference is small. As such, cheaper solutions
are usually found using S275 but if, for example, a section just fails to meet a requirement then increasing the steel
grade may provide a cheaper alternative than moving up to the next section size. This is particularly useful when
trying to splice columns.
Some dimensions of the structure are dependent upon group members date of birth. These are as follows (in metres):
a = 5.9 + [(dd+mm+yy) of person A in group]/100
b = 8.1 + [(dd+mm+yy) of person B in group]/100
c = 5.4 + [(dd+mm+yy) of person C in group]/100
d = 5.0 + [(dd+mm+yy) of person D in group]/100
NOTE: If there are only three people in your group then ignore the activity of Person D and make dimension d equal to
c.

Loading
Characteristic loads for permanent, variable and wind are to be determined in accordance with EC1 and loading is
nominally residential; further details are given in the notes of the attached drawing. For the purposes of design, take
the upper limit of any load range recommended by EC1. For wind loading, take the worst loading of any region of
southern England south of a line drawn from Bath to London. There is no need to account for any other type of
loading.

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2 floor nd At Gridline B-5. Calculations for the final selected section only should be submitted. 2 floor Person C nd Person D st At Gridline D-3. This summary need only be a list of the members (use grid refs to locate the member). length per element. Details should be appropriate to the specific location. 1 floor Centre of beam at first floor A-1 to B-1 Submission and other considerations Each group must submit their complete set of calculations and sketches of connection details. Person D Person A Person B Person C (ignore if 3 people in group) Roof beams Second floor beams including cantilever (beam 4-6 should be continuous) First floor transfer beams between gridlines 1-3 First floor beams 3A5A/3B-5B Bracing for wind load Outer perimeter columns on upper floors Inner columns on upper floors Ground floor columns Check Person B Check Person C Check Person D Check Person A Connections Isometric and orthographic sketches of suitable details are required for the following connections (no calculations are required. This will be followed by the summary of total steel material usage for the frame along with any further work for the bonus concerning any savings in material usage by using more than the preferred number of elements.5 Number of elements L 12 Equivalent total mass in S275 M =393*12*6. 1 to nd 2 FFL Material a S355 Mass/unit length (kg/m) m 393 Length (m) l 6. the material used.Calculations for structural elements Design calculations are required for the following representative elements. Each students’ work within the group should be presented as a separate section. use of AutoCAD is NOT allowed). number of similar elements and total weight. Person A Person B At Gridline E-1.30 on Friday 29th January 2016 2 . Element location All perimeter st columns.66t TOTAL MASS Add up all values in column above List all members DEADLINE: 14. If you go for the bonus then two tables should be presented to show the comparison.5 =30.

Group mark Individual mark . have the correct axes been used. are buckling lengths correct.g. Submissions must be handwritten on one side of the paper only using the provided calculation sheets. Coursework will be accepted only if submitted with the original cover sheet. tables and equations of the Eurocodes Have the correct clauses been used.e. Each calculation sheet must be initialled and dated by both the student responsible for the calculations and one other acting as checker (you are checking that your colleagues calculations are correct). it isn’t strong enough. If you cannot tell what they have done then I probably wouldn’t as well and hence marks will be lost. A summary electronic submission may be requested. copies of the coversheet will not be accepted. safety and economy of selected structural sections Students have in the past lost marks here for being over conservative e.Marking criteria The secondary coversheet shows the marks allocated to each section of the exercise. Marks will be awarded using the following criteria • • • • • • • Accuracy of calculations including appropriate values from National Annex This is not about how many significant figures you use but about the appropriateness of the calculation to the actual structure e. Conversely. accuracy of checking As a means of assessing whether your colleagues have designed the structural elements correctly you should check their calculations. marks will be lost if a chosen section could actually carry 10 times the applied load.g. quality & neatness of sketches appropriate to application All engineers need to communicate through hand drawn sketches. which will be confirmed at a later date. compliance with standard format including referencing to clauses. even if it’s to aid explanation during a meeting. are they referenced in the left margin so the reader can tell where something has come from. a fail mark would be given if the structure would actually collapse i. quality of presentation Calculations should be clear to read not only in whether the read can tell what the numbers are but also have you explained what you are calculating – a long list of equations does not tell the reader that you are trying to establish the bending strength of a beam. have appropriate combination of loads being taken into account. clarity and conciseness of supporting explanations Are diagrams and written explanations clear and concise? If not then marks will be lost. Given this skill has been poorly demonstrated in the past then please take particular note of the guidance.total Design actions and combinations Element design calculations Connection sketch Presentation and referencing Check of calcs Total 3 Max Mark 10 90 (20) (30) (20) (10) (10) 100 . etc. for example.

Calculations should include a check on the section classification. make sure that you include Checking group members’ calculations Each member should check another members’ calculations for accuracy and correctness of assumptions. it but is a neat and approximately to scale orthographic engineering drawing. marks are often lost for drawing a rigid connection when you have assumed your structure uses simple (pinned) connections.Guidance notes on calculations Actions Characteristic values of loading should be multiplied by appropriate values of partial safety factors for ultimate limit state design calculations. 4 . About any axis.e. use suitable combinations to calculate the critical member forces for design of the designated elements. the worst effect is found with maximum loads on one side and minimum on the other so you’ll need to consider favourable and unfavourable combination factors.e. As simple construction it is assumed that beam reactions act 100mm from the face of the column. calculate the forces acting on the bracing. if Person A gets 67% for their individual work then the checker will get 6. Calculations Calculations should start with a diagram indicating the structural element to be designed. Moments are applied in both directions about interior columns. Most beams will be carrying a small axial load in the plane of the floor due to wind loads transferring to the horizontal bracing. Sketches An engineering sketch is not like an artists’ impression (i. Columns Some columns are double or triple storey height. The use of the calculation sheet is a good start as it has grid lines that you can follow. They can be isometric or orthographic projections (first or third angle projection accepted) although both are required for this coursework. Confirm whether or not a check for shear buckling of the unstiffened web is required but there is no need to design stiffeners. have holes in appropriate places and proper indication of bolts. They should be properly labelled. there will need to be a little collaboration to ensure similar sizes are used. hatched for sections. This will account for the temporary construction stage when the slabs are first lifted into position but not yet connected to the beams. Their direction of span is indicated on the attached drawing and thus their load is equally divided onto the beams at their ends. If more than one loading arrangement is being considered then draw more than one diagram. or at least to determine what the connection might look like. Beams Assume that the beam is not restrained along its length. Bracing From the wind load. Select a trial UB/UKB section on the basis of moment resistance on the assumption that no reduction for shear or axial load is required and then check whether these assumptions are valid. (Note: All permanent actions occur during construction and therefore are not included in this serviceability check. Floor slabs Assume that the floor slabs are one-way spanning. for example. Select a trial UC/UKC section based on axial load capacity and refine your choice as necessary depending on the magnitude of moment capacity required. for example. In addition. Circular hollow sections are to be used for bracing elements. the assumed support conditions and the loading arrangement. Your sketches should be for your structure – not a generic solution. There are 10 marks available and a student is awarded the checked members individual mark i. Given that there will be two designs. Confirm that the total weight of floor construction is less than the initial assumption.7/10. Bolt locations should be accurate. Check that the vertical deflection of the due to unfactored variable loads does not exceed span/360. From these factored loads. one for the ground floor and one for the upper floor.

Listed by Group Number First Name Surname BIANCA DECARLI KAREN FRANCIS JOOST LAMERIS AMIRA MUNIE MOHAMMED ALKHORSAN MATHURAN BALACHANDRAN JOSIAH JOHNSON SUGANJAN SAUVENDRANAYAGAM MOHAMED ABUEGAILA MOHAMED ABULFATEH SHAREEF ALI MOHANAD NABIL MAAROUF HANNAH ESGUERRA MELANIE MURALI ANNA NASSANO SONIA SUNWAR FARIS AL AMER KAMIL BEDNAREK JORGE CARO YIKA ZIMUZO OBI David Bowles Fraser Godfrey HENRY KIRKBRIDE NICOLAS LAM TIAN LIEW NGHIA NGUYEN REENA HIRANI AJMAIN KHAN KHADRA MOORE Nasrin Sadeghi HAMZA ACHAROUI EMMANUEL EDE ANAMUL HUSSAIN SHARIQ NAQVI HEBA RIAZ ANTONIO ALLEGRI ZEISHAN MUHAMMAD TARA SASSEL ZABHI HUSSAINI HUMZA KAZI MOHAMMED KHALEF ENAMMUL MIAH SAKIB AL-RASHID MUHAMMAD FARAZ AMMAAR KHAN ABDURRAHMAN LAMARA JAMIE HARRISON-GRUNDY DAISY HOBSON AMY LEGGETT-AULD ANTONIO VACCA Listed by Surname First Name Surname MOHAMED ABUEGAILA MOHAMED ABULFATEH HAMZA ACHAROUI SHAKIL AHMED FARIS AL AMER SURAJ ALEXANDER SHAREEF ALI MOHAMMED ALKHORSAN ANTONIO ALLEGRI SAKIB AL-RASHID MOHAMED AMMACHE RADU APOSTOL MUHAMMAD ARSHAD SHEHMEER ASAD MATHURAN BALACHANDRAN KAMIL BEDNAREK SEVDA BEHBUDOVA David Bowles JORGE CARO YIKA KARL DAGHER MARIO DE LANDRO BIANCA DECARLI EMMANUEL EDE ANDREAS EGELAND LUKE ELLIMAN HANNAH ESGUERRA MAHAMED FARAH AHMED FARAH SIGAD MUHAMMAD FARAZ BASHIR FARUKH KAREN FRANCIS DELUXSON GNANASAMBANTHAN Fraser Godfrey MIGUEL GONZALEZ URQUHART AYATUL HAQUE JAMIE HARRISON-GRUNDY REENA HIRANI DAISY HOBSON ANAMUL HUSSAIN ZABHI HUSSAINI JOSIAH JOHNSON HUMZA KAZI MOHAMMED KHALEF AJMAIN KHAN AMMAAR KHAN HENRY KIRKBRIDE HUSEYIN KOCADAG SHRAVAN KORDE NICOLAS LAM ABDURRAHMAN LAMARA Gp 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 6 6 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 10 10 10 10 11 11 11 11 12 12 12 12 13 13 13 13 14 14 14 14 5 Gp 3 3 10 19 5 22 3 2 11 13 22 15 16 19 2 5 21 6 5 23 18 1 10 22 23 4 17 23 13 17 1 15 6 16 20 14 9 14 10 12 2 12 12 9 13 8 18 22 8 13 .

Listed by Group Number First Name Surname RADU APOSTOL DELUXSON GNANASAMBANTHAN DANIEL RAHMAN EROTOKRITOS VASILIOU MUHAMMAD ARSHAD GONZALEZ MIGUEL URQUHART MAX MCCARTHY SUTHARSAN NAVARATNAM MAHAMED FARAH BASHIR FARUKH HASAN MOHAMED SHAYAN RASSOLPOUR MARIO DE LANDRO HUSEYIN KOCADAG HOUTAN MARD-ALI-POUR MAIWAND SAID SHAKIL AHMED SHEHMEER ASAD SAID SAID AYATUL HAQUE MUHAMMAD RAZA WASALA WIJESINGHE SEVDA BEHBUDOVA AHMED SHEIKHOSMAN ABDUL THOMAS SURAJ ALEXANDER MOHAMED AMMACHE ANDREAS EGELAND SHRAVAN KORDE KARL DAGHER LUKE ELLIMAN AHMED FARAH SIGAD MUHAMMAD RABBANI Listed by Surname First Name Surname JOOST LAMERIS AMY LEGGETT-AULD TIAN LIEW HOUTAN MARD-ALI-POUR MAX MCCARTHY Gp 15 15 15 15 16 16 16 16 17 17 17 17 18 18 18 18 19 19 19 20 20 20 21 21 21 22 22 22 22 23 23 23 23 ENAMMUL HASAN KHADRA ZEISHAN AMIRA MELANIE MOHANAD SHARIQ ANNA SUTHARSAN NGHIA ZIMUZO MUHAMMAD DANIEL SHAYAN MUHAMMAD HEBA Nasrin MAIWAND SAID TARA SUGANJAN AHMED SONIA ABDUL ANTONIO EROTOKRITOS WASALA 6 MIAH MOHAMED MOORE MUHAMMAD MUNIE MURALI NABIL MAAROUF NAQVI NASSANO NAVARATNAM NGUYEN OBI RABBANI RAHMAN RASSOLPOUR RAZA RIAZ Sadeghi SAID SAID SASSEL SAUVENDRANAYAGAM SHEIKHOSMAN SUNWAR THOMAS VACCA VASILIOU WIJESINGHE Gp 1 14 8 18 16 12 17 9 11 1 4 3 10 4 16 8 5 23 15 17 20 11 9 18 19 11 2 21 4 21 14 15 20 .

d Roof (+b+2.25kN/m hanging on the slab edges on the perimeter of the building i. Except as described in Note 5.5 6 5 NOTES: c 1.e.7 2 4 Roof plan B E 1. 2.3kN/m2 for partitions and flooring.7 3 B E 2 4 E d c 1 5 H H H H 6 Second floor plan B E 1. 3. The self weight of the cladding is supported by the floor below. Plans show column arrangement below slab. 50mm screed and 1.5m) 2nd FFL (+bm) 1st FFL (+3. 4. For cladding. Column and beam lengths as nominally indicated in section A-A. all floors and roof to be designed for a 125mm slab.5m) Ground (+0m) b 1 b 2 3 A-A 4 1. Column axes to be oriented as indicated.B A A B 5 1 3 H H 6 A H B 5 1 2 4 6 A H H H H A B H H H H C H H H D H H H 5 1 2 4 6 A H H H H A B B H H H H B H C C H H H H C H D D H H H H D A a H H H B B 4 C H H H C a D H H H D A A 4 E H H H b b 1 E 1 5 First floor plan d c 6 H H H H 1. allow for 1.7 4 6 5 E 4 a D C B-B KEY: a B Void in slab A CV2406 Structural Design Design of Steel Structures Coursework 2015 DRAWN BY: BM SCALE: 1:250 SIZE: A3 .