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MEMB113

09 AutoCAD Part 2

09 AutoCAD Part 2

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

Content




OSNAP
OTRACK
LAYER
BLOCK & INSERT
Draw command: rectangle,
polygon
• Edit command: trim, offset,
extend, array
• Demo: Producing multi-view
drawing using AutoCAD

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the cursor will jump or snap to the certain point on an object e. can activate any number at a time Nearest Endpoint Midpoint Tangent Quadrant Center Extension Apparent Intersection 09 AutoCAD Part 2 Intersection Node Insert Parallel Perpendicular MEMB113 | Dept. a very useful tool – To snap on a geometric point on an object – Can be turned off or on by clicking OSNAP button on status bar or press CTRL+F or F3 key – When turned on. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Drawing aid: Object snap • Object snap or OSNAP – Are functions to aid the drawing process.g.09 AutoCAD Part 2 MEMB113 | Dept. mid-point of a line or tangent of a circle – Includes visual aid – AutoSnap – Several OSNAP modes available. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Object snap …cont • OSNAP setting – Right-click OSNAP button – ‘Drafting Setting’ dialog box turns up – Can be used to turn on or off object snap modes – Symbols indicated by each mode are shown in drawing with yellow marker 2 .

arc or ellipse Nearest – Snap to the nearest point on an entities Perpendicular – Snap to the point perpendicular to an entity such as straight line 3 . – Hover the mouse over the existing object. • Yellow marker shows up with tool tip • Indicating what type of geometric point snap can be done 09 AutoCAD Part 2 Endpoint Midpoint Intersection Example of OTRACK MEMB113 | Dept. or arc Center – Snap to the center of entity such as circle. e. midpoint of a straight line. ARC.g. end of a line Midpoint – Snap to the midpoint of an entity. e.g. etc.09 AutoCAD Part 2 MEMB113 | Dept. circle or ellipse Intersection – Snap to the intersection of two entities Tangent – Snap to the tangent of entities such as circle. CIRCLE. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Object snap modes…cont • • • • • • • • • Endpoint – Snap to endpoint of the nearest entity. e. LINE. arc or ellipse Node – Snap to the nearest point (entity) Quadrant – Snap to the quarter position on the circumference of an arc.g. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Object snap …cont • How to use: – You need to have an object on drawing area – Then you need to be in a drawing command.

of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Layer – Similar to thin transparent sheet being stacked on each other – different part of the drawing can be drawn on different layer – to create and use layers: • [pd menu] > Format >Layer • click [Icon Layer] • Layer properties manager 09 AutoCAD Part 2 MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Layers Layer icon Layer status Layer list New layer On/off Layer name Colour Set to current layer Delete layer Lock/unlock Freeze/thaw 4 .09 AutoCAD Part 2 MEMB113 | Dept.

select objects to be included – To insert/paste block into drawing – [pd menu] > Insert > Block or click [Icon Insert Block] – Specify insertion point on drawing to paste (1) Give name (2) Base point Base point (3) Select objects Insert block 09 AutoCAD Part 2 Block (make) MEMB113 | Dept... Or [Icon Insert Block] – command:insert {enter} Select block Insert icon Insertion point Scale Rotation 5 . where objects can be copied and inserted into the drawing Steps – Create block [pd menu] >Block > Make or click [Icon Block] – Give name. cont • To use/paste the block in drawing – [pd menu] > Insert > Block. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Block and insert • • Block and insert is similar to copy and paste.09 AutoCAD Part 2 MEMB113 | Dept.. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Block & insert . but with extra features.

09 AutoCAD Part 2 MEMB113 | Dept. specify opposite corner. or [Corner/XYZ] <1>: Enter Y scale factor <use X scale factor>: Specify rotation angle <0>: 90 Enter number of rows (---) <1>: 2 Enter number of columns (|||) <1>: 1 Enter distance between rows or specify unit cell (---): 40 09 AutoCAD Part 2 Specify filename Location on disk MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Rectangle • 1st point To draw a rectangular object – [pd menu] > Draw > Rectangle or [Icon Rectangle] or Command:rectangle or rectang 2nd point Rectangle icon Rectangle shape Rectangle – with 0.25 fillet 6 .25 chamfer Rectangle – with 0. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Block / insert • To copy & paste object into different drawings use command wblock and minsert Select object – Command: wblock – Command: minsert Base point Command: minsert Enter block name or [?]: kerusi Specify insertion point or [Scale/X/Y/Z/Rotate/PScale/PX/PY/PZ/PRota te]: Enter X scale factor.

09 AutoCAD Part 2 MEMB113 | Dept. parallel lines and curves – [pd menu] > Modify > Offset or [Icon Offset] – Specify the distance – Select the object – Click on the side to place the object Before After Before After Offset icon Before After 7 . pentagon etc.g hexagon. – [pd menu] > Draw > Polygon or [Icon Polygon] or Command: polygon 1st point Polygon icon Center .Inscribed 2nd point 1st point Center . of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Polygon • To draw many.side closed object e. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Offset • To create copy of existing object at a certain distance – Concentric circles and squares.& equal.Circumscribed Edge 1st point 2nd point 2nd point 09 AutoCAD Part 2 Examples of polygon drawn MEMB113 | Dept.

of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Trim • To remove a certain part of an object based on other object(s) – [pd menu] > Modify > Trim or [Icon Trim] Before Cutting edge After Part to be removed Before After Cutting edge Before Part to be removed 09 AutoCAD Part 2 After Part to be removed Cutting edge Cutting edge Part to be removed Before Cutting edge After Before Part to be removed After MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Extend • To extend an object to another selected object – [pd menu] > Modify > Extend or [Icon Extend] or – command: extend – Steps • Active the command • Click an object to be the boundary object • The the object to be extended • The object should extend to the boundary object Before After Boundary object Object to extend Before After Boundary object Object to extend 8 .09 AutoCAD Part 2 MEMB113 | Dept.

5 Angle of array = -30 Distance between objects Arrangement Angle of array preview Angle of array 9 . of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Array …cont Rectangular array – Click Select object button – Click on object(s) or entity to be copied – Press enter – Change the value of rows and columns accordingly – Type in offset distance and direction No. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Array • Creates multiple copies with a certain pattern and distance • 2 types: rectangular and polar Array icon Rectangular array – – – [pd menu] > Modify > Array… [icon Array] Array Window will be displayed 09 AutoCAD Part 2 Before After MEMB113 | Dept.09 AutoCAD Part 2 MEMB113 | Dept. of columns No. of rows Select object(s) button Row offset =1 Column offset =1.

of item & angle to fill • No. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Array …cont No. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Array …cont Polar array – – [pd menu] > Modify > Array… [icon Array] Click on Polar Array Select object(s) Specify center point Select method • No.09 AutoCAD Part 2 MEMB113 | Dept. of item = 6 Angle to fill = -180 Rotate = No No. of item = 8 Angle to fill = 360 Rotate = No Before Before After Before After After No. of item = 8 Angle to fill = 360 Rotate = Yes 10 .of item & angle between item • Angle to fill & angle between item – Specify the required value – Click on ‘rotate item as copied’ check box if required 09 AutoCAD Part 2 – – – – MEMB113 | Dept.

09 AutoCAD Part 2 Demo MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Assignment: How to draw this object in AutoCAD? 11 .

of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Example – produce multi-view drawing 60 18 24 9 R5 20 18 8 12 R9 R20 9 12 09 AutoCAD Part 2 10 MEMB113 | Dept.09 AutoCAD Part 2 MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Example – produce multi-view drawing 12 .