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PressInformationBureau

GovernmentofIndia
MinistryofFinance
27February201512:17IST

SkillDevelopmentandEmploymentaremajorChallenges:EconomicSurvey
Thereisadualchallengeofdevelopingskillsandutilizingtheminaproperway.TheEconomic
Survey 201415 has stated that as per the Labour Bureau Report 2014, the present skilled
workforce in India is only 2 percent, which is much lower when compared to the developing
nations. As per the report, the number persons aged 15 years who have received or be receiving
skillsismerely6.8percent.
TheEconomicSurvey201415statedthataspertheNationalSkillDevelopmentCorporationthere
is a need of 120 million skilled people in the nonfarm sector for the period 201314. Dearth of
formalvocationaleducation,lackofvidevariationquality,highschooldropoutrates,inadequate
skilltrainingcapacity,negativeperceptiontowardsskilling,andlackofindustryreadyskillseven
inprocessionalcoursesarethemajorcauseofpoorskilllevelsofIndiasworkforce.Somerecent
initiatives that aim to enhance access, equality, quality, innovation in the area of higher and
vocational education are the Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan, Technical Education Quality
ImprovementProgramme,andNationalSkillQualificationFramework.
A dedicated Department of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship has been created under the
Ministry of Skill Development, Entrepreneurship, Youth Affairs and Sports to accord focused
attentioninthisarea.TheDeenDayalUpadhyayaGrameenKoushalyaYojanaforpoorruralyouth
andNaiManzilforeducationandskilldevelopmentofminoritydropoutshavealsobeensetup.
TheEconomicSurveyhasshownthecauseforconcernisthedecelerationinthecompoundannual
growth rate of employment during 200405 to 201112 to 0.5 percent from 2.8 percent during
19992000 to 200405 as against growth rate of 2.9 percent and 0.4 percent respectively in the
labourforceforthesameperiods.
There have also been structural changes to the share of primary sector in total employment has
dippedbelowthehalfwaymarkwhileemploymentinsecondaryandtertiarysectorshaveshowna
considerable increase. Selfemployment continues to dominate, with a 52.2 percent share in total
employment with significant share of workers engaged in lowincomegeneration activities, the
EconomicSurveyadded.
TheEconomicSurveyalsoobservedthatthereareotherissuesofconcernlikepooremployment
growth in rural areas, particularly among women. In order to improve generation of productive
employmentundertheMahatmaGandhiNationalRuralEmploymentGuaranteeAct,theIntensive
and Participatory Planning Exercise has been initiated to prepare the labour budget for financial
year201516inselected2500backwardblocksusingparticipatoryruralappraisaltechnique.
The Economic Survey 201415 has concluded that a major impediment to the pace of quality
employmentgenerationinIndiaisthesmallshareofmanufacturingintotalemployment.However,
data from the 68th NSSO round (201112) indicates a revival in employment growth in
manufacturingfrom11percentin200910to12.6percentin201112.Thisissignificantgiventhat
the National Manufacturing Policy 2011 has set a target of creating 100 million jobs by 2022.
Promotinggrowthofmicro,small,andmediumenterprisesiscriticalfromtheperspectiveofjob
creationwhichhasbeenrecognizedasaprimemoverofthedevelopmentagendainIndia.

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