You are on page 1of 5

International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology (IJMET)

Volume 7, Issue 2, March-April 2016, pp. 191195, Article ID: IJMET_07_02_021


Available online at
http://www.iaeme.com/IJMET/issues.asp?JType=IJMET&VType=7&IType=2
Journal Impact Factor (2016): 9.2286 (Calculated by GISI) www.jifactor.com
ISSN Print: 0976-6340 and ISSN Online: 0976-6359
IAEME Publication

DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF AXIAL


CROSSING OF WORK ROLLS IN ROLLING
MILL WORK ROLL ASSEMBLY: A REVIEW
Nilam K. Wankhade
PG Scholar, Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Datta Meghe Institute of Engineering Technology and Research Wardha, India
Dhananjay. R. Ikhar
HOD, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Datta Meghe Institute of Engineering
Technology and Research, Wardha, India
ABSTRACT
Rolling Mill is one of the machine for rolling steel or other metal into
sheets. For reliable and efficient working of rolling mill it is necessary that all
the components used in rolling mill should work properly without fail. Work
roll assembly is very important part of the rolling mill. It has been observed
that In hot rolling mill during the metal rolling at finishing mill (4-Hi mill
Reversible) , work roll pair come out due to the axial crossing of work rolls
and due to which uneven thickness of metal, strip breakage, bending of locking
plate, metal shifting and equipment breakdown occurs. After the Study it has
been observed that wear of the work roll liner is one of the reasons for the
axial crossing of the work rolls. By modeling in Pro-E software and analysis
in ANSYS13.0 (workbench) software it has observed that the wear is there in
the liner. Through this analysis I found the stresses developed on liner under
working process. Axial crossing of work rolls is the major Problem Facing by
Steel rolling companies and due to this crossing there will be defects in the
Products of the rolling mill. By conducting the detailed analysis it has been
found that if we change the material 1045 steel to improved material or
induction hardening of the liner then there will be less wear in the liner so that
we can reduce this problem.
Key words: HRM (Hot rolling mill), Work Roll Axial Crossing, work roll
liner, analysis etc.
Cite this Article Nilam K. Wankhade and Dhananjay. R. Ikhar, Design and
Analysis of Axial Crossing of Work Rolls in Rolling Mill Work Roll
Assembly: A Review. International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and
Technology, 7(2), 2016, pp. 191195.
http://www.iaeme.com/currentissue.asp?JType=IJMET&VType=7&IType=2

http://www.iaeme.com/IJMET/index.asp

191

editor@iaeme.com

Nilam K. Wankhade and Dhananjay. R. Ikhar

1. INTRODUCTION
Rolling is classified according to the temperature of the metal being rolled. If the
temperature of the metal is above its re-crystallization temperature, then the process
is known as Hot Rolling. If the
Temperature of the metal is below its re-crystallization temperature the process is
known as Cold Rolling process. In Hot rolling process slabs are heated in a reheating
furnace before being processed. The heated slabs from the furnace are rolled to attain
its desired dimension through different steps. In the first step it rolled through
roughing mill stand and finished in finishing mill in second step. Work roll assembly
is the main part of the HRM as the actual reduction is done in this assembly.

Figure 1 Rolling mill work rolls Assembly

The problem is related to HRM Finishing Stand. In hot rolling mill during the
metal rolling at finishing mill (4-Hi mill Reversible) , work roll pair come out due to
the axial crossing of work rolls and due to which uneven thickness of metal, strip
breakage, bending of locking plate, metal shifting and equipment breakdown occurs.
After the Study it had been observed that wear of the work roll liner is one of the
reasons for the axial crossing of the work rolls.
The aim of review is to find out what are various causes of defects occurred in the
product. Various papers has been referred for collecting the data for Finding the
causes of failure and finally how those failure can be avoided by using various tools
have been identified.

2. FUNCTIONS OF WORK LINER


Liners plays very important role in maintaining position of roll assembly for
achieving the desired quality of product being rolled. For a mill to roll any product to
an accurate shape and size, the alignment of the rolls and the roll gap must be
precisely maintained. Wear on the mating surfaces of the roll chocks liner and mill
housings liner can cause excessive clearance between the two parts which can cause
axis crossing of roll, resulting Loss of gauge control, Loss of shape, reduced speed,
and ultimately result in loss of production.

http://www.iaeme.com/IJMET/index.asp

192

editor@iaeme.com

Design and Analysis of Axial Crossing of Work Rolls in Rolling Mill Work Roll
Assembly: A Review

Figure 2 Rolling Mill Work Liner

3. LITERATURE REVIEW
Sudipta Sikda (R & D, Tata Steel, India) etal, [1] discussed that predictive models are
required to provide the bending set point for bending for the flatness control devices
at rolling stands of finishing mill of Hot Strip Mill (HSM). A simple model for roll
stack deflection at the finishing mill has been illustrated where a modified Misakas
equation has been used to obtain mean flow-stress. Investigation has been performed
to understand the effect of width of roll on roll stack deflection. The bending on the
deflection has been found to have a positive effect to reduce the amount of the stack
deflection. The results from the sensitivity analysis of the roll width on roll deflection
are also described.
Dr. Karl Heinrich Schroder [2] conducted a study regarding what should be the
conditions to improve the performance of work roll. They have discussed the
important parameter related to rolling. Rolling condition can be determined in a good
informative way from rolling schedules, rather than from the mills layout. The rolling
conditions should be studied for all rolling schedules of a rolling program to detect
possible critical conditions.
Diego Alvarez, etal [3] discussed the problem of uneven thickness of slab. The
deviation of the thickness causes stops in the rolling train, due to the clogging of the
strips in the finishing mill. For this defects they have suggest the fuzzy controller to
receive the input signal and give the output. With the fuzzy control can get the signals
that something is wrong and so that we take the corrective action to reduce the
defects.
Tapany Udomphol, [4] derived the expression related to rolling and formulae of
the each and every parameter such as pressure, force, angle of bite etc. These are very
important formulas in any project related to rolling mill or rolling process. If the
diameter of roll increases then the length of contact will also increase and we will get
the maximum thickness of the slab in single pass of rolling.
Kumar K. Mukerjee, [5] explained the basic concept of rolling and theories of
strip rolling. Author also explains practical application of the rolling theories and how

http://www.iaeme.com/IJMET/index.asp

193

editor@iaeme.com

Nilam K. Wankhade and Dhananjay. R. Ikhar


this concept used in designing of hot strip mills. Design of the rolling mill should be
accurate and proper so that we can get the good strip thickness and product without
any defects.
A. K. Ray, et al, [6] discussed that what are the causes for the failure of work rolls
in cold rolling mill. They collected the samples from steel plant were examined for
their chemistry, inclusion content, microstructures, carbide characteristics, hardness
and the retained austenite content. The residual stresses are measured on the inner as
well as the outer surface of the spalled roll pieces. The results obtained have been
discussed in the paper.

4. DISCUSSION
From the literature survey, it is revealed that proper designing of the mills is very
important for the quality of the rolled product. At the time of designing mills
consideration of the parameters is very important. With the help of these papers
manual calculation for the forces acting on the liner can be done. Analysis using
ANSYS software to find out Stresses and the wear in the liner of work liner of the
rolling mill work roll assembly may be carried out for further study.

5. CONCLUSION
Model based on the FE method can be used to find out the stresses and deformation of
the liner in which the wear takes place. Effects of main rolling process parameters
such as rolling speed, Pressure, Roll diameter and strip reduction (Thickness) has to
be taken into consideration at the time of Force calculation. Basic concept and
theories of strip rolling plays very important role in any work associated to rolling. So
it has been decided by referring various data from the Papers that manual design,
followed by modeling on the software via cad tools CREO and analysis on
ANSYS13.0 (workbench) of the liner will be done. The aim of the project is to reduce
the problem of the axial crossing of the work rolls in rolling mill assembly; by
keeping this in mind project work have been started.

REFERENCES
[1]

[2]

[3]

[4]
[5]

Sudipta Sikda (R & D, Tata Steel, India), Shylu John (R & D, Tata Steel, India),
Ashwin Pandit (R & D, Tata Steel, India) Raju Dasu (R & D, Tata Steel, India)
Analysis of roll stack deflection in a hot strip mill Paper accepted March, 2007.
Technical Editor: Anselmo E. Diniz. 284 / Vol. XXIX, No. 3, July-September
2007
Dr. Karl Heinrich ,Rolling conditions in hot strip mills and their influence on the
performance on the work Rolls Institute Latinoamericano del Fierrov Acero,
Maxico, March 9 1988, MPT Plant and Technology Issue No. 4/88, Pages 4456, Verlsg Stahleisen MbH, Dusseldorf.
Diego Alvarez , Alberto B. Diez, Faustino Obeso, Slab curvature compensation
in hot rolling mill by means o Fuzzy Control , Paper at the III seminar on rolling
Mill Rolls , Institute Latinoamericano del Fierro v Acero, Maxico, March 9
1988.
Tapany Udomphol, Rolling of metals Suranaree University of Technology JanMar 2007.
Kumar K. Mukerjee A critical review of the mechanics of metal rolling, its
application to the design of hot strip mills, Sir George Williams University
Montreal Canada, April 1973.

http://www.iaeme.com/IJMET/index.asp

194

editor@iaeme.com

Design and Analysis of Axial Crossing of Work Rolls in Rolling Mill Work Roll
Assembly: A Review
[6]

[7]
[8]
[9]
[10]

[11]

A. K. Ray, K. K. Mishra & P. N. Chaudhary Failure analysis of rolls of cold


rolling mill in steel plant Proceedings : Cofa-1997 Nml Jamshedpur ; pp. 3746.
R. Chandramouli Analysis of strip rolling by Associate Dean-Research
SASTRA University, Thanjavur-613 401
Saral Dutta Hot rolling practice, B. Tech. (Hons.), I.I.T. Executive Director,
ISP & RMD, SAIL.
Saral Dutta B. Tech. (Hons.), I.I.T. Executive Director, ISP & RMD, SAIL
(Retired), Flat and shape rolling processes.
Dr Ravi Kumar Goyal Anurag Joshi and Umesh Gurnani, Comparison of Roll
Deformation In 4hi Rolling Mill and 20 Hi Rolling Mill Due To Thermal
Stresses, Overloading, Spalling and Design Parameters. International Journal of
Design and Engineering and Technology, 7(1), 2016, pp. 0722.
A text book of Machine Design by Khurmi and Gupta.

http://www.iaeme.com/IJMET/index.asp

195

editor@iaeme.com