NET Guide

Coding in .Net
The appearance of objects on the form can be changed either at design time or at runtime.

Changing Properties at design time
1. Click on the object 2. Click on the property you want to change in the properties window 3. Type the new value or select the value from the drop-down menu
NB: Setting properties at design time is useful for establishing initial values quickly; but setting properties within code gives the programmer more control over when properties are changed.

Changing Properties at run-time
The structure of a basic statement is: = value This changes the property of the specified object to the desired value. eg: txtGreeting.text = “Hello” This sets the text box’s text property to “Hello” – ie: displays “Hello” in the text box. To test the value of a property in a condition, the same structure should be used. If txtGreeting.text = “Hello” then txtGreeting.text = “Hi” Else txtGreeting.text = “Bye” End if This changes the contents of the text box depending on the current contents.

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SEB’s VB.NET Guide

Most languages include a library of functions available to reduce duplication of frequently used code. These functions usually perform tasks such as searching, sorting or manipulation of strings (extract, delete & insert).

Useful functions: STR Returns a String representation of a number VAL Returns the numbers contained in a string as a numeric value of appropriate type RND The function RND can be used to generate a random number. The number generated will be between 0 and 1 so you need to multiply the number by the maximum number you want to be generated. You need to use the command Randomize to get a different series of random numbers each time the code is run. Example: ldblrand = Rnd*100 This will generate a random number between 0 and 100 (with decimal places). INT The function INT takes the integer part of a number. NOTE: It is not the same as rounding! The fractional part of the number is truncated and lost. Example: lintrand = Int (Rnd * 100) This will generate a whole number between 0 and 100. ABS Abs takes a number but ignores the sign (+ or -).

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SEB’s VB.NET Guide

Example: Intdist = ImgA.left – ImgB.left The statement above will calculate the distance between the left of image A and the left of image B. If image A is nearer to the left than image B, the distance will be negative. If imgA.left = 100 and imgB.left = 200, Intdist would be -100. If the images were reversed, Intdist would be 100. Therefore, simply calculating the distance the sign needs to be omitted. The Abs function does this: it takes the result, but ignores the sign. Intdist = Abs (ImgA.left – ImgB.left)

In Object Oriented languages objects have associated functionality, methods. Properties are what objects have; methods are what they do. What would have previously involved the use of functions may now be performed through using an object’s method.

eg: strMyString.ToLower
The ToLower method associated with strings which appears to convert the string into lower case characters. It actually converts a copy of the string to lower case characters.

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