Intelligence Test Mental Age

Stanford-Binet Intelligence Quotient (IQ)

Operant Learning Linguistic Determinism Procedural Memory Intelligence Factor Analysis General Intelligence (g)

Savant Syndrome

Gardner's Eight Intelligences Robert Strenberg's Intelligences Emotional Intelligence Creativity Eugenics Aptitude Test

a method for assessing an individual's mental aptitudes and comparing them with those of others, using numerical scores a measure of intelligence test performance devised by Binet; the chronological age that most typically corresponds to given level of performance. Thus, a child who does as well as the average 8-year-old is said to have a mental age of 8 the widely used American revision (by Terman at Stanford) of Binet's original intelligence test defined originally as the ratio of mental age (ma) to chronological age (ca) multiplied by 100 (thus, IQ=ma/caX100). On contemporary intelligence tests, the average performance for a given age is assigned a score of 100 Skinner believed that we can explain language development with familiar learning principles, such as association, imitation, and reinforcement Whorf's hypothesis that language determines what we think; "Language itself shapes a (person)'s basic ideas" "Language itself shapes a (person)'s basic ideas"; thinking affects our language, which then affects our thought mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related items (called factors) on a test; used to identify different dimensions of performance that underlie one's total score a general intelligence factor that Spearman and others believed underlies specific mental abilities and is therefore measured by every task on an intelligence test; debated; defined differently in different cultures a condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an exceptional specific skill, such as in computation or drawing; score low on intelligence tests; many have autism; 4 in 5 are male verbal, mathematical, musical, spacial, kinetic, intrinsic, extrinsic, disagreed upon by some psychologists Analytical, creative, practical the ability to perceive, express, understand, and regulate emotions the ability to produce novel and valuable ideas; not measured on intelligence tests a 19th century movement that proposed measuring human traits and using the results to encourage to discourage people from reproducing a test designed to predict a person's future performance; aptitude is the capacity to learn; aptitude test results are influenced by achievement test results and vis versa

Achievement Test Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) Standardization Normal Curve

Reliability Validity Content Validity Criterion Predictive Validity

Mental Retardation Mild Mental Retardation

Moderate Mental Retardation Severe Mental Retardation

Profound Mental Retardation Down Syndrome Stereotype Threat

a test designed to assess what a person has learned; aptitude test results are influenced by achievement test results and vis versa the WAIS is the most widely used intelligence test; contains verbal and performance (nonverbal) subtests; differences in verbal and performance scores indicate a learning disability; 11 subtests defining meaningful scores by comparison with the performance of a pretested "standardization group" the symmetrical bell-shaped curve that describes the distribution of many physical and psychological attributes. Most scores fall near the average, and fewer and fewer scores lie near the extremes the extent to which a test yields consistent results, as assessed by he consistency of sores on two halves of the test, on alternate forms of the test, or on retesting the extent to which a test measures or predicts what it is supposed to the extent to which a test samples the behavior that is of interest (such as a driving test that samples driving tasks) the behavior (such as college grades) that a test (such as the SAT) is designed to predict; thus, the measure used in defining whether the test has predictive validity) the success with which a test predicts the behavior it is designed to predict; it is assessed by computing the correlation between test scores and he criterion behavior (also called criterion-realated validity) a condition of limited mental ability, indicated by an intelligence score below 70 and difficulty in adapting to the demands of life; varies from mild to profound Intelligence Test Score: 50-70 85% of people with mental retardation learn academic skills to the 6th grade and live on their own with a job Intelligence Test Score: 35-49 10% of people with mental retardation learn academic skills to the 2nd grade and maybe get a job Intelligence Test Score: 20-34 3-4% of people with mental retardation may learn to talk and perform simple tasks under close supervision, usually unable to profit from vocational training Intelligence Test Score: below 2o 1-2% of people with mental retardation require constant aid and supervision a condition of retardation and associated physical disorders caused by an extra chromosome in one's genetic makeup a self-confirming concern that one will be evaluated based on a negative stereotype

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