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Gantt chart

“Gantt” redirects here. For other uses, see Gantt (disam- biguation). A Gantt chart is a type of bar chart, devised by Henry

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Gantt in the 1910s, that illustrates a project schedule. Gantt charts illustrate the start and finish dates of the terminal elements and summary elements of a project. Terminal elements and summary elements comprise the work breakdown structure of the project. Modern Gantt charts also show the dependency (i.e., precedence net- work) relationships between activities. Gantt charts can be used to show current schedule status using percent- complete shadings and a vertical “TODAY” line as shown here.

Although now regarded as a common charting technique, Gantt charts were considered revolutionary when first introduced. [1] This chart is also used in information tech- nology to represent data that has been collected.

creation of complex and elaborate Gantt charts. The first desktop applications were intended mainly for project managers and project schedulers. With the advent of the Internet and increased collaboration over networks at the

end of the 1990s, Gantt charts became a common fea-

ture of web-based applications, including collaborative

  • 2 Example

In the following table there are seven tasks, labeled A

through G. Some tasks can be done concurrently (A and

B) while others cannot be done until their predecessor

task is complete (C and D cannot begin until A is com- plete). Additionally, each task has three time estimates:

the optimistic time estimate (O), the most likely or nor- mal time estimate (M), and the pessimistic time estimate (P). The expected time (TE) is estimated using the beta probability distribution for the time estimates, using the formula (O + 4M + P) ÷ 6.

Once this step is complete, one can draw a Gantt chart or a network diagram.

Gantt chart “Gantt” redirects here. For other uses, see <a href=Gantt (disam- biguation) . A Gantt chart is a type of bar chart , devised by Henry WEEKS: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 21 22 23 0% 67% complete FINISH-TO-FINISH complete 0% 75% complete complete complete 0% 57% complete 50% complete 0% complete 0% complete WBS 1 Summary Element 1 WBS 1.1 Activity A START-TO-START WBS WBS WBS 1.2 1.3 1.4 Activity Activity Activity B C D FINISH-TO-START WBS 2 Summary Element 2 WBS 2.1 Activity E WBS WBS 2.3 2.2 Activity Activity G F TODAY A Gantt chart showing three kinds of schedule dependencies (in red) and percent complete indications. Gantt in the 1910s, that illustrates a project schedule . Gantt charts illustrate the start and finish dates of the terminal elements and summary elements of a project . Terminal elements and summary elements comprise the work breakdown structure of the project. Modern Gantt charts also show the dependency (i.e., precedence net- work) relationships between activities. Gantt charts can be used to show current schedule status using percent- complete shadings and a vertical “TODAY” line as shown here. Although now regarded as a common charting technique, Gantt charts were considered revolutionary when first introduced. This chart is also used in information tech- nology to represent data that has been collected. creation of complex and elaborate Gantt charts. The first desktop applications were intended mainly for project managers and project schedulers. With the advent of the Internet and increased collaboration over networks at the end of the 1990s, Gantt charts became a common fea- ture of web-based applications, including collaborative groupware . 2 Example In the following table there are seven tasks, labeled A through G . Some tasks can be done concurrently ( A and B ) while others cannot be done until their predecessor task is complete ( C and D cannot begin until A is com- plete). Additionally, each task has three time estimates: the optimistic time estimate ( O ), the most likely or nor- mal time estimate ( M ), and the pessimistic time estimate ( P ). The expected time ( TE ) is estimated using the beta probability distribution for the time estimates, using the formula ( O + 4 M + P ) ÷ 6. Once this step is complete, one can draw a Gantt chart or a network diagram. A Gantt chart created using Microsoft Project (MSP). Note (1) the critical path is in red, (2) the slack is the black lines connected to non-critical activities, (3) since Saturday and Sunday are not work days and are thus excluded from the schedule, some bars on the Gantt chart are longer if they cut through a weekend. 1 Historical development The first known tool of this type was developed in 1896 by Karol Adamiecki , who called it a harmonogram . Adamiecki did not publish his chart until 1931, however, and only in Polish, which limited both its adoption and recognition of his authorship. The chart is named af- ter Henry Gantt (1861–1919), who designed his chart around the years 1910–1915. One of the first major applications of Gantt charts was by the United States during World War I , at the instigation of General William Crozier . In the 1980s, personal computers allowed for widespread 3 Further applications Gantt charts can be used for scheduling generic resources as well as for their use in project management. They can also be used for scheduling production processes and employee rostering . In the latter context, they may also be known as timebar schedules. Gantt charts can be used to track shifts or tasks and also vacations or other types of out-of-office time. Specialized employee scheduling software may output schedules as a Gantt chart, or they may be created through popular desktop publishing soft- ware. 1 " id="pdf-obj-0-185" src="pdf-obj-0-185.jpg">

A Gantt chart created using Microsoft Project (MSP). Note (1) the critical path is in red, (2) the slack is the black lines connected to non-critical activities, (3) since Saturday and Sunday are not work days and are thus excluded from the schedule, some bars on the Gantt chart are longer if they cut through a weekend.

  • 1 Historical development

The first known tool of this type was developed in 1896 by Karol Adamiecki, who called it a harmonogram. [2] Adamiecki did not publish his chart until 1931, however, and only in Polish, which limited both its adoption and recognition of his authorship. The chart is named af- ter Henry Gantt (1861–1919), who designed his chart around the years 1910–1915. [3][4]

One of the first major applications of Gantt charts was by the United States during World War I, at the instigation of General William Crozier. [5]

In the 1980s, personal computers allowed for widespread

  • 3 Further applications

Gantt charts can be used for scheduling generic resources as well as for their use in project management. They can also be used for scheduling production processes and employee rostering. [6] In the latter context, they may also be known as timebar schedules. Gantt charts can be used to track shifts or tasks and also vacations or other types of out-of-office time. [7] Specialized employee scheduling software may output schedules as a Gantt chart, or they may be created through popular desktop publishing soft- ware.

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  • 4 See also

List of project management software, which in- cludes specific Gantt Chart software.

  • 5 References

[1] Wilson, James M. (1 September 2003). “Gantt charts:

A centenary appreciation” (PDF). European Journal of Operational Research 149 (2). doi:10.1016/S0377- 2217(02)00769-5. Retrieved 2013-07-28.

ADAMIECKI, Karol ORGANIZATION charts”. Con- nection.ebscohost.com. Retrieved 2014-06-04.

[3] H.L. Gantt, Work, Wages and Profit, published by the Engineering Magazine, New York, 1910; republished as Work, Wages and Profits, Easton, Pennsylvania, Hive Publishing Company, 1974, ISBN 0-87960-048-9.

[4]

Peter W. G. Morris, The Management of Projects, Thomas Telford, 1994, ISBN 0-7277-2593-9, Google Print, p.18

[6] Triant G. Flouris; Dennis Lock (2009). Managing Avia- tion Projects from Concept to Completion. Ashgate Pub- lishing, Ltd. pp. 207–. ISBN 978-0-7546-7615-7.

[7] “Availability Planning”. CEITON. Retrieved 2014-06-

04.

  • 6 External links

Long-running discussion regarding limitations of the Gantt chart format, and alternatives, on Edward Tufte's website

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  • 7 Text and image sources, contributors, and licenses

    • 7.1 Text

Gantt chart Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gantt_chart?oldid=729775927 Contributors: SimonP, Heron, Hephaestos, Ubiquity, Michael Hardy, Nixdorf, Wapcaplet, Tregoweth, Ellywa, Ronz, Den fjättrade ankan~enwiki, Darkwind, Ijon, Mkoval, Susurrus, Ehn, Mydogategodshat, JidGom, Itai, Chuunen Baka, Robbot, RedWolf, Sbisolo, Tea2min, Alan Liefting, Jackol, Piotrus, Tomzi, Kmccoy, Archer3, TrbleClef, Mecanismo, MarkS, S.K., Etz Haim, Kine, Grotte, Maurreen, SpeedyGonsales, Haham hanuka, Mdd, Zachlipton, Alansohn, Arthena, Jeltz, Kotasik, Mac Davis, Spangineer, Velella, Uucp, Saxifrage, Oleg Alexandrov, Karnesky, Thorpe, Myleslong, Pol098, Jeff3000, Skybum, Bruno Unna, LogicalDash, Graham87, Hulagutten, Ligulem, Graibeard, Yamamoto Ichiro, SNIyer12, Mathbot, Crazycomputers, AndriuZ, Preslethe, Chobot, Gwernol, YurikBot, RobotE, Atropus32, Sasuke Sarutobi, Hydrargyrum, Manop, Gaius Cor- nelius, Thane, Jpbowen, Eclipsed, Georgewilliamherbert, C i d, GraemeL, Katieh5584, Kingboyk, GrinBot~enwiki, SmackBot, Brossow, Gilliam, Octahedron80, UNV, Can't sleep, clown will eat me, Sergio.ballestrero, Chrisirwin, Psykocyber, Rrburke, VMS Mosaic, Whpq, Jmlk17, Dream out loud, Black Butterfly, Dave314159, Seriema, Kuru, MagnaMopus, Tlesher, Travis99, IronGargoyle, BillFlis, Tasty- Poutine, Pere Serafi, Hu12, Dead3y3, Agent007bond, Trialsanderrors, Courcelles, George100, Saffordblack, Garrybooker, Requestion, FlyingToaster, Yaris678, Mato, Gogo Dodo, ST47, Naudefj, Gramlin, Gimmetrow, Malleus Fatuorum, GentlemanGhost, Yettie0711, Peachris, Big Bird, KrakatoaKatie, Jj137, Dan D. Ric, Ndyguy, Achalmeena, Wizlop, .anacondabot, Magioladitis, Helfrich c, VoABot II, Khaled hosny, JamesBWatson, SHCarter, Fallschirmjäger, Chemical Engineer, Alexandre Ilha, Kzafer, DerHexer, Kayau, Tbone55, J.delanoy, Janus999, Svetovid, HeronOfAlex, Nevron, Raindy~enwiki, Ryan Postlethwaite, Epharos, Ioanapv, Horstvonludwig, Andreviens, Dhavelin, Jeffreywherrmann, Ryan032, TXiKiBoT, Lilmissdaughty, Vipinhari, Chartex, Anna Lincoln, Koranjem, Overfloater, Clust4a, Jackfork, Leesly, Redfirefly, Economist332, Mahjong33, Telecineguy, Rememberme123, Van Parunak, Kenmckinley, SieBot, Mont- blanc2000, Nihil novi, Triwbe, Chrisklinger, Yintan, Enriketuned, PookeyMaster, Flyer22 Reborn, Renderpeterson, Pm master, Train78, Melcombe, Ken123BOT, Johnenew, Denisarona, Stillwaterising, Bonkling, ClueBot, Snigbrook, The Thing That Should Not Be, Lizzlizzl- izz, Trivialist, PMDrive1061, PatrickWeaver, Excirial, Rhododendrites, Drawn Some, Thingg, Tanetris, Versus22, Teenage wikian, SoxBot III, Anon126, XLinkBot, WikHead, CycleTimeChart, Manfi, Addbot, Proofreader77, Darko.veberic, Ronhjones, Download, Mecjmr, Ehrenkater, OlEnglish, Zorrobot, Tanár, Luckas-bot, Yobot, AnomieBOT, Buki ben Yogli, Jim1138, Va7sdf, JackieBot, Flewis, Mate- rialscientist, Elm-39, ArthurBot, Quebec99, Mapperboy, Xqbot, Capricorn42, Grant beest, Emrekenci, AbigailAbernathy, GrouchoBot, Macbookair3140, Pgcysneiros, Thehelpfulbot, Celuici, SusanB99, Don Gis, JLK7476, Serbianboy, Pinethicket, Mindmapmad, Beatrice06, NinjaOnFire58, MondalorBot, SpaceFlight89, Σ, Bandeditor, Trappist the monk, Callanecc, Çalıştay, Nascar1996, Tbhotch, Reach Out to the Truth, Chandoo.d, DARTH SIDIOUS 2, Manifredtellew, Mean as custard, TjBot, Ripchip Bot, Jos.jong, Salvio giuliano, Biswalchin- mayranjan, EmausBot, GoingBatty, Peaceray, Wikipelli, Alex-golder, ZéroBot, Quasihuman, Bollyjeff, LGinDC, L Kensington, Donner60, Trustcontroller, Chris857, Mjbmrbot, ClueBot NG, Smtchahal, CocuBot, AliceHeere, Hon-3s-T, Wavefront3, Theboymusic, උපුල්, Cave- johnson2, Widr, Lawsonstu, Theopolisme, Fulton123, Helpful Pixie Bot, Xftan, DBigXray, Steveswei, BG19bot, Milkrut, P.deshmukh09, Stevoabc, Wiki13, Cdh1001, Poulami100, Jimmy Dimmy, Yuripobrasil, JYBot, Makecat-bot, Possums, Isarra (HG), NYBrook098, Gin- suloft, Peteazza, Drchriswilliams, Nmanos1986, Naughtyphil, U2fanboi, ProofHub1, Zmiju2, Mseeling, Khan.btbk, Belltoes, Alex80070, Daniel kenneth, PlusX.me, Morelions, Richarman and Anonymous: 404

  • 7.2 Images

File:Commons-logo.svg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/4/4a/Commons-logo.svg License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 Contribu- tors: ? Original artist: ? File:GanttChartAnatomy.svg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/57/GanttChartAnatomy.svg License: Public domain Contributors:

GanttChartAnatomy.png Original artist: GanttChartAnatomy.png: Original uploader was Garrybooker at en.wikipedia File:Pert_example_gantt_chart.gif Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/7/73/Pert_example_gantt_chart.gif License:

Cc-by-sa-3.0 Contributors: ? Original artist: ?

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  • 7.3 Content license