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Paper No.

SPE 233 MS JAIN


An Integrated Approach to Derisk the Vaca
Muerta Unconventional Play
Vivek Jain, Mark Thomas & Ed Kruijs
Shell Exploration and Production Company
150 North Dairy Ashford, Houston TX 77079 USA

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CAUTIONARY NOTE

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Paper 233 MS Jain An integrated Approach to Derisk Vaca Muerta Unconventional Play Vivek Jain

Slide 3

Shell Landscape in Vaca Muerta

Shell has 155k net acres in


Vaca Muerta

5 Blocks
3 operated blocks
2 non-operated blocks

Blocks range from Blackoil window to dry gas

Paper 233 MS Jain An integrated Approach to Derisk Vaca Muerta Unconventional Play Vivek Jain

Slide 4

SIERRAS BLANCAS AND CRUZ DE LORENA


Country entry in 2012 as an upstream
entity
Tested eight wells in the two blocks

Exploitation license for 35 years


Black oil window

Maturity ranges from 0.85 to 1.1

API 36-380

Producing GOR: 450-600 scf/bbl

Lateral length ranging from 500m-1500m


Paper 233 MS Jain An integrated Approach to Derisk Vaca Muerta Unconventional Play Vivek Jain

Slide 5

KNOWLEDGE HUBS: PATH TO COMMERCIALITY


Expand from knowledge hubs
Critical lever to address for commerciality

HSSE

Test uncertainties around landing zone

Test completion design/spacing

Progress on cost

Confidence on well deliverability

Paper 233 MS Jain An integrated Approach to Derisk Vaca Muerta Unconventional Play Vivek Jain

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HOW HAS SHELL DONE SO FAR


Continuous improvement,
integration over time on:
INPUT
Landing zone

Completion efficiency
OUTPUT

Higher pressure
Better rates on
production

More production
Paper 233 MS Jain An integrated Approach to Derisk Vaca Muerta Unconventional Play Vivek Jain

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PRODUCTION DATA

Wells have been produced under


choked conditions through the 5
casing

SB x-1005/1006 production
crossed over 1000 bbl/d

CDL x-7 has only nine (750m)


stages completed and scaled to
1500m length, production will
cross 1000bbl/d production rate

Paper 233 MS Jain An integrated Approach to Derisk Vaca Muerta Unconventional Play Vivek Jain

Slide 8

DATA PADS: KNOWLEDGE HUB

SB x-1004/1005/1006 PAD

CDL x-3/4 PAD

Paper 233 MS Jain An integrated Approach to Derisk Vaca Muerta Unconventional Play Vivek Jain

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KNOWLEDGE HUBS: OBJECTIVES


SB x-1004/1005 and1006 pad:

CDL x-3 and CDL x-4 pad:

Characterize potential landing


zones for CDL triangle area

Understand frack barriers and


vertical extant of hydraulic
fractures: using the vertical well
CDL x-3

Test Upper Vaca Muerta LZ

Test play continuity in Sierras


Blancas block
Test lower Vaca Muerta LZ: SB x1005
Test Upper Vaca Muerta LZ: SB x1004
Use slanted well to understand
LZ, frack barriers and SRV
understanding (microseismic)

Paper 233 MS Jain An integrated Approach to Derisk Vaca Muerta Unconventional Play Vivek Jain

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DATA INTEGRATION
SB
x-1004/1005
1006 pad:
Careful
choiceand
of technologies
SB x-1006
to answer
specific question on
Microseismic

Tracers (oil/water)

these
pads
PLT

Production
Use
of decision analysis/

Geochemical fingerprinting

decision
quality for
SB
x-1005
Tracers
surveillance
data collection

Production
Geochemical fingerprinting

CDL x-3 and CDL x-4 pad:


CDL x-3

NRT proppant
Logs: sonic dipole
Tracers
PLT
Geochemical fingerprinting

CDL x-4

Microseismic
Tracers
Production
Geochemical fingerprinting

Paper 233 MS Jain An integrated Approach to Derisk Vaca Muerta Unconventional Play Vivek Jain

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RESULTS: SB KNOWLEDGE HUB


SB x-1004/1005 and 1006 pad:

Successfully executed a PLT in SB x-1006 (CT + fiber FSI)


Results indicated 35% of the flow coming from
Cocina (Kitchen)
65% from Seq 1C and above
Tracer data also shows similar results
Data also indicated some crossflow between SB x1005 and SB x-1006, however it was difficult to map
the interference
Continuing changes in star diagram points towards changes
in producing interval with time (geochemical fingerprinting)
for SB x-1006
SB x-5 does not show any difference in producing interval
over time

Paper 233 MS Jain An integrated Approach to Derisk Vaca Muerta Unconventional Play Vivek Jain

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RESULTS: CDL DATA PAD

Logging of NRT (non-radioactive tracer) proppant gives indication of propped


fractures in the non-reservoir rock above the pay zone

Indication of absence of frac barriers

Probable source of high water production

Microseismic shows larger Xf and Hf as compared to LVM wells

Biomarkers are consistent with extracts from Upper Seq-2 for CDL x-4

Isotopes of produced oil are consistent with mixing of LVM - UVM for CDL x-3

Biomarkers suggest mixed contributions from three perforations and show an


upward trend with production time

Paper 233 MS Jain An integrated Approach to Derisk Vaca Muerta Unconventional Play Vivek Jain

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KEY OF KNOWLEDGE HUBS: INTEGRATION OF LEARNING

Landing zone work flow optimization

Tracers and PLT

NRT proppant, microseismic and geochemical fingerprinting

Microseismic and temperature logging

Geomechanics and reservoir modeling

Tracers and interference

Paper 233 MS Jain An integrated Approach to Derisk Vaca Muerta Unconventional Play Vivek Jain

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PATH FORWARD

Build out from the knowledge hubs

Drill and expand on existing well pads (2-3 wells per


pad), which are already connected to EPS

Install artificial lift and develop choke management


strategy

MWP

Deliver on commerciality: focus on cost efficiency


and optimizing performance

Optimize completion

Optimize spacing

Drilling and completion: repeatability and cost control

Paper 233 MS Jain An integrated Approach to Derisk Vaca Muerta Unconventional Play Vivek Jain

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CONCLUSION

Knowledge hubs are key to derisk and faster mature Vaca Muerta play

Lowermost Vaca Muerta (Kitchen) has the most potential to be the first
target for commercialization for Shell

Achieved top quartile horizontal producing wells under natural flow

Different completion strategy needed to develop the two layers

Vaca Muerta has the potential to become a big unconventional play

Cost improvement and operation efficiencies will enable path to


commerciality of the play
Paper 233 MS Jain An integrated Approach to Derisk Vaca Muerta Unconventional Play Vivek Jain

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Acknowledgements / Thank You / Questions


Shell Management
Medanito, GyP
Latin America asset team
Shell integrated teams: CET, TED, ICE and FEAST