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1. You have been asked to determine how hospital prepare and train volunteers.

Since you know relatively little about this subject, how will you find out? Be
specific as possible.
One way of determining how hospital prepare and train volunteers, I can make
use of the observation method as part of my research study. It would be more
productive if I will do the benchmarking. I will be observing a hospital of the
highest capacity how they conduct training for volunteers and take note of their
best practices. Then make use of these best practices if applicable to the hospital
Im handling.
2. Researchers seek casual relationships by either experimental
research designs,
a. In what ways are these two approaches similar?
b. In what ways are they different?

or ex facto

Both designs can be used when its about cause-and-effect relationships or in
situations in which it is not practical or ethically acceptable to apply the full
protocol of a true experimental design. Ex post facto research shares with
experimental research design some of its basic logic of inquiry.
Ex post facto research design does not include any form of manipulation or
measurement before the fact occurs, as is the case in true experimental

3. How does qualitative research differ from quantitative research?

Quantitative data collection methods are much more structured than Qualitative
data collection methods. Qualitative research is primarily exploratory research
while quantitative research is used to quantify the problem by way of generating
numerical data or data that can be transformed into useable statistics.
4. Distinguish between structures, semi structures and unstructured interviews.
A structured interview (also known as a standardized interview or a researcheradministered survey) is a quantitative research method commonly employed in
survey research. The aim of this approach is to ensure that each interview is
presented with exactly the same questions in the same order.
A semi-structured interview is a method of research used in the social sciences.
While a structured interview has a rigorous set of questions which does not allow
one to divert, a semi-structured interview is open, allowing new ideas to be
brought up during the interview as a result of what the interviewee says.

An unstructured interview is an interview in which questions are not prearranged

(although some questions may be prepared in advance), allowing for spontaneity
and for questions to develop during the course of the interview.

5. Distinguish among response error, interviewer error and non response error.
Response error is a particular problem when respondents are unfamiliar with the
situation, for example, when they are asked about intentions to purchase a new
The interviewer effect (also called interviewer variance or interviewer error) is any
effect on data gathered from interviewing people that is caused by the behavior
or characteristics (real or perceived) of the interviewer.
Non response error is the phenomenon that the required information is not
obtained from the persons selected in the sample.
6. How do environmental factors affect response rates in personal interview? How
can research overcome these environmental problems?
Environmental factors affect response rates in personal interview when there is
wide geographic diversion. The accessibility to the area, weather, geographic
location could give slow response especially this require personal appearance.
Research can overcome environmental problems by investing on it. We can
make use of technology to make research easier and faster response will be