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EasyLogicTM PM1000 Series Power Meter

User Guide
PLSED309039EN
03/2013

2013 Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.

Hazard Categories and Special Symbols


Read these instructions carefully and look at the equipment to become
familiar with the device before trying to install, operate, service or maintain it.
The following special messages may appear throughout this manual or on the
equipment to warn of potential hazards or to call attention to information that
clarifies or simplifies a procedure.
SAFETY SYMBOLS
The addition of either symbol to a Danger or Warning safety label indicates
that an electrical hazard exists which will result in personal injury if the
instructions are not followed.
This is the safety alert symbol. It is used to alert you to potential personal
injury hazards. Obey all safety messages that follow this symbol to avoid
possible injury or death.
SAFETY MESSAGES

DANGER indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will


result in death or serious injury.

WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, can


result in death or serious injury.

CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, can


result in minor or moderate injury.

CAUTION used without the safety alert symbol, indicates a potentially hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, can result in property damage.

NOTICE
NOTICE is used to address practices not related to physical injury. The safety alert
symbol shall not be used with this signal word.

2013 Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.

OTHER SYMBOLS

This symbol indicates direct and alternating currents.


This is the double insulation symbol which indicates that, the user-accessible
area is protected throughout by double insulation or reinforced insulation.
PLEASE NOTE

Electrical equipment should be installed, operated, serviced, and maintained


only by qualified personnel. No responsibility is assumed by Schneider
Electric for any consequences arising out of the use of this material.
REACH Compliance
Complies with Regulation (EC) n 1907/2006 of Dec 18 2006 named REACH
(related to the Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and restrictions
applicable to Chemical substances)
FCC Notices
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a
class A digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits
are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference
when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This
equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if
not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause
harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment
in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case the
user will be required to correct the interference at own expense.
This class A digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Modifications: Modifications to this device which are not approved by
Schneider Electric may void the authority granted to the user by the FCC to
operate this equipment.

2013 Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.

PLSED309039EN
02/2013

PM1000 Series Power Meter


Table of Contents

Chapter 1 PM1000 Series Power Meter Product Description ......................................................................7


Physical Description ..........................................................................................................................................7
Front Panel......................................................................................................................................................8
Navigation Concept .......................................................................................................................................11
Rear Panel ....................................................................................................................................................13
Parameters with PM1000 Series Power Meter ................................................................................................14
PM1000 Series Power Meter Technical Specifications ...................................................................................16
Chapter 2: Safety Precautions ........................................................................................................................17
Chapter 3: Quick Start Guide ..........................................................................................................................19
Setup Menu......................................................................................................................................................19
Quick setup While powering ON ................................................................................................................19
Enter Setup Menu in View (Read-Only) Mode..............................................................................................21
Enter Setup Menu in Edit Mode ....................................................................................................................21
Setup Parameters in View and Edit Modes ..................................................................................................23
Edit Set Parameters in the Setup Menu .......................................................................................................24
Clear INTG and MD ......................................................................................................................................26
Energy Integrator .............................................................................................................................................28
Integrator Overflow .......................................................................................................................................28
Demand Power Calculation Methods ..............................................................................................................30
PM1000 Series Power Meter Menu Hierarchy ................................................................................................31
Chapter 4: AC Power Measurement ................................................................................................................35
3-Phase Systems .............................................................................................................................................35
Consumption and Poor Power Factor .............................................................................................................36
3D kVA Measurement ...................................................................................................................................36
Chapter 5: Installation ......................................................................................................................................37
Mechanical Installation ....................................................................................................................................37
Installation Procedure ...................................................................................................................................38
Electrical Installation ........................................................................................................................................40
Terminal connections using lugs...................................................................................................................41
Auxiliary Supply (Control Power) ..................................................................................................................42
PTs (VTs) and CTs .......................................................................................................................................42
Voltage Signal Connections ..........................................................................................................................43
Current Signal Connections ..........................................................................................................................43
Setup System Type ..................................................................................................................................45
Phase Labels ................................................................................................................................................46
Connection Diagrams ...................................................................................................................................46
Chapter 6: Data Communication .....................................................................................................................51
Float Byte Register ..........................................................................................................................................51
Health Check Register .....................................................................................................................................51
Float Byte Order Detection ..............................................................................................................................51
RS-485 Data Port ............................................................................................................................................52
Installation ........................................................................................................................................................52
Communication Capabilities ............................................................................................................................53
Daisy-chaining Devices to the Power Meter ....................................................................................................53
Data Formats and Settings ..............................................................................................................................54
Modbus Standard Device Identification ...........................................................................................................54
Parameter Settings for Different SCADA Software.......................................................................................55
Communication Test .....................................................................................................................................56
Data Address ................................................................................................................................................58
Chapter 7: Maintenance and Troubleshooting ..............................................................................................69
Introduction ......................................................................................................................................................69
Troubleshooting ...............................................................................................................................................70
Appendix A Technical Data ..........................................................................................................................73
Accuracy ..........................................................................................................................................................73
Auxiliary supply (Control power) ......................................................................................................................73
Front Panel Display .........................................................................................................................................73
Installation and Input Ratings ..........................................................................................................................74

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Table of Contents

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02/2013

Environmental Conditions ................................................................................................................................74


Construction .....................................................................................................................................................74
Dimensions and Shipping .............................................................................................................................74
Appendix B: SIM (simulation) Mode ...............................................................................................................75
Appendix C: Glossary ......................................................................................................................................77
Terms ............................................................................................................................................................77
Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................................79
INDEX .................................................................................................................................................................81

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PLSED309039EN
02/2013

PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 1 PM1000 Series Power Meter Product Description

Chapter 1 PM1000 Series Power Meter


Product Description
The PM1000 series power meters are digital power meters that offer
comprehensive 3-phase electrical instrumentation and load management
facilities in a compact and rugged package.
This chapter contains the main operating instructions. The remaining
chapters explain the installation and setup steps required before the meter is
ready for use, and maintenance and troubleshooting procedures for the
meter after installation.
The PM1000 series power meter is a universal power meter. Before use,
please program the SYS (measurement system configuration) and the PT
(VT) and CT ratios through the front panel keys. Otherwise, it will read your
system incorrectly. Other settings, such as communication parameters, must
also be programmed as needed.
Schneider Electric stands behind your PM1000 power meter with complete
user support and service.
Intended use: The PM1000 series power meter is designed for use in
industrial and commercial installations by trained and qualified
professionals, not for domestic use.

Physical Description
FRONT: The front panel has three rows of four digits/characters each, with
auto scaling Kilo (K), Mega (M), and minus (-) indications. The K and M
indicators are lit together to show Giga readings. The load bar graph to the
right of the display gives the indication of consumption in terms of the %
Amperes Load with respect to the FS (full scale) selected. Five smart keys
make navigating the parameters very quick and intuitive for viewing data
and configuring the power meter.
REAR: The voltage and current terminals and the RS-485 communication
port are located on the back of the power meter. Refer to Rear Panel on
page 13 for more information.

2013 Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.

PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 1 PM1000 Series Power Meter Product Description

PLSED309039EN
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Front Panel
The front panel contains the following indicators and controls:
Three rows of alphanumeric displays, four digits each, display three RMS
parameters simultaneously or one energy parameter. The displayed
readings update every second.
For each row: Kilo, Mega (Kilo + Mega = Giga) indicators, and a Negative
(-) indicator.
Load bar, which gives a unique analog indication of % loading (% FS CT
Pri).
Five keys to scroll through the display pages.
Figure 1-1: Parts of PM1000 series front panel

Eight-segment LED Display

Analog Load Bar

Keys

Eight-segment LED display


The power meter solves the problem of tiny cluttered indicators by
prominently displaying the parameter name right on the large,
alphanumeric readouts.
For the first time in a panel meter, the parameter name is as clearly
readable as the value.
In order to know which parameter value is currently displayed, the power
meter displays the parameter name for two seconds, as well as each time
you press a key, and then the value for eight seconds.
This method also allows programmable phase soft-Labels in the power
meters. You can choose from 123 (factory setting), ABC, RYB, PQR or
RST.
Analog Load Bar
Unique indication of total load % with respect to the full scale through the 12
LEDs at the right side of the display.
This is bar graph, where each LED indicates 10% of load.
To find the total load, count the number of illuminated LEDs, and then
multiply by 10.
Table 1-1: Load percentage and bar graph indication

Load percentage

Bar graph display

Less than 10%

No LEDs are lit.

Between 10 to 40 %

Amber LEDs are lit.

Between 50 to 80%

Green LEDs are lit to indicate that the load is acceptable and
should not increase further.

Above 80%

Red LEDs are lit to indicate that the load has exceeded the
sanctioned limit and is dangerous.

2013 Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.

PLSED309039EN
02/2013

PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 1 PM1000 Series Power Meter Product Description

The Indicators Kilo, Mega, and Negative


Table 1-2: Indicators
Kilo: When lit, indicates that the reading is in Kilo (103). 10,000 is displayed
as 10.00 K and 1000 is displayed as 1.0 K.
Mega: When lit, indicates that the reading is in Mega, (106). 10,000 K is
displayed as 10.00 M and 1000 K is displayed as 1.0 M.
Giga: When Kilo and Mega are lit together, the reading is in Giga (109).
10,000 M is displayed as 10.00 G and 1000 M is displayed as 1.0 G.
Negative: When lit, indicates that the reading is negative as per IEEE 100
and industry standard practice.
When PF (power factor) is lead (capacitive load): Both PF and VAR
(reactive power) signs will be negative. When current is reversed: W (active
power) is negative.

Table 1-3: Giga, Mega (M), Kilo (K), and decimal point scaling
RMS Reading

Indicator

Less than 0.001

K, M OFF, displays 0.000

Less than 9999

K, M OFF

Above 9999

K ON, M OFF

Above 9999 K

M ON, K OFF

Above 9999 M

Giga (K + M indicators ON)

Up to 9999 G

Giga
Display shows Hi for positive numbers, Lo for negative numbers

Above 9999 G

RMS readings are four digits. Energy readings have eight digits, including
four additional fractional digits. The maximum number the power meter
handles is 9,999 G for RMS and energy values.
This means that the energy readings of the power meter will overflow at
three values of Wh (active energy) or VAh (apparent energy) (selectable
through the Setup menu) depending upon the PT (VT) and CT ratios
programmed.

2013 Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.

PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 1 PM1000 Series Power Meter Product Description

PLSED309039EN
02/2013

Smart Keys
Operating the power meter is easy, using the five smart keys to navigate
through the keypad operations table. The display pages expand as you go
to the right, much like the directory or explorer tree displayed on any
computer. The display shows where you are headed.
Table 1-4: Smart keys description
Right Key
Go forward into sub-parameter pages.
Going right past EDIT in SET and CLR requires code entry to enter the
Setup menu (setup and clear).
During setup, select next (right side) digit.
Left Key:
Go back towards to the main parameter pages.
During edit setup, selects previous (left side) digit.
Exits from Edit mode, back to the Setup menu.
The meter enters the SIM (simulation) mode when you press the left
key continuously during power up of the power meter. See SIM
(Simulation) mode on page 75 for more information.
Up Key:
Scroll up through display pages at the same level, within the same
function.
Continuous pressing for three seconds initiates limited auto-scroll
(within the same function). See Auto-scroll on page 12 for more
information.
While editing, increases the value of the blinking digit during edit.
Down Key:
Scroll down through other display pages at the same level, through all
functions.
Continuous pressing for three seconds initiates the full auto-scroll
mode, through all functions. See Auto-scroll on page 12 for more
information.
While editing, decreases the value of the blinking digit.
TURBO Key:
TURBO key is simple one touch access to the most commonly used
parameters pages (Factory set). The TURBO pages for PM1000 series
are given below.
RMS (home page), VLL, A, PF VLN, A, F VA, W, PF VA, W,VAR W,
VAR, PF PF1, PF2, PF3, V% 1 2 3, A % 1 2 3, VAd RD TR, MD HR,
VAh, Wh, VAh E, Wh E, RVAh, RWh, tVAh, tWh. This gives simple onetouch access to the most commonly used parameters, even for unskilled
operators.
If youre lost, the TURBO key is a quick way to get back to the RMS
home page.
Continuous pressing for three seconds initiates auto scrolling through the
above TURBO pages. See Auto-scroll on page 12 for more
information.
During the power up, if the TURBO key is pressed, then the power
meter will go into Setup menu. This is the easiest way to enter into
the setup menu.
See Quick setup While powering on on page 19 for more
information.

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 1 PM1000 Series Power Meter Product Description

Keypad Operation
Navigating with the power meter is very easy and intuitive. Press the key in
the direction you want to go. The display shows where youre headed. Press
the key that takes you in the desired direction.
Follow these simple steps:
First take a quick look at what the keys do.

Navigation Concept

The following example explains how you can navigate from the RMS page
to the VLN A F page, and back to the RMS in the power meter.
1. From the RMS page, press

2. Now press

. The display shows VLL


A
PF

.The display shows VLN


A
F

3. To return to RMS, press

.The display shows RMS.

Using the left key, you can go back towards to the main parameter pages
from the sub-parameter pages.
Now, try getting around to other parameters, by moving up, down, right,
and left. The readings are organized as display pages to the right of RMS
and INTG.
The Kilo, Mega, and Negative Indicators are automatic. Kilo and Mega
light up together to show Giga. See The indicators on page 9 for more
information.
You cannot go right into CLR, to clear INTG and MD values, unless you
enter a code.
Going right through SET, you can go down to VIEW or EDIT. Going right
through EDIT requires code entry to program these power meter settings.
When done:
Go Left all the way back to SET.
Go down to CLR.
Go Right into RMS to view the display pages again.

2013 Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 1 PM1000 Series Power Meter Product Description

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Auto-scroll
Auto-scroll allows you to monitor a group of display pages sequentially,
every five seconds, without constant key pressing. This is convenient for
viewing from a distance. The meter shows the parameter name (one
second) followed by the value (four seconds) on the same large display.
To auto-scroll within a page group (e.g., Within RMS group)
Go to a particular page in the desired page group. Press
continuously
for three seconds and then release. The display flashes AUTO and starts
auto-scroll within the page group.
To auto-scroll down the entire column of pages
Go to the desired page. Press
continuously for three seconds and then
release. The display flashes AUTO and starts auto-scroll down the entire
column of pages.
To auto-scroll through TURBO pages
Press
continuously for three seconds and then release. The display
flashes AUTO and starts auto-scroll through the TURBO pages.
NOTE: Press any key to revert to manual scrolling. Auto scrolling is not possible in the setup
parameters.

Default Display (View) Page


You can select any page as a user-set default display page. You can scroll
to other display pages. The user-set page is displayed two minutes after
manual scrolling is stopped by the user.
To lock the user-set default page:
Go to the page you want to set as the default page.
Press
and
displays LOCK.

simultaneously to lock the page. The power meter

To unlock the user-set default page:


Once the default display page is active, press
and
to unlock the page. The power meter displays ULOC.

simultaneously

NOTE: Entry into setup (PROG) is allowed only when the display page is unlocked.

12

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02/2013

PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 1 PM1000 Series Power Meter Product Description

Rear Panel
The power meter terminals are located on the rear panel. 14 terminals are
provided, seven terminals on each side:
Six terminals for current, one in and one out per phase
Four terminals for voltage, for three phases and neutral
Two terminals for auxiliary power supply (control power)
Two terminals for the RS-485 communication port (PM1200)
Figure 1-2: Rear panel

Input current
terminals
A1, A2, A3

Input Voltage terminals


V1, V2, V3, VN

Auxiliary Supply
(control power) terminals
RS-485 communication
terminals (PM1200)

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 1 PM1000 Series Power Meter Product Description

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Parameters with PM1000 Series Power Meter


The power meter can measure, locally display, and remotely transfer over
Modbus RTU protocol (PM1200), the following parameters:
Table 1-5: Models and parameters with PM1000 series
Parameter
RMS

THD

DM

INTG
FWD

INTG
REV

INTG
TOT

OLD
FWD

14

PM1000

PM1200

VLL V12, V23, V31


VLN V1, V2, V3

A A1 A2 A3

An - Neutral current

%L Amps

% V Unbal, % A Unbal

PF PF1 PF2 PF3

%A FS
Analog color-coded load bar

RPM

A Phase Angle
A1 A2 A3

W W1 W2 W3

VA VA1 VA2 VA3

VAR VAR1 VAR2 VAR3

V%1 V%2 V%3

A%1 A%2 A%3

Demand VA/ W/ A

Rising demand

Time remaining

MD Maximum demand

Hr MD occurred

Wh

VAh

VARh

-VARh

Run hours

ON hours

INTR

R.Wh

R.VAh

R.VARh

-R.VARh

Run hours

ON hours

t.Wh

t.VAh

t.VAR

-t.VAR

t.Run

On.h

INTR
Wh

VAh

VARh

-VARh

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 1 PM1000 Series Power Meter Product Description

Parameter
OLD
REV

OLD
TOT

PM1000

PM1200

Run hours

R.Wh

R.VAh

R.VARh

-R.VARh

Run hours

t.Wh

t.VAh

t.VAR

-t.VAR

t.Run

RS-485

NOTE:
FWD: Forward indicating the import of power into the plant/grid
REV: Reverse indicating the export of power from the plant/grid

The PM1000 series displays:


Voltage: Three voltage measurements line-to-line: 1-2, 2-3, 3-1, and
average, Three voltage measurements line-to-neutral: 1-4, 2-4, 3-4, and
average.
Current: Three current measurements phase-wise (1, 2, 3), average
current of all three phases, neutral current, and three current phase angles
(A 1, A 2, A 3) with respect to the corresponding voltage line-neutral vector.
Phase wise load in %: Three currents in % of the FS (%A FS).
Unbalanced load in %: Current and voltage unbalance.
Frequency: Measures from whichever phase is active.
RPM: Measures the speed of the generator.
Power: VA, W, VAR, per phase and total. PF per phase and average. PerPhase W readings provide a quick CT Polarity Check. A negated W phase
reading indicates CT reversal.
Energy: VAh, Wh, +VARh (Ind), -VARh (Cap), Run hours, On Hrs, supply
interruptions (outage).
Energy (OLD): VAh, Wh, +VARh (Ind), -VARh (Cap), Run hours.
% Amperes load bar graph: Load bar graph indicates consumption in
terms of %Amperes total. You can quickly estimate the load by viewing the
display without operating any keys. The bar graph consists of 12 segments.
Each segment indicates a current load of 10% of CT primary.
Kilo, Mega, Giga indication for the above parameters. See The Indicators
on page 9 for more information.

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 1 PM1000 Series Power Meter Product Description

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PM1000 Series Power Meter Technical Specifications


The PM1000 series is a high-accuracy, low cost, ultra-compact, power, and
energy meter. It offers ISO 9001 quality, accuracy, and functional flexibility.
Selective models of this series have Modbus RTU communications
capability. The standard unit flush-mounts in a DIN 96 cutout and conforms
to UL product standards.
The power meters are designed for retrofit applications such as replacement
of analog meters. Each can be used as a standalone meter in electrical
control panels, power distribution units (PDU), switch boards; uninterrupted
power supplies (UPS), generator sets, and motor control centers (MCC)
systems. It also provides easy communication to program logic controls
(PLC), distributed control systems (DCS), building management systems
(BMS), and other systems.
The following table gives the technical specifications of the power meters.
Refer to Technical Data on page 73 for more information.
Table 1-6: Technical specifications
Description

Specification

Sensing/Measurement

True RMS, one second update time, four quadrant power


and energy
0.5 % of reading** for voltage and current
1.0% of reading for power and energy
44 to 277 Vac/dc

Accuracy*
Auxiliary supply
(Control power)
Burden
Display

Voltage and current input < 0.2 VA per phase


Auxiliary supply (Control power) < 3 VA at 240 V, 5 VA Max
Alphanumeric bright LED

Resolution

RMS four digits, INTG eight digits

Input voltage
Input current*
(Energy measurement)
Frequency

Four voltage inputs (V1, V2, V3, VN) 110 or 415 Vac LL
nominal (Range 80 to 480 Vac LL)
Current inputs (A1, A2, A3)
Class 1.0: 50 mA to 6 A (5 mA is the starting)
45 to 65 Hz

Overload

10 A max continuous

Environmental

Operating temperature: -10 C to 60 C (14 F to 140 F)


Storage temperature: -25 C to +70 C (-13 F to 158 F)
Humidity 5% to 95% non-condensing
- Measurement,
Pollution Degree 2,

Standard

Weight
Communication
(PM1200)
PM1000 Series
conforms to

Protection against dust


and water

- Double insulation at user-accessible area


400 gms (0.9 lb) approx, unpacked
500 gms (1.1 lb) approx, shipping
RS-485 serial channel connection Industry standard Modbus
RTU protocol
Emission : CISPR11 Class A
Fast Transient: 4kV IEC 61000-4-4
Surge withstand: IEC 61000-4-5
Damped Oscillatory: IEC 61000-4-12
ESD: IEC 61000-4- 2
Impulse voltage: 6 kV, IEC 60060, 1.2/50 s
Front IP 51; Rear IP 40

NOTE:
* For 5 A universal energy meter additional error of 0.05% of full scale, for dual
energy meter input current below 100 mA and for 1A it is below 20 mA.
**Applicable only in star/wye wiring configuration.

16

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02/2013

PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 2 Safety Precautions

Chapter 2: Safety Precautions


This section contains important safety precautions that must be followed
before attempting to install, service, or maintain electrical equipment.
Carefully read and follow the safety precautions outlined below.

HAZARD OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, EXPLOSION, OR ARC FLASH


Apply appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) and follow safe electrical
work practices. In the USA, see NFPA 70E.
Only qualified electrical workers should install this equipment. Such work should
be performed only after reading this entire set of instructions.
If the equipment is not used in a manner specified by the manufacturer, the
protection provided by the equipment may be impaired.
NEVER work alone.
Before performing visual inspections, tests, or maintenance on this equipment,
disconnect all sources of electric power. Assume that all circuits are live until they
have been completely de-energized, tested, and tagged. Pay particular attention
to the design of the power system. Consider all sources of power, including the
possibility of back feeding.
Turn off all power supplying the power meter and the equipment in which it is
installed before working on it.
Always use a properly rated voltage sensing device to confirm that all power is off.
Before closing all covers and doors, inspect the work area for tools and objects
that may have been left inside the equipment.
When removing or installing panels do not allow them to extend into the
energized bus.
The successful operation of this equipment depends upon proper handling,
installation, and operation. Neglecting fundamental installation requirements may
lead to personal injury as well as damage to electrical equipment or other
property.
NEVER bypass external fusing.
NEVER short the secondary of a PT.
NEVER open circuit a CT; use the shorting block to short circuit the leads of the
CT before removing the connection from the power meter.
Before performing Dielectric (Hi-Pot) or Megger testing on any equipment in which
the power meter is installed, disconnect all input and output wires to the power
meter. High voltage testing may damage electronic components contained in the
power meter.
The power meter should be installed in a suitable electrical enclosure.
Do not exceed the devices ratings for maximum limits.
Do not use this device for critical control or protection applications where human
or equipment safety relies on the operation of the control circuit
Failure to follow these instructions will result in death or serious injury.

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 2 Safety Precautions

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 3 Quick Start Guide s

Chapter 3: Quick Start Guide


Setup Menu
The power meter must be configured to match the application settings,
before use. Otherwise, the readings will be wrong.
All the setup values can be re-programmed at any time, using SET
However, the settings: SYS (WYE (Star)/Delta/single-phase / 2-Phase),
Vpri, Vsec, Apri, Asec critically determine the scaling of measured
readings.
The scaling may be used to reduce the errors in readings due to
Instrument Transformer errors. However, wrong settings will introduce
errors in readings of other running systems.

HAZARD OF UNINTENDED OPERATION


Only qualified personnel are authorized to set up the power meter.
Failure to follow this instruction can result in injury or equipment
damage.
You can enter the Setup menu in
View only mode: To view the set parameters.
Edit mode: To view or edit set parameters.

Quick setup While powering ON


This is the easiest way to enter the Setup menu.
To make connections, see Connection diagrams on page 46. Here are
few tips.
Figure 3-1: Quick setup connections

Use CT1
Use CT2
Use CT3

RS-485
Only for PM1200

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 3 Quick Start Guide

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1. Connect auxiliary supply (control Power) 44 277 Vac/dc to terminals 12


and 13 in order to power ON the power meter.
Keep
pressed for two seconds, while powering up the power meter.
The power meter directly enters into the Setup menu and displays EDIT
A.PRI 100.0.
Program the following setup parameters for accurate readings:
A.pri, A.sec: Set these values to match your CT primary and
secondary values. For example, if your CT Ratio is 200:5, set A.pri =
200.0 and A.sec = 5.000.
V.pri, V.sec
Set these values to match the input voltage VLL of circuit, if the
input voltage < 480 Vac LL. For example, if input voltage = 300 Vac
LL, set V.pri = 300.0 and V.sec = 300.0.
Use potential transformer (PT/VT), if the input voltage > 480 Vac
LL. Set the V.pri and V.sec values to match the primary and
secondary of the PT (VT) respectively. For example, if PT (VT) ratio
is 11 kV: 110, set V.pri = 11.00 k and V.sec = 110.0.
Select one of the following systems according to your wiring
configuration:
SYS: DLTA for 3-phase 3-wire system
SYS: WYE/Star for 3-phase 4-wire system
SYS: 2-phase for 2-phase 3-wire system
SYS: single-phase for single-phase 2-wire system
2. Connect the current transformers (CTs).
CT1

CT2

CT3

1, 2

3, 4

5, 6

3. Connect the voltage inputs. Use PT(VT), if voltage exceeds 480 Vac LL.
PT1

PT2

PT3

Neutral

10

11

4. RS-485 terminals (PM1200)

20

+ve

-ve

14

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 3 Quick Start Guide

Enter Setup Menu in View (Read-Only) Mode

1. From RMS, press

. The display shows CLR.

2. Press

. The display shows SET.

3. Press

. The display shows VIEW.

4. Press
. Use
and
their current settings.

to scroll and view the setup parameters and

Enter Setup Menu in Edit Mode

NOTE:

means blinking
2 means blinking 2

1. From RMS, press

. The display shows CLR.

2. Press

. The display shows SET.

3. Press

. The display shows VIEW.

4. Press
. The display shows EDIT. CODE entry is required to enter the
setup menu in edit mode.
5. Press
for two seconds. The display shows CODE 2000 with 2 blinking
The factory set code is 1000.
6. Press

. The display shows CODE 1000 with 1 blinking.

7. Press
once or
four times to accept the new CODE value.
The display shows PASS and then EDIT A.PRI 100.0 indicating the
successful entry to the setup menu in edit mode.
2013 Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.

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NOTE: If you enter a wrong code, the display flashes FAIL, and then displays EDIT. Repeat the
procedure and make sure that you enter correct code.

22

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Chapter 3 Quick Start Guide

Setup Parameters in View and Edit Modes

NOTE:
Default setup values are given in BOLD.
BAUD, PRTY, and ID are applicable only for PM1200.

2013 Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.

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Edit Set Parameters in the Setup Menu


This example explains how to edit the value of A.SEC from 5.000 to 1.000 in
the Setup menu of the power meter.
For easy understanding, setup parameter editing is explained two parts: edit
and accept setup, and save the new value in the setup.
NOTE: After entering into setup, if there is no key press for > 2 minutes, the power meter will exit
from the setup automatically.

Edit and Accept Setup

NOTE:

means blinking
2 means blinking 2

1. After entering the setup menu in edit mode, (Refer to Enter setup menu in
Edit mode on page 21 for more information) press
EDIT A.SEC 5.000.

. The display shows

2. Press
. The display shows EDIT A.SEC 5.000 with blinking 5. The
value can be edited.
3. Press
1.

four times. The display shows EDIT A.SEC 1.000 with blinking

4. Press

to accept the new value.

To edit the next parameter, press

24

and repeat the above steps.

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 3 Quick Start Guide

Save the New Value in the Setup

NOTE:

means blinking
y means blinking y

1. After you edit and accept the parameter as previously described, press
The display shows SAVE y with blinking y.

2. Press
or
to save the new value. The display flashes PASS and
then shows EDIT.
3. Press

to return to SET.

NOTE: If you do not want to save the new value, press


SAVE n in step 1. Then press
step 3.

or

to change the value from SAVE y to

. The display flashes FAIL and shows EDIT. Proceed to

Edit ID

NOTE:

means blinking/editable
2 means blinking 2

1. From RMS, press

. The display shows CLR.

2. Press

. The display shows SET.

3. Press

. The display shows VIEW.

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4. Press

. The display shows EDIT.

5. Press
for two seconds. The display shows CODE 2000 with 2 blinking.
The factory set CODE is 1000.
6. Press

. The display shows CODE 1000 with 1 blinking.

7. Press
once or
four times to accept the new CODE value.
The display shows PASS and then EDIT A.PRI 100.0 indicating the
successful entry to the setup menu in edit mode.
8. Press

until the display shows Edit ID 1.000 page.

Press
to set the desired Edit ID value. Press
page set with the new values.

to view the Edit ID

NOTE: If you enter a wrong code, the display flashes FAIL and then displays EDIT. Repeat the
procedure and make sure that you enter correct code.

Clear INTG and MD


The power meters are equipped with energy integrator INTG, where the
energy parameters are accumulated
INTG CLR: Clear both INTG and MD values
INTG MD: Clear only MD values (where MD is maximum demand)

NOTE:

means blinking
Y means blinking y

INTG Clear
1. From RMS, press
. The display shows CLR.
CODE entry is required to clear the INTG values.
2. Press
for two seconds. The display shows CODE 2000 with blinking
2. The factory set CODE is 1000.
3. Press
4. Press

26

. The display shows CODE 1000 with blinking 1.


once or

four times to accept the new value.

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 3 Quick Start Guide

After the successful CODE entry, the display shows CLR INTG.
5. In order to clear INTG, press
blinking y.

. The display shows CLR INTG y with

6. Press
INTG.

to clear INTG. The display flashes PASS and then CLR

7. Press

. The display shows CLR.

8. Press

to return to RMS page.

NOTE: If you do not want to clear the integrators, press


INTG y to CLR INTG n in step 5. Then press
INTG. Proceed to step 7.

to change the value from CLR

. The display flashes FAIL and shows CLR

MD Clear
1. From RMS, press
. The display shows CLR.
CODE entry is required to clear the INTG values.
2. Press
for two seconds. The display shows CODE 2000 with blinking
2. The factory set CODE is 1000.
3. Press

. The display shows CODE 1000 with blinking 1.

4. Press
once or
four times to accept the new value.
After the successful CODE entry, the display shows CLR INTG.
5. Press

. The display shows CLR MD

6. Press

. The display shows CLR MD y with blinking y.

7. Press

to clear MD. The display flashes PASS and then CLR MD.

8. Press

. The display shows CLR.

9. Press

to return to RMS page.

NOTE: If you do not want to clear the maximum demand, press


CLR MD y to CLR MD n in step 6. Then press
MD. Proceed to step 8.

2013 Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.

to change the value from

. The display flashes FAIL and show CLR

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Energy Integrator
The PM1000 series power meter is equipped with an energy integrator
function. It provides several parameters for Energy Management: VAh, Wh,
VARh (Ind), -VARh (Cap), run.h (run hours), on.h (on hours), INTR
(Interruptions / outages).
A few of these need explanation:
RUN.h: Indicates the period the load has been ON and has run. This
counter accumulates as long as the load is ON.
On.h: The period for which the power meter (supply) is ON.
INTR: Number of supply outages, means the number of auxiliary supply
interruptions. If the power meter auxiliary supply is from a UPS then the
INTR (number of interruptions) will be zero (as long as the UPS stays ON),
even if the voltage signals die out from time to time.

Integrator Overflow
The PM1000 series power meters contain a comprehensive Integrator to
support energy management. It accumulates several parameters over time,
as explained above. All values are direct readings and have a high
resolution. This is necessary for accurate energy analysis over short
intervals of time. It also means that the readings max out and reset sooner
or later, as given below.
Selecting Wh E or VAh E as reset parameters under the Setup menu
(default Wh E) the integrator overflow occurs after register reaches to 9999.
Table 3-1: Integrator overflow for Wh E / VAh E
Power Ratio
(1.732 x V.PRI x A.PRI)

Max reading
(Wh E / VAh E)

Max time to
overflow in
months at full
scale

1 VA to 1000 VA

9999 k

13.88

1 kVA to 1000 kVA

9999 M

13.88

1 MVA to 1000 MVA

9999 G

13.88

> 1000 MVA

<1 year

Example: For a full scale of 200kVA constant load, the overflow duration can
be calculated as follows:
Overflow Duration in months

Max reading
Power Ratio

9999 X 10
3
200 X 10

24 12

= 173.59 Months =

24 12

5.78 Years

Selecting Wh or VAh as overflow parameters under the Setup menu


normally Run Hours reaches the maximum value (9999) and all other
Integrators such as Wh, VAh, VARh, -VARH, On Hours and Interruptions
are reset together.

28

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Chapter 3 Quick Start Guide

Table 3-2: Integrator overflow for Wh / VAh


Power Ratio
(1.732 x V.PRI x A.PRI)

Max reading
(Wh / VAh)

Max time to
reset the
integrator in
Run Hours

Max time to
overflow in
months at full
scale

1 VA to 1000 VA

9999 k

9999

13.88

1 kVA to 1000 kVA

9999 M

9999

13.88

1 MVA to 1000 MVA

9999 G

9999

13.88

<9999

<1 year

> 1000 MVA

OLD Data Register


The power meters have an OLD data register, where the last cleared INTG
values will be stored.
The energy values in the integrator are transferred to the OLD register when
the INTG is cleared (manually/due to overflow). Thus the OLD energy
values are not lost even after the integrator is cleared and can be viewed
with the OLD parameter.
The values of parameters Wh, VAh, VARh, -VARh, and Run.h are stored in
the OLD register when the INTG is cleared.

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Demand Power Calculation Methods


Demand power is the energy accumulated during a specified period divided
by the length of that period. How the power meter performs this calculation
depends on the method you select. To be compatible with electric utility billing
practices, the power meter provides the following types of demand power
calculations:
Auto (sliding block)
User (fixed block)
Auto (sliding block)
In the auto demand power calculation, you select an interval between five
and 30 minutes in steps of five minutes. The demand calculation updates
every 15 seconds.
Auto demand power calculation is the default calculation for PM1000 series
power meters.
User (fixed block)
In the user demand power calculation, you select an interval between five
and 30 minutes in steps of five minutes. The demand calculation updates at
the end of the interval. User demand power calculation can be selected
through setup. See Setup parameters in View and Edit modes on page 23
for more information.

Demand value is the


average for the last
completed interval

15 minute interval
Calculation updates
every 15 seconds

Time
15 30 45 60

Auto (Sliding block) demand calculation

(second)

Demand value is the


average for the last
completed interval
15 minute interval

15 minute interval

Time
(Second)

15

User (Fixed block) demand calculation

30

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 3 Quick Start Guide

PM1000 Series Power Meter Menu Hierarchy

Table 3-2: Description of Parameters


Parameters
A
A1

Description
Current average of 3-Phases (Amps)
RMS current, phase 1 (Amps)

A2

RMS current, phase 2 (Amps)

A3

RMS current, phase 3 (Amps)

A1

Current phase angle, phase 1 in degrees

A2

Current phase angle, phase 2 in degrees

A3

Current phase angle, phase 3 in degrees


Current THD, phase 1 (ATHD)

A%1

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Parameters
A%2

Description
Current THD, phase 2 (ATHD)

A%3
An

Current THD, phase 3 (ATHD)


Neutral current (Amps)

A.UNB
CLR

Current unbalance between 3-Phases


To clear integrators and Maximum Demand

CLR INTG

Clears Integrators

CLR MD

Clears Maximum Demand

DIAG

Diagnostics pages

Dia1

Communication settings

Dia2

Product model and version number

Dia3

Display scanning for display LED check

DMD VA

VA Demand

Edit

To edit parameter values

Frequency in Hz

FAIL

Confirms the unsuccessful completion of a command

HR

Hours at which maximum demand has occurred (hours)

INTG.tot

Total Integrator

INTR

No. of power interruptions

INTG. REV

Reverse Integrator

INTG. Fwd

Forward Integrator

L%1

% of load, phase 1

L%2

% of load, phase 2

L%3

% of load, phase 3

MD

Maximum Demand

OLD.tot

OLD Total Integrator

OLD. REV

OLD Reverse Integrator

OLD. Fwd

OLD Forward Integrator

On.h

Duration of supply ON hours

PASS

Confirms the successful completion of a command

PF

Power Factor average of 3-Phases

PF1

Power Factor, phase 1

PF2

Power Factor, phase 2

PF3

Power Factor, phase 3

Rd

Rising demand within the demand cycle

RMS

Root Mean Square

RPM

Revolution Per Minute of the motor

R.Run

Reverse Run hours

Run.h

Forward Run hours

R.VAh

Reverse Volt-Ampere hours (VAh)

R.VAR

Reverse Reactive energy, Inductive (VARh)

-R.VAR

Reverse Reactive energy, Capacitive (-VARh)

R.Wh

Reverse Watt hours (Wh)

Save

Saves the information

Set

To edit set parameter values

THD

Total Harmonic Distortion

TR

Time remaining to
(Minutes:Seconds)

t.run
t.VAh

Total Run hours


Total Volt-Ampere hours (VAh)

t.VAR

Total Reactive energy, Inductive (VARh)

-t.VAR

Total Reactive energy, Capacitive (-VARh)

t.Wh

Total Watt hours (Wh)

V1

RMS Voltage, phase 1 to neutral (Volts)

V2

RMS Voltage, phase 2 to neutral (Volts)

V3

RMS Voltage, phase 3 to neutral (Volts)

V12

RMS Voltage, phase 12 (Volts)

V23

RMS Voltage, phase 23 (Volts)

complete

the

demand

cycle

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 3 Quick Start Guide

Parameters
V31

Description
RMS Voltage, phase 31 (Volts)

V%1

Voltage THD, phase 1 (VTHD)

V%2

Voltage THD, phase 2 (VTHD)

V%3

Voltage THD, phase 3 (VTHD)

VA

Apparent power total (VA)

VA1

Volt-Amperes, phase 1 (VA)

VA2

Volt-Amperes, phase 2 (VA)

VA3

Volt-Amperes, phase 3 (VA)

VAd

VA Demand

VAh
VAR

Forward Volt-Ampere hours


Reactive power total (VAR)

VAR1

VAR, phase 1 (VAR)

VAR2

VAR, phase 2 (VAR)

VAR3

VAR, phase 3 (VAR)

VARh

Forward Reactive energy, Inductive

-VARh

Forward Reactive energy, Capacitive

View
VLL

To view set parameter values


Phase-phase voltage average (Volts)

VLN

Phase-neutral voltage average (Volts)

V.UNB
W

Voltage unbalance between 3-Phases


Active power total (Watts)

W1

Watts, phase 1 (Watts)

W2

Watts, phase 2 (Watts)

W3

Watts, phase 3 (Watts)

Wh

Forward Watt hours

Wh E

Integrator reset based on only Wh overflow

VAh E

Integrator reset based on only VAh overflow

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 4 AC Power Measurement

Chapter 4: AC Power Measurement


3-Phase Systems
A 3-phase system delivers higher levels of power for industrial and
commercial applications. The three phases correspond to three potential
lines. A 120 phase shift exists between the three potential lines.
A typical configuration has either a Delta connection or a Wye (Star)
connection
In a 3-phase system, the voltage levels between the phases and the neutral
are ideally defined by V1 = V2 = V3 = V12 / 3 = V23 / 3 = V31 / 3. In
practice, there will be some unbalance (difference).

1) Delta

2) Wye

Voltages between the phases vary, depending on loading factors and the
quality of distribution transformers.
Power measurement in a poly-phase system is governed by Blondel's
Theorem. Blondels Theorem states that, in a power distribution network,
which has N conductors, the number of measurement elements required to
determine power is N-1. A typical configuration of a poly-phase system has
either a Delta connection or a Wye (Star) connection (see Figure below).

1) Delta

2) Wye

Where EAB= Voltage across points A and B


ECB= Voltage across points C and B
EAN= Voltage across points A and N (Neutral)
EBN= Voltage across points B and N (Neutral)
ECN= Voltage across points C and N (Neutral)
IA = Current through conductor A
IB = Current through conductor B
IC = Current through conductor C

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Chapter 4 AC Power Measurement

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Consumption and Poor Power Factor


CONSUMPTION: Wh = W x T, where W = instantaneous power, T = time in
hours.
The total electric energy usage over a time period is the consumption of Wh.
Typically, the unit in which consumption is specified is the kilowatt-hour
(kWh): one thousand watts consumed over one hour. Utilities use the Wh
equation to determine the overall consumption in a billing period.
Poor power factor: Results in reactive power consumption. Transferring
reactive power over a distribution network causes energy loss. To force
consumers to correct their power factor, utilities monitor reactive power
consumption and penalize the user for poor power factor.

3D kVA Measurement
The power meters are equipped with 3D Measurement of kVA. This
advanced method provides the most accurate and predictable measurement
under unbalanced as well as distorted waveform conditions.
However, in case the power meters need to match the reading of older or
simpler power meters, which use the Arithmetic kVA definition, this too is
available as a Setup option.
Table 4-1: 3D kVA Measurement
kVA
Function

Formula

3D Factory
setting

kVA3 D

Other
Names

W2

VAR2

Which one?

U, Apparent, Best, all around


Vector kVA

D2

Where D = Distortion Power per IEEE 100


Arth

36

kVAArth

kVA1

kVA2

kVA3

Arithmetic,
Scalar kVA

Good under Low


unbalance, to
match simpler
meters without
3D capability

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PLSED309039EN
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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 5 Installation

Chapter 5: Installation
Mechanical Installation
The PM1000 series power meters are panel-mounted and have reliable,
rear-mounted terminal strips rated at 480 V.
The 92 x 92 mm (3.62 x 3.62 in.) cut-out and 96 x 96 mm (3.78 x 3.78 in.)
bezel dimensions adhere to IEC 61554 and DIN 43700.
The diagram below displays the various dimensions of mechanical
installations.
Figure 5-1: Mechanical dimensions and recommended panel cut-out

83.0
3.26

8.0
0.31

90.0
3.54

96.0
3.78

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Chapter 5 Installation

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Installation Procedure
Usage
First, decide how the power meter is to be used. If you do not already have an
energy management program in operation, then your energy consultant
should be able to help you identify which load(s) offer maximum savings
potential. This will help you decide which point is to be monitored, where the
readings will be viewed from, who must have access to the instrument and
how often. Otherwise, decide the location of the power meter and install it. For
best performance, choose a location that provides all the required signals with
minimum wiring lengths.
Panel Considerations and Environment
The power meter is high-precision measuring instrument, and its operating
environment is of utmost importance. For maximum performance, the
instrument should be mounted in a dry, dust-free location, away from heat
sources and strong electromagnetic fields. To operate reliably, the following
conditions must be met:
Table 5-1: Environmental Conditions
Description

Specification

Storage temperature

-25 C to 70 C, (-13 F to 158 F)

Operating temperature

-10 C to 60 C, (14 F to 140 F)

Relative humidity

5% to 95%, non-condensing

The power meters should be separated from other equipment and sufficient
space must be provided all around for cooling air to rise vertically past the
instrument. The cooling air temperature must be below the specified
operating temperature.
The panel or housing, in which the PM1000 power meter is mounted, should
protect it from dust, moisture, oil, corrosive vapors, etc.
The panel doors must be easily opened to provide easy access to the power
meter wiring for troubleshooting. Allow clearance if the unit is going to swing
out, as well as adequate slack in the wiring. Allow space for terminal blocks,
CT shorting blocks, fuses, auxiliary contactors, and other necessary
components.
Viewing
For ease of operation, the location should be preferably at, or slightly above,
eye-level. For viewing comfort, minimize glare and reflections from strong
light sources.

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 5 Installation

Mounting
The power meters are panel mountable.
Table 5-2: Mounting
Description

Specification

Panel cut-out

92+0.5-0 mm (w) x 92+0.5-0 mm(h) (3.62+0.02 x


3.62+0.02 in.)
IEC 61554 and DIN 43700

Panel thickness

0.5 to 4.0 mm (0.02 to 0.16 in.)

Instrumental bezel dimension

96 x 96 mm (3.78 x 3.78 in,)

Depth behind bezel


Mounting clamps screws

83 mm (3.26 in.)
Two in numbers, Slotted

Terminal screws

Combination Phillips and Slotted head

The cut-out should be punched with the proper tool and should be free from
burrs. The following figure explains the mounting of the power meter.
Figure 5-2: Mounting

1
Remove the
Remove
mounting clamps
mountingthe
clamps
from the power meter.
meter.

2
Gently slide the power meter
through
the cut-out.
Gently slide
the power
meter through the cut-out.

3
Put the mounting clamps back in the power meter
Put the
mounting
clamps back
in the
power
and
tighten
the mounting
clamps
screws.
meter and tighten the mounting clamps screws.

While supporting the power meter from the front, tighten both side clamp
screws in a criss-cross pattern till all slack is taken up and then apply one
full turn. Do not over-tighten. Over-tightening could result in breaking of the
clamps.
The power meter should be separated from other equipments and sufficient
space must be provided all around the power meter, to allow air to rise
vertically around the power meter. Lack of sufficient air for cooling may
result in over heating of the power meter.
NOTE: It is much easier to set up the meter before you mount the power meter on the panel.
See Quick setup on page 19 for more information.

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Electrical Installation
This section describes the following:
The need for, and selection of, potential transformers (PTs) and current
transformers (CTs).
Auxiliary supply (control power), PT (VT), and CT connections.

NOTICE
DAMAGE TO THE DEVICE
Use only the specified tool for tightening and loosening the screw
Do not over-torque the screw above the specified range

Failure to follow these instructions can result in equipment damage.


For best results, ensure the following specifications:
Torque driver preferred, hand screwdriver OK.
TIP: Phillips head is preferred, but flat head is acceptable. Do not use
Pozidriv tips.

M3.5 screw; screw head diameter = 6 mm (0.24 in.)


TIP shaft diameter < 5 mm (0.2 in.)
IMPORTANT: Screwdriver shafts inserted angularly or of diameter 5 mm
(0.2 in.) will get stuck in the cover.
Tightening Torque: 0.25 to 1 N.m (2.21 to 8.85 lb-in)
NOTE: If the torque is more than 1 N.m (8.85 lb-in), then it may damage the screw or the
screw head.

Loosening Torque: 1.2 N.m (10.62 lb-in)


Connecting Cable Recommendations
Table 5-3: Connecting cable
Insulation Rating

Current Rating

Voltage Circuit

> 600 Vac

> 0.1 A

Current Circuit

> 600 Vac

> 7.5 A
Or 2.5 mm2/ 14 AWG
minimum

NOTE: Installations should include a disconnecting device, like a switch or circuit breaker, with
clear ON/OFF markings to turn-off the auxiliary supply (control power). The disconnecting
device should be placed within the reach of the equipment and the operator.

40

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 5 Installation

Terminal connections using lugs


Terminal connection using U lugs
Lug type: Insulated sleeved U lugs
2
Cross-section: 2.5 mm /14 AWG

It is very simple and easy to connect the terminals using the U lugs. The
following steps explain how to connect the power meter terminals using U
lugs.

1. Loosen the terminal screw.


2. Connect the wire with the U lug to the power meter terminal.
3. Tighten the terminal screw.
Terminal connections using ring lugs
Lug type: Ring lugs
2
Cross-section: 2.5 mm /14 AWG

To connect the terminals using ring lugs, follow the steps explained below.

1. Remove the protective cover from the power meter.


2. Remove the terminal screw from the power meter.

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 5 Installation

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3. Connect the wire with the ring lug to the power meter terminal.
4. Place the terminal screw back in the terminal and tighten the terminal
screw.
5. Place the protective cover back and tighten the protective cover.
NOTE: The above example explains connection for only one terminal. In order to connect the
other terminals, repeat the steps 2 and 3 for as many numbers of terminals. Then proceed to
the remaining steps.

Auxiliary Supply (Control Power)


The PM1000 series power meter requires a single-phase AC/DC auxiliary
(control) power supply to power up its internal electronic circuitry. External
surge suppressors are necessary in the auxiliary supply circuit for proper
operation during extreme surge conditions, where the voltage surges
exceed the auxiliary supply limits (e.g., rural areas and outlying areas prone
to lightning strikes).
Range:
44 to 277 Vac/dc.
Burden (load) < 3 VA at 240 V.
The control power may be derived from the voltage signals.
If you have a 440 V 3-wire delta system and a reliable neutral is not
available, use a 440 V: 240 V supply transformer to provide the standard
240 V auxiliary supply.
NOTE: It is much easier to set up the meter before you mount the meter on the panel. See
Quick setup on page 19 for more information.

PTs (VTs) and CTs


Large electrical installations have high voltages and currents, which may
exceed the direct connection rating of the power meter. In this case,
potential transformers (PTs) and current transformers (CTs) are used to
precisely step down or reduce the voltage and current levels to suit the
power meter rating. Potential transformers usually have a full scale output of
110 Vac RMS line-line and current transformers usually have a full scale
output of 5 A or sometimes 1 A.
The PTs (VTs) and CTs must be planned, installed, and tested by a qualified
electrical contractor before wiring the power meter. The accuracy of the
measurement also depends on the accuracy and phase angle error of the
PTs (VTs) and CTs. Instrument class 1 or better PTs and CTs are
recommended. Do not use protection class (10P10, etc.) CTs to feed the
power meters; they have poor accuracy and phase characteristics.
Ensure that the CT primary rating has been selected so that your normal
load variation lies between 40% and 80% of its full scale. If your CT is overrated, say if the load is always less than 10% of the CT primary rating,
accuracy suffers. On the other hand, if the CT is under-rated, then you may
exceed its full scale and burn out both the CT and the power meter.
PT (VT), CT Wiring
The PTs (VTs) and CTs must have adequate VA rating to support the
burden (loading) on the secondaries. You may want to support the auxiliary
supply burden from one of the PTs (VTs). CT wiring can impose additional
burden (loading) on the CT. For example, if the CT has a 5 A secondary and
the wire resistance is 1.0 , then the CT has to support an additional burden
of 5 VA. If the wiring distance from the CT secondary is greater than stated
in Table 5-5 on page 42, then the CT could get over-burdened and give
large errors. Choosing a 1 A CT secondary can reduce this error. The CT

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Chapter 5 Installation

secondary value must be user programmed into the power meter.


The power meters should be conveniently located for easy connections of
voltage (PT), current (CT) signals, and auxiliary (control) supply.
NOTE: The power meters user programmable PT and CT primary or secondary settings may
be utilized to Calibrate out the PT and CT amplitude error, for improved accuracy.

Voltage Signal Connections


For proper power meter operation, the voltage connection must be
maintained. The voltage must correspond to the correct terminal. The cable
required to terminate the voltage sense circuit should have an insulation
rating greater than 480 Vac and a current rating greater than 0.1 A.
There are four input voltage terminals marked V1, V2, V3, and Vn. See the
Connection Diagrams on page 46 that follow, for details. For Delta
connection, the Vn terminal should be left unconnected.
PT Connections
The power meters directly accept LV voltage inputs of up to 480 Vac RMS
line to line (277 VLN). Voltages greater than this, typically HV systems,
must be connected through Potential transformers (PTs). The power meters
allow user programming of both PT primary and secondary voltages.
User programmable PT primary range: 0.1 to 999 kVac RMS LL
User programmable PT secondary range: 80 to 481 Vac RMS LL
Power meter voltage Input burden: 0.2 VA per input
NOTE: The PT primary and secondary values must be user programmed before using the
power meter. Otherwise, the readings will be wrong.

Selecting the voltage fuses


We strongly recommend using fuses on each of the sense voltages (except
for neutral) and the control / auxiliary power.
Table 5-4: Fuse recommendation
Power Source

Source voltage

Fuse (A)

Line voltage

80 to 480 VLL

0.25

Auxiliary supply (Control


power)

0.25

Current Signal Connections


The power meter accepts up to 6 A AC RMS per channel directly. Above
that, a current transformer must be interposed to scale down the current.
There are three pairs of current input terminals marked A1, A2, and A3.
Each pair of input terminals is labeled as S1, S2 and has an arrow indicating
the direction of current flow. For proper measurements, the phase
identification, and the polarity of the current signals must be correct. The
forward flow (import by consumer) current direction must be into the S1
terminal and the exit from the S2 terminal. Maintain the correct sequence
and polarity to avoid wrong readings.
Any unused current input terminals must be shorted together, e.g., in Delta
connection, the terminals A2 (S1, S2) must be shorted together. The shorted
terminals do not need to be grounded.
The wiring used for the current inputs should have an insulation rating
greater than 480 Vac. The cable connection should be rated for 7.5 A or
2
greater and have a cross-sectional area of 2.5 mm (14 AWG) minimum.
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CT Connections
Mount the current transformers (CTs) as close as possible to the power
meter for best accuracy. The following table illustrates the maximum
recommended distances for various CT sizes, assuming the connection is
2
via 2.5 mm (14 AWG) cable.
Table: 5-5: CT size and maximum distance

2.5 VA
5.0 VA

Maximum Distance in meters (in feet/inch)


(CT to PM1000 power meter)
3.05 m (10 ft/120 in.)
4.6 m (15 ft/181 in,)

7.5 VA

9.15 m (30 ft/360 in.)

10.0 VA

12.2 m (40 ft/480 in.)

15.0 VA

18.3 m (60 ft/720 in.)

30.0 VA

36.6 m (120 ft/1441 in.)

5 A CT size

User programmable CT primary range: 1 A to 99 kA AC.


CT secondary: 1 A or 5 A AC (programmable)
Other values are also programmable to compensate CT errors if desired.
Power meters CT burden: 0.2 VA maximum per input.
See the Setup Menu on page 19 for more information.
NOTE:
The PT primary and secondary values must be user programmed before using the power
meter. Otherwise, the readings will be wrong.
With dual- range CTs; select the best range for programming the power meter. If you change
the range thereafter without re-programming the power meter, the power meter will read
erroneous values.

CT Polarity
When the power meter is connected using the CTs, you must maintain
correct CT polarities. CT polarities are dependent upon correct connections
of CT leads, and upon the direction the CTs are facing when clamped
around conductors. The dot on the CT must face the line side; the
corresponding secondary connection must connect to the appropriate input
on the power meter.
Failure to connect CTs properly results in inaccurate power readings. If your
power meter is not reading power properly, it is more than likely that the CT
is incorrectly wired. If one or two CTs are reversed, then energy parameters
accumulate only one phase value. If two or all the phases of the CT are
reversed, energy will not accumulate. (Energy import will not be measured).
CT Connection Reversal
To check the polarity of the CT after the power meter has been installed,
simply look at the phase-wise W (Watt) readings to see that each of the
readings are positive (assuming you are consuming power). If one of the W
readings is negative, that particular phase CT is reversed and must be
corrected. On the other hand if you are exporting power, all three phasewise W readings must be negative.

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Chapter 5 Installation

Setup System Type


The power meter needs to know the type of system to which it is connected.
This information is programmed in the setup procedure, before using the
power meter. The power meter does allow you to change this setting while it
is running; however, this capability is meant for correcting a gross error, or
for training or educational purposes; it is not to be changed on regular basis.
The options are:
Wye/Star: For 3-phase 4-wire, three Watt-meter or three Element
circuits. Here, all three voltage phase signals, the neutral voltage
connection, and all three current input signals need to be wired in. This
means all the four voltage terminals, and six current terminals described in
the following section, need to be wired. For wye/star wiring configuration,
see 3-phase 4-wire WYE connection with 3 CTs and 3 PTs on page 47
for more information.
Delta: For 3-phase 3-wire, two Watt-meter or two Element circuits. For
delta and open delta wiring configuration, see 3-phase 3-wire Delta
connection with 2 CTs and 3 PTs on page 47 and 3-Phase 3-Wire Open
Delta connection with 2 CTs and 2 PTs on page 48 for more information.
2-phase: For 2-phase 3-wire, two Watt-meter or two Element circuits.
Here, the two voltage phase signals, the neutral voltage connection, and
two current input signals need to be wired in. This means that the three
voltage terminals and four current terminals described in the following
section, need to be wired. For two phase wiring configuration, see 2phase 3-wire connection with 2 CTs on page 48 for more information.
Single-phase: For single-phase 2-wire, one Watt-meter or one Element
circuits. Here a single voltage Phase signal, the neutral voltage
connection, and a single current input signal need to be wired in. This
means that two voltage terminals and one current terminal described in the
following section need to be wired. For Single phase wiring configuration,
see Single phase connection with 1 CT on page 48 for more information.

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Phase Labels
The phase labels shown on the display are programmable via the power
meters front panel Setup menu. You can setup the meter to display phase
labels convenient to your practice. The choices available are: 123 (factory
set), RYB, RST, PQR, ABC.

Connection Diagrams
Choose the diagram below that best describes your application. You must
ensure that the CT phase and corresponding PT phase are identical and
that the CT polarity is correct. Follow the outlined procedure to verify correct
connection.
Connection Diagram Symbols
Table 5-6: Connection diagrams symbols
Symbol

Description
Fuse
Current transformer
Shorting block

Potential transformer
Protection (to be adapted to
suit the short-circuit current at
the connection point)

Figure 5-3: Terminal Block Label

Aux Supply
(Control Power)
44 to 277 Vac/dc

Communication
(PM1200 only)

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 5 Installation

3-phase 4-wire WYE connection with 3 CTs and 3 PTs


Direct voltage connection for the input voltages L-L up to 480 Vac.

Use PT if
V L-L> 480Vac

Figure 5-4: 3-phase 4-wire WYE connection

NOTE:
Make sure WYE/Star is programmed in the power meter Setup menu.
For High leg (US connection)
L1 N = 120 V
L2 N = 208 V
L3 N = 120 V

3-phase 3-wire delta connection with 2 CTs and 3 PTs


Direct voltage connection for the input voltages L-L up to 480 Vac.

Use PT if
V L-L> 480Vac

Figure 5-5: 3-phase 3-wire delta connection

NOTE: Make sure Delta is programmed in the power meter Setup menu. Leave the Vn terminal
disconnected.

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3-phase 3-wire open delta connection with 2 CTs and 2 PTs


Direct voltage connection for the input voltages L-L up to 480 Vac.

Use PT if
V L-L> 480Vac/V L-N>277 Vac

Figure 5-6: 3-phase 3-wire open delta connection

NOTE: Make sure Delta is programmed in the power meter Setup menu.

2-phase 3-wire connection with 2 CTs


Direct voltage connection for the input voltages is L-L up to 480 Vac.
Otherwise, it is two PTs.

Use PT if
V L-L> 480Vac

Figure 5-7: 2-phase 3-wire connection

NOTE: Make sure 2-phase is programmed in the power meter Setup menu.

Single-phase connection with 1 CT


Direct voltage connection for the input voltages L-L up to 480 Vac.
Otherwise, use one PT.
1. Program the power meter in single-phase mode.
However, voltages primary and secondary need to be programmed as
Line to Line.
2. Connect the voltage and current inputs only to the V1 and A1 voltage
and current terminals of the power meter.
3. The unused current terminals (A2 and A3) must be shorted together to
reduce noise picked up in the power meter.
4. However, the energy parameter readings will be accurate.

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Chapter 5 Installation

Figure 5-8: Single-phase connection

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Chapter 5 Installation

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 6 Data Communication

Chapter 6: Data Communication


This section is applicable only for PM1200 power meter.

Float Byte Register


Float Byte Characteristics:
Block wise access.
If Read and Write values are matching, then it means the float byte
sequence is in sync with the master.
The float byte number is fixed.
Table 6-1: Float Byte Test Sequence Register
Addr: 320-321
(2 registers)

Data Type

Description

Property

4030201.0

Float

Before starting the


communication, you
must write this number
and read

Normal Read and Write

NOTE:
If any other write value is given as input other than the mentioned write value in the
above table, then the meter will give a data exception response.
If you do not want the default value, you can always set the desired values in the Edit
page.

Health Check Register


Health Check Register Characteristics:
Normal Read Only.
16bit UNIT.
Identifies the meter existence in the network.
Table 6-2: Health Check Register
Addr: 0304
(1 register)

Data Type

Description

Property

Model Type

UNIT16

To identify the meter


Normal Read
presence in the network

Float Byte Order Detection


Float Byte Order Detection Characteristics:
Normal Read Only.
16bit UNIT.
Identifies the float byte order in the meter.
Table 6-3: Float Byte Order Detection
Addr: 0306
(1 register)

Data Type

Description

Model Type

UNIT16

To identify the float byte Normal Read


order in the meter

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Property

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RS-485 Data Port


Data Port advantages:
Rapid, on-line, real time readings into
Your own SCADA software or PLC.
Schneider Electric energy management software products such as
Vijeo Citect, PowerLogic SCADA for pinpointing the energy usage and
waste.
It supports ION enterprise.
Data port has built-in impedance matched design for low reflectance on
long data cables at high Baud rates. Eliminates need for complicated
impedance matching resistors at the ends of long data cables.
Fast 16 ms power meter response, average time to read 10 parameters is
90 to 100 ms (9600 Baud, Even parity, One stop bit).
Direct reading, pre-scaled Float readings. Accurate, full precision low and
high readings. No need for additional scaling factors or decimal
adjustment.
Fast, easy-to-use grouping of parameters tuned for field requirements.
TURBO area for single point polling (upto 50 per query)
Block area for even faster access to pre-configured data blocks

Installation
Figure 6-1: 2-wire half duplex communication connection
PM1200
powermeters
meters
PM1200 power
rearrear
viewview
RS-485
communication port

RS 485
communication port

-+

RS 485
RS-485
RS 485
Data
Data
Converter

Converter
RS 232

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Chapter 6 Data Communication

Figure 6-2: Closed loop, 2-wire half duplex.


Advantage Reliable communications, tolerant to one break in the
cable.
PM1200 power meters rear view

PM1200 power meters rear view


RS-485
communication port

RS 485
communication port

- +

RS485

RS232

RS 485 Data
Data
RS-485
Converter
Converter

Communication Capabilities
Table 6-4: RS-485 communication distances
Baud Rate
9600
19200

Maximum communication distances 1 to 32 devices


Meters ( Typical with Belden 3105A cables)
1200
900

NOTE: Distances listed should be used as guide only and cannot be guaranteed for nonEasyLogic devices. Above distances subject to vary based on the quality of the cable.

Daisy-chaining Devices to the Power Meter


The RS-485 slave port allows the power meter to be connected in a daisy
chain with up to 31 2-wire devices. In this bulletin, communications link
refers to a chain of devices that are connected by a communications cable.
See Figure 6-3.
Figure 6-3: Daisy-chaining 2-wire devices
Belden 3105A/9841 or equivalent
MCT2W-485 terminator
on the last device of the
daisy chain

+ Towards PC
Power Meter 1200 or other PowerLogic/EasyLogic 2-wire compatible devices

NOTE: Belden 3105A/9841 colors: Blue (+), White (-)

If the power meter is the first device on the daisy chain, connect it to the
host device using a RS-232 to RS-422/RS-485 converter or RS-485 to
Ethernet converter.
If the power meter is the last device on the daisy chain, terminate it with
the terminator provided.
See Table 6-4 on page 53, for the maximum daisy-chain communications
distances for 2-wire devices.

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Chapter 6 Data Communication

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The terminals voltage and current ratings are compliant with the
requirements of the EIA RS-485 communications standard.

Data Formats and Settings


Your SCADA software must be configured for Modbus RTU communication,
before integrating the Schneider Electric PM1200 power meter.
The mode of transmission is defined in the following which is compatible
with Modbus RTU Mode:
Table 6-5: Power meter communication and protocol settings
Power meter communication settings
Protocol

Modbus RTU

Data bits

Baud rate

9600 Baud, User set 4800 to 19200


Range: 4800, 9600, 19200
Normal use: 19200 Baud
Noisy, EMI, RFI, long data cable: 4800 Baud
Short cable (<300 meters or 975 feet): 19200 Baud

Parity

Even

Device Address

Stop bit

Modbus Protocol
Device Address

1 to 247
Upto 247 meters per COM port with repeaters

Function Code

03 (Read)

Data Address

Refer to Data address on page 56 for more information

Data type

32-bit float (real) :


All parameters
Direct reading, little-endian float, big-endian float, no scaling
required 32-bit unsigned integer
INTR (number of interruptions (outages) - RMS Blocks)
RunSec (Run seconds Integ Block)

No of Registers

2 to 50 (optional) per PM1200 data block of 10 x 32 bit values must


be configured to suit the power meter

NOTE: The polling interval to poll the data from PM1200 will depend on baud rate. We
recommend polling interval of one second at 9600 Baud rate.

Modbus Standard Device Identification


Addressing the Modbus standard device identification
You can use Modbus command 0x2B/0x0E on these device identification
parameters.
Table 6-6: Modbus standard device identification parameters
Object ID

Object Name

Format

Access

00

Manufacturer name

String

01

Product code

String

02

FW Version

String

NOTE:
The Read device identification can be read as stream access and as individual access.
The product code is the same file name without version number.

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Chapter 6 Data Communication

Parameter Settings for Different SCADA Software


The following table explains how to read the parameter VA (See Individual
parameter address on page 58 for more information) in different Modbus
master software/PLCs.
Table 6-7: Parameter settings
SL. SCADA software
No
1 ION Enterprise

Start
Address
4 01

Function
Code
Internally
configured
Internally
configured
Internally
configured
Nil

No. of
Register
2

43901

PowerLogic
SCADA
Vijeo Citect

Intouch

43901 F

Modscan
(Master)

3901

03
HOLDING
REGISTERS
03
Rosemount
Nil

MODTEST

43901

CIMPLICITY

43901

03-HOLDING
REGISTERS

Direct
conversion. The
array concept
can be used
here to poll all
the data in
single scan.
Floating point Direct

Allenbradly
Micrologix PLC
(Slave/Master)
GE Fanuc PLC

43901

03-HOLDING
REGISTERS
Index-3900 03- Read
HOLDING
REGISTERS

Real

Query
Range - 2

11 SEIMENS PLC
(Master)
12 MOVICON
13 RSVIEW

3900

MFI Analog Under sub


measured
parameters,
Floating value Sign and
Exponent in
First Register
should be
disabled
(Unchecked)
Real
Direct

2
2

Real
Real

Direct
Direct

14 ABB Microscada

3900

Interval 2 Real

Direct

10 ABB RTU 560


(Mater)

2013 Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.

43901

43901

43901
43901

03-HOLDING
REGISTERS
Nil
03-HOLDING
REGISTERS
Format 9

2
2
2

Points -1
100

Data Type

Remarks

Swapped Float Direct


conversion
Real
Direct
conversion
Real
Direct
conversion
Float
Direct
conversion
Floating point Unswapped FP
mode
FloatRosemount
Real

Direct

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Communication Test
Communication test: PM1200 power meter can be successfully used for
communication using Modscan software as Modbus master in PC. Details
of the settings in Modscan are given below.
Settings in Modscan v3.D05-00 software to establish communication
with PM1200 power meters:
Free download demo Modscan software from http://www.win-tech.com.
The following explains how to read apparent power total (VA total) from
register 3901.

1. After starting the Modscan, to read Apparent power total (VA total), enter
address as 3901 (decimal), length as 2, device ID as 1, Modbus point
type as 03, and HOLDING REGISTER.
2. Modify the connection details: Click connection > connect, to see the
connection detail window. Change all the settings to match the
following screen. These are default settings of PM1200 power meter.

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Chapter 6 Data Communication

3. Set the Modbus protocol selections: On Connection details window


(shown in previous step), click on Protocol Selections. Enter the
protocol settings as shown below and click OK in all the windows.

4. The Modscan software starts polling the configured COM port for the
Device ID 1.
Modscan Demo software will stop polling after 3.5 minutes.

This shows that the power meter is communicating with the Modbus
Modscan master software successfully on the PC. The power meter is
Modbus RTU compliant.

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Data Address
The PM1200 power meter supports the transfer of whole block and also of
individual data values (two registers are used for storing single data values).
In the transfer of individual data values, it treats two registers as an object
with the starting address (e.g., 3900) considered as the object name. This
enables you to transfer required data values for energy management.
In the transfer of a whole block, it treats each block as an object with the
starting address (e.g., 3000) considered as the object name. This enables
fast block transfers, since energy management usually requires a block of
related readings for the same point of time. This method also eliminates
time-skew within readings of that block.
The device address, block start address, and the number of registers,
must be configured to suit the power meter. You must also make the
related SCADA settings for polling priority, logging, and viewing the data.
Refer your SCADA software instructions to learn how to do this.
Individual Parameter Address
Function Code: 03 Read
No scaling required
Read as block or individual parameters
Table 6-8: Individual parameter address
Parameter

Type

PM1200

Metering
Metering - Current
A
Current average of 3-Phases 3913
A1
Current, phase 1
3929

Description

Float
Float

A2

Current, phase 2

3943

Float

A3

Current, phase 3

3957

Float

3909
3911
3925
3939
3953
3927
3941
3955

Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float

3903
3919
3933
3947
3905
3921
3935
3949
3901
3917
3931
3945

Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float

3907

Float

3923
3937
3951

Float
Float
Float

Metering Voltage
VLL
Line to line average voltage
VLN
Line to neutral voltage
V12
Voltage phase 1 to phase 2
V23
Voltage phase 2 to phase 3
V31
Voltage phase 3 to phase 1
V1
Voltage phase 1 to neutral
V2
Voltage phase 2 to neutral
V3
Voltage phase 3 to neutral
Metering - Power
W
Active power, total
W1
Active power, phase 1
W2
Active power, phase 2
W3
Active power, phase 3
VAR
Reactive power, total
VAR1
Reactive power, phase 1
VAR2
Reactive power, phase 2
VAR3
Reactive power, phase3
VA
Apparent power, total
VA1
Apparent power, phase 1
VA2
Apparent power, phase 2
VA3
Apparent power, phase 3
Metering Power Factor
PF
Power factor average of 3Phases
PF1
Power factor, phase 1
PF2
Power factor, phase 2
PF3
Power factor, phase 3
Metering - Frequency

58

Address

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Chapter 6 Data Communication

Parameter

Description

Address

Type

PM1200

F
Frequency, Hz
Power Quality
THD
%V1
Voltage THD, phase 1

3915

Float

3861

Float

%V2

Voltage THD, phase 2

3863

Float

%V3

Voltage THD, phase 3

3865

Float

%A1

Current THD, phase 1

3867

Float

%A2

Current THD, phase 2

3869

Float

%A3

Current THD, phase 3

3871

Float

NOTE: The PM1200 power meter shows current THD% as ---- in the display and -999.0 in
communications during the following conditions.
When the secondary current is 0.49 A or 5.4 A.
When the frequency is > 65 Hz
Energy
FwdVAh
FwdWh
FwdVARh
FwdVARh
RevVAh
RevWh
RevVARh
RevVARh
On hrs 1.1.1.
FwdRun secs
RevRun secs
Intr

Forward apparent energy


Forward active energy
Forward reactive inductive
energy
Forward reactive capacitive
energy
Reverse apparent energy
Reverse active energy
Reverse reactive inductive
Energy
Reverse reactive capacitive
Energy
On hours
Forward run seconds
Reverse run seconds
Number of power
interruptions

Demand
Present Demand Present demand
Rising Demand Rising demand
Max MD
Maximum demand
Max DM
1.1.2.
Maximum demand
Occurrence
occurrence time
Time
Percentage of Load parameters
% Avg Load
Average load percentage
%L1
Percentage of phase 1 load
%L2
Percentage of phase 2 load
%L3
Percentage of phase 3 load
Unbalanced
1.1.3.
Unbalanced %load
%Load
Unbalanced
1.1.4.% Unbalanced % voltage
voltage

3959
3961
3963

Float
Float
Float

3965

Float

3967
3969
3971

Float
Float
Float

3973

Float

3993
3995
3997
3999

Long
Long
Long
Long

3975
3977
3979
3981

Float
Float
Float
Long

3881
3883
3885
3887
3889

Float
Float
Float
Float
Float

3891

Float

Block Parameter Address


Total RMS Block :
Function Code: 03H Read
Number of registers: 20
No scaling required
Read as block only

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Table 6-9: Total RMS block


Parameter
VA
W
VAR
PF
VLL
VLN
A
F
Reserved
Intr

Description
Apparent power, total
Active power, total
Reactive power, total
Average Power Factor of 3-Phases
Average line to line voltage
Average line to neutral voltage
Average current
Frequency, Hz
Reserved
Number of interruption

Address
3001
3003
3005
3007
3009
3011
3013
3015
3017
3019

Type
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Long
Long

PM1200

R phase RMS Block:


Function Code: 03H Read
Number of registers: 20
No scaling required
Read as block only
Table 6-10: R phase RMS block
Parameter
VA1
W1
VAR1
PF1
V12
V1
A1
F1
Reserved
Intr1

Description
Apparent power, phase1
Active power, phase1
Reactive power, phase1
Power factor, phase1
Voltage phase1 to phase2
Voltage phase1 to neutral
Current, phase1
Frequency, Hz
Reserved
Number of interruption

Address
3031
3033
3035
3037
3039
3041
3043
3045
3047
3049

Type
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Long
Long

PM1200

Y phase RMS Block:


Function Code: 03H Read
Number of registers: 20
No scaling required
Read as block only
Table 6-11: Y phase RMS block
Parameter

Description

Address

Type

PM1200

VA2
W2
VAR2
PF2
V23
V2
A2
F2
Reserved
Intr2

Apparent power, phase 2


Active power, phase 2
Reactive power, phase 2
Power factor, phase 2
Voltage phase 2 to phase 3
Voltage phase 2 to neutral
Current, phase 2
Frequency, Hz
Reserved
Number of interruption

3061
3063
3065
3067
3069
3071
3073
3075
3077
3079

Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Long
Long

B phase RMS Block:


Function Code: 03H Read
Number of registers: 20
No scaling required
Read as block only

60

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 6 Data Communication

Table 6-12: B phase RMS block


Parameter Description

Address

Type

PM1200

VA3
W3
VAR3
PF3
V31
V3
A3
F3
Reserved
Intr3

3091
3093
3095
3097
3099
3101
3103
3105
3107
3109

Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Long
Long

Apparent power, phase 3


Active power, phase 3
Reactive power, phase 3
Power factor, phase 3
Voltage phase 3 to phase 1
Voltage phase 3 to neutral
Current, phase 3
Frequency, Hz
Reserved
Number of interruption

Forward Integrated Block :


Function Code: 03H Read
Number of registers: 20
No scaling required
Read as block only
Table 6-13: Forward integrated block
Parameter

Description

Address

Type

PM1200

FwdVAh
FwdWh
FwdVARh
Reserved
Reserved
FwdVARh
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
FwdRunsecs

Forward apparent energy


Forward active energy
Forward reactive inductive energy
Reserved
Reserved
Forward reactive capacitive energy
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Forward run seconds

3121
3123
3125
3127
3129
3131
3133
3135
3137
3139

Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Long
Long

Reverse Integrated Block:


Function Code: 03H Read
Number of registers: 20
No scaling required
Read as block only
Table 6-14: Reverse integrated block
Parameter
RevVAh
RevWh
RevVARh
Reserved
Reserved
RevVARh
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
RevRunsecs

Description
Reverse apparent energy
Reverse active energy
Reverse reactive inductive energy
Reserved
Reserved
Reverse reactive capacitive energy
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reverse run seconds

Address
3151
3153
3155
3157
3159
3161
3163
3165
3167
3169

Type
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Long
Long

PM1200

Total Integrated Block:


Function Code: 03H Read
Number of registers: 20
No scaling required
Read as block only

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Table 6-15: Total integrated block


Parameter
TotVAh
TotWh
TotVARh
Reserved
Reserved
TotVARh
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
TotRunsecs

Description
Total apparent energy
Total active energy
Total reactive inductive energy
Reserved
Reserved
Total reactive capacitive energy
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Total run seconds

Address
3181
3183
3185
3187
3189
3191
3193
3195
3197
3199

Type
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Long
Long

PM1200

Demand Block:
Function Code: 03H Read
Number of registers: 22
No scaling required
Read as block only
Table 6-16: Demand block
Parameter
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Present demand
Rising demand
Time remaining
Reserved

Description
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Present demand
Rising demand
Time remaining
Reserved

Address
3721
3723
3725
3727
3729
3731
3733
3735
3737
3739
3741

Type
Long
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Long
Float

PM1200

NOTE: The address 3741 is overlapped between the demand and max demand blocks.

Max Demand Block:


Function Code: 03H Read
Number of registers: 36
No scaling required
Read as block only
Table 6-17: Max demand block
Parameter

Description

Address

Type

PM1200

MaxDM
MaxDMTime
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved

Maximum demand
Maximum demand occurrence time
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved

3741
3743
3745
3747
3749
3751
3753
3755
3757
3759
3761
3763
3765
3767
3769
3771
3773
3775

Float
Long
Float
Long
Float
Long
Float
Long
Float
Long
Float
Long
Float
Long
Float
Long
Float
Long

NOTE: The address 3741 is overlapped between the Demand and Max Demand blocks

62

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Chapter 6 Data Communication

Old Forward Integrated Block:


Function Code: 03H Read
Number of registers: 20
No scaling required
Read as block only
Table 6-18: Old forward integrated block
Parameter
OldFwdVAh
OldFwdWh
OldFwdVARh
Reserved
Reserved
OldFwdVARh
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
OldFwdRunsecs

Description
Old forward apparent energy
Old forward active energy
Old forward reactive inductive energy
Reserved
Reserved
Old forward reactive capacitive energy
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Old forward run seconds

Address
3122
3124
3126
3128
3130
3132
3134
3136
3138
3140

Type
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Long
Long

PM1200

Old Reverse Integrated Block:


Function Code: 03H Read
Number of registers: 20
No scaling required
Read as block only
Table 6-19: Old reverse integrated block
Parameter
OldRevVAh
OldRevWh
OldRevVARh
Reserved
Reserved
OldRevVARh
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
OldRevRunsecs

Description
Old reverse apparent energy
Old reverse active energy
Old reverse reactive inductive energy
Reserved
Reserved
Old reverse reactive capacitive energy
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Old reverse run seconds

Address
3152
3154
3156
3158
3160
3162
3164
3166
3168
3170

Type
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Long
Long

PM1200

Old Total Integrated Block:


Function Code: 03H Read
Number of registers: 20
No scaling required
Read as block only
Table 6-20: Old total integrated block
Parameter

Description

Address

Type

PM1200

OldTotVAh
OldTotWh
OldTotVARh
Reserved
Reserved
OldTotVARh
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
OldTotRunsecs

Old total apparent energy


Old total active energy
Old total reactive inductive energy
Reserved
Reserved
Old total reactive capacitive energy
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Old total run seconds

3182
3184
3186
3188
3190
3192
3194
3196
3198
3200

Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Long
Long

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Chapter 6 Data Communication

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Phase Angle Block:


Function Code: 03H Read
Number of registers: 18
No scaling required
Read as block only
Table 6-21: Phase angle block
Parameter

Description

Address

Type

PM1200

Neutral voltage
An
V1
V2
V3
A1
A2
A3
RPM

Neutral voltage
Neutral current
Voltage phase angle, phase 1
Voltage phase angle, phase 2
Voltage phase angle, phase 3
Current phase angle, phase 1
Current phase angle, phase 2
Current phase angle, phase 3
Rotations per minute

3701
3703
3705
3707
3709
3711
3713
3715
3717

Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float

NOTE: The parameters V1, V2, V3 (voltage phase angles) and neutral voltage are available
only through communication.

Setup Block:
Function Code: 03H Read, 10H Write
Number of registers: 40/42
No scaling required
Read and write as block only
Table 6-22: Setup block
Parameter

Description

Address

Type

Range

PM1200

1.0 to 99 k

Default
value
100.0

A.Pri

Current primary

0101

Float

A.Sec

Current
secondary
Voltage primary

0103

Float

1.0 to 6.5

5.000

0105

Float

100.0 to 999
k

415.0

V.Sec

Voltage
secondary

0107

Float

50.00 to
601.0

415.0

SYS

System
Configuration

0109

Float

3.000

LABL

Phase Labeling

0111

Float

0.000

VA Fn

VA Function
selection

0113

Float

0.000

D sel

Demand
Selection

0115

Float

0.000

D Par

Demand
parameter

0117

Float

0.000

D Prd

Demand period

0119

Float

2.0 to 6.0
2.0 Delta
3.0 Star
4.0 Wye
5.0 2 Ph
6.0 1 Ph
0.0 to 4.0
0.0 123
1.0 ABC
2.0 RST
3.0 PQR
4.0 RYB
0.0 to 1.0
0.0 3D
1.0 Arth
0.0 to 1.0
0.0 Auto
1.0 User
0.0 to 2.0
0.0 VA
1.0 W
2.0 A
1.0 to 6.0
1.0 5 Min
2.0 10 Min
3.0 15 Min
4.0 20 Min

3.000

V.Pri

64

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 6 Data Communication

Parameter

Description

Address

Type

BAUD

Baud rate

0121

Float

PRTY

Parity and stop


bit

0123

Float

ID
F.S%
OFLO

Unit ID
% Full scale
Overflow
parameter
selection: Wh
(Integrator reset
based on either
Wh or Run
hours whichever
reach max
value), VAh
(Integrator reset
based on either
VAh or Run
hours whichever
reach max
value); INTG
Clears when
9999 Run hours
(almost 13.88
months)

0125
0127
0129

Float
Float
Float

0131

Float

0133
0135
0137
0139
0141

Float
Float
Float
Float
Float

Range
5.0 25 Min
6.0 30 Min
3.0 to 5.0
3.0 4800
4.0 9600
5.0 19200
0.0 to 5.0
0.0 Even 1
1.0 Even 2
2.0 Odd 1
3.0 Odd 2
4.0 No 1
5.0 No 2
1.0 to 247.0
1 to 100
0.0 to 3.0
0.0 Wh
1.0 VAh
2.0 Wh E
3.0 VAh E

Default
value

PM1200

5.000

0.000

1.000
100.0
2.000

2.000

1000
2.0
4126
0.0
2.0

Wh E (Integrator
reset based on
only Wh
overflow)

POLE

PWD
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
F.SEQ

VAh E
(Integrator reset
based on only
VAh overflow)
Number of poles
for RPM

Password
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Float byte
sequences

1.0 to 8.0
1.0 2
2.0 4
3.0 6
4.0 8
5.0 10
6.0 12
7.0 14
8.0 16
1000
1.0 to 2.0
1.0 4321
2.0 2143

NOTE: For efficient setup, read the setup parameters first and then edit the required setup
parameter value.

Clear Block:
Function Code: 10H Write
Number of registers: 2
No scaling required
Write as block only

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Table 6-23: Clear block


Parameter

Description

CLR_INTG_DMD INTG and demand


_SETDEFAULT clearing and setting up
the setup default

Address

Type

Range

PM1200

0311

Long

1 - INTG and
MD Clear
2 - MD Clear
256 - Setup
default

NOTE: For setup default, the power meter will send an exception for values other than 256.

Model Info Block:


Function Code: 03H Read
Number of registers: 14
No scaling required
Read as block only
Table 6-24: Model Info Block
Parameter

Description

Address

Type

Range

PM1200

Reserved
Reserved
Model Version

Reserved
Reserved
Model, Options and
version numbers

0081
0083
0085

Long
Long
Long

Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved

Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved

0087
0089
0091
0093

Long
Long
Long
Long

Bits 30 to 24 for
model number;
Bits 23 to 16 for
options
Bits 15 to 0 for
version number
E.g., PM1200
model no is 22
-

Model Register Details


This section explains about the model register and helps you to understand
the model number, version number, and options.
The following figure explains how the bits are organized in the model
register.
Figure 6-4: Bits in model register
MSB

LSB

31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9

30 24
Model No

23 16
Options

5 4 3 2 1 0

15 0
Version No

Meter Model and Number: The following table bitwise explanation for
Meter model and number.
Table 6-25: Meter model and number

66

Meter Model

Model Number 5A
Meter

Option bit wise

PM1200

22(0x16)

PM1000

24(0x18)

2013 Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 6 Data Communication

Model options description: The following table gives the model options
bitwise description.
Table 6-26: Model options description
Bit23

Bit22

Bit21

Bit20

Bit19

Bit18

Bit17

Bit16

Remarks

No options available

Imp/Exp option
available

DM option available

Imp/Exp and DM
option available

THD option available

Imp/Exp and THD


available

DM and THD available

Imp/exp, DM and THD


available

Interpretation of firmware version number: The following steps clearly


explain how to interpret the firmware (FW) version number.
1. Convert the hexadecimal values both MSB and LSB into decimal values.
2. Apply the formula ((MSB*256) +LSB).
3. The resulting value will be 30400 for the hexadecimal value 0x76 0xC0.
4. Insert a 0 before the result and parse it from the right with two digits each.
5. The result will be the FW version = 03.05.01.
Table 6-27: Firmware version interpretation

Hexadecimal
Decimal

MSB
0x76
118

VALUE=((MSB*256)+LSB)

30400

FW Version

03.05.01

LSB
0xC0
192

NOTE: Firmware version representation only. To determine your power meters present
firmware version, refer the diagnostic page in the power meter. See PM1000 series power
meter menu hierarchy, on page 31 to navigate through the diagnostic page.
NOTE:
Most of the reserved and unavailable parameters return zero value.
The SCADA software must support register blocks consisting of different data types (integers
and floats) to transfer of the whole block.
Each Modbus register size is 16 bits. All PM1200 readings are 32 bits. Therefore, each
PM1200 reading occupies two consecutive Modbus registers. For example, VA parameter
absolute address is 3901. It occupies both 3901 and 3902 Modbus registers.
Address configuration: All addresses are in decimal. Some SCADA software supports
Modbus register address instead of absolute register address. In this case add 40000 to the
above address and use it. For example, VA parameter absolute address is 3901. Modbus
address can be 43901 (40000+3901).
Phase Angle Block: Voltage phase angles (0,120,240) are hard coded (not measured).
Hence, these values are also available in communication in the absence of input signals;
however, these voltage phase angles are not available in the power meter display.
TURBO, and Percentage of Load Blocks: These parameters can be read individually or as a
block
TURBO block: 50 parameters maximum
Percentage of Load block: 5 parameters maximum
All power meters addresses should be set between 1 and 247.
All power meters should have uniform communication settings like Baud rate, parity and stop
bit.
Use Diagnostic mode display in the power meter to analyze the problem in communication.
Error: u Invalid unit ID
A Invalid Address
c CRC error (cyclic redundancy checking)

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Chapter 6 Data Communication

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t Transmitting
r Receiving
F Invalid function code
o Parity, framing or overrun error
O Buffer overflow

68

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 7 Maintenance and Troubleshooting

Chapter 7: Maintenance and Troubleshooting


Introduction
This chapter describes information related to maintenance of your power
meter.
The power meter does not contain any user-serviceable parts. If the power
meter requires service, contact your local sales representative. Do not open
the power meter. Opening the power meter voids the warranty.

HAZARD OF EQUIPMENT DAMAGE

Do not perform a Dielectric (Hi-Pot) or Megger test on the power meter,


test voltages may damage the power meter.
Before performing Hi-Pot or Megger testing on any equipment in which the
power meter is installed, disconnect all input and output wires to the power
meter.
Failure to follow these instructions will result in equipment damage.

2013 Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 7 Maintenance and Troubleshooting

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Troubleshooting
The information in Table 71 describes potential problems and their possible
causes. It also includes possible checks to perform or solutions to the
problems. After referring to this table, if you cannot resolve the problem,
contact your local Schneider Electric sales representative for assistance.

DANGER

HAZARD OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, EXPLOSION, OR ARC FLASH


Apply appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) and follow safe
electrical practices. For example, in the United States, see NFPA 70E.
This equipment must be installed and serviced only by qualified personnel.
Turn off all power supplying this equipment before working on or inside.
Always use a properly rated voltage sensing device to confirm that all
power is off.
Carefully inspect the work area for tools and objects that may have been
left inside the equipment.
Use caution while removing or installing panels so that they do not extend
into the energized bus; avoid handling the panels, which could cause
personal injury.
Failure to follow these instructions will result in death or serious
injury.
Table 7-1: Trouble shooting
Potential Problem

Possible Causes

Possible Solution

The data being displayed is


inaccurate or not what you
expect

Incorrect setup values

Check that the correct values have


been entered for power meter
setup parameters (CT and PT
ratings, system type, and so on).
See Setup Menu on page 19 for
setup instructions.
Use instrument class 1 or better
CTs/PTs, which will have better
accuracy than the protection class
CTs/PTs.
Check whether all the PTs and
CTs are connected properly
(proper polarity is observed) and
that they are energized. Check
shorting terminals. See
Connection Diagrams on page
46 for more information.
Check and correct the CT
connections.
1. Check the mode. If the mode is
in import, s1 s2 need to be
interchanged in one or two or
in all the three phases. Under
this condition, the energy will
update in INTG Rev.
2. Check the mode. If it is in
export, then the energy will
update in INTG Rev.
Interrupt the power supply or
reduce the voltage or temperature
within the limit.
Check whether a fuse with rating
of 0.25 A is connected on each
voltage input. If not connect the
0.25 A rated fuse to the voltage
input.

Usage of protection
class (10P10 etc.)
CTs/PTs
Improper wiring

Active Power (W) reading is


negative

CT may be reversed
Power may
export mode

The display went blank


suddenly

be

Over
voltage/temperature
Fuse connection

70

in

2013 Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 7 Maintenance and Troubleshooting

Potential Problem

Possible Causes

Possible Solution

The power meter stopped


communication abruptly

Communications lines
are improperly
connected

Verify the power meter


communications connections. See
Chapter 6 Data communication
on page 51 for more information.
Interrupt the power supply or
reduce the voltage or temperature
within the allowable limits.
Select the full scale load
percentage setting as per your
circuit.
Provide sufficient space all around
the power meter. Separate the
power meter from other equipment
for cooling air.

Over
voltage/temperature
Wrong Load bar indication

Incorrect F.S%
selection

The power meter is over


heated

Lack of sufficient air for


cooling

2013 Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Chapter 7 Maintenance and Troubleshooting

72

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2013 Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Appendix A Technical Data

Appendix A Technical Data


Accuracy
Table A-1: Accuracy
Measurement

Accuracy % of Reading*
Class 1.0

Voltage LN per phase and average

0.5

Voltage LL per phase and average

0.5

Amp per phase and average

0.5

Amp, phase angle per phase

Frequency

0.1

Total Active power, (kW)

1.0

Total Reactive power, (kVAR)

2.0

Total Apparent power, (kVA)

1.0

Active energy (kWh) Import/Export

1.0

Reactive energy (kVARh) (Inductive / Capacitive)

2.0

Apparent energy ( kVAh)

1.0

RPM

1.0

NOTE:
Additional error of 0.05 % of full scale for input current below 100 mA.
PF error limit is same as W error limit in %.
*In Delta mode configuration the accuracy will be 1.0% of reading.

Auxiliary supply (Control power)


The power meter needs a single-phase AC or DC control supply to power its
internal electronics.
Range: 44 to 277 Vac/dc.
Burden (load): 3 VA max on Auxiliary supply.

Front Panel Display


Brilliant three lines four digit (digit height 14.2 mm/0.56 in.) per line, high
readability alpha numeric LED display with auto scaling capability for Kilo,
Mega, Giga.
The display provides the user access to all phase voltages (phase to
neutral and phase to phase), currents (per phase and average), Watts,
VARs, VA, power factor, frequency, kWh, kVAh, and kVARh.
The power meters display average volts, amps, and frequency
simultaneously.
Load bar graph for the indication of consumption in terms of % amperes
total.
Set of four red LEDs in the load bar start blinking when the load is greater
than 120%, to indicate overload.
Easy setup through keys located on the faceplate for common
configuration parameters.
Password protection for setup parameters.
User-selectable default display page through keypad lock.

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Appendix A Technical Data

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Installation and Input Ratings


Auto-ranging voltage inputs should allow direct connection up to 277
VLN/480VLL AC systems, no PTs (VTs) required up to 480 VLL phase to
phase).
Supports the following configurations (field configurable):
Direct 4-wire Wye (Star); 3-wire Wye (Star); 3-wire Delta; 2-phase 3-wire
(2-phase); and single-phase.
3-phase voltage, and current inputs
Volts : 46 to 277 Vac phase-neutral, 80 to 480 Vac phase-phase,
Overload: Continuous 480 VLL with full accuracy, 750 VLL Max, Hz. 50 /
60
Amps: 50 mA to 6 A, Overload: 10 A continuous, 50 A for three seconds
User programmable for 5 A or 1 A secondary CTs
Burden (Load): Less than 0.2 VA per Volt / Ampere input
Frequency (Both input and auxiliary): 50 / 60 Hz, 45 to 65 Hz

Environmental Conditions
Sealed dust- proof construction. Meets IP51 for the front panel and IP40
for rear panel.
Operating temperature: -10 C to 60 C , (14 F to 140 F)
Storage temperature: -25 C to 70 C, (-13 F to 158 F)
Humidity: 5% to 95%, non-condensing

Construction
Self-extinguishable V0 plastic, double insulation at accessible areas.
Pollution Degree II.
Measurements Category III.

Dimensions and Shipping


Basic unit installed depth 83 mm (3.26 in.) with 92 x 92 mm (3.62 x 3.62
in.) panel cutout, flush mount.
Bezels dimension 96 x 96 mm (3.78 x 3.78 in.). Panel Cut-out 92x92 mm
(3.62 x 3.62 in.).
Weight 400 gms (0.9 lb) approx unpacked, 500 gms (1.1 lb) approx
shipping. See Mechanical Installation on page 37 for more information.

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Appendix B: SIM Mode

Appendix B: SIM (simulation) Mode


The PM1000 series power meters are provided with SIM mode for demo
and exhibition display, where the user can see the functioning of the power
meter without any input signals. The power meter will show a fixed voltage,
current, frequency, and 0.5PF. Power and energy parameters are calculated
based on the V, A, and PF displayed.
To Enter SIM mode
Keep the
pressed, while powering up the power meter. The display
shows RUN.
Press

. The display shows SIM.

Press
. The display shows RMS SIM. You have successfully entered
the SIM mode of the power meters.
To Exit from SIM mode
Press and hold the

2013 Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.

, until you reach the RMS page.

Press

. The display shows SIM.

Press

. The display shows RUN.

Press

. The display shows RMS indicating the exit from SIM mode

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Appendix B: SIM Mode

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Appendix C: Glossary

Appendix C: Glossary
Terms
Auto (sliding block): An interval selected from 5 to 30 minutes. The power
meter calculates and updates the demand every 15 seconds.
Baud rate: Specifies how fast data is transmitted across a serial network
port.
Communications link: A chain of devices connected by a communications
cable to a communications port.
Current Transformer (CT): Current transformers for current inputs.
Demand: Average value of a quantity, such as power, over a specified
interval of time.
Firmware: Operating system within the power meter.
Float: A 32-bit floating point value returned by a register (See Data
Address on page 58 for more information).
Forward: Importing the power into the plant/grid.
Frequency: Number of cycles in one second.
Line-to-line voltages: Measurement of the RMS line-to-line voltages of the
circuit.
Line-to-neutral voltages: Measurement of the RMS line-to-neutral voltages
of the circuit.
LOCK: Default display page lock (See Default display (View) page on page
12 for more information).
Long: A 32-bit value returned by a register (See Data Address on page 58
for more information).
Maximum demand: Highest average load during a specific time interval.
Nominal: Typical or average.
Parity: Refers to binary numbers sent over the communications link. An extra
bit is added so that the number of ones in the binary number is either even or
odd, depending on your configuration. It is used to detect errors in the
transmission of data.
Power factor: True power factor is the ratio of real power to apparent power
using the complete harmonic content of real and apparent power.
Reverse: Exporting the power from the plant/grid.
RMS: Root mean square. The power meters are true RMS sensing devices.
Run mode: This is the normal operating mode of the power meter, where
the readings are taken.
Total Harmonic Distortion (THD): Indicates the degree to which the
voltage or current signal is distorted in a circuit.
ULOC: Default display page unlock (See Default display (View) page on
page 12 for more information).

2013 Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Appendix C: Glossary

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User (fixed block): An interval selected between 5 to 30 minutes. The


power meter calculates and updates the demand at the end of each interval.

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Appendix C Glossary

Abbreviations

2013 Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.

%A FS

% Amperes full scale

A, Amps

Amperes

An

Neutral current

A.PRI

Current primary winding

A.SEC

Current secondary winding

Avg

Average

CLR

Clear

CT

Current transformer

Dia, DIAG

Diagnostic

ft

Feet/foot

F.Seq

Float Byte Sequence

FW

Firmware

FWD

Forward

Hz

Hertz

ID

Identity

in.

Inch

INTG

Integrator

IP

Ingress protection

kVAh

Kilo volt-ampere hour

kVARh

Kilo volt-ampere reactive hour

kWh

Kilo watt hour

LSB

Least significant bit

MD

Maximum demand

Min

Minimum

ms

Milliseconds

MSB

Most significant bit

O.F

Overflow

PF

Power factor

PT

Potential transformer

R.d

Rising demand

Rev

Reverse

RPM

Revolution per minute

SYS

System configuration

THD

Total harmonic distortion

ULOC

Unlock

Unb

Unbalance

Voltage

VA

Apparent power

VAh

Apparent energy

VAR

Reactive power

VARh

Reactive energy (inductive)

-VARh

Reactive energy (capacitive)

V.PRI

Voltage primary winding

V.SEC

Voltage secondary winding

VT

Voltage transformer

Active power

Wh

Active energy

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PM1000 Series Power Meter


Appendix C: Glossary

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Index

INDEX
AC Power Measurement
3D kVA Measurement, 36
Consumption and Poor PF, 36
3-phase systems, 35
Auto-scroll
Within page group, column of pages and
TURBO pages, 12
Block parameter address
Clear block, 65
Forward Integrated block, Reverse Integrated
block, 61
Max Demand block, OLD Forward Integrated
block, 62
Model Info block, 66
OLD Reverse Integrated block, OLD Total
Integrated block, 63
Phase angle block, SETUP block, 64
Total Integrated block, Demand block, 62
Total RMS block, R phase RMS block, 60
Y Phase RMS block, 60
Clear
INTG, 26
Communication Test, 56
Connections
Connection diagram symbols, 46
Delta connection, 47
Fuse recommendations, 43
Open delta connection, 48
Single phase connection, 48
2-phase connection, 48
WYE/Star connection, 47

LED display, Load bar, 8


INTR, 28
Keys
Left, Right, Up, Down keys, 10
Operation, 11
Maintenance and troubleshooting, 69
Mechanical Installation, 37
Panel considerations and Environment, 38
on.h, 28
Parameters with PM1000 series power meter,14
PM1000 Series Menu hierarchy, 31
Setup Menu
List of setup parameters in View and Edit
modes, 23
Quick setup - While powering on, 19
Setup entry in View mode, 21
Setup entry in Edit mode, 21
Editing setup parameters, 24
Rear Panel, 13
Safety
Precautions,17
Symbols, 3
SIM (simulation) mode, 75
Technical specifications, 16
Terminal connection using lugs
Terminal connection using U and ring lugs, 41
TURBO Key, 10

Data Address
Block parameter address, 59
Individual parameter address, 58
Data communication, 51
Daisy-chaining devices to the power meter, 53
Data formats and settings,54
Default display (View) page
Display lock and unlock, 12
Demand Power Calculation Methods
Auto - Sliding block, User - Fixed block, 30
Electrical installation, 40
Energy Integrator
Integrator overflow, OLD data register, 28
Front panel
Kilo, Mega, Giga and negative indicators, 9

2013 Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.

81

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trademarks of Schneider Electric.

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Contact your local Schneider Electric sales
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Electrical equipment should be installed, operated, serviced, and maintained


only by qualified personnel. No responsibility is assumed by Schneider Electric
for any consequences arising out of the use of this material.
2013 Schneider Electric All Rights Reserved.
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