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DJUSTMENT BOOKLET

JULIUS

B.

RICHMOND,

M.D,

Do
About your

Do

you ever worry about your health?


teeth,

your eyes, the way you grow?

you wish you knew more about keeping healthy,


and what you can do to improve your health?

This booklet answers some of the


boys and

girls

many

have about

Your Health Handbook

is

questions

their health.

part of the series

of SRAs Junior Life Adjustment Booklets


for boys

and

girls.

These booklets are written to help you with your problems.

LIFE

ADJUSTMENT BOOKLET

Your
health

handbook
by JULIUS

B.

RICHMOND,

M.D.

Professor of Pediatrics
University of Illinois

Sketches by

JEANNE doern

The author wishes to thank Mildred Hark and Noel McQueen,


books and plays, for their invaluable help in the preparation of

authors of children's
booklet.

this

SCIENCE RESEARCH ASSOCIATES, INC.


57

West Grand Avenue, Chicago

10,

Illinois

Copyright 1953 by Science Research Associates, Inc. All rights reserved.


Copyright under the International Copyright Union. Printed in U.S.A.

The

contents of this booklet

ITS

FUN TO BE HEALTHY
It

A long

pays to check up

WHAT MAKES YOU

TICK?

page

page

life

wonderful machine What are you made of? The


organs and glands in your body
Your brain and nervous
system

WE EAT FOR HEALTH


Food

page 16

growth and repair Food for heat and energy


Calories
Minerals Vitamins
Planning balanced meals

EXERCISE

for

AND

REST

page 25

Muscles must work Practice makes perfect Whats


your game?
Rest and relax Keep that "bounce

EVERYDAY HEALTH QUESTIONS

Am I growing
What
What
What

"MIRACLE
The

about

as I

my

feet?

if

if I

page 29

glasses?

really causes tooth

colds?

do get sick?

MEN AND MEDICINES


battle for health

Preventing and curing


Wonder drugs Health

Polio and tuberculosis

day

What about my pimples?


wonder
need
decay? What about

should?

page 36

diseases
for every

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RESEARCH

SCIENCE

57 W. Grand Ave., Chicago 10,

III.

ASSOCIATES
WHitehall 4-7552

Elaine Schuetz, Assistant


to Information Director
F Ok TCU?- REVIEW

TITLE:

Your Health Handbook (Junior Life Adjustment Booklet Series)


by Julius B. Richmond, K.D.

SUBJECT:

"Health," to many children, means eating foods they hate, going to

bed when they'd rather stay up, and wasting time to "Dress warm"
they're in a hurry to get outside.
diseases

i;hen

They worry about accidents or

about what might go wrong

but are often impatient of

the things they should do to keep their good health.


Parents and teachers often lose their own patience trying to

teach concern for proper health habits.

As an aid to the patience of

adults, as a remedy for the impatience of children,, "You:: Health

Handbook" will serve well.

Written for youngsters, It will give them

a knowledge of body functions and serve as a stimulant to acquire

proper health habits.

ABOUT THE
AUTHOR:

Julius B. Richmond, H.D., is Professor of Pediatrics at the University


of Illinois.

PRICES:

40 each; special quantity discounts.

PUBLISHER:

C cience

Research Associates, 57 West Grand Avenue, Chicago 10 , Illinois

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oq
to

to be healthy

JLhe

doctor had taken Kennys blood pressure and listened to

his heart

and tapped

his chest

and back.

Now he put a thin paddle-

shaped piece of wood into Kennys mouth. "Say ahh, he

said.

"Ahh-h, said Kenny.

The doctor took the paddle out. "Youll do, he said.


"You mean Im O.K.? Kenny asked.
"Fit as a fiddle, replied the doctor. Then he turned to Kennys
mother who had been watching. "A fine healthy boy youve got,
Mrs. Foster.
"See,

Mom?

said

Kenny, grinning.

"I said this

was

all

waste of time.

"Waste of time, eh? The doctor smiled. "Listen, young man,


werent you telling me you hit a home run yesterday afternoon?
"Sure, replied Kenny. "Thats one reason I know Im all right.
Sick people dont hit

home

"Well, said the doctor,

runs.

"my

car started all right yesterday, but

this

morning

checked,

it

wouldnt

start at all.

If Id

stopped to have

it

wouldnt have been in trouble. The battery was

run down.

"But that was your car , said Kenny.


to

"I dont

have a battery

run down.

About your body and


Kenny never stopped

cars

some ways his body is


something like an automobile. Of course it has more parts than an
automobile. But your body, like a car, needs care and attention
if it is to go on working properly. When Kenny hit his home
run, all he saw was the ball going over the fence. But it took good
to think that in

bones and strong muscles to swing that

Take good care

of

bat.

your body. You cant replace

As Kenny and

its

worn-out

parts.

mother left the doctors office, the doctor


said, "Im glad you brought Kenny in for his regular check-up,
Mrs. Foster. Hes a fine, healthy boy, and we want to be sure he
stays that

way.

his

It

Even

pays to check up

if

youre feeling fine and healthy,

have a check-up with your doctor


applies to everyone

babies, boys

at least

and

But many people dont follow

its

a sensible idea to

once every year. This

girls,

grown

this advice.

In

people.
fact,

lots of

people take better care of their automobiles than they do of their


bodies.
all

They

will stop often at a garage to have a

about cars check the

oil in the

motor, the

man who knows


air in

the

tires,

the brakes. But they wont bother to go to a doctor for a medical

And some

check-up.

dont always bother to follow common-sense

health rules every day.

Yet,

if

you have the money, you can always buy a new

car.

But you can never get a new body. Your body will change and

grow and develop, but


as

long

as

you

youre going to use the body you have

now

live.

long

life

And thats likely to be a long, long time. People live longer


now in our country than in any country at any time in history.
Thats because of the wonderful discoveries that doctors and men
of science have

made

to help

keep us healthy. Most boys and

today have a very good chance of living to a good old age

girls

to 65,

75, or more.
If

Kenny

Foster keeps

on having check-ups and takes good care

of himself, he should live well into the year 2000. So will you.

By

that time

many

exciting things will have happened.

We

may

be heating our houses with atomic energy. Rocket ships and space
ships

may make

Life in the future

fun than

it is

todays airplanes
is

seem

like

slow freight

trains.

going to be even more interesting and more

now.

In this booklet youre going to learn some of the things you

can do to stay well and healthy. Youll learn

and about the importance of food and


answers to some of your

own

how your body works,


And youll get

exercise.

everyday health questions.


5

What makes
you
W.,

are they doing? asked

Mary

Scott.

tick?

And

she

close as she dared to the edge of the big hole in the

moved

as

middle of

the street.

"Fixing a leaky pipe,

suppose, said Kenny, peering

into the hole, too. "Theyre trying to

pump

out

all that

down

water so

work there. A long hose was attached to a huge motordriven pump. A steady little stream of muddy water was being
pumped up.
Mary pointed to the pump. "Ill bet that pumps out a million
they can

gallons a minute, she said.

"Aw, it couldnt pump that much, said Kenny. "No pump


Then he added, "But thats a pretty good machine.

could.

A wonderful machine
Pumps
more

are

good machines. And there are many machines


more complicated, and more wonderful than

interesting,

pumps. But there is no machine man ever made that can compare
to the machine that is your body. Your body has more complicated
parts than the most complicated machine ever made.

No
(

Some

make
made mechanical men, but

inventor or engineer could ever


inventors have

even walk or move unless a real

them

human body.
men wont

pushes the buttons and

starts

off.)

Lets

in

man

these

look at some of the

many wonderful

parts

and organs

your body. Your eyes work like a camera. They picture every-

thing they

see,

more

camera can. Your

perfectly

and cleverly than the most expensive


your body and making

skin, besides covering

you look presentable, works


pores or openings.

Your

like

an air-conditioner because of

voice box or larynx

strument. But no musical instrument can

sounds that you make

when you

is

its

like a musical in-

make

all

the different

talk.

Your muscles
are like hinges.

are like springs, and your bones have joints that


These work better than the parts in any machine

fact, inventors have tried to copy these springs and


But they have never been able to make any quite as perfect.

ever made. In
hinges.

Hundreds of
Suppose for a

moment

parts
that

you could keep spare parts of your

body on hand. There would be so many of them that a cabinet


big enough to hold them would take up one whole wall of your
room. There would be 209 bones, all shapes and sizes. There
would be over 400 muscles and many sets of nerves. Then there
would be all of your different organs your brain, lungs, heart,

stomach, two kidneys, delicate glands.

When

you needed

to replace a part,

just the right place to

put

it.

Its

you would have to know

surprising

how many

people

seem to know where the different parts of their bodies are


located. Did you ever see someone point to his heart on the left

dont

side of his chest?

and only a

little

people think

The

heart

to the left.

it is

at all.

is

And

really in the

middle of the chest

your stomach.

Your stomach

is

It isnt

where most

really located just

the waistline.

above

DO YOU KNOW YOUR IMPORTANT BODY ORGANS?

Large
intestine

Gall

bladder
.

This figure shows where your important


organs are located. Each organ is also shown

the cabinet above. Identify each organ

in

by writing
list

:8

4 ..
5

9 ._
I0._

name

the correct spot

in

the

below. For the answers turn to page

15.

its

in

Right now, using the chart on the opposite page, see how
of your important organs you can identify. For the right
answers, turn to page 15

many

What

are

you made of?

not only important to

Its

know where some of your


know what they do.

organs

even more important to

are. It's

All the parts of your body, from your bones out to your skin,
are

cells. Bones are made of bone cells and


There are nerve cells, blood cells, and skin
you could see your cells under a microscope, they would

made up

of millions of

muscles of muscle
cells. If

cells.

look like very tiny building blocks

made

of a jelly-like substance.

Most of your cells are live cells. If you bruise them or cut
them, your body must repair them.
But did you ever wonder why it is that you can cut your hair
or fingernails without feeling

not

made

of live

are alive. It

is

cells.

At

it?

Thats because hair and nails are

the roots of your hair and nails, the cells

these cells that

make

the actual hair or nail.

make up the parts of your


body are continually growing and expanding. One cell divides
into two and so makes more of its kind. As your body needs them,
The

new

these
for

millions of live cells that

cells

make

it

possible for you to

grow and develop and

worn-out parts to be repaired or replaced.

Inside and out


Your bones
framework

many

are very important.

for your body,

They make a supporting

and they protect and hold in place your

delicate organs.

Attached to your bones are your muscles. If you could see


them, they would look like pieces of red meat. Your muscles are
elastic.

They

your muscles
skin,

stretch
is

and contract

like

which protects your whole body.

Carefully arranged in your body are

And

rubber bands. Covering

a layer of fat and then, of course, comes your

running through

blood

all

many wonderful

organs.

your parts are thousands of nerves and

vessels.

Now

lets

see

how some

of these organs and parts work.

Your
Your

heart and lungs

heart and lungs

work together

to see that the

whole

body keeps going. Blood pumped from your heart through a pipeline of arteries carries and distributes food and oxygen to the cells
throughout your body. By the time the blood has done its work, it
has given up most of

its

food and oxygen and returns to the heart

through a pipeline of veins. Because


is

dark in color. Thats

why your

it

now

has less oxygen,

it

veins look blue.

you breathe. Then the heart pumps


the blood which has returned through the veins into the lungs
where it picks up fresh oxygen. The blood flows back to the heart,
ready to be pumped out all over again on its trip around the body.

Oxygen

enters the lungs as

THE PATH OF THE BLOOD

THROUGH THE HEART AND LUNGS

The blood travels from the heart (I) to the lungs through large vessels
(arteries) (2) which divide into smaller vessels (3) in the lungs where the
blood picks up oxygen. The blood then returns (4) to the left side of
the heart and is pumped from there to all parts of the body (5), finally
returning

(6)

10

to the heart to begin the process

all

over again.

Organs help you


The organs

eat

and digest food


you eat are very immouth as soon as

that take care of the food

portant. Salivary glands start to work in the

you take a bite to eat. The teeth break up the food. The salivary
glands, which are on either side of the mouth, give out juices which
when mixed with the food help to digest it. You probably have

lumpy when you put

seen sugar that was hard and

But

cereal for breakfast.

sugar,

soon

as

broke up. The salivary

it

way on

as

all

When

you poured a

juices

work

in

you swallow your food,

it

goes into the esophagus

The stomach

the food into a pulp and pushes

it

up by the blood stream which


it is

But while
act.

squeezes and churns

along the small intestine. Then

where

the food goes through the sides of the intestine

begins to

on your

the things you eat.

tube leading to the stomach.

wherever

it

milk on the
much that same

little

it is

picked

food through the body

carries the

needed.
this process

is

going on, another group of organs

During the time food

in the

is

stomach and the

small intestine, the pancreas, gall bladder, and liver go to work.

The pancreas and


juices that

the gall bladder, as well as the stomach, supply

help digest your food.

When

acid or fatty foods arrive

in the small intestine, your gall bladder sends bile to help in their

The

digestion.

gall bladder

bile

is

(which

manufactured by the

is

liver

attached to the liver).

up sugar and regulates how much of

it is

and stored

The

fed to the blood stream.

Organs help the body remove


When

all

its

wastes

the nourishment has been taken out of the food,

your body must get rid of the waste. This


Solid wastes are pushed
intestine

in the

liver also stores

from the small

is

done

in

two ways.

intestine into the large

and from there are passed out of your body through

the bowels.

Most liquid wastes are removed from the blood by your kidneys
(two bean-shaped organs resting a little above and behind your
stomach) with some help from the liver. Some liquid waste, however,

comes out of the body through the pores of your

skin.

11

This

intes-

His kidneys take

tine receives sol-

waste liquid from


the blood stream.

His
id

large

waste from the

small

intestine.

12

is

The waste

perspiration.

urine.

And

it

is

liquid

removed by the kidneys

stored in your bladder until

it

is

is

called

ready to be

passed out of the body.

What do

glands do?

Several other organs are important to the

They

life

of your body.

which supply chemical substances called hormones. Hormones are of many kinds and help to keep the body
are glands

in order.

For instance, the thyroid gland which


,

part of your neck,

makes a hormone

mone regulates the activity


too much of this hormone,
and nervous.

If

it

seems sluggish or

The

is

located in the front

called thyroxine. This hor-

makes
a person becomes too active and jumpy
makes too little, he slows down too much and
of the body. If the thyroid gland

lazy.

which

pituitary gland,

is

located at the base of your brain,


regulates

how

you were

to get too

fast

you grow.

much

If

of the

hormone

from your pituitary


would grow so fast
that you would become a giant.
If you were to get too little of
the hormone, your growth would
soon slow down and you might
end up being very short. But this
gland, you

is

very,

very rare. Usually the


that

we

amount

at

pituitary gland sees to

grow

just

the right

it

the right time.

the

The pituitary also


work of several of

glands. For that reason

regulates

the other
it is

some-

times called the master gland of


the body.

You have two adrenal glands,


one on top of each kidney. From there they send out

their hor-

13

mones. One of these

when

a person

is

is

called adrenalin. This substance

produced

upset or frightened and needs extra energy.

The pancreas which


portant hormone.

is

It

helps with digestion, also makes an im-

makes

insulin

which helps control the amount

of sugar in your bloodstream.

Your

brain and nervous system


The
tem

brain and nervous sys-

direct all the other parts of

Your body wouldnt


Your legs
be directed when to walk.

the body.

function without them.

need to

Your heart is regulated by nerves


in pumping blood through your
blood

vessels.

Your nervous system starts


and the main lines

in the brain

From

spinal cord.

down your

system run

of this

other

of

series

there,

brain to
is

parts of the body.

all

two-way system, both

Through

receiving and sending.

one

flashes

your

nerves

of

set

they

from your

carry messages to and

This

through

nerves,

messages

to

brain

your

legs,

your arms, or your fingers; and


they do as the messages

Through

tell

them.

another set of nerves,

messages are sent from your


gertips

body

or

they are feeling.

ears
tells

14

what
In the same way

to your brain to tell

your eyes

tell

what they

what they
what

fin-

other parts of your

it

hear.

tastes

it

see,

your

Your tongue

and your nose

what

it

smells.

These two

sets of

nerves

make up your

central

nervous system.

Then

there

your autonomic (auto-nom'-ik) nervous system.

is

This set of nerves works automatically. Through these nerves,

your brain controls the organs of your body without your having
to think

about

it.

The

brain keeps sending messages day and night.

These messages tell your lungs to keep on breathing, your heart


to keep on pumping, and all the other organs in your body to
keep on working.

All in order

Now
you

tick, its

body

you

that

in

good

you have looked

kidneys;

8,

its

order. All the parts of your

to be healthy, all

brain; 2,

why

and have seen what makes

important to keep your


body work together. For
the parts of your body must be healthy.

easy to understand

Answers to the chart on page


I,

inside

lungs;

3,

8:

hear!; 4,

liver;

5,

gall

large intestine; 9, small intestine;

bladder; 6, stomach;
bladder.

10,

15

7,

We

eat

for health

V^/ne

Saturday Kennys Uncle Herbert asked

like to take

on me,

some of

said

his friends

downtown

him

for lunch.

if

he would

"The

treats

Uncle Herbert.

"Fine, said Kenny, and he invited three of his friends to go


along.

They went

to the

Main

Street Cafeteria.

There were long counters

filled

with delicious meats and

steaming hot soups. There were vegetables in square white pans,

and

all

made the counter look


Then came the salads and hot

the different colors

bright checkerboard.

like a big

breads and

and fancy cakes and pies for dessert.


"How will we ever know what to pick? asked Linda.
"Anything you like, said Uncle Herbert, as he handed trays

rolls,

and

last

to the boys

Here

of

and

all, fruits

girls.

"And

are the meals the boys

think of their selections?

lunch?

dont forget, the skys the limit.

and

Which one

girls chose.

What do you

chose the most healthful

Kenny's Lunch

Mary's Lunch

Pork chops

Meat

Vegetable
soup

Mashed

Macaroni and

potatoes

Dave's Lunch
loaf

Baked
potatoes

Linda's Lunch
'

Wieners

French fried
potatoes

cheese

Sweet roll
and butter

Green beans

Raw
Cheese sand-

Pickles

olives

Lettuce
salad

Corn bread
and butter

carrot

sticks

wich

and

Escalloped

tomatoes

Whole wheat
Chocolate

bread and

Bread and

Butterscotch

cake

butter

butter

pie

Cookies

Fruit jello

Baked apples

Cup

Orange pop

Milk

Milk

Chocolate milk

cakes

you think that Mary and Dave both chose healthful meals,

If

you are

right. Thats

because their meals were well-balanced. But

too many of the same kinds of foods. That


meant they missed out on some foods they should have eaten. As

Kenny and Linda chose

you read further, you will see why Marys and Daves choices were
better than

Kennys and Lindas.

What food
may

does
away now and then when

comes
to special treats. Did you ever eat too much pie and cake and then
wish you hadnt afterwards? Can you remember going to the 200
or the circus and eating hot dogs, crackerjack, candy, and ice
cream, one on top of the other? Special treats can be fun if you
dont overdo them. We all like to eat. But just giving your body
All of us

food

isnt

2.

3.

it

enough.

The food you


1.

get carried

must do certain things for you:


must help you grow and it must protect you from disease.
It must supply the materials the parts of your body need
for growth and for the repair of worn-out tissues.
It must give you energy for work and play.
eat

It

Certain substances found in food do these special jobs.

17

Food

growth and

for

repair

Did you ever look at a snapshot of yourself taken when you


were a baby and think: "My, was I ever that little? Where did
all

of

me come

from? The answer

is

from the food you've

Without food, you would never have grown

One

to the size

you are today.

grow is
grow and

of the substances found in food that helps you

protein. All your little cells need protein in order to

to repair your body. Protein foods can also help to give

for

work and

play.

Food
Your body
body gets

some vegetables such

as beans.

for heat and energy


always

is

tired.

warm

inside.

Certain foods, that

As you work and

is,

foods give you

carbohydrates are

play, your

those containing fats and

it needs. Almost
some energy. But the ones that contain fats and
the best. Pound for pound, fat gives you twice

carbohydrates, give your body the heat and energy

18

you pep

Foods that contain protein are meat, eggs,

cheese, fish, nuts, and

all

eaten.

as

much energy

give you any

And

as other foods.

more energy than

although carbohydrates dont

proteins, they

do give your body

energy more quickly.


Fat

important to people in cold countries. Their bodies

is

need extra energy to keep warm. That


of whale blubber.

Some

Whale blubber

of the fat you eat

is

is

why Eskimos

mostly

is

eat a lot

fat.

The rest
when you need

used up right away.

stored in your body as fat to provide energy

is
it.

Fat foods are usually the kind that leave a greasy spot on your
shirt or blouse

contain
cheese,

fat.

if

you

any of them. Butter and margarine

spill

Other foods with

and bacon and other

fat in

them

Starches and sugars are carbohydrates.

sweet usually has sugar in

are cream, olive oil,

fat meats.

it.

Most

fruits,

Any

food that

and honey contain sugar (although some of them

pies,

tastes

sweet potatoes, cakes,


also con-

tain starch )

You

cant tell the foods containing starch by the way they


But you eat most of them every day. Foods high in starch
are bread, potatoes, peas, beans, and cereal.
taste.

The amount
the weather and
outside, or

you do

of fat and carbohydrates you need depends

how

when you

hard you work and play.

When

it

is

on

cold

more energy than


more of foods con-

play extra hard, you use

Then you need

at other times.

to eat

taining fats and carbohydrates.

Calories are important


Most boys and
thats natural

girls

have big appetites. They eat

heartily.

And

because growing bodies need the food.

The amount

of food you eat

is

measured

what

in

are called

heat units or calories. For instance, a piece of bread has 100 calo-

an apple 100. Boys and

ries,

need

at least

very active, they

When

between the ages of 10 and 16

calories,

On some

days

when

they are

may need many more.

you eat more

calories than your

calories are turned into fat.

enough

girls

2,500 calories a day.

you

w ill
r

On

body needs, the extra

the other hand,

if

you dont eat

lose weight.

19

Minerals: for bones, teeth, blood


But you need more than foods containing protein,
carbohydrates in order to grow and stay healthy.

You

fats,

and

also need

foods that contain minerals, especially calcium and phosphorus.

These minerals make bones and teeth strong and help keep your
nervous system working properly. Milk contains calcium and
phosphorus.

There are other mineral* that your body needs. But most of

them are found in such a variety of foods that you probably get
enough of them without having to think about it.
You must watch to be sure you get enough iron and iodine.
Iron

the mineral that helps to keep your blood healthy. Meat,

is

especially liver,

You
that

and eggs help supply

need only a

Iodine

is

to regulate

found

in

some

iron.

iodine, but your thyroid gland needs

iodine very much.

bit of

little

remember, helps

little

(Your thyroid gland, you

important body
fish

the soil of certain sections of the country.


iodine

is

found

may

It is

Where

this

is

in

true,

grown in that soil. But many


country away from the seashore and

be lacking from the foods they

eat.

to the salt you buy. You can look


mother keeps on the pantry shelf. If

So manufacturers

add iodine

at the

that your

it

it

found

also

in the vegetables

people live in parts of the


iodine

activities.)

and sea foods.

box of

salt

contains iodine,

will say: Iodized Salt.

Vitamin alphabet
You hear a lot about the vitamins you need to help you grow
and protect your health. As vitamins were discovered, they were
named after the letters of the alphabet: vitamins A, B, C, D.
Vitamins are so tiny that you cant see them. Vitamin pills are
made up

amounts of one or more vitamins. Sometimes


to take
especially babies and young children
extra vitamins in the form of drops or cod-liver oil or pills. But
in most cases, if you eat the right kind of foods, in the right
amounts, you should get all the vitamins you need from the foods

doctors

you

of large

tell

eat.

20

people

Meet the vitamins


Vitamin

1.

eyes.

WarainA

It

is

good

for your

keep the

also helps to

skin and cells lining your

mouth

and throat healthy. Your body

make vitamin

you eat
Here are
some of them: green and yellow
can

if

the right kinds of foods.

vegetables, eggs, milk, fish-liver


oils, butter.

2.

Vitamin

There are several B vitamins

and they are numbered so you


Bl, B2, and
can tell them apart

others.

Vitamin^
For good health be sure you
get your vitamins every day.

Each one of the B

vita-

mins does several important jobs.


But the group as a whole helps
your nervous system to function,
helps
sists

make

healthy blood, and

in digesting your food.

foods contain

as-

These

vitamins: whole

grain cereals, meat, eggs, leafy vegetables, peanuts, milk.


3.

Vitamin

healthy, and

it

is

very important in keeping your teeth and

protects your general health, too.

Many

gums

years ago,

on long voyages would not get enough fresh food to eat.


They would soon begin to suffer from scurvy. Their joints swelled
up; their gums bled; they became very weak. Since doctors found
that the lack of vitamin C can cause scurvy, it has become a rare
disease. Vitamin C is found in fresh fruits and vegetables such
as oranges and tomatoes.
sailors

4.

Vitamin

is

often called the sunshine vitamin.

shining on your skin helps your body

make

The sun

the vitamin

it

when most of your body is protected by


heavy clothing and when the smoke in the air above many big
cities keeps the sunlight from getting to your body, you may need
to take vitamin D. Of course, vitamin D is found in some foods
such as fish and egg yolks. And in many places milk is enriched
needs.

But

in the winter

21

with vitamin D. (If the milk you drink

you can take vitamin

is

not vitamin

D enriched,

tablets or cod-liver oil. Cod-liver oil or

other fish-liver oils are well-known sources of vitamin D.

vitamin

in pills or tablets, however,

is

just as

good

The

as that in

cod-liver oil.)

Seven basic foods


Even though you know your body needs certain foods, you
probably dont think about proteins, fats, and carbohydrates every
time you go to the dinner table. The meat wont be labeled protein.
And your tomato salad wont have a sign which says vitamin C.

YOUR FOOD

22

GUIDE: THE BASIC SEVEN

most foods contain many elements. You couldnt possibly


remember all of them.
Then how can you tell which are the right foods to eat every
Besides,

day? There
divided

is

them

an easy way. People


into seven groups.

You need

who know

about foods have

These are called the seven basic

from each one of these groups every


day in order to stay healthy. If you look at the chart on the
opposite page, you will see what the foods are.

foods.

to eat food

Planning balanced meals


One Sunday when Kennys mother had to be away all day,
menus for Kenny and his father to follow in

she wrote out three

preparing their meals that day. Did Mrs. Foster plan a well bal-

23

anced diet for the day, including some food from each of the
basic seven?

Look up on the chart on page 22 each food Mrs. Foster had


on her list. Then beside each food write the number of the basic
seven food group it falls under. Some dishes on Mrs. Fosters list
may include foods from more than one group in the chart.
If

Mrs. Foster included

all

the basic seven foods in her menus,

you will have written down each of the numbers from one to
seven, at least once. And you could say that Mrs. Foster had
planned well-rounded healthful meals for the day.
In the same

way

you checked Mrs. Foster's meals, you


can check up on your own eating. Write down what you had for
breakfast, lunch, and dinner yesterday. Did you include food from
that

each of the basic seven foods groups

Helpful hints

Generally,

it is

not good to

fill

up on cakes and

between meals. Too many such foods will

pies

and candy

spoil your appetite

and you wont get enough of the other foods you need.
better to eat candy bars or ice

cream cones

Its

after meals, not

before.

If

you are hungry

after school or at recess, try eating

or an orange once in a while.

And remember,

an apple

fresh fruits

make

tasty desserts.

Drink plenty of milk. Most boys and girls should drink a quart
of milk a day. Of course, part of your milk can be in cooked
foods, like puddings, custards, or cream soups.

24

Exercise and rest

JL here was

new

television set at

Mary

Scotts house,

and some

Two men

of the boys and girls were watching a circus program.

were doing a trapeze act. They swung back and forth


and caught each other in mid-air.

and a

girl

do

"It looks easy," said Linda. "Id like to

"So would

some

I," said

that."

Pete Clancy. "Im going to join a circus

day."

came

Just then, Marys older brother, Joe,

come from

football practice.

"What makes you

in.

He had

just

think you could

do stunts?" he asked.

"Why
"Thats

not?" said Pete. "All you have to do

what you

is

learn how."

think," said Joe. "Trapeze artists have to be

in topnotch physical condition.

They need muscle." He glanced

body and added, "Youll never get any muscle


here watching TV. Going to the window he looked out

at Petes relaxed
sitting

and then

said, "Its a swell

day out.

How

about a

game

of ball?"

"Thats a good idea," said Pete.


"Ill

play," said Mary. "I

Joe laughed.

we

"Come

want

to be

on, he said.

on

Joes side."

"We

can choose up after

get outside."

25

Muscles must work


In order to stay healthy,

boys

and

girls

all

need fresh

exercise. They need


games and take part in

and

air

to play
sports.

Daily exercise will help you to


build a strong body.

doctor

may

say all of your

organs are sound. That means

you are medically

want

fit.

But

if

you

be in really topnotch

to

condition

that

is,

physically

you must put your muscles

fit

to

work.
If a

boy breaks

his leg

and

it

has to be in a cast for a long time

while the bone heals, the muscles


can get

Boys and

girls

and exercise

need fresh air

stiff.

If hes off his feet

long enough, he has to learn to

to stay healthy.

walk all over again. Gradually,


he must build up strength in his
muscles and train them to do what he wants. The same thing
would happen to all parts of your body if you didnt use them.
Your whole body needs regular exercise to keep it running smoothly. Thats why games and sports are important. They build up your
body so that you can work or play with

Practice
If

you know

time you tried

You

it.

less effort.

makes perfect

how to swim, you probably remember the first


You did a lot of splashing but you didnt get very

But each time you tried,


became easier. After you had taught your muscles to work together, you began to get somewhere. And after a while you found
you could swim farther and farther.
Famous athletes train in exactly this same way. They start
far.

got

it

26

tired, too, after a short time.

slowly and gradually

work

into top condition.

They do

know that it takes time to build up muscles.


You may not want to be a star athlete. You may

this

because

they

prefer to join

the debating team or act in class plays. But whatever you do,

or

when

you

to

now

you grow up, being in good physical condition will help

do

it

better.

Whats your game?


The games
and can do

or sports you play will depend

best.

Kenny

on what you like


and is

Foster, for instance, likes baseball

good player. His friend Dave plays ball, too, but he is better at
swimming. Linda likes volley ball, while Mary goes in for twirling
a baton and fancy marching with the school band. It doesnt really
make any difference what game or sport you like. And it doesnt
make too much difference how well you can play the game. The
important thing it to have fun and get some exercise.
Almost all boys and girls like to go on long hikes. And
walking in the fresh air is a simple form of exercise that everybody
can enjoy. If you take long strides and breathe in deeply, you will
help to build up your body and improve your posture, too.
Some boys and girls cant take part in strenuous sports because
of some physical difficulty. But that doesnt mean they cant play
any games. A certain amount of activity is good for everybody. If
you should happen to be one of these boys or girls, ask your gym
teacher to help you decide which games will suit you best.
a

Rest and relax


Whatever game or

sport you play, dont overdo

it.

Rest and

relaxation are just as important as exercise. Everyone needs a

balanced program in order to be healthy. That means some work

and play and some

When

rest.

youre asleep your body activities can slow down. That

and

gives your body a chance to repair and rest itself

The

bodies of growing boys and girls have extra

Thats

why

every night.

to

work

grow.
to do.

boys and girls need at least nine or ten hours sleep

Its

feel

easy to tell

when you

get

when
up

youve had enough sleep by the

in the

morning.

If youre full of

chances are youve had enough sleep.

If

better check with your alarm clock. If

its

you

still

way you
pep, the

feel tired, youd

getting you

up

at seven,

you should be in bed by nine or ten.

Keep
Sleep

that "bounce

only one form of

is

rest.

You

also need to relax during

the day. In between exercise or hard play, take


rest period

the

can give you a chance to

dog or

cat.

Or you might want

Youll be surprised

Most people

how

find that they get

Have you
and too

strain affect

some time

floor

off.

and play with

to just sprawl out

on a

sofa.

more done

when

in the

long run

when

they try to force themselves to

steadily.

ever noticed

tightly

on the

quickly your body will feel refreshed.

they rest between jobs than

keep working too

sit

makes

it

how

lose

stretching a rubber

its

band too long

"bounce? Overlong periods of

people in the same way.

If

you keep your nerves and

muscles under a strain for too long a time, you might lose your
bounce.

When

you know

how

to relax

and take time

be better able to enjoy your work and your play.

28

to rest,

you will

Everyday
health questions

sick. But one day he and


and weighed themselves. Their
Kenny weighed 110 pounds,

ave never worried about being

Kenny dropped pennies into a


weight was shown on

little cards.

Dave weighed an even

You

scale

100.

When Dave

turned his card over

meet a beautiful girl.


"Huh, said Dave to Kenny, "I dont care about that. But
I wonder why you weigh more than I do? Youre taller, too.
When Dave got home he said to his mother, "Mom, do you
suppose something is wrong with me?
"I dont think so, answered his mother. "Why? Dont you
it

said:

will soon

feel all right?

whole year older than Kenny,


am. And I used to be taller than Kenny,

"Sure, said Dave. But Im a

and

still

too.

Maybe we ought

"We
Kenny

hes bigger than I

can

are just

to ask the doctor

about

it.

you like, said his mother. "But


growing differently.

if

think you and

29

Lots of questions
Many

boys and

girls

worry about the way they grow. Some

think they are growing too

others too slowly.

fast,

Some

are

worried because of changes that are going on in their bodies.

Some

of Kennys friends were worried about the

way

they

were growing. And, of course, there were other questions about


health:

Mary thought

she was getting too

Linda thought her feet were too


Sally

on her

tall.

big.

Wilson wondered what she could do about the pimples

face.

Pete Clancy had caught three colds in a row.

Don

why he

Schultz couldnt understand

got a rash every

time he ate eggs.

Grace Rosenburg said her eyes hurt sometimes.

And

other boys and girls had

Maybe you have some

Am

You may

still

different problems.

health questions, too.

growing

as

should?

be worried, like Dave, about your

size.

You may

think you arent growing fast enough and wish you were

taller.

may think you are growing too fast. But you


must keep in mind that no two boys and girls ever grow in exactly the same way. Each one has his own rate of growth. Mary,
who is tall now, may grow but a few more inches before reaching
her final height. Dave, on the other hand, may all of a sudden
start growing fast and turn out to be a tall man.
Or, like Mary, you

This

grow

isnt

always the case, of course.

to be as tall as theyd like.

are too

tall.

Your

growth patterns

final size

is

Some

Some boys may never


may always feel they

girls

influenced to

in your family. In

some

some extent by the


most of its

families,

members grow to be tall and thin. In others,


stocky. Members of some families may grow
teens. In other families, the period of rapid

in the teens.

30

they are short and


a lot in their early

growth comes

later

You grow in

spurts
you are like most boys and
girls, you will do much of your
growing up between the ages of
10 and 16. You wont grow up
If

once, nor does all of your

all at

body grow

may

at the

same

time.

You

shoot up before you grow

may
Or you may

out so that for a while you

look

tall

and lanky.

grow wide before you grow

tall

and go through a fat period.


If you are worried about being overweight or underweight,

youd

about

the

same

Maybe he

your

doctor

will tell your

mother about certain foods that


will help you to gain or lose
weight. But remember, never try

Children the same age are not


necessarily

ask

better
it.

height.

to diet without

your doctors ad-

vice.

What about my pimples?


Sally didnt like

(pimples)

it

Acne
when your body is

because she had pimples on her face.

often develops during the time

growing and changing so

rapidly. Because your

body

is

working

overtime, your skin doesnt always get rid of waste oils as fast as
it

should.

The accumulation

of oils can cause pimples. Usually,

however, such pimples disappear by the time a boy or

grown
If

girl

has

up.

you are bothered by bumps or pimples, see your doctor. He


Dont eat too many sweets or fried foods and

will probably say:

never squeeze or pick a pimple for that

may

also advise

you

to be sure

may make

it

worse.

He

and keep your skin perfectly clean

by washing your face several times every day with mild soap and
water.

31

What

can

do about

my feet?

Linda
Because

asked

question.

that

thought

she

her

feet

looked so big, she bought a pair


of

shoes

Then

were too small.

that

she really had trouble.

The

shoes squeezed her toes and she

ended up with an ingrown


nail. Its

and

girls to

toe-

some boys

natural for

worry about the

size

of their feet. Because feet some-

times reach their final size before


the rest of the body, they are
large for a while. But shoes that
are too small

Ill-fitting

Many
size

people

of

their

worry about the

Do you?

feet.

is

not the answer

problem.

to the

shoes can cause

all

kinds of foot trouble. When you


buy shoes, always have the clerk

measure your foot for


feet

may have grown

size.

Your

since youd

bought shoes before. See that there is enough room at least


between your toes and the end of your shoes. And
remember, never use an X-ray machine in fitting your shoes. It is

of an inch

not necessary, and

growth of the bones

I
If

in

wonder

to

doctor

an eye doctor

who

your

if I

your eyes hurt,

trouble reading, you

go

used often enough

if

if

may

interfere with the

feet.

need glasses?

you often have headaches,

may need

called

if

you have

The way to find out is to


an oculist. The oculist is a medical
glasses.

you
you the kind of glasses

specializes in treating all conditions of the eyes. If

think you need glasses, an oculist will

you need. Glasses come


choose the kind that will

many

tell

and you can


look well on you. Once you get glasses,
in

different styles

be sure to wear yours as regularly as your doctor advises.

32

Take

care of your eyes

There are several ways that you can help take care of your
you are reading or studying, look up now and then

eyes. If

your eyes. Then always be sure that the light youre using

to rest

is

good.

you are right-handed, the light should come over your left
shoulder. If you are left-handed, the light should come over your
If

right shoulder.

You

if

you remember

to

wash

If a

wont have a shadow on your book or paper

this rule,

and you wont

strain

your eyes.

speck of dirt or some other object gets into your eye, try
it

out right away with an eye cup or small glass of water.

down and holding it


for a few moments. The tears from your eye may wash the object
out. But whatever you do, dont rub your eye. That may only push
Or you might

try pulling the eyelid

the object further


particle

from your

What
No

you have any

If

in.

eye,

out and

it is

removing

real trouble

better to see your doctor promptly.

really causes tooth decay?

one knows exactly what causes tooth decay. But most


between the
one reason why it

dentists agree that particles of food lodged

teeth,

especially sweets, can start decay. Thats

is

not

good idea to eat too much candy, cake, or pie. And you should
remember to brush your teeth after meals and before going to bed.
a

Everyone should see a dentist regularly.


long, a tiny cavity can
lose

one of your

become

serious

When

enough

you wait too

to cause you to

teeth.

They

also try to

keep your teeth free of decay. Dentists

now sometimes

paint boys

and

sodium

Dentists not only take care of decayed teeth.

girls

stance

teeth with a substance called

when found

in water

is

called flourine

flouride. This sub-

and

is

thought to

help prevent tooth decay.

Some

cities are

helping with the problem of tooth decay. Since

most drinking water doesnt have


to the water.

Wherever

seem to have
and towns may add

cities

less

this has

flourine, they are

adding flourine

been done, the children

tooth decay. In the future

in these

more

flourine to their drinking water.

33

cities


What

can

do about colds?
you have a

If
it

cold, try to

Dont

to yourself.

let it

keep
toss

and forth between your

back

friends like a football. Sneezing

and coughing

even

talking

why its best


home when you have a

spread germs. Thats


to stay
cold.

Keep warm, drink plenty

water and other


If

just

its

days. If

more

and

it

serious,

of

rest.

an ordinary cold,

it

more than a
hangs on or seems

probably wont

few

fluids,

last

you should

call

your doctor.

No known

medicine will pre-

vent a cold. But your doctor can

Maybe you
enough fruits and
plenty of
vegetables to give you the vitamins you need to protect you
against germs. Maybe you need to get more rest and sleep. Its
suggest ways to help.

Got

also

a cold?

Keep warm, drink


fluids,
and rest.

arent eating

important to dress properly for the weather.

rubbers or boots

Wear

your

when you need them.

Should

take laxatives

all

the time?

Often boys and girls worry about the regularity of bowel


movements. But because bodies are different, not everyone has
the same habits. It may be normal for some people to have one
bowel movement a day. Others may have two or three.
Some people who worry about their bowel movements take a
laxative or pill regularly. Laxatives speed up the action in the
large intestines and force a bowel movement. But this is harsh
treatment for a delicate organ. Avoid taking laxatives unless your
doctor advises
If

it.

you eat a variety of foods, get some exercise each day, and

34

drink plenty of water, your body will regulate


certain time each day to

go

itself.

Try to set a
you to get

to the toilet. This will help

into the habit of "being regular."

What

is

"allergic?

When

someone has an allergy it means that certain things


some way. Even the dust in the air or pollen
from house plants can make some people sneeze or cough. Fine
particles from the fur of animals or feathers of birds have a similar
effect on others. Certain foods make some people break out in a
rash. You may not be "allergic" to any food, but if you think
some substance or food upsets you, it is best to find out about it.
upset his body in

What

do get

if I

Most boys and

sick?

girls get sick at

some time or

ably will, too, even though you follow

The way you


one

else, is

cold and

about being

whether

sick,

other.

You

sniffle

what

that

may come

along.

mother or father about

to do. It

is

much

When

it.

prob-

the health rules.


it is

you or some-

very important. Dont worry and fuss over every

well, tell your

decide

feel

all

little

youre not feeling

Let them and the doctor

better to let your mother, father,

and

the doctor share any worries you might have about your health.

Your

job

is

to follow their advice

and concentrate on getting well.

35

Miracle

men

and medicines
One evening Dave was doing

homework. He was reading a book about men of science and he came to this statement: If
it were not for the wonderful discoveries that doctors and men of
science have made, you might not he reading this book.
Dave didnt know what that meant at first, but as he read
some more he found out. It meant that many boys and girls might
not be alive today if it hadnt been for the wonderful ways in
which doctors and others have fought diseases.
A long time ago, many babies died before they were a year
old. In fact, more babies died than lived. Boys and girls and older
people, too, died by the thousands from diseases for which there
was no cure. For example, about 600 years ago, a disease called
the Black Death spread all over Asia and Europe. Because there
his

were few doctors

at that time, this disease killed

people in Europe.

When

36

almost half the

a disease spreads in this way,

it is

called


an epidemic. Epidemics of smallpox, typhoid, and diphtheria have
caused the death of hundreds of thousands of people.

But today not only can many of these diseases be cured, but
doctors have found ways of preventing

The

some of them

entirely.

battle for health

Did you ever stop to think about how many people have
worked to help improve your health and to keep you free from
pain and disease? Doctors and scientists you have never seen or
probably never read about helped in the fight against disease.

Did you ever hear of

He

man named Anton van Leeuwenhoek?

invented a microscope that was so powerful that he could see

germs in water. Two hundred years later, this invention


helped a French doctor, Louis Pasteur. He proved that germs can
be carried from one person to another and so spread disease.

disease

Diseases that can be spread from one person to another are


called

communicable

diseases.

Pasteur found out that

all

com-

municable diseases are caused by germs that get into your body
from the outside. He discovered many ways of killing these germs

and preventing the epidemics they

may be

that

ature of between

process

is

140 and 145 degrees

called pasteurization

Many

cause.

Today

present in milk are killed by heating

other

men have

William T. G. Morton

for half

after that great

disease
it

germs

to a temper-

an hour. This

French doctor.

contributed to your good health. Dr.

first

used ether to stop pain during an

operation. Before that, people had to suffer a great deal of pain

even when they had a tooth pulled. Another doctor, Rene Laennec,
rolled a sheet of paper into a tube
beat.
all

From

this

and

listened to a patients heart-

simple idea he invented the

first

stethoscope.

Today

doctors use a stethoscope to listen to your heartbeat.

Joseph Lister was the first to use carbolic acid to kill the germs
on surgical instruments and bandages so that wounds wouldnt
become infected. Edward Jenner, who lived 100 years before
Pasteur, found a
into

them

way

from smallpox by injecting


from a cow with a similar disease. This

to protect people

a little fluid

was called vaccination.


37

Preventing and curing diseases


Today many people are
from communicable

pro-

tected

dis-

eases by the use of vaccines

and

serums. These substances are injected into or

under the

body

to

fight

skin, or

They help

into the muscles.

against

the

disease

germs. These injections or "shots

can

now protect you entirely from

diseases such as diphtheria, small-

pox, lockjaw,

and typhoid

whooping cough,

fever.

There are a few diseases for


which there are no preventive
shots as yet. But scientists are on
the eve of great discoveries.

Not

only are they working on vac-

much

Its

disease

easier

than

ing wonderful

may

prevent

to

cure

to

new

cines that will prevent

prevent

diseases but they are finding

it.

medicines.

mumps and

and cure

new

ways of treatment and discovervaccine is being developed which

doctors are working on a vaccine and

serum which may wipe out polio (or poliomyelitis,

as doctors

call it).

Polio and tuberculosis


know that a serum called gamma globulin
monkeys from becoming paralyzed from polio. And
being made to see how the serum works on people.

Doctors already
helps to keep
tests are

You read so much about


may think everyone who has
crippled in any way.

posed

to polio ever

the disease remains paralyzed. But

who suffer from polio


And only a small per cent of people
come down with it.

only a small per cent of


left

polio in the newspapers that you

all

the people

are
ex-

Doctors know, too, more about what you can do to protect

38

yourself.

When

it's a good idea to


you go swimming, be sure you
approved by health authorities. Be extra

the polio season comes around,

keep away from large crowds.


choose a spot that

is

remember

careful to

If

wash your hands before eating and

to

try

not to get chilled or overtired.

Great
Today,

strides

if it is

have also been made

in treating tuberculosis.

discovered early, tuberculosis can be cured. Strepto-

mycin and other drugs have been found helpful in many cases
of tuberculosis. Thats why the X-ray machine is most important in
helping in the fight against the disease.

If

everyone had his

lungs X-rayed regularly, so the disease could be caught in

might disappear

early stages, tuberculosis

its

entirely.

Wonder drugs
Streptomycin

is

one of the new so-called "miracle or


in the last few years.

just

wonder drugs which have been developed

The
lin,

first to

be discovered were the sulfa drugs. Others are penicil-

aureomycin, terramycin, cortisone, and

these drugs are long but so are the

lists

ACTH. The names

ing to conquer. Penicillin, for instance, saves the lives of

people

and

who

ACTH

of

of diseases they are help-

many

used to die of pneumonia and scarlet fever. Cortisone

help to relieve the pain of people

who have rheuma-

tism and arthritis.

These wonderful new drugs come from the laboratories so


fast that its hard to keep track of them all. But every day doctors
are finding

new ways

that "miracle medicines help people.

Scientists of today are

disease.

Nor do

working

they fight alone.

all

the time to fight against

The community

helps by keeping

food and drinking water safe from germs. Health organizations


help by raising funds for research and education.

know about

health, the

more they can do

The more people

to keep healthy.

Health for every day


In the pages of this booklet, you have read about

some of

the

important things you need to do to keep healthy. Youve also


learned what doctors and

men

of science have done to help you.

39

Today, education has brought the


everyone.

As

fast as

new

about them. While you are growing up,

new

secrets will

New

and even better ways will be found


healthier and happier lives.

covered.
live

good health to
made, the world hears

secrets of

discoveries are

You

new

are part of a

age. If

be un-

to help people

you keep your body and mind

healthy, youll be better able to enjoy

life.

Are you following the important health rules? Here is a list


of health questions. To check up on yourself, answer each of the
questions yes or no.

EVERYDAY HEALTH CHECK-UP


Yes
1.

Do you

No

brush your teeth after every meal and

before going to bed?


2.

Do you eat food from each group


seven foods every day?

3.

Do you get

of the basic

plenty of sunshine and fresh air each

day when the weather

is

good?

4.

Do you

take part

5.

Do you

practice habits of cleanliness such as wash-

in

some game

ing hands before meals


6.

Do you

ask your doctor

or sport?

and taking frequent baths?


about any health problem

that bothers you?


7.

Do you

8.

Between meals do you eat

drink plenty of milk

and water?
fruits

_.

more often than

sweets?
9.

10.

Do you get
Do you

9 or 10 hours' sleep most nights?

relax

between periods of hard work or

play?
1

1.

Do you

think

about keeping

well

more than about

being sick?
12.

Are you cheerful most of the time?

All of the questions should be answered yes.

come
Its

out? If you werent perfect, dont worry.

easy to follow everyday health rules.

40

You

How

did you

can improve.

LIFE

ADJUSTMENT BOOKLETS

to help boys and girls solve their everyday problems

ABOUT YOU

YOUR HEALTH
How You Grow

You and Your Problems

Bernice L. Neugarten

Your Safety Handbook


Ned H. Dearborn
Bill

Andrews

GETTING ALONG
WITH OTHER PEOPLE

Stanley E.

Dimond

ABOUT YOU
AND YOUR HOME
Getting Along with
Parents

Clubs Are Fun

Katharine Whiteside-Taylor

Mildred C. Letton
Adele M. Ries

Life with Brothers

Guide

to

and

Good Manners

Mary Beery

How

to Get Along
with Others
Bernice L. Neugarten

ABOUT YOU
AND YOUR SCHOOL
Getting Along in School
Bernice L. Neugarten
Paul J. Misner

High School Ahead!


Rolfe Lanier

Hunt

You Can Read


Paul Witty
Harry Bricker

Better

Sisters

Francis

Ullmann

Prepared in cooperation
with the Child Study
Association of America

ABOUT THINGS
IN GENERAL
Exploring Atomic

Energy
John Lewellen

Exploring the World


of Jobs
Donald

E. Kitch

Politics for

Boys and

Girls
Robert

YOUR HEALTH HANDBOOK

E.

Merriam

is
one of SRA's Junior
Adjustment Booklets for boys and girls in upper elementary and junior high schools. For information about this
series and about SRA's Junior Guidance Service for schools,
write: Science Research Associates, 57 West Grand Avenue,
Chicago 10, Illinois. Single copies 40c. Subscription (9 issues)
$3.50. Quantity prices on request.

Life

ILLINOIS

10.

CHICAGO

AVE.,

GRAND

WEST

57

ASSOCIATES,

RESEARCH

SCIENCE

BY

PUBLISHED

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