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MODUL 5

MEALS AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS

KB 1 - MEALS
Tentu Anda telah latihan mendengarkan (listening) bagian 24 dan 25.
Habits: breakfast, lunch, and dinner
I
at 6.00 a.m. (morning)
You
have breakfast at 12.00
We
lunch (noon/afternoon)
They
dinner at 7.00 p.m.
She
has (night/evening)
He
Example:
1. I have breakfast at 6.
2. She has lunch at 12.
3. They have dinner at 7.

A B C D
Breakfast heavy or light meal
can be
Makan makanan berat atau
dapat berupa
pagi ringan
The man can be a doctor → possibility
Pria itu mungkin adalah seorang dokter (kemungkinan)
The
can do
students the exercise
dapat/sang mengerjak → ability (kemampuan)
Para siswa latihan itu
gup an
itu
He can swim very well
→ capacity (kapasitas)
Dia dapat berenang dengan baik

Habits: Adverb of frequency


A B C D
People usually take some drink
Orang-orang biasanya mengambil minuman
Tentu Anda telah latihan mendengarkan (listening) bagian 26. Lihat contoh pada hal. 5.9.
Selanjutnya, kerjakan latihan modul pada hal. 5.10

GRAMMAR FOCUS

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Example:
1. I always get up at 6 in the morning.
2. Rina usually gets up at 6 in the morning.
3. We rarely get up at 6 in the morning.

KB 2 - UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS: plural


Tentu Anda telah latihan mendengarkan (listening) bagian 27 dan 28.

Beberapa Uncountable Nouns yang dikelompokkan berdasarkan bagian individunya:


A B C D E
clothing jewelry homework advice English, grammar
equipme masil housewor informatio Chinese, slang
nt money k n Arabic, vocabular
food makeup work news etc y
fruit stuff history corn
furniture scenery literature flour
garbage music rice
salt
Beberapa Uncountable Nouns lain yang dikelompokkan berdasarkan bentuk zatnya:

How much and How many: ekspresi yang digunakan untuk menanyakan jumlah.
Many digunakan untuk countable nouns mis: many apples.
Much digunakan untuk uncountable nouns mis: much fruit.

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GRAMMAR FOCUS:

Lihat contoh penggunaan many pada hal. 5.23 dan contoh penggunaan much pada hal.
5.24-25.

Silahkan mengerjakan latihan-latihan di bawah ini:


1. appl How many apples did you buy?
e did you buy?
How much fruit
did you get
2. fruit How ______________
yesterday?
3. mail
4. coffe Anto drinks too _____________ .
e You shouldn’t eat too _____________ .
5. suga There (isn’t, aren’t) _________ in the paper
r today.

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6. new
s

Tentu Anda telah latihan mendengarkan (listening) bagian 29. Lihat contoh pada hal.
5.30-32.
Selanjutnya, perhatikan RANGKUMAN lalu kerjakan latihan modul pada hal. 5.32
dan. TEST FORMATIF
MODUL 6
DESCRIBING OBJECT AND DEGREE OF COMPARISON

KB 1 - DESCRIBING THINGS
Tentu Anda telah latihan mendengarkan (listening) bagian 30 dan 31. Lihat contoh pada
hal. 5.30-32.

Ketika kalimat tanya (interrogative):


A B C
What type is your suicase?
Jenis (model) kopor anda?
apa
What type are your suicases?
Jenis (model) kopor anda?
apa

Ketika menjawab dengan kalimat positif (affirmative):


A B C D
It is A folding one.
Tas itu lipat tas
Tas itu tas lipat.

Geometric figures: plane shapes

a a a rhombus a parallelogram a circle


a square an ellpse
rectangle triangle

a rectangular
a cube a triangular prism a can/cylinder
prism

Colors

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Material (wood, plastic, metal etc)

polyester tie/silk tie


medium shirt/large shirt leather boots/rubber
boots

Contoh:
A B C D
It is rectangular in shape.
Tas itu segi empat dalam
bentuk
Tas itu berbentuk segi empat.
It is made of plastic.
Tas itu terbuat dari Plastik.

GRAMMAR FOCUS

Di bawah ini gambar untuk berlatih seperti pada modul 6.8 dan 6.9, namun sebelumnya
isilah titik-titik pada nomor dengan pilihan kata yang telah tersedia.

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Selanjutnya, kerjakan latihan modul pada hal. 6.11-13.

KB 2 - DESCRIBING PEOPLE: What Do They Look Like?


Tentu Anda telah latihan mendengarkan (listening) bagian 32 dan 33.

A B C D
He is 30 years old.
Dia 30 tahun Usia
Dia berusia 30 tahun.
She has black hair.
Dia memili hitam rambut
ki
Dia memili rambut hitam.
ki
Lihat contoh pada hal. 6.17, lalu hal. 6.18-19. Selanjutnya, kerjakan latihan modul
pada hal. 6.22-23.
GRAMMAR FOCUS

KB 3 -DEGREE OF COMPARISON: Adjective


Tentu Anda telah latihan mendengarkan (listening) bagian 34 dan 35. Lihat contoh pada
hal. 6.28-33.

Comparative and Superlative

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(a) “A”is older than “B.” The comparative compares
(b) “A”and “B”are older than “C”and “this/these”to “that/those.”Form: -er or
“D.” more.
(c) Ed is more generous than his NOTICE: A comparative is followed by
brother. than.
d) “A”, “B”, “C”, and “D”are sisters. The superlative compares one part of a
“A”is the oldest of all four sisters. whole group to all the rest of the group.
(e) A woman in Turkey claims to be the Form: -est or most, (See Chart 13-3 for
oldest person in the world. forms.) NOTICE: A superlative begins
(f) Ed is the most generous person in wirh the.
his family.

young middle-aged old


Wawan Mr Tomo Tini
Age

Shap
e
fat heavy slim thin
Santi Lisa Halim Nani

Face

round long square oval


Nana Anto Anti Samad
Heigh
t

tall medium short


Budi Yusuf Ahmad
165 cm 150 cm 145 cm

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long short straight curly wavy
Tina Linda Eka Susan
Tati
Hair age 20 age 23 age 20 age 32
age 17

Eyes dark brown light brown blue green gray

MENGGUNAKAN COMPARATIVE
(a) I'm older than my brother (is). In formal English, a subject pronoun
(b) I'm older than he is. (e.g., he] follows than, as in (b). In
(c) I'm older than him. (informal) everyday, informal spoken English, an
object pronoun (e.g., him) often follows

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than, as in (c).

(d) He works harder than Ida. Frequently an auxiliary verb follows the
(e) I arrived earlier than they did. subject after than. In (d): than I do =
than I work
(f) Tom is much/a lot/far older than I am. Very often modifies adjectives and
INCORRECT: Tom is very older than I am adverbs: e.g., Tom is very old. He drives
(g) Ann drives much/a lot/far more very carefully. However, very is NOT
carefully than she used to. used to modify comparative adjectives
(h) Ben is a little (bit) older than me. and adverbs. Instead, they are often
modified by much, a lot, or far, as in (f)
and (g). Another common modifier is a
little/a little bit, as in (h).
(i) A pen is less expensive than a book. The opposite of –er/more is expressed
(j) A pen is not as expensive as a book. by less or not as . . . as. (i) and (j) have
(k) A pen is not as large as a book. the same meaning.
INCORRECT: Less (not as . . , as) is used with
A pen is less large than a book. adjectives and adverbs of more than
one syllable. Only not as . . . as (XOT
less) is used with one-syllable adjectives
or adverbs, as in (k).
MENGGUNAKAN COMPARATIVE DAN SUPERLATIVE
COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE REMARKS
old older the oldest For most one-syllable
ONE-SYLLABLE
ADJECTIVES

wise wiser the wisest adjectives,


-er and -est are added.
TWO-SYLLABLE ADJECTIVES

famous more famous the more famous For most two-syllable


wise wiser the wisest adjectives, more and most
are used.
busy busier the busiest -Er/-est are used with two-
pretty prettier the prettiest syllable adjectives that end in
-y. The -y is changed to -i.
clever cleverer the cleverest Some two-syllable adjectives
more clever the most clever use –er/-est or more/most:
gender the gentlest able, angry, clever, common,
gentle more gentle the most gentle cruel, friendly, gentle,
friendly friendliest the friendliest handsome, narrow, pleasant,
more friendly the most friendly polite, quiet, simple, sour.

important more important the most More and most are


fascinating more important used with long adjectives.
fascinating the most
fascinating

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good better the best Good and bad have irregular

ADJECTIVES
IRREGULAR bad worse the worst comparative and superlative
ADVERBS forms.

carefully more carefully the most carefully More and most are
slowly more slowly the most slowly used with adverbs that end in
-LY

-/y.*

fast faster harder the fastest The -er and -est forms are
SYLLABLE
ADVERBS
ONE-

hard the hardest used with one-syllable


adverbs.

well better the best


IRREGULAR
ADVERBS

badly worse the worst


far farther/further* the farthest /
* furthest

* Exception: early is both an adjective and an adverb. Forms: earlier, earliest.


** Both farther and further are used to compare physical distances: I walked
farther/further than my friend did. Further (but no: farther) can also mean “additional”:
I need further information.

LATIHAN:
Berikan bentuk comparative dan superlative dari adjective dan adverb berikut ini.
1. high → higher, the highest 13. good →
2. careful → 14. bad →
3. slow → 15. clear →
4. slowly → 16. clearly →
5. active → 17. happy →
6. funny → 18. confusing →
7. wet* → 19. courageous →
8. sweet* → 20. common →
9. late* → 21. friendly →
10. thin → 22. red →
11. clean → 23. wild →
12. serious → 24. dangerous →
Selanjutnya, perhatikan RANGKUMAN lalu kerjakan latihan modul pada hal. 6.33-
34 dan TEST FORMATIF.

MODUL 7
PREPOSITION OF DIRECTION AND THE SIMPLE PAST

KB 1 - PREPOSITION OF DIRECTION: Position (in/at/on)


Tentu Anda telah latihan mendengarkan (listening) bagian 36, 37, 38 dan 39.

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A B C D E
Excuse where is the nearest post office. please?
me, dimana terdekat kantor pos?
Permisi,
Permisi, dimana kantor pos tersdekat?
It is (It’s) over there on the left
Di di sana di sebelah kiri
Lihat contoh pada hal. 7.9-10. Selanjutnya, kerjakan latihan modul pada hal. 7.17-
18.
GRAMMAR FOCUS

a. Position - in

Contoh:
- The children are playing in the garden.
- Ranti lives in a small house in the mountains.

b. Position - at

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Contoh:
- The man is standing at the bus-stop/ at the door/ at the window.
- Ranti’s house is the white color at the end of the street.

c. Position - on

Contoh:
- Don’t seat on the floor/ on the ground/ on the grass.
- There’s a dirty mark on the wall/ on the ceiling/ on your nose.

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KB 2 – THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE
Tentu Anda telah latihan mendengarkan (listening) bagian 4036, 37, 38 dan 39.

STRUKTUR KALIMAT
Predicate Tense
Subject
To be Verb+ing Comlement The Present Continous
Tense
I am teaching English
English. every night
Andi studies
bahasa setiap The Simple Present Tense
Andi belajar
Inggris malam.
English. last night
Andi studied
bahasa tadi malam. The Simple Past Tense
Andi belajar
Inggris
(a) Mary walked dowmown yesterday, The simple past is used to talk about activities or situations
(b) I slept for eight hours last night. that began and ended in the past (e.g., yesterday, last mght,
two days ago, in 1990).
(c) Bob stayed home yesterday morning, Most simple past verbs are formed by adding -ed to a
(d) Our plane arrived on lime. verb, as in (a), (c), and (d).
(e) I ale breakfast this morning. Some verbs have irregular past forms, as in (b), (e), and (f).
(f) Sue took a taxi to the airport.
Lihat contoh-contoh dan perubahan kata kerja beraturan pada hal 7.21, dan tidak
beraturan pada hal 7.22.
GRAMMAR FOCUS

Kalimat pernyataan, menyangkal, dan pertanyaan, serta bentuk jawabanya:

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Perubahan Kata Kerja Beraturan dan Tidak Beraturan:

Lihat pula RANGKUMAN dan kerjakan latihan modul pada hal. 7.25, 7.28, dan
7.30.

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