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This is what I have read and what I know

till now
A microcontroller is a small and low-cost computer built for the
purpose of dealing with specific tasks, such as displaying
information in a microwave LED or receiving information from a
televisions remote control. Microcontrollers are mainly used in
products that require a degree of control to be exerted by the
Microcontroller has a following advantage over microprocessor as
it is of low cost, less power usage and it also usually consists of
RAM, ROM, CPU, I/O ports.
Mitrocontroller has an input device in order to get the input and
ouput device (such as LED or LCD) to display the final process. Let
us take an example of television. Television has an remote control
as an input device and TV screen as an output device. The signal
sent to the remote control is captured by the microcontroller. The
microcontroller controls the channel selection, amplifier system
and picture tube adjustment such as hue, brightness etc.
Features of microcontrollers
Architectural features:
Most microcontrollers built today are based on the CISC (Complex
Instruction Set Computer) platform. A typical CISC microcontroller
has over 80 instructions and it is quite common for the
instructions to all behave quite differently.
The main advantage of CISC architecture is that the instructions
are macro-like, allowing the programmer to use one instruction in
place of many simpler instructions.


Advanced Memory features:

a. Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
Many microcontrollers use the economic EEPROM for smaller
amount of memory that have frequently changeable data. This
type of memory is relatively slow, and the number of erase/write
cycles allowed in its lifetime is limited.
Flash provides microcontrollers with a better solution than
EEPROM for requirements of large amounts in non-volatile
program memory. EPROM is faster and permits more erase/write
cycles than EEPROM.
Power Management features
A majority of microcontrollers usually support an operation of 3 5.5 V. As consumer goods become trendier, compact and lighter,
the focus is on microcontrollers to ensure that products with less
power usage are efficiently built and then used by end-users.

Here in the above circuit, we need to rectify the 220V dc into ac

circuit because electronics works only in dc circuit and at low
voltage. Now we connect the whole circuit to the microcontroller
in such a manner so that we can control the work. Each comprises
bulb with 220V, switch and button. So they are connected in six
ways through the microcontroller. Now the input will goes through
microcontroller, and microcontroller will take the decision who
press the button first and than those portion will goes to switch
and it glow the bulb and will display out the final output.

I have also read a few things about arduino as how it works, how
the code is compiled through it and then what ouput it yields. I
am still continuing with it.