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# SOUTHVILLE 1 NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL

## SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL

DIAGNOSTIC TEST IN GENERAL MATHEMATICS
Name: ______________________________________________
________________________________
Teacher: ___________________________________________
_____________________________________________

&

Section:

Date:

## I. Write the letter of the correct answer on the space provided.

_________1. What type of function would best represent the situation stated below?
A user is charged P300 monthly for a particular mobile plan which includes
100 free text messages for all networks and 300mb of data usage. Messages in
excess of 100 is charged P1 each.
a. linear function b. power function c. piece-wise function
d.
logarithmic function
_________2. What is the value of the function f ( x )=2 x+ 1
a. 4
b. 31
c. 26
_________3. If f ( x )=2 x+ 7 and p ( x )=x 3 , then what is
a. 2x 6
b. 2x + 14
c. 2x 10

x=1.5 ?

if

d. 3.5

f (p ( x ) ) ?
d. 2x + 1

_________4. Mark started selling snacks in the nearby school. In one day, he spends
P200 for rent and P25 for each snack item he prepares. His expenses in a single day
can be expressed as the function
C ( x )=25 x+ 200 , where x is the number of items and C(x) is his daily expenses in
pesos. How much are his expenses if he prepares 100 snack items?
a. P2000
b. P2700
c. P3000
d. P3500
_________5. The local barangay received a budget of P100,000 to provide medical
checkups for the children in the barangay. The amount is to be allotted among all
the children in the barangay. Write the equation representing the relationship of the
allotted amount per child (y) versus the total number of children (x).
a.

y=100000 x

b.

y=100000+ x

c.

y=100000x

d.

y=

100000
x

## _________6. Which of the following can be classified as a rational equation?

a.

y=

f ( x )=x 2 +2 x +1 b.

x+1
2
=x
x2

c.

x2=4

d.

x+ 3
2

a. 5/2

b. 3/2

2 3 1
= ?
x 2x 5
c.

d. 7/2

## _________8. Which function is represented by the graph given below:

a.

y=

x2
x +1

b.

y=

x1
x +1

c.

y=

x2
x +2

d.

y=

x
x+ 1

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## _________9. What is the domain of the function illustrated in item #8?

a. ( ,2)(2, )
c. ( ,2 ]
b. (, 2) (2, )
d. (, 2 ]
_________10. Past records from a factory producing electronic components show that
on average, new employees can assemble N(t) components per day after t days of
training, where
a.
d.

N ( t )=

N (t)
N (t) 0

75 t
, t 0 . What happens when
t +5
b. N (t )5

t ?
c.

N (t)75

## _________11. Which situation indicates a one-to-one function?

a. pairing of an SSS member to his or her SSS number
b. pairing a real number to its square
c. pairing a person to his or her citizenship
d. pairing a distance traveled along a given jeepney route to the jeepney fare

x +3
c.
3

a. x + 1
d.

b. x + 3

x1
3

## _________13. Which of the following table of values represent the inverse of

f ( x )=x +5 ?
a.
b.
0 1 2
x 0 1 2 2
1
2 1
y 3 4 5 6 7
0 1 2
x - c.0 d. 1 x
2 2
1
2 1
y y 3
4
5
6
7
_________14.
Which of the following statement is TRUE
7 6 5 4 3
if p(x) is the
inverse of f(x)?
x
a.
The
domain of p(x) is the domain of f(x).
y 7 6 5 4 3
b.
The
domain of p(x) is the range of f(x).
c. The range of p(x) is the range of f(x).
d. The domain and range of p(x) is the same as that of f(x).
_________15. Complete the statement below:
If we plot the inverse of a function, we reflect the original function about the
line ______________.
a. y=2 x
b. y=x
c. y=2 x
d. y=x
_________16. Engineers have determined that the maximum force t in tons that a
particular bridge can carry is related to the distance d in meters between its
supports by the following function:

12.5
t ( d )=
d

( )

a.
d.

12.5
3 t
d ( t )=12.5 t

d ( t )=

b.

d ( t )=

12.5
t

c.

d ( t )=

12.5
t

## _________17. Which of the following situations illustrate an exponential function?

a. The population of bacteria doubles every three days.
b. The number of students increases by 500 annually.
c. The price of the house depreciates yearly.
d. The amount to be paid for computer rentals is P20 per hour.

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## _________18. Which of the following is an exponential inequality?

a. 625 x 8
b. 625 5+ x
c. 625 5 x+8

d.

625 5 x +8

_________19. What is x if
a. 1

x1

=16 ?

b. 2

c. 3

d. 4

## _________20. Which of the following is TRUE about the graph of y=2 x ?

a. As x increases without bound, the function approaches 0.
b. As x decreases without bound, the function approaches 0.
c. As x increases without bound, the function intersects 0.
d. As x decreases without bound, the function intersects 0.
_________21. Which of the following is NOT a property of the exponential function of
the form
f ( x )=b x ?
a. The domain is the set of R .
c. The range is the set of R .
b. It is a one-to-one function.
d. The y-intercept is 1.
_________22. Which of the following is TRUE about the graph of
a. Its y-intercept is 1.
b. Its graph is increasing from left to right.

1
2

()

g (x )=

c. Its x-intercept is 0.
d. Its asymptote is the y-axis.

__________23. A population starts with 1,000 individuals and triples every 80 years.
What is the population after 100 years?
a. 2549
b. 3250
c. 2958
d. 3948
__________24. Which of the following is the logarithmic form of 53=125 ?
a. log 5 125=3
b. log 3 125=5
c. log 5 3=125
d. log 125 3=5
__________25. What is x in log x 16=2 ?
a. 2
b. 4

c. 6

d. 8

__________26. Suppose you have seats to a concert featuring your favorite musical
artist. Find the approximate decibel level associated if a typical concerts sound
intensity is 10-2 W/m2.
a. 10 dB
b. 50 dB
c. 100 dB
d. 200 dB
__________27. Express
a.

ln ( x y )

2 ln x ln y
b.

2x
ln
y

as a single logarithm.

( )

c.

2 xy
()
ln

d.

ln

x2
y

( )

## __________28. Which of the following logarithmic function is the inverse of

a. y=log x 2
b. y=log 2 x
c. x=log x 2
y=log
2
d.
y
__________29. Which of the following is TRUE about the graph of

y=2 x ?

y=log 1 x ?
2

a. As x approaches zero from the right, the function increases without bound.
b. As x approaches zero from the left, the function increases without bound.
c. As x approaches zero from the right, the function approaches 1.
d. As x approaches zero from the left, the function approaches 1.

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_________30. How much interest is charged when P50,000 is borrowed for 9 months
at an annual simple interest rate of 10%?
a. P3,000
b. P9,500
c. P5,050
d. P3,750
_________31. What is the total amount of money in a savings account after t years at
an interest rate r?
a. principal
b. interest
c. maturity value d. term
_________32. At what simple interest rate per annum will P25,000 accumulate to
P33,000 in 5 years?
a. 6.4%
b. 12%
c. 7.2%
d. 5.5%
_________33. How much money should a student place in a time deposit in a bank
that pays 1.1% compounded annually so that he will have P200,000 after 6 years?
a. Around P190,000
b. Around P150,000
c.
Around
P100,000
d. Around P130,000
_________34. Accumulate P15,000 for 2 years at 15% on compounded interest.
a. P20,120.50
b. P23,150.72
c. P20,120.27
d. P23,120.50
_________35. How much time is needed for money to triple if invested at 9%
compounded semi-annually?
a. 10.5 years
b. 6.5 years
c. 15.5 years
d.
12.5
years
_________36. Which of the following refers to a sequence of payments made at equal
(fixed) intervals or periods of time?
a. annuity
b. mortgage
c. amortization
d.
investment
_________37. Paolo borrowed P100,000. He agrees to pay the principal plus interest
by payingan equal amount of money each year for 3 years. What should be his
annual payment if interest is 8% compounded annually?
a. P38,803.35
b. P42,367.25
c. P35,327.50
d. P34,637.50
_________38. Find the present value for the annual payments of P1,000 at the end of
each term for 8 years with interest rate of 6% compounded quarterly.
a. P6,176.42
b. P9,946.04
c. P6,136.40
d. P7,794.58
_________39. What kind of annuity does not begin until a given time interval has
passed?
a. ordinary
b. annual
c. immediate
d. deferred
_________40. Emma availed of a cash loan that gave her an option to pay P10,000
monthly for 1 year. The first payment is due after 6 months. How much is the
present value of the loan if the interest rate is 12% converted monthly?
a. P39,441.14
b. P107,088.20
c. P1,089,533.99 d.
P57,922.41
_________41. Which of the following is a form of equity financing or raising money by
allowing investors to be part owners of the company?
a. bond
b. stock
c. savings
d.
loan
_________42. Which is a form of debt financing or raising money by borrowing from
investors?
a. bond
b. stock
c. savings
d.
loan

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## _________43. A certain corporation declared a 3% dividend on a stock with a par

value of P500. Mrs. Ligaya owns 200 shares of stock with a par value of P500. How
much is the dividend she received?
a. P5000
b. P2,500
c. P2000
d. P3000
_________44. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of bonds?
a. A form of debt financing or raising money by borrowing from investors.
b. Investors are guaranteed interest payments and a return of their money at
the maturity
date.
c. Investors can earn if the security prices increase, but they can lose money
if the security
prices decrease or worse if the company goes bankrupt.
d. It can be appropriate for retirees (because of the guaranteed fixed income)
or for those
who need the money soon.
________45. What type of loan is illustrated by the situation below:
Roan has a computer shop. She owns 6 computers. She decided to borrow
some money from the bank to buy 10 more computers.
a. Consumer Loan b. Business Loan c. Investors Loan d. Single Loan
________46. Mr. Catapang obtained a 10-year mortgage for P1,200,000. If his
monthly payment is P39,500, how much is the total interest?
a. P340,000
b. P820,000
c. P540,000
d. P450,000
________47. Which of the following is NOT a proposition?
a. Jose Rizal is our National Hero.
b. 2.5 is an integer.
c. Ferdinand Magellan did not arrive in Philippines in 1521.
d. Smile at your seatmate.
________48. Express the proposition below in symbols.
p: Victor has a date with Liza.
q: Janree is sleeping.
r:
Eumir is eating.
Either Victor has a date with Liza or Janree is sleeping or Eumir is eating.
a. ( p q) r
b. ( p q)r
c. p(q r )
d.

( p q)( p r )
________49. Complete the statement. A proposition that is always true is called a
tautology, while a proposition that is always false is called a ____________________.
b. fallacy
c. hoax
d. argument
________50. Let p, q and r be propositions, which of the following illustrates Modus
Ponens in propositional form?
a.

(( p q) p) q

b.

( ( p q ) ( q ) ) p

( p q)( p) q

( p q)(p q)
c.

d.

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