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May 2010
1
MATHEMATICS S/T PAPER 2
ANSWER SCHEME
1. Express 5 sin θ + 5 cos θ in the form r cos (θ – α) where
r > 0 and 0 < α < 90
o
. Hence solve the equation
5 sin θ + 5 cos θ = 1 for 0
o
< θ < 360
o
. [6]
SETARA 2008
Answer:
5 sin θ + 5 cos θ = r cos (θ – α)
= r (cosθ cos α + sin θ sin α) B1
= r sin α sin θ + r cos α cosθ
r sin α = 5 …….(1)
r cos α = 5 …….(2) M1
α
α
cos
sin
r
r
=
5
5
tan α = 1 M1
α = 45
o
From (1) : r sin 45
o
= 5 r = 5 2
5 sin θ + 5 cos θ = 5 2 cos (θ – 45
o
) A1
5 sin θ + 5 cos θ = 1
5 2 cos (θ – 45
o
) =1
cos (θ – 45
o
) =
2 5
1
θ – 45
o
= 81.87
o
, 278.13
o
M1
θ = 126.87
o
,323.13
o
A1[6]
Total (6)
2. Points A and B are located on the side XY of triangle
XYZ, with XA=AB=BY. Points C and D are on the sides
YZ and XZ respectively such that ABCD is a rhombus.
Prove that ∠XZY = 90
o
. [6]
STPM 2002 Q2
Answer (2) :
Given XA=AB=BY and AB=BC=CD=AD (rhombus)
So XA=AD , ∆XAD is an isosceles triangle and
∠ ZXY = ∠XDA ………(I) M1
∠DAY = 2 ∠ ZXY …….(II) M1
(external angle of a triangle =sum of 2 nonadjacent
interior angles)
∠ CBY=∠ DAY ………(III) M1
(a pair corresponding angle, AD // BC)
∆BCY is an isosceles triangle, BC=BY and
∠BCY = ∠BYC ……….(IV) M1
Sum of angles in ∆ BCY
∠BCY + ∠BYC + ∠CBY = 180
o
∠BYC + ∠BYC + ∠DAY = 180
o
(Substitute (IV), (III))
2 ∠BYC + 2 ∠ ZXY = 180
o
(Substitute (II))
∠BYC + ∠ ZXY = 90
o
………..(V) M1
Sum of angles in ∆ XYZ,
∠XZY + ∠BYC + ∠ ZXY = 180
o
∠XZY + 90
o
= 180
o
(Substitute (V))
∠XZY = 90
o
A1[6]
Total (6)
3. If the angle between the vectors a =
4
8
 

\ ¹
and b =
1
p
 

\ ¹
is
135
o
, find the value of p. [6] STPM06Q2
Answer (3):
a • b =
4
8
 

\ ¹
•
1
p
 

\ ¹
= (4)(1) + (8)( p)= 4 +8 p. B1
 a  =
2 2
8 4 + = 80
 b =
2 2
1 p + B1
Formula : a • b =  a  b cos θ θθ θ
4 +8 p = 80
2 2
1 p + cos 135
o
M1
[4 +8 p]
2
= [ 80
2 2
1 p + cos 135
o
]
2
M1
16 + 64p +64 p
2
= (80) (1+ p
2
) (
2
1
)
16 + 64p +64 p
2
= 40 + 40 p
2
24 p
2
+ 64 p – 24 = 0 A1
3 p
2
+ 8 p – 3 = 0
(3 p –1) (p +3)=0
p =
3
1
, p = – 3
The correct answer p = – 3 A1[6]
Total (6)
4. A boat is travelling at a speed of 30 knots. A yacht is
sailing northwards at a speed of 10 knots. At 1300 hours,
the boat is 14 nautical miles to the northeast of the yacht.
(a) Determine the direction in which the boat should
be travelling in order to intercept the yacht. [4]
(b) At what time does the interception occur? [5]
STPM 2009 Q3
Answer (4) :
Boat
~
B
v
Yacht
~
Y
v
Velocity Boat relative to
yacht
~
BY
v
30 knots 10 knots
due N to NE
D1
X Y
C
B A
Z
D
~
BY
v
10
~
=
Y
v
30
~
=
B
v
45
o
θ
954/2 Confidential
May 2010
2
30
10
~
Y
v
~
Y B
v
~
B
v
45º
θ
sin sin 45
10 30
θ °
= M1
θ = 13.63º or 13° 38’ A1
Direction = 45
o
+ 13.63º = S58.63º
Direction is towards S58.6ºW or S58.63ºW or S58º38’W
or 238.63° or 239° A1 [4]
(b) angle between v
B
and v
Y
= 180° − 13.63º − 45° M1
= 121.37
o

~
BY
v
 =
2 2
10 30 2(10)(30) cos121.37 + − ° or using sine
rule M1
= 36.22 sine rule or 36.23 cosine rule A1
t =
14
36.22
M1
= 23 min 11 sec
time of the interception occur = 1323 or 1.23pm A1[9]
Total = (9)
5. Prove that sum of two opposite interior angles of a cyclic
quadrilateral equals 180
o
. [3]
In the above diagram, two circles PAOBR and AQSB intersect at
A and B and O is the centre of the circle AQSB. The lines AB and
OR intersect at T.
(i) Show that RP is parallel to SQ. [3]
(ii) Show that triangles AOT and BRT are similar. [4]
SETARA 2008
∠ATC=2∠ABC (angle at centre is twice angle at circumference)
reflex ∠ATC = 2 ∠ APC (angle at centre is twice angle at
circumference) B1
∠ATC + reflex ∠ATC = 360
o
(angle at a point)
2∠ABC + 2∠APC = 360
o
B1
2(∠ABC + ∠APC) = 2(180
o
)
∠ABC + ∠APC = 180
o
Sum of two opposite interior angles of a cyclic quadrilateral equals
180
o
. B1 [3]
(i) Let ∠ APR = α
∠ ABR = 180
o
– α (opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral)
∠ AQS = ∠ ABR (exterior angle of cyclic quadrilateral) B1
= 180
o
– α
∠ APR + ∠AQS = α + (180
o
– α) B1
= 180
o
Therefore RP is parallel to SQ (supplementary angles) B1[3]
(ii) ∠ OAT = ∠ TRB (angles in the same segment) B1
∠ OTA = ∠ BTR (vertically opposite angles) B1
∠ AOT = ∠ RBT (sum of angles of a triangle = 180
o
) B1
(angles in the same segment)
Therefore Δ AOT and Δ BRT are similar B1[4]
Total = (10)
6. Show that cosec x + cot x = cot
2
x
. [3]
Hence , (i) Find the exact values of tan 15
o
and tan 67.5
o
in the simplest surd form. [6]
(ii) Find
∑
=

¹

\

50
1
2
cos
k
k
ec
π
in the form cot

¹

\

c
π
where c
is an integer to be determined. [5]
SETARA 2008
Answer :
cosec x + cot x =
x sin
1
+
x
x
sin
cos
=
x
x
sin
cos 1+
=
2
cos
2
sin 2
) 1
2
cos 2 ( 1
2
x x
x
− +
M1
=
2
cos
2
sin 2
2
cos 2
2
x x
x
=
2
sin
2
cos
x
x
M1
= cot
2
x
A1[3]
954/2 Confidential
May 2010
3
Substitute x=30
o
: cosec 30
o
+ cot 30
o
= cot
2
30
o
M1
o
30 sin
1
+
o
30 tan
1
= cot 15
o
o
30 sin
1
+
o
30 tan
1
=
o
5 1 tan
1
2 + 3 =
o
5 1 tan
1
tan 15
o
=
3 + 2
1
=
) 3 (2 ) 3 + (2
3 2
−
−
M1
tan 15
o
=
) ) 3 ( (2
3 2
2 2
−
−
= 2 – 3 A1
Substitute x=135
o
cosec 135
o
+ cot 135
o
= cot
2
135
o
M1
2 – 1 = cot (67
2
1
o
)
tan(67
2
1
o
) =
1 2
1
−
= 2 + 1 M1A1 [6]
Using cosec x + cot x = cot
2
x
cosec
2
k
π
+ cot
2
k
π
= cot
2
2
k
π
cosec
2
k
π
+ cot
2
k
π
= cot
1
2
k
π
+
cosec
2
k
π
= cot
1
2
k
π
+
− cot
2
k
π
M1
∴
∑
=

¹

\

50
1
2
cos
k
k
ec
π
=
50
1
1
cot cot
2 2
k k
k
π π
+
=
−
∑
= [cot
2
2
π
− cot
1
2
π
] + M1
[cot
3
2
π
− cot
2
2
π
] +
……………….
[cot
50
2
π
− cot
49
2
π
]+
[cot
51
2
π
− cot
50
2
π
] M1
= cot
51
2
π
− cot
1
2
π
A1
= cot
51
2
π
A1[5]
where c=2
51
Total =(14)
7. There are 12 towels, two of which are red. If five towels
are chosen at random, find the probability that at least one
is red. STPM 2008 Q7 [ 4 ]
Answer (7):
P( at least one is red )
=
10 2
4 1
12
5
C C
C
×
+
10 2
3 2
12
5
C
C
C ×
B1M1M1
= 0.682 or 0.6818 or
15
22
A1[4]
Total =(4)
8. It is known that 5% of the durians produced at an orchard
do not bear fleshy fruit. 50 durian fruits are selected
randomly. By using a suitable approximation, calculate
the probability that at least 3 do not bear fleshy fruit. [4]
Answer (8):
X = number of durians produced at an orchard that do not
bear fleshy fruit
X~ B(50 , 0.05)
Mean = np = 50 x 0.05 = 2.5
Suitable approximation is Poisson distribution with µ = 2.5 B1
X ~ P
o
(2.5)
P(X ≥ 3) = 1 – P(X < 3) B1
= 1 – [ P(X=0)+ P(X=1) + P(X=2) ]
= 1 – [
! 0
) 5 . 2 (
0 5 . 2 −
e
+
! 1
) 5 . 2 (
1 5 . 2 −
e
+
! 2
) 5 . 2 (
2 5 . 2 −
e
] M1
= 1 – [0.08208+0.20521+0.25652]
= 0.45619 = 0.4562 or 0.456 A1[4]
Total =(4)
9. In a basket of mangoes and papayas, 70% of mangoes and
60% of papayas are ripe. If 40% of the fruits in the basket
are mangoes,
(a)find the percentage of the fruits which are ripe, [ 3 ]
(b)find the percentage of the ripe fruits which are
mangoes. [ 4 ]
Answer (9):STPM 2008 Q9
(i) the percentage of the fruits which are ripe
= P(M∩R)+ P(Y∩R)
= (0.4 × 0.7) + (0.6 × 0.6) B1M1
= 0.64 Percentage of ripe fruits is 64% A1 [3]
P(RM)=0.7
R P(M∩R)=0.28
A
P(M)=0.4 P(R’M)=0.3
R’ P(M∩R’)=0.12
P(Y)=0.6 P(RY)=0.6
R P(Y∩R)=0.36
A’
P(R’Y)=0.4
R’P(Y∩R’)=0.24
954/2 Confidential
May 2010
4
P(M1R) =
) (
) (
R P
M R P ∩
B1
=
) 60 . 0 ( 60 . 0 ) 70 . 0 ( 40 . 0
) 70 . 0 ( 40 . 0
+
B1M1
= 0.4375
Percentage = 43.75% A1[4]
Total=(7)
10. An unbiased cubical die has the number 1 on three faces,
the number 2 on two faces and the number 3 on one face.
The die is rolled twice and X is the total score. Find the
probability distribution of X. [2] Show that E(X)=
10
3
and Var(X)=
10
9
. [6]
Answer (10):
3 4 4 4 5 5 6
2 3 3 3 4 4 5
2 3 3 3 4 4 5
1 2 2 2 3 3 4
1 2 2 2 3 3 4
1 2 2 2 3 3 4
1 1 1 2 2 3
M1
Probability distribution
x 2 3 4 5 6 Total
P(X=x) 9
36
=
1
4
12
36
=
1
3
10
36
=
5
18
4
36
=
1
9
1
36
1
A1[2]
or
x 2 3 4 5 6 Total
P(X=x) 9
36
=
1
4
12
36
=
1
3
10
36
=
5
18
4
36
=
1
9
1
36
1
E(X) = ∑[x. P(X=x)]
= 2(
9
36
)+3(
12
36
)+4(
10
36
)+5(
4
36
)+6(
1
36
) M1
=
10
3
A1
E(X
2
) = ∑[x
2
. P(X=x)]
= 2
2
(
9
36
)+3
2
(
12
36
)+4
2
(
10
36
)+5
2
(
4
36
)+6
2
(
1
36
) M1
=
110
9
A1
Var(X) = E(X
2
) – [E(X)]
2
=
110
9
– [
10
3
]
2
M1
=
10
9
A1[6]
Total = (8)
11. The pulse rates, in beats per minute, of a random sample of 21
small animals are shown below.
104 108 109 112 113 115
117 120 120 124 125 128
129 132 134 138 139 145
148 149 175
(i) Draw a stemandleaf diagram to represent the data. [2]
(ii) Find the median and the semi interquartile range. [4]
(iii) Draw a boxandwhisker plot. [3]
(i) The pulse rates, in beats per minute, of 21 small animals
10 4 8 9
11 2 3 5 7
12 0 0 4 5 8 9
13 2 4 8 9
14 5 8 9
15
16
17 5 B1
Key : 10  4 means 104 beats per minute B1
(ii) Median
r=(
2
1
)(21)=10.5 , So Median = x
11
= 125 B1
First quartile
r=(
4
1
)(21)=5.25, So Q
1
= x
6
= 115
Third quartile
r=(
4
3
)(21)=15.75, So Q
3
= x
16
= 138 B1
Semi interquartile range =
2
1
(Q
3
– Q
1
) =
2
1
(138–115) M1
= 11.5 A1[4]
(iii) 1.5(Q
3
– Q
1
)= 1.5 (138–115)= 34.5
Lower boundary = 115 – 34.5 = 80.5
Upper boundary = 138 + 34.5 = 172.5
Any value ∉ [80.5, 172.5] is an outlier.
So 175 is an outlier.
104 115 125 138 149 175
B1B1B1 [3]
Total = (9)
o
954/2 Confidential
May 2010
5
12. The table below shows the length of 200 fish of a certain
type of tropical fish that are randomly selected in a study
carried out at a freshwater rearing centre.
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
04 49 9
14
14
19
19
24
24
29
29
34
34
39
39
44
44
49
49
54
54
59
59
64
64
69
Length of fish (x mm)
F
r
e
q
u
e
n
c
y
G1 G1 G1 G1
The distribution is skewed to the left ( i.e. negatively skewed )
A1 [5]
(ii) Median = L
B
+
M
c
f
[
1
2
N−F
B
]
= 44 +
5
69
[
1
2
(200) − 69] B1 for the correct value i.e. 44,
M1 formula substitute correct
= 46.25 mm A1 [3]
(iii) Using the coding formula
x a
u
b
−
= , a= 46.5 , b=5
Midpoint
x
f
46.5
5
x
u
−
=
fu fu
2
14.5 0 −6.4 0 0
31.5 8 −3 −24 72
36.5 19 −2 −38 76
41.5 42 −1 −42 42
46.5 69 0 0 0
51.5 34 1 34 34
56.5 23 2 46 92
61.5 5 3 15 45
∑
200
− −− −9 361
M1 all values of u correct
M1 value for total of fu
M1 value for total of fu
2
9
200
fu
u
f
−
= =
∑
∑
B1
2
2
( )
u
fu
S u
f
= −
∑
∑
=
2
361 9
( )
200 200
−
− =1.3427 B1
Mean, x = a +bu = 46.5 + 5
9
200
−  

\ ¹
= 46.275
x = 46.28 mm (2d.p) A1 (exact)
Stdard deviation,
x
S =b
u
S
=5(1.3427) = 6.71mm A1[7] (exact)
Total(15)
Length of fish (x mm) Frequency
0 < x ≤29 0
29< x ≤34 8
34< x ≤39 19
39< x ≤44 42
44< x ≤49 69
49< x ≤54 34
54< x ≤59 23
59< x ≤64 5
(i) Plot a histogram for the above data, and draw the frequency
polygon on the histogram. State the shape of the distribution of
the data above. [5]
(ii) Calculate the approximate median length of the fish. [3]
(iii) By using the method of coding , taking 46.5 mm as the
assumed mean and 5 as the scaling factor, find the mean and
the standard deviation of the length of the fish correct to 2
decimal places. [7]