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EXPERIMENT NO:

DATE:

DIFFERENT SPEED CONTROL TECHNIQUES OF THREE PHASE INDUCTION


MOTOR DRIVE USING PLC BASED ETHERNET ENABLED SYSTEM
AIM
To make a comparative study between the different speed control techniques of three phase
Induction motor drive.
EQUIPMENTS REQUIRED
1. Three phase Power supply unit.
2. Induction Motor
3. PLC based Ethernet enabled drive.
4. Ammeter, voltmeter & tachometer.
5. Banana connectors.
CONNECTION PROCEDURE
1. Connect the power supply to the input of the drive system.
2. Connect the output of the drive to the motor.
3. Connect the earth connection.
EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE
1. Verify the connections as per the connection procedure.
2. Switch ON the drive and wait for some time for enabling the drive.
3. Power ON the motor.
4. Choose the mode of control (Panel view mode / motor terminal end mode).
5. Choose the method of speed control.
6. Vary the speed with in a particular range and note down the readings for two particular speeds.
7. Choose other methods of speed control and repeat the step 6.
8. Choose another mode of control and repeat the step 6 & 7.
9. Switch OFF the power supply of the motor and remove the connections.
THEORY
Volts / Hz (V/f) Control
The drive monitors total current - no current resolver, cannot distinguish between Id from Iq.
What is Vector Control?
The ability to independently identify and control the flux and torque producing components of
current in a motor for the purpose of accurate torque and power control.
Sensor less Vector Control
The ability to sense the torque current and keep flux current constant throughout the operation
for the purpose of better control of Motor Speed / Torque.
Flux Vector Control
The ability to independently control the flux and torque in a motor for the purpose of accurate
torque and power control.

Block Diagram representation of V/f control of Induction motor

Block Diagram representation of Sensorless Vector control of Induction motor

Block Diagram representation of Flux Vector control of Induction motor

OBSERVATION
PANEL VIEW MODE

Method of
Control

Speed in
rpm

Supply
Voltage in
volts

Rated
Current
in Amp

Torque
Component
of Current
in Amp

Flux
Component
of Current
in Amp

Power in
kW

V/f control

Sensorless
vector
control
Flux vector
control

MOTOR TERMINAL END


Method of
Speed in rpm
Control
V/f control

Sensorless
vector control
Flux vector
control

INFERENCE:

Supply Voltage in
volts

Rated Current in
Amp

VIVA QUESTIONS
1. Describe V/f method of speed control of Induction motor.
2. Describe sensorless vector method of speed control of Induction motor.
3. Describe flux vector method of speed control of Induction motor.
4. Compare between the above three methods of speed control.
5. Draw the torquespeed characteristics, speedstator current,+ torqueslip characteristics
of three phase Induction motor.