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CLASSIFICATION FOR FLOATING UNIT

L. JAMSIR SABARA PT. GLNUSANTARA (GL NOBLE DENTON)


KMI Goes To ITS OCEANO 2010 : Surabaya, 22 February 2010

DEFINITIONS

Classification
to Class Society Rules
GL Rules for a Offshore Technology
GL Rules for Ships

Certification
to Regulations and Codes

Verification
to Performance Standards

No. 2

Classification :

Ships are built in accordance with Rule and Regulation of


Classification Society.

Classification is controlling strength and quality of material and

workmanship in connection with the ship, when built under class

Classification Society issues a certificate upon completion of


construction : THE CERTIFICATE OF CLASS, for Hull and
Machinery.

No. 3

What is FPSO?
FPSO = Floating Production Storage & Offloading
BW Offshore : An FPSO unit is a type of floating tank
system designed to process and store crude oil. An FPSO
unit typically has onboard the capability to carry out the oil
separation process, obviating the need for such facilities to
be located on the fixed platform. The processed oil is
periodically offloaded onto shuttle tankers or ocean-going
barges for transport to shore. (BW Group)
www.oilgasglossary.com: is a type of floating tank system
used by the offshore oil and gas industry and designed to take
all of the oil or gas produced from nearby platforms or
templates, process it, and store it until the oil or gas can be
offloaded onto a tanker or transported through a pipeline

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Defenition :

Pasal 1 ayat 36 UU No. 17 Tahun 2008 : Kapal adalah kendaraan

air dengan bentuk dan jenis tertentu, yang digerakan dengan


tenaga angin, tenaga mekanik, energi lainnya, ditarik atau ditunda,
termasuk kendaraan yang berdaya dukung dinamis, kendaraan
dibawah permukaan air, serta alat apung dan bangunan terapung
yang tidak berpindah-pindah.

UKOOA FPSO Design Guidance Note March 2002

(..Production equipment represent only a small portion, typically 5


7% of total displacement.)

No. 5

IMPLICATION :
FPSO, FSO, FSRU, FDPSO, MODU and all floating facilities in Indonesia
are defined as SHIPS.

The consequence of SHIP is, Periodically Bottom Survey is mandatory


according to Classification Rules & SOLAS Chapter I Part B Reg.10

No. 6

Floating Units need going to dry-dock on every


Bottom Surveys?

SOLAS ChI, PtB, Reg 10 (v)

Normally bottom survey for ships < 10 years old or carrying 12


passengers are required to be carried out at dry-dock.

No. 7

Classification Survey Period :


INTERMEDIATE
INITIAL
(SPECIAL)

1ST ANNUAL

2ND ANNUAL

6 MONTH

6 MONTH

3RD ANNUAL

6 MONTH

3 MONTHS EACH SIDE

Max 5 years

No. 8

4TH ANNUAL

6 MONTH

SPECIAL

IF Floating Units have to be going to dry-docks


periodically, the consequences are:

Operational Shutdown
Complicated for disconnect of turret & subsea systems, and

reconnect the system back for operation.


Owner will have difficulties in seeking of short term period charter
(only during dry docking period) of replacing floaters.
Change of Offloading Mode due to change of temporary replacing
floaters.
High risk on economical loss.
Floating Units normally within above constrains So, Are they need
going to dry dock on every bottom surveys? ( NO WAY !!!)

No. 9

WHAT MAKES AN FPSO DIFFERENT FROM A


TRADING TANKER?
Operations and safety requirements (Variable cargo & draft
level, and any hull structural failure will impact to environment
consequences)

Layout and arrangement


Specified service / location
Different Classification Rules
National / Local Authority Rules and Regulations
Complexity of design, construction & commissioning
No. 10

WHAT MAKES AN FPSO DIFFERENT FROM A


TRADING TANKER?........CTD

In-situ inspection / maintenance


Increased hull load due to weathervaning of harsh

environment, with no avoidance and the effect of noncollinear environment.


Economical requirements to keep the floaters stationed for
field life (15-20 years), & problems on performing hull
maintenance and in-situ repair
Shutdown will causes high economic penalty
No. 11

So, FPSO (or others Floating Unit shall regard


different from Classification point of view.
During design or conversion shall be provide
strength on structural, cathodic protection to
sustain according to deployment period
without dry docking

Using Rule for Floating Offshore Technology

instead of Rule for Ship Construction as main


Rules and using Notation as Floating Offshore
Installation.

Class can be applied on full floating facilities

(hull & topside) or just in the hull and marine


system, where the topside can be designed to
international industrial standard/codes.
No. 12

FPSO (or others Floating Unit) shall under


Classification :

Most FPSO owners choose to built their facilities to class rule and

some also maintain the class for insurance, mortgage & marketing
purposes.

Class rule has better detail in hull & marine system due to societies
background in ship classification.

But, It should be noted that using classification society rules does


not release the owners for preparing design philosophy, design
basis & functional specification.

No. 13

Classification Covers
Classification
Certification
Optional

Helideck

Craneage

Power generation,
process plant,
area drainage

Hull and Marine


Systems

Turret and
swivel

Risers
Mooring
System

Survey of Floating Units


Classification: Hull & Machinery
Statutory: Construction & Marine System

SOLAS SafCon, SafEq, SafRad, SafNav, Dangerous Goods, ISM & ISPS
Code
MODU Code in lieu of SOLAS
MARPOL (depend on the flag administration)
- Annex I Oil Pollution Prevention
- Annex II Noxious Liquid Substance
- Annex III Harmful Substances in Package
- Annex IV Sewage Pollution Prevention
- Annex V Garbage Pollution Prevention
- Annex VI Air Pollution Prevention

No. 15

Survey of Floating Unitsctd


COLREG Navigation Lights
STCW 95 Manning
Flag Regulations Seacom of Indonesia, MPA of Singapore,

MCA of UK, NOPSA of Australia, etc


Topside Facilities:
International Industrial/ Oil & Gas Standards & Specifications
Whole Unit: Asset Integrity Management

No. 16

Its time to Survey


KN FPSO Hull Refurbishment

No. 17

Rules for Floating Unit :

No. 18

Thank you for your attention!

No. 19