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Catalog | 2014

Time, staircase lighting,


twilight switches and thermostats
Solutions for comfort, energy saving
and simple automations

Table of contents

ABBs solutions for temperature regulation and lighting control


to suit specific requirements
AT electro-mechanical time switches
ATP electro-mechanical time switches for panel mounting

2
4
10

D Line digital time switches

14

D 365 Line yearly digital time switches

26

E 232 staircase lighting time-delay switches with switch-off warning

36

T Line twilight switches and TWA astronomical twilight switches

42

THS modular thermostats

52

Guide to installation in residential buildings

58

Guide to installation in commercial buildings

62

Guide to installation in industrial buildings

66

Guide to installation in the agrifood sector

70

Order codes

72

Wiring diagrams

74

Overall dimensions

77

Frequent queries and problem-solving

80

Glossary 81

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 1

ABBs solutions for temperature regulation and lighting control


to suit specific requirements

To control the activation of electrical loads in an installation, and consequently,


improve their use and ensuring energy-efficient management, ABB offers a wide
range of switches to control the electric utilities as needed to suit the requirements
of a vast variety of applications.

2 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

Continual investments in research and development


have made ABB a reference point as manufacturer of
ground-breaking products that fully reflect the installation
requirements of even the most demanding customers.
ABBs target is to supply the market with products that are
pioneering as to design, energy efficiency, safety, functionality
and environmental impact. High performance, the utmost
reliability over time, silent operation and a compact design are

amongst the principal characteristics featured by the


AT electro-mechanical, D Line and D 365 Line digital time
switches, T Line twilight switches and TWA astronomical
twilight switches, E 232 staircase lighting switches and
THS modular thermostats. ABBs System pro M compact
load management devices are thus the ideal solution for
every requirement in the residential, services-providing and
industrial sectors.

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 3

AT electro-mechanical time switches

AT electro-mechanical time switches are especially needed in systems where


the controlgear is switched ON and OFF with long intervals between, e.g. 15-30
minutes for the daily versions and 2 hours for the weekly ones.

These electro-mechanical time switches are available in daily


and weekly version with 16A contact, 1NO for the 1 module
version and 1NO/NC for the 2 and 3 modules version. They
can be operated according to a program or they can be set to
a permanent ON function (ON-OFF for the 3-module version).

4 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

The -R type are equipped with an internal battery, which is


normally which enables them to maintain their timing function
even in case of lengthy power supply failures.
These switches are suitable for installation in the lighting
systems of shops, public buildings, schools, heating and
irrigation systems and so forth.

Main features
- The dial is clearly visible from the front
- Accurate and readable indication of the time
- The dial is completely accessible without tools
- Sealable and loss-proof cover to prevent unauthorised
access
- RoHS compliant

Other features of the range


- 200 hours running reserve for AT1-R, AT3-R and AT3-7R
and 150 hours for AT2-R and AT2-7R
- 1, 2 and 3 module versions
- Daily and weekly versions with and without reserve
- Loss-proof screw terminals
- Simple and compact design
- Minimum switching time:
- 15 for AT1, AT1-R, AT3 and AT3-R (daily versions)
- 30 for AT2 and AT2-R (daily versions)
- 210 for AT2-7R (weekly version)
- 120 for AT3-7R (weekly version)

How many modules do you need?


1 m odule is the right choice when you need to save space on
the DIN rail, but the switching dial is not fully readable.
3 m odules are ideal for a fully readable of the dial and thus
of the programming.
2 modules is the right compromise.

When you must to use the running reserve?


Always! The running reserve keeps the time switch
synchronized even in a blackout. Time switch without running
reserve has no battery. This means it is more economical, but
it needs to be regulated again after a power failure. It is only
suitable when the installation has an UPS.

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 5

AT electro-mechanical time switches

Technical specifications
AT1

AT1-R

AT2

AT2-R

AT2-7R

AT3

AT3-R

AT3-7R

230 AC 10%

230 AC 10%

230 AC 10%

230 AC 10%

230 AC 10%

230 AC 10%

230 AC 10%

230 AC 10%

1NO

1NO

1NO/NC

1NO/NC

1NO/NC

1NO/NC

1NO/NC

1NO/NC

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

Rated voltage
Contact type
Contact capacity: resistive load
Inductive load

Rated frequency

Hz

50-60

50-60

50-60

50-60

50-60

50-60

50-60

50-60

quartz

quartz

quartz

quartz

quartz

quartz

quartz

quartz

min

15

15

30

30

210

15

15

120

96

96

48

48

48

96

96

84

Time base
Minimum switching times
Max number of commands
per cycle
Running reserve

Accuracy

200

150

150

200

200

1sec/24h

1sec/24h

1sec/24h

1sec/24h

1sec/24h

1sec/24h

1sec/24h

1sec/24h

Power consumption

VA

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

Max switching power

4000

4000

3500

3500

3500

4000

4000

4000

Max. terminal size for cable

mm

2.5

2.5

2.5

Tightening torque

Nm

1.2

1.2

0.5

0.5

0.5

1.2

1.2

1.2

with

with

with

with

with

with

with

with

captive screws

captive screws

captive screws

captive screws

captive screws

captive screws

captive screws

captive screws

on DIN rail

on DIN rail

on DIN rail

on DIN rail

on DIN rail

on DIN rail

on DIN rail

on DIN rail

Terminals
Mounting
Operating temperature

-10...+55

-10...+55

-10...+55

-10...+55

-10...+55

-10...+55

-10...+55

-10...+55

Storage temperature

-10...+55

-10...+55

-10...+55

-10...+55

-10...+55

-20...+70

-10...+55

-10...+55

Modules

Reference Standards

EN 60730-1;

EN 60730-1;

EN 60730-1;

EN 60730-1;

EN 60730-1;

EN 60730-1;

EN 60730-1;

EN 60730-1;

EN 60730-2-7

EN 60730-2-7

EN 60730-2-7

EN 60730-2-7

EN 60730-2-7

EN 60730-2-7

EN 60730-2-7

EN 60730-2-7

How to program AT1 - AT1-R


24

24

23

1512'

23

24

15'

24

13

24

13

13

14

14

14

23

15'

12

I 0

I 0

12

I 0

I 0

I 0

I 0

I 0

24

I 0

= automatic
I

Switching dial

23

23

24

24

24

23

24

I 0

0
I

23

23

24

24

24

I 0

23

23

24

24

I I

23

44

24

23
24

23

23

24

24

44

23
24

24 24

24

I 0 0 0I 0
I I

= automatic = automatic

= permanentlyI on= permanently


I =on
permanently on

22

Manual override

24

24

I 0

23

24

I 0

Time setting

23

I 0

I 0

Programming

6 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

00 0
II I I

33

0
I

3
I 0

I
I

I 0

I I

3
I 0I 0

0
I

0I I 00

33

3
I 0

How to program AT2 - AT2-R - AT2-7R

Example: 3 = Wednesday 14:45

Time setting

= Automatic
programmed operation
= Permanently ON
Programming

How to program AT3 - AT3-R - AT3-7R

Time setting

Selettore a 3 posizioni
Selettore a 3 posizioni
Selettore a 3 posizioni
2

62

Selettore
a 3Selettore
posizionia 3 posizioni
Selettore
a 3 posizioni
2

3-position selector switch


2

3-position selector switch

0 2= arresto
4 6 permanente
0 = arresto
permanente
0 = arresto
permanente
2

= funzionamento automatico
= funzionamento automatico
= funzionamento automatico
2 4 6
I ==arresto
marcia permanente
permanente
permanente
2 4 I6 = marcia
2 4 6
0permanente
0I == arresto
marcia
0 = arresto
permanente

Programming

0 = permanently off
= automatic programmed
operation

= permanently on

Manual
mode
= funzionamento
= funzionamento
automatico
0 =automatico
permanently
off
= funzionamento
automatico
2

62

2 4 6
Ipermanente
= marcia permanente
I = marcia
= automatic programmed
= marcia
permanente
operation
Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 7
2 4 6
I = permanently on

AT electro-mechanical time switches

Operating principle
The AT electro-mechanical time switches enable to control the
circuit opening/closing according to a daily or weekly program
or to manually set permanent ON/OFF operation.

Application environments
The AT electro-mechanical time switches are particularly
indicated in any environment and situation where it is
necessary to program system load operation according to
a daily or weekly frequency (shop lighting system, public
buildings, heating systems, irrigation systems, etc.).

O1

AUXILIARIES

L1

S1

AT3-7R

Installation example
As shown in the diagrams, one of the possible applications is
to mount the AT3-7R electro-mechanical time switch inside
the power supply circuit of a golf field. In this case the device
programming enables the daily activation of the irrigation
system at a preset time.

L1

O1

AT3-7R

E211-16-10
S1
4

AUXILIARIES

10

AT3-7R

EV

12

N
IRRIGATION
SOLENOID VALVE

8 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 9

ATP electro-mechanical time switches for panel mounting

ATP electro-mechanical time switches are especially needed in systems where a


DIN rail installation is not available or convenient. Furthermore ATP ensure better
visualization and programming thanks to complete visibility of the dial.

These electro-mechanical time switches are available in daily


and weekly version with and without running reserve. They are
also equipped with auxiliary ON-OFF switch to force contact
position during installation and maintenance.
The -R type are equipped with an internal battery, which is
normally enables them to maintain their timing function even
in case of lengthy power supply failures.
These switches are a flexible solution to control pumps,
motors, machinery, lighting and watering circuits and so forth.
Compared to the series of DIN rail time switches AT, they
differ by:
- the multiple installation options: wall, panel or flush, in
addition to DIN rail
- the large frontal dial, that can be easily programmed with
fingers and is visible from far away.

When you must to use the running reserve?


Always! The running reserve keeps the time switch
synchronized during a blackout. Time switch without running
reserve has no battery. This means it is more economical, but
it needs to be regulated again after a power failure. It is only
suitable when the installation has an UPS.

10 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

Main features
- DIN rail, flush, wall or panel mount
- Accurate and readable indication of the time
- Summertime/wintertime changeover simplified due to
the rotation of the disk in both directions (bi-directional
movement)
- R emovable base with plug-in terminals for quick and easy
replacement
- Manual override with automatic recovery program
- R oHS compliant

Technical specifications
Rated voltage

Contact type

ATP

ATP-R

ATP-7R

230 AC 10%

230 AC 10%

230 AC 10%

1NO/NC

1NO/NC

1NO/NC

Switching capacity
- ohmic loads

16

16

16

- inductive loads

Rated frequency

Hz

50-60

50-60

50-60

quartz

quartz

quartz

10

10

60

72

72

84

Time base
Minimum switching time

min

Max.no. of command
per cycle

Other features of the range


- Accuracy of 1s/24h and minimum switching time of 10
minutes.
- 200 hours running reserve
- Overall dimensions of 72x72 mm
- Daily and weekly versions with and without reserve
- Loss-proof screw terminals
- Minimum switching time:
- 10 for ATP, ATP-R (daily versions)
- 60 for ATP-7R (weekly version)

Power reserve

200

200

Operating accuracy

sec./24h 1

Switching accuracy

min

1.5

1.5

10

Power loss

VA

0.5

0.5

0.5

Max. commutable power

1,000

1,000

1,000

Max. cross-section

mm

16

16

16

loss-proof

loss-proof

loss-proof

of terminal wire
Terminals

screw

screw

screw

Nm

1.2

1.2

1.2

wall/panel

wall/panel

wall/panel

Operating temperature

-10 +50

-10 +50

-10 +50

Storage temperature

-20 +60

-20 +60

-20 +60

EN 60730

EN 60730

EN 60730

Tightening torque
Installation type

Standards

How to program ATP - ATP-R - ATP-7R


Regolazione dellora
Time
setting
Regolazione
dellora
Esempio:
mercoledi,
15,30
Example:
Wednesday,
15:30
Regolazione
dellora
Esempio:
mercoledi,
15,30
Regolazione
dellora
Regolazione
dellora
Esempio:
mercoledi,
15,30
Esempio:
mercoledi,
15,30
Esempio: mercoledi, 15,30

Forzatura manuale
Manual
override
Forzatura
manuale
Forzatura
manuale
Forzatura
manuale
Forzatura manuale

Programmazione
Program
setting
Programmazione
Programmazione
Programmazione
Programmazione

3 4 5
3 4 5
3 4 5
3 4 5
3 4 5

7
7

71

3
3

4
3

3 4 5
3 4 5
3 4 5
3 4 5

ATP-7R
ATP-7R
ATP-7R
ATP-7R
ATP-7R

2
2

9 8
1 10
7
2101 9 8 10 9 8 9
111
1 7 1 10 7 8 7
12 11 1012 19 182 17
12

ATP, ATP-R
ATP,
ATP-R
ATP,
ATP-R
ATP, ATP-R

6
6

2 21 20 1
32
9
22 21 22021
2
23 23 224 192302129 21 20 19
24 24
422 21 20 1
232
9
24

1
6
4 3 2 1
5
6
4 3 2 1
5
4 3 2 1
54 3 2
6
1
56
6

ATP-7R
ATP-7R
ATP-7R
ATP-7R
ATP-7R 6

ATP, ATP-R
ATP, ATP-R
ATP,
ATP-R
ATP,
ATP-R
4 3 2
ATP, ATP-R
5

3 4 5
3 4 5
3 4 5
3 4 ATP-R
5
ATP,

1 cavaliere
=
110
cavaliere
minuti
1 pin=
10
minuti
1=cavaliere
1 pin
=
10 minutes
10=minuti
10 minutes

1 cavaliere
=
160
cavaliere
minuti
1 pin=
60
minuti
1=cavaliere
1 pin
=
60 minutes
60=minuti
60 minutes

3 4 5
3 4 5
3 4 automatico
5
Ritorno al funzionamento
3 4 5
3 4 5

alla prossima
commutazione
Ritorno
al funzionamento
automatico
Return
to automatic
operations
alla
prossima
commutazione
Ritorno
al funzionamento
automatico
to automatic operations
atReturn
next
commutation
alla prossima
commutazione
at next commutation

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 11

16 15 1
1176 15 14 4 13
1178
16 1153 14 1
17
3
18
18
16 15 14 1
17
3
18
16 15 14 1
17
3
18

ATP electro-mechanical time switches for panel mounting

Operating principle
The ATP electro-mechanical time switches enable to control
the circuit opening/closing according to a daily or weekly
program or to manually set permanent ON/OFF operation.

Installation example
The ATP electro-mechanical time switches are particularly
indicated in any environment and situation where it is
necessary to program system load operation according to
a daily or weekly frequency (Management of lighting, shop
lighting system, heating, ventilation, appliances, lighting
Toilets, etc.).

O1

AUXILIARIES

L1

S1

ATP-R

Application environments
As shown in the diagrams, one of the possible applications
is to mount the ATP-R electro-mechanical time switch
near or even attached to the house boiler. In this case, the
programming device allows the activation of the heater at set
times daily allowing significant energy savings.

L1

O1

ATP-R

E211-16-10
S1
4

AUXILIARIES

ATP-R

EV

N
IRRIGATION
SOLENOID VALVE

16 *C

12 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

16 *C

20 *C

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 13

D Line digital time switches

D Line is ABBs new range of digital time switches. An exclusive design, featuring
a backlit white LCD display, plus extremely easy use with two lines of text menu
and just four pushbuttons, make the D Line products ideal for automating the
functions of the installation.

Thanks to the pioneering way in which vacation periods


can be managed, the new D Line allows you to override the
normal weekly program for one or more periods of the year or
even through different years.
The range includes versions with 1 and 2 channels, equipped
with large capacity internal batteries so they are able to
function during a blackout and an EEPROM permanent data
store, to ensure that the scheduled program is followed and
the date and hour settings are maintained even during a
power failure.

14 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

The PLUS versions can copy one or more programs and


transfer them to different devices by means of a flash drive,
without wasting time and avoiding re-programming errors.
The SYNCHRO versions can be combined with the D DCF
antenna, allowing the circuit-breaker to be automatically
synchronized with the DCF77 Frankfurt timing signal, or
with the D GPS antenna, which synchronizes with the signal
received by the Global Positioning System and provides a
more precise solution than the terrestrial transmissions. These
versions are required when one or more circuit-breakers need
to be kept synchronized, even when installed in unattended
areas.

Operating principle
- Management of vacation periods, which can be
programmed at different times of the year
- Multilanguage menu, with a choice of 11 different languages
- Zero cross switching, for a longer lasting relay and the
actual load itself
- LCD display with high-level contrast, providing optimum
visibility in all conditions thanks to timed backlighting
- 1 second minimum switching time
- Product warranty management: the internal clock and
battery activate when the time switch is first installed
- Monitored maintenance for the connected equipment: the
count-down function transmits an alert to the display after a
preset number of operating hours

Available accessories
- DCF77 antenna
- GPS antenna
- Programming key
- Programming software and USB interface

Why are the new D Line time switches supplied without


a preset date and time?
Unlike the models already preset in the factory, the D Line
battery does not discharge as it maintains the settings during
a long storage period. This allows the customer to benefit
from full battery life, as the battery begin to operate when the
keypad is pressed for the first time.

Range specifications
- Vast choice of programs: standard, cyclic, random and
vacation
- Permanent or temporary override function, activated with a
single touch
- Programming via menus with 4 simple keys
- The status of each contact is clearly displayed
- Full graphic display of the switching sequence established
by the program for each of the channels of the day in
question
- Generously sized 34 mm LCD display
- External inputs for connecting one or more remote controls,
e.g.: circuit-breakers or pushbuttons
- 64 memory locations
- Accuracy of 0.5 seconds/day
- Automatic summer/winter time switch-over
- 6 years running reserve (lithium battery)
- Sealable and loss-proof cover to prevent unauthorised
access

What does zero cross switching mean?


The device is able to monitor the network sinusoid and to
switch the load at the exact instant in which the voltage is
annulled. This allows extremely high maximum loads to be
obtained while ensuring that both the relay and the load itself
are longer lasting.

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 15

D Line digital time switches


The special functions of the new range
Standard program
The standard function allows one or more series of opening
and closing operations to be performed so as to control loads
such as the lighting and heating systems in a school.
The ON time and the OFF time can differ in an independent
way in both channels (lighting ON from MON to FRI from
08:00 hrs to 18:00 hrs and heating ON from MON to FRI from
07:00 hrs to 10:00 hrs).
Lighting system in a
school
STD
STD
In the example, the schools lighting system is ON from
08:00 hrs until 18:00 hrs.

07 00

08 00

09 00STD10 00

11 00

16 00

07

08

09

11

16

17
STD

00

18 00

19 00

17

00

18

19

Cyclic program
The cyclic function allows a series of impulses or a timing
cycle to be performed so as to control loads such as an
illuminated sign or the school bells. The ON time and the OFF
time can vary from 1 second to 23 hours, 59 minutes and
59 seconds.
Illuminated sign
In the example, the illuminated sign comes on at 19:00 hrs
and generates a series of impulses lasting for 10 seconds ON
and OFF, until 02:00 hrs in the morning.

1800
00

00

00

10

00

00

00

00

1900

2000

2200

000

200

400

600

00

School bell
In the example, the school bell rings for 3 seconds every
50 minutes, from 08:00 hrs until 13:00 hrs.

Heating system in a school


In the example, the schools heating system is on from
07:00 hrs until 10:00 hrs.
STD

07 00

00
08STD
09 00

10 00

11 00

14 00

15 00

16 00

17 00

07 00

08 00

10 00

11 00

14 00

15 00

16 00

17 00

09 00

16 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

8 00

13 00

800

Vacation program
The vacation program allows the normal programs to be
halted for an established period. This is very useful during
the vacation period. The vacation program can also manage
periods spanning different years, such as the period from
Christmas to Epiphany.
Heating system in an office
The example shows that the office heating system was turned
OFF from 16:00 hrs on 24 December 2009 for the Christmas
holiday period and ON again at 08:00 hrs on 6 January 2010
when the office opened again.

Random program
The random program allows you to turn the utility ON and
OFF in the random mode, so as to simulate the presence of
persons in unmanned places, for example.
Villa
The example shows how the random program simulates the
presence of persons in a villa during the evening hours.

18 00
24
December

19 00

20 00

22 00

0 00

2 00

4 00

6 00

6
January

8 00

0 00

16 00

8 00

0 00

16 00

8 00

0 00

16 00

8 00

0 00

16 00

8 00

0 00

16 00

8 00

0 00

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 17

D Line digital time switches


Accessories for Plus and Synchro
D KEY
D KEY programming key for executing programs recorded in
the key, transferring programs from the time switch to the key
and vice versa, and for reading the programs in the key.

D SW software
You can program the D Line digital time switches from your
PC thanks to D SW software, which allows you to work
through the programming steps in a quick and simple way
while comfortably seated at your desk.
This is because the program can be transferred to the
programming key and then copied into several devices
without the risk of re-programming errors.
Once created, the program can be saved in a file in the PDF
format, ready to be printed and stored inside the switchboard.

D DCF77
D GPS

D1 SYNCHRO
D2 SYNCHRO

1
0

12

D1 SYNCHRO
D2 SYNCHRO

7
18

L
24

C1 OFF

1
0

12

C1 OF

1
0

12

7
18

L
24

C1 OFF

5
12

Save

7
18

L
24

L
24

OK

C1 OF

R ESET

5
12

7
18

12

C1 OF

L
24

OK

1
0

12

C1 OF

Upload
18 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

12

7
18

1 2 3 4 5 6
R ESET

7
18

L
24

P2 4

Upload

MENU

OK

1
0

12

C1 OF

R ESET

L
24

1 2 3 4 5 6
R ESET

7
18

P2 4

OK

24

Upload

MENU

P2 4

OK

1 2 3 4 5 6
R ESET

P24
1 2 3 4 5 6

MENU

MENU

Upload

18

C1 OF

1 2 3 4 5 6
R ESET

Upload

24

P2 4

OK

P24
MENU

Save

7
18

MENU

R ESET

1 2 3 4 5 6
R ESET

12

1 2 3 4 5 6

OK

OK

P2 4

MENU

P2 4
1 2 3 4 5 6

C1 OF

C1 OF

MENU

1 2 3 4 5 6
R ESET

L
24

P2 4

OK

7
18

P2 4
1 2 3 4 5 6

MENU

D1 SYNCHRO
D2 SYNCHRO

MENU

OK

Upload

R ESET

The programming key allows you


to execute a program in the EMD
external memory in the automatic
mode, save the programs in the
time switch or ones that have
been created with the DSW
programming software in the
DKEY flash drive and then work
through the procedures in reverse.
The vacation programs can also be
uploaded and downloaded to and
from the D KEY.

D DCF77 antenna
This antenna receives the hourly texts transmitted by
the DCF77 emitter situated in Mainflingen, Germany, in
the Frankfurt region. The programmers are automatically
positioned on the time, date and on the exact summer or
winter timeframe. The antenna allows up to 10 programmers
in series to be maintained in the synchronized state. The
power of the emitter of Frankfurt am Main is 50 kW and its
range is about 2,500 km. The signal is sometimes received
in a discontinuous way and not all places could be covered
owing to dead zones created by the territory, especially
in countries that are fairly far from the emitter. Italy is fully
covered. The reception is optimal when the marked antenna
face is pointed towards Frankfurt.

Up to 10 programmers can be
piloted with the DDCF77 and
DGPS antennas. The polarity is
of no importance for the first
programmer connected, unlike
the following ones, which must
comply with the polarity dictated
by the first.

D DCF77
D GPS

D1 SYNCHRO
D2 SYNCHRO

1
0

12

D1 SYNCHRO
D2 SYNCHRO

7
18

L
24

C1 OFF

1
0

12

7
18

L
24

12

P24
RESET

OK

L
24

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

MENU

7
18

P24

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

OK

C1 OFF

P24
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

D1 SYNCHRO
D2 SYNCHRO

C1 OFF

MENU

D GPS antenna
The D GPS antenna provides an accurate localization and
time information in all weather conditions, both day and
night in any part of the world, since the time is obtained from
several sources at the same time, thus allowing the clock to
compensate for delays. The synchronization received from
the Global Positioning system provides a more accurate value
than the terrestrial transmissions. The GPS system combines
the time supplied by various atomic clocks installed on board
the satellites of the system with the time given by a network of
terrestrial stations and corrects the errors.

RESET

MENU

OK

RESET

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 19

D Line digital time switches

Programming menu without programming key


Languages
Italiano
English
Deutsch
Franais
Espaol
Swedish
Portugus
Dutch
Polish
Russian
Greek

Menu
Standard prog
Random prog
Cyclic prog
Vacation prog
Prog list
Erase
Override
Options

Options
Language
Time set
Ext input*
Maintenance
Hourmeter
Backlight
Warranty

Program
Standard/Random
Input
- program N
- channel (dual
channel only)
- day
- time on
HH:MM:SS
- time off
HH:MM:SS
- end/annual
Verify
Edit
Copy
Cancel

Time set
Year
Month
Day
Time HH:MM:SS
Summer/winter
time

Cyclic program
Input
- program N
- channel (dual
channel only)
- day
- time on
- time off
- end/annual
Verify
Edit
Copy
Cancel

External input
Channel (dual
channel only)
Permanently on/off
Temporary on/off
Timer on/off

Vacation program
Input
- program N
-c
 hannel (dual
channel only)
- time off
-d
 ay and month
off
- time on
-d
 ay and month
on
Verify
Edit
Copy
Cancel

Maintenance
C1 000000
C2 000000
(dual channel
only)

Program list
Verify
Edit
Copy
Cancel

Hourmeter
C1 000000
C2 000000
(dual channel
only)

Delete
Single programs
All programs
Holiday programs

Backlight
Permanently on
Permanently off
6 sec timing

Override
Channel
(dual channel only)
Auto
Permanently on/off
Temporary on/off

Warranty
Days 0000

* Excluding SYNCHRO models

Programming menu with programming key


Languages
Italiano
English
Deutsch
Franais
Espaol
Swedish
Portugus
Dutch
Polish
Russian
Greek

Menu
Standard prog
Random prog
Cyclic prog
Vacation prog
Prog list
Erase
Override
Options

Options
Language
Time set
Ext input*
Maintenance
Hourmeter
Backlight
Warranty
EMD
programming
key

Program
Standard/Random
Input
- program N
- channel (dual
channel only)
- day
- time on
HH:MM:SS
- time off
HH:MM:SS
- end/annual
Verify
Edit
Copy
Delete

Time set
Year
Month
Day
Time HH:MM:SS
Summer/winter
time

Cyclic program
Input
- program N
- channel (dual
channel only)
- day
- time on
- time off
- end/annual
Verify
Edit
Copy
Delete

External input
Channel
(dual channel only)
Permanently on/off
Temporary on/off
Timer on/off

* Excluding SYNCHRO models

20 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

Vacation program
Input
- program N
-c
 hannel (dual
channel only)
- time off
-d
 ay and month
off
- time on
-d
 ay and month
on
Verify
Edit
Copy
Delete

Maintenance
C1 000000
C2 000000
(dual channel only)

Program list
Verify
Edit
Copy
Delete

Hourmeter
C1 000000
C2 000000
(dual channel only)

Backlight
Permanently on
Permanently off
6 sec timing

Delete
Single programs
All programs
Holiday programs

Warranty
Days 0000

Override
Channel
(dual channel only)
Auto
Permanently on/off
Temporary on/off

EMD
programming key
Run from EMD
Save on EMD
Copy in clock
Read EMD
Save vacation only
Copy vacation only
Cancel EMD

Display and function keys


0

12

18

24

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

12

18

24

D1

D1

OK

MENU

reset

12

18

24

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

OK

MENU

reset

D2

18

24

OK

MENU

reset

D1 PLUS

D2

12

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

OK

MENU

D1 PLUS,
D1 SYNCHRO

reset

2
D2PLUS

D2 PLUS,
D2 SYNCHRO

Display
Channel 1/ Channel 2

OFF / Channel off

Manual channel override

ON / Channel on

Random program

Cyclic programs

Vacation program

Keypad locked

Indication of GPS or DCF77 signal reception

Browse up

Selected program N P01-P64

Browse down

Function keys

Key combination functions

Allows you to access the main menu (from the initial page)

Function

Allows you to quit any setting

Lock/release keys

Combinazione tasti
+

Scrolls up a list

2 seconds

ncreases a numerical value or changes a parameter


Press key and hold and the status display of channel 1 will
remain fixed until the key is released (in the normal operating
mode)
Scrolls down a list
Decreases a numerical value or changes a parameter
Press key and hold and the status display of channel 2
(dual channel models) will remain fixed until the key is released
(in the normal operating mode)
Confirms the proposed setting

Resets the device (NOTE: The programs and settings entered


from the outside will not be cancelled)

Temporary manual override


for channels 1 and 2. Press
alternately to switch from
TEMP ON to TEMP OFF
Permanent manual override
for channels 1 and 2. Press for
2 seconds to access the PERM
mode and press alternately to
switch from PERM ON to
PERM OFF
Returns to the AUTO mode
(if any manual override has been
activated)

2 seconds

2 seconds

2 seconds

2 seconds

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 21

D Line digital time switches

Technical specifications
D1

D1 PLUS

D1 SYNCHRO

D2

D2 PLUS

D2 SYNCHRO

Rated voltage

230 AC 10%

230 AC 10%

230 AC 10%

230 AC 10%

230 AC 10%

230 AC 10%

Rated pulse voltage

kV

4
Contact relay

Contact relay

Contact relay

Contact relay

Contact relay

Contact relay

in free exchange

in free exchange

in free exchange

in free exchange

in free exchange

in free exchange

from potential

from potential

from potential

from potential

from potential

from potential

Programming key

External input

Contact type

DCF77 antenna

GPS antenna

Programming software

n
n

250 V~ contact capacity

Resistive loads

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

Inductive loads

10

10

10

10

10

10

Rated frequency

Hz

50-60

50-60

50-60

50-60

50-60

50-60

Time base

quartz

quartz

quartz

quartz

quartz

quartz

Minimum switching time

sec.

Max programs per cycle

64 (can be coupled

64 (can be coupled

64 (can be coupled

64 (can be coupled

64 (can be coupled

64 (can be coupled

into day blocks)

into day blocks)

into day blocks)

into day blocks)

into day blocks)

into day blocks)

6 from first start-up

6 from first start-up

6 from first start-up

6 from first start-up

6 from first start-up

6 from first start-up

(lithium battery)

(lithium battery)

(lithium battery)

(lithium battery)

(lithium battery)

(lithium battery)

from 1 day

from 1 day

from 1 day

from 1 day

from 1 day

from 1 day

to 12 months

to 12 months

to 12 months

to 12 months

to 12 months

to 12 months

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

Running reserve
External input

years
n

Activity suspension
Accuracy

sec./
day

Max power consumption

VA

6.5

6.5

6.5

7.8

7.8

7.8

Max switching power

VA

3500

3500

3500

3500

3500

3500

Incandescent lamp

3000

3000

3000

3000

3000

3000

Non-rephased fluorescent

1100

1100

1100

1100

1100

1100

900

900

900

900

900

900

7 23

7 23

7 23

7 23

7 23

7 23

(max. 23 lamp.)

(max. 23 lamp.)

(max. 23 lamp.)

(max. 23 lamp.)

(max. 23 lamp.)

(max. 23 lamp.)

1100

1100

1100

1100

1100

1100

Protection degree

IP

20

20

20

20

20

20

Max terminal section

mm

positive safety

positive safety

positive safety

positive safety

positive safety

positive safety

loss-proof screws

loss-proof screws

loss-proof screws

loss-proof screws

loss-proof screws

loss-proof screws

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

DIN rail

DIN rail

DIN rail

DIN rail

DIN rail

DIN rail

tube lamp
Fluorescent tube lamp
rephased in parallel
Fluorescent tube lamp
with electronic reactor
Fluorescent tube lamp
rephased in series

Terminals
Tightening torque

Nm

Installation type
Operating temperature

-5 +55

-5 +55

-5 +55

-5 +55

-5 +55

-5 +55

Storage temperature

-10 +65

-10 +65

-10 +65

-10 +65

-10 +65

-10 +65

Modules

22 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

Technical specifications
D DCF77

D GPS

Rated voltage

230 AC 20%

230 AC 20%

Rated frequency

Hz

50/60

50/60

Power consumption

0.1

Operating temperature

-10+70

-10+40

Storage temperature

-30+90

-40+85

Power consumption

VA

9.2

1 transm./ min.

min. 30 transm./hour; max. 50 transm./hour

Time of the signal


Protection degree

IP

65

65

Max. number of connected devices

10

10

Max. wiring lenght

1000

1000

Terminal section

mm

0.5...2.5

0.5...2.5

pole/wall

pole/wall

Installation

Maximum pilotable power


Models D1 - D1 PLUS - D1 SYNCHRO - D2 - D2 PLUS - D2 SYNCHRO

3000 W

3000 W

1100 W

900 W (125 F)

7 W 23 W (max. 23 lamp.)

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 23

D Line digital time switches

Operating principle
The D2 two-channel digital time switches enable to open
and close circuits according to a daily or weekly program,
controlling single loads or group of loads even when they
require different time controls with a common time reference.
In this example, the digital time switch D2 allows the
operation of heating as well as lighting systems of a church
when services are performed; when no service is performed,
the device only controls the heating system.

AUXILIARIES

L1

D2

Application environments
The D2 two-channel digital time switches are particularly
indicated in environments and situations requiring the
management of multiple loads according to a time program
flexible enough to include or exclude their application based
on the day of the week (offices, schools, public areas, etc.).

L1

Installation example
As shown in the diagrams, one of the possible applications
is to install the D2 two-channel digital time switch inside the
power supply circuit of a church, where in the days when
no service is performed only the heating system is activated
(programmed ON one of the two channels) at a preset time,
while on Sundays and when services are performed the
lighting system is also switched ON (through a program
on the second channel). According to the controlled system
power, the activation is performed by an ESB contactor.

24 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

D2

D2

LIGHTING

HEATING

AUXILIARIES

D2
N

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 25

D 365 Line yearly digital time switches

Used for the most sophisticated programming configurations, D 365 Line yearly
digital time switches can resolve the continuous demands of automation systems in
both residential by controlling multiple loads or even groups of independent loads
that require temporally differentiated commands but with a common time reference.

Thanks to its extreme flexibility in use characterized by


extensive availability of 800 memory locations and the
possibility to manage up to 8 independent contacts, D 365
is especially suitable for managing small automated systems,
allowing you to control multiple utilities of utility groups that
require time differentiated commands, but with a common
time reference.
The backlit display provides a clear view even in the dark.
The lithium battery, with a 10 year life, can be replaced thus
extending the lifetime of the device. Like the weekly version,
D 365 is equipped with various functions such as the impulse,
cyclic, holiday, random, hour counter and countdown,
in addition to being able to maintain the hour and date
synchronized with the hourly signal received by the DCF77 or
GPS antenna.
D 365 yearly digital time switch can be programmed directly
on your PC thought the programming software, which makes
it quick and easy to create programs. The program can infact
be either transferred to a D 365 KEY portable memory unit,
and then copied from there to multiple devices, thus avoiding
reprogramming errors, or through the D 365 LAN module

26 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

which, through the local network or internet, allows a PC to


receive the program and then send it to the yearly time switch
by using the PowerLine communication protocol. Always
using the programming software, you can use the digital
clock a conventional astronomical time switch. By defining the
latitude and longitude of the geographical place of installation,
it is possible to automatically control the circuit lighting based
on sunrise and sunset times.
The D 365 CE channel extension unit, in 2 exchange contacts,
is instead coupled to the D 365 yearly time switch to expand
the number of contacts managed from 2 to a maximum of
8. The D 365 DCF77 antenna, used in conjunction with the
device, enables it to be automatically synchronized with
the official DCF77 Frankfurt time signal, broadcast via long
waves radio, with a maximum range of about 2500 km from
Frankfurt. The D 365 GPS antenna is available to ensure good
coverage around the world in any weather condition. This
antenna used the synchronization received from the Global
Positioning System, and provides more precise values than
terrestrial transmissions.

Main features
-S
 tandard, impulsive, cyclical, random and holiday program
-A
 stronomical function available by using programming
software
- Communication LAN, ETHERNET and POWERLINE
- Hour-counter with reset function for each contact
- Clear menu visualizations in three lines of text
- Flexible functions assignment to the buttons
- Easy programming steps like how to make a phone call
- 14 languages
- RoHS compliant

Available accessories
- Channel extension
- LAN module
- Programming Key
- DCF77 antenna
- GPS antenna

Available services
- Programming software
- Webserver

Other features of the range


-2
 NO/NC independent contacts expandable up to
8 contacts by using D 365 CE
- 800 memory locations
- 10 years of running reserve
- Battery Interchangeabled
- Backlit display
-E
 xternal output with count-down, pulse meter and override
with automatic recovery program
- Minimum switching time of 1 sec.
- Accuracy of 1s/24h
- Automatic summer/winter time switch-over
- Synchronizable through DCF77 or GPS antenna
- Protection through PIN code
- Sealable frontal glass

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 27

D 365 Line yearly digital time switches


Accessories of the range
CE channel extension
The D 365 CE channel extension unit allows you to expand
the number of channels of D 365 up to a maximum of 8.
In fact thanks to the switching commands received through
the PowerLine communication protocol, you can install
D 365 and the related D 365 CE channel extension in
separate switchboards, for example on different floors, but
you must always take care to respect the maximum distance
of 50 m. On the front of the device you can view the state of
the channels on a moment by moment basis by means of the
LED lights.

LAN module
Thanks to the D 365 LAN module, if connected to a router
or a switch, you can easily create the program on your home
computer, transfer it through the internet or local network to
the D 365 LAN module, and then to the D 365 yearly time
switch via the PowerLine communication protocol. Using the
D 365 LAN you can:
- upload/download programs;
- download count times;
- set the time and the date of the programmer.

Programming key
The external memory D 365 KEY manages up to 4 programs,
including holidays. It allows you to run a program, contained
within it, on the D 365 yearly time switch, to save or copy
the programs in the clock or created using the programming
software.

28 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

DCF77 antenna
m

0k

The D 365 DCF77 antenna receives signal synchronization


radio from the DCF77 emitter located in Mainflingen,
Germany. The broadcast power is 50kW with a range of
2500 km. Sometimes the signal is received intermittently and
not all locations may be covered due to shadows caused by
the land, especially in countries far away from the emitter; in
any case, Italy has full coverage.

250

0k

200

0k

150

0k

100

500

km
F77

DC

GPS antenna
The D 365 GPS antenna allows you to receive the time
signal broadcast by the Global Positioning System. Due to
the high broadcasting frequency, this type of signal, unlike
terrestrial broadcasts, offers the advantage of being immune
to atmospheric disturbances with no risk of interruption, but
the greatest advantage is that it can be received anywhere in
the world. Therefore, thanks to no disturbances, the extreme
precision, and full coverage, GPS receivers are soon bound
to completely replace terrestrial signals in all industrial
sectors.

Webserver
The webserver is a useful tool that through communication
with D 365 LAN allows you to monitor on a moment by
moment basis and modify, if necessary, the status of the
channels on the D 365 yearly programmer or on the
D 365 CE channel expansion.
In fact, thanks to the possibility to receive information about
any failures, power outages, battery status, status of the
tasks, or correct transmission of the program via email, the
user is always updated on the status of the system, thus
improving the secure state as well as guaranteeing rapid
maintenance or overhaul.

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 29

D 365 Line yearly digital time switches


The new functions of the range
PowerLine communications
PowerLine is the communication protocol used for
transmitting data through the power cord of the yearly time
switch used in narrowband within the electric network. The
exchange of information between programmers, channel
extensions and LAN device, are ensured via the connection of
the power terminals of the individual devices.

Standard 50/60 Hz AC

Main features of the modem used:


- Modulation: FSK (Frequency Shift Keying)
- Transmission frequency: 132.5 kHz
- PowerLine Interface compliant with Cenelec C band,
EN50065
- Maximum distance between programmer, channel
extensions, and LAN device, no greater than 50 m.

PLC signal

Modulated signal

LAN/Internet communications
The new LAN module allows you to establish a connection
between the yearly time switch and the local network or
internet.
If the programs are created using the programming software,
they can be transmitted easily from your desktop via the local
network or internet to the LAN module which is then able to
communicate with the yearly time switch using the PowerLine
communication protocol.

D 365 GPS

D 365 DCF77

In addition to enabling the exchange of programs, the LAN


module also carries out the service function at the same time.
In fact you can be informed of any faults, power failures, low
batteries, etc.
Thanks to this type of transmission you can control the
incoming programs and the service functions in a remote area
of the system such as an office or control room, thus avoiding
any bothersome movements and accordingly, wasting time.

Remote command

Max 50 m
D 365 KEY

D 365

D 365 CE

D 365 CE

D 365 CE

D 365 LAN

L 230 V AC
N

LAN
Powerline
communication

30 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

Internet

Display and functions


D 365

M
M

MD
1 D
6

12

1 12 3 46 5 6 12
7

C
C
H
H
A
A
L
L

18
18

241

D 365 CE

D E
E
6
12

18

24

24
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

F
3 4 5 6 7
C 1888888
CC1 21888888
GF
C 1888888
88
15:26:38 88 15:26:38
G
88888888
H88 15:26:3888888888
1
2
1
2
88888888

A
1
1

K L
K

Res.

2
MENU
MENU1

Res.

BRes.
B
J
IJ
I

D 365 LAN

MENU

Display
A Functions of the two left keys
B Functions of the two right keys
C 3 line display
D Days of the week, can be modified
from the DATE/HOUR menu,
e.g. 1= Sunday
E Programmed switching times
F Radio antenna
G Standard/ daylight savings time
H Switching status (ON/OFF/OVR/FIX)

F
G

Power
Power

FIX/OVR

FIX/OVR

FIX/OVR

FIX/OVR

ON

B1ON
J
I

OFF
Res.

OFF

Res.

A
A
B
B
FIX/OVR
C
C
ON
E
DE
FD
F

Power
Power

B
FIX/OVR

PLC Power

LAN
LAN

PLC

LAN

PLC

C
BC
AB
A

C
B
A

OFF
Res.

E
D
F

Res.
Res.

Display
A Red Power LED
B Yellow FIX/OVR LED
C Green ON/OFF LED
D Reset
E Right key (FIX ON/FIX OFF/
Override/Automatic operation)
F Left key (FIX ON/FIX OFF/
Override/Automatic operation)

COM
COM

Res.

D
ED
E

COM

D
E

LED
A Power
B LAN - Connection to LAN
C PLC (PowerLine Communication)
Synchronization with timer
Function keys
D Startup (COM)
E Reset

LED meaning
OFF

Keys/interface
I Reset
J Right keys
K Left keys, with manual function in
automatic operation
L Battery
M Infrared interface

Power

ON

Blinking

Red LED Power

Power OFF

Power ON

Yellow LED

Automatic

FIX ON/

Override

FIX/OVR -

operations

FIX OFF

Green LED

Channel

Channel

ON/OFF -

OFF

ON

Channel function
-

Channel state

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 31

D 365 Line yearly digital time switches

Technical specifications
Rated voltage Un

Contact type

D 365

D 365 CE

D 365 LAN

230 AC

110...230 AC

230 AC

2NO/NC

2NO/NC

Switching capacity
- ohmic loads

16

16

- inductive loads

10

10

Rated frequency

Hz

50/60

50/60

50/60

Power dissipation

VA

Incandescent lamps

2600

2600

Halogen lamps

2600

2600

Compensated fluorescent lamps

1000

1000

Non-compensated fluorescent lamps

1000

1000

quartz

quartz

Time base
Minimum ON/OFF switching time

sec.

Max. no. of commands per cycle

800

1 sec 99 min

1 sec 99 min

Pulse duration
Power reserve

years

10

Operating accuracy at 20 C

sec./day

Operating temperature

-5+55

-5+55

-5+55

Ambient temperature

-10+55

-10+55

-10+55

Protection degree

IP

20

20

20

loss-proof screw

loss-proof screw

loss-proof screw

Sealable

yes

yes

yes

Installation type

on DIN rail

on DIN rail

on DIN rail

EN 60730-1

EN 60730-1

EN 60730-1

Terminals
Max. terminal cross-section

Modules

mm

Standards

D 365 DCF77

D 365 GPS

Rated voltage Un

230 AC

230 AC / 24 DC

Rated frequency

Hz

50/60

50/60

Power dissipation

mW

Ambient temperature

-20+60

-25+70

Protection degree

IP

54

54

Max. distance from programmer

3000

3000

pole/wall

pole/wall

Installation

32 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

Operating principle
As illustrated in the diagrams, among one of the possible
applications involves the installation of a D 365 yearly digital
time switch with two D 365 CE channel extensions in the
power supply circuit of an industrial building, where during
workdays the lighting and heating system of the various levels
of the building turn on in the morning and remain on until the
evening, in addition to periodically enabling the shift
change sirens. The large amount of memory space in the time
switch makes it possible to automate the system for the entire
current year and define all holiday periods where the loads
remain shut off. This helps to save energy and prevent the risk
of reprogramming errors. When associated
with the D 365 DCF77 antenna, the time switch will always
be synchronized with the exact time, thus avoiding having to
make adjustments over time.

Installation example
With yearly digital time switches you can automate one
or more utilities according even complex and articulated
programs with daily, weekly, monthly, and annual frequency.
In addition to switching, programming includes impulsive
controls, cyclical ON/OFF, and even astronomical functions.
Under the constant control of the D 365 model,
lighting and heating, and even sirens, will start in the various
floors at a set hour.

AUXILIARY

L1

D 365 DCF77

Application environments
The installation of a D 365 yearly digital time switch, is
particularly suited for schools, hospitals, train stations,
airports, industrial factories, public buildings, malls, etc.
where the perfect operation of all devices are required at a set
time.

D 365 D 365 CE

L1

D 365

D 365

D 365 CE 1

D 365 CE 2

D 365 CE 1

D 365 CE 2

LIGHTING

SIREN START
1st FLOOR

LIGHTING
1st FLOOR

SIREN START
2nd FLOOR

LIGHTING
2nd FLOOR

AUXILIARY

DCF77 Antenna
+

D 365

N
HEATING

ON

ON
OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

ON
ON
ON

15:30

OFF
OFF

MONDAY 23 JULY

21:30

OFF
OFF

OFF

OFF
OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF
OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF
OFF

ON

OFF

OFF

OFF

ON

ON

ON

ON

OFF
ON

OFF

MONDAY 23 JULY

15:30

ON

MONDAY 15 AUGUST

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 33

D 365 Line yearly digital time switches

Programmed with the utmost flexibility, the D 365 yearly digital time switch is ideal
for creating automated installations where several users or groups of users are
controlled separately, such as lighting, air conditioning, signalling systems or similar.

In this example installation, the D 365 yearly digital time


switch acts as a central unit. The module controls two
NO/NC contacts (channels 1 and 2) and three D 365 CE
channel extension units. This means that a total of eight users
are controlled by the system.
The D 365 CE extension, which can each control two 16 A
channels, are installed in the switchgear on each floor of the
building and dialog with the D 365 module via the electric
cables using the Powerline protocol.
The yearly digital time switch can be installed up to 50 meters
from the expansion module.
D 365 CE channel extension allow the state of the unit
and connected users to be kept under continuous local
control thanks to the LEDs on the front.
In the diagram, the system controls the power supplied
to certain users on different floors of an office building, turning
them on or off depending on the time of day, the period,
the season, when the sun rises or sets and other complex
patterns.
The system can automate this cycle throughout the entire
year, thus taking account of changes in the climate and light
intensity, holidays, periods when the company is closed, etc.

34 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

Not only does this sort of management save energy, it also


reduces wear on the equipment and cuts down on the need
for maintenance work.
When it comes to developing even extremely complex
monitoring patterns, D 365 can count on support from
800 memory locations.
The commands can be programmed via a PC using simple
software (D 365 SW). Once created, the program can be
copied into the D 365 with a USB flash drive (D 365 KEY),
or can be sent via e-mail to a LAN module (D 365 LAN)
and then to the D 365 using the Powerline communication
protocol.
D 365s backlit display clearly shows the state of the unit,
while a replaceable lithium battery ensures that the date, time
and programs remain stored for up to 10 years in the absence
of mains supply.
The D 365 module can be used in conjunction with the
D 365 DCF77 antenna so as to automatically synchronize with
the official Frankfurt time signal transmitted via radio over
a maximum range of about 2,500 km. The D 365 GPS
antenna, which uses the synchronization received from the
Global Positioning System, can be installed in applications
where greater precision is required or in the presence of
specific environmental or geographical conditions.

CH7+8

CH5+6

CH3+4

CH1+2

D 365 CE - 3

D 365 CE - 2

D 365 CE - 1

D 365
Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 35

E 232 staircase lighting time-delay switches with switch-off


warning
ABBs E 232 staircase lighting switches comprise electro-mechanical and electronic
versions, with 3 or 4-wire wiring. These devices are ideal for timed management of
lights in passageways (corridors, staircases, entrances, etc.).

Staircase lighting time-delay switches are generally


controlled by pushbuttons equipped with glow lamps.
Designed for a glow lamp current up to 150 mA, they can be
used in buildings with several floors.
The E 232 staircase lighting switch is equipped with an
electro-mechanical timer with a synchronous motor drive
that guarantees highly reliable operation in whatever position
it is installed. The switch-off time can be regulated from
1 to 7 minutes at intervals of 15 seconds and is resettable after
30 seconds.
The E 232E staircase lighting switch has an electronic timing
function. The most important features of the device are: a high
switching capacity; 150 mA filament lamp current parallel to
the pushbuttons; switch-off time adjustable from 0.5 to 20
minutes; simple use; the new, extremely silent, precise and
reliable electronic motor. The electronics allow the device
to automatically recognize 3-wire systems from 4-wire ones
without the need for manual settings.

36 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

E 232E-8/230 devices feature an additional, separate control


input with an universal voltage of 8 to 230 V AC/DC.
The Multi 10 versions also feature the integrated alarm
function (2 flashing alarm signals) in accordance with
DIN18015-2 standards and a rotary selector on the front with
10 functions to choose from, divided into 4 types: timed relay
mode, latching relay mode, timed latching relay mode and
permanently on mode.
The E 232-HLM accessory, which can be used in conjunction
with the E 232-230, E 232E-230N and E 232E-8/230N series,
allows a switch-off warning device to be activated. This dims
the light intensity by 50% once the time setting of the staircase
lighting switch has elapsed: the adjustable time range is 20 to
60 seconds.

Technical specifications
- Silent: thanks to the new electronic relay
- Practical: automatically recognizes 3 or 4-wire systems
- Powerful: switching capacity up to 3,600 VA lamp
load thanks to the pioneering type of switching mode,
and powers up to 150 mA glow lampcurrent of lighten
pushbuttons thanks to the pioneering type of switching
mode, and powers up to 150mA of lighted pushbuttons
- Flexible: 0.5 to 20 minute adjustable switch-off time
- Versatile: 8 to 230 V multivoltage auxiliary input

Further advantages of the new Multi 10 version


- Universal: four different functions, for every requirement
- Programmable: ten different operating modes
- Complete: with integrated switch-off warning

% lighting
100

Resettable

E 232-230
E 232E-230N
E 232E-8/230N

50

E 232-HLM

ON
Time t

0
Ex: 1 - 12 min

0.5 - 20 minute
time setting

20...60 sec.

First
10
Second
warning
seconds
warning
double flash
double flash

30
seconds

OFF

This function prevents the staircase


light from switching off and leaving
the user suddenly in the dark, when
hes halfway up the stairs. The
function is displayed by a double
flash of the lights, in accordance
with DIN18015-2 standards and is
compatible with halogen or filament
lamps.

The additional switch-off warning can be added to the main modes of the Multi 10 versions

% lighting
100

Resettable

E 232-230
E 232E-230N
E 232E-8/230N

50

E 232-HLM

ON
Time t

0
Ex: 1 - 12 min

20...60 sec.

The switch-off warning function


can only be obtained for the other
versions in conjunction with the
E232-HLM automatic staircase
lighting switch. This device allows the
lights to switch on for 60 minutes for
causes due to stair maintenance for
example, and is obtained by pressing
and holding (> 2 seconds) the
staircase light button. The function
can be activated with the selector on
the front of the device.

Switch-off warning function of an E 232-HLM staircase lighting switch in conjunction with a timer

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 37


0.5 - 20 minute
time setting

First
10
Second
warning
seconds
warning
double flash
double flash

30
seconds

OFF

E 232 staircase lighting time-delay switches with switch-off


warning
tt
tt

The Multi 10 version also features the integrated alarm


function (2 flashing alarm signals) in accordance with DIN
18015-2 standards and a rotary selector on the front with 10
functions to choose from, divided into 4 types, depending
on the users requirements: timed relay mode, latching relay
mode, timed latching relay mode and permanently on mode.

Timed relay mode


(positions 1 to 4)
Latching relay mode

tt
tt

(position 5)
Timed latching relay mode
(positions 6 to 9)
Permanently on mode
(position 10)

Timed relay mode (positions 1 to 4)


This mode allows the user to turn on the lights by briefly
pressing one of the staircase light buttons. The light remains
on until the automatic switch-off time setting has elapsed (the
device goes back to counting from 0 if a staircase light button
is pressed while the lights are on).

1
1
1
1

t
t
t
t

0.5 ... 20 min


0.5 ... 20 min
0.5 ... 20 min
0.5 ... 20 min

2
2
2
1
2+

- Automatic staircase light switch

ON
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF

- Lighting time reset by pressing keys again

- Automatic staircase light switch

+
+
+t

3
3
3
2
3+1h
+1h
++1h
+1h

4
4 +1h
4
3
4++1h
++1h
++1h
+

0.5 ... 20 min


0.5 ... 20 min
0.5
0.5 ...
... 20
20 min
min
0.5 ... 20 min
< 2s
< 2s
< 2s
< 2s
0.5 ... 20 min
0.5 ... 20 min
0.5 ...
... 20
20 min
min
0.5
0.5 ... 20 min
< 2s
< 2s
<
s
<2
2s
< 2s
0.5 ... 20 m i n
0.5 ... 20 m i n
0.5 ...
... 2200 m
in
0.5
min
0.5 ... 20 m i n

10 s 30 s
10 s 30 s
10 s ON
30 s
10 s OFF
30 s
> 2s
> 2s
> 2s
> 2s

10 s

30 s

> 2s
10 s
10 s
10 s
10 s

30 s
30 s
30 s
30 s

5
5
5
< 2s
4
Latching
relay mode (position 5) ON
5

- Lighting time reset by pressing keys again

ON
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF > 2s
> 2s
> 2s
> 2s
1h
1h
ON
1h
OFF
1h
> 2s
> 2s
> 2s> 2s
> 2s

1h

- Switch-off warning

- Automatic staircase light switch


- Lighting time reset by pressing keys again
- 60-minute switch-on by pressing keys and holding

ON
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
>OFF
2s
> 2s
> 2s
> 2s
1h
1h
1h
1h

> 2s

ON
OFF

down > 25
- Automatic staircase light switch
- Lighting time reset by pressing keys again
- Switch-off warning

10 s
10 s
10 s
10 s

7
7
7
6
7+

down > 25

30 s

ON
OFF
- Latching relay

t
t
t
t

0.5 ... 20 min


0.5 ... 20 min
0.5 ... 20 min
0.5 ... 20 min

ON
ON
OFF
ON ON
OFF
ON
OFFOFF
OFF

ON
+
0.5 ... 20 min
10 s 30 s ON
+
OFF
0.5lighting,
... 20 mintwilight
10 sswitches
30 s and
ON thermostats
38+
| Time,
t staircase0.5
0.5 ...
... 20
20 min
min
10 s ON
30 s OFF
ON

- 60-minute switch-on by pressing keys and holding

> 2s

ONthe lights by briefly


This
mode allows the user to turn on
+1h
OFF
ON
OFF
+
pressing one of the staircase light buttons.
The light remains
0.5 ... 20 m i n
10 s 30ON
s
1h
10 s
OFF
on until the buttons are pressed again.
OFF

6
6
6
5
6

30 s
30 s
30 s
30 s

ON
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF

0.5 ... 20 min


< 2s
< 2s

10 s OFF
30 s
> 2s

OFF
OFF > 2s

1
1

t
t
t
t

ON
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF

0.5 ... 20 min


0.5 ... 20 min
0.5 ... 20 min
0.5 ... 20 min

2
2
2
1
2+

+
+
+t

3
3
3+1h
2
3+1h
++1h
+1h

4
4 +1h
4
3
4++1h
++1h
++1h
+

0.5 ... 20 min


0.5 ... 20 min
0.5
0.5 ...
... 20
20 min
min
0.5 ... 20 min
< 2s
< 2s
< 2s
< 2s
0.5 ... 20 min
0.5 ... 20 min
0.5 ...
... 20
20 min
min
0.5
0.5 ... 20 min
< 2s
< 2s
<
s
<2
2s
< 2s
0.5 ... 20 m i n
0.5 ... 20 m i n
0.5 ...
... 2200 m
in
0.5
min
0.5 ... 20 m i n

10 s 30 s
10 s 30 s
10 s ON
30 s
10 s OFF
30 s
> 2s
> 2s
> 2s
> 2s

10 s

30 s

> 2s
10 s
10 s
10 s
10 s

30 s
30 s
30 s
30 s

ON
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF > 2s
> 2s
> 2s
> 2s
1h
1h
ON
1h
OFF
1h
> 2s
> 2s
> 2s> 2s
> 2s

1h

5
5 latching relay mode (Positions 6 to 9)
Timed
5
< 2s
> 2s
4
5
ON

ON
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
>OFF
2s
> 2s
> 2s
> 2s
1h
1h
1h
1h

ON
OFF

10 s
10 s
10 s
10 s

t
t
t
t

7
7
7+
6
7+
+
+

ON
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF

> 2s

This mode allows the user to turn on the lights by briefly


ON
+1h
OFF
pressing one of the staircase light buttons.
The light remains
ON
OFF
+
on until the set0.time
the
staircase
5 ... 20has
m i n elapsed
10 s or
30ON
s
1hlight buttons
10 s
OFF
OFF
are pressed again.

6
6
6
5
6

30 s
30 s
30 s
30 s

30 s

ON
OFF
- Timed latching relay

ON
ON
OFF
ON ON
OFF
ON
OFFOFF
OFF

0.5 ... 20 min


0.5 ... 20 min
0.5 ... 20 min
0.5 ... 20 min

- Switch-off in advance by pressing the keys

- Timed latching relay

8
8
8
7
8+1h
+1h
++1h
+1h

9
9 +1h
9
8
9++1h
++1h
+1h
++1h
+

0.5 ... 20 min


0.5 ... 20 min
0.5 ...
... 20
20 min
min
0.5
0.5 ... 20 min
< 2s
< 2s
< 2s
< 2s
< 2s
< 2s
< 2s
< 2s
0.5 ... 20 min
0.5 ... 20 min
0.5
0.5 ...
... 20
20 min
min
0.5 ... 20 min
< 2s
< 2s
< 2s
< 2s
<
<
< 2s
2s
< 2s
2s
< 2s
< 2s
0.5 ... 20 m i n
0.5 ... 20 m i n
00.5
.5 ...... 2200 m
in
min
0.5 ... 20 m i n

10
10
10
PERM < 2s
9
10
PERM

10 s 30 s
10 s 30 s
10 s ON
30 s
10 s OFF
30 s
> 2s
> 2s
> 2s
> 2s

10 s

30 s

> 2s
10 s
10 s
10 s
10 s

30 s
30 s
30 s
30 s

ON
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF > 2s
> 2s
> 2s
> 2s
1h
1h
ON
1h
OFF
1h
> 2s
> 2s
>>
2s2s
> 2s

1h

- Switch-off in advance by pressing the keys


- Switch-off warning

- Timed latching relay


- Switch-off in advance by pressing the keys

ON
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF> 2s
> 2s
> 2s
> 2s
1h
1h
1hON
1hOFF

-6
 0-minute switch-on by pressing keys and holding
down > 25
- Timed latching relay
- Switch-off in advance by pressing the keys
- Switch-off warning

10 s
10 s
10 s
10 s

> 2s
> 2s
ON
Permanent
ON(position
ON 10)
PERM
Permanently
on
mode
+1h
OFF
Permanent ON
ON
PERM
OFF
The
continuously
on when the selector is set to
+ lights remain
Permanent
ON
0.5 ... 20 m i n
10 ON
s 30 s
1h
10 s
OFF
position 10. Permanent ON
OFF

30 s
30 s
30 s
30 s

ON
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF

-6
 0-minute switch-on by pressing keys and holding
down > 25

< 2s

30 s

ON
OFF
- Continuous light

10
PERM
Permanent ON

ON
OFF

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 39

E 232 staircase lighting time-delay switches with switch-off


warning
Technical specifications
E 232-230
Type
Time range

min

E 232-HLM

electro-mechanical electro-mechanical electronic

electronic

E 232E-230
Multi 10
electronic

1-7

from 0.5 to 20

from 0.5 to 20

from 0.5 to 20

from 0.5 to 20

stepless

stepless

stepless

stepless

n
n

2060

Automatic recognition of 3/4-wire systems

E 232E-230N

E 232E-8/230N

E 232E-8/230
Multi 10
electronic

Connection in series available

Steady-light switch

Switch-off warning (after flashing)


Switch-off warning (50% dimming)

30 sec. to 20 min adjustment

60 min long-time range

Switching on zero crossing of voltage

immediate

immediate

Count reset by pressing buttons

after 30 sec.

230 V AC control voltage


Rated frequency

Hz

no

immediate

immediate

5060

5060

5060

5060

5060

5060

Power consumption

VA

Additional universal voltage

8...230 AC/DC

8...230 AC/DC

Glow lamp current

mA

max. 150

max. 150

max. 150

max. 150

max. 150

Rated switching capacity


- ohmic loads

16

16

16

16

16

- inductive loads

10

10

10

10

16

16

Filament lamp load

2300

2300

2300

2300

3600

3600

Halogen lamp load

2300

2300

2300

2300

3600

3600

Fluorescent lamp with capacitive reactor


not compensated

VA

2300

not permitted

2300

2300

3600

3600

compensated in series

VA

2300

not permitted

2300

2300

3600

3600

compensated in parallel

VA

1300

not permitted

400

400

1200

1200

duo circuit

VA

2300

not permitted

2300

2300

3600

3600

Fluorescent lamps with electronic reactor

VA

300

not permitted

300

300

1000

1000

with capacitive reactor

VA

2,000

not permitted

1,500

1,500

1,500

1,500

with electronic reactor

n/W

9x7, 6x11,

not permitted

9x7, 7x11,

9x7, 7x11,

34x7, 27x11,

34x7, 27x11,

7x15, 7x23

7x15, 7x23

24x15, 22x23

24x15, 22x23

Energy-efficient fluorescent lamps

5x15, 5x20
Contact material

Ag Sn O 2

Ag Sn O2

Ag Sn O2

Ag Sn O2

Ag Sn O2

Ag Sn O2

Contact gap

mm

0,4

<3

<3

<3

<3

Mechanical life

> 10 6

> 107

3 x 107

3 x 107

3 x 107

3 x 107
2 x 10 5

Electrical life at rated load cos = 1

> 10 5

> 10 5

2 x 10 5

2 x 10 5

2 x 10 5

Electrical life at rated load cos = 0,6

> 10 4

> 10 4

4 x 10 4

4 x 10 4

4 x 10 4

4x10 4

1NO

1NO

1NO

1NO

1NO

1NO

Contact type
Terminal section

mm

10

13

13

13

13

13

Max cable section

mm

Min cable section

mm

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

Reset interval

resettable after

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

Housing material

heat-resistant, self-extinguishing, flame-retardant thermoplastic material

30 seconds
-10+50

-10+50

-25+50

-25+50

-25+50

-25+50

Protection degree

Ambient temperature

IP20

IP20

IP20

IP20

IP20

IP20

Insulation class after installation

II

II

II

II

II

II

Modules

Marking

VDE

VDE

VDE

VDE

VDE

VDE

Mounting

on DIN rail

40 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

Operating principle
Activated by a pulse command via a pushbutton,
the E 232 staircase light switch turns on the installations
lights for a time T1. In order to avoid an unexpected darkness
the Multi10 devices are equiped with a switch-off warning
(double flash). For the standard devices this functionality can
be realized with the half light module HLM in parallel, dimming
the light by 50%.

Application environments
Installation of the E 232 staircase lighting with switch-off
warning functionality is ideal wherever the lighting must be
timed and unexpected darkness must be avoided (staircases
and passageways in public places, cellars, garages, etc.).

AUXILIARIES

L1

E 232-230

E 232 HLM

L1

Installation example
As illustrated, one among the possible applications concern
installation of the E 232 staircase switch, coupled to a HLM
half-light module, in the staircase lighting plant of a multistory
building. Pushing the push-button, the timer of the E 232
switch turns on the lights for a settable T1 time. At the end of
T1 time, the HLM half-light module dims the light by a 50% for
a T2 time in the while is possible turn on again the full lighting.

HLM

AUXILIARIES

A1

E 232-230

T
A2

PUSHBUTTON LOCATING
INDICATORS

LIGHTING
LOAD

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 41

T Line twilight switches and TWA astronomical twilight switches

T Line twilight switches command lighting circuits according to the scheduled level
of the ambient light detected by a dedicated sensor.
Since they are energy-efficient, they are particularly useful in public places (garden,
parking lots, entrances, courtyards, etc)

T Line twilight switches range allow to switch ON and switch


OFF lighting devices according to a scheduled level of the
ambient light. They are used in combination with a sensor to
detect if the ambient light is higher or lower than the set level.
A switching delay prevents them from operating unnecessarily
when the light intensity suddenly changes (e.g. lighting,
moving vehicles, etc..).
The basic version T1 in one channel, is preset a 10 lux from
factory and is equipped with 2 signaling LEDs that indicate
the set point value and display the status of the contact. The
operating instructions are printed on the side of the product.
The advanced version T1 PLUS, switches feature a setpoint
that can be adjusted for 4 different scale values:
- 240 lux
- 20200 lux
- 2002000 lux
- 200015000 lux

42 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

This make them ideal for daytime applications where the


lux values to detect is very high. T1 PLUS allows also the
possibility to adjust the relay tripping in a time ranging from
15-90 sec. for switching ON and 20-120 sec. for switching
OFF. They are equipped with 2 signaling LEDs that indicate
the setpoint value and display the status of the contact.
Astronomical switches TWA-1 and TWA-2 with 1 and 2
channels respectively, automatically command lighting circuits
according to the time the sun rises and sets. The switches
are programmed by defining the longitude and latitude of the
geographical area in which they are installed. These devices
are especially suitable when use of a twilight switch with
external sensor is inadvisable since it could be liable to faults
caused by atmospheric pollution, excessive luminosity,
or vandalism.

Main features
DIN rail version
- Lux range from 2 to 200
- 2 indication led: one for contact status and one for threshold
- Preset a 10 lux from factory
- Switching delay
- IP65 Protection degree
-W
 iring and operational diagram printed on the back of the
product
- 1 module width
- Loss-proof screw
- RoHs compliant

Why are the switches given a 10 lux factory presetting?


Public lighting provides an essential function in social life and
for public administrations, is an obligatory outlay without a
direct return on the investment.
This means that both cost and management must be
optimized while guaranteeing an efficient service. Thanks to
the 10 lux factory setting, a standard value for street lighting,
ABBs twilight switches are ready for immediate installation in
public lighting system and need no adjustment.

In addition to the PLUS version


- Lux range up to 15.000
- Four different type of lux range adjustment
- Adjustable switching delay
Pole version
- Pole and wall mounting
- Preset a 10Lux from factory
- Lux range from 2 to 200
- IP65 protection degree
-W
 iring and operation diagram printed on the back of the
product
- Switching delay
- Loss-proof screw
- RoHs compliant
Astro version
 stronomical and standard programs
-A
- 1 or 2 change over contact/s
 ermanent or temporary manual override directly activated
-P
with a single touch
- Programming key slot to run, copy or save programs
- Clear display of each contact status
- Captive glass with hinge opening
 eypad lock to prevent tampering by unauthorized
-K
personnel
- 2 modules width
- RoHS compliant

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 43

T Line twilight switches and TWA astronomical twilight switches

Technical specifications
Rated supply voltage

Contact type

T1

T1 PLUS

TWA-1

TWA-2

110 230 AC

110 230 AC

230 AC 15%

230 AC 15%

T1 POLE
110 230 AC

1NO

1NO

1NO/NC

2NO/NC

1NO polarized

Switching capacity
- resistive load cos 1

16

16

16

16

16

- inductive load cos 0,6

10

10

- incandescent lamps

cos 1

max 3600 W

max 3600 W

max 3600 W

- fluorescent lamps

cos 0.8

max 3600 W

max 3600 W

max 3600 W

- fluorescent - duo./electronic lamps

cos 0.9

max 300 W

max 300 W

max 300 W

Rated frequency

Hz

50-60

50-60

50-60

50-60

50-60

- ON

30 10%

reg. 1590 10%

120 min on astro-

120 min on astro-

30 10%

nomical intervention

nomical intervention

- OFF

40 10%

reg. 20120 10%

120 min on astro-

120 min on astro-

nomical intervention

nomical intervention

2200

Switching delay

Brightness range (with tollerance of 20%)

lux

2200

240

40 10%

20200
2002000
200015000
Time reference

quartz

quartz

56

56

1.5 sec/24h

1.5 sec/24h

10

10

- twilight switch

IP20

IP20

IP20

IP20

IP65

- sensor

IP65

IP65

IP65

Minimum switching time

min.

Max. operations per cycle


Running reserve

years

Operating accuracy
Astronomical time precision

min.

Protection degree

Operating temperature
- twilight switch

-25...+55

-25...+55

-10...+55

-10...+55

-40...+70

- sensor

-40...+70

-40...+70

-40...+70

- twilight switch

-40...+70

-40...+70

-20...+60

-20...+60

-50...+80

- sensor

-50...+80

-50...+80

-50...+80

Power consumption

VA

4.5

4.5

4.5

Max. commutable power

3500

3500

4000

4000

3500

Terminal size for cable

mm

2.5

2.5

1...6

1...6

2.5
loss-proof screw

Storage temperature

Terminals
Tightening torque:

loss-proof screw

loss-proof screw

loss-proof screw

loss-proof screw

terminals Nm

0.5

0.5

1.2

1.2

screw sensor Nm

0.4

0.4

0.4

Mounting

on DIN rail

on DIN rail

on DIN rail

on DIN rail

Switching status indication/brightness range

red LED / green LED

red LED / green LED

display LCD

display LCD

Max wiring length

100

100

Modules

EN 60669-1;

EN 60669-1;

EN 60730-1;

EN 60730-1;

EN 60669-1;

EN 60669-2-1;

EN 60669-2-1;

EN 60730-2-7

EN 60730-2-7

EN 60669-2-1;

EN 60730-1

EN 60730-1

Reference standards

44 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

EN 60730-1

T1

How to set

Lux

T1
Set the desired activation threshold (from 2 to 200 Iux), using
the lux control knob.
N.B.: the position corresponding (with approximation) to the
10 lux activation threshold is marked on the front of the item.
lf the GREEN LED is illuminated, this indicates the activation
status of the threshold.
If the RED LED is illuminated, this indicates that the relay
contact is closed (illumination lit up).

T1 PLUS
1) Set the desired lux scale (2-40; 20-200; 200-2.000;
2.000-15.000), using the lux scale control knob.
N.B.: the position corresponding (with approximation) to the
10 lux activation threshold is marked on the front of the item.
lf the GREEN LED is illuminated, this indicates the
activation status of the threshold.
If the RED LED is illuminated, this indicates that the relay
contact is closed (illumination lit up).
2) Set the desired lux percentage (0%->100%), using the lux
percentage control knob.
3) Set the switching delay (MIn -> MAX), using the switching
delay control knob.

T1 POLE
1) Switch on the power supply
2) M ake the threshold adjustment (from 2 to 200 lux) by
turning the trimmer. The lighting of the red LED represents
the achievement of the threshold set (contact closed) after
having spent a period of approximately 30 seconds. since
the last adjustment.

10
200

2
T1

Lux
10
200

T1 PLUS

MIN

0%
1

T1 PLUS
4

Sec.

T1 PLUS

MAX
Lux

MIN

100%

2
Sec.

0%
1

T1 PLUS
4

3
MIN

Sec.

MAX
Lux

100%

2
Sec.

MIN

Sec.

MAX
Lux

100%

2
Sec.

3
MIN

MAX
Lux

100%

2
3

0%
1

T1 PLUS
4

MAX
Lux

2
0%
1

MIN

3
MAX
Lux

1
4

T1 PLUS

0%
1
4

100%

2
3

0%
1
4

100%

2
3

3) S
 ecure the dome by lightening the captive screw inserted
through the bottom of the base. Tighten the screw until
the dome pressed on the gasket sufficiently to ensure a
hermetic seal.

10
Lux
200

T1 POLE

230V~ 50-60Hz IP54


16(3)A / 250V~ -40...+70 C

T1 POLE

230V~ 50-60Hz IP54


16(3)A / 250V~ -40...+70 C

Threshold adjustment

Assembly diagram

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 45

T Line twilight switches and TWA astronomical twilight switches

TWA-1 e TWA-2
TWA-1

Programming

TWA-2

Longitude

Latitude

North

North

Greenwich me
ri

di

90

T = Longitude 60 East

South

105

90

75

60

-7

-6

-5

-4

45

30

15

-3

-2

-1

Latitude
60

75

90

+4

+5

+6

45

15

30

+1

+2

+3

North
105

75

-5

an

Easter Island

(CHILE)

-4

-9

-6

- 10

Cook Islands
(N.Z.)

15

60

-9 1/2

Hudson
Bay

C A N
F r e n A
c h
PD
o l y n A
e s i

RICA

-1
Itseqqortoomiit
VENEZUELA
(Scoresbysund)

-4

Dallas

ISLANDS

- 10

KINGDOM
London

EL SALVADOR
L

NETH.
BEL.

LAN

E IS
DS

(N.Z.)

F r e n c h

.
Y.R.O.M.

GUINEA-BISSAU

0
GUINEA

.(St. Helena)
Istanbul

TURKEY

BENIN

TOGO
GHANA

ARMENIA

Kisangani UGANDA

PARAGUAY
Easter Island

OCEAN

(CHILE)

30
ARCHIPILAGO
JUAN FERN NDEZ
(CHILE)

-3

UDT

- 10

BURMA

+ 6 1/2
Bay of
Bengal
(INDIA)

IS

RY

+6

THAILAND

11

I SL A N

DS

(N.Z.)

NORTH

45

Tasman
Sea

Tasmania

PACIFIC
OCEAN

+8

NEW
ZEALAND

(INDIA)

+9

+ 10

30

Eastward across
+ 11 Date Line
+ 12

+ 10

MARSHALL
ISLANDS

+11

I N D O N E S I A

(U.K.)

EAST
TIMOR

PAPUA
NEW GUINEA

+ 12
KIRIBATI
(GILBERT
ISLANDS)

0
K I R I B A T I
RAWAKI
(PHOENIX
ISLANDS)

SOLOMON
ISLANDS

-12

(N.Z.)

-10

SAMOA

15
FIJI

VANUATU

TONGA
-11

Islands

(AUSTL.)

INDIAN

New
Caledonia

Alice Springs

(FRANCE)

AUSTRALIA

OCEAN

Norffolk Island
(AUSTL.)

111/2

+ 9 1/2

KERMADEC
ISLANDS

Sydney

(N.Z.)

Lord Howe
Island

+ 10 1/2

Great Australian
Bight

Tasman
Sea

French
r
Southern and Antarctic Lands

Tasmania

NEW
ZEALAND

(FRANCE)

-8

-7

WEST

-6

-5

-4

Tokelau

TUVALU

Coral
Coral Sea Sea

Gough Island

(Islas Malvinas)
(administered by U.K.
claimed by ARGENTINA)

+5

15

(U.S.)

FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA


PALAU

M A L A Y S I A

Cocos
(Keeling) Islands

-10

add 24 hours
Guam

PHILIPPINES

BRUNEI

30

45

CHATHAM
ISLANDS

ILES CROZET

(N.Z.)

+12 3/4

ILES KERGUELEN

r. S and Ant. Lands)


(Fr.

+5

South Georgia and the


South Sandwich Islands

-3

-2

Universal DayTime (UDT)


-1

Subtract time zone number from UDT to obtain local time.

46 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

+1

UDT

+2

+3

Add time zone number to UDT yo obtain local time

+4

+5

+6

- 12

Johnston
Atoll
(U.S.)

(U.S.)

(St. Helena)

1000 Miles

La

(N.Z.)

+12 3/4

EAST
Westward across Date Line

Northern
Mariana
Islands

MAURITIUS

(Fr.
r. S and Ant. Lands)

30

45

CHATHAM
ISLANDS

subtract 24 hours

South China
Sea

+ 51/2

NICOBAR
ISLANDS

(St. Helena)

PRINCE EDWARD
ISLANDS

15

Perth

(SOUTH AFRICA)

KERMADEC
ISLANDS

(AUST.)

+ 10 1/2

(AUSTL.)

+3

International Date Line

- 1/210
U.S. (AUSTL.)
UT I A N

Lord Howe
Island

+ 61/2

SWAZILAND

-10

AN

Philippine
Sea

Manila

VIETNAM

British Indian
Ocean Territory

Reunion
(FRANCE)

(N.Z.)

SAMOA

Norffolk Island

A LE

Sydney

NAURU

MOZAMBIQUE
Mozambique
Channel
MADAGASCAR

Tokelau

TONGA
-11

New
Caledonia

SINGAPORE

+6

-12

FIJI

(FRANCE)

(JAP

+7

Hong Kong S.A.R.


Macau S.A.R

CAMBODIA

ISLANDS

+6

SRI
LANKA

+5

+5
LAOS

LESOTHO

Falkland Islands

-9

ANDAMAN

(INDIA)

MALDIVES

S
ND

+9

TRISTAN DA CUNHA

(administered by U.K.
claimed by ARGENTINA)

-11

Arabian
Sea

LA

Tokyo

Shanghai

BHUTAN

BANGLADESH

Kolkata (Calcutta) +

LAKSHADWEEP

St. Helena

1000 Kilometers
500

+8

IS

IL

0
K I R I B A T I
RAWAKI
(PHOENIX
ISLANDS)

Coral VANUATU
SeaBering Sea

Great Australian
occupied by the SOVIET UNION in 1945
administered by RUSSIA, claimed by JAPAN
Bight

JAPAN

SOUTH
KOREA

ILES KERGUELEN

R
KU

15

KIRIBATI
(GILBERT
ISLANDS)

60

(AUST.)

CHILE

NEPAL

+ 53/4

+3

(YEMEN)

Miller Cylindrical Projection


500

Sakhalin

Sea

-9

Sea of
Japan

NORTH
KOREA

C H I N A
+5

MALAWI

BOTSWANA

SOUTH
AFRICA

Beijing

(FRANCE)
ILES CROZET

INDIA

KENYA

+ 12
Chukchi

TUVALU

Alice Springs
Sea
U Okhotsk
SofT R APetropavlovskLIA
+ 9 1/2 Kamchatskiy

+ 10

URUGUAY

Scale 1:85,000,000 at 0
0

French
r
Southern and Antarctic Lands

1/2
Add
time zone number to Mumbai
UDT yo obtain local
+ 5time
+4
(Bombay)
Socotra

MARSHALL
ISLANDS

SOLOMON
ISLANDS

(AUSTL.)

Lake Baikal

(Fr.
r. S and Ant. Lands)

+ 12

Coral Sea
Islands

OCEAN

+5

PAPUA
NEW GUINEA

Magadan

Perth

PAKISTAN

+2

Wrangel
Island

+11

INDIAN

+5

OMAN

YEMEN

East Siberian Sea


PALAU

+ 10

(U.S.)

-10

add 24 hours

75

(U.S.)

EAST
TIMOR

Johnston
Atoll

Westward across Date Line

Guam

Buenos Aires

ARGENTINAA

45

Yakutsk

+ 61/2

BURUNDI

ZIMBABWE

(U.K.)

(AUSTL.)

+7

+8

+9

La

30

subtract 24 hours

+ 10

(U.S.)

+8

Reunion
(FRANCE)

COMOROS

(St. Helena)

NAMIBIA

Cocos
(Keeling) Islands

45

Eastward across Date Line


Northern
Mariana
Islands

+11

r. S and Ant. Lands)


(Fr.

SEYCHELLES

ATLANTIC

DS

N)

I N D O N E S I A

+9

I SL A N

PA

Nairobi

ANGOLA

So Paulo

QATAR
UNITED ARAB
EMIRATES

SAUDI + 1
ARABIA
+3

DJIBOUTI

RWANDA

DEM. REP.
OF THE CONGO

ZAMBIA

(U.K)

KYRGYSTAN

PRINCE EDWARD
ISLANDS

(SOUTH AFRICA)

TANZANIA

(FRANCE)

+6
U

MAURITIUS

+3

TAJIKISTAN

SOMALIA

St. Helena

SOUTH

(U.K.)

+7

AFGHANISTAN

41/2

+ 11

NAURU

COMOROS

UZBEKISTAN

180

M A L A Y S I A

British Indian
Ocean Territory

UT I A N

P+ A
CIF
IC
- 12 - 11
12
OCEAN

(JA

Philippine
Sea

BRUNEI

KAZAKHSTAN
+6

ETHIOPIA

Kinshasa

Brasilia

(INDIA)

A LE

S
ND

FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA

MONGOLIA

Persian
Gulf

KUWAIT

SUDAN
+2

Ascension (St. Helena)

BRAZIL

+5

South China
Sea

+ 51/2

BAHRAIN

Red
Sea
ERITREA

REP. OF
THE
CONGO

+6

SRI
LANKA

MALDIVES

PHILIPPINES

NICOBAR
ISLANDS

LA

SINGAPORE

Astana
SWAZILAND

TURKMENISTAN

CENTRAL
AFRICAN REPUBLIC

GABON

(INDIA)

KENYA

Tehran

EGYPT

CAMEROON

Annobon

(INDIA)

+5

LESOTHO

I R A N
+ 31/2

Universal DayTime (UDT)

+1

NIGERIA

Caspian
Sea
AZERBAIJAN

IRAQ
JORDAN

-1

Lagos

EQUATORIAL GUINEA

CAMBODIA

ISLANDS

Tokyo

Manila

VIETNAM

ANDAMAN

NEW SIBERIAN ISLANDS

THAILAND

IS

occupied by the SOVIET UNION in 1945


administered by RUSSIA, claimed by JAPAN

OCEAN
RY

Bay of
Bengal

IL

+9

Vladivostok

SYRIA

LEB.
ISRAEL

Cairo

CHAD

BURKINA
FASO

CTE
D'IVOIRE

(FRANCE)

Arabian
Sea

MALAWI

Aral
Sea

R
KU

165

JAPAN

+ 10

Hong Kong S.A.R.


Macau S.A.R

LAOS

60

- 10

U.S.

PetropavlovskKamchatskiy

NORTH

Sea of
Japan

150

SOUTH
KOREA

ARCTIC
BURMA

+ 6 1/2

-9

Bering Sea

NORTH
KOREA

Shanghai

Laptev Sea

LAKSHADWEEP

MOZAMBIQUE
ZIMBABWE
Mozambique
Channel
Omsk
MADAGASCAR
Novosibirsk
BOTSWANA

SOUTH
AFRICA

NIGER

MALI

LIBERIA

French Guiana

-4

Pitcairn Islands

Wrangel
Island

+ 12

Sea
of
Okhotsk

+ 10

H I N A+ 9

BHUTAN

- 11

-11

Magadan

BANGLADESH

+ 5 1/2

Mumbai
(Bombay)

(YEMEN)

+4

CYPRUS

LIBYA

(EQ. GUI.)

OCEAN

P o l y n e s i a

- 12

T =+ 10 Latitude 45 North

Yakutsk

Nairobi

Samara

(U.K.)

MAURITANIA Subtract time zone number from UDT to obtain local time.

CAPE VERDE

NAMIBIA

NEPAL

3/4
SEVERNAYA + 5
ZEMLYA

Kolkata (Calcutta)

Socotra
DJIBOUTI

Perm'

Izhevsk

Moscow

South

+8

INDIA

SOMALIA

+4

+ 8C

BURUNDI

ZAMBIA

+3

Beijing

+7

PAKISTAN

YEMEN

ERITREA

RWANDA

DEM. REP.
OF THE CONGO

+11

+9

90I

(St. Helena)

South Georgia and the


South Sandwich Islands

SAO TOME
AND PRINCIPE

BOLIVIA

+ 12

Chukchi
Sea

135

120

+5

QATAR
UNITED ARAB

EMIRATES
SAUDI
Kara Sea
ARABIA
OMAN
+3
+4

ETHIOPIA

ANGOLA

St. Helena

GREECE

-2

+ 41/2

SEYCHELLES

Black Sea
BULGARIA Gough
Island
GEORGIA

(administered by U.K.
claimed by ARGENTINA)

SIERRA LEONE

Lima

PACIFIC

+ 11

East Siberian Sea

Sakhalin

105

+ 6AFGHANISTAN

Persian
Gulf

KUWAIT

Kisangani UGANDA

REP. OF
THE
CONGO

GABON

KYRGYSTAN

BAHRAIN

CENTRAL
AFRICAN REPUBLIC

MOLDOVA

Mediterranean Sea

Gulf of Guinea

PERU

SOUTH

ALB.

Tehran

I R A N
+ 31/2

EGYPT

ZEMLYA
+2

ROMANIATRISTAN DA CUNHA

MALTA

Manaus

-5

ILES MARQUISES

-9 1/2

BOS.& SER. &


HER.
MONT.

+5
IRAQ

CAMEROON

UKRAINE

SLOV..

HUNG.

CRO.

TUNISIA

-3

THE GAMBIA

ECUADOR

- 12

75

Novosibirsk

TAJIKISTAN

90

TANZANIA

St. Helena

OCEAN

CZ. REP.
AUS.
SLO.

SPAIN

-4

VENEZUELA

(ECUADOR)

- 10

Cook Islands

Lagos

GHANA

(St. Helena)

BELARUS

Casablanca

Western
Sahara

SENEGAL

SURINAME

45

180

+12 3/4

+ 12

NEW SIBERIAN ISLANDS

MONGOLIA

TURKMENISTAN

JORDAN

+ 3 SUDAN
NOVAYA

+1

NIGERIA

FINLAND

POLAND

GERMANY

SWITZ

Rome

PORTUGAL

-5

TRINIDAD AND
TOBAGO

PANAMA

LIN
GALAPAGOS
ISLANDS

(French Polynesia)

15

TOGO

LITH.

-1
MOROCCO

Caribbean Sea

GUYANA

- 12

BENIN

CTE
D'IVOIRE

A TRUS.L A N T I C

ITALY

CANARY ISLANDS

JAMAICA

COLOMBIA

K I R I B A T I

BURKINA
Barents
Sea
FASO

GUINEA

S O U LAT.
TH
DENMARK

LUX.

FRANCE

Falkland Islands

NICARAGUA
COSTA
RICA

CHAD

St. Petersburg

Paris

URUGUAY

(Islas
Malvinas)
MADEIRA
ISLANDS by U.K.
(administered
T
claimed (PORT.)
by ARGENTINA)

WEST

HONDURAS

Laptev Sea

Astana

UZBEKISTAN

75

Red
Sea

Annobon

NORWAY

North
Sea

UNITED

Buenos Aires

AZORES

HAITI DOMINICAN
REPUBLIC

BELIZE

+8

KAZAKHSTAN
+6

Caspian
Sea
AZERBAIJAN

ARMENIA

SYRIA

LEB.
ISRAEL

NIGER

CUBA

GUATEMALA

15

-6

LIBYA

SAO TOME
AND PRINCIPE

CHILE

-7

165

+ 11

Vladivostok

TURKEY

Mediterranean Sea

FRANZ JOSEF
LAND

EST.

So Paulo

ARGENTINAA

OCEAN

-8

+7

(N.Z.)

150

+ 10

O+ C
E A N + 10
9

EAST

Lake Baikal

Aral
Sea

+ 4 CYPRUS

MALTA

Gulf of Guinea

Brasilia

-3

(CHILE)

(PORT.)

THE
BAHAMAS

-9

+ TUNISIA
3

EQUATORIAL GUINEA

ALGERIA
- 10 Mexico

Mexico

135

+9

+6

+8

Omsk

GEORGIA

.
Istanbul

60

Ascension (St. Helena)

SWEDEN

(SPAIN)

Gulf of

-11

MEXICO

U.S..
HAWAIIN

SEVERNAYA
+5
ZEMLYA

+7

+4

Black Sea

Kinshasa

IRELAND

ARCHIPILAGO
JUAN FERN NDEZ

NORTH
Bermuda
(U.K.)

UDT

Samara

Cairo

Norwegian

BRAZIL

ATLANTIC

1000 Miles

+4

120

+8

r
EquatAo
RCTIC

Perm'

MOLDOVA

BULGARIA

.
Y.R.O.M.

GREECE

45

Sea

PARAGUAY

(FRANCE)

-5

-6

500

ALB.

SPAIN

MALI

+4

Izhevsk

ROMANIA

BOS.& SER. &


HER.
MONT.

ALGERIA

-4

Island of
Newfoundland

Chicago

-7

+3

+2

Kara Sea

NOVAYA
ZEMLYA

UKRAINE

SLOV..

HUNG.

CRO.

MOROCCO

LIBERIA

(FRANCE)

SURINAME

ICELAND

Easter Island

Scale 1:85,000,000 at 0New


York

Denver

r. S and Ant. Lands)


(Fr.

Add time zone number to UDT yo obtain local time

Moscow

MAURITANIA

French Guiana

BOLIVIA

- 31/2

Cylindrical Projection
U N45 I TMiller
E
D
TATES
0
500 1000S
Kilometers

Los Angeles

SLO.

(SPAIN)

CAPE VERDE

Jan Mayen

Lima

St. Pierre
and Miquelon

Toronto

CZ. REP.
AUS.

SWITZ

+ 2Casablanca

MADEIRA
ISLANDS
(PORT.)
T

Manaus

-5
Denmark
Strait
PERU

+3

LITH.

CANARY ISLANDS

SIERRA LEONE

(CHILE)

45

GERMANY
LUX.

30

GUINEA-BISSAU

(NORWAY)
GUYANA

Sea

Winnipeg

BEL.

(EQ. GUI.)

(ECUADOR)

PACIFIC

Qubec

OCEAN

+1

TRINIDAD AND
TOBAGO

(U.K)

30

-8

-1

SENEGAL

ECUADOR

GALAPAGOS
ISLANDS

Nuuk (Godth b)

Pitcairn Islands

Edmonton

NORTH

(PORT.)

15

THE GAMBIA

O C ELabrador
AN

10ILES
5 KERGUELEN
++5 7

POLAND

Rome

PORTUGAL

AZORES

Caribbean Sea

PANAMA

30

CHATHAM
ISLANDS

ILES CROZET

(Fr.
r. S and Ant. Lands)

+6

+5

BELARUS

NETH.

Western
Sahara

COLOMBIA

SOUTH

KINGDOM
London

RUS.

ITALY

Greenland
Sea

HAITI DOMINICAN
REPUBLIC
JAMAICA

HONDURAS

- 3COSTA

(FRANCE)

PACIFIC

IRELAND

DENMARK

Paris

(DENMARK)
NICARAGUA

ILES MARQUISES

+3

St. Petersburg

LAT.

North
Sea

UNITED

THE
BAHAMAS

(French Polynesia)

Anchorage

90+ 5

(SOUTH AFRICA)

+1

0
FRANZ JOSEF
LAND

FINLAND
EST.

FRANCE

EL SALVADOR
L

Davis
Strait

-1

-2

Barents Sea

SWEDEN

OCEAN

CUBA

Greenland

Iqaluit
(Frobisher Bay)

-3

T = Longitude 60 East

(NORWAY)

Gulf of
Mexico

BELIZE

Repulse Bay

- 12

NEW
ZEALAND

NORTH

LAND

K I R I B A T I

Dawson

+ 10 1/2

Bermuda
(U.K.)

-5

E IS
LIN

U.S.

75

+5

ICELAND

ATLANTIC

-1

-2

-7

Lord Howe
Island

Tasman
Sea
Tasmania

+ 10

EAST

+ 11

+ 12

- 12

-11

SOUTH

Beaufort Sea

-9

-3

Baffin
Bay

-4
(NORWAY)

PRINCE EDWARD
ISLANDS

60

+4
Universal DayTime (UDT)

Greenland
Sea

Lo
NORTH

15

-5

GUATEMALA

(N.Z.)

Sydney

ND

- 31/2
(FRANCE)

Mexico

15

75

-5

EAST

South

St. Pierre
and Miquelon

S T A T 3E
S
0

MEXICO

-4

KERMADEC
ISLANDS

International Date Line

-6

- 10

111/2

International Date Line

ISLANDS

(administered by U.K.
claimed by ARGENTINA)

(NORWAY)

Svalbard

Qaanaaq
(Thule)

U.S..
HAWAIIN

(AUSTL.)

LA

Dallas

15

Norffolk Island

+ 9 1/2

IS

-4

Los Angeles

-10

(FRANCE)

AUSTRALIA

-5

OCEAN

(N.Z.)

TONGA
-11

New
Caledonia

Alice Springs

-7
30

Tokelau

SAMOA

(AUSTL.)

ND

-8

OCEAN

-12

FIJI

VANUATU

Islands

LA

-9

RAWAKI
(PHOENIX
ISLANDS)

TUVALU

Coral
Coral Sea Sea

Perth

IS

- 10

ARCTIC

-6

0
K I R I B A T I

SOLOMON
ISLANDS

PAPUA
NEW GUINEA

-11

Denmark
Strait

Nuuk (Godth b)

New York

Denver

-7

+3

South Georgia and the


South Sandwich Islands

Jan Mayen

Island of
Newfoundland

U
60 N I T E D
45

+2

Subtract time zone number from UDT to obtain local time.

Itseqqortoomiit
(Scoresbysund)

Labrador
Sea

Qubec

-8

KIRIBATI
(GILBERT
ISLANDS)

T = Latitude 45 North

EAST
TIMOR

South

OCEAN

15

+ 12

Great Australian
Bight

45

30

(administered by U.K.
claimed by ARGENTINA)

NORWAY

Toronto

75

90

(AUSTL.)

+ 61/2

UT

Davis
Strait

Iqaluit
(Frobisher Bay)

Chicago

90

+11

I N D O N E S I A
Cocos
(Keeling) Islands

Norwegian

Winnipeg

45

NORTH

(U.S.)

-10

add 24 hours

MARSHALL
ISLANDS

PALAU

NAURU

(U.K.)

Johnston
Atoll

Westward across Date Line

(U.S.)

(AUST.)

Falkland Islands
15 (Islas
Malvinas)

Hudson
Bay

P A C I -F6I C

subtract 24 hours

+ 10
Guam

(St. Helena)

+1

-6

-1

-3

-4

105

Eastward across Date Line


Northern
Mariana
Islands
(U.S.)

(St. Helena)

Svalbard

La

30

Sea

-6

Programming parameters
120

-7

(DENMARK)

Edmonton

135

-8

0Greenland

C A N A D A

150

180

-5

Repulse Bay

Dawson

60

45

N)

FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA

BRUNEI

LESOTHO

DS

PA

(JA

Gough Island

WEST

Baffin
Bay

Anchorage

165

15

-1

WEST
- 10

M A L A Y S I A

INDIAN

Reunion
(FRANCE)

I SL A N

(FRANCE)

30

-2

1000 Miles

-3

-11

Philippine
Sea

TRISTAN DA CUNHA

1000 Kilometers
500

(INDIA)

SO

-9

30

500

45

NORTH

Buenos Aires

Miller Cylindrical Projection

45

60

Manila

PHILIPPINES

South China
Sea

MAURITIUS

SWAZILAND

SOUTH
AFRICA

occupied by the SOVIET UNION in 1945


administered by RUSSIA, claimed by JAPAN

PACIFIC

French
r
Southern and Antarctic Lands

-7

U.S.

MOZAMBIQUE
Mozambique
Channel
MADAGASCAR

+3

(U.K.)

ISL

UT I A N

OCEAN

URUGUAY

Lo

ARGENTINAA

CHILE

Scale 1:85,000,000 at 0

-4

-6

-3

BOTSWANA

+6

RY

Hong Kong S.A.R.


Macau S.A.R

VIETNAM

CAMBODIA

British Indian
Ocean Territory

St. Helena

OCEAN

(CHILE)

30

ARCHIPILAGO
JUAN FERN NDEZ

NAMIBIA

ATLANTIC

So Paulo

PARAGUAY

(U.K)

75

Beaufort Sea

South

Pitcairn Islands

LAOS

+ 51/2

NICOBAR
ISLANDS

SRI
LANKA

+6

SEYCHELLES

MALAWI

ZIMBABWE

RIL

+9

SINGAPORE

COMOROS

(St. Helena)

KU

JAPAN

Tokyo

Shanghai

THAILAND

ISLANDS

+5

TANZANIA

St. Helena

SOUTH

+ 6 1/2

Bay of
Bengal

ANDAMAN

MALDIVES

BURUNDI

Kinshasa

BURMA

90
(INDIA)

Nairobi

ANGOLA

Brasilia

BANGLADESH

Kolkata (Calcutta)

+ 5 1/2

LAKSHADWEEP
(INDIA)

60

A LE

DS
AN

Sea of
Japan

NORTH
KOREA

SOUTH
KOREA

+8

BHUTAN

INDIA
Mumbai
(Bombay)

Arabian
Sea

(YEMEN)

KENYA

RWANDA

Ascension (St. Helena)

BRAZIL
BOLIVIA

OCEAN

Socotra

Kisangani UGANDA

DEM. REP.
OF THE CONGO

Annobon

T = Longitude 60 East

-4

NEPAL

+ 53/4

OMAN

+4

YEMEN

SOMALIA
REP. OF
THE
CONGO

0
North

+5

ETHIOPIA

CAMEROON

GABON

+ 10

Beijing

PAKISTAN

QATAR
UNITED ARAB
EMIRATES

SAUDI
ARABIA
+3

ERITREA

DJIBOUTI

-9

- 10

U.S.

PetropavlovskKamchatskiy

Equator

C H I N A

BAHRAIN

EGYPT

+ 12

Magadan

Bering Sea

KYRGYSTAN

+ 41/2

Persian
Gulf

KUWAIT

ZAMBIA

(FRANCE)

Qaanaaq
(Thule)

Universal Date
Time
+1 hour
: to return to the previous =
step.

Manaus

-5

JORDAN

CENTRAL
AFRICAN REPUBLIC

+ 10

Sea
of
Okhotsk

TAJIKISTAN

AFGHANISTAN

Latitude 41 NORTH

di

Greenwich me
ri

90

-6

Lagos

GHANA

EQUATORIAL GUINEA

SAO TOME
AND PRINCIPE

Lima

PACIFIC

UZBEKISTAN
TURKMENISTAN

I R A N
+ 31/2

IRAQ

Red
Sea

Gulf of Guinea

PERU

P o l y n e s i a

(FRANCE)

Yakutsk

Sakhalin

Tehran

SYRIA

SUDAN
+2

+1

NIGERIA

105

-7

F r e n c h

LIBERIA

French Guiana

BENIN

TOGO

(EQ. GUI.)

(ECUADOR)

(French Polynesia)

SOUTH

LIBYA

CHAD

BURKINA
FASO

CTE
D'IVOIRE

+9

Vladivostok
ARMENIA

TURKEY

LEB.
ISRAEL

MONGOLIA

Caspian
Sea
AZERBAIJAN

GEORGIA

.
Istanbul

CYPRUS

NIGER

MALI

0
GUINEA

SIERRA LEONE

VENEZUELA

Aral
Sea

Black Sea

BULGARIA

.
Y.R.O.M.

MAURITANIA

SENEGAL
THE GAMBIA
GUINEA-BISSAU

SURINAME

ALB.

Mediterranean Sea

Cairo

Western
Sahara

CAPE VERDE

TRINIDAD AND
TOBAGO

ECUADOR

ILES MARQUISES

-9 1/2

TUNISIA

- 11

Wrangel
Island

+8

KAZAKHSTAN
+6

Latitude

MOROCCO

Novosibirsk

Astana

ROMANIA

BOS.& SER. &


HER.
MONT.

GREECE

Casablanca

(PORT.)
T

- 12

Chukchi
Sea

Lake Baikal

MOLDOVA

HUNG.

CRO.

MALTA

MADEIRA
ISLANDS
CANARY ISLANDS

EAST

HAITI DOMINICAN
REPUBLIC

PANAMA

GALAPAGOS
ISLANDS

K I R I B A T I

- 12

SLO.

Rome

SPAIN

-1

Omsk

UKRAINE

SLOV..

180

+ 12

East Siberian Sea

UT

120

-8

THE
BAHAMAS

Caribbean Sea

NICARAGUA

GUYANA

- 10

AZORES

OCEAN

COLOMBIA

(N.Z.)

AUS.

SWITZ

ITALY
PORTUGAL

180
(PORT.)

JAMAICA

HONDURAS

COSTA
RICA

Cook Islands

CZ. REP.

+7

Perm'

+4

Samara

POLAND

GERMANY
LUX.

FRANCE

NORTH
ATLANTIC

CUBA

BELIZE

EL SALVADOR
L

DS

135

-9

GUATEMALA

AN

150

- 10

Mexico

- 10

E ISL

-11

Gulf of
Mexico

MEXICO

U.S..

15

BEL.

+4

Izhevsk

BELARUS

(FRANCE)

Bermuda
(U.K.)

+3
Moscow

LITH.

RUS.

Paris

St. Pierre
and Miquelon

-5

+5

St. Petersburg

LAT.
DENMARK

NETH.

ALGERIA

15

KINGDOM
London

(SPAIN)

HAWAIIN
ISLANDS

Qubec

New York

WEST

STATES

-6

Dallas

FINLAND
EST.

North
Sea

UNITED
IRELAND

- 31/2

Toronto

-7

North

OCEAN

30

SWEDEN
NORWAY

Chicago

UNITED

Los Angeles

ICELAND

Island of
Newfoundland

Denver

-8

PACIFIC

Denmark
Strait

Nuuk (Godth b)

Labrador
Sea

-4

LIN

165

Iqaluit
(Frobisher Bay)

165

+ 11

+11

NORTH

Longitude

Longitude 12 EAST

Sea

Winnipeg

45

(NORWAY)

Hudson
Bay

150

+ 10

OCEAN

NEW SIBERIAN ISLANDS

75
NOVAYA
ZEMLYA

Jan Mayen

Norwegian
Davis
Strait

C A N A D A
Edmonton

Ex: ROME

La

Dawson

Anchorage

Itseqqortoomiit
(Scoresbysund)

-5
-6

Greenwich me

-9

60

selezione modalit di funzionamento.


Longitude 12 EAST
Lo
: selection of
operating
mode. stabilito.
funzionamento
secondo
programma
new: per
la programmazione.
mode
of running according to the program selected.
Latitude
modif
per for
modificare
il La
programma
esistente. 41 NORTH
: new
programming
mode.
verifica
del programma.
: modif
to modify an existing program.
modifica
dell'ora,
data e selezione
: checking
of della
the program.
Universal Date
+ 1della
UDT
modalit di cambiamento orario estivo/ invernale
.
: modification of time, date and selection of Time = +1 hour
astro
: modalit astronomica.
the winter/summer timechange mode.
: indica che il canale si trova in modalit astronomica.
astro
: astronomical mode.
+e: navigazione
o regolazione
dei valori.
: indicates
that the channel
is in astronomical mode.
(TWA-1)
: navigation
or settingauto,
of values.
C1 + ,and
C2 - (TWA-2)
: in modalit
selezione delle
- impostazioni
(TWA-1)o delle deroghe.
ARCTIC
OCEAN
C1
, C2
(TWA-2): in auto mode, selection of overrides,
enter
: per convalidare le informazioni lampeggianti.
or waivers.
: per ritornare alla fase precedente.
enter
:+
to 1validate flashing information on display.
UDT

+3

Barents Sea

-1

-3

-7

Repulse Bay

+9

ARCTIC

Laptev Sea

(DENMARK)

Baffin
Bay

n
ia

Beaufort Sea

U.S.

135

+8

Kara Sea

SO

Tasti
Keys
menu
:
auto menu:
progauto :
progprog :
prog :
:

Greenland

75

Greenland
Sea

NOR
TH

Ex: ROME

ri d

DT-VK

-4

FRANZ JOSEF
LAND

NOR
TH

Qaanaaq
(Thule)

90

SEVERNAYA
ZEMLYA

(NORWAY)

-6

120

+7

Svalbard

NORTH

120

-8

OCEAN

NORTH

135

-9

SOUTH

Lo

North

150

- 10

ARCTIC

International Date Line

-11

International Date Line

Longitude

165

T = Latitude 45 North

South

ND

Lo

Equator

EAST

SOUTH

UDT

180

WEST

Universal Date
Time = +1 hour

+1

menu

enter

Latitude 41 NORTH

LA

menu

La

H
UT

enter

C2

Longitude 12 EAST

International Date Line

+
C1

Lo

SO

an

Ex: ROME

NOR
TH

90

-11

T Line twilight switches

Operating principle
The diagram is an example of a T1 twilight switch installed
in a mall lighting system. When outdoor light drops under a
certain level (for example, in the evening store closing hours),
the device turns on window and sign lights. Lights can be
turned off during the night to rationalize consumption thanks
to the AT1 time switch.

Application environments
The installation of a T1 twilight switch with AT
electro-mechanical time switch is especially suited for
environments and situations in which energy consumption
rationalization is required (stores, office and public walkways,
car parks, parks, etc.).

Installation example
As shown in the diagrams, one of the possible applications
consists in the installation of a T1 twilight switch in a mall
lighting system. When outdoor light drops under a certain
level (for example, in the evening store closing hours), the
twilight switch turns on window and sign lights. Lights can be
turned of during the night thanks to the AT1 timer switch
which keeps the circuit open until the next morning. When
outdoor lighting returns over the limit, the twilight relay returns
to the open position.

AUXILIARIES

L1

sensor

T1

AT1

L1

AT1
4

AUXILIARIES

T1
3

T1
N

LIGHTING

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 47

TWA astronomical twilight switches

Operating principle
Installation of a twilight astronomical switch in a system is
particularly useful in places and situations where light sources
or other environmental conditions may cause changes in the
lux level. In these cases, TWA-1 and TWA-2 enable control of
the lighting system depending on the time when the sun rises
and sets, based on the geographic location where they are
installed.

Application environments
The TWA-1 and TWA-2 astronomical twilight switches
are particularly suitable for use in applications where
the operation of a twilight switch with external sensor is
potentially subject to alteration or damage from external
agents (e.g. smog, overexposure to light, vandalism etc.).

Installation example
One cause of reductions in the level of ambient light is
atmospheric smog. Particle deposits on the external sensor of
a traditional twilight switch can over time compromise its
operation, preventing the activation of the lighting systems
controlled. As illustrated in the diagrams, it is possible to
counter this type of problem by installing a TWA-1
astronomical twilight switch, which controls the lighting based
on the ambient light level calculated from the preset longitude
and latitude parameters.

AUXILIARIES

L1

TWA-1

L1

TWA-1
8

AUXILIARIES

TWA-1
1

N
LIGHTING

48 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 49

T1 POLE twilight switches

Operating principle
This diagram is an example of the installation of a pole
mounting T1 POLE twilight switch in a highways lighting plant.
When the daylight dims below a set level, i.e. below 10 lux,
the device turns on the lighting devices in tunnels, service
areas, access road, etc. T1 POLE will turn off the lights when
morning daylight raise above 10 lux.

Application environments
The pole mounting T1 POLE twilight switch installation can be
ideal to light command in public roadways thanks to its
capability of installation in pole, lamppost, etc.

AUXILIARIES

L1

AUXILIARI

T1 POLE
ROW OF
STREET
LAMPS

L1

Installation example
AUXILIARIES one
L1
N
As illustrated in the diagram,
among
the possible
applications concern the installation of a pole mounting
T1 POLE twilight switch in a highway lighting plant. When
daylight dims below a set level (e.g. during twilight) the switch
turns on the lighting devices, assuring the requested lighting.
At dawn, when the light raise above the set threshold, the
relays of T1 POLE returns in open position.

N
AUXILIARIES

STREET
LAMPS 1

STREET
LAMPS 2

STREET
LAMPS 3

T1 POLE
ROW OF
STREET
LAMPS

N
LIGHTING

50 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

STREET
LAMPS 4

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 51

THS modular thermostats

THS series thermostats are able to control a wide range of refrigeration and heating
applications.

The THS-C and THS-W models, both equipped with a


potential-free switching contact, represent the optimum
solution for regulating the temperature in heating systems
and industrial applications and for controlling the temperature
in refrigerated counters, greenhouses, dryers or tilting
isothermal portals.
THS-1 and THS-4 sensors, which can be used in conjunction
with the THS-C and THS-W thermostats, function within
a -30 C and +130 C temperature range.
The THS-S model, with two potential-free independent
contacts and equipped with a remote sensor included
in the package, is indicated for controlling the temperature
of switchboards, providing a cooling adjustment in the
range +20 C to +60 C and anticondensation function
in the range 0 C to +10 C.

52 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

Did you know that controlling the temperature in


switchboards with the new THS-S thermostat is now
simpler?
Unlike conventional models designed for installation on walls
or panels, the THS-S modular thermostat is better able to
control the temperature in switchboards since it is mounted
on a DIN-rail, which needs no fastening accessories, and
thanks to the capacity of the relay that allows it to control
over 3kW of heating elements without the use of external
contactors.

Ease of use
The possibility of setting one or two temperature setpoints
on the front of the device and adjusting them without having
to use any tools simplifies the configuration procedure. The
instructions and diagrams are shown on the side of the
product to ensure that the necessary information is always
readily available when needed.

Accuracy
The tiny temperature difference ensures the temperature set is
maintained with great accuracy.

Visibility
Two indicator LEDs enable you to check the operation of the
device at a glance: the yellow LED signals a sensor shortcircuit and the green LED indicates the state of the contact.

Compact size
Since it is so small in size, just two DIN modules, the THS
thermostat can be used in a number of applications, even
where space is a critical factor.

Rated voltage

Contact type

Safety
The lead-sealable and undetachable glass cover ensures
maximum protection against tampering by unauthorized staff.

THS-C

THS-W

THS-S

230 AC

230 AC

230 AC

1NO/NC

1NO/NC

2NO

Contact capacity
- resistive loads

16

16

16

- inductive loads

Frequency

Hz

50-60

50-60

50-60

1 continuously adjustable

1 continuously adjustable

2 continuously adjustable

Number of temperature setpoints


Adjustment range

-20...+40

0...+60

0+10/+20+60

Max switching power

3500

3500

3500

Differential

Thermal gradient

1 K/15 minutes

1 K/15 minutes

1 K/15 minutes

Type of operation

ON/OFF fixed differential

ON/OFF fixed differential

ON/OFF fixed differential

Max section of cables at terminals

mm

2.5

2.5

2.5

Protection degree

IP

20

20

20

LED indicator

LED indicator

LED indicator

Relay ON/OFF indication


Temperature tolerance

Operatin temperature

0...+50

0...+50

0...+ 70

Storage temperature

-10...+65

-10...+65

-10...+70

DIN rail

DIN rail

DIN rail

0.5

0.5

0.5

thermoplastic/grey RAL 7035

thermoplastic/grey RAL 7035

thermoplastic/grey RAL 7035

Type of application

services-providing/industrial sector

services-providing/industrial sector

services-providing/industrial sector

Programming

graduated scales with mechanical pointer

graduated scales with mechanical pointer

graduated scales with mechanical pointer

Type of installation
Tightening torque

Nm

Case / colour
Power consumption

VA

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 53

THS modular thermostats

The THS-C and THS-W modular thermostats regulate the


temperature differentially, as indicated in the figure below.
When the THS-C thermostat detects a temperature below
the setpoint, it closes contact 1 until the temperature returns
above the setpoint. It then reopens the contact and, when the
temperature drops below the differential again, the cycle is
repeated.
The THS-W thermostat works in the same way but the relay
closes contact 5 when the temperature exceeds the maximum
setpoint.

Green LED:
load state indication

Temperature regulation knob

Differential

Time

Load

THS-C operating example

Switchboard temperature

Maximum setpoint

Minimum setpoint

Sensor installation

Time

The temperature sensor (supplied separately) is made of


brass, encapsulated in silicone rubber, impermeable and
resistant to high temperatures (130 C). It is 1.5 or 4 metres
long and may be positioned at a distance of up to 100
metres.

Cooling contact

Heating

Yellow LED:
sensor short-circuit indication
on = sensor short-circuited

54 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

Differential

Time

Load

As shown in the figure, the THS-S modular thermostat


activates:
- the fan or the conditioner, when the temperature in the
switchboard exceeds maximum setpoint set using the knob
at the top;
- the heating device connected, when the temperature in the
switchboard drops below the minimum setpoint set using
the knob at the bottom.

Green LED on:


cooling on
Cooling temperature regulating knob
Adjustment range: from +20 C to +60 C
Green LED on:
heating on

Switchboard temperature

Heating temperature regulating knob


Adjustment range: from 0 C to +10 C

Maximum setpoint

Minimum setpoint

Time
Cooling contact
Heating

THS-S operating example

Sensor istallation
The temperature measuring sensor, which is included
in the package, has an operating range of -30 C to
+85 C and can be set at a distance of up to 100 m.

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 55

THS modular thermostats

Operating principle
Modular thermometers let you control and keep a heating or
cooling element at a set temperature, comparing the value
read by the sensor with the one set by the user.
The THS range can thus guarantee switchboard operating
reliability, perfect product conservation in refrigerated
counters or cells, promote greenhouse production, optimise
drying cycles, etc.

Application environments
THS thermostat installation is thus the best way to regulate
temperature in automation and distribution switchboards,
in heating systems, in industrial applications or to control
refrigerator systems, greenhouses, dryers or isothermal
folding portals.

Installation example
As shown in the diagrams, one of the possible applications
consists in the installation of a THS-S modular thermostat
inside an automation or distribution switchboard where the
temperature must be kept at a set value. Thanks to the THS-S
thermostat, you can thus control the temperature, permitting
cooling regulations between +20 +60 C and
anti-condensation between 0 +10 C. Furthermore, you can
manage up to 3 kW of point heaters without having to use any
external contactors to manage the load.

AUXILIARIES

L1

sensor

THS-S

L1

THS-S
AUXILIARIES

THS-S

Heating

Cooling

SENSOR
8

THS-S

10
N

56 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 57

Guide to installation in residential buildings

Advanced technologies and


performance: ABBs solutions integrate
perfectly and provide a complete,
functional and elegant system able to
meet the requirements of every domestic
and working environment.
9

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Outdoor lights in the garden


Irrigation pumps for the garden
Circulation pumps for swimming pools
Staircase and garage lights
Temperature and lighting control in greenhouses
Skylights
Temperature and lighting control in cellars
Rolling shutter opening/closing
Pumps for fountains and canals
Temperature and lighting control in reptile vivariums
and/or aquariums
11 - Turning convectors on/off
12 - Heating elements in the roof

2
4

THS-W

AT3

AT2-R

58 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

E 232-E230Multi 10

T1 PLUS

T1

11

D1

12

10

THS-S

E 232-230

AT1-R

THS-C

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 59

Guide to installation in residential buildings

1 - The outdoor garden lights


are controlled by the T1 twilight
switch, which turns them on and
off according to the preset level of
luminosity.

7 - E 232-230Multi 10 turns on
the cellar lights when the button is
pressed. The lights then remain on
until the button is pressed again.
However, the lights will still be turned
off after a preset time if the user
forgets to press the button.

2 - An AT2 electro-mechanical time


switch controls the irrigation pumps in
the garden by means of programmed
time settings.

8 - Thanks to twilight switch T1, the


shutters at the windows of a house
are controlled depending on the
luminosity level outdoors.

3 - The swimming pool water pump


is regulated by digital time switch D1,
which allows the various jets to be
controlled separately.

9 - The pump that circulates the


water is controlled by the AT3-7R
electro-mechanical time switch
according to the programmed setting.

4 - E 232-230Multi 10 turns on the


staircase lights for the preset time
and warns the user with a double
flash before they go out.

10 - The temperature in the reptile


vivarium or aquarium is regulated
by the heating elements or fans
controlled by the THS thermostat.

5 - The heating function in


greenhouses is regulated by model
THS-W, installed in the switchboard
along with an AT3 time switch, which
controls the irrigation time and a
T line twilight switch that
automatically turns on the lights.

11 - The convectors are automatically


regulated by the D1 time switch
according to the program selected.

6 - The skylight can be opened and


closed to suit requirements by digital
time switch D1, or by the T1 PLUS
twilight switch for daytime
applications.

12 - The roof temperature can be


monitored instant by instant by
means of the THS, so as to turn on
the heating elements and prevent ice
from forming.

60 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 61

Guide to installation in commercial buildings

Use of time switches, twilight switches,


thermostats and staircase light switches
achieves considerable energy savings
in commercial applications. Lights and
comfort functions will only be available
when required in places open to the
public and those reserved to personnel,
thus avoiding waste and helping to
protect the environment.
3

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

Shop window lights


Conditioning and lighting systems
Main switchboard
Lights in corridors, rooms
Street lighting
Lighting of monuments
Church bells
Lighting in amusement parks
Lighting in parking lots
Circulation pump of public fountains
Advertising sign control
Christmas lights

T1 POLE

THS-S

T1

62 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

TWA-1

AT2-R

D1

10

12
6

11

E 232-230

D2
Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 63

Guide to installation in commercial buildings

1 - The lighting in shop windows is


controlled by the T1 twilight switch
which, in conjunction with one of the
AT or D Line series of time switches,
turns off the lights overnight to avoid
wasting energy.

7 - Thanks to the D1 digital time


switch, the bells of a church are
controlled with one of the various
different advanced functions allowing
the user to regulate the intervals of
time between one stroke and the next
as required.

2 - The lighting and heating systems


are controlled separately by means of
a D2 two-channel digital time switch.

8 - The lights in an amusement


park are controlled by the TWA-1
astronomical twilight switch which,
without an external sensor, allows
them to function regularly without
being affected by interference that
could cause faults.

3 - Distribution switchboard with


cooling fan and heating elements
controlled by model THS-S.

9 - The lights in a parking lot can


be controlled according to the time
of day or the level of luminosity
outdoors, functions which are
achieved with an AT electromechanical or D Line digital time
switch, or by means of a T Line
twilight switch, respectively.

4 - The sensor in the corridor


activates E 232-230, which keeps the
lights in the rooms and corridors on
until the selected time terminates.

10 - The systems that pump the


water in the fountains are controlled
by the D1 digital time switch which,
thanks to its advanced functions,
creates plays of water like a sparkling
waterfall or an elegant spray in a very
simple way.

5 - Twilight switch T1 POLE, which


can be installed on a pole or wall, has
a 10 lux presetting and allows the
public street lighting to be controlled
in a very simple way.

11 - Advertising signs run at preset


times thanks to a weekly or annual
program defined by a D Line or
D 365 series of digital time switches.

6 - The artistically arranged lighting


for the buildings and monuments in
cities is controlled by the D1 digital
time switch, which provides a vast
range of functions to suit the type of
effect required.

12 - In conjunction with the D1 digital


time switch, the T1 twilight switch is
able to control skylights automatically
according to the level of outdoor
luminosity, creating lighting effects
thanks to the different functions
provided by the D Line digital time
switch itself.

64 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 65

Guide to installation in industrial buildings

Designed for ease of use, safety,


comfort and energy savings, ABBs
products optimize consumptions and
increase the efficiency in industries by
automating the use of pumps, valves,
fans and motors with programs defined
according to time, temperature or light
intensity settings.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

Temperature control in switchboards


Temperature control in floor heating coils
Control of monitoring equipment
Re-circulating and mixing pumps
Food bins, galvanic tanks, etc.
Motorized valve control
Control of generic motors
Air circulation fans for special areas
Control of cold rooms
Road safety barriers
Control of electric fences
Control of the lighting systems in tunnels

10

THS-S

THS-W

THS-C

66 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

AT3-R

T1 PLUS

D2

11

AT2-7R

12

D1
Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 67

Guide to installation in industrial buildings

1 - The temperature in the


switchboards is controlled by the
THS-S, which maintains it at the
selected setpoint.

7 - Various different types of motors


can be controlled by the D1 digital
time switch, which cuts down on the
energy wasted thanks to its advanced
timing functions.

2 - The temperature of the coils is


detected by the external sensor of the
THS thermostat, which controls the
temperature according to the preset
value.

8 - Air circulation fans for special


areas are automated by the AT
weekly time switch as established by
the program settings.

3 - The AT electro-mechanical or
D Line digital time switch can control
various different devices in simple
operating systems that do not use
a PLC.

9 - The THS-C model controls the


cooling function in the cold room.

4 - Various pump models for


re-circulation or mixing functions can
be controlled by the AT series
electro-mechanical time switches.

10 - Road safety barriers for access


to unauthorized areas on certain
days of the year for example, can be
conveniently controlled by an hourly
program in the D1 digital time switch.

5 - The temperature in tanks, like


the ones used for foodstuffs, is kept
accurately at a setpoint by means of
THS thermostats, thus ensuring high
quality processing results.

11 - To prevent unauthorized persons


or animals from accessing areas
during the night, the electric fence
is controlled by the D1 digital time
switch, which keeps it activated at
preset times of the day.

6 - Motor-operated valves are


controlled according to the
temperature detected by the THS
thermostat, which achieves higher
thermal precision thanks to the low
differential.

12 - The lighting systems in tunnels


are controlled by the T1 PLUS so as
to guarantee the correct degree of
visual perception inside and of the
indications in the lighting systems in
the external areas just outside the
tunnels.

68 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 69

Guide to installation in the agrifood sector

This application example highlights


the versatile features of the THS
range, which is able to create the
ideal environment in every situation
by adjusting the temperature in the
switchboards and ensuring reliable
operation: in cold rooms and refrigerated
counters so as to perfectly preserve the
foodstuffs, in greenhouses to encourage
plant growth and in dryers to optimize
the processing cycles.

1
2
3
4

Temperature control in distribution switchboards


Refrigeration control in cold rooms
Temperature control in greenhouses
Temperature control of dryers

THS-S

THS-W

THS-C

70 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

AT3-R

T1 PLUS

D2

1 - Distribution switchboard with


cooling fan and heating elements
controlled by model THS-S.

2 - The THS-C model controls the


cooling function in the cold room.

3 - The heating function in


greenhouses is regulated by model
THS-W, installed in the switchboard
along with an AT time switch, which
controls the irrigation time and a
T Line twilight switch that
automatically turns on the lights.

4 - The correct temperature in the


dryer is guaranteed by model THS-W.

AT2-7R

D1
Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 71

Order codes

AT and ATP electro-mechanical time switches


Contact

Version

Description
type

ABB code

Bbn 8012542
EAN

Piece weight
kg

Nr of
Pack.
modules

1NO

Daily

AT1

2CSM204205R0601

042051

0.095

1NO

Daily with running reserve

AT1-R

2CSM204215R0601

042150

0.095

1NO/1NC

Daily

AT2

2CSM204105R0601

041054

0.118

1NO/1NC

Daily with running reserve

AT2-R

2CSM204115R0601

041153

0.118

1NO/1NC

Weekly with running reserve

AT2-7R

2CSM204125R0601

041252

0.118

1NO/1NC

Daily

AT3

2CSM204225R0601

042259

0.174

1NO/1NC

Daily with running reserve

AT3-R

2CSM204235R0601

042358

0.176

1NO/1NC

Weekly with running reserve

AT3-7R

2CSM204245R0601

042457

0.177

1NO/1NC

Daily

ATP

2CSM259233R0601

592334

0.142

1NO/1NC

Daily with running reserve

ATP-R

2CSM258053R0601

580539

0.142

1NO/1NC

Weekly with running reserve

ATP-7R

2CSM256873R0601

568735

0.142

D Line and D 365 Line digital time switches


Contact

Version

Description
type

ABB code

Bbn 8012542
EAN

Piece weight
kg

Nr of
Pack.
modules

1NO/NC

1 channel

D1

2CSM258763R0621

587637

0.140

1NO/NC

1 channel with key

D1 PLUS

2CSM257583R0621

575832

0.140

1NO/NC

1 channel with key synchronizable

D1 SYNCHRO

2CSM257493R0621

574934

0.140

2NO/NC

2 channels

D2

2CSM256313R0621

563136

0.140

2NO/NC

2 channels with key

D2 PLUS

2CSM277583R0621

775836

0.140

2NO/NC

2 channels with key synchronizable

D2 SYNCHRO

2CSM277363R0621

773634

0.140

Programming key

D KEY

2CSM277143R0621

771432

0.002

Programming software for D Line

D SW

2CSM299973R0621

999737

0.005

DCF77 antenna for D Line

D DCF77

2CSM299983R0621

999836

0.150

GPS antenna for D Line

D GPS

2CSM299993R0621

999935

0.150

2NO/NC

2 channels with key synchronizable

D 365

2CSM256973R0621

569732

0.250

2NO/NC

2 channels extension

D 365 CE

2CSM259463R0621

594635

0.210

LAN module

D 365 LAN

2CSM256603R0621

566038

0.320

Programming KEY

D 365 KEY

2CSM258283R0621

582830

0.120

DCF77 antenna for D 365

D 365 DCF77

2CSM257103R0621

571032

0.290

GPS antenna for D 365

D 365 GPS

2CSM259323R0621

593232

0.470

72 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

E 232 staircase lighting switches


Time settings Version

Description
type

ABB code

Bbn 8012542
EAN

Piece weight
kg

Nr of
Pack.
modules

1...7 min

Electro-mechanical staircase light switch

E 232-230V

2CDE110000R0501

548243

0.081

10

0.520 min

Electronic staircase light switch

E 232E-230N

2CDE110003R0511

654166

0.083

10

0.520 min

Multivoltage electr. staircase light switch

E 232E-8/230N

2CDE010003R0511

654173

0.092

10

0.520 min

Multifunction electr. staircase light switch

E 232E-230Multi 10

2CDE110013R0511

654180

0.082

10

0.520 min

Multifunction multitvoltage electr. staircase light switch

E 232E-8/230Multi 10

2CDE010013R0511

654197

0.093

10

2060 sec

Switch-off warning device

E 232-HLM

2CDE150000R0521

548281

0.075

10

ABB code

Bbn 8012542
EAN

Piece weight
kg

Nr of
Pack.
modules

T Line twilight switches and TWA astronomical twilight switches


Contact

Version

Description
type

1NO

Twilight switch, 1 CH

T1

2CSM295563R1341

955634

0.076

1NO

Twilight switch advanced, 1 CH

T1 PLUS

2CSM295793R1341

957935

0.078

1NO

Twilight switch pole mounted, 1 CH

T1 POLE

2CSM295753R1341

957539

0.140

External sensor

LS-D

2CSM295723R1341

957232

0.069

1NO/NC

Astronomical twilight switch, 1 CH

TWA-1

2CSM204365R1341

043652

0.160

2NO/NC

Astronomical twilight switch, 2 CH

TWA-2

2CSM204375R1341

043751

0.160

Description
type

ABB code

Bbn 8012542
EAN

Piece weight
kg

Nr of
Pack.
modules

THS modular thermostats


Contact

Version

1NO/NC

Modular thermostat 0+60 C

THS-W

2CSM207083R1380

070832

0.180

1NO/NC

Modular thermostat -20+40 C

THS-C

2CSM251163R1380

511632

0.180

2NO

Modular thermostat for switchboards

THS-S

2CSM236803R1380

368038

0.200

Temperature detecting sensor, 1.5 m

THS-1

2CSM202033R1380

020332

0.0035

Temperature detecting sensor, 4 m

THS-4

2CSM277603R1380

776031

0.0035

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 73

Wiring diagrams

AT and ATP electro-mechanical time switches


AT1, AT1-R

AT2, AT2-R, AT2-7R

AT3, AT3-R, AT3-7R

ATP, ATP-R, ATP-7R

L
N

L
N

L
N

L
N

1 3 5 L N
4

3
M
2

M
2

10 12

D Line and D 365 Line digital time switches


D1, D1 PLUS

D2, D2 PLUS

D1 SYNCHRO

D2 SYNCHRO
D DCF77
D GPS

D DCF77
D GPS

1 3 5 7 L

1 3 5 7 L

1 3 5 7 L

1 3 5 7 L

2 4 6 8 N

2 4 6 8 N

2 4 6 8 N

2 4 6 8 N

IE

L1

N
L

L2

IE2

L1

N
L

N
L

D 365

IE1

D 365 CE

N
L

D 365 LAN

BUS DCF77/GPS

5 6 7 + - L

5 6 7 L

C2

C2

C1

C1

1 2 3

S N

RJ45

1 2 3 N

74 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

L2

E 232 staircase lighting switches


4-wire configuration
E 232-230

3-wire configuration
E 232-230

3-wire configuration
E 232 HML

4-wire configuration
E 232 HML

max. 50 mA

max. 50 mA

max. 50 mA

L
N

3-wire configuration
E 232E-230N

L
N

230 V~10%

4-wire configuration
E 232E-230N

3-wire configuration
E 232E-230Multi 10

230 V~10%

4-wire configuration
E 232E-230Multi 10

L
N

L
N

L
N

L
N

3-wire configuration
E 232E-8/230N

4-wire configuration
E 232E-8/230N

3-wire configuration
E 232E-8/230Multi 10

4-wire configuration
E 232E-8/230Multi 10

AC/DC
8...240V

AC/DC
8...240V

AC/DC
8...240V

AC/DC
8...240V

L
N

B2 B3

B2 B3

B2 B3

B2 B3

L
N

L
N

L
N

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 75

Wiring diagrams

T Line twilight switches and TWA astronomical twilight switches


T1, T1 PLUS

T1 POLE
230 V~ -30T60
16 (3)A / 250 V~

L N

L
N

TWA-1

TWA-2

L
N

L
N

L N
1 3 5 7

1 3 5 7

2 4 6 8

2 4 6 8

Max 100 m
L

230 V~

230 V~

230 V~

THS modular thermostats


THS-C

THS-W

Heating

Cooling

230 V~

THS-S

230 V~

1 3 5 L N

1 3 5 L N

2 4 6 8 10

2 4 6 8 10

76 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

230 V~

1 3 5 L N

2 4

6 8 10

Overall dimensions

AT and ATP electro-mechanical time switches


AT1
AT1-R

AT2
AT2-R
AT2-7R

L N

2
2

17.8

35

45

88.5

AT3
AT3-R
AT3-7R

10 12

54

44
60

72

72

66

ATP
ATP-R
ATP-7R

19
35
47

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 77

Overall dimensions

D Line and D 365 Line digital time switches

90

45

D1, D1 PLUS, D2, D2 PLUS


D1 SYNCHRO, D2 SYNCHRO

43.8

35

60

D 365 LAN

D 365 CE

52.5

52.5

45

90

D 365

35

43.8
60

D 365 GPS
28

D 365 DCF77

190

190

120

80

E 232 staircase lighting switches

17.5

58

17.5

44
59

78 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

17.5

44
58

17.5

45

45

90

E 232E-230Multi 10
E 232E-8/230Multi 10

90

45

45
44

E 232E-230N
E 232E-8/230N

88

E 232-230

90

E 232-HLM

44
58

T Line twilight switches and TWA astronomical twilight switches


T1

T1 PLUS
3

17.5

65

45

86

45

86

76

LS-D

70

17.5

TWA-1, TWA-2
3

117

85

45

T1 POLE

35

65

35.8

43.8
60

70

35

THS modular thermostats


THS-W

THS-S
1 3 5 L N

2 4 6 8 10

2 4 6 8 10

2 4 6 8 10

35

35

35

90
45

1 3 5 L N

90

1 3 5 L N

60

45

THS-C

60

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 79

Frequent queries and problem-solving

When is it better to use a digital time


switch rather than an electro-mechanical
one?

The permanent OFF position is not


available in the 1-channel model.
How can it be obtained?

Can more than one sensor be


connected with models T1 and
T1 PLUS?
Can different types of sensors be
connected with models T1 and
T1 PLUS?
When must an astronomical time switch
be used?

80 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

Digital time switches are more accurate, take less time


to switch and have many more programming functions
(impulsive, cyclic, random, vacation modes, etc.) than
electro-mechanical time switches. Moreover, they have
a longer-lasting running reserve (years instead of hours)
since they have no moving mechanical parts. Whatever the
application, when there are numerous, frequent and different
operations (daily, weekly or annual), the D or D365 Line series
time switches provide a better performance with only a little
difference in price.

The permanent OFF position is used for servicing work or


holiday periods. In both cases, the load can be disconnected
permanently by merely disconnecting the protection on the
supply side.

No, one sensor must always be used for each device.

No, the only sensor allowed is the LS-D type.

When the length of the connection between the device


and sensor exceeds 100 m, or when the connection is
too complicated (e.g., switchboard installed in a cellar).
When the sensor cannot be installed away from light sources
(amusement parks, camp sites, etc.).
When external agents prevent the sensor from functioning
correctly, e.g. pollution or vandalism.

Glossary

electro-mechanical: time switch programmed by moving the


positions of the metal tabs and synchronized with a quartz
battery or via the network frequency.
digital: electronic time switch equipped with an LCD display
and sometimes with a programming key so that programs can
be exchanged.
daily time setting: 24-hour periodic programming.
hourly time setting: 1-hour periodic programming.
weekly time setting: 7-day periodic programming.

GPS: the Global Positioning System (GPS) is a satellite


positioning system with continuous, worldwide coverage. It is
controlled by the US Department of Defense. The GPS system
combines the time supplied by various atomic clocks installed
on board its satellites, while a network of terrestrial stations
determines and corrects the errors. Since the time is obtained
from several different sources at the same time, the clock can
automatically compensate for propagation delays and other
problems, thus achieving a precision of less than one second.
Astronomical time switch: twilight or digital time switch able
to forecast the exact time the sun rises and sets according to
the date and latitude in which it is installed, without requiring
an external light sensor.

yearly time setting: 1-year periodic programming.


running reserve: interval of time during which a switch may
function normally without network supply voltage thanks
to an internal backup battery.
minimum switching time: the shortest time between an
ON-OFF cycle.
metal tabs: small sliding metal segments, generally arranged
in a circle on the frontal dial of an electro-mechanical time
switch. Their width represents the minimum switching time.
impulsive programming: programming function with an
extremely short load switching time.
cyclic program: programming function for periodically
switching the load.

switching delay: switching delay of a twilight switch.


It prevents untimely switching due to rapid changes in the
degree of light caused by external factors (e.g. the headlights
of a vehicle or the shadow cast by a cloud).
hysteresis: interval between light intensity values that cause
the ON-OFF switch to function: it prevents switching
oscillations at dawn and dusk.
EEPROM memory: programmable, non-volatile electronic
memory device that keeps store and safe the time and date
settings even during a power failure.
network frequency synchronizing: synchronizing system
of an electro-mechanical time switch by means of the network
frequency, usually ensured by a contract with a Public Utility
Company.

lux: this is the International Systems unit of measurement for


illumination (lx symbol).
DCF77: the official German time signal permanently
transmitted from Mainflingen, Germany (500 01 N, 09 00 E)
with 50kW power. The emitters reception range is around
2,500km with a precision of 1 second every 300,000 years.

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 81

For your notes

82 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

For your notes

Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats | 83

For your notes

84 | Time, staircase lighting, twilight switches and thermostats

ABB SACE
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to modify the contents of this document on the basis of technical
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2CSC440020B0203 - 03/2014 - 1.000 CAL

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