design doc box steel

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design doc box steel

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PROJECT

Note no

SUBJECT

669/N-262

Date

By

5-Aug-16

ANK

Rev

0

Sheet

Checked

ASK

Design of section III i.e sec at intermediate support, P12 & P13

24.0 Check for Stage-I Loading

Moment of resistance of Box section as Compact Structural section, laterally supported at every 10 M

fy=

fck=

Step 1:

350 Mpa

40 Mpa

350000 kN/sqm

40000 kN/sqm

200

200

mo=

1.1

bf=

1400

tf =

x

yt

36

thk top plate

tw =

1732

1804

yb

20

thk vertical plate

1000

x

36

1000

thk bottom plate

Longitudainl stiffeners to compression flange has been ignored while calculating sectional properties of Box girder

on conservative side.

b

(m)

1.4

Area

Y frm bot

AY

AY2

Ix (self)

Iy (self)

(m)

(m2)

(m)

(m2)

(m3)

(m4)

(m4)

0.036

0.0504

1.786

0.0900144

0.16076572

5.443E-06

0.06249056 0.05636649

0.02

1.732

0.06928

0.902

0.036

0.036

0.018

1.804

1.557E-01

Total

2 nos.

8.232E-03

Iyy at CG

(m4)

8.232E-03

1.732E-02

2.309E-06

1.664E-02

0.000648

1.1664E-05

3.888E-06

3.000E-03

3.000E-03

1.532E-01

2.171E-01

1.733E-02

1.123E-02

0.028

2.79E+10

Area

0.15568

m2 =

yb

0.98 m

yt

0.8210 m

Ixx at CG

1.73E-02

155680 mm2

2.17E-01

0.04377865

0.00015829

0.03106948

9.233E-02

Zb

Zt girder

8.38E-02

0.98

1.56E-01 x

8.38E-02 m4 =

0.0852 m3 =

8.52E+07 mm3

0.1021 m3 =

1.02E+08 mm3

Zyy= Iyy/(b/2)

(0.0279 /(1/2))=

0.0558 m3 =

Least Radius of Gyration

ryy =

Iyy/ A

(0.0279 /0.15568)^0.5

0.424 m

424 mm

5.58E+07 mm3

0.084

0.821

Since hogging Bending moment is governing, the girder design is done based on only girder properties,

Without advantage of composite section.

Compression flange and webs are checked as per Table 2 of IRC-24.

* Check for web thickness requirement

Average stress =

Design compressive stress =

r1 or r2

0.062

For web to be a semi compact section,

d

=

126 *

tw

1 + 2* r2

tw

18.945 Mpa

304.5 Mpa

18.29

<

b=

960 mm

tf =

36 mm

b

=

26.7

tf

Limiting Value for section to be compact =

=

Step 2:

20

33.5*

28.31

mm

>

26.7

2

0.98376773 =

8.38E+10 mm4

PROJECT

SUBJECT

at midspan

at midspan

Design

Working Design

Load factors Working

1 Self weight

2 Deck Load

3 Construction Live Load

Wind load at construction

4 stage

Step 3:

669/N-262

Load case

1.35

1.35

1.35

-1846

-8673

-2711

1.35

-2492.1

-11708.6

-3659.9

0

0

0

0

0

0

Kv=

E=

=

tw=

tcer=

132.3

788.4

222.75

-216

-216.0

1859

2509.7

1143.5

20.05

200000 N/sqmm

0.2

0.020 mm

20.05X(3.14^2) X200000

12(1-0.2^2)[1.732/0.02)^2

=

=

39536996

86394.93

457.64 Mpa

Now, w= (/(3,))

<1.2

b= [1-0.8*(w-0.8)]* fyw/(3)

=

223.90 mpa

Vcr = (0.06928 X10^6)223.9

15511.80 kN

Hence, nominal shear strength Vn for Webs with stiffeners governed by buckling is

Vn= Vcr

Design Strength Vd = Vn / mo

= 15511.8/1.1

361.8

1594.4

553.5

Design

-160

= (350/1.73 X 457.64)

=

0.665

268

1181

410

Mx-Torsional

Moment

-160

=

1m

= Depth of web

=

1.732 m

Therefore Kv=

Fy=Max Shear(kN) at

support locations

Working

Design

Checked

ASK

ANK

-17860.6

By

5-Aug-16

= (/(3,))

4.0+5.35(c/d)

Date

-13230

Nominal shear reisistance of Box section under Pure shear = Vd

Vd= Vn/mo

Kv =

Rev

0

Sheet

Note no

PROJECT

Note no

SUBJECT

669/N-262

Vd=

=

=

=

=

0.6Vd

15511.8/1.1

14101.64 kN

0.6 X 14101.64

8460.984 kN

Date

By

5-Aug-16

ANK

kN

Design shear

2509.7 kN

T

2A0

Where,

T

A0

=

=

=

=

=

920.7 kN

Enclosed area within the box section

960

X

1732

1662720

sqmm

1.663

sqm

=

=

=

921

1.663

553.8

kN/m

553.8 x 1.804

999

kN

=

2509.7

+

999

Total Design Shear =3508.8kN

<

3508.8

kN

0.6Vd = 8460.984

As design shear does not exceed 0.6Vd no reduction in moment capacity is necessary.

Thus moment capcacity is determined as follows :Mp

b * Zp * fy / mo

Area of section= 155680

A/2=

155680/2 = 77840

Location of NA=

686

sqmm

sqmm

mm from top

50400x(686+18) + [686x 2 x 20 x 343] + [1046x 2 x 20 x 523] + ( 1000x36x1064)

=

44893520

+

60186320

=

1.05E+08

mm3

Plastic moment Capacity of the section :- Mp = Z p X fbd

Hence Mp =

105079840

x

304.5

=

3.20E+10 Nmm

Mp

=

31996.9 kNm

Therefore,

3.20E+04 kNm

<

17860.6

31996.9 kNm

fbd=0.87fy

Zp (about y axis)

=

Zpy=

0.0605872 m3

0.060587

.Plastic section Modulus about minor axis

= (0.0605872X304.5X1000)

18449 kNm

Therefore,

Mz

Mz

My

My

<1

17860.6

3.20E+04

216.0

18448.8024

0.57

< 1.0, Hence OK

Rev

0

Sheet

Checked

ASK

PROJECT

SUBJECT

Rev

0

Sheet

Note no

669/N-262

Date

By

5-Aug-16

ANK

Checked

ASK

26.0 Ultimate Limit State

Load combination-1

1

2

3

4

Self weight

Deck Load

SIDL-Wearing Coat

SIDL-Parapet

Live load(Leading load),

6 including CF Effect

Wind load (Accompanying

7 load)

Load factors

Moments Mz(kNm)

Working

Design

Moments My(kNm)

Working Design

Shear(kN)

Working

Design

Torsion(kNm)

Design

1.35

1.35

1.75

1.35

-1486

-8673

-2098

-2910

-2492

-11709

-3671.5

-3928.5

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

268

1181

311

350

362

1594

544.3

472.5

132

788

203

533

1.5

-4337

-6505.5

670

1005

750

0.9

0

-19504

0

-28306.2

328

328

295.2

295.2

0

2780

0

3978

0

2407.0

Load combination-2

1

2

3

4

Self weight

Deck Load

SIDL-Wearing Coat

SIDL-Parapet

6 load)

Wind load

7 (Leading load)

Design Moment =

Moment Capacity =

Check =

Load factors

1.35

1.35

1.75

1.35

Moments Mz(kNm)

Working

Design

-1486

-2006.1

-8673

-11708.6

-2098

-3671.5

-2910

-3928.5

Moments My(kNm)

Working Design

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Shear(kN)

Working

Design

268

361.8

1181

1594.4

311

544.3

350

472.5

Torsion(kNm)

Design

132

788

203

533

1.15

-4337

-4987.6

670

770.5

575

1.5

0

-19504

0

-26302.3

328

328

492

492

0

2780

0

3743.5

0

2232.0

28306.2 kNm

31997 kNm

295.2 kNm

18448.8 kNm

Ratio =

0.91

PERMISSIBLE STRESS IN SHEAR

d

=

1732 mm

t

=

20 mm

d/t

=

86.6 >>

Min.spacing of stiffeners

Spacing of stiffeners as provided

Hence stiffeners are required.

mm

1.5D

=

1732

=

1000.0

mm

self wt + diaphragm

deck slab

SIDL

=

=

=

LL

Total

=

=

Shear on each web

c

27.1 Normal shear stress

=

=

=

1989.00

20

361.80

1594.40

544.30

472.50

1005.00

3978.00

3978.00 kN

1989.00 kN

1000

1732

kN

kN

kN

kN

kN

kN

57.42 N/mm2

T

2A0 tw

Torsional moment = T

A0 = Enclosed area within the box section

=

=

=

=

2407.0

960

1662720

1.67

kNm

x

sqmm

sqm

Web thickness = tw

20

mm

1732

57.42

2406.95x 10^6

2x 1662720 x 20

+

36.20

36.2

93.62

N/mm2

N/mm2

PROJECT

SUBJECT

Rev

0

Sheet

Note no

669/N-262

Date

By

5-Aug-16

ANK

Actual shear stress is less than Capacity Hence OK

This is at the critical condition. Hence other sections need not be checked.

Checked

ASK

223.90 N/mm2

28.1 CALCULATION OF FORCES DUE TO SHRINKAGE OF CONCRETE

Shrinkage coefficient

Ec

Stress due to shrinkage=

=

=

=

0.0002X31623

0.00020

31623

6.32

Mpa

Mpa

357.50

Area of the deck slab

=

5150.000

1841125 mm2

1841125

=

=

11644379

section

e

0.5L

0.494

x

N

kN

11644.40

6.32

Moment

5.76E+03 kNm

Stresses from shrinkage will nullify the stress generated due to apllied moments, hence it can be ignored as it gives favourable effect.

Working

Moments

(kNm)

Load case

1

2

3

4

5

6

Self weight

Deck Load

SIDL-Wearing Coat

SIDL-Parapet

Live load

Transverse Wind

TOTAL

Load

factors for

Design

Serviceabil

Moments

ity Limit

state

-1486

-8673

-2098

-2910

-4337

328

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

0.6

-1486

-8673

-2098

-2910

-4337

197

-0.87X350=

Stress

P/A or

Mz/Zb

Stress

P/A or

Mz/Zt

Stress due

to lateral

load-My/Zy

At

Bottom

Mpa

17.442

101.796

24.625

34.155

50.904

0

228.93

At Girder

Top

Mpa

-14.555

-84.947

-20.549

-28.502

-42.478

0

-191.04

Mpa

0

0

0

0

0

3.53

3.53

-304.5

(As per IRC:22-2008 Clause-604.3.1)

Interaction Ratio

z actual

z Per

y actual

y Per

<

228.93

304.5

3.53

304.5

0.77

Requirement for shear connectors is checked at top of compression flange as per IRC 22-2008

section-----------. Shear connectors are checked for these considerations .

a) For static strength criteria for shear due to SIDL+LL

b) For fatigue considerations only for LL

c) For full shear connection over entire length of girder for max compressive force

Typical arrangement of six studs (3 over each web) in one row is provided

29.1 Shear Connectors -Static strength criteria

VSIDL=

V x 0.344x0.3575X(0.673-0.3575/2)

0.15219004

=

=

=

Vx

0.4

=(544.3+472.5) X 0.4

406.72

kN

(..)/

V x 0.060783

0.15219004

PROJECT

Note no

SUBJECT

669/N-262

VLL=

V x 0.687x0.3575X(0.503-0.3575/2)

By

5-Aug-16

ANK

V x 0.079637

=

0.179332461

=

Date

0.179332461

Vx

0.445

1005 X 0.445

447.23

kN

=

=

Capacity of

406.72

+

853.95 kN

16

dia studs

=

447.23

60

kN

6X60

360 kN

360

853.95

0.43

m C/C

(..)/

V x 0.687x0.3575X(0.503-0.3575/2)

VLL =

=

=

=

V x 0.079637

0.179332461

0.179332461

Vx

0.445

0.445

670

298.15 kN

0.445

Capacity of 20 dia

6

Studs in one row=

17 kN

6X17

102 kN

Hence Capacity=

Thus, spacing required =

102

298.15

0.35

m C/C

0.36X40X(5.15X1000)240

= 17798400 N

= 17798.4 kN

444.96 kN/m

17798.4/40

360/444.96

Average spacing reqd for 16 dia =

=

0.81 m

Provided spacing is less than 0.79m hence OK

16 Dia -6 Nos at 400 c/c and at 500 c/c in central zone

2X106

Capacity reduction factor

r = (25/tp)0.25

=

1

1.0

=

1.0

Thus use r =

Partial Safety factor =

mft

mft=

Load factor for fatigue=

Detail category for continuous welded Box Girder

IRC:22 Table 6.1, Detail-11

ffn =

Design normal stress=

ff = f

3

6

fn 5X10 /Nsc

1.25

1

83 mpa

Rev

0

Sheet

Checked

ASK

PROJECT

SUBJECT

3

= 83 5X10 /2X10

112.65 mpa

Reduced Design normal stress=

ffd = r X ff/mft

=

90.12 mpa

f=

-4337

0.11271682

-38476.955

-38.477

<ffd Hence Safe

kN/sqm

mpa

Note no

669/N-262

Date

By

5-Aug-16

ANK

Rev

0

Sheet

Checked

ASK

PROJECT

Note no

SUBJECT

669/N-262

By

5-Aug-16

ANK

Checked

ASK

(IRC:6-2014)Fig 10(b)

19

h = 0.24

Date

Rev

0

Sheet

4.4

0.144

4

3.904

h2= 0.4

h

m

0.2

0.3

0.24

T1

deg C

18

20.5

19

h

m

0.2

0.3

T1

deg C

4.4

6.8

Material properties:

For the purpose of calculating thermal effects, the material properties shall be

O

a) Coefficient of thermal expansion

=

0.000012 / C

for concrete and steel

b) Modulus of elasticity

3.16E+04 N/mm2

Stress diagram

positive temp diff

7.21

0.144

0.24

h

h1

h2

4

1.52

1.154

=

=

=

2.58

0.24

0.6h

0.4

1.549

0.4

3.04

32.0 Permissible stress

Grade of steel considered

fy

=

compressive

N/mm2

304.5

Stress in concrete (M40)

#REF!

350

tensile

N/mm2

-304.5

N/mm2

N/mm2

Positive temp diff

F1

F2

(7.211+1.518)

2

144

(1.518+1.154)

2

96

x 5150

x 5150

of slab

3236.7132

56.35

N

138516.48

189.821

N

186.77

F

=

Negative temp diff

F1 =

141753.1932 N

(2.581+1.549)

2

=

1531.404 N

144

x 5150

of slab

1531.404

66.01

PROJECT

Note no

SUBJECT

669/N-262

Date

By

5-Aug-16

ANK

Moment

Nmm

t slab

stresses

N/mm2

t girder

b girder

AT 0.5L

TEMPERATURE RISE

force

moment

1.418E+05

-2.638E+07

TEMPERATURE FALL

force

moment

1.531E+03

-1.001E+05

7.211

1.154

0.000

-0.047

-0.008

7.156

-0.353

-0.246

-0.554

-0.353

0.046

-0.307

2.581

5.09E-04 3.82E-03 3.82E-03

-2.95E-05 -6.23E-05 -1.16E-05

-2.581

0.004

-0.004

As can be seen these stresses are very nominal hence not considered further.

Rev

0

Sheet

Checked

ASK

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