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STRUCTCON DESIGNS PVT LTD

PROJECT

Note no

Superstructure for Steel Flyover at Meenatai Thakre chowk,Thane

SUBJECT

669/N-262

Spans-P11-P12-1P3-P14 & R=70m (for P12-P13)

Date

By

5-Aug-16

ANK

Rev
0
Sheet
Checked
ASK

Design of section III i.e sec at intermediate support, P12 & P13
24.0 Check for Stage-I Loading

Check for STAGE-I LOADING-Selfweight + Deckload


Moment of resistance of Box section as Compact Structural section, laterally supported at every 10 M
fy=
fck=
Step 1:

350 Mpa
40 Mpa

350000 kN/sqm
40000 kN/sqm

Evaluation of Box Girder Properties


200

200

mo=

1.1

bf=
1400

tf =
x

yt

36
thk top plate

tw =
1732

1804

yb

20
thk vertical plate

1000
x
36
1000
thk bottom plate
Longitudainl stiffeners to compression flange has been ignored while calculating sectional properties of Box girder
on conservative side.
b

(m)
1.4

Area

Y frm bot

AY

AY2

Ix (self)

Iy (self)

(m)

(m2)

(m)

(m2)

(m3)

(m4)

(m4)

0.036

0.0504

1.786

0.0900144

0.16076572

5.443E-06

0.06249056 0.05636649

0.02

1.732

0.06928

0.902

0.036

0.036

0.018

1.804

1.557E-01

Total

2 nos.

8.232E-03

Iyy at CG
(m4)
8.232E-03

1.732E-02

2.309E-06

1.664E-02

0.000648

1.1664E-05

3.888E-06

3.000E-03

3.000E-03

1.532E-01

2.171E-01

1.733E-02

1.123E-02

0.028
2.79E+10

Area

0.15568

m2 =

yb

0.98 m

yt

0.8210 m

Ixx at CG

1.73E-02

155680 mm2

2.17E-01

0.04377865
0.00015829
0.03106948
9.233E-02

Zb

Zt girder

8.38E-02
0.98

1.56E-01 x
8.38E-02 m4 =

0.0852 m3 =

8.52E+07 mm3

0.1021 m3 =

1.02E+08 mm3

Zyy= Iyy/(b/2)
(0.0279 /(1/2))=
0.0558 m3 =
Least Radius of Gyration
ryy =
Iyy/ A
(0.0279 /0.15568)^0.5
0.424 m
424 mm

5.58E+07 mm3

0.084
0.821

Check for section sizing


Since hogging Bending moment is governing, the girder design is done based on only girder properties,
Without advantage of composite section.
Compression flange and webs are checked as per Table 2 of IRC-24.
* Check for web thickness requirement
Average stress =
Design compressive stress =
r1 or r2
0.062
For web to be a semi compact section,
d
=
126 *
tw
1 + 2* r2
tw

18.945 Mpa
304.5 Mpa

18.29

<

* Check for Compression flange


b=
960 mm
tf =
36 mm
b
=
26.7
tf
Limiting Value for section to be compact =
=

Step 2:

Design Moments and shear

20

33.5*
28.31

..Refer section 28.2

mm

>

26.7

2
0.98376773 =
8.38E+10 mm4

STRUCTCON DESIGNS PVT LTD


PROJECT

Superstructure for Steel Flyover at Meenatai Thakre chowk,Thane

SUBJECT

Mz=Moments (kNm) My=Moments (kNm)


at midspan
at midspan
Design
Working Design
Load factors Working

1 Self weight
2 Deck Load
3 Construction Live Load
Wind load at construction
4 stage

Step 3:

669/N-262

Spans-P11-P12-1P3-P14 & R=70m (for P12-P13)

Load case

1.35
1.35
1.35

-1846
-8673
-2711

1.35

-2492.1
-11708.6
-3659.9

0
0
0

0
0
0

Kv=
E=
=
tw=
tcer=

132.3
788.4

222.75

-216

-216.0

1859

2509.7

1143.5

4.0 + 5.35/ (1/1.732)^2


20.05
200000 N/sqmm
0.2
0.020 mm
20.05X(3.14^2) X200000
12(1-0.2^2)[1.732/0.02)^2

=
=

39536996
86394.93
457.64 Mpa

Now, w= (/(3,))

<1.2

b= [1-0.8*(w-0.8)]* fyw/(3)
=
223.90 mpa

Vcr = Shear Force corresponding to web buckling = Av X b


Vcr = (0.06928 X10^6)223.9
15511.80 kN
Hence, nominal shear strength Vn for Webs with stiffeners governed by buckling is
Vn= Vcr
Design Strength Vd = Vn / mo
= 15511.8/1.1

361.8
1594.4
553.5

Design

-160

= (350/1.73 X 457.64)
=
0.665

268
1181
410

Mx-Torsional
Moment

-160

= Spacing of transverse stiffeners


=
1m
= Depth of web
=
1.732 m

Therefore Kv=

Fy=Max Shear(kN) at
support locations
Working
Design

Checked
ASK

((^ 2 ) ) /(12(1^2 ) [/^]2 )

ANK

-17860.6

where,tcr,e = the elastic critical shear stress of the web

By

5-Aug-16

w = Non dimensional web slenderness ratio for shear buckling stress,


= (/(3,))

4.0+5.35(c/d)

Date

-13230

Check if Actual shear exceeds 0.6Vd


Nominal shear reisistance of Box section under Pure shear = Vd
Vd= Vn/mo

Kv =

Rev
0
Sheet

Note no

STRUCTCON DESIGNS PVT LTD


PROJECT

Note no

Superstructure for Steel Flyover at Meenatai Thakre chowk,Thane

SUBJECT

669/N-262

Spans-P11-P12-1P3-P14 & R=70m (for P12-P13)

Vd=

=
=
=
=

0.6Vd

15511.8/1.1
14101.64 kN
0.6 X 14101.64
8460.984 kN

Date

By

5-Aug-16

ANK

kN

Design shear

2509.7 kN

Shear due to torsion(f)

T
2A0

Where,
T
A0

=
=
=
=
=

920.7 kN
Enclosed area within the box section
960
X
1732
1662720
sqmm
1.663
sqm

Hence shear in web

=
=
=

921
1.663
553.8
kN/m
553.8 x 1.804
999
kN

Total Shear= Design shear + shear due to torsion


=
2509.7
+
999
Total Design Shear =3508.8kN

<

3508.8

kN

0.6Vd = 8460.984

Step 4 :Evaluation of Design Bending Strength =


As design shear does not exceed 0.6Vd no reduction in moment capacity is necessary.
Thus moment capcacity is determined as follows :Mp

b * Zp * fy / mo

Cl. 209.2.1.2 IRC-24-2010

1 plastic and compact section

Now to find Zp,


Area of section= 155680
A/2=
155680/2 = 77840
Location of NA=

686

sqmm
sqmm

mm from top

Plastic section modulus Zp :=


50400x(686+18) + [686x 2 x 20 x 343] + [1046x 2 x 20 x 523] + ( 1000x36x1064)
=
44893520
+
60186320
=
1.05E+08
mm3
Plastic moment Capacity of the section :- Mp = Z p X fbd
Hence Mp =
105079840
x
304.5
=
3.20E+10 Nmm
Mp
=
31996.9 kNm

Moment about major axis:Mz =

Therefore,

3.20E+04 kNm

Design Moment Mz=

<

17860.6

31996.9 kNm

Moment about minor axis:304.5 mpa

fbd=0.87fy

.Design Bending compressive stress

Zp (about y axis)
=
Zpy=
0.0605872 m3

0.060587
.Plastic section Modulus about minor axis

My= Zpy X fbd


= (0.0605872X304.5X1000)
18449 kNm

Therefore,

Mz
Mz

My
My

<1

17860.6
3.20E+04

216.0
18448.8024

0.57
< 1.0, Hence OK

Hence Girder is safe for Stage-I loading.

Rev
0
Sheet
Checked
ASK

STRUCTCON DESIGNS PVT LTD


PROJECT

Superstructure for Steel Flyover at Meenatai Thakre chowk,Thane

SUBJECT

Rev
0
Sheet

Note no
669/N-262

Spans-P11-P12-1P3-P14 & R=70m (for P12-P13)

Date

By

5-Aug-16

ANK

Checked
ASK

Check for STAGE-II LOADING-DL+SIDL+LL


26.0 Ultimate Limit State

Design Moments at Center of Girder from Midas Civil Analysis

LC-1- 1.35DL+1.75Wearing coat+1.35(Parapet Load+services)+1.5LL+0.9Wind Load


Load combination-1
1
2
3
4

Self weight
Deck Load
SIDL-Wearing Coat
SIDL-Parapet
Live load(Leading load),
6 including CF Effect
Wind load (Accompanying
7 load)

Load factors

Moments Mz(kNm)
Working
Design

Moments My(kNm)
Working Design

Shear(kN)
Working
Design

Torsion(kNm)
Design

1.35
1.35
1.75
1.35

-1486
-8673
-2098
-2910

-2492
-11709
-3671.5
-3928.5

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

268
1181
311
350

362
1594
544.3
472.5

132
788
203
533

1.5

-4337

-6505.5

670

1005

750

0.9

0
-19504

0
-28306.2

328
328

295.2
295.2

0
2780

0
3978

0
2407.0

LC-2 1.35DL+1.75Wearing coat+1.35(Parapet Load+services)+1.15LL+1.5Wind Load


Load combination-2
1
2
3
4

Self weight
Deck Load
SIDL-Wearing Coat
SIDL-Parapet

Live load (Accompanying


6 load)
Wind load
7 (Leading load)

Design Moment =
Moment Capacity =
Check =

Load factors
1.35
1.35
1.75
1.35

Moments Mz(kNm)
Working
Design
-1486
-2006.1
-8673
-11708.6
-2098
-3671.5
-2910
-3928.5

Moments My(kNm)
Working Design
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Shear(kN)
Working
Design
268
361.8
1181
1594.4
311
544.3
350
472.5

Torsion(kNm)
Design
132
788
203
533

1.15

-4337

-4987.6

670

770.5

575

1.5

0
-19504

0
-26302.3

328
328

492
492

0
2780

0
3743.5

0
2232.0

28306.2 kNm
31997 kNm

295.2 kNm
18448.8 kNm

Ratio =

0.91

Design Moment is less than section capacity, Hence OK

27.0 Check for Shear


PERMISSIBLE STRESS IN SHEAR

The average shear stress in member


d
=
1732 mm
t
=
20 mm
d/t
=
86.6 >>
Min.spacing of stiffeners
Spacing of stiffeners as provided

for stiffened web

85 ( Ref. IRC24 Cl.507.8.2.1.1 )


Hence stiffeners are required.
mm
1.5D
=
1732
=
1000.0
mm

Maximum shear at ends


self wt + diaphragm
deck slab
SIDL

=
=
=

LL
Total

=
=

Total shear incl LL impact


Shear on each web
c
27.1 Normal shear stress

=
=
=

27.2 Shear stress in web due to torsion

1989.00
20

361.80
1594.40
544.30
472.50
1005.00
3978.00

3978.00 kN
1989.00 kN
1000
1732

kN
kN
kN
kN
kN
kN

57.42 N/mm2

T
2A0 tw

Torsional moment = T
A0 = Enclosed area within the box section

=
=
=
=

2407.0
960
1662720
1.67

kNm
x
sqmm
sqm

Web thickness = tw

20

mm

1732

Thus, shear stress in web due to torsion

27.3 Total Shear Stress =

57.42

2406.95x 10^6
2x 1662720 x 20
+

36.20

36.2

93.62

N/mm2

N/mm2

STRUCTCON DESIGNS PVT LTD


PROJECT

Superstructure for Steel Flyover at Meenatai Thakre chowk,Thane

SUBJECT

Rev
0
Sheet

Note no
669/N-262

Spans-P11-P12-1P3-P14 & R=70m (for P12-P13)

Date

By

5-Aug-16

ANK

Shear stress capacity ' b' governed by web buckling


Actual shear stress is less than Capacity Hence OK
This is at the critical condition. Hence other sections need not be checked.

Checked
ASK

223.90 N/mm2

28.0 Service Limit State

CHECK FOR STRESSES


28.1 CALCULATION OF FORCES DUE TO SHRINKAGE OF CONCRETE
Shrinkage coefficient
Ec
Stress due to shrinkage=

=
=
=

0.0002X31623

0.00020
31623
6.32

Mpa
Mpa

357.50

Force to be resisted due to shrinkage = Stress X Area


Area of the deck slab
=
5150.000

( As per IRC:22, cl.no.605.2)

1841125 mm2

1841125

=
=

11644379

Force to be resisted due to shrinkage acting at the CG of deck

Moment due to force at section


section
e
0.5L
0.494

x
N
kN

11644.40

6.32

Moment

5.76E+03 kNm

Stresses from shrinkage will nullify the stress generated due to apllied moments, hence it can be ignored as it gives favourable effect.

28.2 Check for Stresses

As section is hogging considering only box section at each stgae.

Working
Moments
(kNm)
Load case

1
2
3
4
5
6

Self weight
Deck Load
SIDL-Wearing Coat
SIDL-Parapet
Live load
Transverse Wind
TOTAL

Load
factors for
Design
Serviceabil
Moments
ity Limit
state

-1486
-8673
-2098
-2910
-4337
328

1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
0.6

Permissible stresses in steel Girder =

-1486
-8673
-2098
-2910
-4337
197

-0.87X350=

Stress
P/A or
Mz/Zb

Stress
P/A or
Mz/Zt

Stress due
to lateral
load-My/Zy

At
Bottom
Mpa
17.442
101.796
24.625
34.155
50.904
0
228.93

At Girder
Top
Mpa
-14.555
-84.947
-20.549
-28.502
-42.478
0
-191.04

Mpa
0
0
0
0
0
3.53
3.53

-304.5
(As per IRC:22-2008 Clause-604.3.1)

(Stress at bottom) 228.93mpa< (Permissible stress in steel)-304.5mpa


Interaction Ratio
z actual
z Per

y actual
y Per

<

228.93
304.5

3.53
304.5

0.77

< 1.0, Hence OK

29.0 Shear Stud Requirement for longitudinal shear

Requirement for shear connectors is checked at top of compression flange as per IRC 22-2008
section-----------. Shear connectors are checked for these considerations .
a) For static strength criteria for shear due to SIDL+LL
b) For fatigue considerations only for LL
c) For full shear connection over entire length of girder for max compressive force
Typical arrangement of six studs (3 over each web) in one row is provided
29.1 Shear Connectors -Static strength criteria

Longitudinal shear per unit length V =

VSIDL=

V x 0.344x0.3575X(0.673-0.3575/2)

0.15219004
=
=
=

Vx
0.4
=(544.3+472.5) X 0.4
406.72
kN

(..)/

V x 0.060783
0.15219004

STRUCTCON DESIGNS PVT LTD


PROJECT

Note no

Superstructure for Steel Flyover at Meenatai Thakre chowk,Thane

SUBJECT

669/N-262

Spans-P11-P12-1P3-P14 & R=70m (for P12-P13)

VLL=

V x 0.687x0.3575X(0.503-0.3575/2)

By

5-Aug-16

ANK

V x 0.079637
=

0.179332461
=

Date

0.179332461

Vx
0.445
1005 X 0.445
447.23
kN

=
=

Total = VSIDL + VLL =

Capacity of

406.72
+
853.95 kN

16

dia studs

Studs in one row=


=

447.23

for M40 concrete

Thus, spacing required =

60

kN

6X60
360 kN

360
853.95

0.43

m C/C

29.2 Shear Connectors -FATIGUE

(..)/

Longitudinal shear per unit length V =

V x 0.687x0.3575X(0.503-0.3575/2)

VLL =
=
=
=

V x 0.079637
0.179332461

0.179332461
Vx

for Transient loads

0.445

0.445

670
298.15 kN

0.445

For Nsc = 2 X 106


Capacity of 20 dia
6
Studs in one row=

17 kN
6X17
102 kN

Hence Capacity=
Thus, spacing required =

102
298.15

0.35

m C/C

29.3 Check studs for full shear connection

0.36X40X(5.15X1000)240

Max compressive Force =

= 17798400 N
= 17798.4 kN

Force per meter length =

444.96 kN/m

17798.4/40

Capacity of 6 studs in one row of 16 dia is 360kN


360/444.96
Average spacing reqd for 16 dia =
=
0.81 m
Provided spacing is less than 0.79m hence OK

Provide 20 Dia -6 Nos at 300 c/c for 5M from end


16 Dia -6 Nos at 400 c/c and at 500 c/c in central zone

30.0 Servicieability Limit State-Fatigue Strength Check

2X106

Maximum number of cycles Nsc=


Capacity reduction factor

r = (25/tp)0.25
=
1
1.0
=
1.0

for Plate thickness more than 25mm=


Thus use r =
Partial Safety factor =

mft

for Non-fail safe structures & periodic maintenance


mft=
Load factor for fatigue=
Detail category for continuous welded Box Girder
IRC:22 Table 6.1, Detail-11
ffn =
Design normal stress=

ff = f

3
6
fn 5X10 /Nsc

Refer Table-5 IRC:22


1.25
1

83 mpa

Rev
0
Sheet
Checked
ASK

STRUCTCON DESIGNS PVT LTD


PROJECT

SUBJECT

Superstructure for Steel Flyover at Meenatai Thakre chowk,Thane

Spans-P11-P12-1P3-P14 & R=70m (for P12-P13)


3

= 83 5X10 /2X10
112.65 mpa
Reduced Design normal stress=
ffd = r X ff/mft
=

90.12 mpa

Actual maximum stress due to live load with impact

f=

-4337
0.11271682
-38476.955
-38.477
<ffd Hence Safe

kN/sqm
mpa

Note no
669/N-262
Date

By

5-Aug-16

ANK

Rev
0
Sheet
Checked
ASK

STRUCTCON DESIGNS PVT LTD


PROJECT

Note no

Superstructure for Steel Flyover at Meenatai Thakre chowk,Thane

SUBJECT

669/N-262

Spans-P11-P12-1P3-P14 & R=70m (for P12-P13)

31.0 Check for stresses due to temperture gradient.

By

5-Aug-16

ANK

Checked
ASK

(IRC:6-2014)Fig 10(b)

19
h = 0.24

Date

Rev
0
Sheet

4.4

0.144
4
3.904

h2= 0.4

h
m
0.2
0.3
0.24

T1
deg C
18
20.5
19

h
m
0.2
0.3

T1
deg C
4.4
6.8

Material properties:
For the purpose of calculating thermal effects, the material properties shall be
O
a) Coefficient of thermal expansion
=
0.000012 / C
for concrete and steel
b) Modulus of elasticity
3.16E+04 N/mm2

Stress diagram
positive temp diff

negative temp diff


7.21

0.144
0.24

(Clause 215.4 IRC6-2014)

h
h1
h2

4
1.52
1.154

=
=
=

2.58

0.24
0.6h
0.4

1.549

0.4
3.04
32.0 Permissible stress
Grade of steel considered

steel girder alone

fy
=
compressive
N/mm2
304.5

Girder with deck


Stress in concrete (M40)

#REF!

350
tensile
N/mm2
-304.5

N/mm2

N/mm2

32.1 Forces due to temperature gradient


Positive temp diff
F1

F2

(7.211+1.518)
2

144

(1.518+1.154)
2

96

x 5150

x 5150

Force CG(in mm)from top


of slab
3236.7132
56.35
N
138516.48

189.821

N
186.77

F
=
Negative temp diff
F1 =

141753.1932 N

(2.581+1.549)
2
=

1531.404 N

144

x 5150

acting from top


of slab
1531.404
66.01

STRUCTCON DESIGNS PVT LTD


PROJECT

Note no

Superstructure for Steel Flyover at Meenatai Thakre chowk,Thane

SUBJECT

669/N-262

Spans-P11-P12-1P3-P14 & R=70m (for P12-P13)

Date

By

5-Aug-16

ANK

32.2 Check for temperature stresses

Moment
Nmm

t slab

stresses

N/mm2

t girder

b girder

AT 0.5L

TEMPERATURE RISE
force
moment

1.418E+05
-2.638E+07

TEMPERATURE FALL
force
moment

1.531E+03
-1.001E+05

7.211

1.154

0.000

-0.047
-0.008
7.156

-0.353
-0.246
-0.554

-0.353
0.046
-0.307

2.581
5.09E-04 3.82E-03 3.82E-03
-2.95E-05 -6.23E-05 -1.16E-05
-2.581
0.004
-0.004

As can be seen these stresses are very nominal hence not considered further.

Rev
0
Sheet
Checked
ASK