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Nuclear Reactor Power Regulator

(Design of Control Rod Drive Mechanism for Nuclear Power Plant)

Shehzad Latif

2007-EE-48

Shahzad Ali Gill

2007-EE-28

Muhammad Sabir

2007-EE-33

Department of Electrical Engineering
University College of Engineering & Technology
Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan

Electrical Engineering at the faculty of Engineering & Technology.Nuclear Reactor Power Regulator (Design of Control Rod Drive Mechanism for Nuclear Power Plant) Shehzad Latif 2007-EE-48 Shahzad Ali Gill 2007-EE-28 Muhammad Sabir 2007-EE-33 Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of B. Multan . Bahauddin Zakariya University.Sc.

ABSTRACT The present system emanate from the growing needs of Energy shortage in Pakistan. In this System we Design a Simulator that explains the proper working of a common Nuclear Power Plant. But unfortunately in Pakistan there are only few Nuclear Power Plants and the People of Pakistan are suffering severely the problem of Electricity load shedding. There are also some animated diagrams for further explanation of Nuclear Power Plant functionality. all necessary circuit diagrams. . We suggest this Project for our juniors for further improvements and Research work. We provide all the data relating to this project in our thesis. As our homeland Pakistan is an Atomic Power and having enrich Uranium that can be used for electricity Production at Nuclear Power Plants. Our system is a complete Computer Simulated and Animated model to explain the Working of a Nuclear Power Plant and it provide a base to study the Nuclear Power Technology at Student level. Simulator Coding. As being Electrical Engineer the purpose of doing this project was to get familiar with Nuclear Power Plant working and functionality. Microcontroller Coding and even the PCB diagrams.

Internal Examiner: Sign: ________________________ Name: Engr. in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Bachelor of Electrical Engineering. Bahauddin Zakariya University.(Acceptance by the Viva Voce Committee) Nuclear Power Technology is accepted by the Faculty of Engineering & Technology. Tauheed-ur-Rehman External Examiner: Sign: _______________________ Name: ___________________________ Chairperson of the Department _________________ (Day / Month / Year) .

Date:____________ ______________________________ Engr.FORWARDING SHEET The Thesis entitled “Nuclear Reactor Power Regulator (Design of Control Rod Drive Mechanism for Nuclear Power Plant)” has been completed under my guidance and I’m satisfied with the quality of student’s research work. Tauheed-ur-Rehman .

Tauheed ur Rehman for his keen interest. we are highly obliged to our respected teacher Sir Engr. guidance.ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Praise and glory be to ALMIGHTY ALLAH. Compassionate and Gracious who guides us in the oceans of darkness and enables us to overcome the difficulties. “He who does not thank to the people is not thankful to Allah” In the light of above saying of Holy Prophet (PBUH). untiring help and encouraging attitude. Adil Bashir for the providing constructive criticism and valuable suggestion during our project. In crucial situations. We are proudly grateful to our Parents for showing us the right way. who blesses us with the courage and power to complete this project and all respect and love for our beloved Holy Prophet HAZRAT MUHAMMAD (PBUH). Authors . Zafar Iqbal and Engr. the most Merciful. who enabled us to recognize our creator and to understand the philosophy of life. It is with great pleasure and extreme feelings of obligation that we thank Engr.

.....7 2.4 1.2 1..5 1...5 Nuclear Power Plants in Pakistan ………………………………………………………..6 1.7 Fission and Fusion …………………………………………………………………….4 Nuclear Power around the Globe ………………………………………………………....4 2..1 Core idea behind the Project …………………………………………………………………………………………………….1 1.....2 Failures ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………2 Problem Statement ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………2 Scope of Project ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………2 Hardware Components ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………2 Software Tools ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………3 CHAPTER # 2 LITERATURE REVIEW ABOUT NUCLEAR POWER PLANT 2....8 1...2 Nuclear Energy for Power Generation ………………………………………………….11 .7 1.1 Project objectives and Goals ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1 Achievements ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………...6 Uranium as Power Generation Fuel ……………………………………………………...9 Introduction ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………..9 2...1 Nuclear Power for Peaceful Purpose …………………………..CHAPTER # 1 INTRODUCTION OF THE PROJECT 1..........3 Economic advantages of Nuclear Power ………………………………………………………..3 1.11 2.......5 2..6 2.

..2 Fuel Rods ……………………………………………………………………………….13 2.5 4..10.9 Pressurized Water Reactor …………………………………………………………….54 Adobe Flash …………………………………………………………………………….7 Visual Basic…………………………………………………………………………….10.2 3.62 .3 4.10.8 Types of Nuclear Reactors………………………………………………………………12 2..1 Nuclear Reactor ……………………………………………………………………….5 3.5 Pressure Vessel …………………………………………………………………………20 2.10..40 CHAPTER # 4 SOFTWARE TOOLS 4.52 C Coding...57 Adobe Flash Animation …………………………………………………………………58 Corel Draw ………………………………………………………………………………59 4.2.27 CHAPTER # 3 HARDWARE COMPONENTS AND THEIR DESCRIPTION 3.23 2.5 4....10.3 Control Rods ……………………………………………………………………………18 2.60 4. ……………………………………………………………………………….42 VB Coding for Project…………………………………………………………………..3 3.10 Cooling Tower ………………………………………………………………………….9 Easy Pc ………………………………………………………………………………….1 3.8 Proteus …………………………………………………………………………………..10.1 4.10 Major Parts of a Nuclear Power Plant …………………………………………………..2 4..6 Hardware Block Diagram ……………………………………………………………….11 Switch Yard …………………………………………………………………………….10.10.10.4 Control Rods Drive Mechanism ……………………………………………………….31 Components Description ……………………………………………………………….14 2..8 Steam Turbine ………………………………………………………………………….4 3.35 Load Cell Interface Circuit …………………………………………………………….9 Electric Generator ………………………………………………………………………22 2.20 2.9 Feed Water Pump ………………………………………………………………………21 2.10.33 Hardware Run Circuit Diagram …………………………………………………………34 Hardware Run Circuitry Components ………………………………………………….16 2..4 4.6 Heat Exchanger …………………………………………………………………………21 2.21 2.....32 Project Circuit Diagrams ……………………………………………………………….14 2...10..44 Kiel……………………………………………………………………………………….

63 Recommendations ……………………………………………………………………….12 ...9 KANUPP ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………9 CHASHNUPP ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………..10 Uranium as power generation fuel ………………………………………………………………………………………..63 Problems ………………………………………………………………………………..64 REFERENCES LIST OF FIGURES 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Nuclear power around the globe …………………………………………………………………………………………….11 Fusion Reaction ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………….2 5.CHAPTER # 5 CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS 5.5 Conclusions ……………………………………………………………………………..12 Reactor types in use worldwide …………………………………………………………………………………………….7 Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission ……………………………………………………………………………………..63 Hardware Improvement …………………………………………………………………64 Software Improvement …………………………………………………………………..3 5.1 5.11 Fission reactions ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………..4 5.

18 How a generator generates electricity? ……………………………………………………………………………………22 Closed Loop Cooling Tower System ………………………………………………………………………………………….25 Cross flow type design for cooling tower…………………………………………………………………………………..16 Fuel Rods …………………………………………………………………………………………………………17 Fuel Assembly …………………………………………………………………………………………………17 Different Rates of fission reaction by Control Rods Movement ………………………………………………..31 Servomotor ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………..26 Counter flow type design for cooling tower ……………………………………………………………………………..23 Natural draft wet cooling ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… …24 Mechanical draft wet cooling …………………………………………………………………………………………………..16 UO2 pellets (uranium dioxide) ………………………………………………………………………..1 4 Fuel pins ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………14 Fuel Assembly ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………….35 30 LM 358 Low Power Dual Operational Amplifier ………………………………………37 .9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Pressurized Water Reactor ……………………………………………………………………………………………………..26 Switch Yard ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………27 Project Hardware Block Diagram …………………………………………………………………………………………….15 Fuel Core ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………….33 Hardware Run Circuit Diagram …………………………………………………………………………………………………34 29 Microcontroller Pin Configuration ……………………………………………………..32 Project Circuit diagram ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… …….15 UO2 powder (uranium dioxide) ……………………………………………………………………..

62 ...31 Optical coupler ………………………………………………………………………….38 32 Solid State Relay ………………………………………………………………………..58 41 Corel DRAW ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………..53 39 Adobe Flash ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………..61 44 Easy Pc ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………….60 43 Power Supply Circuit Diagram for NRPR using Proteus ……………………………………………………………...57 40 Adobe Flash Animation ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… …….53 38 KEIL Logo ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………….59 42 Proteus ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………….41 35 Visual Basic ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………43 36 VB Coding for Project………………………………………………………………….39 33 Load Cell interface circuit ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… …40 34 Load Cell ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………….44 37 KEIL simulator ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………….