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Morgan Smith
English 2010
Stacie Draper Weatbrook
August 8, 2016

Annotated Bibliography How can depression be conquered?

Feature, R. Morgan Griffin WebMD. "10 Natural Depression Treatments." WebMD.

WebMD, n.d. Web. 04 July 2016.

This article provides a list of natural depression treatments. Ian Cook, MD

appears to be the interviewee in this article. He suggests ten ways to beat
depression; get into a routine, set attainable goals, exercise, eat healthy, get
enough sleep, take on responsibilities, challenge negative thoughts, consider
supplements, do something new, and try to have fun.
Ian Cook is well-educated on the subject of depression, he is a very credible
source given his credentials. Each of these suggestions is followed with a small
explanation on how taking that action would be beneficial. This article is a good
place to start for someone seeking natural solutions to their symptoms. However, I
feel that the advice given is very broad and needs to be personalized to be truly

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Hagen, Brad, Gina Wong-Wylie, and Em Piji-Zieber. "Tablets Or Talk? A Critical
Review Of The Literature Comparing Antidepressants And Counseling For
Treatment Of Depression." Journal Of Mental Health Counseling 32.2 (2010):
102-124. Academic Search Premier. Web. 4 July 2016.
The goal of this research journal is to review literature discussing the
effectiveness of treating depression through counseling and/or antidepressants. The
journal acknowledges the many studies on the subject and attempts to find
consistent truth in the complex and sometimes contradictory findings. One
consistent truth that the research found is that counseling is suggested to be the
initial treatment plan of those with depression. It is also stated that
Counseling is as effective as antidepressants for mild to moderate
depression and may be equally effective for chronic or severe depression
as well. In addition, counseling, either on its own or in combination with
antidepressants, appears to help prevent depression relapse.
I found this source to be credible because it is a peer-reviewed journal with an
impressive works cited list. The journal acknowledges limitations and imperfections
in their studies. The research on research is very interesting to read as it finds
connections and differences in a plethora of research. The journal published in
Journal of Mental Health Counseling shows a bias in that it discusses counseling
more than anti-depressants, which would appeal to its audience but tips the scales
in favor of counseling. I would have to look up the six pages of references to
discover how many studies on anti-depressants were reviewed in relation to
counseling studies reviewed.

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Hansson, Maja, Jayanti Chotai, and Owe Bodlund. "What Made Me Feel Better?
Patients' Own Explanations For The Improvement Of Their Depression."
Nordic Journal Of Psychiatry 66.4 (2012): 290-296. Academic Search Premier.
Web. 28 June 2016.
In an open ended questionnaire of 184 depressed patients who considered
their symptoms to have improved explained what they believed to have made them
better. The authors organized the fourteen separate improving factors into four
main themes: external factors, self-management, passing spontaneously, and
professional treatment.
I believe this source to be credible because it is a peer-reviewed journal. Its
credibility is also seen in the way the study was conducted. It appeared to be
thorough with specific data, a control group, and an explanation of limitations.
Professional treatment was the most frequent answer. This may be skewed because
there were two groups, a control group and a group that participated in a
professional treatment program.
"Physical Activity Is Not A Panacea For Depression After All." Journal Of Sport &
Exercise Psychology 34.6 (2012): 845-846. Academic Search Premier. Web.
28 June 2016.
According to a study testing the effect that physical activity has on
depression, it was determined that there was no positive effect on depressive
symptoms or medication use up to 12 months [of the study]. The study observed
361 patients receiving usual care with the addition of one on one support in up to
three face-to-face sessions with a physical activity facilitator and up to ten
telephone calls with a motivational interviewer. Usual care is defined as the

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inclusion of antidepressants, counseling, referral to exercise on prescription
schemes and referral to secondary care mental health services. Although the
conclusion is that physical activity has no effect on depression, it was found that
there may be other valuable benefits from becoming more physically active.
This journal was published by Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology. I trust
this source to be credible as it is a peer reviewed journal. I am certain that the
results are accurate and honest based on the research, however I do not feel that
the research was conducted thoroughly. I feel this way because of the wording that
up to three one on one sessions and up to ten telephone calls were made. This
leaves me wondering if the program failed to follow up and record the information
properly. Still it is interesting that in all 361 cases, there was no improvement in
depressive symptoms during the twelve month period.
Smith, Morgan. Online Survey. 11 July 2016.
I conducted on online survey of eighty people. The results revealed that the
most successful treatments are professional services. The most experienced types
of depression are major and persistent. The majority of participants were able to
categorize their depression type. The top three most tried treatment methods are
antidepressants, doctor appointments, and talk therapy. The most selected rating
for all methods is somewhat effective, indicating that many participants do not
feel as though what they have tried is working well enough. However,
antidepressants take first place in both very effective and somewhat effective.
(It ties for second with talk therapy for not effective) The majority of respondents
either never monitor/record symptom severity, or they are uncertain how often they
do so.