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Emily Venuti 19

Choral Responding

What is Choral
Responding and how do
we use it?
Choral responding
occurs when all students
are asked to respond
after the presentation of
an instructional stimulus
(A Comparison)

The teacher will present

the material and the
students will
respond/answer in unison.

Step by Step Procedure:

1. Model the response- Im going to or What is.?
2. Provide thinking pause
3. Provide a clear signal for response- Students or Now
or Class or Get Ready
4. Provide feedback for the majority response
5. Call upon individual students occasionally
6. Maintain a lively pace
(Using Choral Responding)

Model Signal Choral Response Feedback

Who does it work for?

Choral responding is a strategy that can be used in all types of classrooms and benefit all
types of students. However, in some case studies, choral responding has been proven to
reap benefits for students with certain disabilities.
Choral responding was more effective than individual responding for increasing active student responding for
students with emotional and behavioral disorders as well as students with Autism and moderate cognitive
disabilities (A Comparison)
finding ways to question all students can promote student interest in learning, activate prior knowledge, and
improve comprehension in an inclusive manner. (Whole- Group Response)
When implemented effectively, proactive whole-group instruction can help students with learning disabilities
feel they belong in the learning community and provide opportunities for peer interaction and active
participation. (Whole-Group Response)

responding allows teachers to gain immediate feedback on student performance and therefore could
act as an appropriate informal assessment accommodation for [students with moderate to severe disabilities] (A

Emily Venuti 19

When to use it:

1. Short answers
2. Only one correct answer
3. Presented at a fast pace
(Using Choral Responding)

Nagro, S. s., Hooks, S.D., Fraser, D.W., & Cornelius, K.E. (2016). Whole-Group Response
Strategies to Promote Student Engagement in Inclusive Classrooms. Teaching
Exceptional Children, 48(5), 243-249.
Haydon, T., Marsicano, R., & Scott, T.M. (2013). A Comparison of Choral and Individual
Responding: A Review of the Literature. Preventing School Failure, 57(4), 181-188.
Heward, W. 1., Courson, F.H., Narayan, J.S. (1989). Using choral responding to increase
active student response. Teaching Exceptional Children, 2172-75.