You are on page 1of 31

The

Triumph of Marius
Giovanni Battista Tiepolo -1729

This painting is from a series of ten


magni2icent canvases painted to decorate the
main room of Ca Dol2in, Venice. The subject
of this triumphal procession is identi2ied by
the Latin inscription at the top of the painting,
from the Roman historian Lucius Anneus
Florus: "The people of Rome behold Jugurtha
laden with chains". The African king Jugurtha
is shown before his captor, the Roman
general Gaius Marius. The procession was
held on January 1, 104 B.C.E. The crowds
carry booty, including a bust of the mother
goddess Cybele. The thirty-year-old Tiepolo
included his self-portrait among the 2igures
on the left.
Video

2. On the next page, you will read a text about The Triumph of Marius. Check the
words you think you will 2ind.

( ) battle



( ) clouds



( ) coward
Batalha




Nuvens




Covarde

( ) dignity



( ) loser



( ) slaves
Dignidade



Perdedor



Escravos

( ) soldiers


( ) treasures


( ) 2lags
Soldados



Tesouros



Bandeiras



One of the 2irst things I visit whenever I go to The Metropolitan


Museum of Art is The Triumph of Marius, a painting by Giovanni
Battista Tiepolo. It depicts the great Roman general Gaius
Marius standing in a beautiful chariot in Rome, and around him
are soldiers, recently captured slaves, treasures, and African
king Jugurtha, in chains, wearing gleaming armor and a
beautiful red cape. The painting seems to focus more on Jugurtha
than Marius, forcing you to appreciate the king's incredible
dignity. People are yelling, mocking him, and throwing things
at him, yet he does not let himself be overcome. It's a real
underdog story; Jugurtha, the loser, seems to overpower the
Romans with his powerful stare, and even as he walks off to his
gruesome death by strangulation, he keeps his dignity. He takes
control of the one thing he has, which is to choose the way he
shall meet his demiseas a king, not a coward.

Whenever sempre que


Depict descrever
Chariot charrete
Soldiers soldados
Slaves escravos
Treasures tesouros
Chains correntes
Gleaming reluzente
Armor armadura
Yelling gritando
Mocking zombando
Throwing jogando
Yet entretanto
Overcome superado
Underdog oprimido
Overpower subjugar
Stare olhar
Gruesome horrvel
Demise morte
Coward - covarde

3. Take a look at the text below. It is possible to say that it is mostly


a) Argumentative and instructional It depicts the great Roman general Gaius Marius standing
in a beautiful chariot in Rome, and around him are soldiers,
b) Critical and descriptive
recently captured slaves, treasures, and African king
c) Descriptive and interpretative Jugurtha, in chains, wearing gleaming armor and a
beautiful red cape
d) Instructional and argumentative Jugurtha, the loser, seems to overpower the Romans with
his powerful stare, and even as he walks off to his gruesome
e) Narrative and descriptive
death by strangulation, he keeps his dignity. He takes
control of the one thing he has, which is to choose the way
he shall meet his demise as a king, not a coward



4. Based on Milos words, its possible to say that The Triumph of Marius
a) Describes the epic victory of Marius over Jugurtha.
b) Shows that even in defeat it is possible to keep dignity.
c) Was painted during the Golden Age of the Roman Empire.
d) Praises the af2luence of the emperor over his people and slaves.
e) Depicts Jugurtha and Marius as two heroes in the same condition.

Enamel - esmalte
Mainly
principalmente
Rather than ao
invs de
Led to levaram a
Development
desenvolvimento
Drew desenhou
Placed colocadas
Flat planas
Floor cho
Achieve alcanar
Act - ato

X
Pollock dripped paint directly on a huge canvas on the 2loor. He sometimes applied
paint directly from the tube.

were

was
were

was

was
was
wasnt

werent
were

Attempt = try
Aid = help
Perhaps = maybe
Look for = search

Attempt tentativa
Publish publicar
Plate prato, placa
Wholly inteiramente
Drawing desenho
Without sem
Aid ajuda
Whatever qualquer
Known conhecido
Perhaps talvez
Yet entretanto
Unacquainted no
informado sobre ou
no acostumado com
Even at mesmo
Looked for - procurada

SufNice ser suNiciente


Mere mera
Upon = on sobre
Sensitive sensvel
Depict descrever
Chemical qumico
Means meios
Acquainted familiarizado
Needless desnecessrio
Therefore - portanto

Differ diferem
In all respects em todos sentidos
Widely amplamente
Kind tipo
Owe devem
Skill habilidade
Engraver aquele que faz uma gravura
Sensible sensato
To sufNice to be enough

Hand mo
As yet of em termos de
Delicacy delicadeza
Arise surge
ChieNly principalmente
Knowledge conhecimento
Law lei
Doubtlessly sem dvida
Brought - trazida

Both tanto
Nearer mais perto
Detail - detalhe
Though apesar de
Conjecture supor, deduzir
Rank categoria
Hereafter futuramente
Attain atingir, alcanar
Surely certamente
Own prpria
Sphere - esfera

Completeness of detail and correctness of perspective.

Read the timeline and answer


the following questions:
Ancient times: Camera obscuras were used to form images on walls in
darkened rooms; image formation via a pinhole"
17th century: Artists frequently used portable camera obscuras"
1816: Nicphore Nipce combined the camera obscura with photosensitive
paper"
1834: Henry Fox Talbot created permanent (negative) images using paper
soaked in silver chloride and fixed with a salt solution. Talbot created positive
images by contact printing onto another sheet of paper."
1837: Louis Daguerre created images on silver-plated copper, coated with
silver iodide and "developed" with warmed mercury"
1900: Kodak Brownie introduced box roll-film camera."
1924: Leitz marketed Leica, the first high quality 35mm camera."
Ancient antigo
Wall parede
Darkened escuricida
Pin al2inete, prego
Hole buraco
Portable porttil
Soaked - encharcado

Silver prata
Sheet folha
Plated banhado
Copper cobre
Coated coberto
Developed revelado
Warmed aquecido

1963: Polaroid developed the first color instant film; Kodak


released the Instamatic camera."
1976: The New York Museum of Modern Art exhibited the first
solo show of color photographs. "
1990: Adobe released Photoshop."
2000: Sharp/J-Phone introduced the Camera phone in Japan."
2001: Polaroid went bankrupt"
2004: Kodak ceased production of film cameras."
2007: Apple released the iPhone."
2013: the Oxford Dictionaries named selfie word of the year"
Developed desenvolveu
Released lanou
Went bankrupt faliu
Ceased cessou
Named - nomeou

In 1837.

The Brownie box roll-2ilm camera.

In the New York Museum of Modern Art.

Polaroid.

received

wanted

didnt apply

Did rain
registered

agreed

talked

didnt follow

H
A
D

F
C

Trick truque
Seemingly
aparentemente
Though apesar
Traced
rastreado,
traado

Because of his ability to seemingly manipulate and transform reality through


cinematography.

Mlis implemented substitution stop trick, multiple exposures, time-lapse


photography, dissolves, and hand-painted color.

Draw desenhar
Setting posio
Angle ngulo
Costume fantasia
Props adereos
Unless a menos que
Perhaps talvez
Accurate preciso
Actual real
Shooting 2ilmagem
Take shape tomar
forma
Screenplay roteiro
Sort tipo
Draft rascunho
Aware ciente,
consciente
Death morte
Concerned
preocupado
To impersonate
personi2icar
Underwent passar
por
Hardship di2iculdade

Negative Sentences
DID NOT + VERB (base form)
Example: I did not work yesterday
or

I didnt work yesterday


INCORRECT: I didnt worked

Dont forget!

- I didnt go on holiday last year

- I didnt went on holiday last year

Interrogative
YesSentences
/No Questions
DID + subject + main verb + rest of sentence + ?
Example:

Did you work yesterday?


- Yes, I did.
- No, I didnt.

REMEMBER!!
uPositive sentences:

uI played football yesterday


uI went home early on Saturday

uNegative sentences:

uI didnt play football yesterday


uI didnt go home early on Saturday

uInterrogative sentences:
uDid you play football yesterday?
uDid you go home early in Saturday?

REMEMBER!!
Verb TO BE

uPositive sentences:

uI was in London last year

uNegative sentences:
u-They werent at home last weekend
uYes/No questions:

uWere you ill yesterday?

made

found

bought

met
saw

took

wanted

happened
watched

came
brought