You are on page 1of 64

7.

STRUCTURAL
DESIGN

7.1 DESIGNING OF SLAB

7.1.1 GENERAL

Slabs form and roof of building. Generally they are assumed to carry
uniformly distributed loads. In most cases slabs are analyzed for flexure only.
Usually slabs are horizontal except in the case

of staircase. Beams and wall

support slabs.
Consider a slab panel support on all its four sides. If the ratio of the long
span to the short span is greater than 2 the load or the slab is taken as carried by the
short span. Such a slab is called as a one way slab. If the ratio of the long span to
the short span is less than of 2 the load or the slab is taken as carried partly by the
short and long span such a slab is called as a two way slab. A greater part of the
load is carried by the short span.
The reinforcement for a one way slab consists of main bars and distribution
bars or temperature bars. These two sets of bars form a mesh of reinforcement. The
either direction shall ne not less than 0.12% of cross area when high grade Fe 415
bars are used and 0.15% of the cross area when yield steel Fe 250 bars are used.
The load acting on the slab is
1. Dead load
2. Imposed or live load

7.1.2 ONE WAY CONTINUOUS SLAB

TAKEN DATA:
Passage

= 1.76m10.22m

Fy

= 415 N/mm2

Fck

= 20 N/mm2

Clear cover =20mm


Dia of bar =10mm
Step: 1 Type of slab
Ly/Lx

= 10.22/1.76 = 5.80
Ly/Lx > 2

That is one way slab


Step: 2 Effective depth
L/d

= 35

= 1760/35

100mm

Step: 3 over all depth


D

= d + cover + /2
= 100 + 20 + (10/2) = 125mm
4

130mm

Step: 4 Effective span


Leff = clear span + d
= 1760 + 100
Leff = 1860mm

Step: 5 Load calculation


(i)Self weight of slab

=DB
= 0.13 25 1 = 3.25 KN/m

Floor finishing

= 1 KN/m

Total load (Wd)

= 4.25 KN/m

Factored load

= 1.5Wd = 1.54.25
= 6.375 KN/m

(ii) live load

= 31 = 3 KN/m

Floor finishing

= 1 KN/m

Total load (Wl)

= 4 KN/m

Factored load

= 1.5Wl = 1.54
= 6 KN/m

Step: 6 Bending moment


(i)Interior support
= - [(Wdl2/12) + (Wll2/9)]

Mu1

= - [((6.3751.862)/12) + ((61.862)/9)]
= - 4.16 KNm
(ii)Middle span
Mu2

= [(Wdl2/16) + (Wll2/12)]
= [((6.3751.862)/16) + ((61.862)/12)]
= 3.09 KNm

(iii)Next to end support


Mu3

= - [(Wdl2/10) + (Wll2/9)]
= - [((6.3751.862)/10) + ((61.862)/9)]
= - 4.5 KNm

(iv)Near middle end span


Mu4

= [(Wdl2/12) + (Wll2/10)]
= [((6.3751.862)/12) + (61.862)/10)]
= 3.90 KNm

Step: 7 shear force


Table 13 IS 456-2000
Co-efficient of shear force = 0.6
Vu

= (Wd0.6) + (Wl0.6)
= (6.3750.6) + (60.6)

Vu

= 7.42 KN
6

Vu

= 7.421.46 = 13.06 KN

Step: 8 Moment of resistance


= 0.138fckbd2

Mulimit

= 0.1382010001002
= 27.6106 Nmm

Mulimit

Mu < Mulimit Hence its safe


Under reinforcement
Step: 9 Area of under support span
Ast

[1-

Ast

= 450mm2

Spacing

[1-

]bd
]1000100

= (ast/Ast)1000
= ((/4)102)/450)1000

= 180mm

Provide 10mm diameter of bar 180mm c/c distance


Step: 10 Distribution reinforcement
Ast

= 0.12% BD
= (0.12/100)1000130

Ast

= 156mm2
7

Using 8mm bars


Spacing

= (ast/Ast)1000
= ((/4)82)/156)1000
S

= 320mm

Provide 8mm bars @ 300mm c/c distance


Step: 11 Check for shear
v

= vu/bd = 13.06103/(100000)
= 0.13 N/mm2

= (100450)/(1000100)
= 0.45 N/mm2

< c Hence shear is safe

Step: 12 Check for deflection


No.of bars = Ast/ast = 450/((/4)102)
s

= 6 nos
= 0.58fy[Ast/no.of bararea]
= 0.58415[450/(6(/4)102)]

=229mm

modification factor = 1.6


d

= (L/20)1.6
8

= (1760/20)1.6
d

= 55

drequired < dprovided

7.1.3 TWO WAY CONTINUOUS SLAB


TAKEN DATA:
Room size = 3.66x3.05m
Fck

= 20 N/mm

Fy

= 415 N/mm

Clear cover = 20mm


Dia bar

=10mm

Step:1 Type of slab


Ly/Lx = 3.66/3.05
= 1.2 2 two way slab
Step:2 Effective depth
L/d = 35
d

= 3050/35 = 87.14

=90mm

Step:3 Over all depth


D

= d +cover+ (diameter of bar/2)


10

(use 10mm bar)


= 90 + 20 +(10/2)
= 115mm
D

= 120mm

Step:4 Effective span


1. Clear span + support width = 3.05 + 0.23 = 3.280m
2. Clear span + effective depth = 3.05 + 0.90 = 3.14m
Take less than value Leff = 3.14m

Step:5 Load calculation


1.Self weight

= D b
= 0.12251
=3 KN/m

2. Live load

=31 = 3 KN/m

3. Floor finishing = 11 = 1KN/m


Total load

= 7 KN/m

Factor load

= 7 1.5
W

= 10.5 KN/m

Step: 6 Bending moment


11

L/L

=1.2

= 0.048, = 0.036

= 0.028, = 0.037

-M

= W Leff

-M

= 0.04810.53.14
= 4.985KNm

= 0.03610.53.14
= 3.738KNm

-M

= W Leff

-M

= 0.03710.53.14
= 3.842KNm

= 0.02810.53.14
= 2.907KNm

Step:7 Shear force


V

= 1/2w Leff
= 1/210.53.14

Vu

= 16.51KN

Step: 8 Check for effective depth


12

d = Mu/2.76b
d =
d = 42.5 mm
Effective depth provided Effective depth required
90

42.5

Step: 9 Main reinforcement


Mu max = 0.87 f Ast d [1-(Ast F)/(fck b d)]
4.9910 = 0.87415Ast95 [1-(415Ast)/(20100095)]
4.9910 = 34299.75Ast 7.49Ast
7.49Ast - 34299.75Ast + 4.9910 = 0
Ast = 180mm
Using 10mm diameter bar
No. of bars = Ast/ast
= 180/((/4)10)
No. of bars = 2 Nos
Spacing limit
(i)3d = 395 = 285mm
(ii)300mm
Hence provided 10mm bars at 280mm c/c distance

13

Step:10 Distribution reinforcement


Ast = 0.12% bd
Ast = (0.12/100)100095
Ast = 114mm
Spacing limit
Using 8mm bars
S = [ast / Ast] b
S = [(4)8/114]1000
S = 440.92mm
5d = 595 = 475mm
Provided 8mm diameter of bars at 440mm c/c distance
Step:11 Check for shear
= Vu/bd
= 16.5110/(100095)
= 0.173
c = (100Ast)/ bd
= (100180)/(100095)
= 0.18
14

<c shear is safe


Step:12 Check for deflection
s

= (0.58fyAst)/(ast no.of bars)


= (0.58415180)/(78.52)

s = 275.82N/mm
Modification factor =1.6
= (3145/(261.6))
=75.60mm
Effective depth provided = 95mm75mm
Hence the slab is safe in deflection .

15

16

7.2 DESIGNING OF BEAM

17

7.2.1 GENERAL OF BEAM

Beams are meant for supporting slabs, walls are secondary beam.
For a simply supported beam or slab the effective span can be taken as clear
span plus effective are the distance between the centers of bearing whichever
is less.
In the case of continuous beam are slab if width of the support is
less than of the span, the effective span should be taken as mentioned
above. If the supports are wider than of clear span or 600mm. whichever
is less than, effective span shall be taken as follows.
1. For end span with one end fixed and other continuous, or for
intermediate span, the effective span shall be the clear span between
support and
2. For end span with one end fixed and other continuous, the effective
span shall be equal to the clear span plus half width of continuous
support, whichever is less.
Beam must possess adequate stiffness to prevent such deflection as
might impair the strength, appearance or efficiency of the structure or
produce crack in finishes and partition. The deflection shall generally be
limited to the following.
The final deflection due to all loads including the effect of
temperature, creep and shrinking measured for the case- level of supports of

18

floor, roofs and all other horizontal members should not normally exceeds
span/250.
The deflection due to all loads including the effect of temperature,
creep and shrinking occurring after erection partition and the application of
finished should not normally exceed span/350 or 20mm whichever is less.

19

7.2.2 DESIGN OF DOUBLY CONTINUOUS BEAM

TAKEN DATA:
Beam size: 300mm500mm
Room size: 3.66m3.05M
Fck

= 20N/mm

Fy

= 415N/mm

Step:1 Effective depth


Assume the 25mm for steel 25mm thick cover
d

=D- cover-dia of bar/2


=500 -25-25/2
=462.5mm
d

=460mm

Step:2 Load calculation


Self weight

= BD
=0.5125
=12.5 KN/m
20

Floor finishing =2.5 KN/m


Self weight of slab =25.16KN/m
Total load

=40.16KN/m

Factored dead load

=Total load1.5
=40.161.5
=60.24KN/m

Live load = 43.05 = 12.2KN/m


Factor live load = 12.21.5 =18.3KN/m
Step:3 Effective span:
(i) L=clear span + support width = 3.05 + 0.23 = 3.28m
(ii) L=clear span + effective depth = 3.05 +0.46 = 3.51m
Take less than value
Step:4 Bending moment:
(i) FM at near middle of end span:
BM = (Fdd (Leff))/12) + (Fdl (Leff))/10
= ((60.243.28)/12) + ((18.33.28)/10)
= 54.0 +19.68
BM = 73.68KNm
(ii) FM at middle of interior span:
21

BM = (Fdd(Leff))/16) + (Fdl(Leff))/12)
= ((60.243.28)/16) + ((18.33.28)/12)
= 40.50 + 16.4
= 56.90KNm
(iii)FM at support next to the end support:
BM = - (Fdd(Leff))/10) (Fdl(Leff))/9)
= - ((60.243.28)/10) ((18.33.28)/9)
= - 64.80 21.37
= -86.67KNm
Step:5 Check for depth
Mu max

= Qu bd
d

= 320mm

Depth required < Depth provided


Step:6 Main reinforcement
Mu = 0.87 f Ast [d-((f Ast)/(fck b))]
73.6810 = 0.87415Ast[460-(Ast415)/(20300)]
73.6810 = 166083Ast -24.97Ast

22

24.97Ast -166083Ast + 73.6810 = 0


Ast =480mm
Provided 10mm diameter of bar using 6 Nos of bar
Mu = 0.87fAst[d-(Ast f)/(bfck))]
56.9010 = 0.87416Ast[460-(Ast415)/(20300)]
56.9010 = 16603Ast - 24.97Ast
24.97Ast - 16603Ast + 56.9010=0
Ast = 370mm
Provided 10mm diameter of bar using 4 Nos of bars
Mu = 0.87fAst[d-(Ast f)/(fck b)]
86.6710 = 0.87415Ast[460-(Ast 415)/(20300)]
86.6710 = 166083Ast - 24.97Ast
24.97Ast - 166083Ast + 86.6710 =0
Ast = 580mm
Provided 10mm diameter of bar using 6 Nos of bar

23

Step:7 Curtailment
(i)

Mid steel of interior end span = Curtail 70% of Ast at a distance


of not more than 0.15L from center of interior of supports.
Curtail 2Nos of 10mm at 0.45m from center of interior
support.

(ii)

(iii)

Mid steel of exterior end span = Curtail 70% of Ast at a


distance of not more than 0.10Lfrom center of exterior
supports.
Curtail 2Nos of 25mm at 0.30m from center of exterior
support.
Tension steel at support = Curtail 40% of Ast at a distance
0.15L from face of supports.
Curtail 2Nos of 10mm at 0.45m from face of support
remaining.

24

25

7.3 DESIGNING OF LINTEL

TAKEN DATA:
Door width = 1.20m
Height of wall above lintel (h) =1.0m
Wall thick =230mm
Fck = 20 N/mm2
Fy

= 415N/mm2

Step:1 Effective depth


Assume the size of lintel = 230mm150mm
Assume the 8mm bars
Effective depth

= 150 -20-8/2

Effective depth

= 126mm

Step:2 Effective span


Clear span + support width

= 1.2 +0.23 = 1.43m

Clear span + effective depth

= 1.2 + 0.126 = 1.326m

Lesser is 1.326m

26

Step:3 load calculation


Height of masonry wall above the lintel
h

= 1.0 0.15 = 0.85m


= 0.866l

=0.8661.326=1.15m

h<0.866l
The weight of rectangular portion of wall above the lintel
=LBh
= 1.3260.230.8519 = 4.93KN
=LBd

Self weight

= 1.3260.230.1525
= 1.15KN
Total load

= 4.93+1.15 = 6.15KN

Factored load

= 1.5Total load

Wu

= 1.56.15 = 9.21KN

Step: 5 Bending moment


Max design BMu = WLeff/8
= (9.211.326)/8
BMu = 2.63KN

27

Step: 6 Check for effective depth


d

=
=

= 56.13mm

d provided d required
126mm 56.13mm
The design is safe.
Step: 7 Area of steel reinforcement
Mu

= 0.87fyAstd [1-(fyAst)/(fckbd)]

2.6310 = 0.87415Ast126 [1-(415Ast)/(20230126)]


2.6310
Ast
No.of bars

= 45492.3Ast 32.57Ast
= 60.42mm
= Ast/ast
= 60.42/((/4)8)

No.of.bars

= 2Nos

Provided 2 nos of 8mm bars at bottom as tension reinforcement


and 2 nos of 6mm bars at top as hanger bars.

28

7.4 DESIGNING OF SUNSHADE

Taken data:
Size of sunshade = 2m0.6m
Fck

=20 N/mm

Fy

= 415N/mm

Clear cover = 15mm


Step: 1 type of slab
Ly/Lx

= 2/0.6
= 3.33mm
3.33

Hence one way slab


Step: 2 Effective depth
d

= span/7
= 600/7 = 85.71

85mm

Step: 3 over all depth


using 10mm diameter of bar
D

= d + cover +/2
29

= 85 + 15 + 10/2

= 105mm

Step: 4 Effective span


Clear span + support width/2

=0.6 + 0.23/2 =0.715m

Clear span + d/2

= 0.6+ 0.85/2 = 1.025m

Effective span is the least of above values, l

=0.715m

Step: 5 load calculation


= 1 b D

Self weight

= 25 1 1 0.105
= 2.62KN/m
Live load

= 2KN/m

Floor finishing

= 1KN/m

Total load

= 5.62KN/m

(w)

Factored load(wu) = 1.5 w


= 1.5 5.62 = 8.43KN/m
Step: 6 Bending moment
Mu

= (W Leff )/8
= ( 8.43 0.715)/8
30

= 0.53810 Nm
Step: 7 Check for effective depth
d

=
=

= 13.98mm

Mu

= 0.87fyAstd[1-(Astfy)/(fckbd)]

Step: 8 Area of steel

0.538106 = 0.87415Astd[1-(Ast415)/(20100085)]
0.53810 = 30689.25Ast 7.49Ast2
7.49Ast -30689.25Ast + 0.53810 = 0
Ast
Spacing

= 17.62mm2
= (ast/Ast)1000
= ((/4)82)/ 17.62)1000
= 285.27 mm

Check for spacing


(i) 300mm
(ii) 285.27mm less one
(iii) 3d = 380 = 240mm

31

Use 10mm of bar @ 240mm c/c distance main


reinforcement.
Step: 9 Distribution reinforcement
Ast

= 0.12% bd
= (0.12/100)100080

Ast
Spacing

= 96mm2
= (ast/Ast)1000
= (/4)82/96)1000

= 523.59mm

32

33

7.5 DESGNING OF COLUMN

34

7.5.1 GENERAL OF COLUMN


A column forms a very important of a structure. Column support beam
which in turns support walls and slab. It should be realized that the failure of a
column therefore receive importance. A column is defined as compression
member, the effective length of which exceeds three times the least lateral
dimension. Compression member whose lengths don't exceed three times least
lateral dimension may be of plain concrete.
Column may be cast of any of following shapes square, circular,
hexagonal, octagonal tec.., longitudinal reinforcement is provided to resist
compressive loads along steel with concrete. As per IS456 a reinforced concrete
column shall have longitudinal steel reinforcement steel reinforced and the cross
sectional area of the column required to transmit all the loading.
The object of stipulating a minimum percentage of steel is to make provision
to prevent buckling of the column due to any accidental eccentricity of the load on
it. The object of stipulating a maximum percentage of steel is to provide
reinforcement within such a limit to avoid congestion of reinforcement which
would make it very difficult to placed the concrete and consolidate it.
The longitudinal reinforcement should be laterally tied by transverse links to
provide restraint outward buckling of each of the longitudinal bars. IS 456 code of
the diameter of main roads and in case less than 5mm in diameter. The need of the
transverse link should be pro-properly anchored.

35

Spacing of transverse link shall not exceed the least of the following:
1. The least lateral dimension of the column.
2. Sixteen times the diameter of the smallest longitudinal reinforcing road in
the column.
3. Fourty eight times diameter of the transverse reinforcement.

36

7.5.2 DESIGNING OF SQUARE COLUMN

Taken data:
Axial load = 500KN
Fck

= 20N/mm2

Fy

= 415N/mm2

Clear cover = 40mm


Pu

=1.5500 = 750KN

Length of column= 3m
Step:1 Size of column
ASC

=1% ag
= 1/100 ag

Asc

= 0.01ag

Ac

= ag 0.01ag
= 0.99ag

Pu

= (0.4fckAc) + (0.67fyAsc)

750103

= (0.4200.99ag) + (0.674150.01ag)

750103

= 10.70ag

Ag

= 750103/10.70
37

Ag

= 70093.45

A2

=70093.45

=264.75 300mm

Size of column = 300mm300mm


Asc

= 0.01ag

Asc

=0.01(300300)

Ascmax=900mm2
Step:2 Slenderness ratio
Both end fixed, Leff = 0.65L
Effective length

= 0.653000
=1950mm

Slenderness ratio =Leff/D


=1950/300 = 6.5mm
6.5< 12
It is a short column.
Step:3 Calculate the Eccentricity
Emin = (L/500) + (D/30)
= (3000/500) + (300/30)
38

= 16mm<emin = 20mm
Emin = 0.05D = 0.05300 =15mm
Step:4 Area of longitudinal steel, Asc
Pu

= (0.4fckAsc) +( 0.67fyAsc)

Ag

=300300 = 90000mm2

Ac

= Ag Asc

750103 = [0.420(90000 Asc)] + [0.67415Asc]


750103 = 720000 8Asc + 278.05Asc
750103 = 720000 + 270.05Asc
Asc

= 30000/270.05

Asc

= 111mm2

No.of bars = Ascmax/ast


Using 16mm diameter of bars
No.of bars = 900/((/4)162)
No.of bars = 4 nos
Provided 4 Nos 16mm diameter of bars.
% of Asc = [ (No of bars asc)/Ag]100
= [(4201)/90000]100
= 0.89 < 4% Ag 0.8% Ag
39

Hence ok
Step:5 Lateral ties
(a)Diameter
Minimum diameter is the greater of
(i) 6mm
(ii) 1/4larger longitudinal bar diameter = (1/4) 16 =
4mm say 8mm
(b)Pitch
Minimum pitch is the least of
(i)

The least lateral dimension

(ii)

16Dia of smallest longitudinal bar = 1616

= 300mm

=256mm
(iii)

300mm

Pitch = 300mm
Provide 8mm lateral ties@300mm c/c distance.

40

41

7.6 DESIGNING OF FOOTING

42

7.6.1 GENERAL OF FOOTING

The foundation of a structural

is the part of the structural which

transfers the load to the soil on which it rests. It forms a very important
part of the structure. The ground surface in contact with the lower surface
of the foundation is called the base of the fold foundation. The ground on
which the foundation rests is called the sub grade or foundation soil.
A foundation should be designed to safely transmit the load of the
structure on to a sufficient area of the soil so that the shear failure resulting
in the sliding area of the soil along a plane of rupture and thus result in
the collapse of the structure. Still another point of importance is the need to
bring about uniform settlements which should be within the tolerance of the
superstructure.
Due to the load of the structure the soil below is compressed. The
settlements of the soil depend on various factors like the intensity of the
Lording, the quality of the soil and the depth below the surface level. It is
very necessary that the settlements of the various components of a structure
should the same to prevent secondary stresses. To ensure uniform settlement
it is Necessary that the foundation of a structure.

43

7.6.2 DISGN OF ISOLATED SQUARE FOOTING


Taken data :
Axial load

= 750 KN

Size of column

= 300300mm

SBC of soil

= 200KN

Fck

= 20 N/mm2

Fy

= 415 N/mm2

Mulimit

= 2.76 bd2

Step: 1 Size of footing


Column axial load

= 750 KN

Lintel axial load

= 6.14 KN

Sunshade axial load

= 5.62 KN

Total load

= 761.76 KN

Factored load

= 1.5 total load

Self weight of footing

= 10% = (10/100)1142.64
= 114.264 KN
= 1142.64 + 114.264

Total working load

= 1256.904 KN

44

Area of footing

= Total working load on footing/SBC of soil


= 1256.904/200
= 6.28m2

Side of square footing

= 2.50m2

= (0.32.50)
= 0.75
Size aa

1m

= 11 = 1m2

Step : 2 Bending moment


Q

= (1.5P)/area of footing
= (1.51142.62)/(11)

= 1713.93 KN/m2

Projection of footing beyond face of column


= (1000 300)/2
= 350mm
Mu

= qa(0.351)
= 1713.93(0.351)(0.35/2)

Mu

= 105.0KNm

Step: 3 Over all depth


d

=
45

=
d

= 195.0

200mm

= 200 + (50 +20/2)

= 260mm

Step : 4 Effective depth


d

= D 50 + 20/2
= 260 60

= 200mm

Step : 5 Area of steel reinforcement


Mulimit

= 2.76 bd2
= 2.7610002002

Mulimit

= 1104KNm

Maximum bending moment = Mu = 10510


Mu<Mulimit it is an under reinforcement section
Mu
10510

= 0.87fyAstd[1-(Ast fy)/(fckbd)]

= 0.87415Ast200[1-(415Ast/(201000200))]
10510

= 72210Ast 7.49Ast2

7.49Ast2 72210Ast + 10510


Ast

= 1784.3mm2
46

Providing 20mm bars.


ast

= (/4)202 = 314.15mm2

no. of bars = Ast/ast


= 1784/314.15
= 5.6

6 nos

Provide 12nos of 14mm bars on either direction.


Step : 6 Development length
Length of projection of footing beyond face of column = 350mmmm
Ld

= (0.87fy)/(4bd)
= (0.8741514)/(41.21.6)

Ld

= 658.16mm

Step : 7 Height of footing


H

= p/w [(1-sin)/(1+sin)]2
= 200/20 [(1-sin30)/(1+sin30)]
= 100.11

= 1.1m

Step : 8 check for bearing stress


Bearing stress

= Design load /Top area for further


= (1142.64103)/(300300)
47

Bearing stress
Permissible bending stress

= 0.380Nmm2
= 0.45fck /a

A1 = bottom area of further of pyramid = 11 = 1m2


A2 = top area of further of pyramid

= 0.30.3 = 0.09m2

Permissible bending stress

= 0.4520 /0.09
= 100 Nmm2

Actual bearing stress < permissible bending stress

48

49

8. DETAILED ESTMATE
QUANTITY
S.NO
1

DESCRIPTION

NOS

L (m)

B (m) D (m)

(m3)

EARTH WORK EXCAVATION


For column

24

1.1

26.4

Steps

1.2

0.9

0.1

0.108

49

0.3

0.5

7.35

14.04

0.3

0.5

2.106

9.54

0.3

0.5

1.431

EARTH BEAM
(a) Wall allround
(i)watting hall,ABDO
,JE,AE room
(ii) security room,
passade,W.H

TOTAL
2

37.395

SAND FILLING
FOOTING

24

0.1

2.4

,AE ,JE

3.66

3.05

0.6

26.7912

(ii) File room

3.66

1.95

0.6

4.2822

(iii) Security room

3.66

1.27

0.6

2.78892

(iv) Passage 1

3.89

1.33

0.6

3.10422

(v) Passage 2

10.22

1.76

0.6

10.79232

(vi) ABDO room

3.66

3.66

0.6

8.03736

(vii) Waitting hall

5.65

3.59

0.6

12.1701

BASEMENT
(i) Office room,BDO

50

S.NO

DESCRIPTION
(viii) Toilet

NOS

L(m)

B(m)

D(m)

QUANTITY

1.72

2.24

0.6

4.62336

TOTAL
3

74.96

P.C.C 1:4:8
Foundation

24

0.15

3.6

(i) R.C.C Mate (Bed)

24

0.2

4.8

(ii) R.C.C Slope

24

0.65

0.65

0.3

3.042

(b) Column

24

0.3

0.3

0.25

0.54

R.C.C 1:1.5:3 BELOW


4

G.L
(a) Footing

TOTAL

15.34

R.C.C 1:1.5:3 ABOVE


5

G.L
(a) Column

24

0.3

0.3

6.48

(b) Wall all round

49

0.23

0.3

3.38

(i) W.Hl,ABDO,A.E,J.E

14.04

0.23

0.3

(ii) S.R, passade,W.H

9.54

0.23

0.3

0.58

Long beam 1

14.5

0.3

0.5

6.525

Long beam 2

10.47

0.3

0.5

1.5705

Long beam 3

2.24

0.3

0.5

0.336

Short beam 1

10

0.3

0.5

(A) EARTH BEAM

(B) BEAM

51

S.NO

DESCRIPTION

NOS

L(m)

B(m)

D(m)

QUANTITY

(C) Lintel beam

20

1.2

0.23

0.15

0.828

(D) Sunshade

10

0.6

0.1

1.2

Slab 1

3.66

3.05

0.13

5.80476

Slab 2

3.66

3.66

0.13

1.741428

Slab 3

5.65

3.59

0.13

2.636855

Slab 4

3.66

1.27

0.13

0.604266

Slab 5

3.66

1.95

0.13

0.92781

Slab 6

10.22

1.76

0.13

2.338336

Slab 7

3.66

1.33

0.13

0.632814

Slab 8

1.72

2.24

0.13

1.001728

(E) SLAB

TOTAL
6

39.561

BRICK WORK
(a) Basement
Long wall 1

14.5

0.23

0.6

6.003

Long wall 2

10.47

0.23

0.6

1.44486

Long wall 3

2.24

0.23

0.6

0.30912

Short wall

10

0.23

0.6

2.76

Long wall 1

14.5

0.23

30.015

Long wall 2

10.47

0.23

7.2243

Long wall 3

2.24

0.23

1.5456

Short wall

10

0.23

13.8

(b)Super structure

(c) Parapet wall


52

S.NO

DESCRIPTION

NOS

L(m)

B(m)

D(m)

QUANTITY

Long wall

14.5

0.23

0.6

4.002

Short wall

10

0.23

0.6

2.76

TOTAL

69.863

DEDUCTION
Door 1

1.2

0.23

2.1

4.6368

Door 2

0.9

0.23

2.1

0.8694

Windows

10

1.2

0.23

1.2

3.312

Ventilator

0.6

0.23

0.3

0.0828

DEDUCTION = 8.901

TOTAL = 60.962
PLASTERING IN CM
7

(m2)

1:3,12mm TK
a)outer side allround

49

147

waiting area

3.66

87.84

office room

3.66

21.96

security room

1.27

7.62

file room

3.66

33.9

ladies toilet

1.72

10.32

gents toilet

1.72

10.32

b)INNER SIDE
(I) LONG WALL
BDO,ABDO,AE ROOM

53

S.NO

DESCRIPTION

NOS

L(m)

passage 1

passage 2

B(m)

D(m)

QUANTITY

1.76

10.56

1.33

7.98

waiting area

3.05

73.2

office room

3.05

18.3

security room

3.66

21.96

ladies toilet

2.24

13.44

gents toilet

2.24

13.44

passage 1

10.22

61.32

passage 2

3.396

20.376

waiting area

3.66

3.05

44.652

office room

3.66

3.05

11.163

security room

1.27

3.66

4.648

file room

3.66

1.95

7.187

ladies toilet

1.72

2.24

3.85

gents toilet

1.72

2.24

3.85

passage 1

1.76

10.22

17.98

passage2

1.336

3.396

4.53

(a)Inside

14.5

0.6

8.7

short wall

14.04

0.6

16.84

long wall

9.54

0.6

11.44

(II) SHORT WALL


BDO,ABDO,AE ROOM

CEILLING
BDO,ABDO,AE ROOM

PARAPET WALL

54

S.NO

DESCRIPTION

NOS

L(m)

short wall

long wall

B(m)

D(m)

QUANTITY

14.5

0.6

8.7

10

0.6

Bottom

0.6

1.2

Top

0.6

1.2

Side

(b)Out side

SUNSHADE

0.1

TOTAL

0.6

711.8

DEDUCTION
door 1

0.9

2.1

7.56

door

1.2

2.1

15.12

Window

10

1.2

1.2

14.4

Ventilator

0.6

0.3

0.36

TOTAL

37.44

DEDUCTION
8

674.36

Weathering course with brick jelly concrete in lime 75mm thick

Top celling

9.54

14.04

267.88

White Washing Two


9

Coats
As per plastering area

55

674.36

S.NO DESCRIPTION

10

NOS

L(m)

B(m)

D(m)

Providing
Lump sum

Electrification work

Providing pumping
11

work

Lump sum

12

Providing water supply

Lump sum

13

Sanitary work

Lump sum

56

QUANTITY

COST OF MATERIAL & LABOURS


S.NO

MATERIALS

COST

PER

Brick

4500

1000 nos

Sand

500

Gravel

111

Broken stone 20mm size

600

Broken stone 40mm size

780

Cement

5200

Ton

Steel

65

Kg

White cement

35

Kg

C.R.Masonry

242

10

Mixing Charge

100

11

Paint

250

Liter

12

Wall tiles 3003006mm

20

1 no

13

Earth work excavation

55

14

Building Wire

90

Kg

15

Crude oil

60

Kg

16

Mason 1 class

600

Day

17

Mason 2 class

450

Day

18

Mazdoor 1 class

350

Day

19

Mazdoor 2 class

300

Day

57

S.NO

MATERIALS

COST

PER

20

Bar bender 1 class

400

Day

21

bar bender 2 class

350

Day

22

Carpenter 1 class

350

Day

23

Carpenter 2 class

300

Day

24

Painter 1 class

450

Day

25

Painter 2 class

400

Day

26

Wire Man 1 class

350

Day

27

Centering

200

Day

28

Lime

2200

Day

58

9. ABSTRACT ESTIMATE
SUB DATA
Cement mortor 1:3 m3
S.NO

QTY

ITEMES

RATE

PER

AMOUNT

1
2
3

480
m3
m3

Cement
Sand
Mixing Charges

5200
500
100

Ton
m3
m3

2496
500
100
3
m =3096

Cement

Mortor

1:5-m3

S.NO

QTY

ITEMES

RATE

PER

AMOUNT

1
2
3

288kgs
m3
m3

Cement
Sand
Mixing Charges

5200
500
100

Ton
m3
m3

1498
500
100
3
m =2098

P.C.C 1:4:8 m3
S.NO

QTY

ITEMES

RATE

PER

AMOUNT

1
2
3
4

167kgs
0.46m3
0.92m3
m3

Cement
Sand
Aggregate 40mm
Mixing Charges

5200
500
780
100

Ton
m3
m3
m3

869
230
718
100
3
m =1917

59

R.C.C 1:1.5:3 m3
S.NO
1
2
3
4

QTY
393kgs
0.41m3
0.82m3
m3

ITEMES
Cement
Sand
Aggregate
Mixing Charges

SAND
S.NO
1
2
3

S.NO
1
2
3

S.NO
1
2
3

QTY
m3
m3
m3

RATE
5200
500
780
100

PER
Ton
m3
m3
m3

AMOUNT
2044
205
640
100
3
m =2989

RATE
111
300
250

PER
m3
Each
Each

AMOUNT
111
300
250
m3=661

1:3 m2
RATE
310
600
450

PER
m2
Day
Day

AMOUNT
310
300
225
2
m =735

PER
Day
Day
1 Liter

AMOUNT
225
200
250
2
m =675

FILING m3

ITEMES
Gravel
Male C0llie
Female Collie

QTY
m2
0.5 day
0.5 day

PLASTERING
ITEMES
C.M 1:3
Mason 1 Class
Mason 2 Class

QTY
0.5 day
0.5 day
1

PAITING - 1 -m2
ITEMES
RATE
Painter 1 Class
450
Painter 2 Class
400
Paint
250

60

MAIN DATA
S.NO QTY ITEMES
1
37.395 Earth work Excavation
2
16.676 C.M 1:5
3
74.96 Sand filling
4
3.6
PCC 1:4:8
5
54.9 RCC 1:1.5:3
6
10
Bar bender 1 Class
7
10
Bar bender 2 Class
8
2
Binding wire
9
150 Centering
10
34431 Brick
11
500 Steel
12
675 Plastering
13
675 Painting
14
L.S Electrical work
15
L.S Water Supply work
16
L.S Toilet work
17
L.S Septic tank work
18
L.S Wood & gril
19
1400 Mangalore tiles
20
134 Weathering Course

RATE
800
2098
661
1917
2989
400
350
90
200
4500
65
735
675
10000
5000
5000
10000
10000
20
500

PER
1m3
1m3
1m3
1m3
1m3
Day
Day
Kg
m2
Nos
Kg
m2
m2
L.S
L.S
L.S
L.S
L.S
1ft2
m2
TOTAL=
Add 5% of wastages=
TOTAL AMOUNT

61

AMOUNT
29916
34986.248
49548.56
6901.2
164096.1
4000
3500
180
30000
154939500
32500
496125
455625
L.S
L.S
L.S
L.S
L.S
28000
67000
1541878.1
77093.9
16,18,972

10. CONCLUSION

As per complete work we are here with submitted the total cost of the
project
The total area of the building measure as

= 145 m2

The total cost of the building

= 16,18,972 RS

The cost of the building per sq.m

= 11165 RS

The total area of the building measure as

= 1600 sq.ft

The cost of the building per sq.feet

= 1015 RS

62

63

64