You are on page 1of 9

***1.

**2.
***3.
*4.
5.
***6.
***7.

***8.
**9.
*10.
***11.
***12.
**13.
***14.
***15.
16.

LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS


ATOMIC STRUCTURE
What are the postulates of Bohrs model of hydrogen atom? Discuss the importance of this
model to explain various series of line spectra in hydrogen atom. [ Sep-2000,March2000,01,03,04,05,06,08,09, May-2013]
Explain the dueal behavior of matter. Discuss its significance to microsopic particles like
electrons.
How are the quantum numbers n, 1 and m arrived at? Explain the significance of all the
quantum numbers. [Mar-2002,June-04,06,07,08,March-2010,13,May-2013]
Explain Rutherfords nuclear model of an atom. What are its drawbacks?
Write a short note on Heisenbergs uncertainity principle ? Write its Significance.
PERIODIC TABLE (Classification of elements & Periodicity in properties)
Define IE1 and IE2. Why is IE2 > IE1 for a given atom? Discuss the factors that effect IE of
an element. [ Sep- 2000,March-2000,04,June-2004,06,08,09March-2010,13, May-2013]
What is periodic property? How the following properties vary in a group and in a period?
Explain. [July-2001,March-2003,June-2005,06,March-2007,May-2007,June-2008]
a) Atomic radius
b) Electron gain Enthalpy
c) Ionisation Energy (IE)
d) Nature of oxides e) Electro negativity
f) Metallic and non-metallic nature
Write an essay on s, p, d and f block elements. [March-2005]
Discuss the construction of long form periodic table.
Write a note on
a) Atomic radius
b) Metallic radius
c) Covalent radius
CHEMICAL BONDING AND MOLECULAR STRUCTURE
Expalin the factors favorable for the formation of Ionic Compounds.[March-2001,08]
Give the Molecular Orbital Energy diagram of (a) N 2 and (b) O2. Calculate the respective
bond order. Write the magnetic nature of N2 and O2 molecules. [March-2008,09]
How do you explian te geometry of the molecules on the basis of Valence bond Theory?
Give an accout of VSEPR Theory, and its applications [Sep-2000,March-2004,05,07,May2007]
Discuss Hybridisation with suitable examples ? [ March-2002,June-2002,04,05,March2006,June-2006,08, May-2013]
i) Explain coordinate covlent bond with example [March-2013]
ii) What is hybridisation? Explain

sp 3 d hybridisation with example.

CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM AND ACIDS - BASES


***17. State and explain Lechatliers principle? Discuss the application of Lechatliers principle for
the industrial synthesis of Ammonia and sulphur trioxide.
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
***18. Descdribe two methods of preparation of ethylene. Give equation for the reactions of ethylene
with the following.
[March-2002,04,10]
a) Ozone
b) Cold and dil.alkKMnO4
c) Hydrogen halide
d) Bromine e) water
***19. Give two methods of preparation of acetylene. How does it react with followings give the corresponding
equations [ Sep-2000,June-02,March-10]
a) Acetic acid b) Water
c) Hydrogen
d) Halogens e) Hydrogen halide f) Ammonical AgNO3 and Cu2Cl2
***20. Describe any two methods of preparation of benzene with corresponding equations. Benzene
does not behave like an alkenes, why? Explain the halogenations, alkylation, acylation,
nitration and sulphonation of benzene. [March-2001,May-2009,March-2010]
SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS
ATOMIC STRUCTURE
**1.
Explain photoelecric effect.
**2.
Expalin the difference between emission and absorption spectra.
*3.
What is a nodal plane? How many nodal planes are possible for 2p- and 3d- orbitals?
CLASSIFICAION OF ELEMENTS AND PERIODICITY IN PROPERTIES
***4. Give any four characteristic properties of transition elements.
**5.
What are rare earths and transuranic elements?
**6.
What is lanthanide contraction? What are its consequences?
*7.
What is diagonal relationship? Give a pair of elements having diagonal relationship. Why

***8.
**9.
**10.
**11.
***12.
***13.

***14.
***15.
**16.
***17.
**18.
**19.
20.

do they show this relation?


CHEMICAL BONDING AND MOLECULAR STRUCTURE
Explain the hybridization involved in PCl 5 and SF6 molecules.

What are and bonds? Specify the differences between them.


Explain the formation of Coordinate Covalent bond with one example.
Using Molecular Orbital Theory explain why the B 2 molecule is paramagnetic?
Even though nitrogen in ammonia is in sp 3 hybridization, the bond angle deviate from
109028. Explain.
STATES OF MATTER : GASES AND LIQUIDS
Deduce
(a) Boyles law and (b) Charles law
c) Grahams law
d) Daltons law
e) Kinetic energy from kinetic gas equation. [March-2003,05,07,June2008,13 ]
State and explain Grahams law of Diffusion and problem.
[June - 2002,March-03,June-2004,05,06,March-2010]
State and explain Daltons law of Partial pressures and problem.
[ March-2001,03,May-2007]
Define (a) rms (b) average and (c) most probable speeds of gas molecules. Give their
interrelationship and problem. [March-2000,Sep-2000,July-2001,May-2009,March-2007]
Write the postulates of Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases. [July - 2001,March-2002,04,06,08,
May-2013]
Derive the vander Walls equation of state. Explain the importance of vander Walls gas
equation.
What is Ideal gas. Derive Ideal gas equation. [March-2007]
STOICHIOMETRY
Balance the following redox reactions by ion - electron method:
(a)

MnO 4 (aq) I (aq) MnO 2 (s) I 2 (s) (in basic medium) **

(b) MnO 4 (aq) SO 2 (g) Mn 2 (aq) HSO 4 (aq) (in acidic solution)
(c) P4 s OH

aq PH3 g HPO2 aq Basic medium

(d) Cr2 O 72 (aq) SO 2 (g) Cr 3 (aq) SO 42 (aq) (in acidic solution) **


(e)

OH
Cr(OH)3 IO3
I CrO 42 (basic medium) **
2

(f) s o 4 B r s o 2 B r 2 (acid medium) ** [March-2013]


***21. Balance the following equation by the oxidation number method.
22.
***23.

***24.

**25.
***26.
***27.
*28.
***29.

MnO 42 Cl2 MnO 42 Cl

Calculate normality of H2SO4 solutions if 50ml of it completely neutralises 250ml of 0.1N


Ba(OH)2 solutions. (Ans : 0.5N)
Calculate the empirical formula of a compound having percentage compositon:
potassium (K) = 26.57, chromium (Cr) = 35.36, oxygen(O) 38.07. (Given the atomic
weights of K, Cr and O as 39, 52 and 16 respectively) (Ans : K 2Cr2O7) [June-2004,May2009]
Chemical analysis of a carbon compound gave the following percentage composition by
weight of the elements present, carbon = 10.06%, hydrogen = 0.84%, chlorine = 89.10%,
Calculate the empirical formula of the compound.
(Ans : CHCl3)
HYDROGEN AND ITS COMPOUNDS
Discuss the position of hydrogen in the periodic table on the basis of its electronic
configuration.
What is water-gas shift reaction? How can the production of dihydrogen be increased by
this reaction?
Write a few lines on the utility of hydrogen as a fuel. [May-2013]
Explain, with suitable examples, the following :
i) electron - deficient
ii) electron - precise and
iii) electron - rich hydrides
Explain the terms hard water and soft water. Write a note on the
i) ion - exchange method and ii) Calgon method for the removal of hardness of water.

[march-2013]
***30. Write the chemical reaction to justify that hydrogen peroxide can function as on oxidizing
as well as reducing agent.
***31. Complete and balance the following chemical reactions :
i)

PbS(s) H 2O2 (aq)

MnO 4 (aq) H 2 O 2 (aq)


iv) Ca 3 N 2 (s) H 2 O(l)
ii)

iii) CaO(s) H 2 O(g)


Classify the above into
(a) hydrolysis
(b) redox and (c) hydration reactions.
***32. Discuss, with relevant chemical equations, various methods of preparing hydrogen peroxide,
Which of these methods is useful to prepare D2O2?
33.
What do you mean by hardness of H2O ? Give reaction in permutit process.
THERMODYNAMICS
***34. State and explain the Hesss law of constant Heat summation.
[Mar-2013, May-2013]
35.
Explain extensive and intensive properties.
36.
State the second law and third law of thermodynamics. What do you under stand by it and
explain it.
***37. State the first law of thermodynamics. Explain its mathimatical notation.
Explain the state function enthalpy, H. What is the ralationship between U and H ?
Explain the followings
a) open
b) closed
c) Isolated
d) work e) heat
**40. Explain the followings
a) Internal energy b) Enthalpy c) Entropy d) Gibbs energy
41.
Explain the following with suitable examples
a) Enthalpy of vapouration b) Enthalpy of sublimation
c) Enthalpy of formation
d) Enthalpy of combustion
e) Enthalpy of atomisation f) Bond enthalpy
g) heat of dilution
CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM AND ACIDS - BASES
***42. Explain the terms : (i) electrolyte
(ii) Non - electrolyte
(iii) strong and weak electrolytes
(iv) ionic - equilibrium
*43.
Explain the terms :
(i) extent of ionization and on what factors it depends
(ii) dissociation
(iii) ionization
**44. Explain the Arrhenins concept of acids and bases.
45.
Define conjugate acid and conjugate base. Write the conjugate acid and conjugate base of
each of the following :
a) OHb) H2O
c) HCO3d) H2O4
46.
Define ionic product of water. What is its value at room temperature?
**47. What is common ion effect? Illustrate.
48.
Define solubility product? Write solubility product expressions for following
i) Ag2Cr2O7
ii) Zr3(PO4)4
**49. Give the classification of salts. What type of salts undergo hydrolysis?
**50. Define pH.. What is buffer solution? Derive Henderson - Hasselbalch equation for Calculating
the pH of an acid buffer solution.
51.
Write on (i) Common ion effect.
(ii) The relation between Ksp and solubility (S) of a spaningly soluble salt BaSO4.
38.
39.

52.

**53.

Derive the relation between K p and K c for the equilibrium reaction


i)

2SO2 O2

ii)

N 2 3H 2

(g)

(g)

2SO3 [March-2013]
(g)

2 NH 3

[May -2013]

THE S-BLOCK ELEMENTS


What do you know about Castner - Kellner process? Write the principle involved in it.

54.
**55.
56.

**57.
58.

[March-2000,01,02,June-05,March-07,08,May-08,09,March-2010]
Write an essay on the differences between lithium and other alkali metals.
Discuss the preparation and properties of sodium carbonate. (solvay process)
What happens when
i) Magnesium is burnt in air? ii) Quick lime is heated with silica;
iii) Chlorine reacts with slaked lime?
iv) Calcium nitrate is strongly heated?
What is Plaster of Paris? Write a short note on it.
How does NaOH reacts with (a) Cl2 (b) FeSO4 (c) NH 4Cl (d) AlCl3 . [ March-2002,2008]

THE P-BLOCK ELEMENTS (GROUP-13)


***59. Write any two methods of preparation of diborane. How does it react with
a) Carbon monoxide b) Ammonia c) H2O d) CO e) aq.KOH
***60. Explain the structure of diborane. [Sep-2000,March-2000,04,07,13,June-04,06,07]
***61. What borax ? Explain borax bead test with a suitable example. [May-2013]
*62.
What happens when
a) Borax is heated strongly b) Borax acid is added to water
c) Aluminium is heated with dilute NaOH
d) BF3 is treated with ammonia
e) Hydrated alumina is treated with aq. NaOH solution.
(GROUP - 14)
***63. What are silicones? How are they prepared? Give one example. What are their uses?
64.

Describe preparation of

H 2O gas. Mention it uses. [Sep-2000,01,02,March-2004,10]

**65. Write a note on the allotropy of carbon.


***66. Write a note on a) silicates b) zeolites
c) Fullerenes
67.
Graphite is conductor of electricity, whild diamond is not explain. [June-2004,March2007,May-2009]
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
***68. Complete the following reaction and name the products A,B and C.
**69.

AlCl3 CH3Cl
H2O
hot metal tube
CaC2
A
B
C [March-2004,05]

Name the products A, B and C formed in the following reactions. Give the equations for the
reactions.
Br 2 / CCl4
Br2
Alc.KOH
Ethylene
A
B
C [March-2009]

70.
71.
***72.
***73.
**74.
75.
76.
*77.
***78.
***79.
80.

What is substitution reaction? Explain any two substitution reactions of benzene. [March2007,June-2008]
What is dehydrohalogenation? Write the equation for the formation of alkene from alkyl
halide.
Which type of compounds react with Ozone? Explain with one example.
Give two examples each for position and functional isomerism. [March-2002,05,10, May2013]
Explain the mechanism of halogenations of methane.
Explain the reactions of acetylene with :
a) Na in NH3 b) Chromic acid
Write the equations and name the products.
Derive two methods of preparation of ethane. Give three reactions of ethane.
Explain the differences between structural isomers and stereo isomers.
What do you understand about geometrical isomerism? Explain the geometrical isomers of
2-butene. [March-2007,May-2007]
Write a note on :
a) Distillation
b) Fractional distillation
c) Distillation under reduced pressure
d) Steam distillation
Explain the following :
a) Column chromatography b) thin layer chromatography
c) Partion chromatogaphy.

**81.

Explain the estimation of nitrogen of an organic compound by


a) Dumas method
b) Kjeldahls method
***82. Explain Inductive effect and mesomeric effect.
***83. Write the possible conformations of ethane and explain which is more stable.
***84. Discuss Markownikovs rule and Kharash effect. (refer academic book Q No: 31)
**85. Explain Carius method for the determination of Halogens quantitatively in an organic
compound.
**86. What is carcinogenicity? Explain with two examples.
**87. Explain how carbon and Hydrogen are quantitatively determined in an organic compound.
88.

What is Ozonolysis ? Which type of compounds reacts with O3 . [March-2002,03,04]

***89. Write two mothods of priparation of ethylene? give the equations.


[March-2013]
***90. How the fallowing are obtained from benzene
(i) Nitro benzene
(ii) Methyle benzene give the equations [March-2013]
***91. Explain Wuitz reaction and friedel carafts alkylation with one example
[May -2013]
VERY SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS (VSAQ)
ATOMIC STRUCTURE
*1.
What is the charge, mass and charge to mass ratio of an electron?
***2. What is a black body?
3.
Which part of electromagnetic spectrum does Balmer series belong?
***4. How many p electrons are present in sulphur atom?
***5. What is Zeeman effect and Starck effect?
6.
Electrons are emitted with zero velocity from a metal surface when it is exposed to radiation of
wavelength 4000 . What is the threshold frequency (v0) ?
7.
Explain a) Paulis exclusion principle. b) Aufbau principle
c) Hunds rule
8.
Explain Heisenbergs uncertainty principle? and Explain the significance of Heisenbergs
Uncertainty principle.
PERIODIC TABLE (Classification of elements & Periodicity in properties)
***9. What are representative elements? Give their valence shell configuration.
*10.
Justify the position of f-block elements in the periodic table.
***11. An element X has atomic number 34. Give its position in the periodic table.
***12. Among

N 3 , o 2 , F , Na , Mg 2 and Al3

a) What is common in them?


b) Arrange them in the increasing ionic radil.
***13. Ionization enthalpy1 (IE1) of O is less than of N-explain.
**14. What is electronegativity? How is this useful in understanding the nature of elements?
**15. What is sereening effect? How is it related to IE?
16.
What is diagonal relation? Give one pair of elements, that have this relation.
17.
18.

Radii of iron atom and its ions follow Fe Fe 2 Fe3 - explain.


Electron affinity of chlorine is more than that of fluorine - explain.

CHEMICAL BONDING & MOLECULAR STRUCTURE


What is Octet rule?
Which of the two ions Ca2+ or Zn2+ is more stable and why?
Why argon does not form Ar2 molecule?
What is the best possible arrangement of four bond pairs in the valence shell of an atom to
minimise repulsions?
***23. If A and B are two different atoms when does AB molecule become Covalent?
**24. What is meant by localized orbitals?
*25.
How many Sigma and Pi bonds are present in (a) C 2H2 , (b) C2H4 and c) C6H6?
***19.
***20.
*21.
22.

26.

Write Lewis Dot structure for

S,S2 , NO 2 & CO32

STATES OF MATTER
***27. Define :
a) Isotherms b) Isobars c) Isochores d) compressibility factor
e) Absolute zero
***28. Define
a) Critical temperature b) Critical pressure c) Critical volume
***29. Define
a) Critical constant b) Surface tension c) Co-Efficient of viscosity
***30. What is Boltzmans constant? Give its value.
***31. Caluculate kinetic energy of 5 moles of nitrogon at 270C [May-2013]
***32. Caluculate kinetic energy of 3 moles of CO2 gas at 270C
[March-2013]
STOICHIOMETRY
***33. How many number of moles of glucose are present in 540 gms of glucose?
(Ans : 3
moles)
34.
Calculate the weight of 0.1 mole of sodium carbonate. (Ans : 10.6 g)
***35. The empirical formula of a compound is CH2O. Its molecular weight is 90. Calculate the molecular
formula of the compound.
(Ans : C3H6O3)
[May-2013,March-2013]
**36. What volume of H2 at STP is required to reduce, 0.795 g of CuO to give Cu and H2O.
(Ans: 0.224 L)
**37. Calculate the volume of O2 at STP required to cmopletely burn 100 ml of acetylene.
(Ans : 250 ml)
***38. What are the oxidation number of the underlined elements in each of the following and
how do you rationalise your results?
a) KI3 b) H2S2O6
c) Fe3O4
d) NaH2PO4
e) NaHSO4
f) H4P2O7
g)
K2MnO4 h) CaO2
i) NaBH4
j) H2S2O7
k) KAl(SO4)2.12H2O
**39. What are disproportionation reactions? Give example.
**40. What are comproportionation reactions? Give example.
*41.
Explain the role of redox reactions in titrimetre processes and galvanic cells.
***42. Caliculate the molarity of Na2CO3 in a solution prepared by dissolving water to form 250 ml
of the solution.
[May-2013]
THERMODYNAMICS
***43. Define a system. Give an example.
**44. What is the workdone in the free expansion of an ideal gas in reversible and irreversible
processes?
In isothermal free expansion of an ideal gas find the value of q and U .
What is the relationship between Cp and Cv.
Enthalpy decrease is not the criterion for spontaneity. Why?
Is increase of entropy the criterion for spontaneity? Why?
CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM & ACIDS - BASES
***49. State law of chemical equilibrium.
50.
Can equilibrium be achived between water and its vapours in an open vessel?
**51. What is homogenous equilibrium? Write two homogenous reactions.
**52. What is heterogeneous equilibrium? Write two heterogeneous reactions.
*53.
Write the relation between Kp and Kc.
*54.
Under what conditions for a reaction Kp and Kc are numerically equal?
*55.
Write the equations for the conversion of K c to Kp for each of the following reactions.
45.
**46.
*47.
*48.

a)

CO(g) H 2 O(g) CO 2 (g) H 2 (g)

b)

C3 H8 (g) 5O 2 (g) 3CO 2 (g) 4H 2 O(g)

56.
What are the factors which influence the chemical equilibrium?
***57. What is degree of ionization?
***58. What is the effect of temperature on a system at equilibrium?

59.
Define conjugate and base pair. Given an example.
***60. Concentration of hydrogen ion is 3.8x10-3M. What is its pH.[March-2013]

***61.
***62.
**63.
**64.

65.
***66.
**67.
*68.
69.
70.
71.
***72.

HYDROGEN AND ITS COMPOUNDS


The three iostopes of hydrogen differ in their rates of reaction. Give the reasons.
Explain the term SYNGAS.
What is meant by coal gasifucation? Explain with relevant, balanced equation.
What do you mean by autoprotolysis? Give the equation to represent the autoprotolysis of
water.
THE s-BLOCK ELEMENTS
Give reasons for the diagonal relationship observed in the periodic table.
Lithium salts are mostly hydrated. Why?
What happens when magnesium metal is burnt in air?
Write a balanced equation for the formation of ammoniated IIA metal ions from the metals
in liquid ammonia.
What happens when hydrated Mg(NO3)2 is heated? Give the balanced equation.
Write the average composition of Portland cement.
Why is gypsum added to cement?
Give the uses of the following.
a) caustic soda b) sodium carbonate c) quick lime d) plastic of paris

***73. Write the biological importance of mg and Ca. [March-2013, May-2013]


***74. Write any two uses of caustic soda [March-2013]
***75. Why are alkali metals not found in a free state in nature. [May-2013]
THE p-BLOCK ELEMENTS
76.

Are BCl3 and SiCl4 electron deficient compounds? Explain.

77.

Give the hybridization of carbon in


a) CO32

78.

b) diamond

c) graphite

d) fullerene

Classify the following oxides as neutral, acidic, basic or amphoteric.


a) CO
e) Al2O3

b) B2O3

c) SiO2

f) PbO2

d) CO2
g) Tl2O3

***79. How does graphite function as a lubricant?


***80. Graphite is a good conductor - explain.
*81.

Explain the structure of silica.

***82. What is synthesis gas?


**83.

What is producer gas?

**84.

How is water gas prepared?

**85.

How is producer gas prepared?

86.

Is boric acid a protic acid? Explain.

87.

What happens when boric acid is heated?

**88.

Explain inert pair effect.

89.

What is the hybridization of B in diborane and borazine?

*90.

Give the formula of borazine. What is its common name?

**91.

Give the formulae of a) Borax

92.

Give two uses of aluminium

b) Colemanite

93.

Sketch the structure of Orthoboric acid.

***94. Why dimond is hard .

[March-2013]

***95. i) Write two crystalline allotropes of carbon and mention the hybridisation present in then.
[March-2013]
***

ii) What is allotropy? give the crystalline allotropes of carbon. [May-2013]

***96. Why is carbon monoxide Poisonous


[May -2013]
ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY
97.
Explain the followings :
a) Biosphere b) Atmosphere c) Litho sphere d) Hydro shphere
***98. What is acid rain ? Name two adverse effects caused by acid rains. Which oxides cause acid
rain? and what is its pH value? [March-2013,May-2013]
99.
What are smoke and mist?
**100. What is PAN? What effect is caused by it?
***101. What is Ozone hole? Where was it first observed? Explain Depletion of Ozone layer.
102.
What agrochemicals are responsible for water pollution?
***103. What is green house effect? and how is it caused? [March-2013}
104.
Definea) Pollutant
b) Contaminant c) Receptor
d) Sink
e) TLV
f) COD and BOD g) Eutrophcation
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
105.
Write the structure of : Trichlorothanoic acid, Neopentane, p-nitro benzaldehyde.
106.
Write IUPAC names of :
a)

CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 CH CH 2
O
,

b)
CHO

CHO

c)
No2

107.

NO2

Learn the following reactions


a) Wurtz reaction
b) Friedalcrafts reactions
c) Polymensation of akenes & alkynes
d) Ozonolysis of C2H4, C2H2, C6H6.
e) Addition of H2O to C2H2.

108.

Write IUPAC names of the following compounds:


i) (CH3)3 C CH2C(CH3)3

109.

ii) (CH3)2 C(C2H5)2

Write structure formulas of the followig compounds:


i) 3, 4, 4, 5 -Tetramethylheptane

ii) 2, 5-Dimethyhexane

110.

How is Nitrobenzene prepared.

111.

Write structures and IUPAC names of different structural isomers of alkenes corresponding
to C4H10.

112.

Draw cis and trans isomers of the following compounds. Also write their IUPAC names:
i) CHCl=CHCl ii) C2H5CCH3=CCH3C2H5

113.

Explain a) Crystallisation

114.

Discuss Lassageine test.

b) Distillation

CH 3
***115. i)

H 3C C CH CH 2 CH 3
CH 3 CH 3

CH 3
ii)

H 3C C CH 2 COOH

[March -2013]

CH 3
***116.Write the structural formula following compounds
i) Trichloro ethonoic acid.
ii) Neo-Pentane.

[May-2013]

ALL THE BEST