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podiform Cr, (PGE)


Au-Cu quartz veins
n.d.
podiform Cr
podiform Cr
n.d.
n.d.
n.d.
podiform Cr
podiform Cr, (PGE)
n.d.
podiform Cr, (PGE)
Ni laterite
n.d.
podiform Cr
n.d.
n.d.

yes
yes

0.07
0.04
0.08

0.08
0.14

yes

yes

0.06
yes

0
0.09

0
0.08
0
0
0
0
0.06
0
0.11
0
0
0
0.06

0.07
0.04
0.08
0.14
0
0.1
0
0
0
0
0.06
0
0.11
0
0
0
0.06

3,765 hectares deposit area, approximately 50/50% limoPhilippines


Exploration target of 17 sq. km assessed 5070 Mt (dry)Philippines
According to Toledo (2005) the estimated JORC reservePhilippines
is
Philippines
58,783 t of nickel ore shipped to China in 2009 from th Philippines
According to Toledo (2005), pre-JORC resource is approPhilippines
Philippines
Drilling and test pitting of the Long Point area continue Philippines
Philippines
Historic resource of 37 Mt at 1.38% Ni (Singer and otherPhilippines
The resources estimates were based on total 2349 drill hPhilippines
PGMC announced in 2008 shipping 150 Kt of Ni lateritePhilippines
o
The present mining operations by FRASC (2009) attempt
Philippines
The project is spread across 11,799 hectares at 20075Philippines
155 hectares of 3,000 hectares of the deposit have bee Philippines
19771996 Ni saprolite ore direct shipping to Japan 33.4Philippines
M
Adlay (Adlay-Cagdianao-Tandawa or ACT) nickel project,Philippines

PLPN
PLPN
PLPN
PLPN
PLPN
PLPN
PLPN
PLPN
PLPN
PLPN
PLPN
PLPN
PLPN
PLPN
PLPN
PLPN
PLPN

37
3.4
2.9
7
12
3
n.d.
n.d.
8
n.d.
10
24
35
n.d.
30
15.7
80

14 blanket on gent
35
2.3 blanket on hil30
2.9 blanket on gent
1520
3.5 blanket on gen
n.d.
0 blanket on gen
n.d.
0 blanket on gen
12.2
0 blanket on gen
n.d.
0 blanket on gen
n.d.
3.8 blanket on gen
n.d.
0 blanket on gen
n.d.
0 blanket on hil20
0 blanket on gen
7
0 blanket on gen
n.d.
0 dissected bla n.d.
0 blanket on gen
n.d.
5 dissected bla 11
17 blanket on gen
5

3.4 n.d.
1.7 n.d.
1 n.d.
2.5 1912
0 n.d.
0 n.d.
0 n.d.
0 n.d.
2.7 n.d.
0 n.d.
0 n.d.
0 n.d.
0 1912
0 n.d.
0 n.d.
4 1967
6 1912

yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes

yes
Moorsom
yes

yes
yes
yes
yes

yes
yes

yes
yes

ferricrete, 4 m;
40
15.7241667
15
ferruginous
ore), 25 m;
overburden,laterite
14
35m;(limonite 9.28416667
9
ferruginous
laterite
(limonite
ore)
(0.931.36%
Ni,
0.120.16%
Co), 4.51
ferruginous laterite
20 (limonite ore)
9.39111111
(50%);
9
argillaceous
saprolite
(50%) 9.91805556
ferruginous laterite
n.d. (limonite
ore);
9
saprolitic
serpentinite
ferruginous laterite
20 (limonite 10.3516667
ore);
10
saprolite
ferruginous laterite
up to >55
(limonite ore);8.9675
8
argillaceous
saprolite
ferruginous laterite;
n.d.
14.0183333
14
saprolite
ferruginous laterite
n.d. (limonite 9.64833333
ore);
9
argillaceous
saprolite
ferruginous laterite
n.d. (limonite ore);
10.9911111
10
saprolite
n.d.
15.5686111
15
ferruginous laterite;
saprolite
20 (limonite 12.9422222
12
ferruginous laterite
zone), 410 m;
saprolite,
10
m
ferruginous laterite;
16
16.6730556
16
saprolite
lateritic overburden
n.d. (0.40.8%
9.84277778
Ni, 0.050.08% Co); 9
ferruginous
(0.91.4%
Ni,Ni);
0.090.13%
Co);
ferruginous laterite
laterite
18 (limonite
(limonite ore)
ore, 0.451.39%
6.7625
6
saprolite
(0.861.44%
Ni); 10.4377778
ferruginous
laterite
20 (limonite
ore);
10
saprolite
ferruginous laterite
516 (limonite ore),
8.56861111
15 m;
8
argillaceous
saprolite,
4.511.2
m;
ferruginous overburden,
11
6 m;
9.52888889
9
ferruginous laterite (limonite ore), 3 m.;

43
17
23
55
21
58
1
38
59
34
56
40
50
45
26
34
31

27
3
28
5
6
3
6
54
28
7
32
23
34
45
16
7
44

120.041389
125.522778
118.143333
125.664722
125.616111
117.975
123.3125
118.3825
125.639444
120.08
121.066111
122.3425
125.619444
126.148056
125.664722
117.423889
125.8275

120
125
118
125
125
117
123
118
125
120
121
122
125
126
125
117
125

2
31
8
39
36
58
18
22
38
4
3
20
37
8
39
25
49

29
22
36
53
58
30
45
57
22
48
58
33
10
53
53
26
39

Acoje/Zambales
Agata
Berong
Cagdianao
Casiguran
Ipilan
Lagonoy
Long Point
Manicani
Masinloc
Mindoro
New Frontier
Nonoc
Pujada
Rapid City
Rio Tuba
Taganito/Adlay

1
0

0.7

0.75
n.d.
1.55 0.9
1.51
n.d.
1.0
n.d.
n.d.
n.d.
n.d.
0.95 0.7
n.d.
n.d.
n.d.
n.d.
# n.d.
1.36 n.d.

0.75
n.d.
0.9
n.d.
n.d.
0.9
n.d.
n.d.
n.d.
n.d.
0.7
n.d.
n.d.
n.d.
n.d.
n.d.
n.d.

1.15
1.1
1.3
1.51
1.02
1.25
0.65
1.37
1.11
1.68
0.86
2.0
1.1
1.3
1.07
1.6
1.25

clay minerals, hematite, limonite, goethite,


clay minerals, garnierite, goethite, limonit
clay minerals, hematite, limonite, goethite
hematite, limonite, goethite, serpentine
garnierite, hematite, limonite, goethite, se
clay minerals, hematite, limonite, goethite
clay minerals, hematite, limonite, goethite
clay minerals, hematite, limonite, goethite
clay minerals, hematite, limonite, goethite
clay minerals, hematite, limonite, goethite,
clay minerals, limonite, goethite, serpenti
clay minerals, hematite, limonite, goethite,
clay minerals, limonite, goethite, serpenti
clay minerals, hematite, limonite, goethite
garnierite, hematite, limonite, goethite, se
hematite, limonite, garnierite, goethite, se
clay minerals, limonite, goethite, serpenti

1.15
1.1
1.3
1.02
1.36
0.65
1.37
1.11
1.68
0.86
2
1.1
1.3
1.07
1.6
1.25

chromitite, gabbro-norite
chromite, olivine, magnetite
chromitite (Cretaceous); basalt, clastic rocks, l chromite, olivine, magnetite
basalt, chert, sandstone, shale (Late TriassicJu chromite, olivine, magnetite
schist (pre-Cretaceous); chromitite, gabbro-diabachromite, olivine, magnetite
schist (pre-Cretaceous); chromitite, gabbro-diabachromite, olivine, magnetite
basalt, chert, sandstone, shale (Late TriassicJu chromite, olivine, magnetite
basalt, basalt breccia, chromitite, gabbro (Late J chromite, olivine, magnetite
basalt, chert, sandstone, shale (Late TriassicJu chromite, olivine, magnetite
schist (pre-Cretaceous); chromitite, gabbro-diabachromite, olivine, magnetite
chromitite, gabbro-norite
chromite, olivine, magnetite
amphibolite, basalt, (Oligocene)
chromite, olivine, magnetite
chromitite, gabbro
chromite, olivine, magnetite
amphibolite, conglomerate
chromite, magnetite
gabbro, metasedimentary rocks, metavolcanic ro chromite, magnesite, magnetite, opal, quartz
schist (pre-Cretaceous); chromitite, gabbro-diabachromite, olivine, magnetite
basalt, chert, limestone, sandstone, shale (Late chromite, olivine, magnetite
chromitite, gabbro
chromite, olivine, magnetite

Santa Cruz

Celestial

Coto
Sablayan
Isabela
Pujada Peninsula

4
14
n.d.
n.d.
n.d.
0.5
n.d.
n.d.
n.d.
n.d.
n.d.
n.d.
n.d.
n.d.
n.d.
n.d.
n.d.

European Nickel PLC (40%); Rusina Mining NL (40%)


Mindoro Resources Ltd. (75%)
Toledo Mining Corp.
Nickel Asia Corp.
Century Peak Corp.
Toledo Mining Corp. (52%)
n.d.
Toledo Mining Corp.
Nickel Asia Corp.
n.d.
INTEX Resources
Platinum Group Metals Corp.
Philnico Developments Ltd. (75%)
QNI/BHP Billiton; Amcor
yes
Century Peak Corp.
Rio Tuba Mining Nickel Corp.
yes
33.4
Taganito Mining Corporation (Nickel Asia Corp., 65%; Pacific Metal, 35%); QNI/BHP Billi

78
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
97
0
0
0
0
0
0

Encarnacin, J., 2004, Multiple ophiolite generation preserved in the northern Philippines and the growth of an island arc compl
Mindoro Resources Ltd., 2008, Expanded nickel laterite resource potential enhances foundation for value-added, local process
Atlas Consolidated Mining and Development Corp., 2010, Berong nickel project: 2 p., Projects/Operations, 2 p., http://www.atlas
Nickel Asia Corp., 2008, Mining Operations: Press Release, 7 p., http://www.nickelasia.com/.html (accessed 07/19/2010).
GMA News, 2010, Century Peak Corp. cites substantial nickel deposits in Dinagat: Business of 04/22/2010, 3 p., http://www.gm
Index Mundi, 2009, New laterite projects scheduled for completion before 2020, by year: Nickel, table, 3 p.,
http://www.indexmundi.com/en/commodities/minerals/nickel/nickel_t13.html
(accessed
09/08/2010).
Encarnacin, J., 2004, Multiple ophiolite generation preserved in the northern
Philippines
and the growth of an island arc compl
Singer, D.A., Mosier, D.L., and Menzie, W.D., 1993, Digital grade and tonnage data for 50 types of mineral deposits-Macintosh
Nickel Asia Corp., 2008, Mining Operations, 7 p., http://www.nickelasia.com/.html (accessed 07/19/2010).
Hawkins, J.W., and Evans, C.A., 1983, Geology of the Zambales range, Luzon, Philippine Islands: Ophiolite derived from an isl
Encarnacin, J., 2004, Multiple ophiolite generation preserved in the northern Philippines and the growth of an island arc compl
Carranza, E.J.M., Mangaoang, J.C., and Hale, M., 1999, Application of mineral exploration models and CIS to
generate
mineral
potential
mapsRecovery
as input for
land-use
planning incontained
the Philippines:
Natural
Research,
v. 8. n
Ema, S., and
Harada,
T., 1987,
andoptimum
utilization
of iron resources
in laterite
nickelResources
leached residue:
Internatio
Executive Alerts, 2009, BHP Billiton exits from $2-billion Philippine nickel project: Reports on Mining, 2 p., http://www.domain-b.
Century Peak Corp., 2010, Dinagat property No. 2: Press Release, 2 p., http://www.centurypeakmetals.com/Mod/dinagatproject
Hirai, H., Katamura, K., Mamaclay, F.P., and Fujimura T., 1987, Development and mine operation at Rio Tuba nickel mine: Inter
Exploration Project, 2005, Nickel projects in the pipeline: Ni List, 1 p.,
http://www.jogmec.go.jp/mric_web/koenkai/050720/NiList050720.doc (accessed 07/26/2010).

rthern Philippines and the growth of an island arc complex: Tectonophysics, v. 392, p. 103130.
tial enhances foundation for value-added, local processing: Press Release, 3 p., http://www.mindoro.com/s/PressReleases.asp?ReportID=2
JORC
NI 43-101
in Dinagat: Business of 04/22/2010, 3 p., http://www.gmanews.tv/story/189107/century-peak-corp-cites-substantial-nickel-deposits-in-dinag
re 2020, by year: Nickel, table, 3 p.,
html
(accessed
09/08/2010).
rthern
Philippines
and the growth of an island arc complex: Tectonophysics, v. 392, p. 103130.
nnage data for 50 types of mineral deposits-Macintosh version: U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 93-280, 1 disk, 52 files.
com/.html (accessed 07/19/2010).
Luzon, Philippine Islands: Ophiolite derived from an island arcback arc basin pair, in Hayes, D.E., ed., The tectonic and geologic evolution
NI43-101, proven+probable
mineral exploration models and CIS to
g
the Philippines:
Natural
Research,
v. 8. no. 2,Journal
p. 165173.
esincontained
in laterite
nickelResources
leached residue:
International
of Mineral Processing, v. 19, no. 1-4, p. 127143.
el project: Reports on Mining, 2 p., http://www.domain-b.com/companies/companies_b/bhp_billiton/20091222_bhp_billiton.html (accessed 0
http://www.centurypeakmetals.com/Mod/dinagatproject2.html (accessed 07/19/2010).
pment and mine operation at Rio Tuba nickel mine: International Journal of Mineral Processing, v. 19, p. 99114.
NI 43-101 (TMC)

103130.
www.mindoro.com/s/PressReleases.asp?ReportID=288078&_Title= Expanded-Nickel-Laterite-Resource (accessed 07/12/2070).

y-peak-corp-cites-substantial-nickel-deposits-in-dinagat (accessed 07/12/2010).

103130.
ey Open-File Report 93-280, 1 disk, 52 files.

Hayes, D.E., ed., The tectonic and geologic evolution of southeast Asian seas and islands, part 2: Geophysical Monograph 27, American G

ing, v. 19, no. 1-4, p. 127143.


bhp_billiton/20091222_bhp_billiton.html (accessed 07/26/2010).

cessing, v. 19, p. 99114.

pre-JORC
NI 43-101
pre-JORC, indicated
n.d.
JORC, measured (mostly)+indicated+inferred
historic
historic
n.d.
n.d.
N143-101,measured+ indicated+inferred
historic
historic
n.d.
n.d.
historic
NI 43-101 (TMC)

72.3
30.7
275
9.9
30.59
35
87
34.3
24
315
8.6
144.7
200
9.07
44
118.6

Rusina Mining (2008), European Nickel (2010)


(Mindoro, 2010a)
Toledo (2005); Atlas (2010)
Nickel Asia (2008); Pelican Resources (2010)
GMA (2010); Money (2010)
Toledo (2005), Metals Place (2008)
Singer and others (1993)
Singer and others (1993)
Nickel Asia Corp. (2008)
Mining Journal (2009)
INTEX Resources (2009)
Singer and others (1993)
Implats (2000)
Exploration Project (2005)
GMA (2010); Money (2010)
Singer and others (1993)
Nickel Asia (2008); Pelican Resources (2010); QNI/BHP Billiton (2005); Min

dunite, peridotite, serpentinite (Middle Eocene)


serpentinized dunite, harzburgite (Cretaceous)
serpentinite, serpentinized dunite, peridotite, pyroxenite
dunite, harzburgite (Lower Cretaceous)
dunite, harzburgite (Lower Cretaceous)
serpentinite, serpentinized dunite, peridotite, pyroxenite
dunite, peridotite, serpentinite
serpentinite, serpentinized dunite, peridotite, pyroxenite
dunite, harzburgite (Lower Cretaceous)
dunite, peridotite, serpentinite
serpentinite, serpentinized peridotite
dunite, peridotite, serpentinite (Cretaceous?)
serpentinite, serpentinized dunite, peridotite (Cretaceous)
peridotite, serpentinized peridotite
dunite, harzburgite (Lower Cretaceous)
serpentinite, serpentinized dunite (0.20.3% Ni), peridotite, pyroxenite
serpentinite, serpentinized dunite, peridotite (Cretaceous)

2014
after 2012
2007
1999
2009?
2018
n.d.
n.d.
1991
n.d.
2014
n.d.
1975 (until 1982)
1969 intermit-tently; restart 2011
n.d.
1975
1989; renewal 2013

Luzon Island
Surigao del Norte, NE Mindanao Island
Palawan Island
Dinagat Island
Dinagat Island
Palawan Island
Luzon Island
Palawan Island
Guiuan, Manicani Island
Luzon Island
Mindoro Island
Isabela, Luzon Island
Surigao del Norte
SE Mindanao
Dinagat Island
Palawan Island
Surigao del Norte, NE Mindanao Island

exploration, feasibility study


exploration, feasibility study
mining operations
mining operations
exploration, local mining operations
exploration, pre-feasibility study
idle
exploration
mining operations halted in 2001
idle
exploration, feasibility study
mining operations
past production; present mining operations by F
intermittent mining operations
exploration
mining operations
past production; feasibility updating

(III) oxide, clay silicate


(II) Mg silicate, oxide
(I) clay silicate, oxide
(III) oxide
(III) oxide, Mg silicate
(III) oxide, Mg silicate
(III) oxide, Mg silicate
(III) oxide, Mg silicate
(III) oxide, Mg silicate
(III) oxide, Mg silicate
(III) oxide, Mg silicate
(III) oxide, Mg silicate
(III) oxide, Mg silicate
(III) oxide, Mg silicate
(III) oxide, Mg silicate
(II) Mg silicate, oxide
(III) oxide, Mg silicate

Eocene Zambales ophiolite complex produced by early Tertiary island arc and back arc
Cretaceous eastern Philippines ophiolite belt
Late CretaceousOligocene marginal ophiolite belt of Palawan microcontinental block
Cretaceous eastern Philippines ophiolite belt
Cretaceous eastern Philippines ophiolite belt
Late CretaceousOligocene marginal ophiolite belt of Palawan microcontinental block
Jurassic ophiolite of eastern Luzon island, related to suprasubduction zone
Late CretaceousOligocene marginal ophiolite belt of Palawan microcontinental block
Cretaceous eastern Philippines ophiolite belt
Eocene Zambales ophiolite complex produced by early Tertiary island arc and back arc
Oligocene Amnay ophiolite complex within collision zone between North Palawan contine
Cretaceous eastern Philippines ophiolite belt
Cretaceous eastern Philippines ophiolite belt
Cretaceous eastern Philippines ophiolite belt
Cretaceous eastern Philippines ophiolite belt
Late CretaceousOligocene marginal ophiolite belt of Palawan microcontinental block
Cretaceous eastern Philippines ophiolite belt

72.3 Miocenepresent
30.7 post-Oligocene
275 Miocenepresent
8.04 Pliocenepresent
9.9 Pliocenepresent
77 Miocenepresent
35 Miocenepresent
87 Miocenepresent
34.3 Miocenepresent
24 Miocenepresent
315 Late Tertiarypresent
8.6 Miocenepresent
144.7 Pliocenepresent
200 Tertiarypresent
9.07 Pliocenepresent
44 Miocenepresent
118.6 Pliocenepresent