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LDR 300 Final

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Considering a cultural approach to leadership, leadership should be conceptualized


An ability or skill
A dynamic social process
A set of behaviors
A relationship between a leader and a follower
Which type of leadership is most similar to transformational leadership?

Your boss listens to employees personal problems and tries to create a positive work

environment by being agreeable, eager to help, comforting, and uncontroversial. This is an

example of:
Middle-of-the-road management

Team management
Country-club management
Authority-compliance management


Contingency theory is concerned with ______ and _______.

Traits; situations
Leaders; followers
Leadership; situations
Styles; situations
Leadership focuses on the ________.
Importance of lateral and upward influence patterns
elimination of dependency in relationships
ways to increase a leader's following
downward influence of a leader on his or her followers
Which of the following leadership theories expects the leader to continually be concerned
about subordinate motivation?
Contingency theory
Situational leadership theory
Leader-member exchange theory
Path-goal theory
Argued that the major activities of management and leadership are played out differently;
but both are essential to an organization:
According to research, one way women can advance in leadership is
By acting masculine and assertive, and not in feminine ways.
By blending individualized consideration with inspirational motivation.
By strongly resisting stereotype threats.
By leading in a more democratic manner than men.
In the skills model, which of these is a general cognitive ability?
Problem-solving skills
Information processing


Although there are clear differences between management and leadership,
Management is more valued than leadership.
There is little research to support one or the other.
Leadership is more valued than management.
The two constructs overlap.
Mary has managed the mailroom for 2 years. Management views Mary as a person with
special leadership talent, such as intelligence, sociability, and determination. What
approach is management using in assessing Mary?
Trait approach
Managerial grid approach
Attribution approach
Styles approach
The team leadership model puts who or what in the driver's seat of team effectiveness?
Satisfying needs
The following traits are associated with charismatic leadership:
Intelligence, self-confidence
Physical attractiveness, height
Desire for power, desire to help others
Self-monitoring, impression management

Critical factors for developing a cultural based leadership development program may

Focuses on the organization as a whole rather than the individual, demographic

information, and formal data gathering.

Focuses on all levels of an organization from the individual to the wider organization,

gathers ethnographic data, and looks at many aspects of cultures.

There are no critical factors. Leaders should be sent to various countries and allowed to

learn that way.

Starts the evaluation at the assessment phase, gathers formal data, and focuses on the
language of the participants.

In which way are leadership and power often

From the perspective of the follower
As positional power
As a relational concern for both leaders and followers.

As a form of coercion
Subordinates who have strong needs for affiliation prefer which type of leadership
Achievement oriented
Questionnaires on situational leadership often ask for respondents to look at specific
applications of leadership styles within situations, which may result in:
Wide range of responses that are hard to validate
Results that are not in favor of situational leadership
Negative perceptions toward the organizations
Biased results in favor of situational leadership
How does servant leadership differ from path-goal theory?
Is unconcerned with the way leaders should treat followers.
Makes the need for task completion necessary before relationships can thrive.
Focuses on the need for leaders to perfect themselves before helping others.
Focuses on the behaviors leaders should exhibit to put followers first.
Of the Big Five personality factors, which is the most strongly associated with leadership?
Emotional intelligence
Social status
Which best describes the reason situational leadership is so practical for managers to use?
Its specific nature
Its straightforward nature
Assist in relating demographics to leadership
It is only applicable to lower-level managers
Of the bases of power, research indicates that ________ power is most effective.



The leader is at the core of group change and activity, representing the backbone of the
group or organization. Leadership is viewed as:
Leadership as an act
Personality perspective
Leadership as a behavior
Focus of group processes
Critical life events affect authentic leadership because
They reinforce patterned behaviors.
They influence a multitude of people.
They are a common occurrence.
They act as a catalyst for change.
What type of power did Bill Gates have when he and Paul Allen started Microsoft?
If your superior tells you that she will offer you a raise provided you perform additional
work beyond the requirements of your job, he/she is exercising ________ power.
The Ohio State studies considered the behaviors of consideration and initiating structure
Cause and effect
High value and low value
Distinct and independent

During a speech given by your department director, he

repeatedly emphasizes the importance of reaching goals set by the organization. He then
goes on to lay out the framework to accomplish the goals. According to contingency

theory, which best describes your director?

High LPC score
Relationship motivated

Task motivated
Position power
Liz is a team leader at a local grocery store. Recently, her boss said that she needs to
address the negative attitudes of employees. To try and fix this problem, she has begun
awarding gift-cards to employees who have great attitudes. What internal leadership

intervention is Liz addressing?

Satisfying needs
Managing conflict
Facilitating decisions
Goal focusing
Your parents and older siblings are all successful elected officials. After graduation, it is
suggested by many that you should seek office and, in turn, offer you their support. Which
best describes the leadership approach being demonstrated?
Style approach to leadership
Leadership as a process
Trait perspective
Expert power
To create change, transformational leaders ______________.
Value out-group member's opinions.
Focus on the task at hand.
Leave followers to work on their own.
Become strong role models for their followers.

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