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CLOSED JOINT-STOCK COMPANY CRYOGAS

Certificate of permit for certain type or types of works, which influence the safety of capital
construction objects No. 0080.04-2014-7805298382--159 dated 07.04.2014

Liquified Natural Gas Production and Reloading Terminal in the Port


of Vysotsk, Leningrad Oblast, Capacity LNG 660 th. tonnes per year,
including Gas Pipeline Branch from Major Pipeline LeningradVyborg-State Border
DESIGN DOCUMENTATION
ASSESSMENT OF IMPACT ON ENVIRONMENT
-80.0-5.4/0.0115-06-

St. Petersburg
2014

CLOSED JOINT-STOCK COMPANY CRYOGAS


Certificate of permit for certain type or types of works, which influence the safety of capital
construction objects No. 0080.04-2014-7805298382--159 dated 07.04.2014

Liquified Natural Gas Production and Reloading Terminal in the Port


of Vysotsk, Leningrad Oblast, Capacity LNG 660 th. tonnes per year,
including Gas Pipeline Branch from Major Pipeline LeningradVyborg-State Border
DESIGN DOCUMENTATION
ASSESSMENT OF IMPACT ON ENVIRONMENT
-80.0-5.4/0.0115-06-

.. Mashkantsev
S.Yu. Dobrovolsky

Technical Director
Chief Project Engineer

St. Petersburg
2014

Noncommercial partnership Designers of the North-West


Certificate 01-08-13-102--016 dated 01.08.2013

Liquified Natural Gas Production and Reloading Terminal in the Port


of Vysotsk, Leningrad Oblast, Capacity LNG 660 th. tonnes per year,
including Gas Pipeline Branch from Major Pipeline LeningradVyborg-State Border
DESIGN DOCUMENTATION
ASSESSMENT OF IMPACT ON ENVIRONMENT
-80.0-5.4/0.0115-06-

2014

Noncommercial partnership Designers of the North-West


Certificate 01-08-13-102--016 dated 01.08.2013

Liquified Natural Gas Production and Reloading Terminal in the Port


of Vysotsk, Leningrad Oblast, Capacity LNG 660 th. tonnes per year,
including Gas Pipeline Branch from Major Pipeline LeningradVyborg-State Border
DESIGN DOCUMENTATION
ASSESSMENT OF IMPACT ON ENVIRONMENT
-80.0-5.4/0.0115-06-

General Director
OOO PI Petrohim-Technologia

Korablin O.V.

2014

DEVELOPED BY
Position
Manager of Environmental
Protection Department
Environment Engineer

Signature

Date
05.11.2014

Name
O.N.Vasheva

05.11.2014

T.O. Manyakhina

AGREED UPON WITH


Signature

Date
05.11.2014

Name
O.N.Vasheva

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Position
Compliance assessment

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CONTENT
1.1 GENERAL PROVISIONS ..............................................................................................................9
1.1 PURPOSE OF EIA. ....................................................................................................................................9
1.2 FACILITY LOCATION .............................................................................................................................10
1.3. GENERAL INFORMATION REGARDING PROJECTED ACTIVITIES ..............................................................12
1.3.1 GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF THE FACILITY ..........................................................................................12
1.3.2 TECHNOLOGICAL SOLUTIONS ............................................................................................................16
1.3.3 FEED RAW AND PRODUCIBLE PRODUCT .............................................................................................22
1.3.4 BERTHING, OFFSHORE AND HYDROTECHNICAL CONSTRUCTIONS ......................................................22
1.3.5 CHARACTERISTICS OF VESSELS .........................................................................................................23
1.3.6 WATER AREA OF THE PORT, APPROACH WATER-WAYS AND SAFETY OF NAVIGATION ....................23
1.3.7 MANPOWER AND WORKING HOURS ..................................................................................................24
1.3.8 CHARACTERISTICS OF THE PRODUCT ................................................................................................25
1.3.9 ENGINEERING SUPPORT OF THE FACILITY .........................................................................................25
2. EVALUATION OF CURRENT ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS IN THE OBJECT
LOCATION AREA
26
2.1 NATURAL CLIMATIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SUBJECT AREA .......................................................32
2.2 AMBIENT CONCENTRATION ..............................................................................................................34
2.3 GEOLOGIC FRAMEWORK OF THE AREA .............................................................................................34
2.4 HYDROLOGY .....................................................................................................................................35
2.5 FISHERY CHARACTERISTICS OF THE AREA .........................................................................................38
2.5.1 Fish fauna and economic importance ..............................................................................38
2.5.2 Characteristics of fish food reserve .................................................................................41
2.6 SOCIO-ECONOMIC SITUATION ............................................................................................................44
2.7 SPECIALLY PROTECTED AREAS (SPA) ...............................................................................................45
2.8 PLANT LIFE CHARATERISTIC .............................................................................................................48
2.9 WILD ANIMALS CHARACTERISTIC ....................................................................................................49
Amphibia and Reptiles ...................................................................................................................49
Avifauna .........................................................................................................................................49
2.10 CULTURAL HERITAGE RESOURCES ...................................................................................................51
2.11 MINERAL RESOURCES .......................................................................................................................51
3.
THE FACILITY'S IMPACTS ON THE ENVIRONMENT.......................................................52
3.1 THE FACILITY'S IMPACT ON THE ATMOSPHERE ................................................................................52
3.1.1 THE FACILITY'S IMPACT ON THE ATMOSPHERE DURING THE CONSTRUCTION PERIOD .......................52
3.1.1.1 RESULTS OF CALCULATIONS OF POLLUTANT GROUND LEVEL CONCENTRATIONS DURING
THE CONSTRUCTION ....................................................................................................................................55
3.1.1.2 ENVIRONMENTAL MEASURES ..........................................................................................................57
3.1.2 FACILITY'S IMPACT ON THE ATMOSPHERE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF ATMOSPHERIC
EMISSION SOURCES DURING OPERATION ...................................................................................................57
3.1.2.1 CHARACTERISTICS OF ATMOSPHERIC EMISSION SOURCES DURING OPERATION ...............................57
3.1.2.2 RESULTS OF CALCULATIONS OF POLLUTANT GROUND LEVEL CONCENTRATIONS DURING
OPERATION .................................................................................................................................................60
3.1.2.3 ATMOSPHERIC POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES.............................................................................60
3.1.2.4 CONCLUSIONS .................................................................................................................................61
3.2 IMPACT ON THE GEOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT.......................................................................................61
3.2.1 MEASURES FOR PROTECTION OF SUBSURFACE RESOURCES AND THE GEOLOGICAL
ENVIRONMENT ...........................................................................................................................................63
3.3 IMPACT ON THE LAND RESOURCES .......................................................................................................64
3.3.1 LAND ALLOCATION ...........................................................................................................................64
3.3.2 IMPACT ON THE SOIL MANTLE AND LAND USAGE ............................................................................64
3.3.3 MEASURES FOR PROTECTION AND SUBSTANTIAL USE OF LAND RESOURCES AND SOIL
MANTLE .....................................................................................................................................................66

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3.4 IMPACT ON THE AQUATIC ENVIRONMENT ..............................................................................67


3.4.1 FACILITY WATER SUPPLY AND DISPOSAL SYSTEMS DURING CONSTRUCTION ..................................67
3.4.2 FACILITY WATER SUPPLY AND DISPOSAL SYSTEMS DURING OPERATION ........................................67
3.4.3 FACILITY'S IMPACT ON THE AQUATIC ENVIRONMENT .......................................................................70
3.4.4 WATER PROTECTIVE AREAS AND COASTAL BUFFER ZONES ................................................................72
3.4.5 MEASURES FOR PROTECTION OF SURFACE AND SUBTERRANEAN WATERS FOR OPERATION
PERIOD ........................................................................................................................................................73
3.4.6 MEASURES FOR PROTECTION OF SURFACE AND SUBTERRANEAN WATERS FOR CONSTRUCTION
PERIOD ........................................................................................................................................................73
3.4.7 FINDINGS ...........................................................................................................................................74
3.5 IMPACT ON PLANT AND ANIMAL LIFE ......................................................................................74
3.5.1 IMPACT ON SOIL MANTLE ...................................................................................................................74
3.5.2 IMPACT ON VEGETATIONAL COVER ....................................................................................................76
3.5.3 MEASURES FOR REDUCING LEVEL OF IMPACT ON SOIL MANTLE AND VEGETATIONAL COVER .............76
3.5.4 MEASURES FOR PROTECTING OBJECTS OF THE VEGETABLE WORLD ENTERED INTO RED
BOOKS OF VARIOUS LEVELS AND LIVING ENVIRONMENT THEREOF .............................................................77
3.5.5 IMPACT ON ANIMAL LIFE ....................................................................................................................77
3.5.6 MEASURES FOR PROTECTING OBJECTS OF ANIMAL LIFE AND HABITAT THEREOF, INCLUDING
MEASURES FOR PROTECTING AQUATIC BIOLOGICAL RESOURCES .................................................................78
3.6 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT DURING WASTES HANDLING .........................................................................79
3.6.1 GENERAL PROVISIONS .......................................................................................................................79
3.6.2 WASTES INDEX AND CHARACTERISTICS ............................................................................................79
3.6.2.1 CONSTRUCTION PERIOD ..................................................................................................................79
3.6.2.2 PERIOD OF OPERATION ....................................................................................................................81
3.6.3 ACTIVITIES PROVIDING MITIGATION OF NEGATIVE WASTES IMPACT ON THE ENVIRONMENT .............85
3.7 PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS IMPACT ....................................................................................88
3.7.1 ACOUSTIC IMPACT AT CONSTRUCTION PHASE ...................................................................................88
3.7.2 ACOUSTIC IMPACT AT OPERATION PHASE ..........................................................................................89
3.8 DATA REGARDING SANITARY PROTECTION ZONE ..................................................................................90
4. MITIGATION OF PROBABLE EMERGENCY SITUATIONS AND IMPACTS .......................91
5 PROGRAM OF PRODUCTION ECOLOGY MONITORING (PEM) FOR
ECOSYSTEM COMPONENTS TRANSFORMATION TAKING PLACE DURING
CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE OBJECT ................................................................98
5.1 TASKS OF THE MONITORING ..................................................................................................................98
5.2 MONITORING OF ATMOSPHERIC AIR ......................................................................................................99
5.3 MONITORING OF SURFACE WATERS .....................................................................................................101
5.4 BOTTOM DEPOSITS ..............................................................................................................................101
5.5 MONITORING OF SUBSURFACE WATERS ..............................................................................................102
5.6 MONITORING OF SOILS, VEGETATION AND WILDLIFE...........................................................................103
5.7 MONITORING OF LANDSCAPE AND EXOGENIC GEOLOGICAL PROCESSES ..............................................105
5.8 ONITORING OF NOISE IMPACT...........................................................................................................106
6 CONSLUSION ....................................................................................................................................108
LIST OF GENERAL LEGISLATIVE, REGULATORY AND GUIDANCE
DOCUMENTS AND INFORMATION SOURCES............................................................................109
APPENDICES ........................................................................................................................................114
APPENDIX 1. CERTIFICATE OF PERMIT FOR CERTAIN TYPE OR TYPES OF WORKS........................................114
APPENDIX . REQUIREMENTS SPECIFICATION FOR DESIGN .......................................................................118
APPENDIX . COPY OF LETTER FROM SI SAINT-PETERSBURG HMEC-R ON CLIMATIC
CHARACTERISTICS ....................................................................................................................................125

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GENERAL PROVISIONS
According to Guidance Assessment of anticipated environmental impact inflicted by economic
and other activities in RF approved by Order No. 372 dated 16.05.2000 it is required to develop a
document entitled Environment impact assessment (EIA).
Basis for this is Contract No. 6-035-14- dated 11.10.2014 between CJSC Cryogaz and PI
Petrokhim-technology LLC.
PI Petrokhim-technology LLC activities are fulfilled in compliance with design works permit
Certificate ( 01 -08-13-102--016 dated 01.08.2013 (Appendix )) enabling the company
to carry out works which may impact safety of capital construction objects.

1.1 Purpose of EIA.

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Environment impact assessment is aimed at prevention or mitigation of environment impact and


any social and economic consequences arising thereof.
Main EIA targets are:
definition of reference characteristics and parameters of environment components which
may be affected in the course of economic activities;
forecasting and assessment of basic factors and types of environment impacts due to
scheduled activities fulfillment;
classification of ecological consequences and social and ecologic changes associated with
them;
giving considerations to ecological consequences in economic solutions under
development.

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1.2 Facility Location

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Projected construction site of the Terminal is situated in Vyborg District of the Leningral
Region and occupies a territory of the Ryuevyalinniemi Peninsula and adjacent waters of Bolshaya
Pihtovaya Bay.
Bolshaya Pihtovaya Bay creates a natural cover for vessel mooring. The global direction of
Bolshaya Pihtovaya Bay is SE-NW.
The Terminal construction is planned to be directly at a passage into Vyisotsk port at 800 m to
the north from Terminal RPK-Vyisotsk LUKOYL-II.
In the east there is the automobile road from highroad Saint Petersburg - Primorsk - Vyborg to
Vyisotsk and rail track, which approaches close to Terminal RPK-Vyisotsk LUKOYL-II. The
nearest railway station Popovo is located about 8 km to the east from the site.
Vyisotsk is located in the distance of 1930 m from the single apartment block being the nearest
populated locality and 2470 m from the settlement of Pihtovoe.
The Terminal location considering sanitary protection zones of neighboring enterprises in the
territory of municipal formation Vyisotskoe town is presented in Figure 1.1.
Fairway No. 6 running to Vyisotsk port passes halfway in the distance of 700 m from the beach.
The coast in the assumed construction locality is wooded, trees and bushes approach to the
water line. The beach is restricted within 5-15 m. Ground coats of the beach are composed of sands,
gravels, pebbles, stones, and boulders.
The site territory of future construction is grass-covered. A rugged topography falling to the
aquatory is changed here and there as a result of construction works. Elevations are changed from
0.0 m to 11.0 m with decreasing to the aquatory.
The aquatory bottom represents seawater terraced plain, boulders are also observed on its
surface. Surface ground coats of the bottom in the coastal area are presented with sands, gravels,
pebbles and stones, the sludge appears at a depth of more than 7-9 metres.
The projected hydrotechnical constructions are assumed to be placed in the shore, where 6meters isobath passes at 30-50 m and 10-meters isobath at 100-130 from the shore.
A land plot of approximate square 50 ha is necessary for the terminal construction taking into
account advanced enlarging. The chosen land plot at the Ryuevyalinniemi Peninsula at Vyisotsk port
allows placing the whole Terminal with required infrastructure.

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Figure 1.1 - Sketch map of the site location

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1.3. General information regarding projected activities


The Project will be implemented in four phases:
Phase I. Over-sized cargo and materials acceptance jetty with temporary access road and
temporary equipment and materials storage area;
Phase II. Gas pipeline branch from main gas pipeline Leningrad-Vyborg-State border to
natural gas liquefying plant in Vyborg Region of Leningrad Oblast port of Vysotsk;
Phase III. LNG production and transshipment Terminal in port of Vysotsk, Leningrad Oblast.
Annual production capacity 660 thousand of LNG tones;
Phase IV. Terminal gas reducing station designed to supply gas to outside consumers in the
town of Vysotsk.
1.3.1 General description of the facility

The Terminal provides aggregate capacity of 660 th. tonns/year of LNG.


The Terminal should work not less than 330 days per year.
The first extension commissioning of the Terminal is planned in the IV-th quarter of 2017.
The specialized terminal structurally includes:
LNG Facility of 660 th. tonns/year capacity of LNG including two production lines by
330 th. tonns/year of LNG;
storage reservoir of LNG with volume capacity of 42,000 m3;
gas withdrawal line from gas main pipeline Leningrad-Vyborg-National boundary;
berthing facilities consisting of berth for LNG loading to tankers-gas carriers and harbor
vessels berth.
Technical Design Assignment for design works is presented in Appendix .
A block scheme of the Terminal is presented in a graphic form in Figure 1.2.

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The Terminal structurally includes:


Liquefied Natural Gas Facility (hereafter LNG Facility) with LNG capacity of 660 th.
tonns/year including two production lines by 330 th. tonns/year;
storage reservoir with volume capacity of 42,000 m3;
gas withdrawal line from gas main pipeline Leningrad-Vyborg-National boundary
extending to about 41 km;
berthing facilities consisting of berth of LNG loading to tankers-gas carriers and harbor
vessels berth.
Tankers-gas carriers with delivery design volume up to 20,000 m3 are provided for marine
freight of LNG.
LNG is planed to deliver to regasification terminals by vessels-gas carriers in the Gulf of
Bothnia placed in particular in Pansio and Tornio (Finland).
Raw for production LNG is natural gas transporting to LNG Facility from Unified Gas Supply
System of Russia.

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Figure 1.2 - Block scheme of the Terminal

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The site of LNG Facility is divided into the following zones:


production zone;
LNG storage reservoir zone;
LNG loading zone;
support zone;
treating facilities zone;
flares area;
administrative zone;
the trace of gas withdrawal line.
Production zone
The production zone includes main processing systems and Facilitys units for natural-gas
liquefaction.
To reduce LNG Facility construction terms and commissioning the main processing systems
and plants shall be fabricated as modular structure on skids in workshop conditions with delivering to
the construction site by sea transport. To load heavy skids the special berth will be constructed which
is used for mooring of harbor vessels after LNG Facility commissioning.
The production zone is planned to be of maximum compact taking into account normative
distances and interruptions.
The following units are located in the production zone:
gas suction and measurement unit;
acid gas removal unit (2 and H2S);
feed gas drying unit;
mercury removal unit;
gas liquefaction unit;
fractionating unit;
condensate stabilization unit;
electric power production unit.
LNG storage reservoir zone
LNG storage reservoir with operating volume capacity of 26,000 m3 and condensate storage
reservoir with volume capacity of 2,000 m3 is located in this zone. Storage facilities for liquid
refrigerant are placed in the zone of storage reservoir for LNG and condensate as well.
LNG loading zone
The LNG loading zone consists of berthing zone and loading road tanks area.
In the berthing zone there are a berth for mooring and LNG loading on tankers-gas carriers,
berthing and navigation constructions and processing system of LNG loading to tanker-gas carrier.
The loading berth is located at a minimum distance from reservoir zone so that the cryogenic piping
length is reduced with simplifying operating procedure of its cooldown and decreasing heat
penetration to loading LNG.
Loading road tanks area involves the fuel-filling column with required processing equipment
and earth connection unit of road tank, the transport foundationless weight for commercial account,
and the safety systems.
Support zone
The following facilities are located in this zone:
chemical store;

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heat transfer fluid and motor fuel storage area;


treating facilities;
air compressor and nitrogen station;
fuel gas system;
boil off gas compressor station;
transformer station;
water processing unit.
The support zone is located beyond the processing zone and the LNG and condensate storage

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area.
Treating facilities zone
The treating facilities of LNG Facility are isolated into a separated zone to provide the required
distance to beach of the Gulf of Finland with according to norms for protected strip of land.
Flares area
The flaring system of LNG Facility is located in the special area at the safety distance from
processing units and administrative zone. There are operating and standby flares in the area. The acid
gas incineration unit is adjacent to the flare area.
Administrative zone
The administrative zone involves buildings of administrative center, fire station, medical
station, storage areas, machine workshop, emergency stock diesel power station and etc. There are
offices, laboratories, and operating procedure control center in the administrative building.
Gas withdrawal line from gas main pipeline Leningrad-Vyborg-National boundary
Natural gas will be transported to specialized terminal by pipeline transportation with gas
withdrawal line (GWL) from gas main pipeline Leningrad-Vyborg-National boundary. The tie-in
point into gas main pipeline and design specifications are defined in the specifications approved by
OJSC Gasprom, which are presented in Appendix 2 and Appendix 3.
GWL consists of:
gas main pipeline (530 mm diameter, 5.4 MPa working pressure, 41,277 m laid length)
from tie-in point into available gas main pipeline Leningrad-Vyborg-National boundary 1 and 2"
to the projected LNG Facility in the area of the Ryuevyalinniemi Peninsula at Vyisotsk port;
startup chamber of treating facilities (SCTF) - 6090m;
loopings across water bodies of the Gulf of Finland 3 off;
receiver of treating facilities (RTF) - 6090m;
cathodic protection station (CPS) 3 off;
cathodic protection cables (CP) with anodic earth conductors (3 off);
areas of block valves (BV) (6x6m)
power supply lines VL - 6 kV for the projected BV, SCPC (2 off, - 4500 m, 505 m);
tote roads to projected BV, SCTF, RTF (6 off, 150 m, 1600 m, 3000 m, 550 m, 150 m,
600 m).
Pre-project documentation requires the complex protection from soil corrosion of the projected
GWL to LNG Facility. In accordance with conducted calculations, installation of three cathodic
protection stations are required on the whole length of GWL.
The following facilities shall be provided in SCTF, RTF and BV areas:
electric supply with commercial account of electric energy;
telemechanics;
lightning protection;

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protective earth;
fire and security alarm;
system of engineered safety equipment (ESE) with access check;
technologic approach and turning of vehicles on required tote roads;
landscaping.
1.3.2 Technological solutions

A block scheme of Facility for liquefied natural gas production (LNG Facility) is presented in
Figure 1.3.

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LNG Facility consists of the following components:


processing lines for LNG preparation and recovery;
support facilities;
office and social buildings.
The equipment is required to be arranged as individual modules at most at the workshop
conditions. Delivery of large-sized and heavy equipment will be carried out by sea transport.
The following main technologic units are parts of LNG Facility for liquefied natural gas
production:
gas suction and measurement unit;
mercury removal unit;
acid gas removal unit;
feed gas drying unit;
gas liquefaction unit including mixed refrigerant compressor;
LNG storage park.
To provide the normal operation of main technological units the following support units are
included as parts of the Facility:
storage system of liquid ethane and butane;
fuel gas preparation system;
heat transfer fluid system (hot oil system);
instrument air system;
nitrogen system;
flaring system;
LNG filling unit for sea and automobile transport;
system of gas bleed-off compression;
refrigerant feeding system.

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Figure 1.3 - Block scheme of the Terminal

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Each several processing line of capacity of 330 thousand tonns of LNG annually consists of the
following elements:
Gas suction and measurement unit
Gas suction and measurement unit is intended for:
pressure control of feed gas directed to the processing units and protection from excess of
safe working pressure;
gas separation to separate fluids and mechanical impurities;
flow measurement of feed gas directed to the processing units.
Gas receiver and measurement unit consists of parallel measuring lines, each several includes
feed gas separator, flow measurement and pressure control lines.
Mercury removal unit
Element mercury in the certain conditions can produce the prompt corrosion or increase the
frangibility of aluminium equipment such as coil wound exchangers.
In addition, mercury creates compounds with exchanger material, which essentially weaken the
exchanger work. The mercury component is required to be disengaged from gas flow up to 10 nanog/m3. Mercury is removed from feel gas in a single motionless mercury adsorbent vessel. The
adsorbent vessel is filled with absorbent carbon layer.
Acid gas removal unit
This unit is designed for acid gas to be removed from natural gas. Acid gas mainly consists of
2, H2S traces and sulfur-containing additions.
To decrease the probability of pipes freezing and blocking in the liquefaction unit it is
necessary to remove 2 from natural gas. H2S and sulfur-containing additions result in active
corrosion of LNG Facility equipment.
Acid gas removal technology is based on BASF patent-protected technology of amine
treatment, which uses patented (activated methyl diethanolamine) as absorbent.
When having removed solid and liquid particles in the inlet separator and mercury impurities,
feed gas enters the amine treatment unit where it contacts with absorbent in contraflow. Saturated
methyl diethanolamine (absorbent) is regenerated in the separate recovery column. Saturated acid gas
flow is directed to the acid gas flare and treated gas is fed to the feed gas drying unit.
Feed gas drying unit
Water is removed from feed gas coming out from acid gas removal unit in the feed gas drying
unit.
Gas is dried to prevent the hydrate formation in the gas liquefaction unit. The hydrate
formation can result in blockage of processing units and equipment. Gas drying unit allows to dry gas
up to water content less than 1 mln / 1 (mol.).
The moisture-saturated feed gas is sent to molecular sieve drier (adsorbers) from acid gas
removal unit. There are tree adsorbers in the gas drying unit. These adsorbers operates in the periodic
mode. Drying is carried out in two parallel adsorbers. The third adsorber operates in the regeneration
mode.
Water resorbed during regeneration is removed in the gas separator. To regenerate the
absorbent, a part of dried gas about 7 % is used Regeneration gas coming out of adsorber is subject to
the repeated compression and return to feed gas flow.
Gas liquefaction unit including mixed refrigerant compressor
Leaving the gas drying unit, the treated and dry natural gas under pressure of 3.7 5.4 MPa
and temperature of 13 enters the liquefaction unit.
The liquified gas production process is developed by company Linde AG under trade mark
LIMUM - the mixed refrigerant cycle (MRC) consisting of three refrigeration cycles.

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precooling using refrigerant with nitrogen, ethylene, butane and methane taken from feed
gas;

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liquefaction using refrigerant with propane, ethylene, and methane;


supercooling using refrigerant with ethylene, methane, and nitrogen.
As the result the natural gas is cooled to temperature of minus 160 , pressure of 5.5 MPa.
Then LNG pressure is decreased up to 0.12 P and temperature up to 164 at the stage of
throttling.
Then the mixed refrigerant is boiled off and returns to cooling cycle at the compressor input.
The liquefied natural gas is pumped to LNG storage tank for further transportation to tankersgas carriers or road tanks.
Refrigerant fractionating and refilling unit
The fractionating unit is designed for decompounding the natural gas to its components to
provide for sufficient amount of methane, ethylene, and propane for cooling mixtures of liquefying
cycles.
Rectification is used for fractionation. Ethylene and precool mixed refrigerant obtained when
fractionating are directed to the refrigerant storage reservoir.
Nitrogen removal unit
Nitrogen and others inert gases, which essentially reduce the boiling temperature and therefore
result in cost escalation of energy for LNG production, are disengaged out of natural gas during
liquefaction process at low temperatures. If necessary, at high content of nitrogen in natural gas, the
nitrogen removal unit is provided.
Nitrogen is removed up to concentration less than 1 mole %. Gaseous nitrogen is discharged to
atmosphere.
Condensate stabilisation unit
The condensate stabilisation unit is designed especially for abstraction of higher hydrocarbons
from natural gas of main pipeline to recovery required gas composition before liquidizing. Higher
hydrocarbons are abstracted from natural gas at the fractionating stage.
Hydrocarbon condensate is a minor product of LNG Facility and meets the requirements of
OST 51.40-93 "Combustible natural gases supplied and transported by gas main pipelines.
Obtained condensate is fed to the storage volume. Condensate is supplied to consumer as far as
filling the storage volume.
Condensate is supplied by automobile transport to the Leningrad Region enterprises according
to individual contracts.

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Refrigerant storage reservoirs


The refrigerant storage reservoirs are designed for storage of ethylene and precool mixed
refrigerant. Liquid ethylene and mixed refrigerant are used at the start-up of LNG Facility. The
storage reservoirs are subsequently filled from fractionating unit.
Acid Gas Incineration Unit
The acid gas incineration unit is designed for disposition of gases excreted in the acid gas
removal unit and reduction of pollutant emission to atmosphere.
Acid gases enter the furnace unit which operates at temperature up to 1000 . Combustibles
containing in acid gas are oxidized and discharged to atmosphere in the form of smoke fumes.
Fuel gas preparation system
Fuel gas system uses two pressure levels: fuel gas high pressure for generator drives and
refrigerant turbine and fuel gas low pressure for combustion heaters, flares and other thermal
processes. Fuel gas is taken off from the gas suction and measurement unit. In addition, vapours
occurring at LNG storage and loading are used as fuel gas. Fuel gas of low pressure is essentially
realized from high pressure system by pressure relief.
Electric-power production and emergency power supply
The electric power system will be powered from three piston generators considering required
reserve. The reserve diesel-generator will maintain the electric power system at critical loads.
Emergency systems have: main and reserve uninterruptable power supplies (UPS) for control system
and other equipment which requires uninterrupted power supply.
Heat transfer fluid system
The heat transfer fluid system is used to meet the heat energy needs of processing units. Heat
transfer fluid (hot oil, thermo-oil) is heated up in the pipe furnace and gives up heat to the acid gas
removal unit, as well as to fractionation unit. The hot oil temperature depends on the temperature
required for processing units. Hot oil can also be heated up by exhaust gases at the outlet of gas
piston electric generators.
Water preparation and distribution
The water treatment system involves:
demineralised water recovery and storage unit;
drinking and service water recovery and storage unit.
Demineralised water is generally used at the amine treatment stage. Service water is stored in
the individual volume where from it is fed for desalination, drink water recovery and spent for
technical needs and refilling of fire fighting reservoirs.
Instrumentation air and utility air system
Utility air and instrumentation air are obtained by compression of atmosphere air in the
compressor unit and its accumulation in air receivers. Quality of instrumentation air is provided by
application of instrumentation air dryer.
Nitrogen system
Nitrogen is required for purging of equipment, gas sealing of compressors, forming of gas
cushions and blocks. Air is fed to nitrogen unit from compressors of instrumentation air.
Flaring system
Processing units and storage units are connected with flaring system. Flaring system is a part of
offsite facilities.
The purpose of flaring system is to combust combustion gases and fluids, which are released as
a result of emergency situation at the LNG Facility commissioning and shutdown, in safe location
and discharge them into the atmosphere.

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. .

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The following main subsystems are parts of system consisting of three flares:
emergency working system for heavy flows;
emergency working system for dry flows;
emergency working system for LNG storage and loading;
working flaring system;
system of spare flare;
liquid flare.
Drainage and effluent treatment system
Drainage facilities of the Terminal provide the treatment of domestic, processing, rain and
melted waste waters flowing from separate collection system.
Mechanical and biological methods are used for waste water purification.
LNG storage reservoir
The LNG storage is provided in the single reservoir of pressure tight type with outer shell of
prestressed reinforced concrete. The total operational tank volume of LNG storage is 26,000 m3. The
reservoir works at the gauge pressure of 3-4.5 kP and the temperature of minus 160 .
In the LNG storage reservoir there are three groups of immersed pumps (main and standby
pumps in each group) of vertical type with capacity:
from 500 to 2,000 m3/h for loading to tankers of volume 20,000 m3;
from 100 to 500 m3/h for loading to tankers of volume 500 m3;
from 10 to 50 m3/h for loading to road tanks.
Liquefied gas is pumped to LNG loading system.
LNG loading system
Loading system is designed for LNG loading to tankers of volume capacity from 500 m3 to
20,000 m3 and LNG loading to road tanks.
Maximum capacity of loading system to tankers is 2000 m3/h.
Loading of maximum tankers batch of 20,000 m3 in normal conditions is about 12 hours.
One processing line for loading of liquid product and one return line of boil off gas are
provided at the waterside.
LNG fuel-filling column with foundationless weight allows charging the transport tank with
liquefied natural gas and returning the boil off gases. The weight for commercial account of realized
LNG is included into the Facility.

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1.3.3

Feed raw and producible product

To produce the specified amount of LNG, 1 bln m3/year of natural gas as a feed raw is required
to be fed to LNG Facility.
LNG represents a cryogenic fluid as a mixture of hydrocarbons of C1 C10 family and
nitrogen with dominant fraction of methane (0.850.99), colourless and odourless, atmospheric
boiling temperature is about -160 (111.7 ) at atmospheric pressure, and density is 430-480
kg/m3. It is the same natural gas from physical standpoint, but being at other aggregative state
liquid state. When liquidizing, natural gas achieved the reduction in volume more than 600 times.
LNG is lighter than benzene by factor of 2, non-toxic, chemically inactive, combustion products
contain less carbon monoxides and nitrogen oxides than compressed natural gas due to the best
treatment when liquidizing. LNG marine freight is carried out with specialized tankers- gas carriers.
When transforming LNG in gaseous state (regasification), its properties correspond to properties of
pipeline natural gas in accordance with GOST 5542-87.

. .

. .

1.3.4

Berthing, offshore and hydrotechnical constructions

The construction of one shipping terminal of LNG is required in accordance with performed
calculations of port calls and considering intensity of filling the tanker-gas carrier for shipping of 660
th. tonnes/year.
The loading system shall be installed for LNG loading into tankers-gas carriers at the shipping
terminal consisting of:
one loading arm of DN 12/8for LNG loading and boil off gas suction from tankers- gas
carriers;
gas blowers for LNG vapor return to tank battery for storage at the LNG Facility.
there will be a place for installation of second loading arm for LNG loading to small
bunkering tankers at the top buildings of LNG shipping terminal in future.
There will be also installed systems of protection, fire fighting, guard consisting of:
protection system from hydraulic impact;
system of automatic foam fire fighting;
system of drenching and water curtain around the periphery;
lightning protection and light;
safety system equipment in accordance with International Ship and Port Facility Security
Code (ISPS Code);
equipment of offshore post to cross the RF border.
To provide normal service of marine port in accordance with RD 31.3.01.01-93 Guidelines for
Process Design of Marine Ports the berth for moorage of harbor vessels shall be constructed.
Berth lengths for loading the liquefied natural gas into tankers-gas carriers and harbor vessels
mooring have been calculated and presented in Table 1.3.1.
Table 1.3.1 - Berth lengths
Description
LNG loading berth
Harbor vessels berth

Length, m.
235
153

Bottom elevation at the LNG loading berth in accordance with calculation is minus 10.00 m.
The berth is connected with the Terminal territory by approaching trestle.
The harbor vessels berth is designed for elevation bottom of minus 6.00 m. The berths of LNG
loading and harbor vessels are designed for natural depths that allows to prevent bottom dredging in
accordance with effective navigation charts.

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Offshore infrastructure providing for operation of tankers-gas carriers and harbor vessels
consists of 2 zones.
1-st zone LNG loading berth with approaching trestle, harbor vessels berth and sea
special subunits (if necessary), checkpoint of Federal Frontier Service, pumping house for foam and
water extinction with seawater intake structure, control room at berth, utility facilities;
2-nd zone bank protection and treating facilities.
Hydrotechnical constructions consist of:
LNG loading berth of the length of 235 m, approaching trestle of the length of 108 m.
Structural elements: trestle on metal pipes, topside of assembled and cast in-situ reinforced concrete;
harbor vessels berth of the length of 153 m moorage wall with foundation of steel shells
of 10 metre diameter filled with PGS;
bank protection of slope type.
1.3.5

Characteristics of vessels

Tankers-gas carriers in number of 3 vessels filled by turns are assumed to be used for marine
freight of LNG.
Main characteristics of vessels of this type are presented in Table 1.3.2.
Table 1.3.2 Main characteristics
Characteristic
Length overall, m
Width overall, m
Freeboard draft, m
Deadweight, t.
Volume capacity of tanks, m3
Flag
Classification society
Ice reinforcement (DNV)

. .

. .

1.3.6

Parameter
157.7
25.0
7.3
10,400
20,000
Finland
DNV
1A Super

Water Area of the Port, Approach Water-Ways and Safety of Navigation

Port Vyssotsk is located in the Northern part of the island Vyssotsky in the Gulf of Finland, 90
km from Saint-Petersburg and 50 km from the Russian-Finnish border.
The port consists of three terminals coal-loading, oil-loading and the separated Sea Terminal
(SST) on the cape Putevoy.
Piloting in the port area is compulsory. Using tug-boats for safe entrance and exit, mooring
operations and shifting is also compulsory.
Entering and leaving port is carried out round the clock during all seasons. During the winter,
icebreakers service is provided by the Basin Committee for Icebreaker Ships headed by the captain of
the sea port Saint-Petersburg Major Port.
In the port Vyssotsk, the requirements of international conventions for environment protection
are applied as well as the requirements of the Russian legislature for environment protection. The
captain of the sea port Vyssotsk monitors observance of these requirements by business entities
(ships) in the port.
The water area of the sea terminal for LNG in the commercial sea port Vyssotsk is limited by
the water area adjacent to the LNG loading terminal from the South-Eastern border of the water-way
No.6, the cape South Transund and the island Tikhy. The water depth in this water area of the port is
10 m and deeper; the size of the water area ensures safe maneuvering and approach to the berthage.
In order to estimate the actual depths, depth measurement shall be carried out throughout the water
area within the framework of design and exploration works.

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The ships approach to and exiting from the berth is mainly supported by the available means
of navigation equipment and the ships motion control system (SMCS).
For all ships in the approach ways to the sea terminal, piloting is compulsory.
The water area adjacent to the berths of the base of harbor vessels and special vessels division
is big enough for maneuvering the auxiliary ships.
In order to ensure navigation safety in the water area of the sea terminal, 8-m high lighted port
signs of the type Column are installed at the end pawl of the quay.
The size of the water area near the projected quays is determined by the requirement of safe
maneuvering of ships in limited water areas with quays on one side.
At the full projected capacity, the average number of LNG tankers entering to moor for loading
shall be 85-90 per year. The necessary throughput capacity of the approach ways with consideration
of bottom dredging works carried out during 2009-2010 within the framework of the Federal
program Development of transport in Russia (2010-2015) does not require expanding the available
sea water-ways.

. .

. .

1.3.7

Manpower and Working Hours

The personnel of the Terminal for liquefying and loading of natural gas is territorially
divided into the personnel of the natural gas liquefying facility and the personnel of the mooring area.
The number of the manpower in the Terminal is comprised of the managerial personnel and
workers. The total number of the manpower is 93.
Besides of the Terminal personnel proper, there shall be other personnel present, such as state
supervising services for border, customs, immigration, sanitary, veterinary and phytology
supervision. Personnel of the State Inspectorate for Port Supervision (SIPS) shall also be present. The
total number of personnel for these services shall be determined according to the initial data provided
by the corresponding organizations for design works.
The number of the operating personnel at the Terminal shall be changing according to the stage
of the project development.
Stage 1. Preparation, launching and probationary operation
Prior to commissioning of the equipment, a permanent unit shall be established, with the task
of preparation for commissioning and further regular operation (developing plans and procedures,
control systems and initial organization).
Stage 2. Operation during the first years
By the end of the probationary period, the personnel will have acquired the necessary
experience and will need less assistance from the supervisors; therefore, the labor productivity and
quality shall improve. As a result, the required number of manpower will decrease.
Stage 3. Finalizing the development project
Finalizing the development project and stabilizing the personnel numbers shall be achieved in
3...5 years upon launching.
The approximate male/female personnel ration is 82/18.
The source of managerial and engineering personnel is Vyborg and Saint-Petersburg.
Besides the premises for the personnel of the Terminal itself, there shall be those for the State
services supporting the operation of the Terminal.
The cargo turn-over of the sea Terminal shall be 660 thousand tons of liquefied natural gas
(LNG) per year.
The terminal shall be operating during all seasons, at least 330 days per year.
The ships turnover of the sea terminal is carried out according to the method recommended in
the directive document DD 31.3.01.01-93 Guidelines for Technological Design of Sea Ports.
The maximum possible number of ships entering the port during a year is conditioned by:

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the working hours of the sea port;


the total duration of the ships stay at the berth (for loading, servicing and idle time).
The maximum capacity of filling the tanks of an LNG tanker during loading shall be 2,000
m3/hour.
As the tanker is filled according to the approved programs, the duration of the loading
operations is anticipated to be 12 to 18 hours.
With consideration of auxiliary operations, the total duration of processing one tanker shall be
25 to 35 hours.
The possible number of ships mooring to one berth for round-the-year operation and the
berthing period of about 48 hours shall be up to 120 ships per year.
1.3.8

Characteristics of the Product

Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is a cryogenic liquid, a mixture of hydrocarbons of the range
110 and nitrogen, with the dominating share of methane (0.850.99), colorless and odorless,
with the boiling point about -160 (111.7 ) under the atmospheric pressure, density 430-480
kg/m3.
LNG is derived from natural gas by the method of cryogenic cooling. By its physical nature, it
is still the natural gas, but in a different aggregate state liquid. During liquefying, the volume of
natural gas is decreased by more than 600 times. LNG is almost twice as light as gasoline; it is not
toxic; chemically inactive; there is less carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxide in its product of
combustion than in the product of combustion of compressed natural gas due to better purification
during liquefying. Sea transporting of LNG is carried out in specialized LNG tankers.
As LNG is converted to the gaseous state (re-gassed), its properties comply with those of the
pipeline-transportable natural gas acc. to GOST 5542-87.
The basic properties of liquefied natural gas acc. to TS 51-03-03-85 Combustible Natural
Liquefied Gas. Fuel for Internal Combustion Engines are presented in Table 1.3.3.
Table 1.3.3 - Basic properties of LNG acc. to TS 51-03-03-85
Component
Methane
Ethane
Propane and heavier hydrocarbons
Nitrogen
Odorant (ethyl mercaptan), not more than
Minimum combustion heat (under 0 and 101.325 kPa),
MJ/m3 (kcal/kg)

. .

. .

1.3.9

% (volumetric)
92 6.0
4.0 3.0
2.5 2.5
1.5 1.5
0.005

Test method

35.2 (11500)

Acc. to GOST 22667-82

Acc. to GOST 23781-87


Acc. to GOST 22387.2-83

Engineering Support of the Facility

Power supply networks


The project provides for electric lighting and power supply to the users of the technological
equipment of the Terminal for production and loading of liquefied natural gas at the port Vyssotsk in
the Leningrad district, the throughput capacity 660 thousand tons of LNG per year, including the gas
pipeline branch from the trunk gas pipeline Leningrad-Vyborg-State border.
The project provides for the power supply for auxiliary technological equipment of the facility.
The rated capacity of power supply users is 15,000 kW.
The power supply source of the projected technological electric equipment shall be a projected
power supply unit MiniTES based on three gas-piston units (GPU) with the capacity 21000 kVA, as
well as a projected KTP-1-1000/10/0.4 with the capacity 21000 kVA with two power-supply drytype transformers used for the initial launch of the power-supply unit equipment and reserve power
supply of category II users.

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.
. .

Projecting of the networks leading to the KTP is carried out by the Customer along a separate
project that provides for two cable lines rated at 10 kV for LNGC NGVRCS (NGV-refueling
compressor station) for category 2 reliability class power supply with the capacity 995 kW.
For category 1 users, the project provides for diesel-generator power supply unit with the
capacity 1440 kW.
Water supply system
Water is used for the following purposes in this facility:
one of the working media in the production cycle;
heating;
household purposes.
As the source of fresh water for the Terminal, the projects provides for water collection from
the Gulf of Finland.
III category of water supply system is stipulated.
Technical solutions are developed in accordance with the effective Russian norms.
The water from water collection points is supplied to:
the facility for treatment and storage of de-mineralized water, with further supply to
technological facilities;
the facility for treatment of fresh water, with further supply to the distribution systems of
drinking and industrial water.
Water collection for fire water replenishment is better carried out from the Gulf of Finland A
dedicated water collection point shall be constructed for this purpose.
According to preliminary calculation, permanent water supply is provided for:
de-mineralized water production 80 m3/day;
drinking water system 300 m3/day;
technical water system 200 m3/day;
Total: 2580 m3/day.
Water collection and treatment system is rated for 0.01 m3/second.
Return water system is used for cooling technological equipment.
Three water supply systems are planned: industrial water supply, household water supply and
fire water supply.
Water is treated at the drinking water treatment station; its equipment is located in a container
(block module) sized 9.2 2.5 2.5 (h) m.
Water is supplied to the drinking water tank and then pumped to the household water supply
pipeline.
Water consumption for internal fire-fighting is 15 l/second (2 jets 5 l/second each plus 5
l/second) in accordance with SNiP 2.04.01-85*.
Water consumption for external fire-fighting is 50 l/second (40 l/second plus 10 l/second) in
accordance with SNiP 2.04.02.02-84*.
Total water consumption for fire-fighting is 65 l/second.
Fire-fighting water is supplied to the fire water supply pipeline from the pump house of the sea
water collection point for fire-fighting water supply.
Water discharge system
In all the sites of the terminal separate sewage systems are provided for: household, industrial
and rain water.
Household, industrial, rain (snow melt) water are directed to sewage water treatment facilities.
Sewage water is treated according to mechanical and biological treatment methods. Maximum

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allowable concentrations of pollution after treatment is within the norms for water discharge into
water bodies in accordance with SanPiN 2.1.5.980-00.
The treatment facilities for household sewage receive household sewage water from sanitary
equipment and industrial sewage water from traps in heating units. Maximum allowable
concentrations of pollution in household sewage water are: suspended matter - 300 mg/l; BOD20 ~
100 mg/l; ammoniacal nitrogen =35 mg/l; phosphates -15 mg/l.
Rain water treatment facilities receive rain and snow melt water from water collection wells.
Pollution concentration in rain water is: suspended matter 500-2000 mg/l, oil products 10-30 mg/l.
Treatment of household and rain water in water treatment facilities shall be carried out in
several independent flows.
Water treatment facilities shall have a preliminary treatment unit combining traditional and
new patented technologies.
Average hourly throughput capacity of water treatment facilities shall be at least:
for industrial-rain sewage 15.5 m3/hour;
for household sewage 0.5 3/hour.
Anticipated pollutants content in industrial-rain sewage water is as follows:
oil products 20-150 mg/l;
emulsible oil products from 2 to 5 mg/l;
suspended matter 100 mg/l.
The quality of treated sewage is described in Table 1.3.4.
Table 1.3.4 - Quality of treated sewage water
Treated sewage water
Meas.unit
mg/l
mg/l
mg/l
mg/l
mg/l
mg/l
mg/l
mg/l
mg/l
mg/l
mg/l

Value

. .

. .

Suspended matter
BOD total
COD
Ammoniacal nitrogen
Nitrogen in nitrites
Nitrogen in nitrates
Phosphates
SSAS
Oil products
Dissolved oxygen

Qnty
6.5...8.5
3.0
3.0
30.0
0.4
0.02
7.0...8.0
0.5
0.1
0.05
4.0

Composition of water treatment facilities:


receiving tank for household sewage water;
KOU-50 BIO (or similar);
collecting tank for rain water;
KOU-10D (or similar);
Sand sites;
tank for treated sewage water.
Characteristics of water treatment facilities with indication of their designation, capacity,
method and efficiency of water treatment are presented in Table 1.3.5.

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Table 1.3.5 Characteristics of water treatment facilities


Water
treatment
facility,
treatment
method

Industry
source of
sewage water

KOU-50BIO;
biological
treatment

Household
activity of
personnel

KOU-10D;
mechanical
treatment

Territory of
LNGC and
mooring zone

Throughput
capacity of
water treatment
facility, m3/day.

70

114

Treatment efficiency
Pollution concentration,
mg/l
Pollutant
Before
After
treatment
treatment
Suspended matter
300
3
BOD20
100
3
Ammoniacal
35
0.4
nitrogen
Phosphates
15
0.2
Suspended matter
1250
3
Oil products

20

0.05

% of
treatment

Destination of
treated
sewage water

99
97
98
98
99.7

Disinfection
unit;
Discharge to
the sea.

99.7

After treatment at KOU-50BIO and KOU-10D units (or their analogues), the treated and
filtered water is disinfected with ultraviolet rays in a disinfection unit with the specter 253.7 mm,
penetrating the depth of water and eliminating the remaining microorganisms.
Discharge of treated sewage waters is carried out in spreading over the sea water area.
Characteristics of pollutants in treated waters as they are discharged into the bay Bolshaya
Pikhtovaya (with consideration of requirement applied to fishing water bodies) are presented in Table
1.3.6.
Table 1.3.6 Characteristics of pollutants in treated waters discharged into the bay Bolshaya
Pikhtovaya

. .

. .

Pollutants in sewage
waters

Hazard class

1. General sanitary quality of water:


BOD total
4
Suspended matter
4

Dry sediment
4
COD
4
General nitrogen
General phosphor
2. Toxic substances LHI
General iron
4
Ammoniacal nitrogen
4
Nitrogen in nitrites
3. Sanitary-toxic substances LHI
Sulphates
4
Chlorides
4
Nitrogen in nitrates
ASAS
4
4. Fishing waters substances LHI
Oil products
3
Sanitary group substances
Phosphates
4*
* - moderate

W/calc.

MPC, fishing
water bodies

Ratio of pollutants
concentration in the
discharged treated
water to MPC

2
5
7.5
50
20
1.5
1

3
10
6.5-8.5
1000
30
12
1.5

0.02
0.12
0.01

0.1
0.39
0.02

0.2 MPC
0.3 MPC
0.5 MPC

20
25
0.2
0.01

100
300
9.1
0.1

0.2 MPC
0.1 MPC
0.02 MPC
0.1 MPC

0.05

0.05

MPC

0.2

0.2

MPC

Notes

Strict adherence to environment regulations implies total prevention of sewage spills into water
bodies. In order to achieve this, normal operation shall be ensured for the facilities and equipment
related to collecting and transporting sewage waters.
In order to prevent emergency spills, the project provides for directing any sewage water from
the object to water treatment facilities.
N order to prevent environment pollution with sewage water, the following is provided for:
installing water-proof coating on access roads and parkings;

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.
. .

constructing sewage pipes for collecting and transporting sewage waters and prevention of
emergency spills;
laying of underground sewage pipes onto packed foundation with thorough packing of pipe
joints and collecting wells;
hydro-insulation and packing of underground facilities preventing sewage waters from
flowing out.
Heat supply system
The project provides for heat supply of the buildings where the personnel is permanently
present. Heat supply is provided by a dedicated heat center, where heat is taken from the GPU
generating electric power for the Terminal. In order to cover the peak loads, peak boilers are installed
in the power-generating facility. Heat supply for buildings of technological units is carried out by
utilizing heat emissions from equipment.
For heating the buildings where personnel is permanently present (ABC, LNG LF, OPRU,
MST, GRZ, PPT and PS, PD), the project provides for two-pipe dead-end heating system with lateral
and bottom connection of heating devices. As heating devices (steel radiators Purmo Ventil Compact
with lateral connection are projected.
The heat-carrier agent temperatures: direct +80, reverse +60. Dunfoss valves and fittings
shall be installed.
The project provides for installing impelled airflow units with plate-type heat recuperators.
Units have conventional water intake through outdoor gratings on the faade of the building. In order
to prevent backflow on intake and discharge outlets, return valves are installed. Air from toilets and
shower rooms is carried out with ceiling ventilators.
Air to the boiler room is by natural flow through air intake grating.
Gas supply system
Gas pipeline branch from the trunk gas pipeline Leningrad-Vyborg-State border
Transporting natural gas to the specialized terminal shall be carried out via pipes of the gas
pipeline branch (GPB) from the trunk gas pipeline Leningrad-Vyborg-State border.
The composition of the GPB includes:
trunk gas pipeline (diameter 530 mm, operating pressure 5.4 MPa, length 41277 m) from
the connecting point to the existing trunk gas pipeline Leningrad-Vyborg-State border-1 and 2 to
the projected LNGC near the peninsula Ruevelanniemi port Vyssotsk;
launching chamber of water treatment units (LCWTU) - 6090 m;
loops over water bodies of the Gulf of Finland - 3 pcs;
receiving chamber of water treatment units (RCWTU) - 6090 m;
cathode protection station (CPS) - 3 pcs;
electric chemical protection cables (ECP) with anode ground connection (3 pcs);
hoist crane blocks site (HB) - 66 m;
power supply lines VL - 6 kV for projected HB, LCWTU (2 pcs - 4500 m, 505 m);
approach motor roads to projected HB, LCWTU, RCWTU (6 pcs 150 m, 1600 m, 3000
m, 550 m, 150 m, 600 m).
Project documentation provides for complex protection from soil-induced erosion for projected
GPB of LNGC. In accordance with the calculations for the entire length of the GPB to LNGC, three
cathode protection stations shall be constructed.
In the sites of LCWTU, RCWTU and HB, the following is projected:
power supply with commercial electricity meters;
tele-mechanical equipment;

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.
. .

lighting protection;
protective ground connection;
fire and security alarm system;
complex of engineering-technical means of security (ETMS) with access control system;
technological access road and turning area for road transport;
area development and greenery.
Gas pipeline branch track
The GPB track is laid in the territories of Goncharov rural, Soviet urban and Vyssotsk urban
residential areas of Vyborg region of Leningrad district over the lands of the following categories:
Area of the State forest region of the North-Western and Roshino forest administrations;
Agricultural areas of AIC Matrosovo;
-Agricultural areas of AIC Kirov transport worker;
Industrial, power supply zone and transport land of OJSC RZhD, Motor road committee of
Leningrad district and Federal administration of motor roads;
Areas of the water administration of the Federal water resources agency;
undivided lands in the State ownership (municipal lands of Vyborg region of Leningrad
district).
As the track for the gas pipeline branch was selected, the following was considered:
optimal zoning and use of territory;
positioning near the existing transport routes (gas pipeline branch to MDS Vyborg
cellulose, technological communication cable etc.);
optimal (shortest) technological, transport and engineering connections;
minimum distance to the projected GPB (acc. to Table 4 of SNiP 2.05.06-85*).
He projected gas pipeline is parallel to the existing gas pipeline branch to MDS Vyborg
cellulose, 20 m to the left if seen along the gas flow.
The GPB track crosses the following communication lines and natural obstacles:
water bodies: small rivers (Perovka, Cherkasovka, Dryoma, Matrosovka, Medyanka),
Tokarev creek, 5 nameless creeks, a network of ameliorative ditches and three bays of the Gulf of
Finland (nameless bay, Malaya Pikhtovaya bay, Bolshaya Pikhtovaya bay);
motor roads: unpaved w/o category, road of regional significance of technical category IV,
road of federal significance of technical category I -181 Scandinavia;
railroad tracks 5 crossings;
power supply lines of OJSC LenEnergo and FSK EES of Russia.
The width of the land assignment band for the gas pipeline branch with the diameter 530 mm
is:
33 m for agricultural areas;
23 m for non-agricultural areas and areas of the State forestry administration (CN 45273).
Laying the GPB track acc. to one variant causes cession of lands in the protection and sanitary
zones of projected lines with cadastre numbers 47:01:0000000:50, 47:01:0000000:89 and
47:01:0000000:90 agricultural areas of AIC Matrosovo, AIC Kirov transport worker. The
project stipulates compensation to these business entities for laying the GPB.
The total approximate land area for the gas pipeline branch in the territory of Vyborg region is
127.43 ha, including:
within the borders of the lands of the forestry administration 104.6 ha;

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. .

. .

within the borders of agricultural lands 13.98 ha;


within the borders of municipal lands 0.352 ha;
within the borders of the lands of the water administration 7.696 ha.
The track of the gas pipeline branch is shown in fig. 1.3.
Internal gas supply of MiniTES.
The composition of the Terminal includes a MiniTES of its own; its purpose is generating
electric power and heat. The project provides for gas supply of the MiniTES from an internal overground steel gas pipeline (OP = 2.5 MPa, bore = 250). At the entrance hole to the building, a KShI
bore250 is installed and the gas line is passed through a sleeve into the MiniTES, where, one after
another the following fittings are installed: ball valve, heat stop valve, gas filter, electromagnetic
valve, gas meter, disconnecting fitting of the MiniTES equipment, with the total electric capacity
15.0 MW.
The MiniTES is equipped with a gas safety system that stops the gas flow to the burners in the
case if:
- fire alarm is activated;
- emergency power supply disconnection is in effect;
- CO and 4 maximum allowable concentrations are exceeded.

Figure 1.4 Plan of the gas pipeline branch track

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2. Evaluation of Current Environmental Conditions in the OBJECT


LOCATION Area
2.1 Natural Climatic Characteristics of the Subject Area

. .

. .

Capital repairs of seawalls will be performed within the confines of the Vyborg Bay the
largest among the second order bays in the eastern part of the Gulf of Finland.
Bottom configuration in this part of the Gulf of Finland is extremely rugged. A large number of
banks, reefs, littoral and insular shelves. The Vyborg Bay is separated from the Gulf of Finland by an
underwater shelf and occupies an area of 450 km2. The Bays upper part is shallow, below the town
of Vysotsk the depths grow significantly, and reach 30 m in the open part.
The Vyborg Bay basin is divided into three parts: upper, middle, and lower.
The upper part is separated from the middle part by a chain of islands, which includes
Vysotsky Island in the south, which forms the Bolshaya Pikhtovaya creek. The area of this region
from the confluence of the Saimaa Channel to the angle towards Sovetsky locality - Podborovie
locality equals 110 km2, prevailing depths 3.5-4.0 m, exclusive of deep water areas adjacent to the
ship channel. Insulosity approaches 21%.
Middle part: Its upper border spreads from the angle Sovetsky Podborovie to the angle
between Pribylovo locality and the foreland northward of Baltiets bay, its lower border along the
Kiperort peninsula across Vikhrevoi island, and aligns with the natural most narrow part of the basin
(6 km wide). Basin area - 160 km2, prevailing depths up to 10 m, max - 12-18 m, insulosity 16%.
Lower part and the adjacent continental shore of the area of Bjorkesund strait. Lower
part begins from angle Pribylovo Baltiets to angle between Gudonovka locality and Krestovy
foreland. The area of the basin is 120 km2, length of coastline - 50 km, prevailing depths of 25-30 m,
insulosity 2%.
The basin of the Vyborg Bay is highly desalinated due to confluence of multiple freshwater
flows into its head, the largest of which is the Saimaa Canal.
As throughout the Gulf of Finland, the Vyborg Bay is characterized by cyclonic flows, with sea
water moving from west to east mainly along the southern coast, and desalinated flows - from east to
west, mostly along the north shore.
Climate in the eastern part of the Gulf of Finland, which applies to the Vyborg Bay, has the
features of marine temperate latitudes. It is characterized by relatively warm, yet long winter, with
rapid changes in temperature, including thaw. Spring is relatively cold with frequent night frosts.
Summer is relatively cool, often with heavy rainfalls. Autumn is quite warm with considerable
amount of clouds and drizzling rainfall.
Air Temperature
Average annual temperature is 4.2 , the warmest month is July, with an average monthly
temperature of 17.6 , and the coldest month is February (minus 9.4 ).
This area is characterized by abrupt changes from cold weather to thaws. On average,
December has 16 days with thaw, in January - 8 days, in February - 5 days.
The air temperature increase during thaws may reach 8-9 .
Air Humidity
Due to prevailing marine air masses humidity in the Vyborg Bay is high all year round. The
number of days with relative humidity of 80% is 140-155 days over the entire basin.
Cloud Amount
The average total monthly amount of cloud varies throughout the year from 5 to 8 points, and
reaches 9 points only in some areas in November and December. The highest amounts of clouds are
observed from October to February.

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The average annual number of cloudy days (cloud amount 8-10 points) on the coast ranges
mostly from 190 to 220. The most frequent cloudy days from October to February, when their
average monthly number is 13-26. From April to September, the number of cloudy days in most
areas 4-12.
Sunny days (cloud amount 0-2 points) are few with annual average of 22 to 74.
Precipitations
Precipitations are observed on average 191 days a year. Important characteristic of
precipitations is their intensity. In the cold season heavy precipitations are predominant, and their
average intensity is 0.2-0.4 mm / hr.
In the summer average intensity grows to 1.1-1.3 mm / hr due to rain showers.
Atmospheric Effects
Fogs are a not infrequent at the Vyborg Bay. Fogs are observed 40-45 days per year. Most
often fogs are observed in spring and autumn. Fogs are most rarely observed in the period from
May/June to August. For area described is characterized by advective, radiation and evaporation
fogs.
Average duration of fog over the bay is 4-6 hours and a maximum 50-60 hours. Haze is often
observed over the sea in the winter time.
Thunderstorms in the Vyborg Bay are relatively infrequent. Average annual number of days
with thunderstorms varies from 10 to 19.
The most intense storm activity is observed in July and August. In summer thunderstorms are
usually accompanied by heavy showers and squalls, and in winter - with snowfalls.
Wind Conditions
Southwestern, western and southern winds prevail over the Vyborg Bay. Their repeatability on
average is over 50%, winds of these directions are the most violent.
Average monthly wind speed is 3-7 m / s everywhere, and in autumn and winter it is greater
than in spring and summer. In summer the coast experiences well marked diurnal variation of wind
speed. As a rule, the lowest wind speed is observed at night and in the morning, and the highest in the
afternoon. Tables 2.1.1 and 2.1.2 show statistical evaluation of wind conditions according to HMS
Vyborg.
Table 2.1.1 Repeatability of wind direction and no-wind conditions, (%)

. .

. .

Month
1
4
7
10
Year

N
11
7
12
10
10

NE
13
15
18
8
14

E
11
10
9
7
10

SE
11
12
5
10
10

S
14
14
9
11
11

SW
23
32
29
26
28

W
8
4
9
16
8

NW
9
6
9
12
9

No wind
5
7
5
7
6

Table 2.1.2 - Repeatability of wind speed by gradations (%)


Speed (m/s)
0-5
6-10
11-15
16-20
21-25
>25

I
26.2
48.9
17.1
7.3
0.5
0

II
30.9
50.4
13.4
4.8
0.6
0

III
27.4
51.1
15.9
5.1
0.4
0

IV
26.7
54.2
16
2.9
0.2
0

V
19.4
56.6
20.6
3.1
0.2
0

VI
20.4
58.5
18.2
2.7
0.2
0

VII
26.7
56.4
14.8
1.9
0.2
0

VIII
26.9
57.2
13.8
2.1
0.1
0

IX
26.1
51.1
17.9
4.5
0.3
0.1

X
18.4
53.9
21
6.1
0.6
0

XI
18
53.6
21.2
6.5
0.7
0

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XII
22.5
51.9
19.5
5.9
0.2
0

Year
24.1
53.6
17.4
4.4
0.35
0.01

30

Ice Formation
Main types of ice formation are glaze storm, frost and complex deposits with sleet.
During the season (October-April) there is an average of 31 days with ice formation of all
types, maximum number of such days was observed in 1959-1960 and lasted for 57 days. The most
frequently observed icing takes place in December-February, reaching an average of 10 days per
month in January.
Continuous icing period normally comprises 9 hours, frost - 20 hours, complex deposits - 37
hours.
The main climatic characteristics according to State Institution "St. Petersburg CGMS-R"
(Appendix C) are shown in Table 2.1.3.
Table 2.1.3 Climatic conditions in the area of the Terminal
Denomination
Coefficient depending on the stratification of the atmosphere, A
Terrain coefficient
Average maximum outdoor temperature of the hottest month of the year,
Average temperature of the coldest month,
Average annual wind rose, %
N
NE
E
SE
S
SW
W
NW
Wind speed, repeatability of values above which according to long-term data equals 5%, m/s

Value
160
1
21.7
-8.0
11
11
11
9
16
20
11
11
7.0

2.2 Ambient Concentration


Representation of the level of existing air pollution in the area under consideration provides
data on ambient air pollution.
Ambient concentrations according to data from State Institution St. Petersburg CGMS-R"
(Appendix D) in the area (Vysotsk) are provided in Table 2.2.1.
Table 2.2.1 Ambient concentrations in the area of the Terminal

. .

Contaminant
Suspended substances
Sulfur dioxide
Carbon monoxide
Nitrogen dioxide

Background concentration
mg/m3
0.14
0.011
1.8
0.056

Shares of MAC
0.28
0.02
0.36
0.28

MAC
mg/m3
0.5
0.5
5
0.2

Ambient concentration of major contaminants in ambient air do not exceed established


maximum permissible concentration.

. .

2.3 Geologic Framework of the Area


Geological characteristics of the area are drawn according to the results of the engineering and
environmental studies carried out in July 2005.
According to survey carried out in the past the following geological and lithological differences
of soils form geological and lithological structure of the basin and the canal.
Technogenic soils (filled) tlV

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gravelly sand (EGE 1a) are presented locally, gray with fragments of wood, medium
density addition, water-saturated, layer thickness 0.5-1.6 m;
gravel soils with sandy filler, with the inclusion of pebbles, gravel, boulders, dense and
medium density addition, water-saturated (EGE 1b).
Recent marine sediments - bottom grounds (mlV) lie directly from the bottom of the basin:
silt loam and sandy loam (EGE 2a) - dark gray to black in color, contain significant
amounts of organic matter. At the top of the bed are fluid, lower - in soft plastic state. Thickness 0.31.5 m;
sands of different grain sizes (EGE 2b) - mainly of silt and fine differences, usually gray,
micaceous sands contain gravel-pebble material in various amounts of rare inclusions of up to 50%
or more of the total volume of soil. Thickness varies from 1 to 7.5 m and more.
Postglacial glaciolacustrine sediments (lglll):
clay, loam belt light brown, blue-gray and gray with heavy brown tint (EGE 3a).
Characterized by thin layering, texture very soft plastic or fluid, thixotropic, highly adhesive.
sandy loam belt (EGE 3b) gray with layers of sand, plastic, thixotropic. Layer thickness
0.8 to 4.2 m
silty sands (EGE 3C) gray and brownish-gray with layers of loam and sandy loam,
medium density structure, water-saturated. Thickness 1.0 to 15.5 m
Postglacial fluvioglacial deposits (fill):
gravelly sandy loam (IGE 4a) - brown heterogeneous in composition, characterized by
dense, medium density structure, water-saturated, thickness up to 4.3 m;
detrital soils (EGE 4b), gravel bottoms (EGE 4d), block-detrital (EGE 4d) with sand
filling contain inclusions of pebbles, gruss, gravel, boulders, mixed composition, characterized by
dense structure, water-saturated. Thickness 0.5 to 12.5 m.
Upper Proterozoic formations (PR3):
granites, granite-gneisses pinkish-gray and reddish-brown, fissured, weathered, medium
solid (EGE 5) lie at the base of the section under consideration, as bedding for quaternary deposits.
Top is very uneven, sometimes lies close to bottom surface. Minus 9.3 - minus 22.6 below sea level.

2.4 Hydrology

. .

Level
Sea level fluctuations in the area, of mostly non-recurrent surging nature resulting from
occurring synoptic processes. Periodic (tidal) fluctuations are much smaller in magnitude than the
non-recurrent and are of not practical importance.
Level rises occur mainly under the influence of western bearing winds, and reduction - under
the influence of eastern bearing winds.
Level of 50% occurrence per year features mark minus 3 cm, 90% occurrence - minus 35 cm,
95% - minus 45 cm, 98% - minus 57 cm.

. .

surge phenomena of large amplitude;


freshwater runoff from the hydrological system of the Saimaa Canal;
influence of technogenic factor water area of the port closed and modified by dredge
operations and narrow exit to the sea.

Hydrological regime of the Vyborg Bay and the eastern part of the Gulf of Finland as a whole
are influenced by the processes of interaction of the aquatic environment with the atmosphere, land,
open part of the Gulf of Finland and the Baltic Sea.
The main characteristics of hydrology in the basin under consideration are:

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Value of maximum annual level of 2% occurrence is 173 cm.


Tables 2.4.1 - 2.4.3 show statistical evaluation of level regime according to HMS Vyborg.
Table 2.4.1 Average, maximum and minimum values of sea level (cm)
I
5
151
-107

Average level
Maximum level
Minimum level

II
-9
136
-117

III
-15
116
-114

IV
-12
93
-116

Y
-19
91
-107

YI
-7
95
-86

YII
7
109
-77

YIII
4
147
-63

IX
10
164
-84

X
13
164
-114

XI
21
164
-102

XII
19
174
-113

Year
1
174
-117

Table 2.4.2 Frequency of occurrence of sea level gradations (), 1965-1990 (%)
Level, cm
150..159
140..149
130..139
120..129
110..119
100..109
90..99
80..89
70..79
60..69
50..59
40..49
30..39
20..29

Vyborg

Level, cm
10..19
0..9
-1.. -10
-11..-20
-21..-30
-31..-40
-41..-50
-51..-60
-61..-70
-71..-80
-81..-90
-91..-100
-101..-110

0.02
0.03
0.03
0.07
0.19
0.48
0.82
1.63
3.22
4.4
5.9

Vyborg
10,11
12.85
16.87
15.88
12.01
7.63
4.10
2.21
1.04
0.31
0.1
0.07
0.03

Table 2.4.3 Maximum and minimum levels differing in occurrence (cm)


Period,
years
1965-90

Minimum level with occurrence


10%
5%
2%
1%
-42
-52
-63
-70

Maximum level with occurrence


10%
5%
2%
1%
36
49
62
75

Min
-117

Max
174

. .

. .

Disturbance
Average height of wind waves, 3% occurrence at Vyborg station in spring-summer does not
exceed 0.25 m; in November and December - does not exceed 0.4 m. Maximum height of wind
waves, 3% occurrence was recorded during July-September, and in December, when it reached 1.8
m.
Tables 2.4.4 - 2.4.5 show statistical evaluation of level regime according to HMS Vyborg.
Table 2.4.4 Repeatability of wind wave height, 3% occurrence (%)
Height, m
I
II
III
IV
Y
0 .. 0.5
ice
ice
ice
98.5
98.4
0.6 .. 1.0
1.5
1.6
1.1 .. 1.5
0.0
0.0
1.6 .. 2.0
0.0
0.0
Note: 0.0 in the tables stands for occurrence below 0.05 %.

YI
98.7
1.3
0.0
0.0

YII
97.9
2.0
0.1
0.0

YIII
98.7
1.1
0.2
0.0

IX
95.9
4.0
0.1
0.0

X
95.9
4.0
0.1
0.0

XI
91.6
8.2
0.2
0.0

XII
91.5
6.1
2.4
0.0

Table 2.4.5 Height of wind waves for varying occurrence


Occurrence, %
Height, m

1
0

5
0.05

10
0.1

25
0.2

50
0.3

75
0.5

90
0.6

95
0.65

99
0.7

Currents
Main role in the formation of the pattern of currents in the eastern part of the Gulf of Finland is
played by wind currents, currents caused by long waves, discharge currents and tidal currents.
Wind currents in the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Finland are developing in the upper layer to the
summer thermocline (20-30 m) and to winter halocline (60-70 m) forced by wind on the water
surface. The deeper the water, the slower these currents grow quickly.

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For the area under consideration maximum repeatability characterizes the north, north-east and
south, south-west currents with a speed under 10 cm / s. The average current speed is about 15 cm / s,
and maximum equals 72 cm / s.
Evaluation of repeatability of currents in the surface layer based on the data of short-term
observations is provided in Tables 2.4.6-2.4.7.
Table 2.4.6 - Repeatability of current speed and direction by gradations (%)
Speed
0
<10
11-20
21-30
31-40
41-50
51-75
Repeatability.
Maximum
speed, cm/s

NE

SE

SW

NW

8.0
6.6
2.0
1.9
1.1

6.9
3.6
1.4
0.9

1
0.8
0.5

3.5
1.6
0.1
0.1

8.0
4.9
2.8
1.7
1.4
1.5
20.3

4.0
1.2
1
0.2
0.2
6.6

3.1
1.1
0.7
0.3
0.3
0.1
5.6

Total
4.7
42.9
27.4
11.7
6.9
3.8
2.6
100.0

72

48

71

72

19.6

0.3
13.1

2.6

5.1

8.4
7.6
3.2
1.8
0.5
0.7
22.2

50

54

42

56

72

0.3

Table 2.4.7 Repeatability of current speed on surface by gradations


Speed gradation, cm/s
0
<10
11-20
21-30
31-40
41-50
51-75
Average speed, cm/s
Maximum speed, cm/s

Repeatability %
4.7
42.9
27.4
11.7
6.9
3.8
2.6
15
72

Ice Regime
Ice regime of the area is determined by its geographical position, climatic conditions, depth and
bottom configuration, desalination of waters under the influence of shore flow, the intensity of heat
exchange with the open part of the Gulf of Finland, water circulation.
Ice in the Vyborg Bay is formed annually. Ice formation begins from shallow water and
protected areas and develops throughout the basin of the bay. Vyborg Bay features early formation of
ice and steady ice cover.
Thickness of ice during its maximum development period varies largely from year to year.
Maximum ice thickness near the shore equaled nearly 80 cm, in the open part of the port near
Vysotsk 70 cm. Average ice thickness during its maximum development period equals 40-60 cm.
Ice cover thickness usually reaches its maximum in march, and in the severe winter in early April
Information on dates of ice regime phases, and the basic elements of ice regime according to
HMS Vyborg are given in Table 2.4.8.

. .

. .

Currents, developing under the influence of flow from Saimaa Canal, long waves and tides,
mild in the work area due to being closed and relatively shallow. Essentially its development is
observed along axis of the shipping channel entering the port area in the form of reverse water
exchange currents of the open sea with the Vyborg Bay.

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Table 2.4.8 Information on dates of ice regime phases and basic elements of ice regime
Characteristic
Ice formation
Date of steady transition of air temperature under 0 in autumn
Date of first ice formation
Date of steady ice formation
Date of first formation of shore ice or land ice
Full freezing
Date of early steady land ice formation
Steady ice formation width, km
Maximum land ice width, km
Date of first full freezing
Date of final freezing
Maximum measured ice thickness, cm
Date of observation of maximum ice thickness
Melting and decay
Date of steady transition of air temperature over 0 in spring
Date of meltwater puddle formation
Date of thaw hole formation
Date of water coast formation
Date of breaking or first advance of land ice formation
Deicing
Date of final decay of land ice
Date of first full deicing
Date of final deicing
Number of days with ice during the ice period

Early dates

Medium
dates

Later dates

18.10
29.10
6.11
3.11

19.11
20.11
25.11
25.11

28.12
9.12
26.12
26.12

6.11
12.0
12.0
4.11
12.11
38
20.02

30.11
12.0
12.0
29.11
5.12
58
14.03

27.12
12.0
12.0
31.12
9.01
71
1.04

5.03
10.04
26.03
3.04
7.03

25.03
29.03
17.04
17.04
12.04

12.04
20.04
4.05
28.04
27.04

17.04
18.04
19.04
123

30.04
2.05
2.05
157

9.05
9.05
9.05
180

. .

. .

2.5 Fishery characteristics of the area


The Gulf of Vyborg is the main spawning and fishing basin in the eastern part of the Gulf of
Finland.
The Gulf of Vyborg including tertiary gulfs deeply intrusive into land, bays and a number of
islands and having vast well heated littoral area (mostly in the upper and middle part), flow of fresh
water, availability of abundant water flora, provides favourable conditions for reproduction of fish
inhabiting both the Gulf itself and the open areas of the eastern part of the Gulf of Finland.
The bays of the Gulf of Vyborg are places of spawning of many fish species including the
bream, the pike, the perch and the roach, and stony banks at small depth are places of the pike-perch
spawning.
Particularly from here expansion of the bream takes place along the coast of the Gulf of
Finland (that is confirmed by tagging). In the Gulf of Vyborg, its main stocks are concentrated, and
also stocks of other valuable commercial fish sensitive to contents of oxygen dissolved in water.
The considerable numbers of the pike perch, the bream and the smelt annually make spawning
and food migrations from the Gulf of Finland to the Gulf of Vyborg.
2.5.1 Fish fauna and economic importance
Species composition of fish cenosis of the Gulf of Vyborg as per data of specialists of
GosNIORKh and Sevzaprybvoda includes in various seasons from 20 to 26 species of fish and one
species of round-mouthed fishes.
As a rule, the general idea of the composition of fish cenosis of such a basin as the Gulf of
Vyborg can be received by dividing it into three complexes: the marine (brackish water), the fresh
water and the migratory fish complexes. Such a division gives an opportunity to determine the
seasonality of concentration of this or that species in the given water area. Thus, spring and autumn
migrations of the bream and the pike perch greatly influence the species composition of fish cenosis.

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But the population of the roach, the perch, the ruff is not subjected to such considerable migrations
and their habitation is associated with the local biotopes. Due to this reason, influence of
anthropogenic factor on them also varies. July is the peak of the summer season with stably high
temperatures and weak mixing of water. This determines dominance of the fish of the fresh water
complex in this desalted part of the Gulf, that was confirmed by conducted research. All the above
species are fresh water and typical inhabitants of this area.
During research in the area of dredging and blasting operations near the island of Vysotsky in
2005, there were representatives of 9 species in the takes belonging to 4 families (Table 2.5.1).
In the course of two seasons, three species prevailed in the composition of fish fauna both by
number and biomass, i.e. the perch, the roach and the silver bream (Tables 2.5.2 and 2.5.3). In the
beginning of summer, the considerable share was that of the ruff, in autumn the Baltic herring
approaches were observed.
Table 2.5.1 - Species composition of ichtyofauna in the Gulf of Vyborg in the area of dredging
and blasting operations near the island of Vysotsky in 2004-2005
Fam. Gasterosteidae
Clupea harengus membras (L.)
Fam. Cyprinidae
Rutilus rutilus (L.)
Blicca bjorkna (L.)
Abramis brama (L.)
Alburnus alburnus (L.)
Fam. Percidae
Stizostedion lucioperca (L.)
Percafluviatilis (L.)
Gymnocephalus cernua (L.)
Fam. Esoxidae
Esox lucius (L.)

Fam. Herring
Baltic herring
Fam. Chubs
The roach
The silver bream
The bream
The bleak
Fam. Perch
The pike perch
The perch
The ruff
Family Pickerel
The pike

Season dynamics is registered in quantitative indices of fish cenosis which is associated with
spawning and feeding fish migration, and also year-to-year variations stipulated by fish number
dynamics.
Table 2.5.2 - Number (N, specimen/ha and biomass (B, kg/ha) of fish in the area of scheduled
dredging and blasting operations as per data of 2004

. .

. .

Species of fish
The perch
The pike perch
The ruff
The roach
The silver bream
The bleak
The bream
The pike
The Baltic herring
Total

June
N
829
92
1971
147
304
28

26.6
12.6
27.4
3.5
6.7
0.5

9
28
3407

1.4
0.5
79.2

July
N
175
212
203
239
783

7.9
32.9
2.3
9.1
8.5

1.1

1621

61.8

October
N
37

1.6

37
718
74
9
28

0.3
40.5
1.7
0.1
12.1

249
1152

3.6
59.9

In the course of growing season, high density of ichthyofauna is registered in this area. The
maximum density of ichthyofauna is observed in the early summer period, then it is smoothly
decreased by autumn.

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Table 2.5.3 - Number (N, specimen/ha and biomass (B, kg/ha) of fish in the area of scheduled
dredging and blasting operations near the island of Vysotsky in July 2004-2005.
July
N
1181
106
69
580
709
5
2650

Species of fish
The perch
The pike perch
The ruff
The roach
The silver bream
The pike
Total

50.3
25.8
0.8
13.4
10.0
1.4
101.7

Dimension and age-specific range of the dominant species, the perch, is wide. Two-year-olds
and three-year-olds prevail, making in all about 70% of the selection. Adults were registered with the
length of up to 21 cm at the age of 7 to 9 years, but their share is inconsiderable (Figure 2.1).

Figure 2.1 Length frequency of the perch takes in the area of scheduled dredging and
blasting operations in July 2005

. .

. .

Dimension and age-specific structure of the roach population is given by 6 age-specific classes
(from 2 to 7 years). Species of the age of 2 to 3 years with body length from 8 to 9 cm prevail,
though the share of four-year-olds with the length of 13 to 14 cm is not inconsiderable (about 25%)
(Figure 2.2).

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Figure 2.2 Length frequency of the roach in the area of scheduled dredging and blasting
operations in July 2005

. .

. .

2.5.2

Characteristics of fish food reserve

The main components of ecosystem, which provide reproduction of fish stock are brushing of
aquatic vegetation (macrophytes), planktonic water plants (phytoplankton), zooplankton and
zoobenthos.
Macrophytes serve as biotope in which the most productive littoral communities of plankton
and benthos develop. Brushing serves also as substrate for spawning of phytophilous fishes and
shelter for their young.
In the upper and in the middle part of the Gulf of Vyborg, aquatic vegetation occupies almost
all shallow water gulfs and bays and shallow waters around the islands. Flora is represented with
typically lake species. The most specific is brushing of the bulrush (Scirpus lacustris), the rush
(Phragmites australis), the white water lily (Nimphaea Candida), the candock (Nupphar lutea), the
cornstalk weeds (Potamogeton lucens), the clasping-leaved pondweed (P.perfoliatus) and the
tenchweed (P.natans), the arrowhead (Sagittaria sagittifolis). The latter two species are spread
mainly in river mouths.
In the lower part of the Gulf, where underwater ground disposal is located, macrophytes can be
come across along the western coast only. Here, phytobenthos (filamentous aglae and charophytes)
prevail, species of higher plants are registered in small quantities.
Phytoplankton in live condition makes the basis of food of peaceful zooplankton.
At the boundary of the upper part and the middle part of the Gulf of Vyborg, species specific
for shallow waters prevail in the composition of phytoplankton. In the course of the most part of the
growing season, the group of dominants is made of the blue-green algae (Limnothrix planctonica,
Planktothrix agardhii, Aphanizomenon flos-aquae) and the green (the Chlorococcales Scenedesmus
acuminatus and S.quadricauda). Apart from them the group of the mass usually includes class
species Lyngbya and Phormidium, and also specimen of the euglenales (class species
Trachelomonas) and the cryptophites formations (species p. Cryptomonas). Phytoplankton biomass
reaches at the period of maximum up to 9-11 g/m3, and makes in average 3 g/m3.
In the lower part of the Gulf, phytoplankton does not differ from the adjacent water area of the
open part of the Gulf of Finland as regards species composition and quantitative indices. Planktonic
algae biomass in average makes about 0.5 g/m3 with dominating blue-green algae (Planktothrix
agardhii, Limnothrix planctonica, liomphosphaeria lacustris, Nodularia spumigena) and unicellular
green algae (Pyramimonas).

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In July 2005, 37 of 6 formations were discovered in the composition of phytoplankton of the


explored sections of the Gulf of Vyborg: 9 species of the blue-green algae, 8 of the green, 4 of the
diatom, 2 of the goldish, 5 of the cryptophytes and 1 of the dynophites.
As to number and biomass, at all the stations the filamentous blue-green algae (Planktothrix
agardhii and Anabaena flos-aqua) prevailed. At the stations located close to the shore at Pihtovaya
bay and in the area of disposals to them, small-celled species of the blue-green, the green and the
dynophite algae (Gomphosphaeria lacustris, Microcystis reinboldii, Monoraphidium contortum,
Chlamydomonas sp. and Gymnodinium simplex) joined them.
The number and biomass of phytoplankton at all the explored water area made about 8 mln.
cells/l and 0.80 g/m3, accordingly..Maximum values of indices of abundance of phytoplankton (about
14 mln. cells/l and 1.34 g/m3) were registered at the water area of Pihtovaya bay. In the area of the
approach channel, the number and biomass made 5.20 mln. cells/l and 0.69 g/m 3, accordingly.
Minimum indices of abundance of phytoplankton (about 5 mln. cells/l and 0.37 mg/l) were registered
in the water area of disposal.
Zooplankton is the basis for food of the early young of all fish species, and also of the fullgrown fishes-plankton-eaters.
In the upper and in the middle part of the Gulf of Vyborg, specimen of the fresh water complex
prevail, marine species are practically not registered in this part of the Gulf of Vyborg. In various
seasons of the year, the group of mass species is made of fresh water species out of classes
Synchaeta, Conochilus, Polyarthra, Keratella, Euchlanis, Asplanchna (rotifers), Daphnia, Bosmina,
Chydorus (cladocerans), Mesocyclops, Eurytemora (copepods). Quite often the number of mass
species also includes large forms of shellfish - species out of classes Eurycercus, Bythotrephes,
Polyphemus, Leptodora kindtii (cladocerans) and Heterocope (copepods).
The numbers of zooplankton are high and to the maximum make 70 in the littoral area, 170
thous. specimen/m3 in the deep-water zone, their basis is made with cladocerans and copepods.
The zooplankton biomass considerably varies in time and space: in the littoral area - from 0.08
to 10 g/m3, in the more deep-water part of the water area - from 0.1 to 2.0 g/m3, its basis (up to 80%)
is usually made with copepods.
In the lower part of the Gulf the community is represented mostly by fresh water species,
brackish water species make not more than 18% out of the total number, the marine ones - less than
1%. The group of mass species is made out of species of classes Mesocyclops, Acaniho clops,
Eurytemora lacustris and Limnocalanus grimaldii (copepods), Chydorus (cladopcerans), Keratella
quadrata and Conochilus unicornis (rotifers). Out of the above species, only L. grimaldii relates to
brackish water forms. Out of the mentioned species, L. grimaldii prevails in spring, species of classes
Mesocyclops and Acanthocyclops prevail during the whole of growing season, Chydorus dominates
in summer time.
The numbers of zooplankton are relatively small (50 thous. specimen/m3 in average), their
basis is made with copepods and rotifers. The zooplankton biomass varies within the whole growing
season from 0.01 to 0.38 with dominance of copepods and cladocerans.
In July 2005, 33 species of organisms were discovered in the composition of zooplankton
including 8 species of rotifers, 11 species of cladocerans and 13 species of copepods.
Zooplankton was widely represented both by fresh water species (species of classes Daphnia,
Chydorus, Bosmina, Leptodora, Mesocyclops, Acantocyclops), and brackish water species (Keratella
quadrata platei, Eurytemora hirundoides, Acartia clausi, Limnocalanus grimaldii). Marine species
(Keratella quadrata platei, Eurytemora hirundoides, Acartia clausi, Limnocalanus grimaldii) were
come across singularly.
In the water area of Pihtovaya bay, the numbers of zooplankton varied from 21 to 60 thous.
specimen/m3 and made in average about 40 thous. specimen/m3 with dominance of copepods. The
biomass of zooplankton varied from 0.4 to 1.2 g/m, 0.9 g/m in average, the basis of biomass was

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.
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made with large species Cercopagis pengoi, Daphnia cucullata, Leptodora kindtii, Diaphanosoma
brahyurum.
In the area of approach channel, the numbers of zooplankton was within 17 to 35 thous.
specimen/m3 and made in average about 26 thous. specimen/m3. At this section, copepods
(Mesocyclops Eurytemora hirundoides) prevailed. The biomass of zooplankton varied from 0.6 to
0.8 g/m, 0.7 g/m in average, the basis of biomass was made by large species Cercopagis pengoi,
Daphnia cucullata .
In the area of underwater disposal, the numbers of zooplankton varied from 5 to 14 thous.
specimen/m3 and made in average about 8 thous. specimen/m3. Here, copepods prevailed by means
of development of copepod stages Eurytemora hirundoides. The biomass varied from 0.4 to 0.7 g/m
and made in average 0.5 g/m3, at that, its main part consisted of large species of copepods and
cladocerans (Eurytemora hirundoides, Limnocalanus grimaldii Cercopagis pengoi, Daphnia
cucullata).
Zoobenthos serves as food for the young of many species of fish and makes the basis for food
of full-grown fishes-benthos-eaters.
In the upper and in the middle part of the Gulf, the species composition of benthos is varied.
For the littoral area with poorly silted sands, presence of large shellfishes including conches (7
species with dominance of Theodoxus fluviatilis) and clams (M.Unionidae) is specific. Apart from
shellfish, larvae of chironomids (5 species), small oligochaetes, heleids (2 species), and also great in
number nematodes, osctracodes and water acarian are represented in zoobenthos. In more deep-water
sections, in comparison with shallow waters, zoobenthos is poor and represented with only
oligochaetes (Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri, Lumbriculus variegatus, Tubifex tubifex) and larvae of
chironomids (Procladius ferrugineus and Chironomus plumosus).
The numbers of zoobenthos during growing season makes from 0.68 to 1.6 thous.
specimen/m2, the overall biomass is from 1.06 to 313.4 g/m2, at that, up to 95% of biomass is
provided by shellfish. The average biomass of feed zoobenthos (without big shellfish) made about 8
g/m2 in the 1990-ies and in the latest years it has not exceeded 2 g/m2.
In the lower part of the Gulf, in the area of underwater ground disposal, zoobenthos is
practically unavailable. The biomass of bottom animals is usually less than 0.1 g/m with dominance
of oligochaetes.
In July 2005, the zoobenthos of the explored water area of the Gulf of Vyborg was extremely
poor by qualitative and quantitative indices.
In the area of Pihtovaya bay, zoobenthos was represented by oligochaetes, larvae of
chironomides, polychaetes, flat worms and nematodes. The numbers of zoobenthos varied from
station to station from 0.20 to 0.56 thous. specimen/m2, biomass, from 0.12 to 0.27 g/m2. In average
in the area, the quantitative indices made 0.33 thous. specimen/m3 and 0.16 g/m, accordingly. By
number and by biomass, oligochaetes prevailed.
In the area of the approach channel, zoobenthos consisted of oligochaetes and larvae of
chironomides (Procladius ferrugineus and Chironomus plumosus). The numbers varied from station
to station from 0.12 to 0.68 thous. specimen/m2, biomass, from 0.22 to 2.38 g/cm2, in average by the
area, the quantitative indices made 0.29 thous. specimen/m2 and 1.15 g/m2, accordingly. By number
and by biomass, larvae of chironomides prevailed.
In the area of underwater disposal, benthic communities differed by specific poverty,
zoobenthos was represented only with single oligochaetes and nematodes. The numbers of
macrozoobenthos varied from station to station from 0.04 to 0.12 thous. specimen/m2, biomass, from
0.01 to 0.06 g/m2. In average in the area, the quantitative indices made 0.09 thous. specimen/m 2 and
0.11 g/m2.

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2.6 Socio-economic situation


The management of Vysotsk urban settlement municipal unit is focused at normal cultural
development associated with the infrastructure environment and realizes the necessity to more
actively promote information technologies. They, in particular, shall become the basis for
improvements in the cultural sphere. With their aid, wide access to cultural values will be open for
the inhabitants of the settlement, and, what is especially important, for young people. The
management of Vysotsk urban settlement municipal unit is engaged in international cooperation by
means of participating in joint arrangements provided by Vyborg district municipal unit of Leningrad
Region. In future, it is planned to construct a new up-to-date sport complex.

. .

. .

The social infrastructure of Vysotsk urban settlement municipal unit of Leningrad Region is
represented with the following objects:
the Town Library of Vysotsk
the training base for additional education for children Art School for Children
the Municipal Budgetary Pre-school Establishment Borovichok kindergarten of the town
of Vysotsk
Secondary school named after S.J. Rostocky of the town of Vysotsk.
The following objects are located within the territory of the school of the town of Vysotsk:
Stanislav J. Rostocky's Museum
Municipal Educational Establishment for additional education for children Children's
Music School of Sovetsky Settlement
coteries of the Municipal Educational Establishment for additional education for children
Children's Centre of Arts
3 coteries of the Municipal Educational Establishment for additional education for children
Children's House of Arts
2 coteries of the Municipal Educational Establishment for additional education for children
Children's Sports Centre of the town of Kamennogorsk
1 coterie of the Municipal Educational Establishment for additional education for children
Young Naturalists' Station.
On the basis of these establishments, 12 amateur groups and 3 amateur unions work, also there
is a music group called Juice in the town. The Amusement Park of Vyborg, groups Veresk (the
Heather) and Elfs (the Elves) and entrepreneurs also take part in organising public events.
Despite the small size of the settlement, here, primary music, choreographic education,
teaching the basics of painting and drawing and theatrical arts are available for children. The Town
Library of Vysotsk, Youth Council under Chief Manager and Municipal Educational establishment
Evening School named after S.J. Rostocky.
Youth policy is a system of generation of priorities and measures aimed at creation of
conditions and possibilities for successful socialization and effective self-actualization of youth for
development of its potential to the benefit of the town and the country. The youth of Vysotsk actively
participates in all the spheres of the town life, economics, politics, socially important projects. From
2009, the Youth Council and the Young Guard of the United Russia party operate in the town, which
initiate many activities (competitions, disco parties, holidays) for children, teenagers and youth. The
town youth participates in activities dedicated to the Victory Day, and also in regional and district
activities. Much is made of employment of teenagers, young people and students in summer time.
With each year recreation at Vysotsk is becoming more and more popular. People from various
parts of Russia and neighbour states wish to get rest at Vysotsk. A lot of places of interest, fresh air,
clean environment, hospitable townsmen ready to help and accommodate vacationists - all this as a
whole makes pleasant atmosphere for many of those who have rest. Recreation at Vysotsk has gained
its popularity and contributes to development of the town and population which grows with every

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year. Development of traffic, personnel skills, high population growth - all this is due to active rest at
Vysotsk which improves with each new season.

. .

. .

2.7

Specially protected areas (SPA)

In accordance with the data of the Natural Resources Committee of Leningrad Region, there
are no specially protected natural territories in the area of location of the Terminal.
At a distance of about 4.6 km, there is the state geological natural monument of regional
importance called Ostrov Gustoy (the Island of Gustoy).
The geological natural monument of regional importance Ostrov Gustoy was established in
1976.
Location: Vyborgsky district of Leningrad Region, 2 km to the west of the town of Vysotsk
and 7 km to south-west of the city of Vyborg (Figure 2.3).
Area: 54 hectares.
Purpose of establishment: The territory has been declared natural monument to preserve unique
egresses of rapakivi granites and original land forms, the "cowstones".
Documents: The Decree of the Leningrad Region Government dated 26 December 1996 No.
494 (with amendments).
Short description
The Island of Gustoy is U-shaped. The eastern coast of the island is abrupt (the height of cliff is
about 20 m), that is associated with tectonic disturbance (horst). The north-western end of the island
is a granite rock with the height of up to 30 m and length about 500 m, smoothed with glacier, the
typical cowstones. In other areas, there are polished rocks on which surfaces one can clearly see big
ovoids - round crystals of field spar edged with crystals of quartz and mica typical for rapakivi
granites. A picturesque bay plunges into the central part of the island. This bay is a favourite berth
for yachtsmen. A combination of water space and numerous woody islands with rock masses,
cowstones, indented coast line, narrow and long gulfs - all this makes the most picturesque landscape
of skerries specific to the coast of northern Scandinavia and non-specific to any other areas of
Leningrad Region.
Specially protected objects: cowstones land forms, rapakivi granites.
Security mode restricting economic activity: the following is forbidden: mining and digging of
granite, building fires.
At a distance of about 2.5 km, there is the state natural complex reserved forest of regional
importance Vyborgsky.
The state natural complex reserved forest of regional importance Vyborgsky was established in
1976.
Location: Vyborgsky district of Leningrad Region, 10 km to the north of the town of Primorsk
at Kiperort peninsula and a group of islands in the Gulf of Vyborg (Figure 2.3).
Area: 11295 hectares, out of them 6940 hectares are water area of the Gulf of Finland.
Purpose of establishment:
Keeping rich and varied natural complex of the islands of the Gulf of Vyborg with rare species
of plants and animals, sections of maritime vegetation of Kiperort peninsula and big brushing in the
suburbs of the settlement of Kamenka of the amphiatlantic species of swamp gale located at the
eastern boundary of the areal, places of aquatic bird mass staging area in Klyuchevsky bay on spring
flight, spawning grounds of valuable food fish species, protection of landscape and plants of the
islands, rare species of plants and animals.

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Figure 2.3 - Location of SPA

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Documents: The Decree of the Leningrad Region Government dated 16 August 2004 No. 157.
Short description
The reserved forest is located at the southern end of the Baltic fundamental crystalline
formations and occupies the littoral part of the Gulf of Finland and the Gulf of Vyborg, the northern
part of Kiperort peninsula, the island of Lisyi, adjacent small islands. Undulating and horseback land
features distinct north-western orientation. The coastal line is strongly indented. On several islands
there are rocky egresses of granites (eskers). Pine forests prevail: with green moss, blackberry, red
billberry and blackberry, heather and batfish. Spruce forests are considerably rare. Msharas and bogs
are associated with lows including suffruticous-cottongrass-acid, meadow-acid bogs. On some
islands there are small areas of broad-leaved forests of oaks, ash-trees and lindens. Sticky alder
forests and maritime meadows are associated with coasts. Shallow-water backwashes and low coasts
overgrow with the rush and the reed. As to its floristic composition, sea banks and maritime
meadows with a complex of species (including the rare ones) of psammophilous and halophilous
plants are interesting. One can quite often see the moss fern which is more specific for the north of
Karelian Isthmus. Coastal shallow waters are places of spawning and feed of many species of fish:
the Baltic herring, the smelt, the cisco, the perch, the bream, the pike perch and the eel. Quite often
there are approaches of the Baltic bank cod and also other sea fish including the garfish, the
lumpfish, seldom of the herring-twaite shad. Of the amphibias, the crested newt is worth mentioning,
of the reptiles, the grass-snake, common for the littoral area of the gulf. The abundance of bird fauna
is associated with penetration of many species of maritime and near water birds of the central and
western parts of the Baltics, and also mass flight over this territory by planktonic and land migrants.
Out of rare species, the following were registered at nesting: the brant goose, the bluebill, the oyster
catcher, the herbalist, the turnstone, the dunlin, the seagull, the polar, the small and the black terns,
the Caspian tern. The shallow water area near Kiperort peninsula serves as a place of mass spring
staging area for the flight whooping swan and the tundra fish duck, the river duck and the diving
duck. Out of the latter, the most mass are the long-tail duck, the scoter, the velvet scoter, the bluebill,
the bullhead. Geese fly in big quantities, and also the brent goose and the barnacle goose, seagulls,
various species of snipes, the common crane, the Arctic loon and the red-throated loon, the greatcrested grebe and the red-necked grebe. Autumn migration of land birds is extremely intense
including the most part of species of sparrows, doves (ring doves, stock doves), peckers and owls.
Apart from ordinary species of mammals, here, several types of bats are registered, the great number
of which is due to their concentration on spring and autumn flights as well.
Protected objects and security mode
Specially protected objects of the modern land form piled by rocky materials, natural
complexes of Klyuchevskaya bay in the shallow water littoral area close to settlement Pribylovo and
in its northern part in the area of bank lands Hatsari, Runaluoto, Valtnuori, Hanninen, Pahokari as
places of staging areas and feeding of aquatic birds, big brushing of bog gales in the bay in the
suburbs of the settlement of Kamenka, large populations of the chive at the coast of Kiperort
peninsula, breeding colonies of birds, areas of coasts with complexes of littoral psammophilous and
littoral and water halophilous plants, rare species of plants and animals: the Valenberg's water
plantain, the chive, the dwarf cornel, the androgynous crowberry, the dyer's weed, the littoral
centaury, the sea aster, the maritime and the elder-leaved allheal, the dog's-mercury, Carex
pseudocyperus, the sea milkwort, the grass-snake, the pectinate newt, the lesser white-fronted goose,
the brant goose, the barnacle goose, the mute swan, all species of birds of prey and owls, all species
of bats, the European mink.
Security mode restricting economic activity:
The following is forbidden: bleeding; storage of bark residue; mushroom gathering, fruit
collection, seed harvesting, collection of crude drugs for commercial and industrial purposes; traffic
of motor transport excluding the one of fully formed highway network; parking of motor transport in
the water protection zone of the Gulf of Finland, but for specially allotted places; arrangement of
dumps, pollution of the territory and water area of the Gulf of Finland with waste and garbage; use of

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small-sized motor vessels in the water area of Klyuchevskaya bay and around the islands of the Gulf
of Vyborg up to 5 meter isobatic curve, but for fishing vessels approaching the places where fixed
fishing gears are arranged; use of small-sized motor vessels in the water area of Klyuchevskaya bay
but for fairway from 15 April to 15 July; spring fowling; winter hunt with the use of traps and
poisoned jigs; stay at the places of migration staging areas and mass nesting of aquatic and near
water birds during migrations and breeding from 15 April to 15 July; building fires outside specially
equipped sites.

. .

. .

2.8 Plant Life Charateristic


Design area is in the northwest of Karelian Isthmus, in the Gulf of Finland shoreland. The area
considered is an archipelago comprising a number of islands in a bay protected from direct water
effect by Kiperort Peninsula. The archipelago islands differ greatly in size, the largest in the area
being Vysotsky Island and Lisy and Shkolny Islands. Most islands and the northern half of Kiperort
Peninsula comprise part of Local Integrated Reserve Vyborgsky.
In design area, pine forests prevail: moss, myrtillus type, vaccinium-myrtillus type, ericetal,
rays. To low areas, msharas and wetlands are restricted: suffruticous-cottongrass-sphagnum, sedgesphagnum. To beaches, sticky alder forests and coastal meadows are restricted. Shallow backwaters
and low beaches overgrow with rush and bulrush.
In the area considered, grows a large amount of rare and protected species of vascular plants: 4
species are included into Red Data Book of the RSFSR (plants) (1988): Wahlenberg alisma
(Alisma wahlenbergii), Baltic dactylorhiza (Dactylorhiza baltica), barbed sporules quillwort (Isetes
setacea) and swamp gale (Myrica gale). Nine species are listed into Red Data Book of the Leningrad
Region Nature (plants and fungus) (2000) in addition to above-mentioned, these are chive (Allium
schoenoprasum), littoral centaury (Centaurium littorale), dyers woad (Isatis tinctoria), dwarf cornel
(Chamaepericlymenum suecicum) and sea aster (Tripolium vulgare). Fifteen species are enlisted into
Red Data Book of the East Fennoscandia (1998)) and thirteen species into Red Data Book of the
Baltic Region (1993)).
Wahlenberg alisma. In Russia it only grows in Vyborg District of the Leningrad Region mainly
along the shores of the Gulf of Finland at the depth of 1.3 to 1.5 metres. The species is very particular
about water body cleanness and cannot stand its pollution or roiling.
Baltic dactylorhiza. In the Leningrad Region it is found at the northern boundary of the range.
On Karelian Isthmus in two points, one of them being Vysotsky Island.
Barbed sporules quillwort. In the Leningrad Region it is quite often encountered, mainly on
Karelian Isthmus, where it prefers water bodies with clean sandy bottom, however in the area
considered it is encountered in silty floodable beach of the Gulf of Finland between the strip covered
with common reed (Phragmites australis) and coastal sticky alder forest. The species is very
particular about water body cleanness and cannot stand its pollution or roiling.
Swamp gale. In the Leningrad Region it is mainly encountered on beaches and islands of the
Gulf of Finland. At present, swamp gale population is outside development area and is well
preserved. Swamp gale grows among common reed, bentgrass (Agrostis straminea), sharp-leaved
uncina (Carex acuta), marsh parsley (Thyselium palustre), meadowsweet (Filipendula ulmaria),
marsh arrow grass (Triglochin palustre), marsh bedstraw (Galium palustre), grass of Parnassus
(Parnassia palustris) and other moisture-loving species typical for swamp gale assemblages.
Chive. In the Leningrad Region it mainly grows on the Gulf of Finland beaches and islands.
Littoral centaury. In the Leningrad Region it is only encountered on the Gulf of Finland
beaches and islands.
Dyers woad. In the Leningrad Region it is only encountered on the Gulf of Finland beaches
and islands.

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Among ruderal plants, next to dyer's woad, grow curled thistle (Carduus crispus), cotton
burdock (Arctium tomentosum), felon herb (Artemisia vulgaris), snakeflower (Lamium album),
winter cress (Barbarea vulgaris), wild chervil (Anthryscus sylvestris).
Dwarf cornel. In the Leningrad Region it is mainly encountered on the Gulf of Finland beaches
and islands.
Sea aster. Obligatory halophilous species, in the Leningrad Region only grows on the Gulf of
Finland beaches and islands.
The main limiting factor in the area considered is beaches development, drain of coastal marsh,
pollution of the Gulf of Finland littoral part, trampling down.

2.9 Wild Animals Characteristic


Amphibia and Reptiles
Of the number of amphibia, special mention shall be made of crested newt, and of reptiles grass snake quite common in littoral bay.
Avifauna
Abundance of avifauna is due to many species of sea and semi-aquatic birds transfer from
central and western parts of the Baltic states and to wide-scale pass over the territory of natatorial and
terrestrial migrants. Of rare species, the following birds have been noticed nesting: brent goose,
bluebill, oyster catcher, redshank, turnstone, dunlin, cob, arctic, little and black terns, Caspian tern. In
great numbers geese, brant and barnacle goose, sea gulls, different species of sandpipers, common
crane, black- and red-throated diver, great-crested and red-necked grebes pass. Very high is autumn
migration of terrestrial birds most species of passerines, pigeons (ringdove, stock dove),
woodpeckers and owls. In addition to common species of mammals, they have noticed here several
species of night bats whose abundance is also due to their concentration during spring and autumn
pass.

. .

. .

Fauna of Nestling Birds


In addition to breeding species, to conventionally local fauna belongs a group of migratory
birds as these birds spend part or entire summer season in the vicinity of Vysotsky Island. They are
not numerous. Of rare species here belong nominotypical subspecies of black-throated diver Gavia a.
arctica (listed in the Red Data Book of the Russian Federation and local editions), pintail Anas acuta
(Red Data Book of the Baltic Region RDBB, Red Data Book of the Leningrad Region - RDBLR),
gadwall Anas strepera, occasionally getting to the bay white-tailed eagle Heliaeetus albicilla (IUCN,
Red Data Book of the Russian Federation - RDBRF, RDBB, Red Data Book of the East
Fennoscandia - RDBEF, RDBLR), fish-hawk Pandion haliaetus (IUCN, RDBRF, RDBB, RDBEF,
RDBLR), curlew Numeniua arquata (RDBRF, RDBB, RDBLR), oyster catcher of nominotypical
subspecies Haematopus o. ostralegus, Caspian tern Sterna caspia (IUCN, RDBRF, RDBB, RDBEF,
RDBLR), least tern (RDBRF, RDBB, RDBLR) and gray-headed woodpecker Picus canus (RDBB,
RDBEF, RDBLR).
Of the species quite common for the Gulf of Finland and Europe black cormorant
(Phalacrocorax carbo), mute swan (Cygnus olor), wigeon (Anas penelope) and whimbrel (Numenius
phaeopus). Apparently, here should also belong foresters and swampy-forest species of birds that do
not nest on islands but come here to feed or during young birds late summer migration and wintering.
These are black game (Lyrurus tetrix), possibly, capercaillie (Tetrao urogalus), common crane (Grus
grus), goshawk (Accipiter gentilis), golden plover (Pluvialis apricaria), cob (Larus marinus) and
kingfisher (Alcedo attis).
As for the estimate of abundance (rare/common), it is not only connected with actual species
rareness (for example, for the territory of the Leningrad Region or Karelian Isthmus) but more with

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insular systems small capacity. All the Vyborg Bay islands have limited capacity with respect to both
cache and areas suitable for nidification. That is the reason of their special vulnerability from the
point of view of man-induced pressing. Transect data indicate that nidification density for most
terrestrial bird species is 2 to 3 times lower than that on the mainland.
Nidification of aquatic and semi-aquatic species is limited by the Vyborg Bay deep waters and
low food capacity. In the area of Vysotsky Island even in the areas overgrown with emergent
vegetation (mainly rush, quite often thinned) depths reach 1-1.5 metres which prevents dabbling duck
feeding. Macrophyte underbrush in numerous bays and straits is as a rule thinned, silts on shingly
rocky bottom are thin. On the whole, most favourable for natatorial nidification areas occupy small
territories (for example, between Vysotsky and Kozliny, Vysotsky and Svobodny Islands, coastline
and Tyoply, Vesenniy, Sennoi Islands. Such species of diving ducks-cavity nesters as bullhead and
common merganser cannot find old hollow trees on the islands. Semi-aquatic birds (first of all,
sandpipers) do not have enough open spaces (too tallgrass meadows, narrow and short strip of
shingly and sandy beaches), silty sandbanks. For sea gulls and terns, nidification is also limited by
insufficiency of dry land open space and depths (fishing difficulty). To some extent are exceptional
southern land tongues of Vysotsky Island (cape Karavai) and smaller islands (for example,
Gryadovy, Travny) or very small nameless accompanying luds available at nearly every small or
medium-size island.
Among important findings of new species is that of nesting common eider in the vicinity of
Bolshoi Vysotsky Island. Before, this goose barnacle species was only found breeding outside the
Vyborg Bay, in particular, on Tsepnoi, Bolshaya Otmel and Rondo Islands in Berezovykh
archipelago. This finding draws the breeding range area directly to Bolshoi Vysotsky Island.
Common eider is a very rare nesting species in the Russian part of the Baltic territory and Lake
Ladoga; the species is enlisted into Red Data Book of the Leningrad Region. As of today, on the
islands of the Gulf of Finland central and eastern parts and Ladoga north-west, nest 80 to150 pairs of
eider (Buzun, 2005). The species also extremely rarely pass the islands. In spring not more than 10
units of eider pass over the Vyborg Bay on the way to the north.

. .

. .

Fauna of Migratory Birds


One of the branches of the vast White Sea-Baltic Sea flight route via which annually millions
of birds of different species, mainly Arctic natatorials, fly to polar regions in spring and back in
autumn passes through the Vyborg Bay. Vysotsky Island occupies key position with respect to flight
route. In spring birds entering the Gulf of Finland are then pulled into the Vyborg Bay as if it were a
funnel, and Vysotsky Island is on their way forming the first noticeable narrowing of bay, looking
from south-west to north-east. Migrants have to either stop here, or envelope dry land, or increase
flight altitude to 500 to 3000 metres. In autumn, when flying from north-east, migrant flow
concentration is less pronounced, however, mighty flow of goose barnacle flying along Vuoksa river
system from the east continue their way over the Gulf and Vysotsky Island. Here they make much
fewer stops and prefer to pass Vysotsky Island increasing their altitude.
Another peculiarity of birds migration in the vicinity of Vysotsky Island is directed continuous
bird migration, especially in autumn. This kind of migration is especially characteristic of arctic
species of natatorials and is called migrational salvoes (or on/off migration). In practical terms it
means that within short time periods multitudes of birds pass over the island and its vicinity,
followed by multi-day off-peak periods. In the vicinity of Vysotsky Island, typical migration stops
(the so-called stop-overs) characterized by 2 to 3 week birds feeding in order to build up sufficient
energy reserves for the next migration stage, are made by divers, looms, swans and goose barnacle.
Spring is characterized by specific circumstances. In the Vyborg Bay, spring weather
conditions cause the circumstances when entire April natatorials arriving from the west and southwest (mostly, divers, looms, swans and goose barnacle) have insufficient open water. In case of cold
spell quite often abmigration takes place. Ice-holes are formed every year in the same water area
points which results in formation of compact migrating clusters of aquatic birds. Of special value are
stops within Reserve Vyborgsky, as it is here (Klyuchevsky Bay and to the south-east of Lisy

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island) that rare species of arctic migrants (looms, swans) are concentrated, or collect extraordinary
numbers of units of common species (for example, divers). One of the largest stops of whooping
swans and tundra swans is in close vicinity of Vysotsky Island, in the Bay of Samolanlakhti.
In May stop-overs break up or become short-termed and on/off-migration starts. Dabbling
ducks and diving-ducks covering small distances (for example, frying to the Ladoga, Karelia) form
small flocks in some enclosed bays and river estuaries, but such mixed flocks do not last long.
In autumn flying is mainly on/off type, natatorial stops, if any, are not numerous and do not
last long. As a rule, dozens of looms or dozens or hundreds of goose barnacle flock offshore.
Quantitatively Vysotsky Island locking the bay position results in the fact that over it and
close to it to the south or north of it - pass practically all birds migrating through the Vyborg Bay.
In some seasons, arctic natatorials can pass Vysotsky Island in quantities twice smaller than
usual, as on some not yet clear reasons part of the birds cross Karelian Isthmus southward or travel
via Finland. Another reason for numerosity drop may be birds survivability on wintering grounds or
parturiating on breeding grounds. These numerosity drops shall be accounted for as an essential part
of bird world population can suffer from unavailability of stop grounds.
As it was already mentioned above, autumn stopping grounds of migrant birds around
Vysotsky Island and adjacent islands are not diverse in what concerns both species composition and
number. Multitudes of birds approaching the island from the upper reaches of the Vyborg Bay pass
the island in transit. In August on its entire territory there can only be encountered some hundreds of
dabbling ducks (mainly, mallards and teals), in September the figure goes down to dozens of units.
Their main packings are formed in rush thickets between Vysotsky and Kozliny Islands, between
Vysotsky and Svobodny Islands, from Sovetsky to Sennoi Island, in river Gorokhovka estuary, in
Malaya Pikhtovaya bay and some other bays. A little more frequently in adjacent waters stop divingducks, especially goose barnacle. At the end of September in October in total up to five hundred
long-tailed ducks, black scoter, scoter, bluebill and bullheads crowd in open water 1 to 3 km to the
east of Vysotsky Island (on bench land Kukhaluoto and in the vicinity of Gryadovy Island), and to
the west of Vysotsky Island (in Bolshoy Tranzundsky roadstead). To the south of Vysotsky Island
there have been noticed small packings of tufted ducks and bluebills, bullheads. But these stops are
not durable. Whooping swans and tundra swans make short stops in the Bay of Samolanlakhti,
Klyuchevsky Bay and to the south-east of Lisy Island, i.e. on spring concentration grounds.
No dwelling places of Red Data Book plants or animals are present in the design area.

2.10

Cultural Heritage Resources

In Terminal design area, no historical or cultural monuments, objects of cultural heritage have
been found.

Mineral Resources

By the data provided by Department on Subsurface Resources Management for Northwestern


Federal District, within design area boundaries there are no deposits of non-widespread mineral
deposits, listed in National Register or National Cadastre of Mineral Deposits. Widespread mineral
deposits listed in National Register are not present.

. .

. .

2.11

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3.

THE FACILITY'S IMPACTS ON THE ENVIRONMENT

3.1 The Facility's Impact On the Atmosphere


3.1.1 The Facility's impact on the atmosphere during the construction period
During construction and installation of the Facility, the impact on the atmosphere will include
pollutant emissions from construction machinery, trucks, welding and painting operations etc.
The total period of the Terminal construction including the preparatory period shall be 24
months (quarter IV 2015 - quarter IV 2017). The LNG Complex construction period shall also
include the construction of auxiliary structures such as LNG shipment zone, a waterfront, onshore
facilities etc.
The list of equipment and operations impacting the atmosphere are given in Table 3.1.1,
according to the construction stages.
Table 3.1.1 - List of equipment impacting the atmosphere during construction of facilities
and structures

. .

. .

Item
no.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

Machinery, mechanisms or
processes
Bulldozer
Bulldozer
Tractor
Bus
Dump truck
Dump truck
Eight-wheel dump truck
Truck tractor
Tractor lorry
Road roller
Road motor roller
Wheel-mounted crane
Truck-mounted crane
Truck-mounted crane
Truck-mounted crane
Truck-mounted crane
Pipelayer crane
Crawler crane
Crawler crane
Truck-mounted hydraulic hoist
Lift truck
High sided truck
Concrete mixer truck

Brand or type

-170.41
DZ-42
-100
PAZ-672
KAMAZ-55111
KAMAZ-55111
KAMAZ-6540
KAMAZ-5460
KAMAZ-5410
DU
DU-3P
KS-4574
KS-55713
LIEBHERR LTM- 1090
LIEBHERR LTM- 1250
LIEBHERR LG-1550
Kamatsu PC-300
RDK-25
DEK-401
AGP-2204, AGP-18
T-30
KAMAZ-5320
SB-72-1 mounted on
KAMAZ-55111 wheelbase
Filling and hydrostatic testing unit ASN-1000
Electric vibrators
IV-119, IV-91
Vibratory Pile Driver
Muller MS-25H
Compressor
PR-10
Gas cutting and welding machine
Gas welding machine
Welding group
ADD-4001
Welding machine
ADD-3112
Rectifier welding machine
VD 1002 (6 stations)
Automatic welding machine
Pile driving rig
Junttan -250
Gamma flaw detector
Ultrasonic flaw detector
Bitumen boiler
Painting unit
S-4,S-74
Transformer welder
TDM-500
Compactor

Parameter

Q-ty, pcs.

Source

N=125kW
70 kW
79 kW
45 passengers
10t
10t
19t
40 t
19t
44 kW
44 kW
169 kW
176 kW
350 kW
180 kW
240 kW
180 kW, crawler
74 kW
90 kW
116 kW
95 kW
21 t
8t

5
1
1
1
2
3
10
2
3
2
5
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
1
2

6201
6201
6201
6202
6202
6202
6202
6202
6202
6201
6201
6203
6203
6203
6203
6203
6203
6203
6203
6204
6204
6202
6202

213 kW

2
6
2
3
3
2
2
2
3
2
2
2
2
2
6
6
4

0201
6201
0202 -0204
6206, 6207
6206, 6207
-

150 kW
73 kW

37 kW
25 kW

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-

49

. .
.
. .

Operation of diesel plants will result in air emissions of the following substances: nitrogen
dioxide, nitrogen oxide, carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide, kerosene, black carbon (soot),
formaldehyde, benzo(a)pyrene (sources 0201-0204, 6206-6207).
Operation of construction machinery will result in air emissions of the following substances:
carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, nitrogen oxide, kerosene, black carbon (soot), sulphur dioxide
(sources 6201, 6203-6204).
Truck transport traffic on internal passages will result in air emissions of the following
substances: nitrogen dioxide, nitrogen oxide, carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide, (petroleum, lowsulphur) benzine (source 6202).
Painting will result in air emissions of the following substances: propane-2-one (acetone), butyl
acetate, butan-1-ol (n-butyl alcohol), ethanol (ethyl alcohol), methyl benzene (toluene), 2ethoxyethanol (ethyl cellosolve, ethylene glycol ethyl ether), dimethylbenzene (xylene) (mixture of
o-, m-, p-isomers), white-spirit, suspended particles (source 6211).
Welding will result in air emissions of the following substances: iron oxide, manganese and its
compounds, chromium (VI) oxide, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, gaseous fluorides, poorly
soluble fluorides, inorganic dust: 70-20% Si02 (source 6210).
Refueling of construction machinery using a diesel fuel and gasoline tank truck will result in air
emissions of the following pollutants: hydrogen sulfide, saturated hydrocarbons 1-5, saturated
hydrocarbons 6-10, saturated hydrocarbons 12-19, amylene, benzene, xylene, toluene, ethyl
benzene (source 6205).
Inert material loading and unloading will result in air emissions of the following pollutants:
inorganic dust 70-20% SiO2 (source 6209).
Bitumen preparation process, particularly bitumen heating, will result in air emissions of the
following pollutants: nitrogen dioxide, black carbon (soot), sulphur dioxide, carbon monoxide, oil
ash (source 6208).
During construction of hydraulic engineering structures and onshore facilities, floating cranes,
diving boats, ice tow-boats and tow-boats of various power are used. Operation of engineering
floating crafts will result in air emissions of the following substances: carbon monoxide, nitrogen
dioxide, nitrogen oxide, kerosene, black carbon (soot), sulphur dioxide, formaldehyde,
benzo(a)pyrene (source 6209).
16 sources in total during construction have been identified, 4 of which are point sources and
12 of which are fugitive emissions sources.
Emissions during construction include 26 polluting ingredients, 6 of which are solids and 20 of
which are liquid or gaseous substances.
Some emitted substances form groups having an impact summation effect, such as:
6006 Nitrogen dioxide, and oxide, oil ash, sulphur dioxide
6035 Hydrogen sulfide, formaldehyde
6043 Sulphur dioxide and hydrogen sulphide
6046 Carbon monoxide and cement dust
6204 Sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide
6205 Sulphur dioxide and fluorine hydride
The total amount of construction emissions is 93.225090 t, of which: 6.927927 t of solids and
86.297163 t of liquid and gaseous substances.
Gross emissions of pollutants during the construction period, according to construction stages,
are given in Table 3.1.2.
Table 3.1.2 - Gross emissions of pollutants during the construction period
Substance
code
0123
0143
0203
0301

Criterion used
name
Iron oxide
Manganese and its compounds
Chromium (hexavalent chrome)
Nitrogen dioxide (nitrogen (IV) oxide)

MPC, av. daily


One-time MPC
MPC, av. daily
One-time MPC

Criterion
value,
mg/m3
0.040000
0.010000
0.001500
0.200000

Hazard Total emissions


class
g/sec
t/period
3
0.0002214 0.000920
2
0.0000147 0.000110
1
0.0000133 0.000140
3
1.1465273 34.663070

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50

0304
0328
0330
0333
0337
0342
0616
0621
0703
1042
1061
1119
1210
1325
1401
2704
2732
2752
2754
2902
2904
2908

Nitrogen (II) oxide (nitrogen oxide)


One-time MPC
Carbon (soot)
One-time MPC
Sulphur dioxide (sulfurous anhydride)
One-time MPC
dihydrosulfide (hydrogen sulphide)
One-time MPC
Carbon monoxide
One-time MPC
Gaseous fluorides
One-time MPC
Dimethylbenzene (Xylene)
One-time MPC
Methyl benzene (Toluene)
One-time MPC
Benzo(a)pyrene (3,4-benzopyrene)
MPC, av. daily
butan-1-ol (n-butyl alcohol)
One-time MPC
Ethanol (Ethyl alcohol)
One-time MPC
2-ethoxyethanol
(Ethyl
cellosolve, TSEL
Ethylene glycol ethyl ether)
Butyl acetate
One-time MPC
Formaldehyde
One-time MPC
Propane-2-one (Acetone)
One-time MPC
Petroleum benzene
One-time MPC
Kerosene
TSEL
White spirit
TSEL
Saturated hydrocarbons 12-19
One-time MPC
Suspended substances
One-time MPC
Oil ash produced by heat power plants (in MPC, av. daily
terms of vanadium)
Inorganic dust: 70-20% Si2
One-time MPC
Substances in total: 26
incl. solids: 6
liquid/gaseous substances: 20

0.400000
0.150000
0.500000
0.008000
5.000000
0.020000
0.200000
0.600000
0.000001
0.100000
5.000000
0.700000

3
3
3
2
4
2
3
3
1
3
4

0.1858653
0.2083837
0.6748219
0.0000244
1.3446142
0.0000298
0.0499861
0.0212963
0.0000005
0.0097260
0.0129680
0.0048556

5.609648
5.945189
4.605414
0.002414
31.550428
0.000313
0.081441
0.030624
0.000000
0.006076
0.006060
0.009706

0.100000
0.035000
0.350000
5.000000
1.200000
1.000000
1.000000
0.500000
0.002000

4
2
4
4

0.0042593
0.0040161
0.0097260
0.0011500
0.3142176
0.0114310
0.0086943
0.0073622
0.0000815

0.005750
0.003571
0.019578
0.002279
8.812955
0.028240
0.859486
0.015755
0.000133

0.300000

0.0350000
4.0552865
0.2510621
3.8042244

0.965790
93.225090
6.927927
86.297163

4
3
2

Emission calculations are made based on the effective methods and using recommended
programs (List of Atmospheric Pollutant Emission Calculation Methods Used in 2014 For Rationing
and Determining Amounts of Atmospheric Emissions of Harmful (Polluting) Substances put into
effect by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation (Minprirody
of Russia) (Letter No.12-46/709 dd. January 25, 2010):
Calculations of emissions from construction machinery have been made using the Integral's
ATP-Ecolog software (version 3.0) where the following methods are implemented:
Method for Atmospheric Emission Inventory for Motor Transport Enterprises (calculation
method), Moscow, 1998 (Sections 2, 3.1, 3.3, 3.12-3.15).
Method for Atmospheric Emission Inventory for Motor Vehicle Repair Enterprises
(calculation method) Moscow, 1998 (Sections 3.5, 3.12).

. .

. .

Method for Atmospheric Emission Inventory for Road-Building Machinery Depots


(calculation method) Moscow, 1998 (Sections 2, 3.3).
Supplements to the Methods and Guidance Manual for Atmospheric Emission Calculating,
Rationing, and Monitoring, Saint-Petersburg, 2002, (para. 1.6.1.2).
Calculations of emissions from truck transport have been made using the Integral's ATPEcolog software (version 3.0).
Calculations of emissions resulting from welding operations have been made using the
Integral's Svarka (Welding) software, version 2.1 where the following methods are implemented:
Method for Calculations of Atmospheric Pollutant Release (Emissions) Resulting from
Welding Operations (Based On Specific Indicators), Saint-Petersburg, 1997.
Guidance Manual for Atmospheric Emission Calculating, Rationing, and Monitoring, SaintPetersburg, 2005 (para.1.6.10)
Calculations of emissions from diesel plants and engineering floating crafts have been made
using the Integral's Diesel software, version 2.0 where the following methods are implemented:

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Method for Calculation of Atmospheric Emissions from Stationary Diesel Plants, SaintPetersburg, 2001.

. .

. .

Guidance Manual for Atmospheric Emission Calculating, Rationing, and Monitoring, SaintPetersburg, 2005 (para. 1.6.9).
Calculations of emissions resulting from refueling of construction machinery have been
made using the Integral's AZS-Ecolog software, where the following methods are implemented:
Guidance Manual For Defining Atmospheric Emissions from Tanks, Kazan, Novopolotsk,
Moscow, 1997 (except for paras. 5.1.3, 5.1.4, 5.4, 5.5).
Supplement to the Guidance Manual.... Saint-Petersburg, Research and Development
Institute "Atmosfera", 1999.
Guidance Letter from Research and Development Institute "Atmosfera" No. 610/33-07 dd.
September 29, 2000.
Guidance Manual for Atmospheric Emission Calculating, Rationing, and Monitoring, SaintPetersburg, 2005 (para. 2.6.2).
Methods for Defining Atmospheric Emissions At Enterprises of Goskomnefteprodukt of
Russia, Astrakhan, 1988 (calculation for natural gas filling stations).
Calculations of emissions resulting from inert material handling have been made using the
Integral's RNV-Ecolog software (version 3.2.1.38), where the following methods are implemented:
Guidance Manual for Calculation of Fugitive Emissions Resulting from Construction
Material Production, Novorossiysk, 2002.
Guidance Manual for Atmospheric Emission Calculating, Rationing, and Monitoring, SaintPetersburg, 2005.
Calculations of emissions resulting from painting and varnishing have been made using the
Integral's Lakokraska (Painting and Vanishing) software (version 2.0) where the following methods
are implemented:
Method for Calculations of Atmospheric Pollutant Release (Emissions) Resulting from
Application of Paint Materials (Based On Specific Emission Values), Saint-Petersburg, 1997.
Guidance Manual for Atmospheric Emission Calculating, Rationing, and Monitoring, SaintPetersburg, 2005, (para. 1.6.5).
Calculations of emissions resulting from bitumen preparation have been made using the
Integral's AZS-Ecolog software, where the following methods are implemented:
Procedure for Atmospheric Emission Inventory for Coating Plants (calculation method),
Moscow, 1998.
The data of design inventory may be used to:
calculate pollutant dissipation in the atmosphere
substantiate the allowability of pollutant source impacts on the environment.
3.1.1.1 Results of calculations of pollutant ground level concentrations during the construction
Preliminary calculations of pollutant dissipation in the atmosphere have been made to assess
the impact of pollutant emissions to the atmosphere.
The calculation of maximum pollutant ground level concentrations has been carried out based
on the OND-86 procedure using Unified Software For Calculation of Atmospheric Pollution Degree
"Ecolog", version 3.0, by Integral for the summer season by successive selection of all wind
directions and speeds required for the region and with account of pollutant background
concentrations.
Calculations of pollutant dissipation in the atmosphere have been made in the local coordinate
system, within a calculation area of 5000x5000 m and with a grid pitch of 200 m.
Calculations have been made for 27 ingredients (6 solids and 21 liquid and gaseous substances)
and 6 summation groups.

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Control points have been defined at the boundary of the nearest settlements to assess and
monitor emission impacts. The list of control points and their coordinates on the schematic map are
given in Table 3.1.3.
Table 3.1.3 - List of control points and their coordinates on the schematic map
Item

Point coordinates (m)


X
Y

Height
(m)

82319.00

22057.00

82316.00

22666.00

82437.00

23888.00

82276.00

24709.00

82403.00

25146.00

Point type

Note

at the boundary of the


residential area
at the boundary of the
residential area
at the boundary of the
residential area
at the boundary of the
residential area
at the boundary of the
residential area

Vysotsk (2.5 km from the site)


Settlement Pikhtovoye (2.5 km from the site)
Settlement Popovo (500 m from the gas pipeline
route)
Settlement Cherkasovo (500 m from the gas
pipeline route)
Settlement Perovo (500 m from the gas pipeline
route)

Calculated values for pollutant ground level concentrations at all control points are given in
Table 3.1.4.
Table 3.1.4 - Pollutant ground level concentrations resulted from emissions during construction
(Stage 1) with account of background concentrations
Pollutant
Code

Name

No.
ref. point

0123
0143
0203
0301
0304
0328
0330
0333
0337
0342
0616
0621
0703

Iron oxide
Manganese and its compounds
Chromium (hexavalent chrome)
Nitrogen dioxide
Nitrogen oxide
Carbon (soot)
Sulphur dioxide
dihydrosulfide (hydrogen sulphide)
Carbon monoxide
Gaseous fluorides
Dimethylbenzene (Xylene)
Methyl benzene (Toluene)
Benzo(a)pyrene (3,4-benzopyrene)

2
2
2
3
3
3
2
2
3
2
2
2
3

Calculated max.
Background
concentration
concentration (parts of MPC) within the
(parts of MPC) residential area, with account
of the background
0.0001
0.0002
0.0001
0.28
0.5500
0.0200
0.0600
0.02
0.0900
0.0001
0.36
0.3720
0.0002
0.0100
0.0019
0.0032

. .

. .

Pollutant
No.
ref. point

Code

Item

1042
1061
1119

Butan-1-ol (n-butyl alcohol)


2
Ethanol (Ethyl alcohol)
2
2-ethoxyethanol (Ethyl cellosolve, Ethylene glycol 2
ethyl ether)
Butyl acetate
2
Formaldehyde
3
Propane-2-one (Acetone)
2
Petroleum benzene
2
Kerosene
3
White spirit
2
Saturated hydrocarbons
2

1210
1325
1401
2704
2732
2752
2754

Background
concentration
(parts of MPC)
_

Calculated max.
concentration (parts of
MPC) within the
residential area, with
account of the background
0.0051
0.0001
0.0004
0.0022
0.0082
0.0015
0.0002
0.0100
0.0006
0.0004

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2902
2904

0.28
-

0.2810
0.0002

2908
6006

Suspended substances
2
Oil ash produced by heat power plants (in terms of 2
vanadium)
Inorganic dust: 70-20% Si02
2
Nitrogen dioxide and oxide, oil ash, sulphur dioxide
3

0.0031
0.3400

6035
6043
6046
6204
6205

Hydrogen sulfide, formaldehyde


Sulphur dioxide and hydrogen sulphide
Carbon monoxide and cement dust
Sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide
Sulphur dioxide and fluorine hydride

0.0083
0.0600
0.0100
0.2000
0.0400

3
2
2
3
2

The analysis of calculation results has shown that for all pollutants released during construction
maximum ground level concentrations at the boundary of the nearest residential area do not go
beyond the MPC with account of background concentrations.
The analysis of calculation results proves that pollutant emissions to the atmosphere during
construction make an allowable contribution to the atmospheric pollution level.
3.1.1.2 Environmental measures
The following measures shall be taken to reduce atmospheric emissions during the construction
of the Terminal:
regulated conditions of construction and installation operations
monitoring of adherence to the operating procedures
use of machines in a good operating condition and mechanisms with adjusted fuel systems
which allow for pollutant release together with exhaust gases within the predefined limit
soil shall be moistened in the summer season to control dust during earthwork
in case of transporting bulk construction materials, soil, or construction waste, special
canvas covers shall be put on the truck body to prevent rising of dust from bulk materials being
transported.

3.1.2 Facility's Impact on the Atmosphere and Characteristics of Atmospheric


Emission Sources during Operation

. .

. .

3.1.2.1 Characteristics of atmospheric emission sources during operation


Main type of impacts on the airshed during the Terminal operation is atmospheric emissions
from the sources located on the plant and adjoining areas.
During the Terminal operation, atmospheric emission sources will be such as:
a flaring system
TPP gas turbine generators
diesel generators
an acid gas incineration unit
an acid gas removal unit
a liquid waste incineration unit
ventilation emissions from processing equipment buildings
a diesel fuel storage area, separate diesel fuel containers
fresh amine storage area
leaks in plant processing and auxiliary equipment lines
motor vehicle engines
engines of vessels and supporting fleet.
Point sources of atmospheric emissions from the LNG plant and thermal power plant (TPP) are
the following:

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. .

. .

ventilating ducts
relief valves of processing vessels for methanol or diesel fuel, flare stacks as a part of low- /
high-pressure flaring systems
an acid gas incinerator fume stack, a hot oil heater fume stack etc.
Fugitive emissions are clearance leaks from seals and processing equipment connections,
connections of shut-off and control valves located on the outdoor areas of the Terminal, tank truck
traffic within the Facility.
Allowing for any leaks in flanges, equipment, and shut-off and control valves, the sources of
fugitive emissions of saturated hydrocarbons, benzene, xylene, toluene, ethyl mercaptan and
hydrogen sulphide are the following processing modules: acid gas removal, drying, mercury removal,
fractionation of broad fraction of light hydrocarbons, fractionation, cooling, liquefaction,
denitrification, fuel gas enrichment, flaring system separators, gas separating tanks of the drainage
system, makeup refrigerant storage site, chemicals storage site, diesel fuel storage site etc.
Trucks transporting consumables to the modules and tank trucks for LNG loading and
unloading go through the Terminal site.
Motor vehicle engines emit nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide, kerosene and
soot to the atmosphere.
The power source for the processing electric equipment being designed shall be an electric
power plant, mini TPP, being designed which is based on three 2x1000 kVA gas powered electrical
generators (GPEG) as well as a 2x1000 kVA unitized transformer substation KTP-1-1000/10/0,4
being designed which comprises with two power dry-type transformers. If a GPEG runs on gas, the
following substances are released to the atmosphere: nitrogen dioxide, nitrogen (II) oxide, carbon
monoxide, methane, benzo(a)pyrene.

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Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide, soot, kerosene, formaldehyde and
benzo(a)pyrene are emitted to the atmosphere during operation of the emergency diesel generator of
essential systems.
Saturated hydrocarbons are released to the atmosphere during filling containers with diesel
fuel.
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide, soot, saturated hydrocarbons, benzene,
xylene, and toluene are emitted to the atmosphere during acid gas incineration.
Methyl diethanolamine (MDEA) will be discharged into the atmosphere during filling a
container with fresh amine.
For LNG marine freight, 3 liquefied gas tankers are supposed to be used. Mooring of vessels is
carried out by tow boats of type PE 65 being the property of Port of Vysotsk. Towing and mooring of
vessels will result in air emissions of the following pollutants: nitrogen dioxide, nitrogen (II) oxide,
carbon (soot), sulphur dioxide (sulfurous anhydride), carbon monoxide, formaldehyde,
benzo(a)pyrene, kerosene.
The list of pollutants released during the Terminal operation is given in Table 3.1.5.
Table 3.1.5 - List of pollutants discharged into the atmosphere during operation
Substance
code

name

. .

. .

0301
0304
0328
0330
0333
0337
0402
0408
0409
0410
0415
0416
0602
0616
0621
0703
1052
1325
1728
2732
2754

Nitrogen dioxide (nitrogen (IV) oxide)


Nitrogen (II) oxide (nitrogen oxide)
Carbon (soot)
Sulfurous anhydride
dihydrosulfide (hydrogen sulphide)
Carbon monoxide
Butane
Cyclohexane
Cyclopenthane (Pentamethylene)
Methane
Mixture of saturated hydrocarbons 1-5
Mixture of saturated hydrocarbons 6-10
Benzene
Xylene (mixture of isomers)
Methyl benzene (Toluene)
Benzo(a)pyrene (3,4-benzopyrene)
Methanol (Methyl alcohol)
Formaldehyde
Ethanethiol (Ethyl mercaptan)
Kerosene
Saturated hydrocarbons 12- 19
Di (2-hydroxyethyl) methylamine (Methy
3401
ldiethanolamine)
Substances in total: 22
incl. solids: 2
liquid/gaseous substances: 20
Groups of substances with combined harmful effects:
6035(2) 1325 333
6043 (2) 333 330
6204 (2) 301 330

Criterion used

Criterion
value,
mg/m3

One-time MPC
One-time MPC
One-time MPC
One-time MPC
One-time MPC
One-time MPC
One-time MPC
One-time MPC
TSEL
TSEL
TSEL
TSEL
One-time MPC
One-time MPC
One-time MPC
MPC, av. daily
One-time MPC
One-time MPC
One-time MPC
TSEL
One-time MPC

0.200000
0.400000
0.150000
0.500000
0.008000
5.000000
200.0000
1.400000
0.100000
50.00000
50.00000
60.00000
0.300000
0.200000
0.600000
0.000001
1.000000
0.035000
0.000050
1.200000
1.000000

TSEL

0.050000

Hazard
class
3
3
3
3
2
4
4
4

2
3
3
1
3
2
3
4

Total emissions
g/sec
4.397789
0.713944
0.117953
0.066942
1.82-06
5.531463
9.09-09
5.45-07
4.55-07
1.913755
0.694759
0.096463
0.011185
0.01184
0.010949
9.09-08
0.006455
0.001127
2.73-07
0.028468
0.04554

t/year
55.78815
9.062008
0.572344
0.78562
5.19-05
112.3869
0
0.001389
0.002832
58.41878
12.23292
3.19518
0.364785
0.393663
0.357051
1.82-07
0.181818
0.002026
0.000781
0.056299
0.363175

1.82-06

0.000059

13.64864
0.117954
13.53068

254.1658
0.572344
253.5935

Assessment of the amount of atmospheric emissions from motor vehicles has been made using
the ATP-Ecolog software developed in accordance with the Method for Atmospheric Emission
Inventory for Motor Transport Enterprises and the supplement thereto.
Assessment of the amount of atmospheric emissions from gas powered electrical generators
(GPEG) has been made using the Kotelnye (Boiler House) software (version 3.3) where the Method
for Determining Atmospheric Emissions during Fuel Combustion of Boilers With an Efficiency of
Less than 30 Tons of Steam per Hour or Less than 20 Gcal per Hour is implemented.

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Assessment of the amount of pollutants released into the atmosphere from the emergency diesel
generator and vessels has been made using the Diesel software (version 2.0) where the Method for
Calculating Atmospheric Emissions from Stationary Diesel Plants is implemented.
Assessment of the amount of pollutants released into the atmosphere from the diesel fuel
storage tank has been carried out using Intergral's AZS-Ecolog software, version 1.6.4.49, based on
the Guidance Manual for Defining Atmospheric Emissions from Tanks and the Supplement thereto.
3.1.2.2 Results of calculations of pollutant ground level concentrations during operation

. .

calculation of ground level concentrations of air pollutants the industrial emissions contain
shall be made in accordance with the requirements of the Methods For Calculating Concentrations of
Air Pollutants the Industrial Emission Contains, All-Union Regulatory Document OND-86
calculation of pollutant concentrations in the ground layer of the atmosphere shall be
carried out on a PC and using the Unified Software For Calculation of Atmospheric Pollution Degree
"ECOLOG" (version 3.0). This software is permitted to be used and approved by the Voeikov Main
Geophysical Observatory
the climatic characteristic of the Facility location area is in accordance with Table 2.14
the list of pollutants emitted into the atmosphere is as specified in Table 3.1.5
parameters of pollutant emissions are given in Table 3.2.5
pollutant settlement factors are in accordance with para. 2.5 of All-Union Regulatory
Document OND-86
the calculation square is accepted to be 5000x5000 m, the pitch of the calculation square
is100x100 m
terrain relief factors equals to 1
dispersion was carried out in the summer season.
Calculation of dispersion is made for 22 ingredients (20 gaseous substances and 2 solids).
The calculation has been made in 6 points to determine maximum ground level concentrations
of air pollutants. The list of calculation points and their characteristics are given in Table 3.1.6.
Table 3.1.6 - List of calculation points and their characteristics
No.

Point coordinates (m)


X
Y

Height
(m)

1423.70

920.70

866.60

-669.30

-974.90

-298.60

-297.50

1429.70

3223.10

2411.00

3363.60

913.70

Point type

Note

at the boundary of the Sanitary


Protection Zone
at the boundary of the Sanitary
Protection Zone
at the boundary of the Sanitary
Protection Zone
at the boundary of the Sanitary
Protection Zone
at the boundary of the residential area Vysotsk (2.5 km from the site)
Settlement Pikhtovoye (2.5 km from
at the boundary of the residential area
the site)

The analysis of the calculation results has shown that maximum ground level concentrations at
the boundaries of the Sanitary Protection Zone of the Terminal being designed and on the faces of the
nearest residential buildings do not exceed MPCs with account of background concentrations, for all
the ingredients considered.

. .

3.1.2.3 Atmospheric pollution control measures


Basic measures to reduce the impact on the air are the following:
use of insulated and closing POL storage containers
use of sealed equipment, valves, a predominantly all-welded structure of pipelines with a
minimum amount of connecting elements to minimize gas leaks
use of process equipment, pipelines and valves selected in accordance with the safety
requirements for material strength and corrosion resistance against working media
corrosion inhibitors will be added to improve the corrosion resistance of materials

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scheduled and emergency release of combustion gases to the atmosphere shall be carried
out through the flaring system only
emergency flare relief systems shall be equipped with quick-acting shut-off valves
cold fluid afterburner and warm fluid afterburner shall not be used simultaneously
use of equipment in a good operating condition which has been inspected for the toxicity
level of exhaust gases to reduce emissions of air pollutants
constant preventive inspection and diesel machinery fuel system adjustment to reduce
diesel fuel consumption
air monitoring is provided by gas detectors
work to be carried out shall involve the minimum quantity of machinery used at the site
in order to prevent from gross pollution of the lower atmosphere under unfavorable meteorological
conditions (no-wind conditions, stable air temperature inversions).
3.1.2.4 Conclusions
The analysis of the results of air pollutant dissipation calculations has proven as follows:
maximum concentrations at the boundary of the Sanitary Protection Zone and residential
buildings for all pollutants being analyzed do not exceed the MPC with account of background
concentrations.
Based on the results of calculations of air pollutant emissions in the ground layer of the
atmosphere, it can be stated that the Facility does not impact on the air pollution level at the boundary
of the Sanitary Protection Zone as well as at the boundary of the residential area.
The Project suggests determining a Sanitary Protection Zone for calculations by air impact to
be equal 1000 metres in all directions from the area boundary.

. .

. .

3.2 Impact on the Geological Environment


Types of impacts on the geological environment are the following:
construction of the site for LNG Complex facilities
construction of a gas pipeline branch of the main gas pipeline "Leningrad-Vyborg-state
boundary"
road construction.
Impact sources will be construction machinery used to lay line structures and build site
structures, such as bulldozers, excavating machines etc.
Site building is carried out by removal of rocks bedded above and under design reference
marks and backfilling (with layer-by-layer compaction) up to the design reference marks on the
subdued topography.
Access motorways will be constructed to provide for a year-round interconnection of the
facilities and access to the existing network of motorways. Routes of the road ways being designed
shall be laid with account of the existing topography and providing for minimization of earthwork
volumes.
Construction period
During construction of LNG Complex facilities, the main type of impact on the geological
environment is a mechanical disturbance of the natural condition of rocky and loose soils. All this
can lead to:
relief transformation
disturbance of hydrogeological regime of the area
activation of the existing geotechnical and permafrost processes as well as formation of new
ones.
In the points of intersection between stream flows and the gas pipeline route, the following can
be observed:
deformation of bottomland
destruction of coasts due to coastland erosion
changes in stream hydrological regimes.

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. .
.
. .

The following processes are expected to become more intensive:


surface erosion by water, the process of sheet erosion will be enhanced with various
intensity depending on the peculiarities of the area geological structure.
Mire formation process are expected to become less intensive.
During the construction, the geological environment will be impacted due to land planning,
foundation arrangements and motor road construction. The impact on the geological environment is
expected to be intensive, though it will stay within the land alloted for the construction providing that
no techniques and methods which contribute to activation of hazardous geological processes are used
during earthwork.
Operation period
During operation, the impact on the geological environment will include loads on the
foundations soils of buildings and structures or will be resulted from an emergency situation.
During normal operation, the geological environment will be minimally impacted. In case of an
emergency, the project provides a number of measures to prevent from pollution of the geological
environment and subsurface waters at the Terminal.
The site design includes an fence along the perimeter of which an exclusion zone is provided.
The general LNG plant flaring system is used to constantly discharge stabilization gases, to draw off
the gas phase from vessels and to provide for emergency gas and vapour discharge.
For collection of [process and storm wastewater as well as leaked hydrocarbon products, the
project provides for a drainage system which will cover all the sites where liquid hydrocarbons are
present.
The Project provides for construction of a protecting earth mound around the tanks in order to
protect the surrounding area against accidental fluid spillage if the tanks are destroyed in the points of
wall-and-bottom coupling.
The following measures will be taken to prevent from soil and subsurface water pollutions in
case of a potential accidental release:
around diesel fuel tanks, a concrete enclosure and a Bentomat impervious screen
under fired heaters, a reinforced concrete tray to collect precipitations and potentially
leaking fluids
concrete skirting 200 m high will be constructed around tanks containing oil, methanol, or
diesel fuel. The site surrounded with the skirting will have a concrete pavement 50 mm high made of
B5 concrete.
Geodynamic monitoring and control are provided to minimize the impact on the geological
environment and prevent emergencies from occurring.
Geodynamic monitoring includes the following subsections:
a)
facility monitoring, including all types of monitoring of bases, foundations and bearing
structures
b)
geodynamic monitoring itself, including systems of monitoring observations of changes
in soil conditions and subsurfaces water levels and composition, and development of destructive
processes, such as erosion, earth slides, karst-suffosion processes, surface subsidence etc.
Instrument observations of foundation settlement are made to define the degree of stability and
reliability of foundations and bases during their construction and operation. Preventive measures to
eliminate deformations hazardous for structures can be developed and taken based on the results of
such observations.
In case that unacceptable deformations are detected in the foundations, all measures necessary
to eliminate deformations and reinforce structures shall be taken.
If a point of intensive foundation settlement is detected, the settlement degree shall be
measured according to a specially developed program depending on the impact of deformations of
structure strength and stability as well as on the acceptability of settlement, with account of the nature
of the operating process.
During operation, the impact will be predominantly observed as an impact on the foundation
soils of buildings and structures. Main technical solutions are designed with account of potential
natural and technogenic emergencies. If the design solutions are implemented and environmental

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protection measures are taken, the impact of the geological environment during normal operation will
be acceptable.
3.2.1 Measures For Protection of Subsurface Resources and the Geological Environment
Measures for protection of subsurface resources and the geological environment during the
construction include the set of engineering and organizational measures to be taken during
construction and planning of sites and line structures. Such measures include:
planning of flattening of all cut and backfilled slopes
laying of pipeline routes in such a way that construction operations at the areas with
potential pipeline instability are avoided whenever it is possible
surface water drainage systems to drain water from working sites and motor road beds
no techniques and methods which promote soil washing-out, wind erosion and sloughing,
ravine development, sand washing-out and genesis of bog soils will be used during earthwork.

. .

. .

To prevent pollution of subsurface resources during operation, the project provides for:
complete sealing of the processes
use of equipment resistant to corrosion and abrasion
closure embankment of process sites and structures where accidental release of liquid
products is possible, including construction of a storm water collection system for such sites
cathodic polarization of underground steel facilities to protect them against soil corrosion
high level of production process automation which provides for alarms about any deviations
of process parameters from the allowable values in potential emergency situations.

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3.3 Impact on the Land Resources


3.3.1 Land Allocation
The construction area of the Terminal being designed is located in the Vyborg district of the
Leningrad region and occupies the territory of the Ryuyevyalinniyemi Peninsula and adjacent waters
of Bolshaya Pikhtovaya Bay.
Bolshaya Pikhtovaya Bay creates a natural shelter for anchored vessels. Mean wave direction
of Bolshaya Pikhtovaya Bay is SE NW.
The Terminal is planned to be constructed directly at the entrance to Port of Vysotsk, 800 m to
the north of RPK-Vysotsk LUKOIL-II terminal.
A motor road is laid in the eastern part from Saint-Petersburg - Promorsk- Vyborg highway to
the town of Vysotsk, and a raiway is built closely to RPK-Vysotsk LUKOIL-II terminal. The nearest
railway station, Popovo, is located 8 km to the east of the site.
The nearest inhabited locality, Vysotsk, is situated 2.5 km from the terminal.
Fairway no. 6 which leads to Port of Vysotsk is located in the middle, 700 m from the shore.
The seashore at the designed construction area is covered by forests, trees and bushes grow
close to the shoreline. The beach is narrow, 5-15 m. The beach soil consists of sand, gravel, pebbles,
stones and boulders.
The area of the future construction site is grass-covered. The topography is rugged, sloping to
the water area, and partially changed due to construction work. Surface elevations vary from 0.0 m to
11.0 m, gradually lowering in the direction to the water area.
The bottom of the offshore area is a submarine terrace plain having boulders on its surface.
Surface soils of the coastal area bottom consist of sand, gravel, pebbles and stones; silts are observed
at depths of more than 7-9 metres.
A 6 m isobath goes 30-50 m and a 10 m isobath goes 100-130 m from the shore at the shore
area where hydraulic engineering works being designed are supposed to be constructed.
The construction of LNG Complex, with account of a potential expansion, will require a plot of
land of approximately 50 Ha. The plot of land selected on the Ryuyevyalinniyemi Peninsula in Port
of Vysotsk can comprise the Terminal completely, including the necessary infrastructure.

. .

. .

3.3.2 Impact on the Soil Mantle and Land Usage


Planning of plots of land to be used for the construction of Terminal facilities is based on the
following principles:
substantial and efficient use of plots of land
land use planning
grouping of facilities by their functional purposes
disposition of facilities being designed with account of the peculiarities of the region (terrain
relief, soil properties etc.)
use of a modular construction method and reduction of the length of utilities being designed.
The plot of land being considered has no specially protected natural areas. No natural
monuments are present on the plot.
The impact on the land resources due to the Project implementation is resulted from:
the impact of construction machinery on soils at the boundaries of alloted lands
the impact of emissions from machines and process equipment during operation.
All types of possible impact on land resources can be united (with a certain conventionality) in
two groups: direct impacts and indirect impacts.
The Project provides for a package of work on construction of buildings and structures, utilities
and implementation of the Pot Plan which will have a certain impact on land resources:
construction of foundations of buildings and structures
laying of utility networks and supply lines

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. .

. .

pipeline laying
a package of work on land improvement.
As a result of implementation of a construction work package, the direct impact can be
represented by:
technogenic deformation of the microrelief due to repeated passing of heavy construction
machinery (ruts, grooves etc.)
structural soil disturbance at the boundaries of plots of land when constructing passages and
draining trenches and excavation work for buildings
changes in the water balance of the zone of aeration
soil disturbance in the areas adjacent to the facilities being constructed, due to the impact of
machinery
soil pollution by construction materials and wastes in the area adjoining to the facilities
being constructed
soil pollution by petroleum products in case of machinery malfunctions leading to petroleum
product spillages.
Soil pollution by petroleum products in case of machinery malfunctions leads to the following
adverse effects:
deterioration in the morphological and physicochemical soil properties
deterioration in the hydrophysical properties, decrease of aeration
deterioration in the soil humus condition
changes in biocenosis, demise of invertebrate animals, inactivation of nitrifying bacteria,
reduction in fermentation activity
deterioration of the reductive-oxidative conditions, increase of toxic Fe II oxides.
The lower limit of petroleum and petroleum product concentration in the polluted soil is 0.1 to
1.0 g/kg. In this case the soil can become a source of secondary pollution of surface and underground
waters. Groundwaters are considered as polluted if petroleum and petroleum product concentration in
them equals to 0.05 mg/l in water filtered through soil.
Indirect impact during construction of the facilities being designed can be represented by
indirect soil pollution by heavy metals and organic chemical compounds from running internal
combustion engines.

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Operation of the facilities being designed will result in an indirect impact only. The most
considerable indirect impact of soil resources is an indirect impact on soils adjacent to the facilities
being constructed in areas of industrial emissions which components can contribute to desalination of
major cations (calcium and manganese) and their removal out of soil stratum. If soil acidity increases
and soil buffering decreases, many metals transfer into mobile forms.
3.3.3 Measures for Protection and Substantial Use of Land Resources and Soil Mantle

. .

. .

The following environmental protection measures shall be taken during preparatory work at the
sites intended for the facility construction:
location of sites for facility constructions are selected with account of topographical,
landscape and soil aspects of the natural environment
machinery movement is prohibited beyond the alloted land
parking lots and refueling stations for specialized machinery and motor vehicles are
equipped with trays which prevent POL spillages on soils
waste and debris collection and storage areas are covered with a solid coating (asphalt,
concrete) and provided with containers
timely construction and operational waste and debris disposal
use of machines in a good operating condition and mechanisms with adjusted fuel systems
which has been subjected to technical inspection prior to commencement of work.
The Project is planned to include compulsory restoration (recultivation) of temporarily alloted
lands which were disturbed.

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3.4 IMPACT ON THE AQUATIC ENVIRONMENT


3.4.1 Facility Water Supply and Disposal Systems during Construction
Water supply during construction is designed to meet process and sanitary water needs.
A temporary water supply is implemented by vessels with a capacity of 1m3 which are
transported to the construction site. Water is used for process and sanitary needs as well as for
washing vehicle wheels.
Water intake ditches will be constructed along the perimeter of the construction site to collect
and remove surface run-offs. Settling wells for surface run-off water will be installed in the corners
of the construction site.
Rainfall run-off will be withdrawn by specialized motor vehicles, if necessary.
A temporary heat supply system is not designed for the period of construction. Temporary
buildings will be heated by electric appliances.
A wheel washing system is installed at the exit from the construction site.
The Project provides for one Moydodyr-K-4 closed-loop wheel washing system.
The Project also provides for installation of composting toilets at the construction site during
the construction period. The Company is planning to enter into a Toilet Cabin Lease and
Maintenance Contract with a licensed organisation. Disposal of sediment which builds up during
operation of toilet cabins is the responsibility of the organization which performs composting toilet
maintenance.
Water Supply System
At this Facility, water is used for:
production cycle
heating of service buildings
household and practical needs.
A withdrawal point in the waters of the Gulf of Finland is supposed to be used as a water
source to meet the needs of the Terminal facilities.
Water from the withdrawal point is supplied to:
demineralized water treatment and storage plant, to be further supplied to meet process
needs
fresh water treatment plant, to be further supplied to drinking and service water supply
systems.
Water for the fire water supply system is preferably to be withdrawn from the waters of the
Gulf of Finland. A separate marine water withdrawal point is designed for these purposes.
According to the preliminary calculations, a constant source water supply is expected to be:
for demineralized water production - 80m3/day
for drinking water supply system - 300 m3/day
for service water supply system - 200 m3/day
Total: 2580 m3/day.
The water withdrawal and treatment system is designed for 0.01 m3/sec.
A jacket water system is used to cool vessels of process plants.

. .

. .

3.4.2 Facility Water Supply and Disposal Systems during Operation

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Three water supply systems are provided at the sites: a process pipeline, a cold water supply
pipeline and a fire water pipeline.
A drinking water treatment station is used for water treatment. Water will be supplied to a
drinking water tank and then pumped to the cold water supply line.
Water Disposal System
A separate sewage system is to be constructed at all sites of the Terminal: a sanitary sewage
system, a process sewage system and a storm sewage system.
Sanitary, process and storm (melt) wastewater are supplied to sewage treatment plants.
Mechanical and biological treatment methods are used for wastewater purification. Pollution load in
treated wastewater shall correspond to MPC to be discharged to a water body in accordance with
Sanitary Regulations and Standards SanPiN 2.1.5.980-00.
Sanitary wastewater from sanitation facilities and process wastewater from heating unit drains
are supplied to sanitary wastewater treatment plants. Pollution load in sanitary wastewater equals to:
suspended matters - 300 mg/l; Biological Oxygen Demand 20 ~ 100 mg/l; ammonia nitrogen -35
mg/l; phosphates -15 mg/l.
Storm and melt wastewater from rainwater wells are supplied to storm wastewater treatment
plants. Pollution load in storm wastewater equals to 500-2,000 mg/l for suspended matters and 10-30
mg/l for petroleum products.
Sanitary wastewater treatment and storm wastewater treatment will be performed in separate
flows.
Treatment plants shall include a primary wastewater treatment unit based on a combination of
conventional and patented technologies.
Hourly average capacity of treatment plants shall be at least:
for process and storm wastewater -15.5 m 3/hour
for sanitary wastewater - 0.5 m3/hour.
The excepted pollution degree of process and storm wastewater is as follows:
petroleum products 20-150 mg/l
emulsifiable petroleum products - 2 to 5 mg/l
suspended matters 100 mg/l.
Quality of treated wastewater is described on Table 3.4.1.
Table 3.4.1 - Quality of treated wastewater
Treated wastewater
Measurement units
mg/l
mg/l
mg/l
mg/l
mg/l
mg/l
mg/l
mg/l
mg/l
mg/l
mg/l

. .

. .

Parameter
pH
Suspended substances
BOD compl.
COD
Ammonia nitrogen
Nitrite nitrogen
Nitrate nitrogen
Phosphates
Synthetic Surfactants
Petroleum products
Dissolved oxygen

Value
6.5...8.5
3.0
3.0
30.0
0.4
0.02
7.0...8.0
0.5
0.1
0.05
4.0

Wastewater treatment plants include:


a sanitary wastewater receiving tank
a Package Treatment Plant KOU-50 BIO (or equivalent equipment)
a storm wastewater tank
a Package Treatment Plant KOU-10D (or equivalent equipment)
grit dewatering bays
a treated wastewater tank.

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Characteristic of wastewater treatment plants including their names, capacity, wastewater


treatment method and efficiency, is given in Table 3.4.2.
Table 3.4.2 - Characteristic of wastewater treatment plants
Treatment efficiency
Treatment
Treatment plant,
Production plant capacity,
treatment method. wastewater source
m3/day.

PACKAGE
TREATMENT
PLANT KOU-50
BIO; biological
treatment

Operational
personnel vital
activities

70

PACKAGE
TREATMENT
LNG Complex area
PLANT KOU-10D; and the waterfront
mechanical
area
treatment

114

Pollution load, mg/l


Polluting
ingredient

Prior to
After
treatment treatment

Suspended
substances
BOD20
Ammonia
nitrogen
Phosphates
Suspended
substances
Petroleum
products

%
Treated wastewater
of
outlet
treatment

300

99

100

97

35

0.4

98

15

0.2

98

1250

99.7

20

0.05

99.7

Disinfection units;
discharge to the
offshore zone.

After being treated by Package Treatment Plant KOU-50 BIO and Package Treatment Plant
KOU-10D (or equivalent equipment), treated and clarified wastewater is subject to ultraviolet
disinfection on the disinfection unit. Ultraviolet rays within the band of 253.7 mm penetrate in water
and affect remaining pathogenic microorganisms and viruses which directly leads to their
inactivation.
Treated wastewater discharge is made by dispersing in the offshore area.
The characteristic of pollutants in the treated wastewater discharged to Bolshaya Pikhtovaya
Bay (with account of requirements to water basins of commercial fishing importance) is given in
Table 3.4.3.
The strict observance of the rules for use of natural resources consists in prevention and
complete exclusion of accidental discharge of untreated wastewater to water bodies. For this purpose
it is necessary to ensure normal operation of plants and equipment for wastewater collection and
transportation.
All types of wastewater produced at the Facility will be directed to treatment plants to prevent
accidental discharges.
Table 3.4.3 - Characteristic of pollutants in treated wastewater discharge to Bolshaya
Pikhtovaya Bay

. .

. .

Pollutant in wastewater

Hazard class

C calc.

1. Indicators of the general sanitary quality of water:


BOD compl.
4
2
Suspended substances
4
5

7.5
Dry solid
4
50
COD
4
20
Total nitrogen content
1.5
Total phosphorus content 1
2. Substances of toxicological LHI
Total ferrum content
4
0.02
Ammonia nitrogen
4
0.12
Nitrite nitrogen
0.01
3. Substances of sanitary-toxicological LHI

MAC, fishery

Ratio between pollutant


concentrations in discharged
wastewater and MPC

3
10
6.5 -8.5
1000
30
12
1.5

0.1
0.39
0.02

0.2 of MPC
0.3 of MPC
0.5 of MPC

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Sulphates
4
Chlorides
4
Nitrate nitrogen
Anionic surfactants
4
4. Substances of fishery LHI
Petroleum products
3
Substances belonging to the sanitary group
Phosphates
4*
* - moderately

20
25
0.2
0.01

100
300
9.1
0.1

0.2 of MPC
0.1 of MPC
0.02 of MPC
0.1 of MPC

0.05

0.05

MPC

0.2

0.2

MPC

. .

. .

3.4.3 Facility's Impact on the Aquatic Environment


The most considerable impact on the environment can be observed during construction period
as this period is devoted to preparation of the site for construction of the Terminal facilities being
designed, construction of roads and other planning operations. This types of work involve violation
of integrity of vegetable ground cover, change (disturbance) in the existing forms of natural terrain
relief, water course/ water basin bed disturbance, changes in water balance items which can impact
on the surface water condition and regime.
During construction, a technogenic impact on surface water bodies can be both direct and
indirect (soil pollution, land clearing, human-induced changes in the relief of slopes and bottomland)
which can lead to changes in runoff generation regularities and the hydrochemical balance.
The impact on the water resources of the area can be resulted from a discharge of treated
wastewater and accidental release of untreated or improperly treated wastewater produced during
facilities construction, petroleum product spills and leaks due to occurrence of an emergency
situation.
Impacts, which are observed during construction and have a temporary adverse effect, mostly
result in water quality deterioration if the water is polluted with petroleum products and other
harmful chemical compounds due to fugitive discharge of pollutants from the construction site.
To collect surface waters from the adjacent area and protect the construction site against
waterlogging (prevent loose rocks from overmoisturizing during their excavation), the Project
provides for construction of intercepting (catch) ditches where water is not subject to technogenic
impacts and is to be drained to the offshore area in a common water outlet manifold together with
treated surface wastewater from construction sites.
To collect polluted surface wastewater during preparatory work for construction of the
Terminal facilities, the Project provides for construction of perimeter ditches along the boundaries of
the sites, including further water removal to wastewater treatment plants, a shungite filtering array.
Surface water is removed from the drainage ditch system in a closed manifold and directed to a
common shore outlet together with treated surface waters to be discharged into Zavalishin Bay.
Treatment of surface waters from separate sites is provided by drainage systems/ditches,
including surface wastewater treatment using a shungite-and-gravel-mixture batter drainage system
with a protective layer made of rocky soil fine fractions, after that the water is discharged to the area
water bodies.
The sorption, catalyst and reduction properties of shungite rock make it possible to clean
wastewater from many organic and non-organic matters (petroleum products, pesticides, phenols,
surface active agents, etc.) Shungite also demonstrates bactericidal properties:
decontaminates water from collibacillus, cleans from organic pollutants. Treated water is
discharged to the nearest water bodies.
The impact of surface water bodies during road construction includes banking and construction
of surface water drainage system. All this can lead to changes in the conditions of existing relief
formation process and generation of new ones. For example, embankments in a certain location will
catch surface run-off water that can be accompanied by overmoisterizing of the road bed and bogging
of adjacent areas. During road construction, a surface water drainage system is provided to protect
the road bed against overmoisterizing and washing out by surface waters. Polluted run-off water is
collected in trays and directed to a reinforced concrete storm-water tank and then to local treatment
plants.

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Places where fuel spills are possible (refueling station for motor vehicle and machinery parking
lot) are provided with a coating resistant to petroleum product exposure.
Construction transport wheel cleaning (washing) stations equipped with a Moydodyr recycling
water system are installed at all exits from the construction sites to prevent pollutants from exporting.
Wheels shall be washed in specially designated areas where the possibility of oil or other substance
entry into the soil and water bodies is excluded.
Work on area planning will have an admissible impact on surface waters providing that the
design solutions and environmental protection measures are strictly observed. This type of impact is
of local and temporary nature.
For the purpose of prevention of environment pollution sanitary waste water produced at
construction sites and temporary establishments are collected to closed sealed tanks and transported
to treatment plant of the camp located within the area of the Teriberka village. Suitable wastewater
treatment plants (treatment includes mechanical treatment, biological treatment, post-treatment by
filtering and UV radiation disinfection) are provided to purify the whole volume of sanitary
wastewater produced during construction. The treated water is supplied to the common manifold and
then discharged into the sea.
The quality of wastewater purified in treatment plants meet the requirements to water quality of
fishery water bodies. This impact is local and temporary and will not change the existing
hydrochemical regime of a water body.
Thus, the main impact on surface water bodies at the Terminal facility construction stage is an
increased removal of suspended substances from the area of planning operations. A set of surface
wastewater drainage and treatment measures is developed to minimize a potential impact.
The impact on the environment will be local and temporary providing that design solutions for
construction and installation work are strictly observed and environmental protection measures are
taken.
Impact on surface waters during operation is less intensive than that one during construction.
The water supply system being designed takes into account peculiarities of facilities, water
consumption rate required at various development stages, water supply sources, requirements to
water head, quality and situation. Technical solutions on water supply and disposal are intended to
meet the needs of the production plant being designed, with account of the process.
No direct impact on water bodies will occur.
Technogenic impact on surface waters during operation of the Facility being designed may be
resulted from improper wastewater handling, including possible wastewater spills in case of an
emergency situation and washing the polluted water out of the production site. Such an impact can
result in changes in the hydrochemical regime and the qualitative composition of waters in water
bodies located at the adjacent area.
For the purpose of environmental pollution prevention, the Project provides for the following
utilities to be used to collect and dispose all categories of wastewater produced at the Terminal
facilities: a sanitary sewage network and a process and storm sewage network.
Reliable collection and disposal of surface wastewater, prevention of fugitive and uncontrolled
wastewater discharges and protection of adjacent areas and underground and surface waters against
pollutions in case of leaks and spills etc. are ensured by suitable sewage systems where wastewater is
classified by the degree of pollution and directed to corresponding treatment plants.
Wastewater treatment process flows provided by the Project ensure a high degree of
wastewater purification up to MPC fishery. Discharge of wastewater is not provided.
Thus, the impact on surface waters is admissible in case of a normal (no-failure) operation of
the facilities and observance of environmental protection measures.
Construction period Underground waters of the area being examined belong to two reservoir
types, a porous reservoir and a naturally fractured reservoir, having contrasting conditions of feeding,
filtration, unloading, and dissolved compound mass transfer. This predefines the differences in the
hydrodynamic and hydrochemical regimes of zonal distribution.
The main impact on underground waters will be resulted from the following types of work:
removal of a loose surface layer at the construction site

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. .
.
. .

crystalline rock breaking


draining the area as a part of preparation for Terminal construction.
The impact will basically affect an upper hydrodynamic zonule. The site grading works will
bring about changes of hydrodynamic conditions, which is related to a removal of quaternary
deposits comprising subterranean waters and crushing of the weatherworn tops of massifs of
Archean rocks. It will entail a decreased share of feeding subadjacent granites due to a decreased
volume of charging them as a result of peat reclamation and surface grading as well as organization
of waters drainage, which seepage to the site territory is possible from the superjacent areas in case
of slopes cutting.
The planned activity can lead to a change of qualitative composition of subterranean waters.
As discussed above, the feeding of subterranean waters due to infiltration of meteorological
precipitation, which will be contaminated with suspended matter in the period of construction. The
measures aimed at the reduction of impact of contaminated runoffs on the surface water bodies will
also contribute to minimized impact on subterranean waters. Besides, the design envisages filling
the sites with made-up ground, which will be used as a filter for the contaminated meteorological
precipitation infiltrated from above.
It should be noted that a change of natural dynamic equilibrium in water balance can bring
about not only the drainage of massifs due to a reduction of infiltration feeding but a waterlogging
of some territories. The upgrade waters formation is possible in the landfilled soil in the areas,
where surface leveling is effected by means of landfill operation. In order to prevent a subsequent
impact of the upgrade waters on the foundations of structures, the landfilling will be effected by
means of highly pervious soil. It can be predicted that no waterlogging will happen with the adopted
design solutions for organization of open drainage system.
It is supposed to excavate soft soils in the valley of creek No.15 in stages with valley dividing
to mining blocks along the creek length. In this case mining operations will deroof the artesian
aquifer confined to sand and boulder-block deposits, wherefore the mining blocks will be flooded
due to ingress of subterranean waters from water-bearing deposits.
The drainage of the surface ensures a preliminary removal of subterranean waters level to the
values safe with respect to conditions of stability of walls and slopes of mining blocks.
A diagram of surface drainage of the water-bearing complex by virtue of the given prediction
calculations using a method of mathematic modeling has been adopted, which corresponds to a
combination of linear rows of dewatering wells arranged within the boundaries for performing
extraction operations: four rows of dewatering wells equipped with filters for sands and boulder
deposits. At that, row No.1 fulfills a role of the protective (safeguarding) against water influx from
the north-western side (Zavalishin Bay). In case of water pumping out of the dewatering wells
practically no water contamination will take place, since the drainage wells correspond to a contour
of a drainage system and are equipped with filters for sands and boulder deposits.
No impact on subterranean waters is expected in the period of operation of Terminal, since
there will be no nonpoint discharges and leakages from the territory. All the streams of runoff
waters will be disposed in accordance with quality and purpose thereof.
3.4.4 Water protective areas and coastal buffer zones
The water protective areas and coastal buffer zones will be established along water bodies in
accordance with the Water Code of RF approved by the resolution of the Government of the
Russian Federation No.74- dated 03.06.2006.
The water protective area of the water body is the territory adjacent to the aquatic area, where a
special mode of economic or other types of activity will get established with the aim of preventing
contamination, clogging, silting and depletion of water body as well as preservation of ecosystem of
animal and vegetal life objects.
Adherence to a special mode in the territory of water protective areas and coastal buffer zones
is the component part of a complex of environmental measures.

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The following is prohibited within the boundaries of water protective areas:

use of runoff waters for soils fertilization;

arrangement of cemeteries, animal burial sites, industrial and consumption wastes


repositories; radioactive, chemical, explosive, toxic, poisonous and noxious substances;

implementing aviation operations for plant diseases and pest control;

traffic flow and transport station (except for special means of transportation), except for
traffic flow along by roads and parking on the roads and at specifically equipped places provided
with hard surface.
It is permitted to design, position, construct, reconstruct, put into operation and operate
economical and other facilities within the boundaries of water protective areas provided such
facilities are equipped with the structures ensuring protection of water bodies against contamination,
clogging and depletion of waters in accordance with water legislation and legislation in the sphere
of environment protection.
According to the Water code (rev.2012) the water protective area for the Bay of Vyborg
(Finland) equals 500 m.
It is necessary to take into account all the requirements of the Water code of RF when
designing facilities in the water protective area.

. .

3.4.5 Measures for protection of surface and subterranean waters for operation period
The measures providing for reasonable utilization and protection of water bodies against
contamination during operation period include:
elimination of discharging of unfiltered and/or insufficiently filtered runoffs;
development and implementation of the complex of environmental protection measures
precluding contamination of water bodies with hydrocarbon-bearing contaminants and chemical
reagents used during operation of facilities;
development and installation of systems for collecting all types of contaminated runoffs and
liquid wastes from the closed drainage systems, open drainage systems, drainage vessels, containers
with subsequent disposal thereof;
installation of special underpans in places of possible leakages and spillages of fuels and
lubricants;
prevention of contamination with dangerous substances used in the production processes;
application of sewage water treatment technology making it possible to ensure a stable
high-quality sewage treatment to water-quality standards of water bodies of commercial fishing
importance;
strict adherence to technical specifications of monitoring the wastewater formation and
quality thereof, including: availability of a system of water discharge control and a system of water
temperature and water quality control at water discharge; presence of a laboratory equipped with a
system of water control, etc.;
availability of water discharge control system and water temperature and water quality
control system at water discharge;
plans of checking compliance with environmental requirements have been developed for all
production plants and systems;
system of production environmental control and monitoring.

. .

3.4.6 Measures for protection of surface and subterranean waters for construction period
In order to reduce a negative impact on the territory aquatic resources (surface and
subterranean waters), preventing contamination and depletion thereof during construction, a design
provides for the following:
mandatory adherence to the boundaries of the territory allotted for construction;
compliance with all environmental requirements to carrying out the earthwork at highwater beds and onshore crossing areas laid down in the construction standards for earthwork
structures;

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prohibition for transport passage outside of the built roads;


parking, fuelling transportation means/equipment and drainage of fuels and lubricants in
places specifically allotted and equipped for such purposes;
stations for cleaning (washing) wheels of construction transport with a system of
recirculated water supply will be provided at all exits from the construction site;
washing and fuelling vehicles, fuels and lubricants drainage and storage are to be carried
out at the sites/stations specifically equipped for such purposes;
equipment of the construction site with standard containers for household and building
wastes as well as vessels for collecting spent fuels and lubricants;
arrangement of drainage systems (water-collection ditches) and treatment facilities for
collecting and treating the surface waters;
recultivation of land in the construction right-of-way;
collection, treatment, disposal of wastewater;
elimination of discharging untreated runoffs;
application of technology for wastewater treatment, which help ensure stable high-quality
runoffs treatment to water-quality standards of water bodies of commercial fishing importance;
availability of water discharge control system and water temperature and water quality
control system at water discharge;
strict adherence to design solutions when conducting leveling and construction and
installation works;
strict adherence to the measures and rules on environmental protection by the people
engaged in construction;
protective sanitary zone (PSZ) will be provided around water intake structures of surface
sources for potable water supply.
3.4.7 Findings
The design does not envisage a centralized water supply system. In order to provide the
Terminal personnel with potable and service water the design stipulates water delivery by means of
motor-vehicle transport.
No connection to hot water supply networks is envisaged.
The designing of facility taking into consideration the present environmental situation and
implementation of the envisaged complex of water-control practices is possible and will help
minimize the negative influence on the aquatic resources.

3.5 IMPACT ON PLANT AND ANIMAL LIFE


The main (mechanical) impact on soil mantle will take place during implementation of the
complex of measures on the territory engineering preparation at provision of necessary facilities at
horizontal sites for specified main and auxiliary facilities of the Terminal.

. .

. .

3.5.1 Impact on soil mantle

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construction (including preparatory) works;


recultivation works on the disturbed soils.
The general types of earthworks in the areas are as follows:
removal of topsoil as well as lift-out, stacking and reuse in case of recultivation of the
disturbed temporary acquisition soils;
excavation of soft soils;
excavation of pits, digging trenches (for underground trenches, foundations) and backfilling
thereof;
grading.
The removed topsoil is planned to be used in all the areas of temporary acquisition soils with
subsequent biological recultivation (restoration) of disturbed soils.
The soil mantle will be disturbed in case of underground laying of water supply, sewerage,
fire-fighting networks, electric cables for 150 kV, 35 kV, 10 kV, electric cables for lighting. The
soil mantle will be disturbed to a lesser extent in case of laying overhead and ground-based gas
pipelines, heat-supply pipelines.
The soil mantle damage will be also related to provision of necessary facilities in the camp.
The camp structures include the following:
residential buildings;
buildings of auxiliary purpose (service/operation blocks);
transportation structures;
warehouses;
production workshops and utility facilities.
The man-induced chemical impact on soils and subsoils is possible at all stages of economic
activity: during construction period, during operation period, and during recultivation of disturbed
soils.
The contamination of soils and subsoils is accompanied by aggravation of hydrophysical and
chemical soil properties, reduction of biological activity and fertility thereof.
The reasons for inflow of contaminating substances into soils and subsoils can be as follows:
violation of storage rules of fuels and lubricants, loose materials and chemical reagents;
emergency spillovers of fuels and lubricants and chemical reagents on the ground surface;
emissions of contaminants during operation of transportation means and special equipment;
formation of unauthorized garbage and wastes dumps during construction and operation of
Terminal facilities and structures.
As a result of design implementation at the territories (lands) adjacent to facilities and
structures there is a risk of emerging new conditions and processes of shaping the soil mantle and
fertility of soils. Basically, this can manifest itself in case of terrain change, variation of
hydrological regime of territories or separate areas and soil water regime.
A probability of possible contamination of adjacent lands appears in the period of Terminal
facilities and structures operation as a result of inflow of contaminated stormwaters and waste drains
from the industrial sites thereupon.

. .

. .

The main directions of earthworks are as follows:

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3.5.2 Impact on vegetational cover


A basic impact on the vegetational cover will be effected at the stage of sites preparation for
arrangement of Terminal facilities and structures. The construction and transportation vehicles and
machines, the technical personnel are the sources of impact on the vegetational cover at this stage
.
A complete annihilation of the vegetational cover of the areas being developed in the course
of excavating soft and unstable soils, territory grading shall be attributed to the main types of
negative impact.
Some agricultural lands will be abolished in case of landtakes that will bring about a reduction
of total reserves of the vegetational cover phytomass and decrease of producing area as well as a
possible variation of floristic composition of vegetation at the adjacent territories.
The vegetational cover will be annihilated in the course of development of underground utility
lines.
In case of nonscheduled movement of construction and transportation equipment various local
disturbances and mechanical damages of the vegetational cover beyond the boundaries of allocated
areas.
The impact on the vegetational cover can manifest itself in littering up the adjacent territory
with felling residues, production and household wastes, pollution with fuels and lubricants (in case
of violation of environmental requirements).
The chemical contamination of territory including its peripheral parts can be connected to the
occurrence of emergency situations (both in the period of construction and in the period of
operation).
The main reasons for chemical contamination may be as follows:
leakage of various chemical reagents and process liquids;
drains of service-utility and storm waters from the territories of industrial sites, temporary
residential compounds, etc.;
emissions to atmosphere.
At the stage of finishing development the impact on the vegetational cover will happen,
basically, in case of disorderly equipment movement and carrying out other works outside of the
sites of facilities and structures.
Thus, the impact will be effected on the soil mantle and vegetational cover in the area of about
50 ha in the course of construction of Terminal facilities and structures.
The implementation of complex measures for reduction, mitigation and prevention of negative
impacts on the soil mantle and vegetational cover and restoration (recultivation) of the disturbed
soils will help meet the requirements of legislative and regulatory documents of the Russian
Federation on the sustainable use and conservation of lands and vegetational cover during
construction and operation of Terminal facilities and structures.

. .

. .

3.5.3 Measures for reducing level of impact on soil mantle and vegetational cover
The design provides for the following measures to reduce the impact on the soil mantle and
vegetational cover:
carrying out all construction activities and transport movement strongly within the limits of
right-of-way lands, prohibition of transport movement beyond its boundaries;
ensuring measures for maximum preservation of soil and vegetation cover (selecting
territories for the sites and structures taking into account the soil and vegetation cover, conducting
recultivation activities for restoration of soils disturbed during construction or operation).
In order to reduce impact on the vegetational cover related to a possibility of chemical
contamination of soil mantle and vegetation damage, the following has been envisaged:
preventing cases of spillage and leakage, discharge of unfiltered waste water to the soil
mantle;
separate collection and stacking wastes into special containers or vessels with subsequent
lift-out to the equipped landfills or for recycling;

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maintenance of transportation and construction equipment in specifically allocated places;


arrangement of sites for storing construction materials, nonadmission of territory littering
with debris and contamination with fuels and lubricants.
The minimization of impact on the soil mantle and vegetational cover will be also provided
through adherence to the rules of fire and sanitary safety.
The disturbed plots of land are subject to restoration (recultivation) upon work completion.
3.5.4 Measures for protecting objects of the vegetable world entered into Red Books of
various levels and living environment thereof
The complex of measures developed for reducing the level of impact on the vegetational cover
in general is applicable as well for the sake of protecting plants entered into the Red Books of the
Russian Federation and constituent territories of the Russian Federation. The most important
measures for protecting the red-book plants are as follows: carrying out all construction activities
and transport movement strongly within the limits of right-of-way lands, prohibition of transport
movement beyond its boundaries, nonadmission of territory littering with debris, case of spillage
and leakage of fuels and lubricants, adherence to the rules of fire and sanitary safety. In case of
allocation of land plots for construction it is additionally stipulated to investigate them for the sake
of finding out particular locations of upgrowth of especially valuable vegetation communities and
individual rare species of plants.

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3.5.5 Impact on animal life


An impact on fauna of the territory under consideration will take place both during Terminal
facilities construction works and during further operation thereof. A variation of species and quality
composition of mammals especially of agriculturally important species is predicted due to
transformation of inherent biotopes. A considerable impact on the animal life is predicted as a result
of exemption of agricultural lands for construction objects and manifestation of discomfort factor
(DF).
An impact on ichthyofauna is predicted by intersecting water passages as well as by Bolshaya
Pikhtovaya Bay. It will take place, basically, as a result of works on Terminal site preparation,
erection of cross-walks of motor roads and other objects crossing the water courses, construction of
sea deepwater effluent line of filtered waste waters, water intake for construction and other needs. A
negative impact will also be produced by the noise and vibrations produced by the construction and
other equipment.
The following can be attributed to the main impacts on animal life:
transfer of territory for construction objects with complete annihilation of biotopes will take
place over an entire area of land allotment;
manifestation of discomfort factor (within a three-kilometer zone around industrial
facilities, along roads, etc.), noise and vibration produced by machinery, man presence all these
will result in scaring birds and animals away from the places of brooding, in increasing probability
of killing the little ones by carnivores, change of traditional habitat;
death of animals (first of all of small ones) in case of collisions with moving equipment and
other production activities;
death of animals as a result of possible accidents (fires, contamination of water bodies and
soil with chemicals);
restricting animals movement;
poaching (illegal hunting and fishing);
changing sea bottom in the course of construction of sea deepwater effluent line;
contamination of water bodies with waste waters from the construction sites, with industrial
and household wastes;
increasing concentration of matter suspended in water;
death of aquatic organisms as a result of water intake for economic and other needs.

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A period of construction will be universally accompanied for the land birds and mammals, as
a general rule, by the reduction of quantity and abundance of species. The basic reasons for these
are the discomfort factor and increased fishing pressure (including illegal fishing).
The watersheds used for construction feature low numbers of animals; the valleys of rivers,
creeks and banks of lakes are of greater importance.
It should be noted that the calculation of damage from manifestation of discomfort factor will
be effected during construction period only.
A complex of developed environmental protection measures will contribute to minimization of
direct and indirect impact on animal life and preservation of biological diversity of territory under
consideration.

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3.5.6 Measures for protecting objects of animal life and habitat thereof, including measures
for protecting aquatic biological resources
The following normative legal documents (or documents replacing them in future) have been
taken into consideration in the course of developing measures for protecting animal life and fish
resources:
Forestry Code No. 200- dated 04.12.2006;
Concerning Fauna (Federal law No.52- dated 24.04.95 as amended as of 29.12.2006);
Requirements on preventing death of animal life objects when effecting production
processes as well as during operation of main transport routes, pipelines, lines of communication
and electric power supply (appr. by resolution of the Government of RF No.997 dated 13.08.96);
Other effective technical standard documents.
It is necessary to provide for the measures ensuring reduction of impact on the animal life in
the course of designing and performing construction works. They include the following:
minimal land transfer for preserving fur and feather habitability conditions;
in order to prevent contamination of water entities and water courses, the residual
materials, structures and construction debris will be cleaned up upon construction completion into
containers specifically allotted for this purpose, or stacked at the sites prepared in advance to be
moved away later on to the existing landfills for neutralization and disposal thereof;
storage of petroleum products in tight vessels;
transfer of construction machinery and means of transportation using specifically
designated roads only;
excluding stationing of builders shelter, assembly and fuelling sites within the limits of
water protection areas;
equipment of water intakes with fish-diversion nets;
limiting quantity of charges detonated simultaneously as approaching a water object, down
to one detonation at the edge of water;
periodic fulfillment of deratization measures for limiting quantities of mouse-like rodents at
the places of builders temporary stationing, since the rodents can become a source of dangerous
zoogenous infections;
excluding cases of poaching through introduction of prohibition by the construction
administration to bring to the construction site territory any tools for cropping animals (weapons,
steel traps, etc.);
excluding probability of fire at the adjacent terrain, strict compliance with fire safety rules;
strong prohibition of dogs loose keeping as well as free keeping of the other domestic
animals;
arrangement of enclosures at the sites.
A complex of environmental protection measures aimed at minimization of direct and indirect
negative impact of the planned works on animal life will contribute to preservation of biological
diversity of the construction site territory.

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3.6 Environmental impact during wastes handling


3.6.1 General provisions
This Section is giving consideration to ecological aspects regarding wastes handling in the
course of Terminal facilities construction and operation.
The generated wastes are subdivided into production wastes and consumption wastes which are
irregular in composition and in hazard class.
Production wastes are represented by (1) residues of raw materials, consumables, substances,
products and items generated in the course of production, works execution which totally or partially
lost their initial properties and (2) non-usable by-products newly generated in the course of
production.
Consumption wastes are represented by residues of substances, materials and goods (products)
which partially or totally lost their consumptive properties as a result of personnel activities, use or
operation.
According to RF Ministry of Natural Resources (RF MNR) Order No. 511 dated June 15, 2001
"On Establishment of hazardous wastes environmental risks rating criteria" it has been affirmed that
wastes, with respect to environmental dimension, are subdivided into five hazard classes:
hazard class 1 (extremely hazardous);
hazard class 2 (highly hazardous);
hazard class 3 (moderately hazardous);
hazard class 4 (low-hazardous);
hazard class 5 (virtually non-hazardous);

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3.6.2 Wastes index and characteristics


In order to provide proper conditions for uninterrupted Terminal operation it is foreseen to
create pertinent infrastructure within the framework of the project. Generation of wastes is
anticipated at all stages of activities including:
- construction;
- Object operation.
Each of aforementioned stages assumes generation of wide range of wastes for which particular
methods of collection and disposal should be envisaged.
Taking into account the fact that at the stage of design documentation development stage it is
impossible to perform proper chemical analysis of wastes which may be generated in the course of
production activities it is agreed that compositional analysis of the entire wastes index will be done
based on methodological instructive regulations, product and raw materials Specifications and with
reference to similar projects data.
Waste hazard class is defined according to Federal Classificatory Catalogue of Wastes (FCCW)
approved by RF MNR Order No. 786 dated 02.12.2002 entitled "On Approval of Federal
Classificatory Catalogue of Wastes" as reworded by RF MNR Order No. 663 entitled "On Additions
to FCCW" dated July 30, 2003.
3.6.2.1 Construction period
Construction of Terminal will cause generation of considerable wastes volumes.
According to the decisions regarding construction organization activities the standard duration
of objects and facilities complex construction is 24 months.
It is assumed the during construction period wastes will be generated in the course of below
listed technological operations:
- Installation of pipelines will generate wastes classified as spent welding electrodes, welding
slag, lump impurity-free steel scrap (pipes), insulated wire and cable wastes, polypropylene (PP)
wastes (tape).
- Execution of civil and erection works on Terminal facilities assumes generation of standard
construction materials wastes: steel pipes cut-outs, stub ends of welding electrodes, welding slag,
residues of cement, concrete, masonry and plaster cement-sand mortar, steel reinforcement rods,

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roofing and cladding materials, saw materials, gypsum board, brick scrap etc. Classification
construction materials is given below.
- Technical maintenance of construction equipment and vehicles followed by generation of
wastes which may be classified as spent motor oils, transmission and hydraulic liquids, oilcontaminated wiping rags, spent oil filters, spent fuel filters, spent air filters, spent lead batteries,
spent tires and wastes containing ferrous and non-ferrous metals.
It is foreseen that construction site territories will be illuminated by pole-mounted sodium
lamps. Amenity and office premises will be illuminated by luminescent lamps. Replacement of spent
mercury-containing lamps used for construction areas and amenity premises illumination will cause
generation of wastes which will be classified as mercury-containing lamps, spent mercury-containing
luminescent tubes and rejects.
Generation of considerable volume of wastes is anticipated as a result of construction camp
residents activities. Basic wastes generating activities are:
- External and internal illumination provided by luminescent lamps subject to replacement after
coming out of service and causing generation of wastes which may be classified as mercurycontaining lamps, spent mercury-containing luminescent tubes and rejects.
- Daily living activities of workers employed in construction followed by generation of wastes
which may be classified as unsorted wastes of contractors' amenity areas (excluding large-size),
unsorted domestic wastes (excluding large-size), dump wells wastes (deposits) and residential
sewage, unsorted kitchen and canteen wastes.
It is foreseen to organize collection of residential sewage and surface water wastes with further
separated treatment of the above in waste treatment facilities. Wastes generated as a result of above
activities will be classified as wastes (deposits) generated during sewage water treatment.
It is anticipated that administrative complex executing construction activities management will
generate wastes classified as:
- unsorted wastes of contractors' amenity areas (excluding large-size);
- paper and cardboard wastes generated by clerical work flow.
According to safety regulations all workers should be equipped by special garments and
footwear. Scheduled exchange of special garments and footwear (roughly once every year) may
generate wastes which may be classified as:
It is assumed the during construction period wastes will be generated in the course of below
listed technological operations:
- Installation of pipelines will generate wastes classified as spent welding electrodes, welding
slag, lump impurity-free steel scrap (pipes), insulated wire and cable wastes, polypropylene (PP)
wastes (tape).
- Execution of civil and erection works on Terminal facilities assumes generation of standard
construction materials wastes: steel pipes cut-outs, stub ends of welding electrodes, welding slag,
residues of cement, concrete, masonry and plaster cement-sand mortar, steel reinforcement rods,
roofing and cladding materials, saw materials, gypsum board, brick scrap etc. Classification
construction materials is given below.
- Technical maintenance of construction equipment and vehicles followed by generation of
wastes which may be classified as spent motor oils, transmission and hydraulic liquids, oilcontaminated wiping rags, spent oil filters, spent fuel filters, spent air filters, spent lead batteries,
spent tires and wastes containing ferrous and non-ferrous metals.
It is foreseen that construction site territories will be illuminated by pole-mounted sodium
lamps. Amenity and office premises will be illuminated by luminescent lamps. Replacement of spent
mercury-containing lamps used for construction areas and amenity premises illumination will cause
generation of wastes which will be classified as mercury-containing lamps, spent mercury-containing
luminescent tubes and rejects.
Generation of considerable volume of wastes is anticipated as a result of construction camp
residents activities. Basic wastes generating activities are:

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- External and internal illumination provided by luminescent lamps subject to replacement after
coming out of service and causing generation of wastes which may be classified as Mercurycontaining lamps, spent mercury-containing luminescent tubes and rejects.
- Daily living activities of workers employed in construction followed by generation of wastes
which may be classified as unsorted wastes of contractors' amenity areas (excluding large-size),
unsorted domestic wastes (excluding large-size), dump wells wastes (deposits) and residential
sewage, unsorted kitchen and canteen wastes.
It is foreseen to organize collection of residential sewage and surface water wastes with further
separated treatment of the above in waste treatment facilities. Wastes generated as a result of above
activities will be classified as wastes (deposits) generated during sewage water treatment.
It is anticipated that administrative complex executing construction activities management will
generate wastes classified as:
unsorted wastes of contractors' amenity areas (excluding large-size);
paper and cardboard wastes generated by clerical work flow.
According to safety regulations all workers should be equipped by special garments and
footwear. Scheduled exchange of special garments and footwear (roughly once every year) may
generate wastes which may be classified as:
- Cut-outs and of scraps of mixed fabrics (special garment wastes).
- Non-contaminated rubber products which lost consumptive properties (spent rubber boots),
- Leather-made work footwear which lost consumptive properties.

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3.6.2.2 Period of operation


Wastes generation during Terminal operation is characterized by processes associated with:
- treatment and preparation of gas supplied;
- grinding of pipelines;
- replacement of process equipment filter elements;
- unpacking of containers with chemical agents used in technological processes;
- technical maintenance and repair of main and auxiliary equipment;
- operation of wastes treatment facilities for:
- surface water wastes;
- residential sewage wastes;
- cleaning of territory and premises;
- personnel daily living activities.
External illumination of territory and premises will be provided by pole-mounted lamps
- 150, -250 and -400; illumination of production premises - by lighting fixtures with
lamps -18-, -36, -58, MASTER PL-S 8W, MASTER PL-T 18W/840/4P 1, MASTER
PL-T 26W/830/4P 1CT, -250, - 400, -250. Replacement of spent mercury-containing
lamps used for construction areas and amenity premises external illumination will cause generation
of wastes which may be classified as mercury-containing lamps, spent mercury-containing
luminescent tubes and rejects.
It is foreseen that uninterrupted power supply for power-driven equipment will be provided by
alkaline nickel-iron batteries. Replacement of uninterrupted power supply sources will cause
generation of battery wastes which may be classified as battery wastes (alkaline nickel-iron
batteries).
Feed gas will be cleaned by absorption treatment technique. Feed gas treatment may generate
the following wastes:
- spent filters which may be classified as spent filtering and absorption mass contaminated by
hazardous substances;
- spent activated carbon generated during carbon filter replacement which may be classified as
spent carbon filters contaminated by hazardous substances;
- spent PP cartridges generated during cartridge filter replacement which may be classified as
hardened PP wastes;

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- empty containers contaminated by antifoam agent which are generated during antifoam
containers unpacking which may be classified as polymer material wastes;
- unpacking of activated carbon generates wastes presented in the form of non-returnable
containers - steel barrels contaminated by activated carbon which may be classified as Wastes of
impurity-containing ferrous metals (steel barrels contaminated by activated carbon);
- wastes generated by packing materials are classified as Wastes of paper and card board
packing materials (non-contaminated);
- wastes generated by steel containers are classified as Wastes of ferrous metals with
impurities (steel barrels contaminated by hydroxyethylpiperazine)
Humid gas after Acid Gas Removal Unit (AGRU) is supplied to gas dryer to prevent water
freezing which may be followed by crystalline hydrates formation in the cold section. Feed has
drying may cause generation of the following wastes:
- spent cartridge filters generated during replacement of regeneration gas filter which may be
classified as spent filtering and absorption mass contaminated by hazardous substances (filter of
regeneration gas);
- spent cartridge filters generated during replacement of gas dryers after-filter which may be
classified as spent filtering and absorption mass contaminated by hazardous substances (spent
cartridge filter of dehydration plant);
- spent molecular sieves generated during replacement of gas dryers which may be classified
as spent filtering and absorption mass contaminated by hazardous substances (spent molecular
sieve);
- spent porcelain balls generated during replacement of gas dryers which may be classified as
glass wastes (gas dryers);
- spent active aluminum oxide generated during replacement of gas dryers is classified as
Spent filtering and absorption mass contaminated by hazardous substances (spent active aluminum
oxide);
- bulk bags and spillages generated during molecular sieves unpacking and may be classified as
Polymer materials wastes (bulk bags);
- barrels and PE inserts contaminated by active aluminum oxide and spillages generated during
molecular sieves unpacking and may be classified as wastes of ferrous metals with impurities (steel
barrels contaminated by aluminum oxide);
- PE and PP porcelain ball bags and spillages generated during porcelain balls unpacking which
may be classified as Polymer materials wastes (porcelain balls containing bags).
To enable replacement of adsorbent in mercury extraction vessels provision is made for bypass.
Estimated service life of adsorbent is minimum 5 years. It is assumed that mercury extraction process
may generate the following wastes:
- spent adsorbent which may be classified as activated carbon wastes non-contaminated by
hazardous impurities (spent adsorbent);
- spent porcelain balls generated during replacement of gas dryers which may be classified as
glass wastes (gas dryers);
- steel barrels contaminated by activated carbon and spillages generated during activated
carbon unpacking and may be classified as wastes of ferrous metals with impurities (steel barrels
contaminated by activated carbon);
- spent cartridge filters generated during replacement of after-filter installed on mercury
extraction vessel spent filtering and absorption mass contaminated by hazardous substances (afterfilter installed on mercury extraction vessel);
Operation of air treatment plant may generate the following wastes:
- spent glass fiber filters generated during replacement of air suction filters and dryers inlet
filters which may be classified as other solid mineral wastes (Glass fiber filters);
- spent oil filters generated during replacement of degreasing filter installed in air compression
unit which may be classified as spent filtering and absorption mass contaminated by hazardous
substances (spent oil filters );

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- spent cellulose filters generated during replacement of compressed air filters installed in air
compression unit which may be classified as Paper and cardboard wastes (spent cellulose
compressed air filters);
- spent silencers generated during replacement of silencers in air compression unit which may
be classified as rockwool wastes (spent silencers);
- spent adsorbent generated during adsorbent replacement which may be classified as
Activated carbon wastes non-contaminated by hazardous impurities (spent adsorbent);
- steel barrels contaminated by activated carbon and spillages generated during activated
carbon unpacking which may be classified as wastes of ferrous metals with impurities (steel barrels
contaminated by activated carbon);
In order to provide production support provision is made for chemical storage. Chemical
storage handling may cause generation of the following wastes:
- spent amine generated during cleaning of amine drainage vessel which may be classified as
Other chemical wastes (Spent amine);
- spent cartridge filters generated during replacement of make-up amine filter which may be
classified as Polymer material wastes (make-up amine filter);
- steel barrels generated during offloading of amine used for system make-up which may be
classified as Wastes of ferrous metals with impurities (steel barrels contaminated by amine).
In order to satisfy diesel fuel requirements provision is made for diesel fuel storage. Diesel fuel
dispatched to the consumers is preliminarily treated by means of cartridge filters. Scheduled filters
replacement takes place once every month generating spent cartridge filters which may be classified
as spent filtering and absorption mass contaminated by hazardous substances (spent diesel fuel
filters).
Preparation for hot water supply will generate the following wastes:
- steel barrels contaminated by biocide generated during biocide offloading which may be
classified as wastes of ferrous metals with impurities (steel barrels contaminated by biocide);
- steel barrels contaminated by corrosion inhibitor generated during corrosion inhibitor
offloading which may be classified as wastes of ferrous metals with impurities (steel barrels
contaminated by corrosion inhibitor);
Handling of hot oil line will generate the following wastes:
- spent cartridge filters generated during replacement of hot oil filter which may be classified as
Spent filtering and absorption mass contaminated by hazardous substances (hot oil filter);
- steel oil-contaminated barrels generated during offloading of oil used for system make-up
which may be classified as wastes of ferrous metals with impurities (steel oil-contaminated barrels).
- spent heat-transfer oil generated during scheduled replacement of spent heat-transfer oil
which may be classified as Spent synthetic and mineral oils.
Handling nitrogen generation plant will generate the following wastes:
- spent PP filters generated during replacement of PP filters which may be classified as
Polymer material wastes (spent PP filters);
- spent molecular sieves generated during replacement of spent molecular sieves which may be
classified as spent filtering and absorption mass contaminated by hazardous substances (spent
molecular sieve);
- bulk bags and spillages contaminated by molecular sieve and generated during aluminum
oxide offloading which may be classified as polymer material wastes (bulk bags contaminated by
aluminum oxide).
Funtioning of the technological process zone may generate the following wastes:
- broken wood pallets generated during load handling works which may be classified as Wood
packing (non-returnable tare) made of natural wood;
- packing material wastes generated during unpacking and offloading of chemicals which may
be classified as Plastic (synthetic) tape wastes, non-contaminated.
Scheduled technical maintenance of main and auxiliary equipment (pumps, compressors,
overhead cranes) will generate the following wastes:
- spent industrial oil which may be classified as spent industrial oils;

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- spent compressor oil which may be classified as spent compressor oils;


- spent transformer oil which may be classified as spent transformer oils not containing
halogens, polychlorinated biphenyls and terphenyls;
- steel oil-contaminated barrels generated during offloading of compressor and industrial oil
used for system make-up which may be classified as scrape and wastes of ferrous metals with
impurities or contaminated by hazardous substances (steel oil-contaminated barrels).
- oil contaminated rugs which may be classified as wiping oil contaminated materials (oil
content over 15%);
- Worked-out units of technological equipment which may be classified as scrape and wastes
of ferrous metals with impurities or contaminated by hazardous substances.
In order to provide Terminal operational support provision is made for water treatment plants.
Water treatment demands employment of chemical agents whose offloading generates tare
contaminated by chemical agents, spent filters and water treatment causes deposits which may be
classified as:
- scrape and wastes of ferrous metals with impurities or contaminated by hazardous substances
(Steel barrels contaminated by aluminum sulphate);
- scrape and wastes of ferrous metals with impurities or contaminated by hazardous substances
(steel barrels contaminated by caustic soda);
- scrape and wastes of ferrous metals with impurities or contaminated by hazardous substances
(steel barrels contaminated by sodium bicarbonate);
- scrape and wastes of ferrous metals with impurities or contaminated by hazardous substances
(steel barrels contaminated by hydrochloric acid);
- polymer material wastes (polymer tare contaminated by calcium hypochlorite);
- paper and cardboard wastes with impregnation and coatings (paper bags contaminated by
calcium hypochlorite);
- wastes of hardened ion exchange resin (spent, inter alia) not containing hazardous substances;
- scrape and wastes of ferrous metals with impurities or contaminated by hazardous substances
(steel barrels contaminated by corrosion inhibitor);
- spent filtering and absorption mass contaminated by hazardous substances (sand filter);
- scrape and wastes of ferrous metals with impurities or contaminated by hazardous substances
(steel barrels contaminated by caustic soda);
Daily living activities of Terminal technical personnel will generate solid wastes which may be
classified as unsorted wastes of contractors' amenity areas (excluding large-size);
Functioning of dispatching post equipped with modern computer-based supervision and control
facilities will generate the following wastes:
- Office equipment consumables which may be classified as electrical equipment, devices,
apparatus and their components (spent printer and copying machine cartridges, worked-out
manipulators and keyboards);
- Scrap paper which may be classified as paper and cardboard wastes generated by clerical
work flow.
Solid surfaces cleaning will generate wastes in the form of sweepings which may be classified
as wastes (debris) generated during territory cleaning (sweepings).
Elimination of oil product spillages will generate oil-contaminated sand wastes which may be
classified as Sand contaminated by oils (oils content 15% and over).
Functioning of pre-separators, plate pack separator and cleaning of oil-storage pit of surface
effluents treatment facility will generate wastes in the form of Supernatant oil (benzine) catching
film.
Treatment of residential sewage wastes will generate surplus activated sludge classified as
wastes (deposits) generated during sewage water treatment and not included in other positions.
Analysis of design documentation and assessment of ecological impact caused by wastes
handling revealed the following.

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Process of construction will generate 45958.892 tones of wastes of hazard classes I-V - for the
entire period. Of which:
- 1st class hazard 0.592 t/period
- 2nd class hazard 2.452 t/period
- 3rd class hazard 485.519 t/period
- 4th class hazard 10384.569 t/period
- 5th class hazard 35085.760 t/period
Terminal operation will generate 271.882 tones of wastes with hazard class I-V of which:
- 1st class hazard 0.250 t/period
- 2nd class hazard 0.733 t/period
- 3rd class hazard 145.557 t/period
- 4th class hazard 124.621 t/period
- 5th class hazard 0.721 t/period
Wastes generated in the course of operation should be handed over for disposal, usage and
processed on contractual and single-letter basis by contractors holding licenses enabling them to
carry out pertinent activities.
During fulfilment of design decisions regarding construction and operation of the Terminal
provision will be made for interim wastes accumulation areas classified according to morphological
characteristics enabling separate waste collection and implementation of most useful wastes handling
procedure.
Collection, interim storage and transportation of wastes demand observance of pertinent safety,
ecological and fire safety regulations. System and technique of wastes collection, interim storage,
disposal, decontamination and burying stipulated in design decisions provide compliance with
regulatory requirements regarding environment protection against production and consumption
wastes.
All activities associated with sanitary maintenance of Terminal facilities, organization of
cleaning and maintenance of order should be carried out in conformity with approved regulations, on
regular basis and immediately after contact between wastes and environment with immediate
disposal and decontamination of wastes at specialized facilities and with observance of
environmental protection technologies.
Basic negative wastes impact on environment during construction and operation of the Object
will be exercised within terminal objects accommodating wastes disposed from the territory.
Where requirements regarding hazardous wastes accumulation, handling, disposal,
decontamination and recycling are duly observed it is expected that environmental impact will be
minimum and scheduled economic operations will be admissible.

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3.6.3 Activities providing mitigation of negative wastes impact on the environment


The following wastes handling requirements should be observed during Terminal construction
and operation:
- technological norms stipulated in the design decisions;
- general and specific environment protection requirements and activities based on applicable
ecological and health and hygiene rules and standards.
In general, wastes collection and accumulation should be carried out in accordance with types,
physical aggregate condition, fire-explosion characteristics and other properties and in conformity
with pertinent class of hazard.
Joint accumulation of different types of wastes is allowed where there is a unified wastes
recycling, disposal and decontamination procedure established and where wastes are compatible as
per their chemical or other properties.
Wastes should be disposed and used with intended purposes or laced in specially allocated
areas approved by local environment protection authorities and health and hygiene supervision
bodies.
Wastes accumulation should be carried out in a way enabling unobstructed loading of each
individual waste item onto the truck and further moving out of the territory.

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Wastes transportation should be carried out in a way excluding wastes loss, emergency
situations, impacts to environment, human health, commercial and other facilities.
Transportation of hazardous wastes is allowed by specially equipped trucks with observance of
applicable regulations.
Construction of duly equipped and safe wastes accumulation facilities is primary significant
project activity aiming to provide environmental protection against wastes impact during object
construction and operation.
Areas and methods of wastes accumulation should ensure:
- Null or minimum environmental impact of wastes, impossibility of risk or hazard to human
health caused either by local impact of high-toxicity wastes or by any probable worsening of
sanitary-epidemiological situation due to improper handling of low-toxicity organic wastes which
purpose may be achieved by:
provision of accumulation areas excluding propagation of contaminating substances contained
in the wastes;
equipping accumulation areas by containers whose type (design), dimensions and quantity
ensure maintaining of sanitary-epidemiological requirements and norms for design-required volumes
of wastes and periodicity of wastes disposal;
- Inaccessibility of high-hazard wastes for unauthorized personnel which purpose is achieved
by maintaining of proper security arrangements and limitation of access to the Terminal, namely:
provision of mechanical barrier in the form of continuous 2.5 meters high enclosure
made of profiled steel sheeting in accordance with SNiP 2.04.02-84 and RD 78.36.003-2002;
provision of additional mechanical barrier in the form of 1.5 meters high prohibited zone
fencing made of steel mesh, installed 5 meters away from main enclosure internal side and providing
traumatic (stub-cutting) impact on potential intruder (barbed-wire concertina);
provision of a single-line combined hardwire-wave alarm system across the perimeter;
provision of perimeter video monitoring facility equipped by high resolution and
sensitivity colour cameras with variofocal lens and integrated infrared lighting;
provision of perimeter security lighting enabling 3-4 meters wide continuous light trail
lengthwise the fencing;
provision of access control check points with regular staff;
- Limitation of personnel access to high-toxicity wastes which purpose is achieved by:
limitation of physical access to wastes accumulation areas;
use of premises security alarm system;
use of capped (plugged) accumulation facilities;
keeping personnel informed about wastes-caused hazards which purpose is achieved by:
training personnel to handle hazardous wastes;
provision of proper containers marking;
provision of warning signs;
- Preventing of wastes which are secondary material resources (SMR) from:
loosing their recyclable materials properties due to improper collection or storage which
purpose is achieved by:
establishment of separate SMR collection and accumulation system;
use of capped accumulation facilities;
- Minimization of wastes inflammation probability which purpose is achieved by:
observance of fire safety regulations including provision of firefighting equipment at
flammable wastes accumulation facilities;
use of capped accumulation facilities;
- Prevention of area littering which purpose is achieved by:
observance of wastes collection and accumulation regulations, namely:
provision of duly fenced open air wastes accumulation areas, provision of waste ponds
excluding wastes scattering;
- Convenience of wastes inventory and handling supervision which purpose is achieved by:

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separate accumulation of wastes in conformity with established wastes handling

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procedures;
walking and transport accessibility of wastes accumulation areas;
use of duly marked ponds;
regular maintaining of data reporting regarding wastes generation and accumulation in
the territory;
- Convenience of wastes disposal which purpose is achieved by proper Object territory space
planning in respect of access to wastes accumulation areas.
The following measures are foreseen where alteration of technological processes employed at
the Object cause generation of new types of wastes:
- definition of new wastes composition and hazard class, registration of wastes in the Federal
Register;
- definition of environment impacting wastes;
- supervision of environment impact norms observance in the sphere of wastes handling and
observance of wastes disposal permit together with documentation attached therewith;
- timely development (reviewing) of norms regarding wastes generation and disposal;
- analytical supervision of wastes qualitative characteristics and other environment impact
indexes (if required).
Additional organizational activities:
- Terminal construction phase:

disposal (storage, burying) of construction wastes approved as per classification and


types in areas which have been assigned, predefined and approved by pertinent administrative and
supervising authorities;

handover of high-toxicity wastes (for decontamination) and SMR (for recycling and
utilization) approved as per classification and volumes to specialized contractors possessing pertinent
technologies and licenses for which purpose at FEED and construction preparation phase provision
should be made to seek for such contractors, evaluate their capacities and establish business
communication.
- Terminal operation phase:

assign, by entity order, persons in charge for production supervision in the sphere of
wastes handling;

develop pertinent employee manuals;

maintain regular briefings to persons in charge for production supervision in respect of


observing Russian Federation legislation regarding production and consumption wastes handling and
safety regulations regarding hazardous wastes handling;

train working personnel in accordance with specially developed programs to enable them
handling, collecting and separating hazardous wastes;

organize generated wastes recording and timely handover to specialized licensed


contractors for disposal;

define (by coordination with supervising authorities operation in the sphere of


environment protection and sanitary and epidemiological safety) wastes disposal areas and
periodicity of wastes removal;

timely develop and submit approval the Wastes Generation and Disposal Limits Book,
obtain waste disposal limits;

provide timely payments for the disposed wastes;

organize cooperation with Federal Environmental, Engineering & Nuclear Supervision


Agency (Rostekhnadzor) and Federal Service for Supervision of Consumer Rights Protection and
Human Welfare (Rospotrebnadzor) in all issues regarding safety of wastes handling.

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3.7 Physical Environmental Factors Impact


3.7.1 Acoustic impact at construction phase

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Land plot allotted for the object entitled "Terminal for production and transshipment of
liquefied natural gas (LNG) located in the sea port of Vysotsk, Leningrad Region, with annual LNG
transshipment capacity of 660 thousand tones including branch leading from main pipeline
"Leningrad-Vyborg-State border" is located 2.5 km away from Vysotsk.
Calculation of noise pollution level for construction phase is not required because objects
subject to limitations are located at a distance over 1 km. Noise pollution levels at the nearest
residential area are not exceeding normative requirements of SN 2.2.4/2.1.8.562-96 in respect of
maximum noise levels for residential premises (55dBA).
Noise protection activities
Aiming to decrease noise pollution level during construction works execution the following
noise decreasing measures are foreseen:

use of high noise generating construction machines during day time;

putting mechanisms to preventive maintenance;

shutdown of machine motors during downtime or technical intervals;

selection (in order to reduce noise level) of mostly rational equipment and machines
operation mode and limitation of machines operation in proximity to residential zones;

selection of machines and equipment with noise characteristics providing observance of


noise pollution requirements for the working places and in proximity to residential zones;

employment of noise decreasing facilities (silencers, sound absorbing hoods etc.) for
high-noise equipment and machines.

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3.7.2 Acoustic impact at operation phase


One gate only should be used for entry-departure. Average number of materials delivery trucks
should be 2 trucks per day.
Vacuum truck should enter the production area once every 3 months and remove (from dump
wells) domestic wastes generated as a result of economic activities and residential sewage.
For LNG transportation 40 trucks per day may enter and depart from the Terminal.
LNG loading may be carried out simultaneously on 2 vessels, 2 vessels per day.
The below listed non-continuous noise sources (NS) will be located near the boundary of
approximately estimated protected sanitary zone of Object under design:
- offloading site for waste collection vehicles, 1 truck per day (NS 1), operation time 8.00 20.00;
- specialized truck disposing deposits from sewage treatment plants (NS 2) - monthly, during
day time 8.00-20.00;
- vacuum truck disposing residential sewage (NS 3) - once every quarter during day time;
- boiler plant (NS 4) - 24 hours operation;
- stand-by diesel generator (NS 5) which is activated in emergency events up to elimination of
power supply failure;
- ventilation equipment installed in technical maintenance shop (NS 6) operation during day
time;
- ventilation equipment installed in water treatment plant (NS 7) - 24 hours operation;
- complete transformer substation (NS 8) - 24 hours operation;
- biogenic gas pump (NS 9) - 24 hours operation;
- specialized LNG carrying vehicles (NS 10) - 24 hours operation;
- two vessels per day loaded by LNG (NS 11).
Calculation of noise pollution caused by stand-by diesel generator (NS 5) are not required
because it is activated in emergency case only.
Calculation of noise pollution caused by ventilation equipment installed in technical
maintenance shop (NS 6) and water treatment plant (NS 7) are not required due to their low
production capacity and large distance from calculation points.
Calculation of noise pollution caused by transformer substation is not required because
calculations performed at similar facility revealed that during night time maximum admissible noise
pollution from transformer substation is reached at a distance of 20 meters from the facility.
Land plot allotted for Terminal arrangement is located 2.5 km away from Vysotsk.
Estimated protected sanitary zone of Object under design is 1000 meters.
Nearest residential area is located 2.5 km away (Vysotsk, Krasnoflotskaya Street, 12)
To facilitate calculations it is agreed to select a reference point (RP1) on C33 boundary in the
direction of residential area.
Retrieved data are not exceeding regulatory requirements of Sanitary Norms (SN)
2.2.4/2.1.8.562-96 in regard of admissible equivalent noise levels for territory adjoining the
residential houses (55dBA) and for residential premises (40 dBA) during night time.
Retrieved data are not exceeding regulatory requirements of SN 2.2.4/2.1.8.562-96 in regard of
admissible equivalent noise levels for territory adjoining the residential houses (70 dBA) and for
residential premises (55 dBA) during day time.
Calculation results allow to conclude that accumulated equivalent and accumulated maximum
levels of noise pollution generated by all Terminal noise sources on reference boundary 33 and on
boundaries of residential areas and in residential premises are not exceeding the specified norms both
during day and during night time.
Noise protection activities
During Terminal operation it is necessary to fulfil the following noise pollution decreasing
activities during machines operation in order to satisfy applicable sanitary regulations:

equip working personnel with noise and vibration protection equipment (ear sets, inserts,
helmets) and organize systematic medical examinations aiming to reveal occupational diseases;

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put mechanisms to preventive maintenance;


shutdown motors during downtime or technical intervals;
delivery of raw materials and stock by trucks to the Terminal will be exercised from 8.00

to 20.00.

use of low-noise generating small-size machines.


The aforementioned activities allow to decrease level of noise generated during construction
works execution in proximity to residential areas to the specified parameters conforming to SN
2.2.4/2.1.8.562-96.

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3.8 Data regarding sanitary protection zone


According to Sanitary Rules and Regulations (SanPiN) 2.2.1/2.1.1.1200-03 entitled "Sanitary
protection zones and sanitary classification of enterprises, facilities and other objects" (New edition),
objects producing environmental impact require elaboration of sanitary protection zone size
substantiation project.
Boundaries of sanitary protection zone are fixed from source of chemical, biological and/or
physical impact or from the boundary of land plot owned by industrial enterprise or object for the
purpose of economic activities and registered in accordance with the established procedure (industrial
site). Therefore, sanitary protection zone is a compulsory component of each object producing
environmental impact (outside industrial site of which the pollution levels exceed 0.1 of Maximum
Permissible Concentration (MPC) and/or Maximum Permissible Level (MPL)).
Criterion to fix the size of sanitary protection zone is non-exceeding (on its external boundary
and outside the latter) of MPC of polluting elements in atmospheric air of residential areas and MPL
of physical impact on atmospheric air.
According to its functional use the sanitary protection zone performs as a protective barrier
providing proper population safety level during Object operation under normal conditions.
Nearest residential territory (Vysotsk) is located 2500 m away. Within approximate C33
boundary there are no residential buildings.
Pollutants dissipation pattern was calculated and sanitary protection zone boundaries were
established for the Terminal
with reference to chemical factor and sanitary protection zone was defined with reference to
physical impact factors pursuant to the design solutions.
According to sanitary classification set forth in new SanPiN Edition 2.2.1/.2.1.1.1200-03 this
enterprise may be referred to hazard class I with estimated size of sanitary protection zone amounting
to 1000 meters.
Size of estimated sanitary protection zone is maintained in all directions.
Sanitary protection zone boundary is displayed in the layout (Appendix 1 hereto).
Based on work performed, pursuant to town-planning situation, with consideration of
atmospheric air pollution and with reference to physical (noise) impact level the following was
revealed:
estimated size of sanitary protection zone for the Terminal under design amounting,
according to SanPiN 2.2.1/.2.1.1.1200-03 (new edition) 1000 meters has been duly observed. Within
estimated sanitary protection zone boundaries there are no residential buildings, recreation zones etc.
whose location in the zone is inadmissible according to item 5.1 of SanPiN 2.2.1/.2.1.1.1200-03.
analysis of calculations of pollutant -in-atmospheric air emissions dissipation revealed
that maximum concentration on the estimated boundary of enterprise sanitary protection zone is not
exceeding 0.1 of MPC as per entire pollutants under analysis;
analysis of calculations of accumulated noise impact from entire sources on the boundary
of estimated sanitary protection zone and residential zone territory revealed that calculated noise
levels do not exceed normative requirements of SN 2.2.4/2.1.8.562-96 for day and night time.
Proceeding from calculation results regarding pollutants concentrations and physical impact
(noise levels) on the boundary of estimated zone (1000 meters) it has been established that there
is no excessive enterprise impact on environment and on residential area.

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4. MITIGATION OF PROBABLE EMERGENCY SITUATIONS AND


IMPACTS
13.1 Analysis of basic accident sources
Operation of LNG processing, liquefying, handling and loading Terminal is associated with
handling of considerable volumes of hazardous substances most part of which is represented by
combustible gases. Besides, in order to provide technological support there are products and auxiliary
materials (highly flammable and combustible substances) which are produced, stored and handled
within the Terminal. Accidents probability within the technological facilities of the Terminal is
stipulated first of all by explosive and combustible nature of these hazardous substances and,
secondly, by considerable installed power capacity.
Basic factors which may affect the possibility of accident occurrence and propagation are:
nature of loads and impacts to which the facility is subjected;
low working liquids temperature;
considerable pipelines length;
high energy intensity;
long service life periods stipulated by the design;
impact from neighbouring facilities and communication lines;
anthropogenic factors;
climatic, hydrogeological/, seismic and other environmental conditions.

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Factors giving rise to accidents occurrence and


propagation.
Presence of considerable amount of equipment, pipelines
and vessels handling large volumes of substances classified
as fire hazardous products which may potentially cause
explosion or inflammation, mechanical and thermal
destruction of equipment, produce impact on neighbouring
plants and generate hazardous gas accumulation zones.
2.Equipment and pipelines operating under pressure are
withstanding wide range of vibration loads, high stresses
caused by internal pressure and considerable concentration
of stresses in pipe-valve connection points which factors
are extra risks of destruction.
Defects of pipes and fittings, fatigue damage of metal,
automation or electrical equipment failure also constitute
considerable danger from the viewpoint of destruction.
4.Failure of trip automation, shutoff and safety valves.

Probable accident sources.


Loss of containment or destruction of technological
equipment, pipelines, fittings due to manufacturing defects,
mechanical damage, corrosion, defective civil and erection
works etc.

Failure to timely detect the equipment or pipeline defect and


to take remedial measures.

Hazardous substances leakage due to untight flange


connections of pipelines and equipment, failure or
unauthorized installation of cut-off valves on technological
lines due to design defects or unsatisfactory condition of
equipment.
The Terminal is operating in condition of considerable
Personnel faults during technological process management:
environmental impacts which may inflict damage to
disturbance of equipment and control system operation,
structures or cause their failure when they respond to such operating of defective emergency protections, non-observance
conditions.
of safety regulations stipulated by work schedules and safety
instructions, use of spark generating equipment or open fire in
gas-hazardous zones.

Brief description of most severe and most probable accidents scenarios


Analysis of reasons of accidents occurrence on hazardous facilities and of hazardous
substances allowed to reveal most probable scenarios of accident propagation on the object under
consideration.
The object under consideration may encounter typical scenarios of accident propagation for the
below listed groups of equipment and substances.
Groups of equipment:
no-pressure tanks and vessels;
pressurized tanks and vessels;

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heat exchange equipment;


pumps;
compressors;
technological pipelines.
Types of substances:
Flammable gases (inter alia, liquefied hydrocarbon gases).
Combustible liquids (inter alia, highly flammable liquids).
Toxic liquids.
For aforementioned group of equipment and substances the below listed typical accident
scenarios are possible.
Scenarios of accidents leading to explosion of Fuel-Air Mixture (FAM) cloud formed by gas
released from equipment.
Complete (partial) destruction of equipment (pipeline) release of hazardous substance
generation of FAM cloud propagation of FAM cloud + source of ignition explosion of FAM
cloud baric and thermal impact on personnel, buildings and equipment, environment pollution.
Scenarios of accidents leading to explosion of FAM cloud formed by vaporizing liquid
vapours.
- Complete (partial) destruction of equipment (pipeline) - release of hazardous substance
followed spillage - evaporation from spillage surface - formation of FAM cloud composed of vapors
- propagation of FAM cloud + source of ignition - explosion of FAM cloud .
Accident scenarios leading to physical explosion .
- complete destruction of equipment containing pressurized hazardous substance - formation of
excessive pressure wave - baric impact on personnel, buildings and equipment, environment
pollution.
Accident scenarios leading to spillage inflammation.
- Complete (partial) destruction of equipment (pipeline) - release of hazardous substance
(combustible liquid, LPG) + source of ignition - inflammation of spillage - thermal impact on
personnel, buildings and equipment, environment pollution.
Accident scenarios leading to "ball fire" formation.
- Destruction of equipment containing the "overheated" liquid - spillage of hazardous liquid,
ebullition and evaporation of entire spillage volume - formation of heterogenic cloud (gas phase +
liquid phase spots) + source of ignition - formation of "ball fire" - thermal impact on personnel,
buildings and equipment, environment pollution.
Scenario of accidents leading to thermal impact inflicted by cryogenic liquids and toxic impact.
- Complete (partial) destruction of LNG vessel- release of hazardous substance and formation
of spillage - cryogenic impact on personnel and equipment in the zone of spillage - evaporation from
spillage surface and formation of toxic cloud - toxic impact by hydrocarbons and environment
pollution .
Scenarios of accidents leading to brush flame of "jet flame".
- Complete (partial) depressurization of equipment (pipeline) - release of hazardous substance
(combustible gas) + source of ignition - formation of "jet flame" - thermal impact on personnel,
buildings and equipment, environment pollution.
Scenarios of accidents leading to brush flame of "ditch fire" type.
- Complete (partial) depressurization of equipment (pipeline) - release of hazardous substance
(combustible gas) + source of ignition - formation of to brush flame of "ditch fire" type - thermal
impact on personnel, buildings and equipment, environment pollution.
Accident scenario leading to environment pollution.
- Complete (partial) destruction of equipment - release of hazardous substance - environment
pollution.
Analysis of risks undertaken during development of Industrial Safety Declaration revealed that
according to RF Government Guidelines No.304 dated 21.05.2007 entitled "Classification of
emergency situations of natural and technogenic modes":

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- criterion of affecting factors propagation zone boundary (on object under consideration)
admits occurrence of on-site (accident zone is not extending outside industrial or community
infrastructure facilities) and local Emergency Situations (ES) (ES zone is not extending outside
residential place, town, region).
- criterion of "humanitarian damage" on object under consideration admits occurrence of onsite (number of affected persons - maximum 10, living conditions damage of maximum 100 persons)
and local ES (number of affected persons - minimum 10 and maximum 50, living conditions damage
for minimum 100 to maximum 300 persons).
- criterion "material damage" on object under consideration admits occurrence of on-site
(material damage maximum 100 000 rubles), local (material damage minimum 100 and maximum 5
mln rubles) and regional ES (material damage minimum 5 mln rubles and maximum 500 mln rubles).
According to Appendix D to Set of Rules (SR) -11-113-2002 - the Object territory is
designated as acceptable risk zone for both criteria: "frequency of occurrence - financial loss" and
"frequency of occurrence - social injury".

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13.3 Assessment of accident environmental impact


Impact in atmospheric air
Typical accidents occurring on gas processing and producing facilities are connected mainly
with depressurization of equipment, pipelines and storage vessels, release of hydrocarbons to
atmosphere and propagation of spillage, fire and explosions.
Most hazardous accident propagation scenarios on LNG production, storage and handling
facilities are:
- hydrocarbon gas leakage and "jet flame" burning;
- explosions of air-vapour mixtures;
- spillages and spillage fires.
- spillage of fuel and lubricants.
Main impact on air basin condition during accidents is inflicted in the form of atmospheric air
contamination by pollutant emissions from sources located at the site of Terminal.
In order to define accidental emissions impact on atmospheric air the calculation was
performed with the use of "Ecologist" unit (based on Unified Program of air pollution estimation,
version 3.0) aiming to determine pollutants dissipation pattern (calculation is included in Book 3.
Environment impact assessment. Appendices).
Impact on water objects
Highest impact on water environment during accidents is produced when hazardous pollutants
are entering water. Most harmful consequences for the environment occurring at onshore facilities
are associated with spillages of hydrocarbon-containing pollutants caused by hydrocarbons release
during technological operations, offloading, storage and due to accidents. Spillage probability and
scale assessment should facilitate substantiation of accident prevention measures included in the
project as its ecological safety element.
Accidental pollution of water objects at construction phase may be caused by sewage/wastes
accumulation vessels destruction and by oil and lubricants washed-off from construction sites by
precipitations.
Accidents resulting in spillage of sewage wastes, hydrocarbon-contaminated effluents and
other harmful pollutants require prompt notification of personnel and instant execution of pollution
source elimination activities, localization of damaged area and collecting of pollutants spread on the
surface.
Accidental situation is monitored by means of low temperature sensors installed emergency
spillage collectors.
Collectors volume is designed to accept required volume of liquid and foam at accidental
situation.
Equipment containing explosion/fire hazardous and toxic substances is installed in trays
designed to localize any probable spillage.

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Emergency discharge of fire/explosion hazardous substances is foreseen in order to decrease


potential hazard for technological assembly units during accident. Vapour phase discharge is
performed with the use of emergency pressure release valves towards continuously operating torch
system.
Closed circuit represented by sealed pipelines and vessels system is designed to collect
drainages of equipment containing fire/explosion hazard liquids. The drainage vessels provide
separation of vapour and liquid phases. Vapours are further delivered for incineration to the torch
units. Hydrocarbon liquids are delivered for afterburning.
Observance of safety regulations, works schedules, design solutions and equipment monitoring
requirements are most appropriate accident prevention measures.
Impact on soil mantle and land
Technological operations may cause negative impacts on soils adjoining the operating objects.
Such impacts may be inflicted by spillage of hydrocarbons, methanol, diesel fuel, oil and lubricants.
Methanol, like any other alcohol product, belongs to sterilizing substances and may suppress soil
bacteria which are facilitating destruction of organic matter. Earth moving and temporary site
buildings demounting works may cause ingress of pollutants into soil and subsoil.
Reasons of such ingress are:
non-observance of oil/lubricants, bulk materials and chemicals storage regulations;
emergency spillage of oil/lubricants and chemicals on the ground;
pollutants emission by vehicles and construction machines;
formation of unauthorized garbage and waste dumps during construction and operation
of objects and facilities.
Most drastic accident consequences are represented by oil/lubricants spillage because volatile
aromatic hydrocarbons are easily decomposed and removed from soils. Diesel fuel decomposition is
a very slow process because components destruction is inhibited by each other and transformation of
particular components is leading to formation of components resistant to oxidation etc.
Impact on biological resources
Explosion of vapour-air mixture may cause direct (animals death, contusions etc.) and indirect
(frightening away from parturiating, breeding and feeding areas etc.) harmful impact on wild animals
inhabiting the territory under consideration.
In the event of fire mainly impacted are invertebrate animals, small mammals, amphibia and
reptiles and (where accident is taking place during breeding period) eggs batches, small birds and
animals.
Wildlife habitat areas will be strongly impacted and their properties (feeding, protective) even
denaturalized.
Spillage of oil and lubricants affects mostly insects and soil invertebrates.
Considerable impact will be inflicted to wildlife habitat areas. Ingress of oil and lubricants in
water basins may cause extermination of ichthyofauna.
Impact on construction site fauna in the event of accident will be local and may not
considerably affect on wildlife of region under consideration in general.

13.4 Accidents prevention and hazardous substances spillage localization


activities
Activities aiming to prevent accident propagation and localize accidental emissions on facility
under consideration are:
Development of accident elimination plans (emergency situation localization and
elimination plans), emergency situation prevention and elimination plan (s).
Entering into contracts with specialized contractors rendering services aimed at rescuing
of people and valuable property and prevention of natural and technogenic accidents.
Accumulating of emergency stock of materials, tools and equipment used for accidents
elimination.
To prevent occurrence of accidents and minimize consequences the following should be
provided:

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1. During object construction and operation it is required to maintain technical and designer's
supervision of construction works quality, construction works execution in compliance with design
and regulatory documentation requirements, use of certified construction equipment, materials and
technologies and observance of operation rules.
2. It is required to timely fulfill preventive and scheduled activities aiming to reveal defects
of equipment, assemblies and parts, to repair or replace them.
3. Perform monitoring of operation instructions observance, process discipline observance,
monitoring of activities aiming to extend equipment service life, timely performing of accident
recovery and repair works.
4. Perform monitoring of HSE regulations observance.
5. Maintain timely technical inspections for underground and aboveground pipelines and
shutoff valves within the Terminal, technical maintenance and repairs, check pipeline wall thickness
in areas mostly subjected to erosion and corrosion wear by NDT tools. Maintain timely technical
maintenance, scheduled and current repairs of main and auxiliary technological equipment in
compliance with manufacturers instructions and regulatory documentation specifying technical
maintenance and repair requirements.
6. Systematically check condition of technological facilities, corrosion condition of their steel
structures, foundation settlement condition, roof condition, thermal insulation and cladding glass
condition. Execute timely repairs of the above mentioned buildings and facilities.
7. In order to prevent technological pipelines and pressure vessels depressurization it is
required to check condition of safety valves and instrumentation devices, perform monitoring of
potentially hazardous elements automatically controlled parameters, exercise control over distributed
control system, over technological, warning, emergency signalling and actuating inputs.
8. Maintain operable condition and continuous readiness of fire alarm and automatic
firefighting facilities, gas accumulation alarm and automatic ventilation systems in production
premises and facilities, perform periodical actuation and/or functioning testing of stand-by and
emergency power supply and illumination systems.
9. Enter into technical maintenance contracts with equipment manufacturers to enable timely
and qualified repair of the main equipment. Timely and fully certify all equipment and materials with
the use of independent contractors services.
10. Ensure proper maintaining of design-estimate and operational documentation.
11. Maintain sufficient reserves of material-and-technical resources sufficient for accidents
elimination.
12. Regularly train, test and check personnel representing all Terminal divisions according to
dedicated accidents localization and elimination Program including defense against affecting factors
in emergency situations. Improve production personnel's professional and emergency response skills,
train personnel to act in emergency cases.
In order to timely prevent and eliminate accidents, natural disasters and catastrophes, to
coordinate activities of management bodies and facilities involved in emergency situations and to
exercise control over implementation of accident and natural disaster mitigation measures the
COMPANY established a Commission on prevention and elimination of emergency situations and
fire safety.
Commission of facility under consideration will exercise its activities as follows:
- day-to-day activities (standard production, radiation, chemical, biological etc. condition);
- higher state of readiness (deterioration of situation and anticipated ES occurrence);
- emergency situation (ES occurrence and elimination).
Functioning of ES prevention and elimination system in each of aforementioned modes
stipulates execution of particular activities aimed at:
- ES prevention;
- improvement of objects ES response capacities and setting accidents eliminating manpower
and facilities to readiness;
- salvage and rescuing of personnel life and health, mitigation of damage and losses,
localization and elimination of ES.

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Package of preventive organizational, technical and specialized day-to-day measures at facility


under consideration includes:
- organization of industrial safety condition monitoring of potentially hazardous object by own
efforts and with participation of overhead organizations;
- development of operative and reference documentation regarding ES issues, planning of
measures aiming to improve object functioning stability in ES;
- development of activities in preparation for most probable emergency situations for
potentially hazardous object;
- preparation of control bodies for operations in ES condition and maintaining them in
continuous readiness;
- planning and implementation of ES preventive measures;
- organization of enterprise personnel and neighbouring population emergency training
(accident within the object);
- timely declaring of potentially hazardous facility safety;
- establishment and maintaining of material and financial ES elimination reserves at the object
under consideration;
- implementation of targeted insurance to provide insurance protection in emergency case;
- participating in development and implementation of targeted and scientific-technical
accidents prevention and risks decreasing programs.
Basic activities fulfilled in "Shtockman Development AG" company in "higher state" mode are:
- organization of response teams to reveal the reasons of aggravation and to develop
normalization measures (if necessary - the team may depart to probable ES occurrence area);
- increase of monitoring within the object and adjoining territories, collection and exchange of
information regarding the situation in probable ES occurrence area;
- reinforcement of operations control service;
- implementation of measures aimed to prevent fatal cases, decrease of buildings, facilities and
equipment destruction probability in case of ES and to improve object operational stability in case of
ES;
- notification and putting enterprise medical service on an alert and readiness for injured
personnel acceptance and emergency hospital admission arrangement;
- deployment (within response teams) of emergency medical teams, organization (in probable
area of ES propagation) of casualty reception and first medical aid points;
- putting enterprise management bodies, manpower and equipment to "higher state" mode,
updating of activities plan and deployment, if required, to probable ES area.
Basic activities in emergency situation mode are aimed at rescuing of object personnel life
and health, decreasing of material loss and damage, localization of emergency situations and
elimination of ES-intrinsic hazardous factors.
These activities include:
organization of production personnel protection and personnel evacuation to safe areas, if so
required;
provision of first medical aid to injured persons and organization of their evacuation by
emergency medical teams;
organization of works to provide stable enterprise functioning;
urgent formation and deployment of response teams in ES area (if they were not formed in
"higher state" mode);
reconnaissance and definition of ES zone boundaries;
organization of ES elimination;
exercising of continuous 24 hours monitoring of situation on accident facilities and
adjoining territories.
Key element of aforementioned activities is timely formation, gathering and deployment of
response teams to ES area. Volunteer emergency response teams may be used to improve operational
efficiency. Elimination of probable accidents and their consequences on the object under

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consideration is performed by efforts and means of "Shtockman Development AG". Staff of


Emergency Situations Ministry may be used if required.
High level of readiness of response teams manpower and facilities is achieved by fulfilling of
the following measures:
- maintaining of continuous response teams readiness to be deployed in ES area after alarm
signal acceptance and organization of warning in conformity with response team gathering Plan;
- completing the staff of response teams in compliance with staff schedule;
- equipping the teams with machines, equipment, tooling spare parts and consumables in
compliance with store warrant;
- response teams training and drilling in conformity with their intended purpose and emergency
drill (deployment) schedules (deployment - minimum once every quarter of a year);
- organization of urgent individual protection means dispensing during off-job (night) hours
and in ES zone;
- organization of urgent technological documentation handover aiming to organize recoveryand-repair works during work time and off-job (night) hours and in ES zone;
- provision of working places with autonomous illumination and communication facilities;
- drilling of urgent warning and gathering for response teams personnel;
- storing of material-and-technical resources for recovery-and repair works outside the probable
zones of destruction;
- drilling of catering and first aid items distribution in ES localization and elimination zone;
- provision of heated parking places for recovery-and-repair machines;
- maintaining access ways leading to storage premises in proper condition;
- drilling of response activities according to emergency schedules;
- drilling of interaction pattern and drawing (as agreed) of forces and means from the
neighbouring facilities.

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5 PROGRAM OF PRODUCTION ECOLOGY MONITORING (PEM) FOR


ECOSYSTEM COMPONENTS TRANSFORMATION TAKING PLACE
DURING CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE OBJECT
Environmental survey of Terminal territory enables the researchers to obtain information
regarding pollution level, production works influence and make assessment of ecological situation
and its development, estimate the necessity of environment protection and recovery activities in
respect of particular environment components.
Examination of soils, water objects, bottom deposits, subsoil waters, atmospheric air and noise
level enable the researcher to define terrain pollution degree.
Environmental survey should be performed in accordance with applicable legislation and
regulatory documents.
Terminal monitoring is fulfilled in several phases:
First (preliminary) phase - development of ecology monitoring project including definition and
establishment of environment component sampling check points with account to: terrain profile,
drainage characteristics of soil, vegetation mantle and arrangement of facilities under design on
Object territory.
Second (production) phase - sampling of environment components (atmospheric air, soils and
subsoils, bottom deposits, surface and subterranean waters, noises). Each sample is provided with
accompanying tag in which information regarding sample number, date etc. is entered. Samples are
delivered for laboratory check. Laboratory should hold official accreditation by RF State Standard.
Unauthorized change of sampling points, variation of monitoring periodicity and parameters is
inadmissible.
Third (final) phase - obtained results of physical-chemical and microbiological analyses enable
the researcher to assess the condition of territory under monitoring and present a report which allows
to estimate environment protection activities.
According to Set of Rules 2.1.7.1038-01 the Terminal Operator should develop regulations and
instructions regarding receiving, storage and processing of wastes with account to environment
protection requirements. As set forth in item 5.6 of the aforementioned document - Terminal
maintenance personnel should perform, on decade basis, visual monitoring of sanitary protection
zone for pollution.

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5.1 Tasks of the monitoring


Ecology monitoring includes:
obtaining of primary measurement data regarding pollution and ecological condition of
environment components under monitoring;
obtaining (on the basis of measurement data) of comprehensive environment condition
assessment with account to applicable norms and limitations regarding use of natural resources,
sanitary-hygienic norms and regulations and other regulations stipulated by Federal and territorial
authorities;
analysis of current ecological situation and forecasting of its development with the use of
mathematical modelling;
reliable and timely submission of monitoring results to interested users, environment
protection units employees and managers of operational units employed at oil field development
facilities, accumulation and storage of data during for any length of time, provision of data access on
request of the user in appropriate format;
information support during scheduled and emergency situations etc.
During operation of objects under design the following environment components are
monitored:
atmospheric air;
surface waters;
subterranean waters;

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soil mantle;
vegetation mantle;
wildlife;
geological environments.
Monitoring is performed by means of automatically controlled stationary posts obtaining
information from measuring facilities - ground observation points, by reconnaissance surveys and by
remote observation facilities. All data obtained in the course of Production Ecology Monitoring
(PEM) are loaded into database and presented in the form of cards and summaries. Unfavourable
ecological processes are monitored over a distance up to 1 km away from Terminal boundaries.

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5.2 Monitoring of atmospheric air


Monitoring of atmosphere is aimed to assess dynamics of air condition variation at all phases
of Terminal operation in order to develop environment mitigation procedures.
Monitoring of atmosphere will be aimed to observe current air condition, to assess pollution
forecasts and work out pollution decreasing measures in proximity to objects under design.
Recommendations regarding organization of monitoring of emissions to atmosphere generated
by objects under design, classification of pollution sources, periodicity and parameters monitoring
techniques are set forth in GOST 7.2.3.02-78, Directives for air pollution monitoring (RD
52.04.186-89) and Guidance Manual: calculation, regulating and monitoring of pollutants emission
to atmosphere, Saint Petersburg, 2005.
Monitoring techniques and facilities are established as set forth in document entitled
Measurement methods of pollutants concentration in industrial enterprises emissions.
Emissions monitoring is performed by third party entities on contractual basis.
Selection of particular sources of pollution subject to continuous monitoring is the principal
task of production monitoring organization.
Simultaneously with air sampling it is required to check meteorological parameters like
direction, pressure and humidity of air.
In unfavourable weather conditions and during accidental emissions followed by considerable
rise of pollutants concentration in atmosphere it is expected that sampling frequency will be
increased.
Monitoring of atmospheric air condition includes two types of measurements:
- measurements on main air pollution sources;
- measurements in points selected within sanitary protection zone boundary
It is recommended to perform monitoring of Maximum Permissible Emissions (MPE) with
reference to air pollution measured in particularly selected points.
The laboratory monitoring includes:
- monitoring of air condition within Terminal territory and at the boundary
of sanitary protection zone.
Monitoring system should first of all provide for definition of pollutants concentrations and
referencing of data obtained with rated values.
According to GOST 17.2.3.02-78 - definition of emission volumes requires, essentially, direct
measurement of pollutant concentrations and gas-air mixture volumes directly in the points of
pollutant emission to atmosphere. Where direct measurements are impossible it is acceptable to use
balance, technological or any other technique of emission measurements.
In order to obtain information regarding air pollution around the object it is required to place
the monitoring posts in areas where air is affected by technogenic emissions and may be, therefore,
polluted and on sanitary protection zone boundary. The posts should be arranged in open areas with
dustless surface (asphalt or solid soil) and aerified from all directions . At that, consideration should
be given to frequency character of wind for the terrain under monitoring (RD 52.04.186-89
Guidance for atmosphere pollution monitoring). Reference sites are arranged in areas which are
not withstanding anthropogenic impact.

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Monitoring should be organized in Terminal territory and on sanitary protection zone (SPZ)
boundary. Distance between pollutant emitting production facilities is not large therefore only one
sampling point within Terminal territory is provided.
Frequency of atmospheric air monitoring in Terminal territory and SPZ boundary in the course
of the year - once every quarter (March, June, September and December) (Set of Rules 2.1.7.103801).
Monitoring system should provide for continuous observation of air condition. For this purpose
it is required to analyze samples of air taken over the Terminal territory and on SPZ boundary for
content of hazardous pollutants associated with biochemical decomposition of technical and
residential wastes.
In order to measure ground level concentration of pollutants in atmosphere samples are taken at
a height of 1.5-3.5 meters above the ground surface; duration of sampling aimed to determine onetime concentration of pollutant is 20-30 minutes. Atmospheric air is sampled with the use of aspirator
pump and contained in 10 liters PTFE bags duly sealed to avoid condensation of moisture (RD
52.04.186-89. Guidance for atmosphere pollution monitoring. - L.: Gidrometizdat, 1991). Sample is
provided with accompanying tag and delivered to the laboratory for analysis. Simultaneously with
that it is required to continue performing meteorological monitoring of wind (direction and speed)
and weather conditions.
Arrangement of monitoring posts is given in Table 5.2.1.

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Table 5.2.1 - Approximate arrangement of atmospheric air pollution monitoring posts


Substantiation of sampling point
Point No.
Sampling point
arrangement
1
2
3
TMA1
1000 meters to the east of Object
assessment of production facilities
boundary
impact and pollutants propagation on
TMA2
1000 meters to the south of Object SPZ boundary
boundary
TMA3
1000 meters to the west of Object
boundary
TMA4
1000 m to the north of Object
boundary
TMA5
residential area boundary
Vysotsk (2.5 km away from the site)
TMA6
residential area boundary
Pikhtovoye settlement (2.5 km away
from the site)

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5.3 Monitoring of surface WATERS


Monitoring of surface water condition within the territory of Terminal under design should be
undertaken in surface source upstream and downstream the Terminal.
It allows to detect surface wastes contamination, take timely elimination measures and fulfill
environment protection activities.
Quantitative composition of surface waters is monitored to detect physical-chemical
characteristics like content of ammonia, nitrites, nitrates, hydrocarbons, calcium, chlorides, iron,
sulphates, lithium, chemical oxygen demand (COD), biological oxygen demand (BOD), oil and oil
products, , magnesium, cadmium, chrome, cyanides, lead, mercury, arsenic, copper, barium, dry
residues; samples helminthological and bacteriological characteristics are also checked (Set of Rules
2.1.7.1038-01). Since Terminal operation excludes emission of pollutants into surface waters it is
expected that monitoring should be performed twice every year: in spring (after loss of snow) cover
and in summer ( at maximum air temperature).
Surface water monitoring points (intake points) are arranged in water basins and passageways
subjected to pollution from industrial objects and located downstream pollution emitting objects
(GOST 17.1.3.12-86).
Intake point is understood as a deemed cross section of water basin or passageway in which
water measurement works are performed.
Upstream intake is installed upwards of industrial objects at a distance which excludes
pollutants ingress; this allows to obtain baseline value of passageway water condition. Intake points
downstream the source (sources) of anthropogenic impact are selected with account to complete
environmental complex stipulating pollutants propagation in water passageway (Methodological
guidelines..., 1984; GOST 17.1.3.07-82).
Sampling (minimum volume 3 dm3) is made with the use of bathometer or bottle with plug
which is fixed to the pole or provided with additional weight and rope. Preparation of sampling
vessels enabling chemical composition analysis is made as per GOST R 51592-2000. In order to
obtain reliable results it is required to analyze water in short time period. If it is impossible provision
should be made for preservation as per GOST R 51592-2000. Each sample should be registered as
per: date and place of sampling, number and geographic coordinates of sampling points, depth, type
and number of sample (single-point, unified)

5.4 Bottom deposits


Bottom deposits accumulating pollutants expose anthropogenic impact on surface waters and
may become the source of their repeated contamination. Therefore, bottom deposits are measured
aiming to outline the zone of propagation of particular pollutants, to define character, degree and

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depth of ingress of particular pollutants into bottom deposits and to analyse self-purification
behaviour (GOST 17.1.5.01-80).
Bottom deposits are sampled as per GOST 17.1.5.01-80 Environment protection.
Hydrosphere. General requirements to bottom deposits sampling in water objects for pollution
analysis with the use of special equipment (PE bags, minimum volume - 1l). Where there is
propagation of pollutants (oil, oil products) on the surface and it is necessary to define the actual
degree of pollution it is required to take sample from the surface of bottom deposit simultaneously
with water sampling (especially from near bottom layer) in order to compare pollutant content in
these components.
Quantitative composition of bottom deposits is monitored as per physical-chemical
characteristics like total iron, zinc, manganese, chrome, lead, mercury, nickel, copper, , organic
substance, sulphates, chlorides, toxicity, oil and oil products.
Assessment of bottom deposits pollution in area under examination should be performed on the
basis of physical-chemical analysis data comparison with values obtained during engineeringecological survey.
Increased concentrations of pollutant under examination require repeated sampling in this
point. Validation of increased pollutant concentration requires execution of detailed examination to
reveal the cause of contamination.
Information regarding increased concentration of pollutant in the samples, accident location
and remedial activities should be transmitted to pertinent environment protection authorities.
Accident localization and elimination measures should be fulfilled according to applicable company
regulations.
Monitoring frequency is same with surface waters; sampling points are the same.

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5.5 Monitoring of subsurface waters


In coordination with hydrogeological service, local sanitary-epidemiological and environment
protection authorities it is required to design the layout of check holes, pits and boreholes in order to
perform monitoring of subsurface waters depending on their location depth.
Samples of water taken from check holes, pits and boreholes drilled out on subsurface water
course upstream the Terminal constitute reference condition of waters. On subsurface water course
downstream the Terminal (at 50-100 meters interval provided that there is no hazard of pollution
from other sources) it is required to drill out 1-2 pits (check holes, boreholes) for water sampling. 2-6
meter deep pits should be done with the use of ferroconcrete pipes (diameter 700-900 mm) to the
level 0.2 meters below subsurface water level. Filter bottom consists of 200 thick layer of crushed
stone. Access to the pit is provided with the use of stationary stepladder. Where subsurface waters
depth is large it is required to perform monitoring with the use of boreholes. Design of facilities
should provide protection of subsurface waters from pollutants ingress, possibility of water draining
or pumping out and sampling convenience.
Monitoring of subsurface waters consists in one-time level and temperature measurements and
sampling for physical-chemical and bacteriological characteristics analysis as per item 7.7 of Set of
Rules 2.1.7.1038-01. This kind of supervision allows to detect pollutants migration caused by
defective waterproofing of industrial and domestic wastes storage sections.
Subsurface water samples are taken as per GOST R 51592-2000 Water. General sampling
requirements once every quarter (March, June, September, December).
Quantitative composition of subsurface waters is monitored as per physical-chemical
characteristics like content of ammonia, nitrites, nitrates, hydrocarbons, calcium, chlorides, iron,
sulphates, lithium, chemical oxygen demand (COD), biological oxygen demand (BOD), oil and oil
products, , magnesium, cadmium, chrome, cyanides, lead, mercury, arsenic, copper, barium, dry
residues; samples helminthological and bacteriological characteristics are also checked (Set of Rules
2.1.7.1038-01).
Tasks of monitoring investigations are:
timely detection of subsurface and surface waters contamination;

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investigation of waters contamination scales and dynamics in time and area, i.e.
determination of contamination propagation direction;
definition of contamination sources and timely elimination of their negative impact;
obtaining of proper reference information aiming to forecast subsurface water levels
variation and pollutants propagation.
Arrangement and number of specially drilled out observation boreholes is established
according to SNiP 2.01.28-85:
with reference to underflow slope the observation holes should be arranged in three
directions (exclusion - upstream direction);
distance between observation holes within the intake should be 50 to 100 meters; one
borehole in Terminal territory, one borehole in SPZ.
Quality of subsurface water is monitored with the use of observation boreholes arrangement in
areas anticipating potential impacts from facilities under construction (check sites) and in areas not
affected by anthropogenic impact (reference sites).
Monitoring be means of observation wells includes systematic (one-time, if applicable)
measurement of water level and temperature and water sampling for chemical analysis made on
monthly basis.
During subsurface water monitoring the observation network may be detailed or modified
depending on the results. Sampling frequency and number of chemical components under
measurement may also be varied.
Chemical analyses should be performed by certified laboratories only.

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5.6 Monitoring of soils, vegetation and wildlife


Purpose of soil monitoring is observation and evaluation of soil condition under the impact of
operation of facility under design.
Monitoring of land fertility preservation should begin before construction commencement. It
consists in recording of soil reference characteristics. Soil potentiality index is characterized by
relatively stable and slowly varying soil qualities directly or indirectly influencing the productivity of
tundra communities and determining their biospheric functions.
System of indices should be dynamic. It is determined by the types of soils, by anthropogenic
impact character and data available.
Selected indices should directly or indirectly characterize soil properties and factors which to
the maximum extent influence soil productivity and have integrated character. Each of selected
integrated indices should reliably reflect a definite complex of interconnected properties and modes.
Forwarded indices should be accessible for soil-testing laboratories of the Federal body
responsible for monitoring and supervision in the sphere of land resources and soil mantle, for
agrochemical survey centers and other production laboratories.
Definition of soils reference values is performed during engineering-geological survey. During
soil survey samples of soils referenced to particular profile cuts are selected for the purpose of
definition of taxonomic status and potentiality of soils to be analyzed for: humus, , cathion
exchange capacity (CEC), degree of base saturation, texture and contamination level.
Quantitative composition of soils is monitored as per below listed physical-chemical indices:
copper, zinc, chrome, nickel, manganese, nitrites, nitrates, hydrocarbonates, , cyanides, lead,
arsenic, oil and oil products; besides, the soil mantle is analyzed for microbiological indices like:
total bacterial counts, coli titer, Proteus titer, helminth eggs (Set of Rules 2.1.7.1038-01).
Sampling for chemical and microbiological analysis is performed once a year (September).
Monitoring of heavy metals pollution - minimum once every three years (GOST 17.4.4.02-84).
In accordance with GOST 17.4.4.02-84 Soils. Methods of samples taking and preparation for
chemical, bacteriological and helminthological analysis check site dimension depends on
investigation purpose:
- for definition of chemical substances content and physical properties of soil it should be 10
x10 meters;
- for microbiological analysis - 30 x 30 meters.

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Permafrost table level should be also monitored.


Sampling is performed with the use of boring tool or spade using envelope method; sample
depth depends on soil condition; for territories with undisturbed soil mantle - from soil horizons
depending on soil types.
In each case the sample should include a part of soil typical for generic horizons or soils of this
type. In order to exclude repeated contamination it is required to clean out the surface of soil cut or
trench wall by PE or PVC knife or plastic spattle. Sampling should be performed by clean tool not
containing metal.
For each layer it is required to prepare a unified, 1 kg, sample by mixing of five check point
samples each minimum 200 grams placed in PE bag and tagged (GOST 17.4.3.01-83).
In order to perform microbiological analysis it is required to take 10 unified samples consisting
of 3 check point samples (GOST 17.4.3.01-83) which should be placed in cooling box and
immediately delivered to laboratory for analysis (GOST 17.4.4.02-84).
Assessment of soil mantle pollution in area under examination should be performed on the
basis of physical-chemical analysis data comparison with values obtained during assessment of
reference environmental conditions.
Information regarding increased concentration of pollutant in the samples and accident
mitigation activities should be transmitted to pertinent environment protection authorities.
Monitoring of vegetation is designed to investigate response of particular vegetation and their
communities to disturbance and contamination caused by activities under panning.
Botanical monitoring is performed with the use of floristic, geo-botanical, bio logomorphological and agrotechnical methods.
Monitoring of vegetation is performed by observation of vegetation mantle propagation in
check sites and reference sites. Check sites are arranged in areas characterized by typical vegetation
communities affected by technogenic impact. Reference sites are arranged in areas with similar
vegetation which is not affected by technogenic impact.
Two neighbouring test sites ("a" and "b", 10 x 10 meters) with approximately similar
vegetation mantle are arranged in each monitoring point.
During vegetation lists compilation it is necessary to take into account storied structure and
projective cover degree within entire area under investigation. Test area "" is designed for
observation of vegetation mantle structural variation:
vascular plants, mosses, lichens, fungus;
frequency index of each vegetation within the site (%);
projective cover of vegetation and of its particular stories;
height of dominating vegetation types;
phenological phase.
Neighbouring test site "b" is designed for observation of vegetation mantle functional variation.
Vegetation species composition is recorded and samples of particular plants are taken for
morphometric and chemical study. Productivity of vegetation community is assessed. For this
purpose it is required to select 4 (50 x 50 cm) test square areas from which entire phytomass
(including mosses and lichens) should be cut out of the soil level, dried and weighed according to
plants groups (mosses, lichens, copse, grass). Weight proportion of plant groups is defined.
Phytocenosis saturation or density is defined by direct calculation of all vascular plants on the
specified sites (rogues / meter); mean height of one species is also defined (minimum 100
measurements).
Plant samples are taken for heavy metals and aromatic hydrocarbons content test (minimum
400 grams of dry weight).
Mosses and lichens are good indicators of environment contamination by heavy metals and are
very sensitive to sulphur compounds. In each observation point 4-5 samples of different plants are
taken for heavy metals (arsenic, mercury, aluminum, lead, copper, cadmium, chrome, nickel, zinc,
barium) and aromatic hydrocarbons content test. Gathering of materials for metals and other
pollutants content tests is performed on annual basis.

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Results of first year of observations (vegetation maps, morphometric characteristics, chemical


composition of plants) will constitute reference data for further monitoring.
Next description of vegetation is done 2 years later with definition of vegetation community
reproductivity and dominating plants ratio; general plant sample is taken for chemical composition
and contamination analysis.
One of the basic tasks of wildlife monitoring consists in observation of key territories occupied
by animals and located within Terminal impact zone.
Wildlife monitoring is based on stationary examination with annual count of nestling bird
couples, small mammals and other vertebrata on check sites and in proximity to them. For additional
data regarding birds types and number it is possible to organize route counting.
Observations are undertaken by comparing number and types of birds in check and reference
sites having similar landscape characteristics. These sites have 1 km2 area and are located in
vegetation monitoring plaes. The following animals are selected as wildlife condition indicators:
jackrabbits, carnivorous mammals, hoofed mammals, birds (with exclusion of passeriformes).
Monitoring consists in walk-over of territories, selected areas with recording of types and
number of animals encountered, alterations in their behavior and dead species.
Count is performed, as applicable, as per permanently dwelling couples, leking or twittering
males (partridge, wader, passeriformes), broods or disturbed birds. Count results are fixed in
monitoring site maps; scale 1:1000. To improve mapping accuracy it is possible to use additional
reference points presented in the form of tagged props arranged in staggered order at a distance 100
meters from each other.
Linear counts should be done on permanent routes with alternating detecting corridor.
Alongside with count works it is possible to gather biologic materials generated by different types of
animals for laboratory tests.
Species composition, number and biological materials of mammals are established and
gathered in the following way: recording of traces of vital activities; trapping by span traps and cones
on reference and check sites, dig-out of burrows.
Wild animals are examined once every year.

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5.7 Monitoring of landscape and exogenic geological processes


As a rule, territory development is followed by anthropogenic environmental destruction:
disturbance of soils temperature balance and thermal condition; disturbance of water balance and
moisture condition of soils, disturbance of soil stress state. All this results in activization of natural
processes like thermokarst and heaving .
Factors which produce environment change are: disturbance of subsurface and surface flow by
embankments, land planning, scalping. Ground water rise results in mire formation.
Environmental destruction by technogenic impact gives rise to processes which are not typical
to ordinary natural conditions. Thus, removal of topsoil in construction areas results in seasonal
freezing depth increase. In this condition soils humidity increase may lead to frost heaving.
Therefore, it is required to perform monitoring of newly occurring or aggravating exogenic
processes.
Monitoring should consist of two basic components:
- observation of current condition of process under investigation and its development factors;
- analysis of process dynamics.
It is recommended (on regular (monthly) basis in warm period) examine condition of object
and neighbouring areas aiming to detect hazardous exogenic processes in order to timely take
environment protection measures.
Particular monitoring of exogenic geological processes should include detection of possible
heave areas, winterkilling or mire formation.

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Table 5.7.1 - Estimated areas of monitoring of exogenic geological processes in the area of
object
Site No.
1
2
3
4

Sampling point
30 meters from Terminal eastern
boundary
30 meters from Terminal
southern boundary
30 meters from Terminal western
boundary
30 meters from Terminal
northern boundary

Substantiation of monitoring point location


monitoring of exogenic processes to the east of Terminal
monitoring of exogenic processes to the south of Terminal
monitoring of exogenic processes to the west of Terminal
monitoring of exogenic processes to the north of Terminal

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5.8 onitoring of noise impact


Noise is understood as any undesired sound or sounds ensemble. Hygienic assessment of noise
should take into account its disturbing, harmful or traumatic impact on human body. Physical
characteristic of sound level - sound pressure level measured in dB.
Sounds with low and high frequency seem to be more silent than medium frequency sounds of
the same intensity. In view of this, irregular sensitivity of human ear to different frequency sounds is
modulated with the use of special electronic frequency filter obtaining, as a result of measurements
normalizing, a so-called "equivalent" ("measured, by energy) sound level measured in dBA (dB(),
i.e. with "A" filter).
Noises, with reference to spectrum characteristics, are classified as follows:
- wide band noise - with continuous spectrum of more that 1 octave bandwidth;
- tonal noise - its spectrum contains pronounced tones. For practical purpose, tonal character of
noise is defined by measurement (in 1/3 octave bands) of frequencies exceeding the neighbouring
band by minimum 10 dB.
Noises, with reference to time characteristics, are classified as follows:
- steady state noise - noise level during 8-hours working day or during measurement in
residential and public buildings, in residential development territory changes in time by maximum 5
dBA (measurements taken with noise meter time characteristic slowly);
- unsteady state noise - noise level during 8-hours working day or during measurement in
residential and public buildings, in residential development territory changes in time by more than 5
dBA (measurements taken with noise meter time characteristic slowly);
Unsteady state noises are divided into:
- fluctuating - sound level is continuously varying in time;
- intermittent - sound level is varying stepwise (by 5 dBA and more), at that, duration of
intervals during which the sound level remains continuous, is 1 second and more;
- impulse - comprising one or more sounds each lasting for less than 1 second, at that, sound
levels dBA1 and dBA measured at time characteristics impulse and slowly differ by minimum 7
dB.
Noise measurements should be made in minimum three uniformly spaced points of the work
zone in order to cover as maximum of its space as possible. Measurement points should be located
maximum 20 meters from each other at a distance 2 meters from the walls ( 1844-78).
Noise measurements are performed by specially trained personnel or by licensed contractor
with the use of noise meters as per GOST 17187-71, octave band filters as per GOST 17168-71 and
auxiliary equipment (level recorders, tape recorders etc.) which should be duly verified and hold
pertinent certificate. Furnishing of measurement results is made according to regulations of company
executing this type of works.
Noise measurement is made at a height of 1.2-1.5 meters above the surface of Terminal
territory. Test microphone should be directed to main source of noise impact and located minimum
0.5 meters from the operator. If it is impossible to define the main source of noise it is required to
position axis of test microphone perpendicularly to Terminal territory surface (GOST 23337- 78).

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Duration of steady state noise measurement should be minimum 3 minutes. In each point it is
required to make minimum 3 sound level samplings (octave levels of the sound pressure).
Measurement of noise in the open territory may not be held in condition of precipitations or
wind over 5 m/s. With wind velocity between 1 and 5 m/s it is required to use a microphone wind
protecting screen .
During noise measurements it is not allowed to subject measuring equipment to vibration,
magnetic and electric fields, radioactive radiation and other adverse factors which may affect
measurement results.
For hygienic assessment of noises - practically interesting is sound range 45 -11000 Hz which
includes eight octave bands with geometric mean frequencies 63, 125, 250, 500, 1000, 2000, 4000
and 8000 Hz.
Observance of sanitary norms stipulating parameters and admissible levels of noise at
workplaces is monitored by bodies and agencies of RF State Committee for Sanitary and
Epidemiological Oversight in conformity with RF Law Concerning the Sanitary and
Epidemiological Welfare of the Population dated 19.04.1991 and in accordance with applicable
sanitary regulations and norms.
In the event of excess of maximum permissible noise level in Terminal territory provisions
should be made to limit the noise impact in conformity with company regulations.

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6 CONSLUSION

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Analysis of Terminal construction revealed that maximum permissible values of construction


environmental impacts set forth by pertinent normative and regulatory documentation are not
exceeded.
From the viewpoint of environmental impact - construction and further operation of object are
technically permissible.

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LIST OF GENERAL LEGISLATIVE, REGULATORY AND GUIDANCE


DOCUMENTS AND INFORMATION SOURCES
1. "The Constitution of the Russian Federation" (adopted by national referendum on December 12,
1993).
2. "The Forest Code of the Russian Federation" dated December 4, 2006, No. 200-
3. "The Urban Planning Code of the Russian Federation" dated December 29, 2004, No. 190-
4. "The Land Code of the Russian Federation" dated October 25, 2001, No. 136-
5. "The Water Code of the Russian Federation" dated June 3, 2006, No. 74-
6. The Federal Law No. 7 dated January 10, 2002. "On Protection of Environment"
7. The Federal Law dated November 23, 1995, No. 174- "On Ecological Appraisal"
8. The Federal Law dated March 30, 1999, No. 52- "On Sanitary and Epidemiological Well-Being
of the Population"
9. The Federal Law dated May 4, 1999, No. 96- "On Protection of Atmospheric Air"
10. The Federal Law dated July 31, 1998, No. 155- "Concerning the Internal Sea Waters, the
Territorial Sea and the Contiguous Zone of the Russian Federation"
11. The Federal Law dated August 08, 2001, No. 128- "On Licensing of Certain Types of
Activities"
12. The Federal Law dated July 21, 1997, No. 116- "On Industrial Safety of Hazardous
Production Facilities"
13. The Federal Law dated December 21, 2004, No. 172- "Concerning the Transfer of Lands or
Land Plots from One Category to Another"
14. The Federal Law No. 89- dated 24.06.1998 Concerning Production and Consumption
Wastes
15. The Federal Law dated July 19, 1998, No. 113- "Concerning the Hydro-meteorological
Services"
16. The Federal Law dated April 24, 1995, No. 52- "Concerning Wildlife"
17. The Federal Law dated March 14, 1995, No. 33- "Concerning Specially Protected Natural
Areas"
18. The Russian Federation Government Decree dated February 16, 2008 No. 87 "Concerning
Composition of Design Documentation Sections and Requirements to Their Contents"
19. "Regulation on the Assessment of Environment Impact of Projected Economical and Other
Activities in the Russian Federation" (The State Committee for Environmental Protection Order
dated May 16, 2000, No. 372).
20. Federal Classification Wastes Catalog (Order of Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian
Federation No. 786 dated 02.12.2002, Order of Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian
Federation No. 663 dated 30.07.2003).
21. SanPiN 2.2.1/2.1.1.1200-03. "Sanitary Protection Zones and Sanitary Classification of Facilities,
Constructions and Other Objects". New version with amendments SanPiN 2.2.1/2.1.1.-2361-08.
22. GOST 17.4.1.03-84. Environmental Protection. Soils. Terms and Definitions of Chemical
Contamination.
23. GOST 17.4.2.01-81. Environmental Protection. Soils. Nomenclature of Sanitary Condition
Standards.
24. GOST 17.4.2.02-83. Environmental Protection. Soils. Nomenclature of Standards of Disturbed
Topsoil Worthiness for Earth Mulching.
25. GOST 17.4.3.02-85. Environmental Protection. Soils. Requirements to Protection of Topsoil
During Earthworks.

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26. GOST 17.4.3.04-85. Environmental Protection. Soils. General Requirements to Control and
Protection Against Contamination.
27. GOST 17.5.1.01-83. Environmental Protection. Lands. Recultivation of Lands. Terms and
Definitions.
28. GOST 17.5.1.02-83. Environmental Protection. Lands. Classification of Disturbed Lands for
Recultivation.
29. GOST 17.5.1.03-86. Environmental Protection. Lands. Classification of Overburden and
Surrounding Rock for Biological Recultivation of Lands.
30. GOST 17.5.1.06-84. Environmental Protection. Lands. Classification of Low-Yield Agricultural
Lands for Earth Mulching.
31. GOST 17.5.3.04-83. Environmental Protection. Lands. General Requirements to Recultivation of
Lands.
32. GOST 17.5.3.05-84. Environmental Protection. Lands. Recultivation of Lands. General
Requirements to Earth Mulching.
33. GOST 17.5.3.06-85. Environmental Protection. Lands. Recultivation of Lands. Requirements to
Determining rates of Removal of Topsoil During Earthworks.
34. MU 2.1.7.730-99. Hygienic Requirements to Quality of Soil of Conglomerations.
35. SanPiN 2.1.7.1287-03. Sanitary and Epidemiological Requirements to Soil Quality (appr. by the
Chief State Medical Officer of the Russian Federation, dated April 16, 2003).
36. SanPiN 42-128-4433-87 Sanitary Standards of Allowable Concentrations of Chemical Agents in
Soil (appr. by the Deputy Chief State Medical Officer of the USSR, dated October 30, 1987).
37. GN 2.1.7.2041-06. Maximum Allowable Concentrations (MAC) of Chemical Agents in Soil.
38. GN 2.1.7. 2511-09. Approximate Allowable Concentrations (AAC) of Chemical Agents in Soil.
39. GN 6229-91 List of Maximum Allowable Concentrations (MAC) and Approximate Allowable
Concentrations (AAC) of Chemical Agents in Soil.
40. Directive of Mayor of Saint-Petersburg No. 891-r dated 30.08.1994 On Introduction of
Regional Established Standard on Soils Protection in Saint-Petersburg.
41. 2.6.1.2398-08 "Radiation Monitoring and Sanitary-Epidemiological Estimation of Plots for
Construction of Residential Buildings, Public and Industrial Facilities as Related to Radiological
Safety" (as approved by hief Sanitary Officer of the Russian Federation G.G. Onischenko on
July 2, 2008).
42. SanPiN 2.6.1.2523-09 "Safety Radiation Level" (-99/2009).
43. 2.6.1.2612-10 "Basic Sanitary Rules for Radiation Safety (99/2010)".
44. Methodological Recommendations for Estimation of Radiation Situation in Residential Areas,
Ministry of Health of the USSR, 1990;
45. 2.6.1.1292-03 "Hygienic Requirements for Limitation of Exposure of the Population to
Radiation through Natural Sources of Ionizing Radiation;
46. 4109-86 "Methodological Instructive Regulations on Defining Electromagnetic Fields of
High Voltage Overhead Lines and Hygienic Requirements for their Allocation".
47. SanPiN 2.2.4.1191-03 "Electromagnetic Fields in a Production Environment".
48. SanPiN 2.1.6.1032-01 "Hygienic Requirements for Atmospheric Air Quality Assurance for
Populated Areas" (as approved by hief Sanitary Officer of the Russian Federation on May 17,
2001.)
49. "List of Methods of Calculating Contaminating Substances Atmospheric Emissions Used in 2014
for Regulation and Estimating the Values of Contaminating Substances Emissions" as approved
by acting Director General of OJSC "Atmosfera" Scientific-Research Institute on February 4,
2014.

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. .
.
. .

50. 1-84 "Policy and Procedure for Consideration, Coordination and Evaluation of Air
Protection Measures and Issue of Air Emission Permits in accordance with Design
Considerations". (The USSR State Hydrometeorology Committee Decree dated April 23, 1984).
51. -86. Methodology of Estimating the Concentration of Hazardous Substances Contained in
Industrial Atmospheric Emissions (The USSR State Hydrometeorology Committee Decree dated
August 4, 1986, No. 192).
52. Procedure of Taking Inventory of Contaminating Substances Atmospheric Emissions for Motor
Transport Enterprises (computational method) (as approved by the Russian Federation Ministry
of Transportation Order dated October 28, 1998).
53. Methodological Rationale for Estimation, Regulation and Control of Contaminating Substances
Emissions in Atmospheric Air, "Atmosfera" Scientific-Research Institute, St. Petersburg, 2005.
54. List and Codes of Substances Contaminating Atmospheric Air. Edition No.6, revised and
enlarged, St. Petersburg, 2008. ("Atmosfera" Scientific-Research Institute, A. I. Sysin ScientificResearch Institute of Human Ecology and Environmental Health, the Russian State Medical
University, "Integral" Business Enterprise).
55. (Hygienic Standard) 2.1.6.1338-03 "Maximum Permissible Concentration of Contaminating
Substances in Atmospheric Air in Populated Areas".
56. 2.1.6.1983-05 Maximum Permissible Concentration of Contaminating Substances in
Atmospheric Air in Populated Areas. Amendments No. 2 to 2.1.6.1338-03.
57. 2.1.6.2326-08 (Amendment 4 to "Maximum Permissible Concentration of Contaminating
Substances in Atmospheric Air in Populated Areas. 2.1.6.1338-03").
58. 2.1.6.2309-07 Safe Reference Levels of Impact of Contaminating Substances in Atmospheric
Air in Populated Areas.
59. 52.04.52-85 Methodological Instructive Regulations. Emission Control in Unfavorable
Meteorological Conditions.
60. GOST 17.2.1.01-76. Environmental Protection. Atmosphere. Classification of Emissions
according to their Composition.
61. GOST 17.2.1.03-84. Environmental Protection. Atmosphere. Terms and Definitions for Pollution
Control.
62. GOST 17.2.1.04-77. Environmental Protection. Atmosphere. Meteorological Aspects of Pollution
and Industrial Emissions. General Terms and Definitions.
63. GOST 17.2.3.02-78. Environmental Protection. Atmosphere. Rules of Estimating the Allowable
Level of Hazardous Substances Emission by Industrial Facilities.
64. GOST 17.2.4.02-81. Environmental Protection. Atmosphere. General Requirements for Methods
of Defining Contaminating Substances.
65. Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation No.344 dated June 12, 2003 On
Established Standards of Payment for Emissions of Contaminants into Atmosphere by Stationary
and Mobile Sources, Discharges of Contaminants into Surface and Subterranean Water Bodies,
Arrangement of Production and Consumption Wastes
66. Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 410 dated July 1, 2005 On
Introducing Amendments into Appendix No.1 to the Resolution of the Government of the
Russian Federation No.344 dated June 12, 2003.
67. Water Quality Standards for Water Bodies of Commercial Fishing Importance, Including
Standards for Maximum Allowable Concentrations of Harmful Substances in Waters of Water
Bodies of Commercial Fishing Importance. (Appr. by the Order of Russian Federal Fisheries
Agency No. 20 dated 18.01.2010).
68. SanPiN 2.1.5.980-00 Conglomerations Sewerage System, Sanitary Protection of Water Bodies.
Hygienic Requirements to Surface Waters Protection (appr. by the Chief State Medical Officer
of the Russian Federation, dated June 22, 2000).

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69. SP 2.1.5.1059-01 Hygienic Requirements to Subterranean Waters Protection Against


Contamination (appr. by Resolution of the Chief State Medical Officer of the Russian
Federation, dated July 25, 2001).
70. SanPiN 2.1.4.1110-02 Protective Sanitary Zones of Water Supply Sources and Drinking-Water
Pipelines (appr. by the Chief State Medical Officer of the Russian Federation, dated February
26, 2002).
71. SanPiN 2.1.4.1074-01 Potable Water. Hygienic Requirements to Quality of Water in Centralized
Systems of Potable Water Supply. Quality Control (appr. by the Chief State Medical Officer of
the Russian Federation, dated September 26, 2001).
72. Sanitary Regulations (SP) No. 4631-88 dated 06.07.1988. Sanitary Regulations and Standards of
Protection of Coastal Waters of Seas from Contamination in Places of the General Public Water
Resources Management.
73. SanPiN 2.1.5.2582-10. Sanitary and Epidemiological Requirements Protection of Coastal Waters
of Seas from Contamination in Places of the General Public Water Resources Management.
74. GOST 17.1.3.13-86. Environmental Protection. Hydrosphere. General Requirements to
Protection of Surface Waters from Contamination;
75. GOST 17.1.3.05.-82. Environmental Protection. Hydrosphere. Protection of Coastal Waters of
Seas from Contamination with Oil and Petroleum Products;
76. GOST 17.1.3.13-86. Environmental Protection. Hydrosphere. General Requirements to
Protection of Surface Waters from Contamination.
77. GOST 17.1.1.04-80. Environmental Protection. Hydrosphere. Classification of Subterranean
Waters by the Purposes of Water Resources Management.
78. GOST 2761-84. Sources of Centralized Utility and Potable Water Supply. Hygienic and
Technical Requiremens and Selection Rules.
79. GOST 17.1.1.03-78. Environmental Protection. Hydrosphere. Classification of Water Resources
Management.
80. GOST 2874-82. Potable Water. Hygienic Requiremens and Quality Control.
81. GOST 25150-82. Sewerage. Terms and Definitions.
82. GOST 25151-82. Water Supply. Terms and Definitions.
83. Methods of Developing Standards of Permissible Discharges of Substances and Microorganisms
into Water Bodies for Water Consumers. (Order of of Ministry of Natural Resources of the
Russian Federation No. 333 dated 17.12.2007).
84. Methods of Calculating Payment for Contaminating Areas of Seas and Surface Water Entities
Being in Federal Ownership of the Russian Federation During Performance opf Works Related
to Transfers and Withdrawal of Bottom Soils, Recovery of Nonmetallic Materials from the
Subwater Quarries with Disposal of Extracted Soil in Subwater Dumps (Appr. by the Chairman
of the State Committee of the Russian Federation on Environmental protection dated April 29,
1999).
85. Temporary Recommendations on Designing Treatment Facilities for Surface Discharge from the
Territory of Industrial Enterprise and Calvulation of Conditions for Releasing it into Water
Bodies. - .: VNIIVODGEO of the State Committee for Construction, Architectural and
Housing Policy of the USSR, All-Union R&D Institute for Water Protection of the Ministry of
Land Reclamation and Water Management of the USSR, 1983.
86. RD 52.18.310.-92 Methodological Instructions. Environmental Protection. Hydrosphere.
Organization and Accomplishment of Monitoring Observations of Surface Waters
Contamination in the Network of the Russian Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and
Environmental Monitoring.
87. 52.44.2-94. Environmental Protection. Complex Investigation of Environmental Media
Pollution in Industrial regions with High Anthropogenic Impact.

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88. 2.2.4/2.1.8.562-96 Workplace Noise, Noise in Residential and Public buildings and in
Residential Construction Areas.
89. SNiP 23-03-2003 Noise Protection.
90. 23-103-2003 "Design of Acoustic Insulation of Enclosing Structures for Residential and
Public Buildings"
91. SNiP 2.07.01-89* "Urban Construction. Planning and Construction of Urban and Rural
Settlements".
92. SNiP 31-01-2003 "Residential Apartment Buildings".
93. 4.3.2194-07 "Control of Noise Levels in Residential Buildings Areas and in Residential
and Public Buildings and Accommodations".
94. SanPiN 2.2.3.1384-03. Hygienic Requiremens to Organization of Construction Operations and
Construction Works (Appr. by by the Chief State Medical Officer of the Russian Federation,
dated June 11, 2003).
95. 1.1.1058-01 "Organization and Performance of Industrial Control of Sanitary Requirements
Fulfillment and Implementation of Sanitary-Antiepidemic (Preventive) Measures".
96. RDS 82-202-96. Rules for Development and Application of Standards of Difficult-to-Recover
Losses and Wastes of Materials in Cinstruction.
97. Collected Volume of Typical Standards of Losses of Material Resources in Construction
(Supplement to RDS 82-202-96).
98. SNiP 12-01-2004. Organization of Construction.
99. The Order of Estimating Contaminating Substances Emission Sources Subject to Recording and
Regulating (as approved by Order No. 579 dated December 31, 2010).

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APPENDICES
Appendix 1. Certificate of permit for certain type or types of works
Self-regulated organization based on the membership of persons effecting preparation of design
documentation for capital construction objects
NON-COMMERCIAL PARTNERSHIP
Designers of North-West
68, Vsevolozhsky Ave., 188640 Vsevolozhsk, Leningrad region. Registration number in State
Register of Self-Regulated Organizations --016-12082009
www.pr-nw.ru
Saint-Petersburg

August 01, 2013

CERTIFICATE
of permit for certain type or types of works, which influence the safety of capital construction
objects
01-08-13-102--016
Issued to a member of self-regulated organization:
Limited Liability Company
"Design Institute "Petrokhim-Tekhnologiya"
PSRN 1027804182284, TIN 7806115994, letter , 4, Kantemirovskaya Str., 197342 SaintPetersburg
Decision of Board of NP Designers of North-West, minutes of
meeting No.20 dated August 01, 2013.
Authority for issuing Certificate:

This Certificate is to confirm admission to works specified in the Annex to this Certificate, which
influence the safety of capital construction objects.
Takes effect since August 01, 2013.

. .

. .

Certificate is invalid without Annex on 3 sheets.


Certificate is valid without limitation to time and territory of its effect.
Certificate has been issued instead of those issued earlier:
Issue date: 17.12.2009, No. 17-12-09-102--016, Annex No.102/
Issue date: 03.06.2010, No. 03-06-10-265--016, Annex No.265/
Issue date: 08.07.2010, No. 08-07-10-102--016, Annex No.102
Issue date: 16.06.2011, No. 16-06-11-102--016, Annex No.102
Issue date: 19.12.2011, No.CP 19-12-11-102--016, Annex No.102
Issue date: 11.07.2013, No.CP 11-07-13-102--016, Annex No.102
President of the Board
Director

D.S.Davydov
S.N.Chusov

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Page 1 of 3
ANNEX
to Certificate of permit for certain type or
types of works, which influence the safety
of capital construction objects
No. 01-08-13-102--016
dated August 01, 2013

Types of works, which influence the safety of:


1. Capital construction objects, including extremely dangerous and sophisticated capital
construction objects, nuclear facilities. A member of noncommercial partnership Designers of
North-West Limited Liability Company "Design Institute "Petrokhim-Tekhnologiya" is
provided with Certificate of admission to such works.
No.
1.

Description of type of works


NONE

2. Extremely dangerous and sophisticated capital construction objects (except for nuclear
facilities). A member of noncommercial partnership Designers of North-West Limited Liability
Company "Design Institute "Petrokhim-Tekhnologiya" is provided with Certificate of
admission to such works.
No.
1.

Description of type of works


9. WORKS ON PREPARING PROJECTS OF MEASURES ON ENVIRONMENTAL
PROTECTION

3. Capital construction objects (except for extremely dangerous and sophisticated capital
construction objects, nuclear facilities). A member of noncommercial partnership Designers of
North-West Limited Liability Company "Design Institute "Petrokhim-Tekhnologiya" is
provided with Certificate of admission to such works.
No.

2.
3.

. .

. .

1.

Description of type of works


1. WORKS ON PREPARING LAND PLOT LAYOUT DIAGRAM:
1.1. Works on preparing land plot general layout
1.2. Works on preparing linear facility route layout diagram
1.3. Works on preparing linear facility right-of-way layout diagram
2. WORKS ON PREPARING ARCHTECTURAL SOLUTIONS
3. WORKS ON PREPARING DESIGN SOLUTIONS

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Page 2 of 3
4.

7.

4. WORKS ON PREPARING INFORMATION ON INTERNAL ENGINEERING


EQUIPMENT, INTERNAL UTILITY NETWORKS, ON LIST OF ENGINEERING AND
TECHNICAL MEASURES:
4.1. Works on preparing designs of internal utility systems of heating, ventilation, air
conditioning, smoke ventilation, heat supply and cold supply
4.2. Works on preparing designs of internal utility systems of water supply and sewerage
4.5. Works on preparing designs of internal production control, automation and control of
utility systems
4.6. Works on preparing designs of internal systems of gas supply
5. WORKS ON PREPARING INFORMATION ON EXTERNAL UTILITY NETWORKS,
ON LIST OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNICAL MEASURES:
5.1. Works on preparing designs of external networks of heat supply and structures thereof
5.2. Works on preparing designs of external networks of water supply and sewerage and
structures thereof
5.3. Works on preparing designs of external networks of electric power supply up to 35 kV
inclusive and structures thereof
5.6. Works on preparing designs of external networks of low current systems
5.7. Works on preparing designs of external networks of gas supply and structures thereof
6. WORKS ON PREPARING PROCESS ENGINEERING SOLUTIONS:
6.1. Works on preparing process engineering solutions of residential buildings and
complexes thereof
6.2. Works on preparing process engineering solutions of public buildings and structures
and complexes thereof
6.3. Works on preparing process engineering solutions of production buildings and
structures and complexes thereof
6.4. Works on preparing process engineering solutions of transportation facilities and
complexes thereof
6.6. Works on preparing process engineering solutions of agricultural facilities and
complexes thereof
6.7. Works on preparing process engineering solutions of special-purpose facilities and
complexes thereof
6.8. Works on preparing process engineering solutions of oil-and-gas facilities and
complexes thereof
6.9. Works on preparing process engineering solutions of facilities for wastes collection,
processing, storage, recycling and disposal and complexes thereof
6.11. Works on preparing process engineering solutions of military infrastructure facilities
and complexes thereof
6.12. Works on preparing process engineering solutions of waste treatment facilities and
complexes thereof
9. WORKS ON PREPARING PROJECTS OF MEASURES ON ENVIRONMENTAL

8.

PROTECTION.
10. WORKS ON PREPARING PROJECTS OF MEASURES ON ENSURING FIRE SAFETY

9.

11. WORKS ON PREPARING PROJECTS OF MEASURES ON ENSURING ACCESS FOR

5.

. .

. .

6.

10.
11.

PEOPLE WITH LIMITED MOBILITY


12. WORKS ON SURVEYING ENGINEERING STRUCTURES OF BUILDINGS AND
CONSTRUCTIONS
13. WORKS ON ORGANIZING PREPARATION OF DESIGN DOCUMENTATION BY AN
INVITED DEVELOPER OR CUSTOMER ON THE BASIS OF AGREEMENT BY A LEGAL
ENTITY OR PRIVATE ENTREPRENEUR (GENERAL DESIGN CONTRACTOR)

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Page 3 of 3
Limited Liability Company "Design Institute "Petrokhim-Tekhnologiya" is entitled to close
agreements for performing works organization: Works on organizing preparation of design
documentation by an invited developer or customer on the basis of agreement by a legal entity or
private entrepreneur (general design contractor), which cost will not exceed 25 (twenty five)
mln.RUR according to one agreement.
D.S.Davydov

Director

S.N.Chusov

. .

. .

President of the Board

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Appendix . Requirements Specification for design


AGREED UPON WITH
Director General
PI Petrokhimtekhnologiya LLC
_________________ .V.Korablin
__ __________ 2014

APPROVED
Director General
Kriogaz CJSC
_________________ R.Rudnitsky
__ __________ 2014

Requirements Specification
for development of sections and fulfillment of works as part of design documentation Terminal
for production and transfer of liquefied natural gas at Vysotsk port of Leningrad region featuring
throughput capability of 600 thous. tons of LNG per year, including gas pipeline from main gas
pipeline Leningrad-Vyborg-State Border
Object description

2.

Purpose of work

3.

Authority for work


execution

Terminal for production and transfer of liquefied natural gas at


Vysotsk port of Leningrad region featuring throughput capability
of 600 thous. tons of LNG per year, including gas pipeline from
main gas pipeline Leningrad-Vyborg-State Border.
2.1. Informing community about scheduled economic activity.
2.2. Development of sections of design documentation required
for holding public hearings and passing regulatory compliance
reviews.
3.1. Building Code of Russia (with revisions);
3.2. Land Code of Russia (with revisions);
3.3. Federal Law No.27- of 10.01.2002 On Protection of
Environment;
3.4. Federal Law No.174- of 23.11.1995 On Ecological
Appraisal (with revisions);
3.5. Federal Law No.52- of 30.03.1999 On Sanitary and
Epidemiologic Well-Being of the Population;
3.6. RF Government Resolution No.145 of 05.03.2007 On
procedure for organizing and conducting regulatory
compliance review of design documentation and results of
engineering survey (with revisions);
3.7. Order of the State Committee for Environmental Protection
of the Russian Federation No.372 of 16.05.2000 On
approval of Provision on assessment of impact of planned
economic or other activity on the environment in the
Russian Federation;
3.8. Federal Law No.52- of 30.03.1999 On Sanitary and
Epidemiologic Well-Being of the Population;
3.9. SanPiN 2.2.1/2.1.1.1200-03 (new edition with revisions);
3.10. SanPiN 7.1.6.1032-01 Hygienic requirements to ensuring
quality of atmospheric air in populated areas;
3.11. Federal Law No.7- of 10.01.2002 On Protection of
Environment;
3.12. Federal Law No.96- of 04.05.1999 On Atmospheric
Air Protection;
3.13. RF Government Resolution No.554 of 24.07.2000 On
approval of Provision on state sanitary and epidemiological
service of the Russian Federation and Provision on state
sanitary and epidemiological regulation (with revisions as of
September 15, 2005);

. .

. .

1.

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4.

Work completion time

5.

Object location

6.

Object characteristic

7.
8.
9.

Construction type
Customer
Design organization
General design contractor
10. Design organization
Subcontractor

11. Object composition and


technical parameters

3.14. Resolution of Administration of municipal entity Vyborg


district of Leningrad region No.2724 of 14.05.2014 On approval
of Provision on organization of public hearings (discussions) on
assessment of impact of planned economic on the environment in
the territory of municipal entity Vyborg district of Leningrad
region;
3.15. RF Government Resolution No.87 of 16.02.2008 On
composition of sections of design documentation and
requirements to the content thereof;
3.16. RF Government Resolution No.384 of 30.04.2013 On
approval of construction and reconstruction of capital construction
objects, introduction of new technological processes and effecting
other activity making impact on aquatic biological resources and
habitat thereof by the Federal Agency for Fishery of the Russian
Federation.
According to Work schedule of execution (Appendix 3 to
Contract)
RF, Leningrad region, Vyborg district, municipal entity Vysotsk
urban locality, Ryuevyalinniemy peninsula.
Object location is planned in close quarters of the sea port of
Vysotsk in the water space of Vyborg bay, at the northern coast of
Finland bay.
According to industrial safety classification the object belongs to a
category of dangerous industrial objects.
According to sanitary classification the object belongs to the firstclass enterprise.
New construction
Kriogaz CJSC
To be determined additionally
PI Petrokhimtekhnologiya LLC
. 4, Kantemirovskaya Str., 197342 Saint-Petersburg, tel.: (812)
718-27-77, fax: (812) 718-27-70, e-mail: petrohim@petrohim.com
Certificate of competency in certain type or types of work, which
impact the safety of capital construction objects: No. SR PSZ
01-08-13-102-P-016 of 01.08.2013 issued by self-regulated
organization Proektirovschiki Severo-Zapada nonprofit
partnership.
11.1. Gas pipeline-branch of main gas pipeline LeningradVyborg-State Border-1 with organization of back-up tie-in into
main gas pipeline Leningrad-Vyborg-State Border-2, featuring
length of 41 km, DN 500 mm.

. .

. .

11.2. Terminal for production of liquefied natural gas (TP LNG)


with the use of cycle of mixed cooling agent consisting of one
production line featuring throughput capacity of 80 tons per hour
and throughput capacity of 660,000 tons per year. The production
line includes two independent cooling agent turbocompressors
making it possible to produce independently 40 tons of LNG per
hour.
11.3. Hydraulic engineering installations of the main and auxiliary
fleets with an approach possibility for one tanker featuring draught
up to 7.8 m, and length not exceeding 157 m and one bunkering
tanker featuring draught up to 5 m with operational waters.

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12.

13.

. .

. .

14.

15.

16.

11.4. System of storage and delivery of liquefied natural gas


consisting of a tank featuring immediate tank capacity of 42,000
m, pumping and auxiliary equipment.
11.5. Liquefied natural gas filling station for LNG delivery into
dedicated truck tanks.
11.6. Production and auxiliary buildings, systems and structures
providing for object functionality.
Targeted activity
12.1. Mooring berth for receiving oversized cargo and
implementation stages
construction materials with temporary approach drive and area of
temporary storage for equipment and materials.
12.2. Gas pipeline-branch of main gas pipeline LeningradVyborg-State Border to a complex of natural gas liquefaction in
Vyborg district of Leningrad region port of Vysotsk
(hereinafter referred to as Stage II).
12.3. Terminal for production and transfer of liquefied natural gas
at Vysotsk port of Leningrad region featuring throughput
capability of 600 thous. tons of LNG per year (hereinafter
referred to as Stage III).
Work completion stages
Stage 1. Development of design of assumed sanitary protection
zone (hereinafter referred to as SPZ design)
Stage 2. Conducting evaluation of impact of planned economic
activity on environment
Stage 3. Development of Section 8 List of measures on
environmental protection (hereinafter referred to as LMEP) of
design documentation (DD).
Stage 4. Seeking approvals of design documentation (as regards
records of evaluating impact on aquatic biological resources) in
the Federal Agency for Fishery of the Russian Federation
(hereinafter referred to as FAF) .
Stage 5. Support of design documentation in the course of
reviewing by the State Environmental Expert Appraisal
(hereinafter referred to as SEEA)
Stage 6. Support in the course of reviewing design documentation
developed in accordance with Stage 3 of this Requirements
Specification in Federal State Institution State Expert Appraisal
Department of Russia (hereinafter referred to as
Glavgosekspertiza).
Requirements to content and 14.1. Development and Customers approval of Requirements
work results as per Stage 1 Specification for the development of SPZ design.
14.2. Development of SPZ design with determining approximate
boundaries, including carrying out sanitary-epidemiological expert
appraisal of design in the accredited organization, seeking
sanitary-epidemiological report in the Federal Service for
Consumer Rights and Human Welfare Protection
(Rospotrebnadzor).
14.3. SPZ design shall be drawn up as a separate volume.
Requirements
to
work 15.1. SPZ design;
results as per Stage 1
15.2. Expert report on SPZ design;
15.3. Sanitary-epidemiological report on SPZ design.
Requirements
to
work 16.1. Development and Customers approval of Requirements
content as per Stage 2
Specification for conducting evaluation of impact of planned
economic activity on environment.
16.2. Conducting studies on evaluation of impact on environment
and preparation of preliminary reports on evaluation of impact on
environment (hereinafter referred to as PAIE).
16.3. Technical support of PAIE reports before signing the public
debate Minutes, including:

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. .

Requirements to work
results as per Stage 2

18.

Requirements to work
content as per Stage 3

19.

Requirements to work
results as per Stage 3

. .

17.

organization and holding public debates in the form of public


hearings;

preparation of demonstration (presentation) materials required for


conducting public hearings;

participation in signing the public debate Minutes.


16.4.
Preparation of final materials for evaluation of impact on
environment (hereinafter referred to as AIE).
16.5.
Requirements Specification for conducting evaluation of impact on
environment shall be a part of materials on evaluation of impact on
environment.
16.6.
In the course of compiling Requirements Specification for
conducting evaluation of impact on environment it is necessary to take into
account the requirements of special authorized bodies on environmental
protection as well as the opinions of the other participants of the process of
evaluation of impact on environment. It is necessary to provide availability of
Requirements Specification for public and all participants of the process of
evaluation of impact on environment within the whole period of conducting
evaluation of impact on environment.
16.7.
Final materials of evaluation of impact on environment will get
prepared on the basis of preliminary materials with due account of comments,
proposals and information received from participants of the process of
evaluation of impact on environment at the stage of discussion.
16.8.
Final materials of evaluation of impact on environment shall include
information on taking into account received comments and proposals, as well
as Minutes of public debates.
17.1.
AIE;
17.2.
Materials of discussions with public, including Minutes of public
debates and publications in mass media.
18.1.
Development and Customers approval of Requirements
Specification for conducting for design documentation development as
regards Section 8 List of measures on environmental protection (hereinafter
referred to as LMEP).
18.2.
Development of LMEP.
18.3.
Content and composition of Section shall be adopted in accordance
with the Building Code of the Russian Federation No. 190- of 29.12.2004
by the RF Government Resolution No. 87 of 16.02.2008 and requirements of
the effective standard documents in the field of environmental protection.
18.4.
Section shall meet the requirements of SEEA and Glavgosekspertiza
by the content and composition.
18.5.
All the objects listed in this Requirements Specification shall be
given consideration in the course of Section LMEP development both
during construction and operation
18.6.
Section LMEP will be developed individually for every Stage I, II,
III.
18.7.
Design documentation for Stage I shall be developed first of all.
19.1.
Section 8 LMEP of DD for Stage I;
19.2.
Section 8 LMEP of DD for Stage II;
19.3.
Section 8 LMEP of DD for Stage III.

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Requirements to work content


as per Stage 4

20.1.
Seeking approvals of design documentation (as regards
materials of evaluation of impact on aquatic biological resources) from
FAF.
20.2.
Seeking approvals of planned activity from FAF shall be
carried out for the following stages:

Stage I;

Stages II and III


20.3.
Seeking approval from FAF for design documentation for
Stage I shall be effected first of all.

21.

Requirements to work results as


per Stage 4

22.

Requirements to work content


as per Stage 5

21.1.
Approval of FAF for design documentation for Stage I;
21.2.
Approval of FAF for design documentation for Stages II and
III;
22.1.
Technical support of design documentation related to the
objects of State Expert Appraisal Department during SEEA
performance up to receiving a positive report, including:

preparation of documents and materials, checking complete


set of documents by the objects subject to environmental impact
appraisal;

support of documentation and materials during expert


assessment (including expert removal of possible comments on
behalf of expert commission);

in case of getting negative SEEA report, updating


documentation and materials subject to expert appraisal taking into
account received comments and repeated filing of documents for
SEEA.
22.2.
Sets of documents shall be filed for environmental appraisal
by every Stage separately.
22.3.
Sequence of passing SEEA:
22.3.1. I Stage of construction;
22.3.2. II, III Stages of construction.

23.

Requirements to work results as


per Stage 5

23.1.
Positive SEE report on DD for Stage I;
23.2.
Positive SEE report on DD for Stages II and III with regard to
hydraulic engineering installations.

24.

Requirements to work content


as per Stage 6

25.

Requirements to work results as


per Stage 6

24.1.
Technical support during passing state examination of the
design documentation developed in accordance with Stage 3 of this
Requirements Specification, including:
24.1.1. support of documentation and materials during
expert examination (including urgent removal of possible
remarks on the part of expert commission);
24.1.2. in case of getting negative report of
Glavgosekspertiza updating documentation and materials
subject to expert assessment taking into account received
comments and repeated filing of documents for expert
appraisal.
Absence of remarks on the part of expert of Glavgosekspertiza
according to this design examination.

26.

Source data presented by


Customer

26.1.
General information on enterprise.
26.2.
Departmental peculiarities of production of a designed object
and brief technological characteristic of production.
26.3.
Title-establishing documents for plots of land, object
arrangement, city development plan
26.4.
Results of engineering surveys (engineering-geological,
engineering- hydrometeorological, engineering-ecological surveys
regarding marine and ground sections)

. .

. .

20.

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26.5.
Content of design documentation, standard for completion
26.6.
Sections of design documentation:
26.6.1. Explanatory note.
26.6.2. Land plot layout diagram, including: general layout plan;
diagram of site space planning in form*.dwg, land use distribution
(technical and economic performance according to general layout),
balance of cut and fill.
26.6.3. Architectural solutions (Explanatory note and drawings).
26.6.4. Constructional and space-planning solutions, including
hydroengineering solutions on mandatory basis (Explanatory note
and drawings).
26.6.5. Information on engineering equipment, on networks of
engineering and technical support, list of engineering and technical
measures, content of technological solutions (system of power
supply, heat supply, water supply and water discharge, systems of
heating and ventilation, technological solutions).
26.6.6. Arrangement of construction project, including:
technology and stage-by-stage approach to production of work,
volumes of work, (including hydrotechnical works), list of
demanded basic construction materials and resources, list of
demanded construction equipment, including waterborne vehicles
for implementation of hydrotechnical works, work schedule,
information on quantity of construction personnel, information on
engineering provision of construction site (water supply, water
discharge, power supply), layout and location plan with
explication (soft copy, form - *.dwg).
26.6.7. Information on possible emergency situations, measures
on preventing emergency situations, types of possible accidents,
areas of influence thereof (section of CD & ES), OSR operations
plan.
26.6.8. Noise characteristics of process and auxiliary equipment
(separation screens, classificators, pumps, transformers, etc.),
ventilation equipment.
26.6.9. Information on bunkering in the period of construction
and operation.
26.6.10. Maps of current directions of the area of object location,
map of depths.
26.6.11. Information on receiving domestic and industrial (bilge)
effluent water from vessels during construction and operation.
Special conditions

27.1.
Contractor coordinates Programs and results of engineering
and ecological surveys
27.2.
Customer provides a Contractor with documentation and
true information required for fulfilling obligations
27.3.
Contractor supports processes of approval and expert
appraisal of expected SPZ design in the corresponding governmental
bodies necessary due to requirements of the effective environmentoriented and sanitary legislation of RF

. .

. .

27.

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28.

27.4.
Payment for conducting approvals and expert appraisals of
expected SPZ design in governmental bodies necessary due to
requirements of the effective environment-oriented and sanitary
legislation of RF will be effected by a Customer.
27.5.
Payment for publication of announcements in the mass media
about conducting public hearings a swell as for leasing of premises for
conducting hearings will be effected by a Customer.
27.6.
Filing design documentation and materials for SEEA will be
effected by a Customer.
27.7.
Payment for conducting state environmental appraisals will be
effected by a Customer.
The following will be submitted to a Customer:
28.1.
Requirements Specification for conducting assessment of
impact on environment in hard copy and on electronic media in
form*.PDF and *.DOC;
28.2.
Materials on preliminary assessment of impact on environment
in hard copy and on electronic media in forms*.PDF, *.DOC and
*.DWG;
28.3.
Materials on preliminary assessment of impact on environment
in hard copy and on electronic media in forms *.PDF, *.DOC and
*.DWG;
28.4.
SPZ design approved in Federal Service on Surveillance for
Consumer rights protection and human well-being authorities in hard
copy and on electronic media in forms*.PDF, *.DOC and *.DWG;
28.5.
Section 8 LMEP for Stage I in hard copy and on electronic
media in forms *.PDF, *.DOC and *.DWG;
28.6.
Section 8 LMEP for Stage II in hard copy and on electronic
media in forms *.PDF, *.DOC and *.DWG;
28.7.
Section 8 LMEP for Stage III in hard copy and on electronic
media in forms *.PDF, *.DOC and *.DWG.

Requirements to reporting
documentation

Chief Project Engineer of Kriogaz PJSC

S.Yu. Dobrovolsky

Environmental Protection Department Manager of PI Petrokhimtekhnologiya LLC

FOR CONTRACTOR:
Director General of PI Petrokhimtekhnologiya LLC
_______________ / .V. Korablin /
__ _______________2014
Stamp here

. .

. .

FOR CUSTOMER:
Director General of Kriogaz PJSC
_______________ / R.Rudnitsky /
__ _______________2014
Stamp here

.N. Vasheva

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Appendix . Copy of Letter from SI Saint-Petersburg HMEC-R on climatic


characteristics
Federal Service on Hydrometeorology and Environment
Control, North-West Interregional Territorial Administration
State Institution Saint-Petersburg Center on
Hydrometeorology and Environment Control with
Regional Functions (SI Saint-Petersburg HMEC-R)
Legal address:
199106, Saint-Petersburg, Vasilyevsky Island, 23rd line, 2.
Actual address:
197022, Saint-Petersburg, ul. Prof. Popova, 48
OKPO 58302832, OGRN 1037800007684,
INN 7801201880/KPP 780101001
phone 234-12-74, fax 234-56-04
E-mail: secretary@meteo.nw.ru

Attn: General Director of DI


Petrochim-Technology LLC,
Mr. O.V. Korablin

30.03.2010 No. 20/07-11/ 234


To No. 86 dated 22.03.2010

Represented below are climatic characteristics of Vysotsk town, Leningrad region.


1.
Coefficient depending on atmosphere stratification, ..................................... 160
2.
Coefficient of terrain relief .................................................................................... 1
3.
Average maximum air temperature () of the warmest month (July) ............ 21.7
4.
Average air temperature () of the coldest month (February) ........................ -8.0
5.
Repetition of wind direction and still air in a year, %
N NE
11 11
6.

E
11

SE
9

SW
20

W
11

NW
11

still air
7

Wind velocity, the exceedance frequency of which is 5%, m/s

Head of SI
Saint-Petersburg HMEC-R

Y.D. Malashin

Performed by:
E.V. Potapova
328-13-61

. .

. .

S
16

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Appendix D. Copy of Letter from SI Saint-Petersburg HMEC-R on background


concentration
Federal Service on Hydrometeorology and Environment
Control, North-West Interregional Territorial Administration
on Hydrometeorology and Environment Control
State Institution Saint-Petersburg Center on
Hydrometeorology and Environment Control with
Regional Functions (SI Saint-Petersburg HMEC-R)
Legal address:
199106, Saint-Petersburg, Vasilyevsky Island, 23rd line, 2.
Actual address:
197022, Saint-Petersburg, ul. Prof. Popova, 48
phone 234-12-74, fax 234-56-04
E-mail: secretary@meteo.nw.ru
05.04.10 No. 11-19/2-25-257

Attn: General Director of DI


Petrochim-Technology LLC,
Mr. O.V. Korablin

To No. 86 dated 22.02.10


On background concentration

In reply to your inquiry please be informed on background concentration (mg/m3) of polluting


substances in atmospheric air, Vysotsk town (Vyborgsky district):
suspended substances - 0.140
sulphur dioxide carbon oxide nitrogen dioxide -

0.011
1.8
0.056

Without account of object contribution


Data is valid from 2009 till 2013 including

. .

. .

SI Saint-Petersburg HMEC-R has no data on background concentration of nitrogen


oxide (II). Background concentration can be calculated by the design organization
according to -86.

Head of SI Saint-Petersburg HMEC-R

Y.D. Malashin

Drozd
phone (812) 329 92 83

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