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Expertises vibratoires

de machines tournantes
Expertises vibratoires
de structures
Mesures de contraintes

Shaft dynamic simulator


Specially designed to study sleeve bearings
machinery
On sleeve bearings machinery, main defaults are due to
rub, shaft resonance frequency, oil film instability (WHIP
and WHIRL). Its necessary to master their specific
diagnostic: orbit analysis, backward or forward whirl to
realize a complete predictive maintenance.
This simulator allows to study shaft dynamic
behaviour in hydrodynamic sleeve bearings
machinery.
A stainless steel oil tank with pump and pressure
gage allows oil flow to the bearings for a good
lubrification.

Specifications :
1/2 HP motor (3 phases) with variable frequency AC
drive and multi-featured front panel programmable
controller

Characteristics :
Portable, robust and easy learning.

Realize a multi-plan balancing.

Study main machinery defaults and learn their


vibratory signatures.

Study shaft critical speed phenomenon.

Study main sleeve bearing machinery defaults and


learn their vibratory signatures (orbits, GAP).

Easy way to create default on the machine.

Books with exercises to an individual learning.

For specific studies, 34options kits are available.


Scalable, robust and functional,
Ideal for learning.

Pressurized fluid film bearings with features to


change bearing clearance, length, and type.
Includes two full sleeve bearings with multiple oil
inlet prots, tapped holes for mounting two proximity
probes at 90 degrees, ability to rotate probe at any
angle.
Oil distribution and pressure adjustment system
including of pump, pressure gage, stainless steel oil
tank, back flow safety switch, pressure interlock
gauge
Vibration isolators mounts and base stiffener
One 12.7 mm (1/2)TGP straight steel shaft
Dimension : 12cm36cm65cm
Weight : ~60kg
Discs
Three steel disks with one row of 18 holes
Safety
Impact resistant clear safety cover with safety
interlock

TECHNIVIB INTERNATIONAL - Rue de Lausanne 37 - 1201 GENEVE Switzerland

Tl : 0041 22 349 37 32 Fax : 0041 22 349 37 33


e.mail : info@technivib.com
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n TVA: CHE 267 065 850 TVA

Ce document est la proprit de Technivib International. Toute communication, reproduction, publication, mme partielle, est interdite sauf autorisation crite de la part de la socit Technivib International.

Option kits to shaft simulator


The shaft simulator provides you with a basic setup for performing rotor dynamics experiments and learning
vibration signatures of different machine malfunctions. However, a detailed investigation of a particular
phenomenon will require additional attachments and fixtures. Technivib has thought carefully about various
applications of the expert system. Listed below are several Option Kits to be used for performing different in-depth
studies. Each Option Kit provides you with a wealth of information to increase your knowledge of rotor dynamics
and machinery fault diagnostics. It is important to note that the expert system is very versatile and can be
configured in many more ways than those associated with the standard Option Kits.

Study kit WHIRL/WHIP (MR-OWSK-1/2):


Learn effects of oil bearing instability.
Recognize signature of WHIRL and WHIP.
This kit contains 8 pads (4 pairings) to change bearing clearance. 2 specific pads
are elliptic to generate whip/whirl instability.

Kit to change for a shaft(MR-BSK-3/4)


Study the defaults on a shaft.
This kit contains pads, shaft, 2 holed discs and a coupling.
Study kit WHIRL/WHIP for shaft (MR-OWSK-3/4):
Learn effects of a stiffer shaft on bearings instability.
This kit contains 8 pads (4 pairings) to change bearing clearance. 2 specific pads
are elliptic to generate whip/whirl instability.

Eccentric Rotor

Learn the effects of rotor eccentricity on vibration spectra.

Determine relationships between eccentricity and unbalance.

Develop techniques to locate and correct the effects of eccentricity.

Learn the effect of varying the mass moment of inertia on vibration


amplitude.

The kit consists of one aluminum rotor with an asymmetrically located center bore
and one clamp collar.

TECHNIVIB INTERNATIONAL - Rue de Lausanne 37 - 1201 GENEVE Switzerland

Tl : 0041 22 349 37 32 Fax : 0041 22 349 37 33


e.mail : info@technivib.com
N FED : CH-660-0651013-2 -

Website : www.technivib.com
n TVA: CHE 267 065 850 TVA

Ce document est la proprit de Technivib International. Toute communication, reproduction, publication, mme partielle, est interdite sauf autorisation crite de la part de la socit Technivib International.

Cocked Rotor

Learn the effects of a sheave that has not been fitted to the shaft
properly.

Learn vibration signature of a cocked rotor.

Develop methods to correct cocked rotor problems.

Learn the effect of varying the mass moment of inertia on vibration


amplitude.

The kit consists of a cocked aluminum rotor and one clamp collar.
Set of Four Coupling Types The spectral pattern for shaft misalignment is a
strong function of coupling stiffness.

Learn the effects of coupling stiffness on rotor dynamics and vibration


signature of various defects.

Clarify the complexities of machinery shaft misalignment problems.

Each kit consists of one gear, one LoveJoy, one rubber, and one rigid steel
coupling.
Coupling End Bent Shaft

The coupling end bent shaft reveals a complicated vibration signature


due to gyroscopic effects.

Observe the difficulty associated with attempting to balance an overhung


rotor with a bent shaft.

Learn to cope with the alignment issues due to a bent shaft.

Conversion kit to rolling bearing (M-RBK-1/2)

Allows to put the shaft on rolling bearings.

Kit contains to rolling bearings with their housing for a shaft.

1/2" Shaft Bearing Fault Kit


The kit provides deliberately faulted bearings to learn waveform and spectra of
classic bearing defects when bearing fault frequencies are not close to multiples
of the shaft running speed (RPM). The kit includes four faulted bearings: one
outer race, one ball, one inner race, and one combination defect.
Cocked Bearing Housing
Due to improper seating, bearings are sometimes not installed uniformly in the
cavity, creating a cocked situation. Recognizing the signature of a cocked bearing
is beneficial in that corrective action can be taken long before failure occurs. The
kit consists of one bearing housing designed to exhibit this condition.
3/4" Shaft Bearing Loader

Demonstrate how rotor loading affects bearing vibration amplitude.

Location can be adjusted axially.

A radial load on bearings shows the effects of loading and enhances the
spectral amplitude.

The kit consists of one 1" bore loader and two clamp collars.
TECHNIVIB INTERNATIONAL - Rue de Lausanne 37 - 1201 GENEVE Switzerland

Tl : 0041 22 349 37 32 Fax : 0041 22 349 37 33


e.mail : info@technivib.com
N FED : CH-660-0651013-2 -

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n TVA: CHE 267 065 850 TVA

Ce document est la proprit de Technivib International. Toute communication, reproduction, publication, mme partielle, est interdite sauf autorisation crite de la part de la socit Technivib International.

3/4" Shaft Bearing Fault Kit

Deliberately faulted bearings to learn waveform and spectra of classic


bearing defects.

Learn about signal processing issues such as averaging techniques,


leakage, and spectral resolution on determining bearing faults.

Perform experiments while increasing the severity of defects.

Determine why ultra-high resolution spectrum is needed to diagnose a


bearing fault when fault frequencies are located close to multiples of
RPM.

Learn how a large signal can mask adjoining low amplitude signals due to
spectral leakage.

The kit consists of one inner race defect, one outer race defect, one with ball
defect, and one combination of defects. The default frequencies are very close to
the multiples of shaft RPM.

Mechanical Rub Kit


This kit permits the evaluation of typical rub phenomena
associated with a variety of materials under different angle,
loading, and lubricant conditions.

Experiments can be performed on the shaft or rotor.

Easy to install different materials for rubbing experiments.

The kit consists of an adjustable tool holder for the rub material, a vertical
post, a horizontal bar, and clamping mechanism.
Damped Bearing Housing Kit
This kit provides a bearing housing with a higher damping factor than the
standard housing. Typical rolling element bearing systems are an allmetal structure with virtually no damping. This item will enable you to add
damping to a standard rolling element bearing housing. The amplitude of
the resonance of a structure (or critical speed of rotors) is primarily
controlled by its damping. A typical rotor resonance amplitude tends to be
high, creating violent vibration. This kit can be used to demonstrate the
reduction in rotor resonance amplitude due to the installation of damping.
This approach can be used in real life situations where the other common
techniques such as mass and/or stiffness variation cannot be applied or
is cost prohibitive. In many situations, damping is the most cost effective
and appropriate means to attenuate resonant vibration. Technivib has
unique expertise in damping technology. The kit consists of two special
bearing housings and two " bearings fitted with isolators.

TECHNIVIB INTERNATIONAL - Rue de Lausanne 37 - 1201 GENEVE Switzerland

Tl : 0041 22 349 37 32 Fax : 0041 22 349 37 33


e.mail : info@technivib.com
N FED : CH-660-0651013-2 -

Website : www.technivib.com
n TVA: CHE 267 065 850 TVA

Ce document est la proprit de Technivib International. Toute communication, reproduction, publication, mme partielle, est interdite sauf autorisation crite de la part de la socit Technivib International.

Force Transducer

Measure forces exerted on bearings due to coupling


misalignment, rotor unbalance, belt misalignment, belt tension

Demonstrate how mass unbalance force quadruples when the


speed is doubled, but vibration amplitude does not follow the
same trend

Establish quantitative tensions for drive belt studies

Learn to relate the vibration signature to forces associated with


common malfunctions such as resonance, bearing faults, and
more

Witness 180 degree phase shift between heavy and high spots
when rotor goes through a critical speed

Verify and refine your rotor dynamic models and enhance


modeling skills

Learn phase relationship between force and vibration spectrum

Learn nature of rotor dynamic forces due to common defects

There are three options available depending on the customer


requirements:

Vertical force transducer for 5/8 and diameter shaft

Horizontal force transducer for 5/8 and shaft

Combined horizontal and vertical force transducer for 5/8 and


diameter shaft

The kit consists of one appropriate force transducer with cables and one
matching signal conditioner and power supply.

TECHNIVIB INTERNATIONAL - Rue de Lausanne 37 - 1201 GENEVE Switzerland

Tl : 0041 22 349 37 32 Fax : 0041 22 349 37 33


e.mail : info@technivib.com
N FED : CH-660-0651013-2 -

Website : www.technivib.com
n TVA: CHE 267 065 850 TVA

Ce document est la proprit de Technivib International. Toute communication, reproduction, publication, mme partielle, est interdite sauf autorisation crite de la part de la socit Technivib International.

Example of possible studies :


Shaft critical frequency
Run-up

83.3 Hz
16.6 Hz

In this configuration (discs position), 2 critical speeds at 16.6 Hz and 83.3 Hz are measured.
Orbit analysis confirms the behaviour of a critical speed.

TECHNIVIB INTERNATIONAL - Rue de Lausanne 37 - 1201 GENEVE Switzerland

Tl : 0041 22 349 37 32 Fax : 0041 22 349 37 33


e.mail : info@technivib.com
N FED : CH-660-0651013-2 -

Website : www.technivib.com
n TVA: CHE 267 065 850 TVA

Ce document est la proprit de Technivib International. Toute communication, reproduction, publication, mme partielle, est interdite sauf autorisation crite de la part de la socit Technivib International.

Phenomenon shown with WHIP WHIRL study kit


Tests below show phenomenon that can be seen during a run-up from 0 to 5100 RPM.
Tests have been done with resonance kit (12.8mm shaft) and with whirl/whip kit.
One dics in a central position was on the shaft for a 1rst critical frequency at 23Hz (1380 RPM).
Spectres cascades 3D

Order 0.49
Whip

Order 1
F0: 5100 RPM
Soit 85 Hz

Order 0.49
Whirl
1st critical
frequency
Order 1
F0 : 360 RPM
or 6 Hz

Colormap 2D

0.49 f0
Whip
0.49 f0
Whirl

1re
shaft
critical
frequency : 23 Hz

On this 2 representations, WHIP and WHIRL phenomenon (oil film instability in the bearing) appears clearly.

TECHNIVIB INTERNATIONAL - Rue de Lausanne 37 - 1201 GENEVE Switzerland

Tl : 0041 22 349 37 32 Fax : 0041 22 349 37 33


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Ce document est la proprit de Technivib International. Toute communication, reproduction, publication, mme partielle, est interdite sauf autorisation crite de la part de la socit Technivib International.

RUB :

Orbit shows an abnormal strength applies to the shaft: RUB.

TECHNIVIB INTERNATIONAL - Rue de Lausanne 37 - 1201 GENEVE Switzerland

Tl : 0041 22 349 37 32 Fax : 0041 22 349 37 33


e.mail : info@technivib.com
N FED : CH-660-0651013-2 -

Website : www.technivib.com
n TVA: CHE 267 065 850 TVA

Ce document est la proprit de Technivib International. Toute communication, reproduction, publication, mme partielle, est interdite sauf autorisation crite de la part de la socit Technivib International.