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CopyrightInformation
ThisdocumentisprotectedbycopyrightunderthelawsofAustraliaandotherjurisdictionsthroughouttheworld.Itmustnotbyanymeans,
eitherinwholeorpart,bereproduced,communicatedtothepublic,adapted,distributed,sold,modified,publishedexceptaspermittedby
200 4VFSInternationalPtyLtdACN100259381
anylawsorstatuteorwithpriorwrittenconsentofVFSInternationalPtyLtd.Copyright

Disclaimer
Themanufacturerreservestherighttochangedesignsorspecificationswithoutobligationandwithoutfurthernotice.VESDA,
LaserTEKNIC,LaserPLUS,LaserSCANNER,LaserCOMPACT,LaserFOCUS,VESDAnet,VESDAlink,ASPIRE,ASPIRE2,AutoLearn,
VSM,VConfig,InfoWORKS,PROACTIV,PRECISION,VSC,ADPRO,FastTrace,FastVu,FastScan,Axiom,PRO,Amux,VideoCentral,
MillbankandVxLANarebrandsandtrademarksusedunderlicensebythedistributor.

FCCComplianceStatement
ThisequipmenthasbeentestedandfoundtocomplywiththelimitsforaClassBdigitaldevice,pursuanttopart15oftheFCCRules.
Theselimitsaredesignedtoprovidereasonableprotectionagainstharmfulinterferenceinaresidentialinstallation.Thisequipment
generates,usesandcanradiateradiofrequencyenergyand,ifnotinstalledandusedinaccordancewiththeinstruction,maycause
harmfulinterferencetoradiocommunications.However,thereisnoguaranteethatinterferencewillnotoccurinaparticularinstallation.If
thisequipmentdoescauseharmfulinterferencetoradioortelevisionreception,theuserisencouragedtotrytocorrecttheinterferenceby
oneormoreofthefollowingmeasuresreorientateorrelocatethereceivingantenna,increasetheseparationbetweentheequipmentand
receiver,connecttheequipmenttoapoweroutletwhichisonadifferentpowercircuittothereceiverorconsultthedealeroran
experiencedradio/televisiontechnicianforhelp.

GeneralWarning
Thisproductmustonlybeinstalled,configuredandusedstrictlyinaccordancewiththeGeneralTermsandConditionsandthetechnical
documentationavailablefromVFSInternationalPtyLtd(VFS).Youacknowledgethatyouhavereadandagreetothosetermsand
conditions.Allproperhealthandsafetyprecautionsmustbetakenduringtheinstallation,commissioningandmaintenanceoftheproduct.
Theproductshouldnotbeconnectedtoapowersourceuntilallthecomponentshavebeeninstalled.Propersafetyprecautionsmustbe
takenduringtestsandmaintenanceoftheproductswhenthesearestillconnectedtothepowersource.Failuretodosoortamperingwith
theelectronicsinsidetheproductscanresultinanelectricshockcausinginjuryordeathandmaycauseequipmentdamage.VFSisnot
responsibleandcannotbeheldaccountableforanyliabilitythatmayariseduetoimproperuseoftheequipmentand/orfailuretotake
properprecautions.OnlypersonstrainedthroughanaccreditedVFStrainingcoursecaninstall,testandmaintaintheproduct.

LimitationofLiability
Thisproductmustonlybeinstalled,configuredandusedstrictlyinaccordancewiththeGeneralTermsandConditions,thismanualandthe
technicaldocumentationavailablefromVFSInternationalPtyLtd.Youacknowledgethatyouhavereadandagreetothosetermsand
conditions.
Youacknowledgethatyouhavebeenprovidedwithareasonableopportunitytoappraisetheproductandhavemadeyourown
independentassessmentofthefitnessorsuitabilityforyourpurpose.Youacknowledgethatyouhavenotreliedonanyoralorwritten
information,representationoradvicegivenbyoronbehalfofVFSoritsrepresentatives.
VFShasnoliabilitytoyouoranypersonforincidentalorconsequentialloss,expenseordamagesincluding,withoutlimitation,lossof
business,lossofprofitsorlossofdata.YouindemnifyVFSforanyclaim,amountorliabilitybroughtagainstVFSinconnectionwiththe
product.
Youexpresslyagreethatyouassumetheentireriskastotheresultsandperformanceoftheproductresultingfromtheconfigurationofthe
product.VFSdoesnotwarrant,guaranteeormakeanyrepresentations,eitherexpresslyorimplied,regardingthecurrentorfutureuse,or
theresultsoftheuse,oftheproduct,withrespecttoitscorrectness,accuracy,reliability,completeness,interworking,functionality,
currentnessorotherwiseresultingfromtheconfigurationoftheproduct.
Tothefullextentpermittedbylaw,VFSexpresslyexcludesallconditions,warrantiesandliability,whetherimposedorimpliedbystatuteor
byruleoflaworotherwise,whicharenotexpresslysetoutintheGeneralTermsandConditions.
Totheextentpermittedbylaw,yoursolerecourseforanydefectof,damageto,orperformancestandardoftheproductwillbeunderthe
expresswarrantiestheGeneralTermsandConditions(ifapplicable)andVFSwillinnoeventbeliabletopayanyamountordamages
resultingfromorinconnectionwiththeproduct.
Totheextentbylawthatanylimitationorexclusioncannotapply,thetotalliabilityofVFSinrelationtotheproductislimitedto:
(i)inthecaseofservices,thecostofhavingtheservicessuppliedagainor
(ii)inthecaseofgoods,thelowestcostofreplacingthegoods,acquiringequivalentgoodsorhavingthegoodsrepaired.
Totheextentpermittedbylaw,VFShasnoliabilitywithrespecttodamagetoorarisingoutof,ortheconditionorperformanceof,the
productresultingfrom(i)negligenceorimproperuse,storage,installation,configurationcommission,servicemaintenanceorhandlingof
theproduct(where'improper'includestreatmentotherthaninaccordancewiththeproductmanual,thesetermsandconditionsorthe
informationprovidedatatrainingsession)(ii)accident,unforeseeablecircumstancesordisaster(iii)modificationstotheproductother
thaninaccordancewithVFS'sinstructions(iv)attachmentoforinteroperationwithfeatures,softwareorproductsnotapprovedbyVFSin
writingor(v)wheretheproducthasbeenservicedbypersonsnotauthorizedbyVFSinwritingtoservicetheproduct.

ProductWarrantyConditions
VFSInternationalPtyLtd(VFS)warrantsthatnewproducts(excludingconsumableitems)willconformtoitspublishedspecificationsand
remainingoodworkingorderduringthewarrantyperiodof24(twentyfour)monthsfromthedateaninvoiceisissuedbyVFStoits
distributor.
VFSalsowarrantsthatproductsservicedorrepairedbyitsservicedepartmentwillremainingoodworkingorderforawarrantyperiodof
12 (twelve)monthsfromthedateofservice.Thisserviceorrepairwarrantyisonlyavailableonproductslessthan7(seven)yearsoldand
onlycoversthosecomponentpartsoftheproductsserviced,repairedorreplaced.
Shouldproductunderwarrantynotbeingoodworkingorder,VFSwill,atitsoption,eitherrepairorreplacetheproductoritscomponent
partsatnoadditionalcharge.
Sparepartsandreplacementproduct,coveredunderthiswarranty,willbefurnishedonanexchangebasisandwill,attheoptionofVFS
eitherbenew,equivalenttoneworreconditioned.ReturnedpartsandproductstoVFSbecomethepropertyofVFS.
Thiswarrantydoesnotcovertherepairordamagetotheproductresultingfromorarisingoutof(i)negligenceorimproperusestorage,
installation,configuration,commission,service,maintenanceorhandlingoftheproduct(where'improper'includestreatmentotherthanin
accordancewithanymanualorinstructionsforuseoftheproduct)(ii)accident,unforeseeablecircumstancesordisaster(iii)
modificationstotheproductotherthaninaccordancewithVFS'sinstructions(iv)attachmentoffeaturesorinteroperationwithfeatures,
softwareorproductsnotapprovedbyVFSinwritingor(v)wheretheproducthasbeenservicedbypersonsnotauthorizedbyVFSin
writingtoservicetheproduct.

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DocumentConventions
Thefollowingtypographicconventionsareusedinthisdocument.

Convention

Description

Bold

Usedtodenote:emphasis
Usedfornamesofmenus,menuoptions,toolbarbuttons

Italics

Usedtodenote:referencestootherpartsofthisdocumentor
otherdocuments.Usedfortheresultofanaction

Thefollowingiconsareusedinthisdocument

Convention

Description
Caution:Thisiconisusedtoindicatethatthereisadangerto
equipment.Thedangercouldbelossofdata,physicaldamage,
orpermanentcorruptionofconfigurationdetails.
Warning:Thisiconisusedtoindicatethatthereisadangerof
electricshock.Thismayleadtodeathorpermanentinjury.

Warning:Thisiconisusedtoindicatethatthereisadangerof
inhalingdangeroussubstances.Thismayleadtodeathor
permanentinjury.
ContactUs
AustraliaandAsia

TheAmericas

Europe&MiddleEast

VisionSystems
PrivateBag215
49 5BlackburnRoad
MountWaverleyVIC3149
Australia
Tollfree:1800700203
Tel:+61(0)392117200
Fax:+61(0)392117201

VisionSystems
700LongwaterDrive
Norwell,
Massachusetts,02061
USA
Tollfree:8002294434
Tel:+1787402223
Fax:+1787404433

VisionSystems
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UnitedKingdom
Tel:+44(0)1442242330
Fax:+44(0)1442249327

www.vesda.com www.adpro.com.au www.millbank.co.uk


Standards
Westronglyrecommendthatthisdocumentisreadinconjunctionwiththeappropriatelocalcodesandstandardsforsmokedetectionand
electricalconnections.Thisdocumentcontainsgenericproductinformationandsomesectionsmaynotcomplywithalllocalcodesand
standards.Inthesecases,thelocalcodesandstandardsmusttakeprecedence.Theinformationbelowwascorrectattimeofprintingbut
maynowbeoutofdate,checkwithyourlocalcodes,standardsandlistingsforthecurrentrestrictions.

FDA
ThisVESDAproductincorporatesalaserdeviceandisclassifiedasaClass1laserproductthatcomplieswithFDAregulations21CFR
1040.10. Thelaserishousedinasealeddetectorchamberandcontainsnoserviceableparts.Thelaseremitsinvisiblelightandcanbe
hazardousifviewedwiththenakedeye.Undernocircumstancesshouldthedetectorchamberbeopened.

FM
3611HazardousApprovalWarning:Exposuretosomechemicalsmaydegradethesealingofrelaysusedonthedetector.Relaysusedon
thedetectoraremarkedTX25V,G6S25VorEC25NU.
VESDAdetectorsmustnotbeconnectedordisconnectedtoaPCwhiletheequipmentispoweredinanFMDivision2hazardous
(classified)location(definedbyFM3611).

ii

VESDA

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CodesandStandardsInformationforAirSamplingSmokeDetection
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ONORMF3014
ONORMF3014,transporttimesforalltubes(includingcapillaries)mustnotexceed60secondsfromanyhole.Thismeansthatthepre
designedpipenetworksthatincludecapillariescannotbeused.

AS1603.8
Theperformanceofthisproductisdependentupontheconfigurationofthepipenetwork.Anyextensionsormodificationstothepipe
networkmaycausetheproducttostopworkingcorrectly.YoumustcheckthatASPIRE2approvesalterationsbeforemakinganychanges.
ASPIRE2isavailablefromyourVESDAASDdistributor.

AS1603.13
AS1603.13:VESDAdetectorsarenotcompliantwiththepressuretestinginthisstandard.

FMApprovedApplications
TheproductmustbepoweredfromVPS100US120,VPS100US220orVPS220only.

EuropeanInstallations
TheproductmustuseapowersupplyconformingtoEN54:Part4.

ListingInformationfortheVESDALaserFOCUS
ULListing
Foropenareaprotectionthefirealarmthreshold(signal)thatinitiatesanevacuationprocedureviatheFireAlarmPanelmustnotbesetno
lesssensitivethan0.625%/ft.ThedetectorcansendthissignaleitherviatheFireAlarmPanelOutputsignalorthePrealarmoutput
signal.

ActivFireListing
Thefirealarmthreshold(signal)thatinitiatesanevacuationprocedureviatheFireAlarmPanelmustnotbesetnolesssensitivethan
1%m.

ProductListings
UL
ULC
FM
LPCB
VdSapprovalnumberG205018
NF
ActivFire
CCCP
CE(EN501304:1995A2:2003&EN6100063:2001)
Document:07208_17

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Contents
Scope...............................................................................................................................................1
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IntroductiontoVESDALaserFOCUS............................................................................................1
Generalnotification.................................................................................................................1
Installation.......................................................................................................................................1
Detectormounting...................................................................................................................1
Installingthesmokedetector..................................................................................................2
Installationprocedure..........................................................................................................3
Invertingtheuserinterfacedisplay.....................................................................................4
Detectorremoval.....................................................................................................................4
Airinletpipeconnections........................................................................................................5
Exhaustairpipeconnections..................................................................................................6
Wiringconnections..................................................................................................................6
Detectorcablingrequirements............................................................................................6
GPIGeneralPurposeInput(Terminals1&2).................................................................7
Extraterminals(Terminals3,4,5,6&7)............................................................................9
Powersupply(Terminals8,9,10&11)..............................................................................9
Relays(Terminals1220)................................................................................................10
TypicalWiringToFirePanel(FACP)................................................................................11
WiringToanAddressLoopModule..................................................................................11
Interfacecard....................................................................................................................12
RS232Compatibleserialport...............................................................................................12
InstallationChecklist.............................................................................................................13
SamplingPipeNetworkDesign...................................................................................................13
Singlepipenetwork...............................................................................................................14
Branchedpipenetwork.........................................................................................................16
Returnairsampling(returngrilles)........................................................................................17
Installationconsiderations.....................................................................................................18
Airsamplinginaduct............................................................................................................19
Commissioning.............................................................................................................................19
General.................................................................................................................................19
AutoLearnSmoke.................................................................................................................20
AutoLearnFlow.....................................................................................................................21
VESDASystemConfigurator(VSC).....................................................................................21
Commissioningsmoketest...................................................................................................21
DetectorOverview.........................................................................................................................22
Features................................................................................................................................22
Description............................................................................................................................22
Applications...........................................................................................................................22
ProductInterface...........................................................................................................................23
Frontview..............................................................................................................................23
InstantRecognitionDisplay...................................................................................................24
Controlsandindicators.........................................................................................................25
Interfaceinformationandcontrolbuttons..........................................................................26
Detectorcontrolbuttons....................................................................................................27
Smokelevel&InstantFaultFinderdisplays.........................................................................28
Smokeleveldisplay..........................................................................................................29
InstantFaultFinder...........................................................................................................29
VLFTroubleshootingwithInstantFaultFinder.................................................................30

LaserFOCUSVLF250ProductGuide

VESDA

FactoryDefaults............................................................................................................................31
Specifications................................................................................................................................32
Maintenance..................................................................................................................................34
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Overview...............................................................................................................................34
Maintenanceschedule..........................................................................................................35
Filterreplacement.................................................................................................................36
Aspiratorreplacement...........................................................................................................37

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1.1 Scope
ThismanualdescribesthefeaturesoftheVESDALaserFOCUS,thespecificationsand
functions,installationrequirements,commissioningandoperationprocedures.Aschedulefor
preventativemaintenanceisalsoprovided.

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1.2 IntroductiontoVESDALaserFOCUS
TheVESDALaserFOCUSearlywarningairsamplingsmokedetectorincorporatesworldleading
VESDAveryearlywarninglaserbasedaspiratedsmokedetectiontechnology.Itprovides
localizedfireriskmanagementsolutionsforsmall,criticalenvironments.TheVESDA
2
LaserFOCUSVLF250monitorsareasupto250m(2500sq.ft.),dependantonlocalcodesand
standards.TheVESDALaserFOCUScomplementstheexistingVESDAdetectorrangeandhas
beendesignedtoprovidesimpleinstallationandcommissioning,absolutesmokedetectionand
reliableandconsistentresponsetosmokeeventswithoutbeingaffectedbyfalsealarms.

Generalnotification
Note:

PriortocarryingoutanyworkormaintenanceontheVESDALaserFOCUStakethe
necessarystepstoadvisethemonitoringauthoritythatpowermayberemovedand
thesystemdisabled.

Caution:

Electrostaticdischargeprecautionsneedtobetakenpriortoremovingthefront
coverfromthedetectorotherwisedamagemayoccurtotheunit.

1.3 Installation
TheVESDALaserFOCUSdetectorisshippedwithallthecomponentsnecessaryforinstallation
withtheexceptionofpipeandassociatedmaterials.
Componentsinclude:

1 LaserFOCUSdetectorwithfittedexhaustdeflector.
1 Mountingbracket.
1 EndofLineresistor(seeGPIGeneralPurposeInput(Terminals1&2)onpage7)
2 M4x20mmlockingscrews
thisProductManual

CheckallcomponentsfordamageandreferanyconcernstoyourVESDAdistributor.
Note:
Note:

Removingtherearcoverofthedetectorwillvoidyourwarranty.
Openingorremovingthesealedlaserdetectionchamberwillvoidyourwarranty.

Detectormounting
TheVESDALaserFOCUScanbeinstalledupright,invertedorhorizontally.
Note:

Ensurethesmokedetectorismountedawayfromobstructionsandbelowceiling
level.

LaserFOCUSVLF250ProductGuide

VESDA

Caution:

Anexhaustdeflectormustbefittedforuprightmounting,unlesstheexhaustportis
connectedtoareturnairpipe.

Caution:

Donotinstallthisunitonitsside.Thereisariskofparticulateandcondensation
collectingoncriticalelementsofthedetectorchamberreducingthedetectors
performance.

Ensurethatthereissufficientclearancetomountthedetector,notingthelocationofairsampling
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pipesandcableentrypoints.Owingtotherigidnatureoftheplasticpipe,installationmust
provideforsufficientmovementinallpipework(airinlet,airexhaustandcablepipes)toallow
pipeendstobeeasilyfittedandremoved.

Legend
A

Min.200mm(8in.)belowceilinglevel

Min.500mm(20in.)fromawallorobstructiontoallowaccesstothesecuritytab

Donotinstallthedetectoronitsside

Figure1Mountinglocation

Installingthesmokedetector
Inallinstallationcasesthemountingbracketmustbefitted(upright)asshowninfigure2,
Mountingbracketorientationforuprightandinvertedmounting,onpage3.
Note:

Ensurethemountingsurfaceisflat.Thiswillpermitanairtightsealtobeachieved
betweenthesamplingpipeandthetaperedairportsonthedetector.

Warning:

Priortodrillingtheattachmentholesforthemountingbracket,ensure
thatallmountingsurfaces(i.e.walls,cabinetsides,etc).areclearof
electricalwiringandplumbing.

Wherethepipenetworkandcablingarealreadyfitted,thebracketcanbeusedtoaidalignment
ofthedetectorwiththepipes.TheInstallationprocedurebelowexplainsthisprocess.

LaserFOCUSVLF250ProductGuide

VESDA

Installationprocedure
o

Cuttheairinletpipeandexhaustpipe(ifused)at90,andtothesamelength(fornormaland
invertedmounting).Removeallroughedges.Thisiscriticaltoobtainanairtightsealwiththe
smokedetector.
1.
2.

Positiontheairinletcenterlinemark(A),seeFigure2,ofthemountingbracketagainstthe
endoftheairinletpipe.
Inthecutoutsectionofthemountingbracketmarkalineacrossthetopofthecutoutif
metricsizepipeisusedormarkalineacrossthebottomofthecutoutifImperialsizepipe

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3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

8.

isused.
Slidethemountingbracketdown(upforinvertedmounting)untilthetopofthebracket
alignswiththemarkedline.
Markoffanddrillthe2bracketmountingholes(H).
Screwthebrackettothewall.
Hookthesmokedetectorontothemountingbrackettabsandpullitdownintoplace.
UsethetwoM4x20mmlockingscrewsprovidedandscrewthemintothescrewholeson
theleftandrightsideofthedetector.Seetheitemsmarked(F)intheFigureDetector
removalonpage5.
Theairsamplingpipecannowbeattachedandpowerconnected.
(SeesectionWiringconnectionsonpage19forconnectioninformation).

Forinvertedinstallation,tomarkoffthelocationofthemountingholes,followsteps14withthe
mountingbracketinvertedtothatshowninfigure2,Mountingbracketorientationforuprightand
invertedmounting,onpage3.AlsoseeInvertingtheuserinterfacedisplayonpage4.
A

Legend

Airinletportcenterline

Exhaustairportcenterline

Cutout

Cableentrycenterlines

Mountingtab

MetricOD25mmpipemark

ImperialIPSin.pipemark

Bracketmountingholes

Centerlineofdetector

Antitamperclip

Figure2Mountingbracketorientationforuprightandinvertedmounting

Legend
C
A

Securitytab

Fingerclip

Mountingtab

Antitamperclip

Centerlineofdetector

E
Figure3Mountingbracketrearview
3

LaserFOCUSVLF250ProductGuide

VESDA

Invertingtheuserinterfacedisplay
Caution:

Electrostaticdischargeprecautionsneedtobetakenpriortoremovingthefront
coverfromthedetector.

Forinvertedmountingapplications,theVESDALaserFOCUSwillrequiretheuserinterface
o
displaytobeturnedthrough180.Thisiscarriedoutpriortoinstallingthedetector.Alsosee
Mountingbracketorientationforuprightandinvertedmountingonpage3.

Invertingtheuserinterfacedisplay:
1.

Placethedetectoronitsback,pushinthesecuringtabandliftupthefieldserviceaccess

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2.
3.
4.

door.(SeeFigure23,FieldServiceAccessDoorsecuritytabandclip,onpage25).
Removethe2retainingscrewsandliftoffthemaincover.
Disconnecttherestrainingstrapfromtheclip(C)andtheribboncablefromtheuser
interfacecard(B)andplacethecoveraside.
Opentheclips(E).
o

5.

Liftouttheuserinterfacedisplaycard,carefullyturnitthrough180andthenclipitbackinto
place.
6. Reconnecttheribboncableandtherestrainingstrap.
7. Replacethemaincoverandscrewdownthe2retainingscrews.
8. Closethefieldserviceaccessdoor.
Thedetectorisnowreadyforinvertedinstallation.

B
E

Legend
A

Ribboncableclip

Interfacecard

Ribboncableconnector

Clip

Retainingstrapclip

Airfiltercartridgecavity

Figure4Insideviewofthefrontcover(asitwouldappearinverted)

Detectorremoval
Caution:

Electrostaticdischargeprecautionsneedtobetakenpriortoremovingthefront
coverfromthedetectorotherwisedamagemayoccurtotheunit.

LaserFOCUSVLF250ProductGuide

VESDA
Note:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Takethenecessarystepstoadvisethemonitoringauthorityofworkbeingcarried
outandthatthesystemneedstobedisabled.
Turnoffthepowertothedetector.
Disconnectthesamplingpipes.
Pushinthesecuritytabandliftupthefieldserviceaccessdoor,seeFigure23,Field
ServiceAccessDoorsecuritytabandclip,onpage25.
Unscrewthefrontcoverretainingscrews(E).
Liftoffandswingdownthefrontcover,arestrainingstrapwilltaketheload.Forinverted
mounteddetectorsthecovershouldberemovedandplacedaside.
Disconnectallfieldwiringfromtheterminalblock.
UnscrewthetwoM4x20mmlockingscrewsontheleftandrightsideofthedetector.See
theitemsmarked(F)intheFigureDetectorremovalonpage5
Useascrewdrivertopushdowntheantitamperclipinhole(A),atthesametime,pushthe

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9.

detectorbaseup.
Liftthedetectoroffthemountingbracket.

Oncethedetectorhasbeenremovedrefitthefrontcovertokeeptheinternalcomponentssafe
fromdamageandtheelectricalcablingsafe.
Note:

Forinvertedmounteddetectors,thefrontcoverwillneedtoberemovedpriorto
unhookingthedetectorfromthemountingbracket.Disconnecttheretainingstrap
andtheribboncablefromtheuserinterfacecardandplacethecoveraside.

B
A

C
D

Legend
A

Antitamperclipaccesshole

Aspirator

Dualstageairfiltercartridge

Retainingscrew

Terminalblock

Bracketlockingscrewholes

Figure5Detectorremoval

Airinletpipeconnections
ThetaperedshapeoftheairinletportisdesignedtoacceptstandardpipesofOD25mm
(ID21mm)orIPSin(OD1.05in)andprovideanairtightseal.

LaserFOCUSVLF250ProductGuide
Note:

VESDA

Donotgluetheairinletpipetothedetector.Thiswillvoidyourwarranty.

Exhaustairpipeconnections
WheretheVESDALaserFOCUSislocatedoutsidetheprotectedarea,considerationmustbe
giventoreturningtheexhaustairtotheprotectedenvironmenttobalancepressuredifferences
thatmayexistbetweenthetwoareas.Inthemajorityofapplications,thisisnotnecessaryas
pressuredifferencesareminimal.
Wherepressuredifferencesexceed50Pa,insituationswherethedetectorislocatedoutsidethe
protectedarea,thepreengineeredsolutionsinthismanualmaynotbesuitableanditis
recommendedthatalternatedesignsareverifiedbyasuitablyqualifiedinstallerusingASPIRE2.
Returnairpipesneedtobeasshortaspossibletominimizetheeffectofairflowresistanceinthe
returnairpipenetwork.Removethefittedexhaustdeflectorandinstallareturnairpipewhere
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required.
TheairexhaustportistaperedtoacceptstandardpipesofOD25mm(ID21mm)or
IPSin.andprovideanairtightseal.
Note:

Donotgluetheexhaustairpipetothedetector.Thiswillvoidyourwarranty.

Wiringconnections
Caution:

Electrostaticdischargeprecautionsneedtobetakenpriortoremovingthefront
coverfromthedetectorotherwisedamagemayoccurtotheunit.

Detectorcablingrequirements
ThescrewtypeterminalslocatedontheterminationcardwithintheVESDALaserFOCUSwill
2

acceptwiresizesfrom0.2mm to2.5mm (3012AWG).RefertotheVESDASystemDesign


Manualforcablingdetails.

LaserFOCUSVLF250ProductGuide

VESDA

Toreachtheterminalblock,openthefieldserviceaccessdoor,seeControlsandindicatorson
page25,andthenunscrewthefrontcoverretainingscrews.Liftoffandswingdownthefront
cover.Theterminalblockislocatedontherighthandsideofthedetector.

Legend
A

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20

Figure6Terminalblock

GPIGeneralPurposeInput(Terminals1&2)
TheGeneralPurposeInput(GPI)isaprogrammableinput.WhentheGPIfunctionparameteris
settoexternal,thedetectorshallindicateanexternalequipmentfaultconditionbymonitoringthe
lineimpedance.AnEndofLine(EOL)resistorissuppliedwiththeproductandmustbe
assembledinparallelwiththedevicetobemonitored.
TheEOLresistorprovidesaknownterminationtotheexternalequipment,thisallowstheVLFto
detectopenorshortcircuits.ThedetectormonitorstheEOLresistor,seeFigure8,andreports
anyfaultswhentheGPIfunctionissettoanyvalue,exceptNone.
Caution:

TheseterminalblockscomeassembledandshouldNOTbedisassembled.
Legend
1

GPIpin1

GPIpin2

Figure7Terminalandplugsetup,GPIconnections

LaserFOCUSVLF250ProductGuide

VESDA

TheGPIfunctionparametercanbesettothevaluesshowninthetablebelowtoachieveseveral
differentfunctions:
GPIfunction
parametervalue

Result

None

GPIisdisabled.IfGPIwillnotbeusedwerecommendthatyou
leavetheEOLresistorassembled.

Reset

DetectorisresetonactivationoftheGPI(closingcontact).
Note:ThefactorydefaultvalueoftheGPIfunctionisReset.

Disable

DetectorisdisabledwhileGPIisactive(contactclosed)andreset
ondeactivationoftheinput(contactopen).

Standby

Detectorisplacedinstandby(disabled,plusaspiratorturnedoff)
whileGPIisactive(contactclosed)andresetondeactivationofthe
input(contactopen).

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Alarmset1

ActivationofGPIforcesalarmthresholdset1tobeused.It
overridesnormalselection.

Alarmset2

ActivationofGPIforcesalarmthresholdset2tobeused.It
overridesnormalselection.

External

DetectorindicatesafaultwhiletheGPIisactive(contactclosed).
Typicallythisisusedtomonitorexternalpowersupplyunits.
Note:IfthecontactiscloseditwillraiseanInstantFaultFinder
No.6fault.Ifwireisbrokentothemonitoringdeviceitwillraisean
InstantFaultFinderNo.8fault.
Table1GPIprogramming

TheGPinputdetectsashortcircuit(e.g.thePSUfaultrelay)atorbelow100Ohms.
Legend
C
A

EndofLineResistor(2.7k)

Externaldevice(1toN)

GPIPin1

GPIPin2

Figure8TriggeringofGPI

LaserFOCUSVLF250ProductGuide

VESDA

Extraterminals(Terminals3,4,5,6&7)
Terminalsreservedforfutureuse.

Legend
3DisplayTx
4DisplayRx
5

DisplayCommGnd

DisplayPower

DisplayPower+

Figure9Terminalblockdisplay,sparepowerterminals

Powersupply(Terminals8,9,10&11)
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Operatingvoltage:

24VDCnominal(1830VDC)

Powerconsumption:

5.2 Wnominal,7.0Winalarm

Currentconsumption:

220 mAnominal,295mAinalarm

Itisrecommendedthatthepowersupplybecompliantwithlocalcodesandstandardsrequired
bytheregionalauthority.Forcodespecificinformationseepageii.
Caution:

Checktheproductterminationwiringlabelduringinstallationandsubsequent
maintenancevisits.

Legend
8

PowerReturn0VDC

Powerin24VDC

10

PowerReturn0VDC

11

PowerOut24VDC

Frompowersupplyunit

Tonextdetector(ifmore
than1detectorperPower
SupplyUnit)

Figure10Terminalblockdisplay,powersupply

LaserFOCUSVLF250ProductGuide

VESDA

Relays(Terminals1220)
Therelaysallowalarmandfaultsignalstobehardwiredtoexternaldevices,suchasfirealarm
controlpanelsandloopinterfacemodulesawayfromthedetector(example,soundingasirenat
Actionthreshold).Refertotheappropriateinstallationmanualforconnectivityinstructions.

Legend
12

NC

13

Common

14

NO

15

NC

16

Common

17

NO

18

NC

19

Common

NC

Normallyclosed
contactofrelay
(withnopower
applied).

NO

Normallyopen
contactofrelay
(withnopower
applied).

Common

Commoncontact
fortherelay.

Faultrelay

Actionrelay

Fire1relay

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NO

Figure11Terminalblockdisplay,relays
NC

Normallyclosedcontactofrelay(withnopowerapplied).

NO

Normallyopencontactofrelay(withnopowerapplied).

Common

Commoncontactfortherelay.

Note:

Bydefault,theFaultrelayisnormallyenergizedwhennofaultispresent.For
examplewhenthereisnofaultpresent,terminal12isheldopenandterminal14is
heldclosed.Whenthereisafaultpresent,terminal12isheldclosedandterminal
14isheldopen.

10

LaserFOCUSVLF250ProductGuide

VESDA

TypicalWiringToFirePanel(FACP)
ThediagrambelowshowsthecorrectwaytowireVESDAlaserdetectorstoaconventionalfire
panel(FACP).ItalsoshowswhereanEndOfLine(EOL)resistoriscorrectlyinstalled.
Tonextdetector
orEOLresistor
Detector

FirePanel(FACP)

NormallyClosed(NC)
Common(C)
NormallyOpen(NO)

Input
Short=Fire

NormallyClosed(NC)
Common(C)
NormallyOpen(NO)
NormallyClosed(NC)
Common(C)
NormallyOpen(NO)
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Open=Fault

EOL

(NC)
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GPI
(Settoreset)

Reset(C)
(NO)

Figure12TypicalwiringtoafirepanelwithEOL

WiringToanAddressLoopModule.
ThiswiringexampleisforwiringVESDAdetectorstoatypicalAddressLoopmodule3output1
input.Theseareexampledrawings.Refertotheappropriateproductmanualfortheexactwiring
detailsofthethirdpartyequipment.
Detector

3output1inputLoopModule

NormallyClosed(NC)
FIRE1Common(C)
NormallyOpen(NO)

EOL

NormallyClosed(NC)
ACTIONCommon(C)
NormallyOpen(NO)

EOL

FireInput
Short=Fire
Open=Fault
PreAlarm
Short=Fire
Open=Fault

EOL

FaultInput
Short=DetectorFault
Open=WiringFault

NormallyClosed(NC)
FAULTCommon(C)
NormallyOpen(NO)
EOL

(NC)
Reset(C)
(NO)

GPI
(Settoreset)

ToFACP

ToNextDetector
Figure13AddressableLoopModulewithEOL

11

LaserFOCUSVLF250ProductGuide

VESDA

Interfacecard
TheVESDALaserFOCUSallowsfortheinstallationofavarietyofinterfacecards.Refertothe
specificinterfacecardinstallationsheet,productguide,oryourlocalVESDAsupportpersonfor
furtherinformationregardinginstallationandconfigurationofthiscard.

RS232Compatibleserialport
TheRS232serialportrequiresastandard9pinDB9PCCOMserialextensioncable(maleto
female)forconfiguringthedetectorusingaPCwithVESDASystemConfigurator(VSC)
installed,forstatusmonitoringandcommandinput,andforeventlogextractionandsoftware
upgrades.Forcodespecificinformationseepageii.

Legend
A

9 PinDB9PCCOMSerial
extensioncable(male)

Cutaway,exposingthe
RS232SerialPort
(female)

B
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Figure149PinconnectorandRS232serialport

12

VESDA

LaserFOCUSVLF250ProductGuide

InstallationChecklist
SiteName
Address
DetectorSerialNumber(s)
NameofInstaller
Signature
Date
Performthefollowingcheckslistedbelowtoensurethatallthenecessaryitemsarecompleted
beforehandingovertoacommissioningengineer.
INSTALLATIONCHECKS

Yes

No

1. Werethedetectorandthemountingbracketintactinthebox?
2. Isthedetectorsecurelylockedontoitsmountingbracket?Note
thatthetwomountingbracketsecuringscrewsareprovidedina
separatebagwiththedetector.
3. Isthesamplingairpipefirmlyconnectedtotheairinletport?
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EnsurethepipeisNOTglued.
4. Havethepowerwiresbeenconnectedtothecorrectterminalson
thedetector?
5. Ifrequired,hastheendoflineresistorbeenconnected?
6. Havethealarmsignallingwiresbeenterminatedtothecorrect
terminalsofthedetector?
7. HavetheVESDAnetwiresbeenconnectedtothecorrect
terminalsontheVESDAnetInterfacecard(ifapplicable)?
8. Hastheplugattheexhaustportbeenremovedandtheexhaust
pipe(iffitted)notglued?
9. Hasthefrontcoverbeenreplacedcorrectly?
10.HasAutoLearnFlowandAutoLearnSmokebeenperformed?
PleasestatetheAutoLearnSmokeperiod____________
11.Istheairsamplingpipeworkinstalledandcheckedasperthesite
plans?
Table2InstallationChecklist

1.4 SamplingPipeNetworkDesign
TheVESDALaserFOCUSsupportsanumberofpreengineeredpipenetworkdesignstosimplify
installation.Thepreengineeredpipenetworkshavebeendesignedwithpressure,flowand
transporttimeconsiderations.Theyhavebeenverifiedandareshownbelow.Forsetupdetails
refertotheVESDASystemDesignManual.
Thepreengineereddesignsassumethefollowingconstraints:

13

LaserFOCUSVLF250ProductGuide
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

VESDA

Theremustbenomixingofopenholeandcapillarytubesinapipenetworkdesign.All
samplingpointsmustbeofthesametype.
Allsamplingpointsmustbeevenlyspacedinapipenetworkdesign.
Brancheddesignsmustusethesamenumberofsamplingpointsalongeachbranch.
Openholedesignsmustusethesamesizeholethroughoutthedesign.
Capillarytubedesignsmustusethesamesizeandlengthofcapillarytubethroughoutthe
design.
Thedistancefromthedetectortothefirstsamplingpointmustbe1to2timesthedistance
betweensamplingpoints.Forexample,ifthesamplingpointsare4metersapart,thenthe
distancefromthedetectortothefirstsamplingpointmustbebetween4and8meters.

Giventheconstraintsdetailedabove,thepreengineeredpipenetworkdesignswillprovide:
Parameter
Transporttimes

Value
lessthan60secondsforopenholes
lessthan90secondsforcapillarytubes

Suctionpressure

greaterthanorequalto25Paacrossholesandcapillarytubes

Detectorpressure

greaterthan70Pa

Flowrate

1224L/min

Foralternateorcomplexpipenetworkdesignsincludingendcapswithsamplingholesusethe
ASPIRE2pipemodelingsoftwaretoverifypipeperformance.Forcodespecificinformationsee
pageii.
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Singlepipenetwork
Thetablebelowshowstheappropriateholesizesforpreengineereddesignsforasinglepipe
setup.
SinglePipeNetworkmax.length25m(80ft.)
Sampling
holes

ID21mmPipe
OpenHole

IPSin.Pipe
5.2mmCapillary*

OpenHole

with5mmhole

/8 in.Capillary*

with 1/8 in.hole

HoleSize(mm)

Length(m)

HoleSize(in.)

Length(ft.)

3.55.0

00.8

N/A

3.04.5

0.21.1

3.04.0

0.31.5

012

3.03.5

0.51.8

012

712

UseASPIRE2tocalculateholesizesinthisrange*

/32 /3 16

012

/8 / 32
/8 /5 32
/8

Table3Singlepipeholenumbersandsizes
*Forcodespecificinformationseepageii.

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LaserFOCUSVLF250ProductGuide

VESDA

Thesetupbelowshowsasinglepipearrangementwith4samplingholesandafittedendcap
withoutasamplinghole.
C

B
A

Legend
A

Smokedetector

Samplinghole

Endcap(nohole)

Figure15Openhole,singlepipe
Thesetupbelowshowsasinglepipearrangementwith6capillarydroppipesandafittedend
capwithoutasamplinghole.
C

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B
A

Legend
A

Smokedetector

Capillarytube

Endcap(nohole)

Figure16Capillarytubes,singlepipe

15

LaserFOCUSVLF250ProductGuide

VESDA

Branchedpipenetwork
Thetablebelowshowstheappropriateholesizesforpreengineereddesignsforabranched
pipesetup.
BranchedPipeNetwork

max.length15m(50ft.)

(2branches)

max.distancefromdetectortobranch5m(15ft.)

Sampling
Holesper
Branch
pipe

ID21mmPipe
OpenHole

IPSin.Pipe
5.2mmCapillary*
with5mmhole

OpenHole

/8 in.Capillary*
1

with /8 in.hole
HoleSize(mm)

Length(m)

HoleSize(in.)

Length(ft.)

3.0 4.5

0.1 1.1

/8 / 32

012

3.0 3.5

0.5 1.8

/8

2.5*3.0

0.7 2.4

/8

56

UseASPIRE2tocalculateholesizesinthisrange*

012
012

Table4Branchedpipeholenumbersandsizes
*Forcodespecificinformationseepageii.
Thesetupbelowshowsabranchedpipearrangementwith5samplingholesperbranchand
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fittedendcapswithoutsamplingholes.
C

C
A

Legend
A

Smokedetector

Samplinghole

Endcap(nohole)

Figure17Openhole,branchedpipe

16

LaserFOCUSVLF250ProductGuide

VESDA

Thesetupbelowshowsabranchedpipearrangementwith3capillarydroppipesperbranchand
fittedendcapswithoutsamplingholes.
C

C
A
B

Legend
A

Smokedetector

Capillarytube

Endcap(nohole)

Figure18Capillarypipes,branchedpipe

Returnairsampling(returngrilles)
TheVESDALaserFOCUSissuitableforairsamplingacrossreturnairgrillesofAirHandling
2
Units.TherecommendedcoverageoftheVESDALaserFOCUSis0.4m(4sq.ft.)persampling
hole.Thisshouldbeconsideredinconjunctionwithlocalcodesandstandard.
o

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Note:

Rotatetheairsamplingholeapproximately45awayfromthedirectionofthe
incomingairflowandtowardsthegrillesurface.Thiswillminimizetheriskofa
LowFlowFaultbeingrecordedinsituationswhereairflowchanges
(e.g.wheretheAirHandlingUnitisturnedoff).

Somepointstoconsiderforsettingupapipenetworkare:

samplingholesshouldbeevenlyspaced(within20%oftheseparationdistancetoeach
other)
anunventedendcapshouldbefittedtotheendofthesamplingpipe
duringinstallation,considerationshouldbegiventothefuturemaintenancerequirementsof
theairhandlingunit.Accesstofiltersshouldnotberestrictedandpipenetworkshouldbe
easilyremovablebytheuseofsocketunions

Forfulldetailsconcerningreturnairgrillesamplingpipenetworkdesign,consulttheVESDA
SystemDesignManual.

17

LaserFOCUSVLF250ProductGuide

VESDA

Thetablebelowshowstheappropriateholesizesforpreengineereddesignsforreturnairgrille
setups.
ReturnAirSamplingUShapeddesignwithequalholesoneachside
Sampling
Holes

ID21mmPipe

IPSin.Pipe

HoleSize(mm)

HoleSize(in.)

3.04.0

/8 / 32

3.03.5

/8

83

.0

/32

10

2.5*

/32

Table5Returnairsamplingpipeholenumbersandsizes
*Forcodespecificinformationseepageii.

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D
B

Legend
A

Samplingpipe

Returngrille

Samplinghole

Endcap(nohole)

Figure19Returnairsamplingoveranairhandlingunitgrille

Installationconsiderations
TheVESDALaserFOCUSVLF250smokedetectorprovidesveryearlywarningsmoke
detectionspecificallyforsmallenvironments.
Thepreengineeredpipenetworkdesignscansupportupto6samplingholesforsinglepipes
and8samplingholesforbranchedpipearrangements.Thenumberofsamplingholesusedcan
beincreasedto12,however,ASPIRE2willneedtoverifythattheadditionalsamplingholescan
besupported.Samplingholesarepositionedaccordingtothestandardsrelatingtoconventional
pointdetectorplacement.

18

VESDA

LaserFOCUSVLF250ProductGuide

ThepreengineeredpipenetworksolutionsdescribedinsectionsSinglepipenetworkonpage10
andBranchedpipenetworkonpage11achievedtransporttimesoflessthan60secondsfor
openholesamplingandlessthan90secondsforcapillarysampling.
WheretheVESDALaserFOCUSislocatedoutsidetheprotectedarea(e.g.inacorridoroutside
theroom),considerationmustbegiventoreturningthedetectorexhaustairtotheprotected
environmenttobalancethepressuredifferencesthatmayexist.Inthemajorityofapplications,
thisisnotnecessaryaspressuredifferencesareminimal.
Wherepracticalconsiderationsfalloutsidepreengineereddesignsorwherepressure
differencesexceed50Pa,insituationswherethedetectorislocatedoutsidetheprotectedarea,
thesolutionspresentedinthismanualmaynotbesuitableanditisrecommendedthatalternate
designsareverifiedbyasuitablyqualifiedinstallerusingASPIRE2.
Thefollowingpointsshouldbeconsideredwheninstallingthesamplingpipe:

minimizeflexinginsamplingpipesbysupportingthepipeevery1.5m(5ft)orless,orata
distancedescribedinlocalcodesandstandards.

evenlyarrangethesamplingpipenetworkoverreturnairgrilles

samplingpipesfitfirmlyintothetapereddetectorports,DONOTgluethisconnection

allowsufficientmovementatthedetectortopermitpiperemovalformaintenance

keeptheexhaustdeflectorfittedtopreventforeignobjectsfallingintothedetector

keepthereturnairpipeasshortaspossibletominimizeairflowresistanceinthepipe

pipeendsmustbemadesmoothforbonding

samplingholesmustbedrilledinlineandperpendiculartothepipe.

sampleholesmustbeclearofroughedgesanddebris

pipesarefreeofdebris

alljointsmustbebondedexceptthoseenteringthedetector
Note:
Inprotectedareassamplingholesshouldfaceintothedirectionofairfloworpoint
downwardsinstaticairflowsituations.
Note:
Youshouldtrytokeepthesamplingholesevenlyspaced.
Note:
Forcodespecificinformationseepageii.

Airsamplinginaduct
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ForairsamplinginaductpleaserefertotheVESDASystemDesignManualforductprobe
design.Forcodespecificinformationseepageii.

1.5 Commissioning
General
TheVESDALaserFOCUShasbeendesignedtosimplifycommissioningprocesses.The
AutoLearnfunctionallowstheunittoassessitsenvironmentandsetupappropriatealarmand
flowthresholds.TheunitmayalsobeprogrammedthroughVESDASystemConfigurator(VSC)
software,forallprogrammablesettings.ForfurtherinformationseeFactoryDefaultsonpage31.
Note:

Detectorsshouldbecommissionedwithasmoketest.

Priortocommissioningthedetector,check:
1.
2.
3.

Thatthepowerisconnectedandon.
Thatthepipenetworkiscleanandcorrectlyfittedwithalljointscorrectlyseatedandsealed
(exceptthepipewhichentersthedetectorwhichmustnotbeglued).
Thattheexhaustdeflectorisfitted.

Forcodespecificinformationseepageii.

19

LaserFOCUSVLF250ProductGuide

VESDA
A
B
C
D

Legend
A

AutoLearnSmokebutton.

AutoLearnSmokeindicator

AutoLearnFlowindicator

AutoLearnFlowButton

Figure20Interfacedisplay
Note:
Note:

Itisimportantthattheprotectedareaisworkingundernormaloperatingconditions
whenoperatingtheAutoLearnprocesses.
AutoLearnfunctionscanbedeactivatedbyasecondpressoftheappropriate
buttonthiswillleavethethresholdsattheirdefaultsettingsandnotatthesettings
priortoAutoLearn.

AutoLearnSmoke
AutoLearnSmokeisinitiatedbypressingtherecessedbuttonnumbered1,whichislocated
underthefieldserviceaccessdoor.
DuringtheAutoLearnSmokeprocess,theVESDALaserFOCUSdeterminestheaveragesmoke
andpeaksmokeobscurationlevelsandsetssuitablealarmthresholdsfortheoperating
environment.Thisprocesswillminimizefalsealarmsduetonormalenvironmentsmokevariations.
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TheAutoLearnSmokeLEDwillremainonforthedurationoftheAutoLearnprocess.Atthestart
oftheprocessthealarmthresholdsaresettothedefaultvalues.Duringthislearningcycle,alarm
conditionscanbereported.Ifanalarmconditionoccurs(Alertorhigheralarm)AutoLearnwillnot
completeitscycle.InthissituationrestarttheAutoLearnprocess.IfAutoLearnisstoppedbyyou
orduetoanalarmcondition,thealarmthresholdswillbeleftatthedefaultsettings.
Conditionsduringlearningareassumedtoberepresentativeofnormaloperating
conditions.
TheAutoLearnSmokelearningtimesrangefromabove15minutesto15days,withthedefault
beingsetto14days.

20

LaserFOCUSVLF250ProductGuide

VESDA

IfAutoLearnisrunningduringthechangeoverperiodfromDayandNightThresholdsfunction,
makesurethatAutoLearnrunsforatleastanhourinboththeDayandNight.
AlarmLevel

AutoLearnSmokeRange

Alert

0.025 0.4%obs/m(0.0080.125%obs/ft)*

Action

0.0440.7%obs/m(0.0140.219%obs/ft)*

Fire1

0.063 1.0%obs/m(0.0200.313%obs/ft)*

Fire2

0.313 5.0%obs/m(0.1000.563%obs/ft)*
Table6AutoLearnSmokerange

*Forcodespecificinformationseepageii.

AutoLearnFlow
AutoLearnFlowprocessisinitiatedbypressingtherecessedbuttonnumbered2,whichis
locatedunderthefieldserviceaccessdoor.DuringtheAutoLearnFlowprocess,theVESDA
LaserFOCUSdeterminestheaverageandpeakairflowlevelsmonitoredovertimeandsets
suitablealarmthresholdsthatwillnotgiverisetofalseflowratesduetonormalflowvariations
(suchasmightarisethroughairconditioningrelatedfalsealarms).Thesystemwillnormalizethe
flowandthenmonitortheflowtrendtosettheflowfailthresholds.
TheAutoLearnFlowindicatorLEDwillremainonforthedurationoftheAutoLearnprocess.At
thestartoftheprocesstheflowthresholdsaresettothedefaultvalues.Duringthislearning
cycle,alarmconditionscanbereported.Ifaflowfaultisreached,AutoLearnwillnotcompleteits
cycle.InthissituationrestarttheAutoLearnprocess.IfAutoLearnisstoppedbyyouorduetoa
flowfaultcondition,theflowthresholdswillbeleftatthedefaultsettings.
Conditionsduringlearningareassumedtoberepresentativeofnormaloperating
conditions.
TheAutoLearnFlowlearningtimesrangefrom15minutesto15days,withthedefaultbeingset
to14days.

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VESDASystemConfigurator(VSC)

TheVESDASystemConfiguratorisanoptionaltoolthatallowsallVESDAdetectorstobe
configured.Allparameterscanbesetmanuallyorpreviouslysavedconfigurationsettingsmay
beapplied.RefertotheVSCdocumentationfordetailsregardingthesettingofthesethresholds.

Commissioningsmoketest
Itisrecommendedthatasmoketestbecarriedouttoprovetheintegrityofthepipenetwork,to
demonstratethatthesystemisworkingandtomeasurethetransporttimetothedetector.
Thistestinvolvesintroducingasmokesampleatthefurthestsamplingholeandthenmeasuring
thetimetakenforthesmoketotraveltothedetector.Resultsareloggedandcomparedto
subsequentteststonotevariationsofthesystem.
SeetheVESDASystemDesignManualfordetailsofthecommissioningsmoketest.

21

LaserFOCUSVLF250ProductGuide

VESDA

1.6 DetectorOverview
Features

LaserBasedAbsoluteSmokeDetection
WideSensitivityRange
ProgrammableAlarmThresholds
DualStageAirFiltration
InstantRecognitionDisplay
InstantFaultFinder TM

AutoLearn TM Smoke

AutoLearn TM Flow
UltrasonicFlowSensing
Referencing(requiresaVESDAnetInterfaceCard)
FieldServiceAccessDoor
SeparateEventLogging
PipeModelingSupportSoftwareASPIRE2 TM
VESDASystemConfigurator(VSC)forfieldsupport

Description
TheInstantRecognitionDisplayoftheVESDALaserFOCUSsmokedetectorshowsalarmlevels
anddetectorstatusinformation.TheSmokeDial,(see(F)infigure21,LaserFOCUSdetector
frontview,onpage23,apartoftheInstantRecognitionDisplay,providesclearinformationofa
smokeevent,relativetotheFire1AlarmThreshold.Thisdisplayalsoidentifiessystemand
operationalfaults,whenusingtheInstantFaultFinderfunction.EachsegmentoftheSmokeDial
alsocorrespondstoaspecificfaultcondition.
AFieldServiceAccessDoorisprovidedtoalloweasyaccesstoAutoLearnfunctionsfordetector
commissioning.ItprovidesaccessforfilterreplacementandconnectingaPCforcomprehensive
configurationanddiagnosticsprocesses.
ThedetectorusesUltrasonicFlowSensingtomonitortheintegrityofthesamplingpipenetwork
bydetectingpipeairflowchange.Ultrasonicflowsensingisnotaffectedbytemperature,
humidityorpressure.
DetectorhistoryisprovidedbythenonvolatileEventLoggingfeature.Smoketrenddata,flow
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trenddata,faultevents,configurationeventsandoperationaleventsarerecorded.UsingVSC
theseeventtypescanbefilteredindividually.

Applications
TheVESDALaserFOCUScanbeusedforopenareas,returnairgrilles,orforcabinetprotection
inmanysmallareasincluding:

telecommunicationfacilities
computerrooms
controlrooms
storagefacilities
electricalandswitchingcabinets

Forcodespecificinformationseepageii.

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VESDA

1.7 ProductInterface
TheVESDALaserFOCUSprovidesthefollowinginformationandcontroloptionswithoutthe
needforadditionalconfigurationtools.

Detectorstatus:Normal,Alarm,DisabledandFault.
Alarmlevels:Alert,Action,Fire1andFire2.
SmokelevelsrelativetoFire1.
Detectorfaulttypes(InstantFaultFinder).
Test,ResetandDisable.
AutoLearnSmoke(settingalarmthresholds).
AutoLearnFlow(settingbaselinefornormalairflowandflowthresholds).

Frontview
Frontviewofthedetectorasinstalledandoperating.Thisviewshowscableandairsampling
pipeentrypoints,theInstantRecognitiondisplayandthefittedexhaustdeflector.

E
F
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Legend
A

Airinletport

Rearcableentry(notshown)

Exhaustdeflector

InstantRecognitionDisplay

Cableentryports(x2)

SmokeDial(includesInstantFaultFinder)

Figure21LaserFOCUSdetectorfrontview

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InstantRecognitionDisplay
TheInstantRecognitiondisplayprovidesyouwithanimmediateunderstandingofsmokelevels
relativetoFire1alarmthreshold.
A
B
C
D
G

E
F

Legend
Option

Definition

LEDColor

FIRE2

IndicatestheFire2thresholdhasbeenreached.

Red

FIRE1

IndicatestheFire1thresholdhasbeenreached.

Red

ACTION

IndicatestheActionconditionhasbeenreached.

Red

ALERT

IndicatestheAlertconditionhasbeenreached.

Red

DISABLED

Indicatestheunithasbeendisabled(solid)orisinstandbymode(flashing).

Yellow

POWER

Illuminateswhenthedetectorispowered.

Green

FAULT

FaultlightcontinuouslyonindicatesanUrgentFault(UF).Whenflashing
indicatesanonurgentfault(NUF).

Yellow

Figure22InstantRecognitionDisplay
Note:

TherearetwosetsofInstantRecognitiondisplayiconsbothareshownthroughout
thismanual.TheinternationaliconsetcanbeidentifiedbythelackofEnglishtext
besidetheicons.

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Controlsandindicators
Controlbuttonsareaccessedbyopeningthefieldserviceaccessdoor.Thisdoorisopenedby
pressinginthesecuritytab,ontherightsideofthedetector,withaflatscrewdriverandthen
liftingthedoorbythefingerclipsoneachsideofthedoor(seeFigure3,FieldServiceAccess
Doorsecuritytabandclip,onpage4).
A

Legend
C

Securitytab

Fingerclip

Fieldserviceaccessdoor

B
Figure23FieldServiceAccessDoorsecuritytabandclip

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Interfaceinformationandcontrolbuttons
Interfaceinformationandcontrolbuttonsarelocatedbehindthefieldserviceaccessdoor.

F
D

G
H

Legend
A

InstantFaultFinderfaultdescriptions.

Dualstageairfiltercartridge.

Alarmleveldefinitions.

ControlbuttonsReset,Disable,(InstantFaultFinder)&Test.

RS232DB9Fserialport.

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F
G

ControlbuttonsAutoLearnSmoke,AutoLearnFlow.
Controlbuttondefinitions.

Securitytab.

Figure24LaserFOCUSdetectorwithfieldserviceaccessdooropen

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Detectorcontrolbuttons
Icon

Button

Use

Description

Reset

Resetsthe
systemand
resumesnormal
operation.

Pressandholddownthisbuttontotest
thefunctionofLEDsontheunit.
ToenableorlockoutthisbuttonVESDA
SystemConfigurator(VSC)softwareis
required.
Releasethisbuttontoclearlatchedfaults
andalarms.Alarmandfaultlightswill
switchoff,andifthesystemisstillin
alarmorfaultmode,thelightswill
reappearaftertheappropriatedelay.

Disable

Disablesthefire
relayoutputs
fromactuating
andreportsa
fault.
PressingDisable
for6secondswill
putthedetector
intoStandby
mode.

InstantFault
Finder

Indicatescurrent
activefaultson
thedetector.

Thisbuttonallowstheoperatortotoggle
betweendisableandnormalmodes.
Whendisabledsmokeandairflowarenot
reportedtothesystem(e.g.FACP).
ToenableorlockoutthisbuttonVESDA
SystemConfigurator(VSC)softwareis
required.
ThefancontinestorunwhenVLFis
disabledbutstopswhenitisinstandby
mode.
PressingandholdingintheResetbutton
andtheDisablebuttontogetherwillshow
thefaulttype,bynumber,ontheSmoke
Dial.
SeeVLFTroubleshootingwithInstant
FaultFinderonpage30.forthefault
definitions.

Fire1Test

Simulatesa
Fire1condition
andthealarm

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Bydefaultthisbuttonislockedout.To
activatethisbuttonVESDASystem
Configurator(VSC)softwareisrequired.
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relayisactivated
afterthe
appropriatedelay
Note:Thiswill
initiateaFire1
Alarm.

Note:Notifythemonitoringauthority
beforetestingcommences.
Toactivate,pressandreleasetheFire1
Testbutton.Allthesegmentsofthe
SmokeDial,andalarmconditionsupto
Fire1areactivated(aftertheconfigured
delayperiod).PresstheResetbuttonto
stopthetestandclearanylatched
alarms.
Note:Remembertoreturnthesystemto
normalmodeafterthetestiscomplete.

27

LaserFOCUSVLF250ProductGuide
AutoLearn
Smoke

VESDA
Automatically
setsalarm
thresholdvalues
basedonthe
normaloperating
environment.
SeeAutoLearn
Smokeon
page20.

AutoLearn
Flow

Thedetector
automatically
measuresairflow
tothepipesand
setstheairflow
thresholdvalues.
SeeAutoLearn
Flowon
page21.

PressingtherecessedAutoLearnSmoke
buttoninitiatestheautomaticsmoke
alarmsetupmode.TheLED,besidethe
button,willremainonforthedurationof
theAutoLearnprocess(upto14days
whichisalsothedefaultperiod).During
thisperiodtheunitisonline,alarmsare
communicatedanddefaultthresholdsare
active.Todeactivatethisfunction,press
theAutoLearnSmokebuttonagain.
PressingtherecessedAutoLearnFlow
buttonsetstheairflowfaultthresholdsas
wellasnormalizingthedetectorsairflow.
TheLED,besidethebutton,willremain
onforthedurationoftheAutoLearn
process(upto14dayswhichisalsothe
defaultperiod).Todeactivatethis
function,presstheAutoLearnFlowbutton
again.

Table7DetectorButtons

Smokelevel&InstantFaultFinderdisplays
UndernormaloperatingconditionsthecircularSmokeDialdisplayssmokelevelsinsampledair.
ThroughInstantFaultFinder,theSmokeDialtemporarilychangesthesegmentsintofault
indicators,witheachsegmentcorrespondingtoaspecificfaultcondition.

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Smokeleveldisplay
ThesmokelevelisdisplayedontheSmokeDial(A)andprovidesincidentinformationessential
foreffectiveresponseinveryearlywarningsituations.Thisdisplayprovidesyouwithaninstant
understandingofthesmokeeventrelativetotheFire1AlarmThreshold.Between1and10
segmentsmayilluminate.Eachsegmentisequivalentto/1 10 ofaFire1warning.

C
A
D

Legend
A

SmokeDialandFaultTypeindicator.

Disablebutton.

Resetbutton.

Faultlight.

Figure25Smokelevelandfaultconditiondisplay

InstantFaultFinder
Whenafaultisregisteredonthedetector,thefaultlight(D)remainsonforUrgentFault(UF)
situationsandflashesforNonUrgentFaults(NUF).
TheInstantFaultFinderfunctionisoperatedbypressingtheResetandDisablebuttonstogether.
InstantFaultFinderprovidesrapidfaultdiagnosisandisanadditionalfunctionoftheSmokeDial
display.OneormoresegmentsoftheSmokeDialwillilluminate,indicatingthefaultbynumber.
Thetablebelowprovidesfaultdetailsandrecommendedactions.

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VLFTroubleshootingwithInstantFaultFinder
TheInstantFaultFinderfunctionaidsrapiddiagnosisoffaults.
Fault

Type

Explanation

Action

Filter

Airfilterneedsreplacement
duetodustorsmoke
contaminationorhasreached
theendofitslife.

Replacetheairfilterwithanew
unitrememberingtoresetthefilter
fault.

Aspirator

Aspiratorfaulthasoccurred.

Initiallyreplacetheaspirator.Ifthe
faultremainsreplacetheVESDA
unit.

Highflow

Highflowfaultpresent(urgent
ornonurgent).Flowreadings
areaboveusersetflowlimits
orthedetectormaximumflow

Checkthepipenetworkfor
breakages.Alsocheckthe
suitabilityofthepipenetworkin
ASPIRE2.

Lowflow

Lowflowfaultpresent(urgent
ornonurgent).Flowreadings
arebelowusersetflowlimits
orthedetectormaximumflow

Checkthepipenetworkfor
breakages.Alsocheckthe
suitabilityofthepipenetworkin
ASPIRE2.

Notinuse

External
Device/Power
SupplyUnit

Externalequipmentsignalinga
faultviatheGeneralPurpose
Input.

Inspecttheexternaldeviceand
alsocheckthattheGPIissetto
thecorrectmode.
AlsocheckthattheEOLresistoris
correctlyconnected.

Interfacecard
(availableata
laterdate)

Fieldwiring

InterfaceCardneeds
replacement.

ReplacetheInterfaceCard.

GeneralPurposeInputor
InterfaceCardwiring.

Ifnointerfacecardisinstalled
checktheGPIwiringforanopen
circuit.
Ifaninterfacecardisinstalledrefer
tothecardmanual.
RefertoGPIsectionofthe
LaserFOCUSManual

AutoLearnfail

AutoLearnSmokeorFlow
failed.

RepeatAutoLearnSmokeorFlow
process.Inspectlogsifrepeated
failuresoccur.

10

Detector

Afaulthasoccurredthat

Contactthesupplierandreplace

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failure

cannotbefixed.

thedetector.

Table8Instantfaultfinderdiagnosis

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1.8 FactoryDefaults
Parameter

Allowedvalues

Defaultvalues

AlertSmokeThreshold1&2

0.025%2.0%obs/m*

0.08 %obs/m

(0.008%0.625%obs/ft.)

(0.025%obs/ft.)

0.025%2.0%obs/m*

0.14 %obs/m

(0.008%0.625%obs/ft.)

(0.0448%obs/ft.)

0.025%20%obs/m*

0.2%obs/m

(0.008%6.25%obs/ft.)

(0.0625%obs/ft.)

0.025%20%obs/m*

2.0%obs/m

(0.008%6.25%obs/ft.)

(0.625%obs/ft.)

AlertVerificationDelay1&2

0 60seconds

10seconds

ActionVerificationDelay1&2

060seconds

10seconds

Fire1VerificationDelay1&2

0 60seconds

10seconds

Fire2VerificationDelay1&2

0 60seconds

10seconds

AlarmLatchingEnable

EnabledorDisabled

Enabled

FaultLatchingEnable

EnabledorDisabled

Disabled

AirflowUrgentHighFlowFault

100%150%

130%

AirflowUrgentLowFlowFault

50%100%

70%

AirflowNonUrgentHighFlowFault

100%150%

120%

AirflowNonUrgentLowFlowFault

50%to100%

80%

AutoLearnSmoke

15min.15days

14days

AutoLearnFlow

15min.15days

14days

SmokeTestButton

Enable/Disable

Disabled

Thresholdset1and2

Day(1)&Night(2)/
Disabled

Disabled

ActionSmokeThreshold1&2

Fire1SmokeThreshold1&2

Fire2SmokeThreshold1&2

Table9Factorydefaults
*Forcodespecificinformationseepageii.

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1.9 Specifications
PowerSupply
SupplyVoltage

24VDCnominal(1830VDC)*

PowerConsumption@24VDC

5.2 Wnominal,7.0Winalarm*

CurrentConsumption@24VDC

220 mAnominal,295mAinalarm*

*Forcodespecificinformationseepageii.
Case
Dimensions(WHD)

245mmx175mmx90mm
5

(9/in.x6/in.x3/in.)
8
8
2
Weight

2kg(approx.4.4lbs)

IPRating

IP30

Mounting

Upright,invertedorhorizontalwithappropriate
mountingbracket

Maintenanceaccess

InstantFaultFinder,FilterandProgrammingPort

OperatingConditions
DetectorAmbient
SampledAir
Humidity(noncondensing)

0 Cto40C(32Fto104F)
0 Cto40C(32Fto104F)
5%to95%

SamplingNetwork
Airinletpipe

OD25mm(ID21mm)/IPSin.(OD1.05in.)
AlternatepipesizescanbemodelledwithASPIRE2

Singlepipelength

25 m(80ft.)max.

SinglepipeSamplingholes

36samplingholespreengineered
For712samplingholesmodelwithASPIRE2

Branch(2)pipelength

15m(50ft.)max.perbranch

Branch(2)Samplingholes

24samplingholespreengineered
ForsamplingholesmodelwithASPIRE2

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ReturnAirSamplingUShaped
design

410samplingholespreengineered

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AreaCovered
2

25 0m (2500sq.ft.)

FieldWiring
Access

3x25mm(1in.)Cableentries(1rearentry)

Terminals

0.2mm2 2. 5mm2 (3012AWG)

Interfaces
PowerIn/Out.
Fire1Relay(changeover,2A@30VDC).
ActionRelay(changeover,2A@30VDC).
FaultRelay(changeover,2A@30VDC).
GeneralPurposeInput(cleancontact).
Externaldisplayport(withpowerlimitedoutput).
RS232programmingport.

AlarmRanges
Alert,Action

0.0252.0%obs/m(0.0080.625%obs/ft.)*

Fire1,Fire2

0.02520%obs/m(0.0086.25%obs/ft.)*

IndividualDelays

060seconds

2Thresholdsets(1&2)

Dayandnight

Forcodespecificinformationseepageii.
Display
4AlarmStateIndicators.
FaultandDisabledIndicators.
SmokeLevelIndicators.
InstantFaultFinder.
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Reset,DisableandTestControls.
SmokeandFlowAutoLearnControlsandIndicators.

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EventLog
Upto18000eventsstored.
Smoketrend,flowtrend,faultsevents,configurationeventsandoperationalevents.
Dateandtimestamp.

AutoLearnSmoke&Flow
Minimum15minutes,maximum15days(default14days).
DuringAutoLearn,thresholdsareNOTchangedfrompresetvalues.

Referencing
Referencesmokelevelsourcefornetworkeddetectors(requiresaVESDAnetInterface
card).

OrderingInformation
VESDALaserFOCUSVLF250

VLF25000,VLF25001,VLF25002

FilterCartridge

VSP005

Aspirator

VSP715

VESDAnetInterfaceCard

VIC010

1.10 Maintenance
Overview
TheVESDALaserFOCUSsmokedetectorcontinuouslymonitorsitsownoperationandconducts
frequenthealthchecks.Therearetwoserviceableitems,theairfiltercartridgeandtheaspirator.
Caution:

Electrostaticdischargeprecautionsneedtobetakenpriortoremovingthefront
coverfromthedetectorotherwisedamagemayoccurtothedetector.

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Legend

Dualstageairfilter
cartridge

Aspirator

Figure26Maintenancereplaceableitems

Maintenanceschedule
TomaintaintheVESDALaserFOCUSsmokedetectorinpeakworkingorderfollowthe
maintenancestandardsforyourregionandwherenorecommendedstandardexistsseethe
tablebelow.Pleasenote,forenvironmentsthatexperiencehighlevelsofcontamination,the
frequencyofmaintenancewillneedtobeincreased.Maintenanceshouldbeconductedbya
qualifiedservicecontractor.
Action

Frequency

Details

Checkpipe
network

6monthly

Checkpipeconnectionstoensureallpiperunsare
intactandthatpipesupportsandjointsarefirm.

Airflow

Yearly

CheckairflowviaVSCsoftware(refertotheVESDA
SystemConfiguratorManual).Comparethecurrent
readingwithpreviousreadingtodetermineiftheflow
ratehasreduced.

Smoketest

Yearly

Conductsmoketestsandverifydetectorperformance
(refertotheSystemDesignManual).
Compareresponsetimeswiththosepreviously
recordedandinvestigateanydiscrepancies.

Check
power
supplies

Yearly

Testinaccordancewithsuppliersinstructions

Filter
replacement

2Yearly

Recommendedchangeoutperiod.Thefilterstatuscan
becheckedviaVSCsoftware.Dependingonthe
environment,thefiltermayrequiremorefrequent
checking.

Clean
sampling
holes

Asnecessary

Iffrequentlowflowfaultsoccurcleanthesamplingpipe
networkbybackflushing(refertotheSystemDesign
Manual).

Table10Maintenanceschedule
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Filterreplacement
TheVESDALaserFOCUSsmokedetectorusesadisposabledualstageairfiltercartridge.This
filterremovesdustcontaminationfromsampledairandprovidesacleanairbleedtopreservethe
detectorchamberoptics.Thedetectorconstantlymonitorsfilterefficiency.Tomaintainthe
operationalintegrityofthesmokedetector,itisrecommendedthatthefilterbereplacedevery
2years,orwhenafilterfaultoccursormoreoftenforenvironmentsthatexperiencehighlevelsof
contamination.
Afaultisraisedonthedetector,whenthefilterneedstobereplaced.Duringthereplacement
processthedetectorneedstobeinformedthatanewfilterhasbeeninstalled.
Note:

Note:
Note:

PriortoanyworkormaintenancebeingcarriedoutontheVESDALaserFOCUS
takethenecessarystepstoadvisethemonitoringauthoritythatpowermaybe
removedandthesystemdisabled.
Ensuretheareasurroundingthefilterisclearofdirtanddebrispriortoreplacement.
Thefilterisforsingleuseonly,itcannotbecleanedandreused.

Filterreplacementsteps
Ensurethedetectorremainspoweredupduringfilterreplacementandanewfiltercartridgeis
available:
1.
2.

3.
4.

5.
6.
7.
8.

Pushinthesecuritytabandliftupthefieldserviceaccessdoor(A).
SetthedetectortoStandbymodebypressingtheDisablebuttonfor6seconds.The
DisabledLEDbeginstoflash.AfterreleasingtheDisablebuttonthedisabledLEDwill
slowlyflash.
Undotherecessedretainingscrew(C)andpullouttheoldfilter(B).
Usingyourfinger,firmlypressthefilterswitch(D)(inthefilterrecessofthedetector)5times
within5secondstoconfirmtothedetectorthatanewfilterisabouttobeinstalled(see
inset).ALEDnexttotheserialinterfacewillflasheachtimeyoupushthefilterswitch,and
willcontinueflashingonceyouhavesuccessfullypressedtheswitch5timesin5seconds.
Insertthenewfilter(VSP005)andtightentheretainingscrew.
PresstheDisablebuttonfor6secondstoreturnthedetectortonormaloperation.
Recordthefilterreplacementdateonthefilter.
Closethefieldserviceaccessdoor.

Legend

Fieldserviceaccessdoor

Dualstageairfiltercartridge

Retainingscrew

Filterswitch

Figure27Filterreplacement

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Aspiratorreplacement
Note:

Priortoreplacingtheaspiratoradvisethemonitoringauthoritythatpowerwillbe
removedandthesystemdisabled.

Caution:

Electrostaticdischargeprecautionsneedtobetakenpriortoremovingthefront
coverfromthedetectorotherwisedamagemayoccurtotheunit.

Aspiratorremoval(assumesnormalmounting,seeFigure28):
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Disconnectpowertothedetector.
Pushinthesecuritytabandliftupthefieldserviceaccessdoor.
Unscrewthetwofrontcoverretainingscrews,liftandswingdownthefrontcover.
Onlydisconnectthefanwiringloomfromtheconnectionpoint(E)attheaspirator.
Undotheretainingscrewontheaspirator(A).
Swingouttheaspirator,thenliftandremoveitfromthedetector.

Note:
Note:

Anytimetheaspiratorisremovedensuretheareasurroundingtheaspiratorisclear
ofdirtanddebrispriortoreplacement.
Caremustbetakenduringaspiratorreplacement.Theaspiratormustbecorrectly
seatedthisisessentialsothatgasketsarenotdamagedordislodgedfromthe
undersideoftheaspirator.

Aspiratorreplacementsteps
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Cliptheaspirator(VSP715)intotheretainingclip(D)andswingitbackintothedetector.
Tightentheretainingscrew(A)(donotovertighten).
Reconnectthefanloomtotheaspirator(E).
Replacethefrontcoverandscrewitintoplace.
Closethefieldserviceaccessdoor.
Reconnectpowertothedetector.

Legend

A
B

Aspiratorsecuringscrew

Swingaspiratorouttoremove

Aspirator

Retainingclippoints

Fanloomconnectormustbe
disconnectedhere

Figure28Aspiratorreplacement

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Glossary
A

Aspirator

Impellertypefanusedtodrawsampledairintothe
detector.

CapillaryTubes

Flexibletubesattachedtothesamplingpipenetworkfor
samplingspecificareasorobjectsawayfromthe
samplingpipe.

Disable

Disablesthefirerelayoutputsfromactuating
(previouslyknownasIsolate)andindicatesafault.

DualStageAirFilter
Cartridge

AdisposableairfiltercartridgeusedinVESDA
LaserFOCUSdetectorsthatremovesdust
contaminationfromsampledairandprovidesacleanair
bleedtomaintaintheLaserchamberoptics.

EventLog

AllVESDAdetectorsprovideinternaldataloggingof
eventswhichhaveoccurredintheVESDAprotected
zone.

FCCCompliance

FederalCommunicationsCommission.

Fire1

Thisindicatesaserioussituationandmayleadto
automaticgenerationofanormalfirealarm.

FireAlarmControl
Panel(FACP)

Apanelwhichallfiredetectionproductsreporttheir
statusto.

GeneralPurposeInput
(GPI)

TheGeneralPurposeInputisaprogrammableinput.

HighAirflow
Environment

Wherethereare10ormoreairexchangesperhour.

InstantFaultFinder

IlluminatesoneormoresegmentsoftheSmokeDial
withcorrespondingfaultnumbers.

LaserFOCUS

Anairsamplingsmokedetectorusinglightscatteringto
reportsmokeobscuration.

Obscuration

Thereductioninlightpassingthroughauniformlength
duetothepresenceofparticulates.

Relay

TheconnectiononaVESDAdetectorwhichallows
externalequipmenttobehardwiredtoitandbe
triggeredwhenvariousconditionsoccur(example,
soundingasirenatAlertthreshold).

SamplingNetwork

ThepipenetworkconstructedtoallowtheVESDA
detectortodrawairforsampling.

Sensitivity

Relativedegreeofresponse(i.e.activationofalarm
condition)ofadetector.Ahighsensitivitydenotes
responsetoalowerconcentrationofsmokethanalow
sensitivity,underidenticalsmokebuildupconditions.

VESDA

Brandnamefortherangeofsmokedetectors.

VSC

VESDASystemConfigurator,aPCbasedprogramtool.

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LaserFOCUSVLF250ProductGuide

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VESDA

Index
A

Instantfaultfinder...............................29

Applications........................................22

Instantrecognitiondisplay...................24

Areaprotected......................................1

Invertedmounting.................................4

Troubleshootingguide.......................30

Aspiratorreplacement..........................37

AutoLearnFlow...................................21
AutoLearnSmoke................................20

Maintenance.......................................34

C
Clearances............................................2

Aspirator replacement.......................
Filter replacement ............................
Schedule
........................................35
Mounting
..............................................1

37
36

Clearances.......................................
Orientation........................................
Surface............................................2
Mountingsurface
...................................2

2
1

Commissioning...................................19
AutoLearn flow ................................
AutoLearn smoke.............................
Smoketest.....................................21
Controlbuttons
...................................27

21
20

Conventions..........................................ii

P
Pipeconnections

Defaultsettings...................................31

Airinlet............................................5
Exhaust...........................................6

Detectorremoval...................................4

Pipenetwork.......................................13
Branched pipe.................................
Duct..............................................
Installation considerations..................
Return air.......................................
Singlepipe.....................................14

F
Features.............................................22
Fieldserviceaccessdoor.....................25
Filterreplacement................................36

G
Glossary.............................................38

16
19
18
17

S
Serialport...........................................12
Smokedial..........................................29
Smokelevel........................................29
Smoketest..........................................21
Specifications.....................................32

Installation........................................1,3

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VESDA

Userinterface......................................23

Wiring..................................................6

V
VESDASystemConfigurator.................21

General Purpose Input ........................ 7


Power supply .................................... 9
Relays ........................................... 10
Spareterminals.................................9

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